Search results for 'collective responsibility' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Linda Radzik (2001). Collective Responsibility and Duties to Respond. Social Theory and Practice 27 (3):455-471.score: 240.0
    This paper defends the claim that collective responsibility can be based on group membership. It argues that collective responsibility is best understood in terms of duties to respond to the victims of collective crimes. Reasonable fear on the part of the victimized groups creates duties to respond for members of the perpetrating group. This account does a better job of capturing our intuitions about actual cases and the phenomenology of collective responsibility than other (...)
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  2. Ton Van Den Beld (2002). Can Collective Responsibility for Perpetrated Evil Persist Over Generations? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (2):181-200.score: 240.0
    In the first part of the paper an argument is developed to the effect that (1) there is no moral ground for individual persons to feel responsible for or guilty about crimes of their group to which they have in no way contributed; and (2) since there is no irreducibly collective responsibility nor guilt at any time, there is no question of them persisting over time. In the second part it is argued that there is nevertheless sufficient reason (...)
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  3. Uwe Steinhoff, A Critique of David Miller's Like Minded Group and Cooperative Practice Models of Collective Responsibility.score: 240.0
    Many authors writing about global justice seem to take national responsibility more or less for granted. Most of them, however, offer very little argument for their position. One of the few exceptions is David Miller. He offers two models of collective responsibility: the like-minded group model and the cooperative practice model. While some authors have criticized whether these two models are applicable to nations, as Miller intends, my criticism is more radical: I argue that these two models (...)
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  4. Endre Begby (2012). Collective Responsibility for Unjust Wars. POLITICS 32 (2):100-108.score: 240.0
    This article argues against Anna Stilz's recent attempt to solve the problem of citizens' collective responsibility in democratic states. I show that her solution could only apply to state actions that are (in legal terminology) unjustified but excusable. Stilz's marquee case – the 2003 invasion of Iraq – does not, I will argue, fit this bill; nor, in all likelihood, does any other case in recorded history. Thus, this article concludes, we may allow that Stilz's argument offers a (...)
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  5. Marion Smiley (2010). &Quot;from Moral Agency to Collective Wrongs: Re-Thinking Collective Moral Responsibility&Quot;. Journal of Law and Policy (1):171-202.score: 210.0
    This essay argues that while the notion of collective responsibiility is incoherent if it is taken to be an application of the Kantian model of moral responsibility to groups, it is coherent -- and important -- if formulated in terms of the moral reactions that we can have to groups that cause harm in the world. I formulate collective responsibility as such and in doing so refocus attention from intentionality to the production of harm.
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  6. Marion Smiley, Collective Responsibility. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 210.0
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  7. Andras Szigeti (2014). Collective Responsibility and Group-Control. In Julie Zahle & Finn Collin (eds.), Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate. Springer. 97-116.score: 210.0
  8. Jan Narveson (2002). Collective Responsibility. Journal of Ethics 6 (2):179-198.score: 204.0
    The basic bearer of responsibility is individuals, because that isall there are – nothing else can literally be the bearer of fullresponsibility. Claims about group responsibility therefore needanalysis. This would be impossible if all actions must be understoodas ones that could be performed whether or not anyone else exists.Individuals often act by virtue of membership in certain groups;often such membership bears a causal role in our behavior, andsometimes people act deliberately in order to promote the prospectsof members of (...)
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  9. Andras Szigeti (2013). Are Individualist Accounts of Collective Responsibility Morally Deficient? In A. Konzelmann Ziv & H. B. Schmid (eds.), Institutions, Emotions, and Group Agents. Springer. 329-342.score: 186.0
    Individualists hold that moral responsibility can be ascribed to single human beings only. An important collectivist objection is that individualism is morally deficient because it leaves a normative residue. Without attributing responsibility to collectives there remains a “deficit in the accounting books” (Pettit). This collectivist strategy often uses judgment aggregation paradoxes to show that the collective can be responsible when no individual is. I argue that we do not need collectivism to handle such cases because the individualist (...)
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  10. Deborah Perron Tollefsen (2003). Participant Reactive Attitudes and Collective Responsibility. Philosophical Explorations 6 (3):218 – 234.score: 180.0
    The debate surrounding the issue of collective moral responsibility is often steeped in metaphysical issues of agency and personhood. I suggest that we can approach the metaphysical problems surrounding the issue of collective responsibility in a roundabout manner. My approach is reminiscent of that taken by P.F. Strawson in "Freedom and Resentment" (1968). Strawson argues that the participant reactive attitudes - attitudes like resentment, gratitude, forgiveness and so on - provide the justification for holding individuals morally (...)
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  11. Mark R. Reiff (2008). Terrorism, Retribution, and Collective Responsibility. Social Theory and Practice 34 (2):209-242.score: 180.0
    Terrorism is commonly viewed as a form of war, and as a form of war, the morality of terrorism seems to turn on the usual arguments regarding the furtherance of political objectives through coercive means. The terrorist argues that his options for armed struggle are limited, and that the use of force against civilians is the only way he can advance his cause. But this argument is subject to a powerful response. There is the argument from consequences, which asserts that (...)
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  12. Patricia Marino (2001). Moral Dilemmas, Collective Responsibility, and Moral Progress. Philosophical Studies 104 (2):203 - 225.score: 180.0
    Ruth Marcus has offered an account of moral dilemmas in which the presence of dilemmas acts as a motivating force, pushing us to try to minimize predicaments of moral conflict. In this paper, I defend a Marcus-style account of dilemmas against two objections: first, that if dilemmas are real, we are forced to blame those who have done their best, and second, that in some cases, even a stripped down version of blame seems inappropriate. My account highlights the importance of (...)
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  13. Roland Pierik (2008). Collective Responsibility and National Responsibility. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4):465-483.score: 180.0
    In his recent book, National responsibility and global justice, David Miller conceptualizes and justifies a model of national responsibility. His conceptualization proceeds in two steps: he starts by developing two models of collective responsibility, the like?minded group model and the cooperative practice model. He then proceeds to discuss national responsibility, a species of collective responsibility, and argues that nations have features such that the two models of collective responsibility also apply to (...)
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  14. Paul B. Thompson (1986). Collective Responsibility and Professional Roles. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (2):151 - 154.score: 180.0
    Flores and Johnson (Ethics 93 No. 3 (1983) pp. 537, 545.) offer a solution to the problem of individual and collective responsibility which obscures the fundamental requirement for responsibility ascriptions, namely, moral agency. Close attention to matters of individual and collective agency provides a simple yet defensible criterion for establishing when an individual is and isn't responsible for the untoward consequences of a collective act.
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  15. Michael Mckenna (2006). Collective Responsibility and an Agent Meaning Theory. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):16–34.score: 180.0
    The article presents the nature of shared intentions and collective responsibility in simultaneous discussion of individualism, which views that collective agents and shared intentions are to be analyzed in relation between individual agents who are members of the collectives. It discusses as well the agent meaning theory that states that an agent moves against the interpretive background of action evaluation shared by the agent and the moral community.
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  16. Janna Thompson (2006). Collective Responsibility for Historic Injustices. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):154–167.score: 180.0
    The article presents critical examination of theories about collective responsibility attempting to cover responsibility for historic injustices. The author will also try to establish the possibility of collective responsibility for the present members of the group to make recompense for the injustices committed by their ancestors depending on two factors expounded in the article.
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  17. James L. Muyskens (1982). Nurses' Collective Responsibility and the Strike Weapon. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):101-112.score: 180.0
    Among the collective as well as individual responsibilities of nurses as professionals is that of maintaining and improving the quality of nursing care. In exchange for monopoly status and professional authority to control nursing practice, the profession is charged with the responsibility of meeting the nursing care needs of the community. If one claims, as I do, that one of the collective responsibilities of nurses is maintenance of high nursing standards, we must examine what action is required (...)
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  18. Gregory Mellema (2006). Collective Responsibility and Qualifying Actions. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):168–175.score: 180.0
    The article presents the issues arising from the memberships of moral agents in collectives that have the burden of moral responsibility. Likewise, it examines the qualifying actions that qualify their membership including deliberate contribution, risk taking and others. It differentiates collective responsibility to shared responsibility.
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  19. R. S. Downie (1982). Collective Responsibility in Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):43-56.score: 180.0
    There is a widespread assumption that responsibility in health care is vested in the last resort in the individual doctor who is caring for a given patient. In the first section of this article I shall try to bring out the plausibility of this assumption, and examine the concept of collective responsibility which it allows. In the second and third sections I shall try to show the fatal weaknesses of the assumption in its unmodified form, and shall (...)
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  20. Gregory Mellema (1988). Causation, Foresight and Collective Responsibility. Analysis 48 (1):44 - 50.score: 180.0
    This essay identifies and examines three theses about collective responsibility which are frequently assumed or presupposed in philosophical discussions of collective responsibility. While the first thesis places constraints upon what counts as collective responsibility in a way which is plausible and defensible, It is argued that the constraints placed by theses two and three are unreasonably limiting.
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  21. Lisa H. Newton (1982). Collective Responsibility in Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):11-22.score: 180.0
    Traditional medical ethics, developed to apply to the contingencies of individual fee-for-service medical practice, do not always seem to speak to the problems of the new forms and locations of health care: the medical team, the hospital, the organized health-care profession, and the society as a whole as guarantor of all health care and education. It is the purpose of this issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy to articulate guidelines for describing and attributing responsibility for health care (...)
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  22. Cassie Striblen (2013). Collective Responsibility and the Narrative Self. Social Theory and Practice 39 (1):147-165.score: 180.0
    This essay advocates applying a “narrative” conception of the individual self to the problem of “collective responsibility.” Participants in the debate agree that groups are composed of individuals and that group responsibility must somehow mimic individual responsibility. However, participants do not begin from a neutral and unproblematic conception of the individual. So far, most participants have assumed standard models of the individual that may unduly bias their conclusions about different forms of group responsibility. I argue (...)
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  23. Dennis Weiser (1988). Two Concepts of Communication as Criteria for Collective Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (10):735 - 744.score: 180.0
    In part one I review the literature, exposing some of the ambiguities, contradictions, and antinomies involved in the notion of communication. The literature presents us with two rather contradictory notions of communication: one rhetorical, the other responsible. Disparity between the two may be seen to jeopardize a new moral mandate to corporate business. In part two I develop more explicitly the models of rhetorical and responsible communication, locating the issue at the center of a solution to the problem of (...) responsibility. A proper exercise of corporate moral responsibility, I argue, is compatible only with a model of responsible communication. I conclude by challenging top management to strive toward a goal of responsible communication at all levels in their respective corporate institutions. (shrink)
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  24. Andrew Ryder (2010). Sartre's Theater of Resistance: Les Mouches and the Deadlock of Collective Responsibility. Sartre Studies International 15 (2):78-95.score: 180.0
    Sartre's play Les Mouches ( The Flies ), first performed in 1943 under German occupation, has long been controversial. While intended to encourage resistance against the Nazis, its approval by the censor indicates that the regime did not recognize the play as a threat. Further, its apparently violent and solitary themes have been read as irresponsible or apolitical. For these reasons, the play has been characterized as ambiguous or worse. Sartre himself later saw it as overemphasizing individual autonomy, and in (...)
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  25. Markku Oksanen (2007). Species Extinction and Collective Responsibility. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:179-183.score: 180.0
    In this article I explore, from a philosophical perspective, what the responsibility for biodiversity means. Biodiversity is a peculiar thing because it consists of the variety of life in its all manifestations, that is, in all its forms, levels and combinations. Variation is a main characteristic of life on earth. Because of its vastness a collective has not only a right but also a duty to take responsibility for biodiversity conservation, and furthermore it has a prima facie (...)
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  26. Alice Maclachlan (forthcoming). Book Symposium / Tribune du Livre Isaacs, Tracy. Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts New York: Oxford University Press, 2011 Collective Roles, Responsibilities, and Relatings. Dialogue:1-10.score: 180.0
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  27. Burleigh Taylor Wilkins (1992). Terrorism and Collective Responsibility. Routledge.score: 180.0
    The terrorist threat remains a disturbing issue for the early 1990s. This book explores whether terrorism can ever be morally justifiable and if so under what circumstances. Professor Burleigh Taylor Wilkins suggests that the popular characterisation of terrorists as criminals fails to acknowledge the reasons why terrorists resort to violence. It is argued that terrorism cannot be adequately understood unless the collective responsibility of organised groups, such as political states, for wrongs allegedly done against the groups which the (...)
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  28. Steven Sverdlik (1987). Collective Responsibility. Philosophical Studies 51 (1):61 - 76.score: 174.0
    More than one person can be responsible for a particular state of affairs--In this sense collective moral responsibility does indeed exist. However, Even in such cases, Moral responsibility is still fundamentally individualized since each agent responsible for a particular state of affairs is responsible for his/her actions which have the intention of producing this state of affairs.
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  29. Seumas Miller (2004). Terrorism and Collective Responsibility. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (2):263-281.score: 174.0
    In this paper I consider the general view of terrorism put forward by Jan Narveson in his “Pacificism and Terrorism: Why We Should Condemn Both” and by Alan Rosenbaum in his “On Terrorism and the Just War: Some Philosophical Reflections.” This is the view that terrorism is morally indefensible. Contra Narveson and Rosenbaum, I argue that some forms of terrorism are morally defensible in some circumstances.In the first section of the paper I will discuss the definition of terrorism, including the (...)
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  30. Seumas Miller (1998). Collective Responsibility, Armed Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):223-238.score: 174.0
    In this paper I explore the notion of collective moral responsibility as it pertains both to nation-states contemplating humanitarian armed intervention in international social conflicts, and as it pertains to social groups perpetrating human rights violations in such conflicts. I take the Rwandan genocide as illustrative of such conflicts and make use of it accordingly. I offer an individualist account of collective moral responsibility, according to which collective moral responsibility is a species of joint (...)
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  31. David T. Risser, Collective Moral Responsibility. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 168.0
  32. Seumas Miller & Pekka Makela (2005). The Collectivist Approach to Collective Moral Responsibility. Metaphilosophy 36 (5):634-651.score: 168.0
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  33. David T. Risser (1978). Power and Collective Responsibility. Kinesis 9 (no. 2):23-33.score: 164.0
    This paper argues that organizations, such as corporations, can act and exercise power. This is possible because they possess decision making structures which are more or less formal. The actions of such organizations are not reducible to the actions of its individual members. Further, because these formal group agents could have acted differently or could have been organized to have acted differently, they are morally responsible for the untoward effects of the power they exercise. Morally responsible organizations are subject to (...)
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  34. David T. Risser (1985). Corporate Collective Responsibility. Washington University.score: 162.0
  35. Torbjorn Tannsjo (2007). The Myth of Innocence: On Collective Responsibility and Collective Punishment. Philosophical Papers 36 (2):295-314.score: 162.0
    Collectivities, just like individuals, exist, can act, bear responsibility for their acts and omissions, and be guilty. It sometimes makes sense to hold them responsible for what they do, or don't do, and to punish them for their misdeeds. With respect to many collectivities there is no practical purpose in holding them responsible, since there is no way that we can bring them to justice. But there are exceptions from this rule. In particular it is plausible to assume that (...)
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  36. Robert Sparrow (2000). History and Collective Responsibility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (3):346 – 359.score: 162.0
    In this paper I will argue that contemporary non-Aboriginal Australians can collectively be held responsible for past injustices committed against the Aboriginal peoples of this land. An examination of the role played by history in determining the nature of the present reveals both the temporal extension of the Australian community that confronts the question of responsibility for historical injustice and the ways in which we continue to participate in those same injustices. Because existing injustices suffered by indigenous Australians are (...)
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  37. Peter A. French (1982). Collective Responsibility and the Practice of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):65-86.score: 162.0
    In the following essay, the theoretical apparatus for distinguishing various types of collectivities (aggregates and conglomerates) is described. This is followed by a consideration of how responsibility ascriptions to different types of collectivities are to be understood vis à vis those to individual group members. It is suggested that the "medical profession" (distinctly different from the "medical team" and the "hospital corporation") is an aggregate collectivity. That is, the "medical profession" consists of the "sum" of the identities of its (...)
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  38. Larry May & Robert Strikwerda (1994). Men in Groups: Collective Responsibility for Rape. Hypatia 9 (2):134 - 151.score: 160.0
    We criticize the following views: only the rapist is responsible since only he committed the act; no one is responsible since rape is a biological response to stimuli; everyone is responsible since men and women contribute to the rape culture; and patriarchy is responsible but no person or group. We then argue that, in some societies, men are collectively responsible for rape since most benefit from rape and most are similar to the rapist.
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  39. Avia Pasternak (2011). The Collective Responsibility of Democratic Publics. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (1):99-123.score: 156.0
    Towards the end of her seminal work on the notion of representation Hanna Pitkin makes the following observation:At the end of the Second World War and during the Nuremberg trials there was much speculation about the war guilt of the German people. [...] Many people might argue the responsibility of the German people even though a Nazi government was not representative. We might agree, however, that in the case of a representative government the responsibility would be more clear-cut.2As (...)
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  40. Tracy Lynn Isaacs (2011). Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts. Oxford University Press.score: 156.0
    Intentional collective action -- Collective moral responsibility -- Collective guilt -- Individual responsibility for (and in) collective wrongs -- Collective obligation, individual obligation, and individual moral responsibility -- Individual moral responsibility in wrongful social practice.
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  41. M. L. J. Wissenburg (2011). Parenting and Intergenerational Justice: Why Collective Obligations Towards Future Generations Take Second Place to Individual Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (6):557-573.score: 156.0
    Theories of intergenerational obligations usually take the shape of theories of distributive (social) justice. The complexities involved in intergenerational obligations force theorists to simplify. In this article I unpack two popular simplifications: the inevitability of future generations, and the Hardinesque assumption that future individuals are a burden on society but a benefit to parents. The first assumption obscures the fact that future generations consist of individuals whose existence can be a matter of voluntary choice, implying that there are individuals who (...)
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  42. Margaret Mahlin (2010). Individual Patient Advocacy, Collective Responsibility and Activism Within Professional Nursing Associations. Nursing Ethics 17 (2):247-254.score: 156.0
    The systemic difficulties of health care in the USA have brought to light another issue in nurse—patient advocacy — those who require care yet have inadequate or non-existent access. Patient advocacy has focused on individual nurses who in turn advocate for individual patients, yet, while supporting individual patients is a worthy goal of patient advocacy, systemic problems cannot be adequately addressed in this way. The difficulties nurses face when advocating for patients is well documented in the nursing literature and I (...)
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  43. Keith Graham (2000). Collective Responsibility. In A. van den Beld (ed.), Moral Responsibility and Ontology. Kluwer. 49--61.score: 156.0
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  44. Chris Provis & Sue Stack (2004). Caring Work, Personal Obligation and Collective Responsibility. Nursing Ethics 11 (1):5-14.score: 156.0
    Studies of workers in health care and the care of older people disclose tensions that emerge partly from their conflicting obligations. They incur some obligations from the personal relationships they have with clients, but these can be at odds with organizational demands and resource constraints. One implication is the need for policies to recognize the importance of allowing workers some discretion in decison making. Another implication may be that sometimes care workers can meet their obligations to clients only by taking (...)
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  45. Joel Feinberg (1968). Collective Responsibility. Journal of Philosophy 65 (21):674-688.score: 150.0
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  46. H. D. Lewis (1948). Collective Responsibility. Philosophy 23 (84):3 - 18.score: 150.0
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  47. Anna Stilz (2011). Collective Responsibility and the State. Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (2):190-208.score: 150.0
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  48. Hud Hudson (1993). Collective Responsibility and Moral Vegetarianism. Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (2):89-104.score: 150.0
  49. David Silver (2006). Collective Responsibility, Corporate Responsibility and Moral Taint. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):269–278.score: 150.0
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  50. D. E. Cooper (1968). Collective Responsibility. Philosophy 43 (165):258 - 268.score: 150.0
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