Search results for 'clarity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Égré & Denis Bonnay (2010). Vagueness, Uncertainty and Degrees of Clarity. Synthese 174 (1):47 - 78.score: 18.0
    In this paper we compare different models of vagueness viewed as a specific form of subjective uncertainty in situations of imperfect discrimination. Our focus is on the logic of the operator “clearly” and on the problem of higher-order vagueness. We first examine the consequences of the notion of intransitivity of indiscriminability for higher-order vagueness, and compare several accounts of vagueness as inexact or imprecise knowledge, namely Williamson’s margin for error semantics, Halpern’s two-dimensional semantics, and the system we call Centered semantics. (...)
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  2. Nicholas Joll (2009). How Should Philosophy Be Clear? Loaded Clarity, Default Clarity, and Adorno. Telos 2009 (146):73–95.score: 18.0
    [First paragraph:] Part of the point of this article is to support the following claim by Adorno: “Rarely has anyone laid out a theory of philosophical clarity; instead, the concept of clarity has been used as though it were self-evident.” In fact, and again with Adorno, I shall argue for what I call the “loadedness thesis”: the thesis that philosophical conceptions of clarity are pervasively, and perhaps inevitably, philosophically partisan (section one). Yet I shall proceed to argue (...)
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  3. Esther Usborne & Roxane Sablonnière (2014). Understanding My Culture Means Understanding Myself: The Function of Cultural Identity Clarity for Personal Identity Clarity and Personal Psychological Well‐Being. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1).score: 18.0
    Culture is acknowledged to be a critical element in the construction of an individual's identity; however, in today's increasingly multicultural environments, the influence of culture is no longer straightforward. It is now important to explore cultural identity clarity—the extent to which beliefs about identity that arise from one's cultural group membership(s) are clearly and confidently understood. We describe a novel theoretical model to explain why having a clear and confident understanding of one's cultural identity is important for psychological well-being, (...)
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  4. Daniel J. Weintraub & John A. McNulty (1973). Clarity Versus Identifiability of Repeatedly Flashed Patterns. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (3):293-305.score: 15.0
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  5. Chris Barker (2009). Clarity and the Grammar of Skepticism. Mind and Language 24 (3):253-273.score: 12.0
    Why ever assert clarity? If It is clear that p is true, then saying so should be at best superfluous. Barker and Taranto (2003) and Taranto (2006) suggest that asserting clarity reveals information about the beliefs of the discourse participants, specifically, that they both believe that p . However, mutual belief is not sufficient to guarantee clarity ( It is clear that God exists ). I propose instead that It is clear that p means instead (roughly) 'the (...)
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  6. Bernard Burnes & Rune Todnem By (2012). Leadership and Change: The Case for Greater Ethical Clarity. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 108 (2):239-252.score: 12.0
    This article addresses the relationship between the ethics underpinning leadership and change. It examines the developments in leadership and change over the last three decades and their ethical implications. It adopts a consequentialist perspective on ethics and uses this to explore different approaches to leadership and change. In particular, the article focuses on individual (egoistic) consequentialism and utilitarian consequentialism. The article argues that all leadership styles and all approaches to change are rooted in a set of values, some of which (...)
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  7. Thomas Radice (2001). Clarity and Survival in the Zhuangzi. Asian Philosophy 11 (1):33 – 40.score: 12.0
    This paper is an analysis of the term ming ('clarity, 'illumination') in the Inner Chapters of the Zhuangzi. I show that though ming does involve the realization of the fundamental unity of opposites, the realization of this unity does not force the Zhuangzi to endorse a 'radical relativist' stance on morality, since the perspective of the Sage through ming is shown to be a privileged perspective. Overall, the Zhuangzi does not endorse any normative stance on morality. Rather, it endorses (...)
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  8. Bryn Williams-Jones & Chris MacDonald (2008). Conflict of Interest Policies at Canadian Universities: Clarity and Content. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1):79-90.score: 12.0
    Discussions of conflict of interest (COI) in the university have tended to focus on financial interests in the context of medical research; much less attention has been given to COI in general or to the policies that seek to manage COI. Are university COI policies accessible and understandable? To whom are these policies addressed (faculty, staff, students)? Is COI clearly defined in these policies and are procedures laid out for avoiding or remedying such situations? To begin tackling these important ethical (...)
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  9. Aaron M. Clark (2010). Is Clarity Essential to Good Teaching? Teaching Philosophy 33 (3):271-289.score: 12.0
    It is common to think that clarity is an essential ingredient of good teaching, meaning, in part, that good teachers always make it as easy as possible to follow what they say. We disagree. What we argue is that there are cases in which a philosophy teacher needs to forego clarity, making strategic use of obscurity in the undergraduate classroom.
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  10. Norman D. Cook (2000). Localist Representations and Theoretical Clarity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):474-475.score: 12.0
    In the Localist Manifesto, Page enumerated several computational advantages that localist representations have over distributed representations, but the most important difference between such networks concerns their theoretical clarity. Distributed representations are normally closed to theoretical interpretation and, for that reason, contribute little to psychology, whereas the meaning of the information processing in networks using localist representations can be transparent.
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  11. Francis X. Clooney (2012). Carefully Uncertain the Limits of Clarity at Interreligious Borders. Common Knowledge 18 (2):312-324.score: 12.0
    This essay explores a certain kind of uncertainty, a fuzziness, that occurs in inter-religious study where the religions involved both highly prize clarity, truth, and specific commitments. Reading that crosses religious borders creates a body of new insights and even spiritual experiences that neither fit easily into the settled doctrines of traditions nor contest those doctrines by offering new, liberal, or relativizing alternatives. Rather, productive spaces open up wherein spiritual insight and uncertainty go hand in hand, created and accentuated (...)
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  12. Mason Marshall & Aaron M. Clark (2010). Is Clarity Essential to Good Teaching? Teaching Philosophy 33 (3):271-289.score: 12.0
    It is common to think that clarity is an essential ingredient of good teaching, meaning, in part, that good teachers always make it as easy as possible to follow what they say. We disagree. What we argue is that there are cases in which a philosophy teacher needs to forego clarity, making strategic use of obscurity in the undergraduate classroom.
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  13. William Thomas (2005). Rejoinder to Leland B. Yeager, "An Economist Responds" (Spring 2005): Clarity and the Standard of Ethics. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 6 (2):473 - 476.score: 12.0
    Thomas clarifies his basic criticism of Yeager's book, Ethics as Social Science, emphasizing his concern about lack of clarity of argument rather than style. Thomas discusses the role of ethical standards in contextual moral reasoning and defends Rand's rejection of ethical altruism against criticisms that it represents a "corner solution" or an unrealistic slippery-slope argument.
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  14. David Wallace (2010). Gravity, Entropy, and Cosmology: In Search of Clarity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):513-540.score: 9.0
    I discuss the statistical mechanics of gravitating systems and in particular its cosmological implications, and argue that many conventional views on this subject in the foundations of statistical mechanics embody significant confusion; I attempt to provide a clearer and more accurate account. In particular, I observe that (i) the role of gravity in entropy calculations must be distinguished from the entropy of gravity, that (ii) although gravitational collapse is entropy-increasing, this is not usually because the collapsing matter itself increases in (...)
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  15. Susanne Bobzien (2012). If It's Clear, Then It's Clear That It's Clear, or is It? Higher-Order Vagueness and the S4 Axiom. In B. Morison K. Ierodiakonou (ed.), Episteme, etc. OUP UK.score: 9.0
    The purpose of this paper is to challenge some widespread assumptions about the role of the modal axiom 4 in a theory of vagueness. In the context of vagueness, axiom 4 usually appears as the principle ‘If it is clear (determinate, definite) that A, then it is clear (determinate, definite) that it is clear (determinate, definite) that A’, or, more formally, CA → CCA. We show how in the debate over axiom 4 two different notions of clarity are in (...)
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  16. Graham Oppy (2010). Review of Owen Anderson, The Clarity of God's Existence: The Ethics of Belief After the Enlightenment. [REVIEW] Sophia 49 (2):301-308.score: 9.0
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  17. Paul Root Wolpe (2002). Teaching Ethics to Basic Scientists: Suggestions for Greater Curricular Clarity. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):62-63.score: 9.0
  18. Vincent Colapietro (2009). Habit, Competence, and Purpose: How to Make the Grades of Clarity Clearer. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (3):pp. 348-377.score: 9.0
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  19. Julie A. Nelson (2004). Clocks, Creation and Clarity: Insights on Ethics and Economics From a Feminist Perspective. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):381 - 398.score: 9.0
    This essay discusses the origins, biases, and effects on contemporary discussions of economics and ethics of the unexamined use of the metaphor an economy is a machine. Both neoliberal economics and many critiques of capitalist systems take this metaphor as their starting point. The belief that economies run according to universal laws of motion, however, is shown to be based on a variety of rationalist thinking that – while widely held – is inadequate for explaining lived human experience. Feminist scholarship (...)
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  20. Joseph J. Fins & F. Plum (2004). Neurological Diagnosis is More Than a State of Mind: Diagnostic Clarity and Impaired Consciousness. Archives of Neurology 61 (9):1354-1355.score: 9.0
  21. Trent Dougherty & Patrick Rysiew (2011). Clarity About Concessive Knowledge Attributions: Reply to Dodd. Synthese 181 (3):395-403.score: 9.0
    Recently, Dylan Dodd (this Journal ) has tried to clear up what he takes to be some of the many confusions surrounding concessive knowledge attributions (CKAs)—i.e., utterances of the form “S knows that p , but it’s possible that q ” (where q entails not- p ) (Rysiew, Noûs 35(4): 477–514, 2001). Here, we respond to the criticisms Dodd offers of the account of the semantics and the sometime-infelicity of CKAs we have given (Dougherty and Rysiew, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (...)
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  22. Ned Block (forthcoming). Consciousness, Big Science and Conceptual Clarity. In Gary Marcus & Jeremy Freeman (eds.), in The Future of the Brain: Essays by the World’s Leading Neuroscientists. Princeton University Press.score: 9.0
  23. Barry Z. Posner (2010). Another Look at the Impact of Personal and Organizational Values Congruency. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (4):535 - 541.score: 9.0
    This study re-examined the impact of personal and organizational values congruency on positive work outcomes and investigated the extent to which this relationship is affected by demographic variables. Data collection paralleled an earlier study (Posner and Schmidt, Journal of Business Ethics 12,1993, 341) and validated those findings, lending additional credibility to the continuing importance of this phenomenon. Both personal values congruence and organizational values clarity were significantly related to commitment, satisfaction, motivation, anxiety, work stress, and ethics using a cross-sectional (...)
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  24. Kurt Smith (2001). A General Theory of Cartesian Clarity and Distinctness Based on the Theory of Enumeration in the Rules. Dialogue 40 (02):279-.score: 9.0
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  25. Brayton Polka (2011). Enlightenment Heroes and the Ideal of Moral Clarity. The European Legacy 16 (1):91-96.score: 9.0
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  26. Robert Briscoe (2001). Faith, Social Hope, and Clarity. [REVIEW] Boston Book Review.score: 9.0
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  27. Dawn M. Phillips (2006). Clear as Mud. Journal of Philosophical Research 31:277-294.score: 9.0
    In both the Tractatus and the Investigations, Wittgenstein claimed that the aim of philosophy is to achieve clarity: to see clearly the logic or grammar of our language. However, his view of clarity underwent an important change, one of many changes that led Wittgenstein to write, in the preface to the Investigations, that his new ideas “could be seen in the right light only by contrast with and against the background of my old way of thinking.” I argue (...)
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  28. John Swinton & Stephen Pattison (2010). Moving Beyond Clarity: Towards a Thin, Vague, and Useful Understanding of Spirituality in Nursing Care. Nursing Philosophy 11 (4):226-237.score: 9.0
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  29. Raj Agnihotri, Adam Rapp, Prabakar Kothandaraman & Rakesh K. Singh (2012). An Emotion-Based Model of Salesperson Ethical Behaviors. Journal of Business Ethics 109 (2):243-257.score: 9.0
    Academic research studies examining the ethical attitudes and behaviors of salespeople have produced several frameworks that explore the ethical decision-making processes to which salespeople adhere when faced with ethical dilemmas. Past literature enriches our understanding; however, a critical review of the relevant literature suggests that an emotional route to salesperson ethical decision-making has yet to be explored. Given the fact that individuals’ emotional capacities play an important role in decision-making when faced with an ethical dilemma, there is a need for (...)
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  30. Griffin Trotter (1999). Response to “Bringing Clarity to the Futility Debate: Don't Use the Wrong Cases” by Howard Brody and “Commentary: Bringing Clarity to the Futility Debate: Are the Cases Wrong?” by L.J. Schneiderman (CQ Vol 7, No 3). [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (04):527-537.score: 9.0
    In a recent issue of CambridgeQuarterlyofHealthcareEthics, Howard Brody and Lawrence Schneiderman offer contrasting opinions about how to apply the concept of in medicine. Brody holds that are those in which it is reasonably certain that a given intervention when applied for the purpose of attaining a specific clinical goal. To determine which actions are futile, Brody prescribes a division of labor. Patients (or patient surrogates) are charged with choosing the goals of treatment while physicians are charged with determining whether specific (...)
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  31. James E. Taylor (2010). The Clarity of God's Existence: The Ethics of Belief After the Enlightenment. By Owen Anderson. Heythrop Journal 51 (3):513-514.score: 9.0
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  32. Richard A. Epstein (2011). Can We Design an Optimal Constitution? Of Structural Ambiguity and Rights Clarity. Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (1):290-324.score: 9.0
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  33. H. H. Price (1945). The Inaugural Address: Clarity Is Not Enough. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 19:1 - 31.score: 9.0
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  34. Richard Rorty (1964). Clarity is Not Enough. International Philosophical Quarterly 4 (4):623-624.score: 9.0
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  35. Morton White (1951). Ontological Clarity and Semantic Obscurity. Journal of Philosophy 48 (12):373-380.score: 9.0
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  36. Lawrence J. Schneiderman (1998). Commentary: Bringing Clarity to the Futility Debate: Are the Cases Wrong? Lawrence J. Schneiderman. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):273-278.score: 9.0
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  37. Guy Robinson (1964/1998). Philosophy and Mystification: A Reflection on Nonsense and Clarity. Routledge.score: 9.0
    Philosophy and Mystification is a work of philosophy in and of itself as much as it is a book about philosophy. Its reflections on the nature, methods and resources of philosophic enquiry are carefully grounded in the central problems that have dogged Western philosophy in the modern era: logical necessity, machine intelligence, the relation of science and religion, determinism, skepticism and the question of foundations and origins. Guy Robinson argues that a conception of philosophy was adopted in the 17th (...)
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  38. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2008). The Relationship Between Conscious Phenomena and Physical Reality in Behaviour Control: The Need for Simplicity Through Phenomenological Clarity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):22-23.score: 9.0
    How can be interchangeable with mirroring, which is an automatic response that, from a first-person perspective, enters awareness only after the act? The correspondence between perception of another's action and execution of one's similar action may be an example of a general perception-motor interface that maps perception onto behaviour or disposition towards action, without the need for simulation.
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  39. Joseph M. Williams (1995). Book Review: Style: Toward Clarity and Grace. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 19 (1).score: 9.0
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  40. Michael A. Bishop (1992). The Possibility of Conceptual Clarity in Philosophy. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (3):267 - 277.score: 9.0
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  41. Review author[S.]: Carine Defoort (1994). Obscurity About Clarity: A Reply to R. P. Peerenboom. Philosophy East and West 44 (2):379-385.score: 9.0
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  42. John B. Cobb Jr (1957). Toward Clarity in Aesthetics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 18 (2):169-189.score: 9.0
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  43. Max Ajl (2012). Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 1: The False Messiah, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 3: Conflict Without End, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2010. [REVIEW] Historical Materialism 20 (3):159-180.score: 9.0
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  44. Maria Dimova-Cookson (2004). Conceptual Clarity, Freedom, and Normative Ideas: Reply to Blau. Political Theory 32 (4):554-562.score: 9.0
  45. D. I. Shalowitz & F. G. Miller (2008). The Search for Clarity in Communicating Research Results to Study Participants. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e17-e17.score: 9.0
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  46. Claire Haggett (2011). A Call for Clarity and a Review of the Empirical Evidence: Comment on Felman and Turner's 'Why Not NIMBY?'. Ethics, Policy and Environment 13 (3):313-316.score: 9.0
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  47. Franklin G. Miller & Robert D. Truog (2012). Going All the Way: Ethical Clarity and Ethical Progress. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):10-11.score: 9.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 10-11, June 2012.
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  48. Edgar A. Towne (2009). Toward More Clarity About Coherence in Whitehead's Metaphysics. Process Studies 38 (1):69-92.score: 9.0
    What I call ambiguities of system due to the sheer complexity of Whitehead’s metaphysics and his analysis of process in terms of concrescence and transition threaten its coherence in terms of what we know empirically of the quantum and classical dimensions of nature. Ambiguities of equivocation pertaining to Whitehead’s use of the terms “contemporary” and “objectification,” as the latter is employed in relation to prehension and satisfaction, also threaten its coherence. The article proposes ways to reduce these threats and uncertainty (...)
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  49. David A. Buchanan (2013). The Austerity Bargain and the Social Self: Conceptual Clarity Surrounding Health Cutbacks. Nursing Philosophy 14 (1):38-44.score: 9.0
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  50. N. S. C. (1964). Clarity is Not Enough. Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):485-485.score: 9.0
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