Search results for 'clarity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  72
    Paul Égré & Denis Bonnay (2010). Vagueness, Uncertainty and Degrees of Clarity. Synthese 174 (1):47 - 78.
    In this paper we compare different models of vagueness viewed as a specific form of subjective uncertainty in situations of imperfect discrimination. Our focus is on the logic of the operator “clearly” and on the problem of higher-order vagueness. We first examine the consequences of the notion of intransitivity of indiscriminability for higher-order vagueness, and compare several accounts of vagueness as inexact or imprecise knowledge, namely Williamson’s margin for error semantics, Halpern’s two-dimensional semantics, and the system we call Centered semantics. (...)
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  2.  8
    Karin U. Katz, Mikhail G. Katz & Taras Kudryk (2014). Toward a Clarity of the Extreme Value Theorem. Logica Universalis 8 (2):193-214.
    We apply a framework developed by C. S. Peirce to analyze the concept of clarity, so as to examine a pair of rival mathematical approaches to a typical result in analysis. Namely, we compare an intuitionist and an infinitesimal approaches to the extreme value theorem. We argue that a given pre-mathematical phenomenon may have several aspects that are not necessarily captured by a single formalisation, pointing to a complementarity rather than a rivalry of the approaches.
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  3.  15
    Nicholas Joll (2009). How Should Philosophy Be Clear? Loaded Clarity, Default Clarity, and Adorno. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2009 (146):73–95.
    [First paragraph:] Part of the point of this article is to support the following claim by Adorno: “Rarely has anyone laid out a theory of philosophical clarity; instead, the concept of clarity has been used as though it were self-evident.” In fact, and again with Adorno, I shall argue for what I call the “loadedness thesis”: the thesis that philosophical conceptions of clarity are pervasively, and perhaps inevitably, philosophically partisan (section one). Yet I shall proceed to argue (...)
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  4.  7
    Esther Usborne & Roxane Sablonnière (2014). Understanding My Culture Means Understanding Myself: The Function of Cultural Identity Clarity for Personal Identity Clarity and Personal Psychological Well‐Being. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (4):436-458.
    Culture is acknowledged to be a critical element in the construction of an individual's identity; however, in today's increasingly multicultural environments, the influence of culture is no longer straightforward. It is now important to explore cultural identity clarity—the extent to which beliefs about identity that arise from one's cultural group membership are clearly and confidently understood. We describe a novel theoretical model to explain why having a clear and confident understanding of one's cultural identity is important for psychological well-being, (...)
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  5.  1
    Daniel J. Weintraub & John A. McNulty (1973). Clarity Versus Identifiability of Repeatedly Flashed Patterns. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (3):293-305.
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  6.  30
    Bernard Burnes & Rune Todnem By (2012). Leadership and Change: The Case for Greater Ethical Clarity. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 108 (2):239-252.
    This article addresses the relationship between the ethics underpinning leadership and change. It examines the developments in leadership and change over the last three decades and their ethical implications. It adopts a consequentialist perspective on ethics and uses this to explore different approaches to leadership and change. In particular, the article focuses on individual (egoistic) consequentialism and utilitarian consequentialism. The article argues that all leadership styles and all approaches to change are rooted in a set of values, some of which (...)
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  7.  28
    Chris Barker (2009). Clarity and the Grammar of Skepticism. Mind and Language 24 (3):253-273.
    Why ever assert clarity? If It is clear that p is true, then saying so should be at best superfluous. Barker and Taranto (2003) and Taranto (2006) suggest that asserting clarity reveals information about the beliefs of the discourse participants, specifically, that they both believe that p . However, mutual belief is not sufficient to guarantee clarity ( It is clear that God exists ). I propose instead that It is clear that p means instead (roughly) 'the (...)
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  8.  3
    Robert Vinten (2015). Review of "Clarity and Confusion in Social Theory" by Leonidas Tsilipakos. [REVIEW] Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4 (2):153-156.
    Book review of Tsilipakos, Leonidas: Clarity and Confusion in Social Theory: Taking Concepts Seriously. Farnham : Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2015.
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  9.  6
    Bryn Williams-Jones & Chris MacDonald (2008). Conflict of Interest Policies at Canadian Universities: Clarity and Content. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1):79-90.
    Discussions of conflict of interest (COI) in the university have tended to focus on financial interests in the context of medical research; much less attention has been given to COI in general or to the policies that seek to manage COI. Are university COI policies accessible and understandable? To whom are these policies addressed (faculty, staff, students)? Is COI clearly defined in these policies and are procedures laid out for avoiding or remedying such situations? To begin tackling these important ethical (...)
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  10.  11
    Mason Marshall & Aaron M. Clark (2010). Is Clarity Essential to Good Teaching? Teaching Philosophy 33 (3):271-289.
    It is common to think that clarity is an essential ingredient of good teaching, meaning, in part, that good teachers always make it as easy as possible to follow what they say. We disagree. What we argue is that there are cases in which a philosophy teacher needs to forego clarity, making strategic use of obscurity in the undergraduate classroom.
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  11.  7
    Thomas Radice (2001). Clarity and Survival in the Zhuangzi. Asian Philosophy 11 (1):33 – 40.
    This paper is an analysis of the term ming ('clarity, 'illumination') in the Inner Chapters of the Zhuangzi. I show that though ming does involve the realization of the fundamental unity of opposites, the realization of this unity does not force the Zhuangzi to endorse a 'radical relativist' stance on morality, since the perspective of the Sage through ming is shown to be a privileged perspective. Overall, the Zhuangzi does not endorse any normative stance on morality. Rather, it endorses (...)
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  12.  10
    Aaron M. Clark (2010). Is Clarity Essential to Good Teaching? Teaching Philosophy 33 (3):271-289.
    It is common to think that clarity is an essential ingredient of good teaching, meaning, in part, that good teachers always make it as easy as possible to follow what they say. We disagree. What we argue is that there are cases in which a philosophy teacher needs to forego clarity, making strategic use of obscurity in the undergraduate classroom.
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  13.  2
    Gerald J. Beyer (2005). Beyond “Nonsense on Stilts”: Towards Conceptual Clarity and Resolution of Conflicting Economic Rights. Human Rights Review 6 (4):5-31.
    Many of the debates concerning the existence of economic rights obfuscate the meaning of the possession of a right to an economic good. In order to provide clarification, several theoretical questions must be probed. This essay explores each of these issues in order to demonstrate that greater conceptual clarity repudiates the arguments against the existence of economic rights. It also seeks to attenuate the vexing problem of necessary and painful tradeoffs between competing rights claims. The final portion of this (...)
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  14.  4
    S. A. McGraw, C. A. Wood-Nutter, M. Z. Solomon, K. J. Maschke, J. T. Bensen, J. T. Benson & D. E. Irwin (2011). Clarity and Appeal of a Multimedia Informed Consent Tool for Biobanking. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (1):9-19.
    The complexity of biobank research raises concerns about individuals’ understanding of the information conveyed in the consent process for such research.. We report the results of a qualitative, cognitive interview study with an ethnically, linguistically, and educationally diverse sample of 43 respondents to assess the clarity and utility of a multimedia tool developed for a biobank. Using weighted randomization, respondents were assigned to either view the multimedia tool or read a written consent document . The study illustrates the utility (...)
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  15.  2
    William Thomas (2005). Rejoinder to Leland B. Yeager, "An Economist Responds" (Spring 2005): Clarity and the Standard of Ethics. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 6 (2):473 - 476.
    Thomas clarifies his basic criticism of Yeager's book, Ethics as Social Science, emphasizing his concern about lack of clarity of argument rather than style. Thomas discusses the role of ethical standards in contextual moral reasoning and defends Rand's rejection of ethical altruism against criticisms that it represents a "corner solution" or an unrealistic slippery-slope argument.
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  16.  2
    Francis X. Clooney (2012). Carefully Uncertain the Limits of Clarity at Interreligious Borders. Common Knowledge 18 (2):312-324.
    This essay explores a certain kind of uncertainty, a fuzziness, that occurs in inter-religious study where the religions involved both highly prize clarity, truth, and specific commitments. Reading that crosses religious borders creates a body of new insights and even spiritual experiences that neither fit easily into the settled doctrines of traditions nor contest those doctrines by offering new, liberal, or relativizing alternatives. Rather, productive spaces open up wherein spiritual insight and uncertainty go hand in hand, created and accentuated (...)
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  17.  1
    Norman D. Cook (2000). Localist Representations and Theoretical Clarity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):474-475.
    In the Localist Manifesto, Page enumerated several computational advantages that localist representations have over distributed representations, but the most important difference between such networks concerns their theoretical clarity. Distributed representations are normally closed to theoretical interpretation and, for that reason, contribute little to psychology, whereas the meaning of the information processing in networks using localist representations can be transparent.
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  18. Anne Roche & Roxanne Lapidus (2003). The Clarity of Secrets. Substance 32 (2):52-63.
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  19. Ned Block (2014). Consciousness, Big Science and Conceptual Clarity. In Gary Marcus & Jeremy Freeman (eds.), in The Future of the Brain: Essays by the World’s Leading Neuroscientists. Princeton University Press 161-176.
  20.  67
    Trent Dougherty & Patrick Rysiew (2011). Clarity About Concessive Knowledge Attributions: Reply to Dodd. Synthese 181 (3):395-403.
    Recently, Dylan Dodd (this Journal ) has tried to clear up what he takes to be some of the many confusions surrounding concessive knowledge attributions (CKAs)—i.e., utterances of the form “S knows that p , but it’s possible that q ” (where q entails not- p ) (Rysiew, Noûs 35(4): 477–514, 2001). Here, we respond to the criticisms Dodd offers of the account of the semantics and the sometime-infelicity of CKAs we have given (Dougherty and Rysiew, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (...)
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  21.  16
    Michael Wheeler (2011). In Search of Clarity About Parity. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 152 (3):417 - 425.
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  22.  1
    Bryan Magee (2014). Clarity in Philosophy. Philosophy 89 (3):451-462.
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  23. David Wallace (2010). Gravity, Entropy, and Cosmology: In Search of Clarity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):513-540.
    I discuss the statistical mechanics of gravitating systems and in particular its cosmological implications, and argue that many conventional views on this subject in the foundations of statistical mechanics embody significant confusion; I attempt to provide a clearer and more accurate account. In particular, I observe that (i) the role of gravity in entropy calculations must be distinguished from the entropy of gravity, that (ii) although gravitational collapse is entropy-increasing, this is not usually because the collapsing matter itself increases in (...)
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  24.  8
    Alison Stone (2015). The Politics of Clarity. Hypatia 30 (3):613-619.
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  25. Susan Neiman (2009). Moral Clarity: A Guide for Grown-Up Idealists. Princeton University Press.
    For years, moral language has been the province of the Right, as the Left has consoled itself with rudderless pragmatism. In this profound and powerful book, Susan Neiman reclaims the vocabulary of morality--good and evil, heroism and nobility--as a lingua franca for the twenty-first century. In constructing a framework for taking responsible action on today's urgent questions, Neiman reaches back to the eighteenth century, retrieving a series of values--happiness, reason, reverence, and hope--held high by Enlightenment thinkers. In this thoroughly updated (...)
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  26. Matthew Tyler Boden, Renee J. Thompson, Mügé Dizén, Howard Berenbaum & John P. Baker (2013). Are Emotional Clarity and Emotion Differentiation Related? Cognition and Emotion 27 (6):961-978.
  27. Paul Root Wolpe (2002). Teaching Ethics to Basic Scientists: Suggestions for Greater Curricular Clarity. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):62-63.
  28.  41
    Vincent Colapietro (2009). Habit, Competence, and Purpose: How to Make the Grades of Clarity Clearer. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (3):pp. 348-377.
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  29.  10
    Derek Turner & Lauren Hartzell (2004). The Lack of Clarity in the Precautionary Principle. Environmental Values 13 (4):449 - 460.
    The precautionary principle states, roughly, that it is better to take precautionary measures now than to deal with serious harms to the environment or human health later on. This paper builds on the work of Neil A. Manson in order to show that the precautionary principle, in all of its forms, is fraught with vagueness and ambiguity. We examine the version of the precautionary principle that was formulated at the Wingspread Conference sponsored by the Science and Environmental Health Network in (...)
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  30.  5
    Claire Haggett (2010). A Call for Clarity and a Review of the Empirical Evidence: Comment on Felman and Turner's ‘Why Not NIMBY?’. Ethics, Policy and Environment 13 (3):313-316.
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  31.  17
    John Swinton & Stephen Pattison (2010). Moving Beyond Clarity: Towards a Thin, Vague, and Useful Understanding of Spirituality in Nursing Care. Nursing Philosophy 11 (4):226-237.
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  32. Howard Brody (1998). Bringing Clarity to the Futility Debate: Don't Use the Wrong Cases. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):269-273.
    Among those who criticize the concept of a common refrain is that we really have no idea what futility means. For example, physicians seem to disagree on whether a treatment being futile means that it has a less than 5% chance of working or a 20% chance of working. If the concept is so unclear, then it seems a thin reed upon which to base a momentous ethical decision—namely, that the physician's judgment should be allowed to override the wishes of (...)
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  33.  6
    Edgar A. Towne (2009). Toward More Clarity About Coherence in Whitehead's Metaphysics. Process Studies 38 (1):69-92.
    What I call ambiguities of system due to the sheer complexity of Whitehead’s metaphysics and his analysis of process in terms of concrescence and transition threaten its coherence in terms of what we know empirically of the quantum and classical dimensions of nature. Ambiguities of equivocation pertaining to Whitehead’s use of the terms “contemporary” and “objectification,” as the latter is employed in relation to prehension and satisfaction, also threaten its coherence. The article proposes ways to reduce these threats and uncertainty (...)
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  34.  76
    Julie A. Nelson (2004). Clocks, Creation and Clarity: Insights on Ethics and Economics From a Feminist Perspective. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):381 - 398.
    This essay discusses the origins, biases, and effects on contemporary discussions of economics and ethics of the unexamined use of the metaphor an economy is a machine. Both neoliberal economics and many critiques of capitalist systems take this metaphor as their starting point. The belief that economies run according to universal laws of motion, however, is shown to be based on a variety of rationalist thinking that – while widely held – is inadequate for explaining lived human experience. Feminist scholarship (...)
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  35.  8
    Lawrence J. Schneiderman (1998). Commentary: Bringing Clarity to the Futility Debate: Are the Cases Wrong? Lawrence J. Schneiderman. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):273-278.
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  36.  10
    Michael A. Bishop (1992). The Possibility of Conceptual Clarity in Philosophy. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (3):267 - 277.
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  37.  4
    Rhonda M. Merwin, Nancy L. Zucker, Jennie L. Lacy & Camden A. Elliott (2010). Interoceptive Awareness in Eating Disorders: Distinguishing Lack of Clarity From Non-Acceptance of Internal Experience. Cognition and Emotion 24 (5):892-902.
  38.  74
    Graham Oppy (2010). Review of Owen Anderson, The Clarity of God's Existence: The Ethics of Belief After the Enlightenment. [REVIEW] Sophia 49 (2):301-308.
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  39.  21
    David Chai (2014). Nothingness and the Clearing: Heidegger, Daoism and the Quest for Primal Clarity. Review of Metaphysics 67 (3): 583 - 601.
    Martin Heidegger has made uncovering the truth of being his life’s work. He ultimately came to locate this truth at the site of the clearing (lichtung), which allowed him to sweep away the traditional formulation of the question of being and begin anew with beyng. This second beginning, as Heidegger called it, stood apart from the original in that he saw fit to cloak beyng in nothingness. This paper explores Heidegger’s use of nothingness and his claim that in order to (...)
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  40.  4
    Marco Stango (2015). The Pragmatic Maxim and the Normative Sciences: Peirce's Problematical ‘Fourth’ Grade of Clarity. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 51 (1):34-56.
    One of the crucial debates within pragmatism concerns the import of Charles S. Peirce’s “pragmatic maxim.” The aim of this article is to show that Peirce maintains a twofold attitude toward his maxim. I would call this twofold approach ‘problematical,’ not because it is the origin of inconsistencies within Peirce’s thought, but because the collocation and use of the pragmatic maxim constitutes a genuine problem upon which Peirce continued to reflect throughout his life.1 This problem concerns the relationship among semantics, (...)
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  41.  44
    Joseph J. Fins & F. Plum (2004). Neurological Diagnosis is More Than a State of Mind: Diagnostic Clarity and Impaired Consciousness. Archives of Neurology 61 (9):1354-1355.
  42. Claire Haggett (2010). A Call for Clarity and a Review of the Empirical Evidence: Comment on Felman and Turner's ‘Why Not NIMBY?’. Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (3):313-316.
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  43.  14
    Konstantin Pollok (2014). From the Clarity of Ideas to the Validity of Judgments: Kant's Farewell to Epistemic Perfectionism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (1):18-35.
    Against the standard interpretation of Kant's ‘Copernican revolution’ as the prioritization of epistemology over ontology, I argue in this paper that his critique of traditional metaphysics must be seen as a farewell to the perfectionism on which early modern rationalist ontology and epistemology are built. However, Kant does not simply replace ‘perfection’ with another fundamental concept of normativity. More radically, Kant realizes that it is not simply ideas but only the relation of ideas that can be subject to norms, and (...)
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  44.  12
    Ludwik Kowalski (1994). On Truth and Clarity / Food for Thought. Inquiry 14 (1):58-58.
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  45.  3
    Joan L. Richards (1991). Rigor and Clarity: Foundations of Mathematics in France and England, 1800–1840. Science in Context 4 (2).
  46.  14
    Niki Pfeifer (2011). Systematic Rationality Norms Provide Research Roadmaps and Clarity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):263-264.
    Normative theories like probability logic provide roadmaps for psychological investigations. They make theorizing precise. Therefore, normative considerations should not be subtracted from psychological research. I explain why conditional elimination inferences involve at least two norm paradigms; why reporting agreement with rationality norms is informative; why alleged asymmetric relations between formal and psychological theories are symmetric; and I discuss the arbitration problem.
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  47.  10
    John Langan (1984). Struggling for Moral Clarity About Nuclear Deterrence. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 59 (1):91-98.
  48.  9
    J. H. Lesher (2010). Saphêneia in Aristotle:'Clarity','Precision', and 'Knowledge'. Apeiron 43 (4):143-156.
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  49.  9
    David Turnbull, Henry Krips, Val Dusek, Steve Fuller, Alan Sokal, Jean Bricmont, Alan Frost, Alan Chalmers, Anna Salleh, Alfred I. Tauber, Yvonne Luxford, Nicolaas Rupke, Steven French, Peter G. Brown, Hugh LaFollette, Peter Machamer, Nicolas Rasmussen, Andy J. Miller, Marya Schechtman, Ross S. West, John Forge, David Oldroyd, Nancy Demand, Darrin W. Belousek, Warren Schmaus, Sungook Hong, Rachel A. Ankeny, Peter Anstey, Jeremy Butterfield & Harshi Gunawardena (2000). Clarity, Charity and Criticism, Wit, Wisdom and Worldliness: Avoiding Intellectual Impositions. [REVIEW] Metascience 9 (3):347-498.
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  50. Robert Briscoe (2001). Faith, Social Hope, and Clarity. [REVIEW] Boston Book Review.
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