Search results for 'classical theory' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
See also:
  1.  15
    Eric Margolis (1994). A Reassessment of the Shift From the Classical Theory of Concepts to Prototype Theory. Cognition 51 (1):73-89.
    A standard view within psychology is that there have been two important shifts in the study of concepts and that each has led to some improvements. The first shift was from the classical theory of concepts to probabilistic theories, including the prototype theory. The second shift was from probabilistic theories to theory-based theories. In this article, I critically evaluate the view that the first shift was a major advance and argue that the prototype theory suffers (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  2.  50
    Don Ross (2008). Classical Game Theory, Socialization and the Rationalization of Conventions. Topoi 27 (1-2):57-72.
    The paper begins by providing a game-theoretic reconstruction of Gilbert’s (1989) philosophical critique of Lewis (1969) on the role of salience in selecting conventions. Gilbert’s insight is reformulated thus: Nash equilibrium is insufficiently powerful as a solution concept to rationalize conventions for unboundedly rational agents if conventions are solutions to the kinds of games Lewis supposes. Both refinements to NE and appeals to bounded rationality can plug this gap, but lack generality. As Binmore (this issue) argues, evolutive game theory (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  3.  14
    Timothy H. Boyer (2010). Blackbody Radiation and the Scaling Symmetry of Relativistic Classical Electron Theory with Classical Electromagnetic Zero-Point Radiation. Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1102-1116.
    It is pointed out that relativistic classical electron theory with classical electromagnetic zero-point radiation has a scaling symmetry which is suitable for understanding the equilibrium behavior of classical thermal radiation at a spectrum other than the Rayleigh-Jeans spectrum. In relativistic classical electron theory, the masses of the particles are the only scale-giving parameters associated with mechanics while the action-angle variables are scale invariant. The theory thus separates the interaction of the action variables of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Mehmet Karabela (2011). The Development of Dialectic and Argumentation Theory in Post-Classical Islamic Intellectual History. Dissertation, McGill University
    This dissertation is an analysis of the development of dialectic and argumentation theory in post-classical Islamic intellectual history. The central concerns of the thesis are; treatises on the theoretical understanding of the concept of dialectic and argumentation theory, and how, in practice, the concept of dialectic, as expressed in the Greek classical tradition, was received and used by five communities in the Islamic intellectual camp. It shows how dialectic as an argumentative discourse diffused into five communities (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  30
    W. S. Cooper (1989). How Evolutionary Biology Challenges the Classical Theory of Rational Choice. Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):457-481.
    A fundamental philosophical question that arises in connection with evolutionary theory is whether the fittest patterns of behavior are always the most rational. Are fitness and rationality fully compatible? When behavioral rationality is characterized formally as in classical decision theory, the question becomes mathematically meaningful and can be explored systematically by investigating whether the optimally fit behavior predicted by evolutionary process models is decision-theoretically coherent. Upon investigation, it appears that in nontrivial evolutionary models the expected behavior is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  6.  17
    Storrs McCall (1970). A Non-Classical Theory of Truth, with an Application to Intuitionism. American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (1):83 - 88.
    Any "classical" theory of truth will satisfy tarski's criterion ("p" is true if and only if p), And the principle of bivalence (every proposition is either true or false). A non-Classical theory may be obtained by rejecting these principles: - in fact it is shown that rejection of the second entails rejection of the first. If the resulting non-Classical theory is formalized, A system structurally isomorphic to either s4 or s5 is obtained. An attempt (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  23
    Peter Novak (1998). Logic and the Classical Theory of Mind. Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (4):389-434.
    I extract several common assumptions in the Classical Theory of Mind (CTM) - mainly of Locke and Descartes - and work out a partial formalisation of the logic implicit in CTM. I then define the modal (logical) properties and relations of propositions, including the modality of conditional propositions and the validity of argument, according to the principles of CTM: that is, in terms of clear and distinct ideas, and without any reference to either possible worlds, or deducibility in (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  9
    J. W. G. Wignall (1987). The Nonrelativistic Schrödinger Equation in “Quasi-ClassicalTheory. Foundations of Physics 17 (2):123-147.
    The author has recently proposed a “quasi-classicaltheory of particles and interactions in which particles are pictured as extended periodic disturbances in a universal field χ(x, t), interacting with each other via nonlinearity in the equation of motion for χ. The present paper explores the relationship of this theory to nonrelativistic quantum mechanics; as a first step, it is shown how it is possible to construct from χ a configuration-space wave function Ψ(x 1,x 2,t), and that the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  2
    William Tait (1995). Extensional Equality in the Classical Theory of Types. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 3:219-234.
    The classical theory of types in question is essentially the theory of Martin-Löf [1] but with the law of double negation elimination. I am ultimately interested in the theory of types as a framework for the foundations of mathematics and, for this purpose, we need to consider extensions of the theory obtained by adding ‘well-ordered types,’ for example the type N of the finite ordinals; but the unextended theory will suffice to illustrate the treatment (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  7
    Graham Parsons (2013). What is the Classical Theory of Just Cause? A Response to Reichberg. Journal of Military Ethics 12 (4):357-369.
    Gregory Reichberg’s argument against my reading of the classical just war theorists falsely assumes that if just cause is unilateral, then there is no moral equality of combatants. This assumption is plausible if we assume an individualist framework. However, the classical theorists accepted quasi-Aristotelian, communitarian social ontologies and theories of justice. For them, the political community is ontologically and morally prior to the private individual. The classical just war theorists build their theories within this framework. They argue (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Ave Mets (2013). Measurement Theory, Nomological Machine And Measurement Uncertainties (In Classical Physics). Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):167-186.
    Measurement is said to be the basis of exact sciences as the process of assigning numbers to matter (things or their attributes), thus making it possible to apply the mathematically formulated laws of nature to the empirical world. Mathematics and empiria are best accorded to each other in laboratory experiments which function as what Nancy Cartwright calls nomological machine: an arrangement generating (mathematical) regularities. On the basis of accounts of measurement errors and uncertainties, I will argue for two claims: 1) (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  12. G. Robert Grice, Laraine Masters & David L. Kohfeld (1966). Classical Conditioning Without Discrimination Training: A Test of the Generalization Theory of CS Intensity Effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):510.
  13.  3
    Piergiorgio Odifreddi (1989). Classical Recursion Theory: The Theory of Functions and Sets of Natural Numbers. Sole Distributors for the Usa and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..
    Volume II of Classical Recursion Theory describes the universe from a local (bottom-up or synthetical) point of view, and covers the whole spectrum, from the recursive to the arithmetical sets. The first half of the book provides a detailed picture of the computable sets from the perspective of Theoretical Computer Science. Besides giving a detailed description of the theories of abstract Complexity Theory and of Inductive Inference, it contributes a uniform picture of the most basic complexity classes, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   29 citations  
  14.  22
    V. I. Danilov & A. Lambert-Mogiliansky (2010). Expected Utility Theory Under Non-Classical Uncertainty. Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):25-47.
    In this article, Savage’s theory of decision-making under uncertainty is extended from a classical environment into a non-classical one. The Boolean lattice of events is replaced by an arbitrary ortho-complemented poset. We formulate the corresponding axioms and provide representation theorems for qualitative measures and expected utility. Then, we discuss the issue of beliefs updating and investigate a transition probability model. An application to a simple game context is proposed.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  15.  47
    Tomas Georg Hellström (2011). Aesthetic Creativity: Insights From Classical Literary Theory on Creative Learning. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (4):321-335.
    This paper addresses the subject of textual creativity by drawing on work done in classical literary theory and criticism, specifically new criticism, structuralism and early poststructuralism. The question of how readers and writers engage creatively with the text is closely related to educational concerns, though they are often thought of as separate disciplines. Modern literary theory in many ways collapses this distinction in its concern for how literariness is achieved and, specifically, how ‘literary quality’ is accomplished in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  24
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2001). Peter Novak, Mental Symbols: A Defence of the Classical Theory of Mind. Studies in Cognitive Systems 19, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997, XXII + 266 Pp., $114.00, ISBN 0-7923-4370-. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 11 (1):148-150.
  17.  66
    David Ellerman, On Classical Finite Probability Theory as a Quantum Probability Calculus.
    This paper shows how the classical finite probability theory (with equiprobable outcomes) can be reinterpreted and recast as the quantum probability calculus of a pedagogical or "toy" model of quantum mechanics over sets (QM/sets). There are two parts. The notion of an "event" is reinterpreted from being an epistemological state of indefiniteness to being an objective state of indefiniteness. And the mathematical framework of finite probability theory is recast as the quantum probability calculus for QM/sets. The point (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  9
    Rogers Brubaker (1985). Rethinking Classical Theory. Theory and Society 14 (6):745-775.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  19. Julian B. Barbour (1994). The Timelessness of Quantum Gravity: I. The Evidence From the Classical Theory. Classical and Quantum Gravity 11:2853--73.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  20.  24
    Andrei Khrennikov (2011). Prequantum Classical Statistical Field Theory: Schrödinger Dynamics of Entangled Systems as a Classical Stochastic Process. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 41 (3):317-329.
    The idea that quantum randomness can be reduced to randomness of classical fields (fluctuating at time and space scales which are essentially finer than scales approachable in modern quantum experiments) is rather old. Various models have been proposed, e.g., stochastic electrodynamics or the semiclassical model. Recently a new model, so called prequantum classical statistical field theory (PCSFT), was developed. By this model a “quantum system” is just a label for (so to say “prequantum”) classical random field. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  4
    Pablo Lorenzano (2000). Classical Genetics and the Theory-Net of Genetics. In Joseph D. Sneed, Wolfgang Balzer & C.-Ulises Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples. Rodopi 75--251.
    This article presents a reconstruction of the so-called classical, formal or Mendelian genetics, which is intended to be more complete and adequate than existing reconstructions. This reconstruction has been carried out with the instruments, duly modified and extended with respect to the case under consideration, of the structuralist conception of theories. The so-called Mendel’s Laws, as well as linkage genetics and gene mapping are formulated in a precise manner while the global structure of genetics is represented as a (...)-net. These results are of methodological, philosophical and didactical relevance. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  7
    Michael Winterbottom (1974). Aldo Scaglione: The Classical Theory of Composition From its Origins to the Present: A Historical Survey. Pp. 447. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1972. Cloth, $15. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 24 (02):299-300.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Annette Dufner (2014). Contrasting Mill and Sidgwick. A Development Analysis of the Value Theory of Classical Utilitarianism. Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 39 (2):173-193.
    This paper points out a number of long-standing objections to Mill’s theory of the good and shows how exactly Sidgwick’s more detailed approach can avoid these pitfalls. In particular, critics have always insisted that (i) Mill’s "proof" of utilitarianism represents a naturalistic fallacy, and that (ii) his qualitative hedonism is inconsistent. Sidgwick’s "ideal element" of the good allows him to avoid these charges, and sheds new light on the assumption that the 'hedonism' of classical utilitarianism is a purely (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  43
    Beate Jahn (ed.) (2006). Classical Theory in International Relations. Cambridge University Press.
    Classical political theorists such as Thucydides, Kant, Rousseau, Smith, Hegel, Grotius, Mill, Locke and Clausewitz are often employed to explain and justify contemporary international politics and are seen to constitute the different schools of thought in the discipline. However, traditional interpretations frequently ignore the intellectual and historical context in which these thinkers were writing as well as the lineages through which they came to be appropriated in International Relations. This collection of essays provides alternative interpretations sensitive to these political (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  67
    Panu Raatikainen (2013). Classical Theory of Concepts. In Pashler Harold (ed.), Encyclopedia of the mind. SAGE Publications Vol. 3, pp. 151-154.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. John Levi Martin (1998). Authoritative Knowledge and Heteronomy in Classical Sociological Theory. Sociological Theory 16 (2):99-130.
    This article traces the impact of philosophical questions regarding the grounds of moral autonomy and heteronomy (rule-from-another as opposed to rule-from-oneself) on classical sociological theory, arguing that both Weber and Durkheim understood sociology to have a contribution to make in the debate with Kant over the grounds of ethical action. Both insisted that the only possible ethical action was one within the bounds of rational knowledge that was inherently authoritative, but this sat uneasily with their focus on the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  78
    Louis Green (1990). Galvano Fiamma, Azzone Visconti and the Revival of the Classical Theory of Magnificence. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 53:98-113.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  23
    Daniel D. Novotný (2008). Forty-Two Years After Suárez. Mastri and Belluto's Development of the «Classical» Theory of Entia Rationis. Quaestio 8 (1):473-498.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Quentin Skinner (2004). Hobbes and the Classical Theory of Laughter. In Tom Sorell & Luc Foisneau (eds.), Leviathan After 350 Years. Oxford University Press 139--166.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. John Finnis (2002). Natural Law: The Classical Theory. In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. OUP Oxford
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  31.  15
    John Bigelow & Laura Schroeter, Jackson's Classical Theory of Meaning.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. J. Lépinoux & C. Sigli (2013). Precipitate Growth in Concentrated Binary Alloys: A Comparison Between Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations, Cluster Dynamics and the Classical Theory. Philosophical Magazine 93 (23):3194-3215.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33.  58
    Craig Calhoun (1989). Classical Social Theory and the French Revolution of 1848. Sociological Theory 7 (2):210-225.
    Three of the classic "founding fathers" of sociology (Comte, Marx and Tocqueville) were contemporary observers of the French Revolution of 1848. In addition, another important theoretical tradition was represented in contemporary observations of 1848 by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. The present paper summarizes aspects of the views of these theoretically minded observers, notes some points at which more recent historical research suggests revisions to these classical views, and poses three arguments: (1) The revolution of 1848 exerted a direct shaping influence on (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  1
    Henry M. Leicester (1962). Istoriya Klassicheskoi Teorii Khimicheskogo Stroeniya. [The History of the Classical Theory of Chemical Structure]G. V. Bykov. [REVIEW] Isis 53 (2):268-269.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  35
    Dennis Earl, The Classical Theory of Concepts. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  36.  9
    Edward Walter (1990). Keynesian Economic Theory .And the Revival of Classical Theory. Social Philosophy Today 4:99-121.
  37.  2
    Edward Walter (1990). Keynesian Economic Theory.And the Revival of Classical Theory. Social Philosophy Today 4:99-121.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  3
    Adolph Lowe (1984). The Classical Theory of Economic Growth. Social Research 51.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Peter Novak (1997). Mental Symbols a Defence of the Classical Theory of Mind.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  8
    James King (1981). Hume's Classical Theory of Justice. Hume Studies 7 (1):32-54.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  13
    Joseph Agassi, Fundamenta Scientiae, 9, 1988, 189-202 (Slightly Revised) Neo-Classical Economics as 18th Century Theory Of.
    1. The Real Claim of the Chicago School If anything dramatic has happened in economic theory over the last one hundred years – namely, since the advent of marginalism – then, everyone agrees, it was not the rise of the Chicago neo -classical school which, after all, only synthesized the various versions of marginalism, but the Keynesian Revolution. Assessments of this revolution were repeatedly invited, particularly by opponent, chiefly from Chicago. F. A. von Hayek has explicitly and bitterly (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  4
    Brent J. Steele (2011). Revisiting Classical Functional Theory: Towards a Twenty-First Century Micro-Politics. Journal of International Political Theory 7 (1):16-39.
    This paper returns to some themes found in David Mitrany's classical ‘functionalist’ approach to international politics, in order to reconstruct practical principles that might be applied to contemporary politics as well as debates in International Relations and international political theory. It attempts to do this through two moves – ‘restoration’ and ‘contemporary reconstruction’. In restoring some of the insights Mitrany provides us that have been somewhat obscured over time, the paper hopes to demonstrate the ‘function’ behind functionalism – (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Arnold Koslow (1976). Ontological and Ideological Issues of the Classical Theory of Space and Time. In Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.), Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press 224--263.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  44.  2
    R. F. Hathaway & L. D. Houlgate (1969). The Platonic Minos and the Classical Theory of Natural Law. American Journal of Jurisprudence 14 (1):105-115.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Constantine Cavarnos (1975). The Classical Theory of Relations a Study in the Metaphysics of Plato, Aristotle, and Thomism.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Mazen Maurice Guirguis (1998). Peter Novak, Mental Symbols: A Defense of the Classical Theory of Mind Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 18 (2):139-141.
  47. Stephen L. Mills (1989). Connectionism, the Classical Theory of Cognition, and the Hundred Step Constraint. Acta Analytica 4 (4):5-38.
  48. A. Pampapathy Rao (1970). Classical Theory of First Order Logic. Simla,Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Dan Sperber (1986). Salvaging Parts of the “Classical Theory” of Categorization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):668.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. R. Srivastava (2002). Mill's Classical Theory of Democracy. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 29 (2/3):237-252.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000