Search results for 'classical theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mehmet Karabela (2011). The Development of Dialectic and Argumentation Theory in Post-Classical Islamic Intellectual History. Dissertation, McGill Universityscore: 72.0
    This dissertation is an analysis of the development of dialectic and argumentation theory in post-classical Islamic intellectual history. The central concerns of the thesis are; treatises on the theoretical understanding of the concept of dialectic and argumentation theory, and how, in practice, the concept of dialectic, as expressed in the Greek classical tradition, was received and used by five communities in the Islamic intellectual camp. It shows how dialectic as an argumentative discourse diffused into five communities (...)
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  2. Don Ross (2008). Classical Game Theory, Socialization and the Rationalization of Conventions. Topoi 27 (1-2):57-72.score: 72.0
    The paper begins by providing a game-theoretic reconstruction of Gilbert’s (1989) philosophical critique of Lewis (1969) on the role of salience in selecting conventions. Gilbert’s insight is reformulated thus: Nash equilibrium is insufficiently powerful as a solution concept to rationalize conventions for unboundedly rational agents if conventions are solutions to the kinds of games Lewis supposes. Both refinements to NE and appeals to bounded rationality can plug this gap, but lack generality. As Binmore (this issue) argues, evolutive game theory (...)
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  3. Timothy H. Boyer (2010). Blackbody Radiation and the Scaling Symmetry of Relativistic Classical Electron Theory with Classical Electromagnetic Zero-Point Radiation. Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1102-1116.score: 72.0
    It is pointed out that relativistic classical electron theory with classical electromagnetic zero-point radiation has a scaling symmetry which is suitable for understanding the equilibrium behavior of classical thermal radiation at a spectrum other than the Rayleigh-Jeans spectrum. In relativistic classical electron theory, the masses of the particles are the only scale-giving parameters associated with mechanics while the action-angle variables are scale invariant. The theory thus separates the interaction of the action variables of (...)
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  4. W. S. Cooper (1989). How Evolutionary Biology Challenges the Classical Theory of Rational Choice. Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):457-481.score: 63.0
    A fundamental philosophical question that arises in connection with evolutionary theory is whether the fittest patterns of behavior are always the most rational. Are fitness and rationality fully compatible? When behavioral rationality is characterized formally as in classical decision theory, the question becomes mathematically meaningful and can be explored systematically by investigating whether the optimally fit behavior predicted by evolutionary process models is decision-theoretically coherent. Upon investigation, it appears that in nontrivial evolutionary models the expected behavior is (...)
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  5. Ave Mets (2013). Measurement Theory, Nomological Machine And Measurement Uncertainties (In Classical Physics). Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):167-186.score: 60.0
    Measurement is said to be the basis of exact sciences as the process of assigning numbers to matter (things or their attributes), thus making it possible to apply the mathematically formulated laws of nature to the empirical world. Mathematics and empiria are best accorded to each other in laboratory experiments which function as what Nancy Cartwright calls nomological machine: an arrangement generating (mathematical) regularities. On the basis of accounts of measurement errors and uncertainties, I will argue for two claims: 1) (...)
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  6. Peter Novak (1998). Logic and the Classical Theory of Mind. Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (4):389-434.score: 60.0
    I extract several common assumptions in the Classical Theory of Mind (CTM) - mainly of Locke and Descartes - and work out a partial formalisation of the logic implicit in CTM. I then define the modal (logical) properties and relations of propositions, including the modality of conditional propositions and the validity of argument, according to the principles of CTM: that is, in terms of clear and distinct ideas, and without any reference to either possible worlds, or deducibility in (...)
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  7. Storrs McCall (1970). A Non-Classical Theory of Truth, with an Application to Intuitionism. American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (1):83 - 88.score: 60.0
    Any "classical" theory of truth will satisfy tarski's criterion ("p" is true if and only if p), And the principle of bivalence (every proposition is either true or false). A non-Classical theory may be obtained by rejecting these principles: - in fact it is shown that rejection of the second entails rejection of the first. If the resulting non-Classical theory is formalized, A system structurally isomorphic to either s4 or s5 is obtained. An attempt (...)
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  8. J. W. G. Wignall (1987). The Nonrelativistic Schrödinger Equation in “Quasi-ClassicalTheory. Foundations of Physics 17 (2):123-147.score: 60.0
    The author has recently proposed a “quasi-classicaltheory of particles and interactions in which particles are pictured as extended periodic disturbances in a universal field χ(x, t), interacting with each other via nonlinearity in the equation of motion for χ. The present paper explores the relationship of this theory to nonrelativistic quantum mechanics; as a first step, it is shown how it is possible to construct from χ a configuration-space wave function Ψ(x 1,x 2,t), and that the (...)
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  9. G. Robert Grice, Laraine Masters & David L. Kohfeld (1966). Classical Conditioning Without Discrimination Training: A Test of the Generalization Theory of CS Intensity Effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):510.score: 60.0
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  10. Tomas Georg Hellström (2011). Aesthetic Creativity: Insights From Classical Literary Theory on Creative Learning. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (4):321-335.score: 57.0
    This paper addresses the subject of textual creativity by drawing on work done in classical literary theory and criticism, specifically new criticism, structuralism and early poststructuralism. The question of how readers and writers engage creatively with the text is closely related to educational concerns, though they are often thought of as separate disciplines. Modern literary theory in many ways collapses this distinction in its concern for how literariness is achieved and, specifically, how ‘literary quality’ is accomplished in (...)
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  11. Graham Parsons (2013). What is the Classical Theory of Just Cause? A Response to Reichberg. Journal of Military Ethics 12 (4):357-369.score: 57.0
    Gregory Reichberg’s argument against my reading of the classical just war theorists falsely assumes that if just cause is unilateral, then there is no moral equality of combatants. This assumption is plausible if we assume an individualist framework. However, the classical theorists accepted quasi-Aristotelian, communitarian social ontologies and theories of justice. For them, the political community is ontologically and morally prior to the private individual. The classical just war theorists build their theories within this framework. They argue (...)
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  12. V. I. Danilov & A. Lambert-Mogiliansky (2010). Expected Utility Theory Under Non-Classical Uncertainty. Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):25-47.score: 57.0
    In this article, Savage’s theory of decision-making under uncertainty is extended from a classical environment into a non-classical one. The Boolean lattice of events is replaced by an arbitrary ortho-complemented poset. We formulate the corresponding axioms and provide representation theorems for qualitative measures and expected utility. Then, we discuss the issue of beliefs updating and investigate a transition probability model. An application to a simple game context is proposed.
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  13. Piergiorgio Odifreddi (1989). Classical Recursion Theory: The Theory of Functions and Sets of Natural Numbers. Sole Distributors for the Usa and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..score: 57.0
    Volume II of Classical Recursion Theory describes the universe from a local (bottom-up or synthetical) point of view, and covers the whole spectrum, from the recursive to the arithmetical sets. The first half of the book provides a detailed picture of the computable sets from the perspective of Theoretical Computer Science. Besides giving a detailed description of the theories of abstract Complexity Theory and of Inductive Inference, it contributes a uniform picture of the most basic complexity classes, (...)
     
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  14. Andrei Khrennikov (2011). Prequantum Classical Statistical Field Theory: Schrödinger Dynamics of Entangled Systems as a Classical Stochastic Process. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 41 (3):317-329.score: 54.0
    The idea that quantum randomness can be reduced to randomness of classical fields (fluctuating at time and space scales which are essentially finer than scales approachable in modern quantum experiments) is rather old. Various models have been proposed, e.g., stochastic electrodynamics or the semiclassical model. Recently a new model, so called prequantum classical statistical field theory (PCSFT), was developed. By this model a “quantum system” is just a label for (so to say “prequantum”) classical random field. (...)
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  15. Beate Jahn (ed.) (2006). Classical Theory in International Relations. Cambridge University Press.score: 52.0
    Classical political theorists such as Thucydides, Kant, Rousseau, Smith, Hegel, Grotius, Mill, Locke and Clausewitz are often employed to explain and justify contemporary international politics and are seen to constitute the different schools of thought in the discipline. However, traditional interpretations frequently ignore the intellectual and historical context in which these thinkers were writing as well as the lineages through which they came to be appropriated in International Relations. This collection of essays provides alternative interpretations sensitive to these political (...)
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  16. Craig Calhoun (1989). Classical Social Theory and the French Revolution of 1848. Sociological Theory 7 (2):210-225.score: 51.0
    Three of the classic "founding fathers" of sociology (Comte, Marx and Tocqueville) were contemporary observers of the French Revolution of 1848. In addition, another important theoretical tradition was represented in contemporary observations of 1848 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. The present paper summarizes aspects of the views of these theoretically minded observers, notes some points at which more recent historical research suggests revisions to these classical views, and poses three arguments: (1) The revolution of 1848 exerted a direct shaping influence on (...)
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  17. Joseph Agassi, Fundamenta Scientiae, 9, 1988, 189-202 (Slightly Revised) Neo-Classical Economics as 18th Century Theory Of.score: 51.0
    1. The Real Claim of the Chicago School If anything dramatic has happened in economic theory over the last one hundred years – namely, since the advent of marginalism – then, everyone agrees, it was not the rise of the Chicago neo -classical school which, after all, only synthesized the various versions of marginalism, but the Keynesian Revolution. Assessments of this revolution were repeatedly invited, particularly by opponent, chiefly from Chicago. F. A. von Hayek has explicitly and bitterly (...)
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  18. John Levi Martin (1998). Authoritative Knowledge and Heteronomy in Classical Sociological Theory. Sociological Theory 16 (2):99-130.score: 51.0
    This article traces the impact of philosophical questions regarding the grounds of moral autonomy and heteronomy (rule-from-another as opposed to rule-from-oneself) on classical sociological theory, arguing that both Weber and Durkheim understood sociology to have a contribution to make in the debate with Kant over the grounds of ethical action. Both insisted that the only possible ethical action was one within the bounds of rational knowledge that was inherently authoritative, but this sat uneasily with their focus on the (...)
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  19. Solomon Feferman, The Proof Theory of Classical and Constructive Inductive Definitions. A 40 Year Saga, 1968-2008.score: 49.0
    1. Pohlers and The Problem. I first met Wolfram Pohlers at a workshop on proof theory organized by Walter Felscher that was held in Tübingen in early April, 1973. Among others at that workshop relevant to the work surveyed here were Kurt Schütte, Wolfram’s teacher in Munich, and Wolfram’s fellow student Wilfried Buchholz. This is not meant to slight in the least the many other fine logicians who participated there.2 In Tübingen I gave a couple of survey lectures (...)
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  20. Erik Curiel, Classical Mechanics is Lagrangian; It is Not Hamiltonian; the Semantics of Physical Theory is Not Semantical.score: 48.0
    One can (for the most part) formulate a model of a classical system in either the Lagrangian or the Hamiltonian framework. Though it is often thought that those two formulations are equivalent in all important ways, this is not true: the underlying geometrical structures one uses to formulate each theory are not isomorphic. This raises the question whether one of the two is a more natural framework for the representation of classical systems. In the event, the answer (...)
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  21. Edward Feser (2010). Classical Natural Law Theory, Property Rights, and Taxation. Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):21-52.score: 48.0
    Classical natural law theory derives moral conclusions from the essentialist and teleological understanding of nature enshrined in classical metaphysics. The paper argues that this understanding of nature is as defensible today as it was in the days of Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and Aquinas. It then shows how a natural law theory of the grounds and content of our moral obligations follows from this understanding of nature, and how a doctrine of natural rights follows in turn from (...)
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  22. Kirk Ludwig & Susan Schneider (2008). Fodor's Challenge to the Classical Computational Theory of Mind. Mind and Language 23 (1):123–143.score: 48.0
    In The Mind Doesn’t Work that Way, Jerry Fodor argues that mental representations have context sensitive features relevant to cognition, and that, therefore, the Classical Computational Theory of Mind (CTM) is mistaken. We call this the Globality Argument. This is an in principle argument against CTM. We argue that it is self-defeating. We consider an alternative argument constructed from materials in the discussion, which avoids the pitfalls of the official argument. We argue that it is also unsound and (...)
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  23. Heinz Krüger (1993). Classical Limit of Real Dirac Theory: Quantization of Relativistic Central Field Orbits. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 23 (9):1265-1288.score: 48.0
    The classical limit of real Dirac theory is derived as the lowest-order contribution in $\mathchar'26\mkern-10mu\lambda = \hslash /mc$ of a new, exact polar decomposition. The resulting classical spinor equation is completely integrated for stationary solutions to arbitrary central fields. Imposing single-valuedness on the covering space of a bivector-valued extension to these classical solutions, orbital angular momentum, energy, and spin directions are quantized. The quantization of energy turns out to yield the WKB formula of Bessey, Uhlenbeck, and (...)
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  24. David Malament (2004). On the Time Reversal Invariance of Classical Electromagnetic Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 35 (2):295-315.score: 48.0
    David Albert claims that classical electromagnetic theory is not time reversal invariant. He acknowledges that all physics books say that it is, but claims they are ``simply wrong" because they rely on an incorrect account of how the time reversal operator acts on magnetic fields. On that account, electric fields are left intact by the operator, but magnetic fields are inverted. Albert sees no reason for the asymmetric treatment, and insists that neither field should be inverted. I argue, (...)
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  25. Craig J. Calhoun (ed.) (2007). Classical Sociological Theory. Blackwell Pub..score: 48.0
    This comprehensive collection of classical sociological theory is a definitive guide to the roots of sociology from its undisciplined beginnings to its current guideposts and reference points in contemporary sociological debate. A definitive guide to the roots of sociology through a collection of key writings from the founders of the discipline Explores influential works of Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Mead, Simmel, Freud, Du Bois, Adorno, Marcuse, Parsons, and Merton Editorial introductions lend historical and intellectual perspective to the substantial readings (...)
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  26. John T. Bruer (1982). The Classical Limit of Quantum Theory. Synthese 50 (2):167 - 212.score: 48.0
    Both physicists and philosophers claim that quantum mechanics reduces to classical mechanics as 0, that classical mechanics is a limiting case of quantum mechanics. If so, several formal and non-formal conditions must be satisfied. These conditions are satisfied in a reduction using the Wigner transformation to map quantum mechanics onto the classical phase plane. This reduction does not, however, assist in providing an adequate metaphysical interpretation of quantum theory.
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  27. David Malament (2006). Classical Relativity Theory. In Jeremy N. Butterfield & John Earman (eds.), Philosophy of Physics. Elsevier.score: 48.0
    This survey article is divided into two parts. In the first (section 2), I give a brief account of the structure of classical relativity theory. In the second (section 3), I discuss three special topics: (i) the status of the relative simultaneity relation in the context of Minkowski spacetime; (ii) the ``geometrized" version of Newtonian gravitation theory (also known as Newton-Cartan theory); and (iii) the possibility of recovering the global geometric structure of spacetime from its ``causal (...)
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  28. Timothy H. Boyer (2013). Contrasting Classical and Quantum Vacuum States in Non-Inertial Frames. Foundations of Physics 43 (8):923-947.score: 48.0
    Classical electron theory with classical electromagnetic zero-point radiation (stochastic electrodynamics) is the classical theory which most closely approximates quantum electrodynamics. Indeed, in inertial frames, there is a general connection between classical field theories with classical zero-point radiation and quantum field theories. However, this connection does not extend to noninertial frames where the time parameter is not a geodesic coordinate. Quantum field theory applies the canonical quantization procedure (depending on the local time coordinate) (...)
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  29. A. M. Grundland, J. A. Tuszyński & P. Winternitz (1993). Group Theory and Solutions of Classical Field Theories with Polynomial Nonlinearities. Foundations of Physics 23 (4):633-665.score: 48.0
    In this paper we investigate a number of analytical solutions to the polynomial class of nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations in multidimensional spacetime. This is done in the context of classical φ4 and φ6 field theory, the former with and without the inclusion of an external force field conjugate to φ. Both massive (m≠0) and massless (m=0) cases are considered, as well as tachyonic solutions allowed (v>c). We first present a complete set of translationally invariant solutions for the φ4 model (...)
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  30. Zbigniew Oziewicz (1994). Classical Field Theory and Analogy Between Newton's and Maxwell's Equations. Foundations of Physics 24 (10):1379-1402.score: 48.0
    A bivertical classical field theory includes the Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell's electromagnetic field theory as the special cases. This unification allows one to recognize the formal analogies among Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell's electrodynamics.
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  31. A. Carati & L. Galgani (2001). Theory of Dynamical Systems and the Relations Between Classical and Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 31 (1):69-87.score: 48.0
    We give a review of some works where it is shown that certain quantum-like features are exhibited by classical systems. Two kinds of problems are considered. The first one concerns the specific heat of crystals (the so called Fermi–Pasta–Ulam problem), where a glassy behavior is observed, and the energy distribution is found to be of Planck-like type. The second kind of problems concerns the self-interaction of a charged particle with the electromagnetic field, where an analog of the tunnel effect (...)
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  32. J. Glimm & D. H. Sharp (1986). AnS Matrix Theory for Classical Nonlinear Physics. Foundations of Physics 16 (2):125-141.score: 48.0
    The basic concepts appropriate for anS matrix theory for classical nonlinear physics are formulated here. These concepts are illustrated by a discussion of shock wave diffraction patterns. Other information concerning solutions of non-linear conservation laws is surveyed, so that a coherent picture of this theory can be seen. Within thisS matrix framework, a number of open problems as well as a few solved ones will be discussed.
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  33. Douglas Kellner, Engels, Modernity, and Classical Social Theory.score: 48.0
    Frederick Engels and Karl Marx were among the first to develop systematic perspectives on modern societies and to produce a critical discourse on modernity, thus inaugurating the problematic of modern social theory. In most of the narratives of classical social theory, Marx alone is usually cited as one of the major founders of the problematic, while Engels is neglected. It is Marx who is usually credited as one of the first to develop a theory of modernity (...)
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  34. L. De la Peña & A. M. Cetto (1975). Stochastic Theory for Classical and Quantum Mechanical Systems. Foundations of Physics 5 (2):355-370.score: 48.0
    We formulate from first principles a theory of stochastic processes in configuration space. The fundamental equations of the theory are an equation of motion which generalizes Newton's second law and an equation which expresses the condition of conservation of matter. Two types of stochastic motion are possible, both described by the same general equations, but leading in one case to classical Brownian motion behavior and in the other to quantum mechanical behavior. The Schrödinger equation, which is derived (...)
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  35. Dimiter Vakarelov (2006). Non-Classical Negation in the Works of Helena Rasiowa and Their Impact on the Theory of Negation. Studia Logica 84 (1):105 - 127.score: 48.0
    The paper is devoted to the contributions of Helena Rasiowa to the theory of non-classical negation. The main results of Rasiowa in this area concerns–constructive logic with strong (Nelson) negation.
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  36. Sergio Hojman & L. C. Shepley (1986). Equivalent Lagrangians in Classical Field Theory. Foundations of Physics 16 (5):465-481.score: 48.0
    Two Lagrangians L and L′ are equivalent if the equations of motion derived from them have the same set of solutions. In that case, a matrix Λ may be defined which has the property that the trace of any analytic function of Λ is a constant of the motion. We extend this trace theorem to the case of classical field theory and discuss some of the implications for quantum theory and for procedures for finding equivalent Lagrangians.
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  37. Robert G. Hudson (1997). Classical Physics and Early Quantum Theory: A Legitimate Case of Theoretical Underdetermination. Synthese 110 (2):217-256.score: 48.0
    In 1912, Henri Poincaré published an argument which apparently shows that the hypothesis of quanta is both necessary and sufficient for the truth of Planck''s experimentally corroborated law describing the spectral distribution of radiant energy in a black body. In a recent paper, John Norton has reaffirmed the authority of Poincarés argument, setting it up as a paradigm case in which empirical data can be used to definitively rule out theoretical competitors to a given theoretical hypothesis. My goal is (...)
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  38. C. D'Antonl & P. Scanzano (1980). An Application of Information Theory: Longitudinal Measurability Bounds in Classical and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 10 (11-12):875-885.score: 48.0
    We examine the problem of the existence (in classical and/or quantum physics) of longitudinal limitations of measurability, defined as limitations preventing the measurement of a given quantity with arbitrarily high accuracy. We consider a measuring device as a generalized communication system, which enables us to use methods of information theory. As a direct consequence of the Shannon theorem on channel capacity, we obtain an inequality which limits the accuracy of a measurement in terms of the average power necessary (...)
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  39. Authur A. Frost (1975). Matrix Formulation of Special Relativity in Classical Mechanics and Electromagnetic Theory. Foundations of Physics 5 (4):619-641.score: 48.0
    The two-component spinor theory of van der Waerden is put into a convenient matrix notation. The mathematical relations among various types of matrices and the rule for forming covariant expressions are developed. Relativistic equations of classical mechanics and electricity and magnetism are expressed in this notation. In this formulation the distinction between time and space coordinates in the four-dimensional space-time continuum falls out naturally from the assumption that a four-vector is represented by a Hermitian matrix. The indefinite metric (...)
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  40. Brent Mundy (1989). Distant Action in Classical Electromagnetic Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (1):39-68.score: 48.0
    The standard mathematical apparatus of classical electromagnetic theory in Minkowski space-time allows an interpretation in terms of retarded distant action, as well as the standard field interpretation. This interpretation is here presented and defended as a scientifically significant alternative to the field theory, casting doubt upon the common view that classical electromagnetic theory provides scientific support for the physical existence of fields as fundamental entities. The various types of consideration normally thought to provide evidence for (...)
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  41. Charles E. Marske (1979). Freedom in Theory and Praxis: Classical Conceptions and Contemporary Implications. [REVIEW] Human Studies 4 (1):237 - 256.score: 48.0
    I have elaborated the classical Marxian and Durkheimian conceptions of human freedom to serve as a foundation for understanding contemporary interest in human freedom as well as its relationship to other modern desires, such as a sense of community or solidarity. There is obviously no agreement regarding the lessons to be drawn from this discussion on human freedom and its relationship to the forces of modernization. This is reflected in the paradox that modernization is seen by many as liberating, (...)
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  42. Michael Winterbottom (1974). Aldo Scaglione: The Classical Theory of Composition From its Origins to the Present: A Historical Survey. Pp. 447. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1972. Cloth, $15. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 24 (02):299-300.score: 48.0
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  43. M. W. Evans (1994). Classical Relativistic Theory of the Longitudinal Ghost Fields of Electromagnetism. Foundations of Physics 24 (12):1671-1688.score: 48.0
    The classical relativistic theory is developed of electric and magnetic fields in terms of boost and rotation generators, respectively, of the Lorentz group of space-time. This development shows that Minkowski geometry requires that there be threestates of polarization of radiation in free space. The magnetic components in a circular basis are right and left circular and longitudinal. The longitudinal component is real and physical, and proportional to one of the three, nonzero, rotation generators of the Lorentz group. The (...)
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  44. David Stapleton (1991). An Application of Functional Equations to the Analysis of the Invariance Identities of Classical Gauge Field Theory. Foundations of Physics 21 (8):905-929.score: 48.0
    The equations of motion for a particle in a classical gauge field are derived from the invariance identities 2 and basic assumptions about the Lagrangian. They are found to be consistent with the equations of some other approaches to classical gauge-field theory, and are expressed in terms of a set of undetermined functions Eα. The functions Eα are found to satisfy a system of differential equations which has the same formal structure as a system of equations from (...)
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  45. Julian B. Barbour (1994). The Timelessness of Quantum Gravity: I. The Evidence From the Classical Theory. Classical and Quantum Gravity 11:2853--73.score: 48.0
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  46. Rogers Brubaker (1985). Rethinking Classical Theory. Theory and Society 14 (6):745-775.score: 48.0
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  47. Ian Craib (1997). Classical Social Theory. OUP Oxford.score: 48.0
    Ian Craib compellingly shows the value of studying classic thinkers such as Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel alongside the more popular contemporary questions. Providing an account of the key ideas of classical social theory, Dr Craib establishes their relevance today, their enduring significance, and their contribution to understanding contemporary problems. -/- Written in a direct, personal style, Classical Social Theory's thematic structure helps the reader compare the theorists systematically, and the book-by-book approach pays close attention to (...)
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  48. Arief Daynes (2000). A Strictly Finitary Non-Triviality Proof for a Paraconsistent System of Set Theory Deductively Equivalent to Classical ZFC Minus Foundation. Archive for Mathematical Logic 39 (8):581-598.score: 48.0
    The paraconsistent system CPQ-ZFC/F is defined. It is shown using strong non-finitary methods that the theorems of CPQ-ZFC/F are exactly the theorems of classical ZFC minus foundation. The proof presented in the paper uses the assumption that a strongly inaccessible cardinal exists. It is then shown using strictly finitary methods that CPQ-ZFC/F is non-trivial. CPQ-ZFC/F thus provides a formulation of set theory that has the same deductive power as the corresponding classical system but is more reliable in (...)
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  49. Matthew Wilks Keefer (2006). A Critical Comparison of Classical and Domain Theory: Some Implications for Character Education. Journal of Moral Education 35 (3):369-386.score: 48.0
    Contemporary approaches to moral education are influenced by the ?domain theory? approach to understanding moral development (Turiel, 1983; 1998; Nucci, 2001). Domain theory holds there are distinct conventional, personal and moral domains; each constituting a cognitive ?structured?whole? with its own normative source and sphere of influence. One of the strengths of domain theory is that separating convention from morality and distinguishing morality from self?interest provides a conceptual critique of both conventional values and the pursuit of self?interest. Relying (...)
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  50. Jean-Louis Krivine (2001). Typed Lambda-Calculus in Classical Zermelo-Frænkel Set Theory. Archive for Mathematical Logic 40 (3):189-205.score: 48.0
    , which uses the intuitionistic propositional calculus, with the only connective →. It is very important, because the well known Curry-Howard correspondence between proofs and programs was originally discovered with it, and because it enjoys the normalization property: every typed term is strongly normalizable. It was extended to second order intuitionistic logic, in 1970, by J.-Y. Girard [4], under the name of system F, still with the normalization property.More recently, in 1990, the Curry-Howard correspondence was extended to classical logic, (...)
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