Search results for 'communism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  48
    Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels (2002 [1848]). Communist Manifesto. Penguin Classics.
    Originally published on the eve of the 1848 European revolutions, The Communist Manifesto is a condensed and incisive account of the worldview Marx and Engels developed during their hectic intellectual and political collaboration. Formulating the principles of dialectical materialism, they believed that labor creates wealth, hence capitalism is exploitive and antithetical to freedom. -/- This new edition includes an extensive introduction by Gareth Stedman Jones, Britain's leading expert on Marx and Marxism, providing a complete course for students of The Communist (...)
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  2.  73
    Elena Sokol (2012). Diverse Voices: Czech Women’s Writing in the Post-Communist Era. ARGUMENT 2 (1):37-57.
    This essay offers an overview of the diversity of women’s prose writing that emerged on the Czech cultural scene in the post-communist era. To that end it briefly characterizes the work of eight Czech women authors who were born within the first two decades after World War II and began to create during the post-1968 era of ‘normalization’. In this broad sense they belong to a single generation. With rare exception their work was not officially published in their homeland until (...)
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  3. David MacGregor (1998). Hegel and Marx After the Fall of Communism. University of Wales Press.
    The collapse of the Soviet Empire led many to think that communism and perhaps socialism were no longer relevant to the modern world. _Hegel and Marx After the Fall of Communism _presents a balanced discussion for and against the validity of the arguments of two of the most important political philosophers of all time, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Karl Marx. David MacGregor reinterprets Hegel and Marx’s philosophies, setting out key events in their lives against a backdrop of (...)
     
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  4.  4
    Codruta Cuceu (2010). George Voicu, The Evil Gods. The Culture of Conspiracy in Post-Communist Romania. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (3):233-236.
    George Voicu, The Evil Gods. The Culture of Conspiracy in post-communist Romania Polirom Publishing House, 2000, 245p.
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  5.  23
    Doyne Dawson (1992). Cities of the Gods: Communist Utopias in Greek Thought. OUP Usa.
    Cities of the Gods is a historical study of the theory of Utopian communism in ancient Greek thought, identifying and assessing its several currents. The author looks at the reason for the decline of the Utopian traditions after c. 150 BC and suggests that the main factor was the Roman conquest of the Greek world, which produced a more conservative intellectual climate. He concludes by looking at the evidence for the survival of utopian traditions, particularly their influence on early (...)
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  6.  8
    Stefan Bratosin & Mihaela Alexandra Ionescu (2010). Church, Religion and Belief: Paradigms for Understanding the Political Phenomenon in Post-Communist Romania. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):3-18.
    Starting from the hypothesis that the predominant church, religion and belief in Romania (i.e. the Romanian Orthodox Church, the Orthodox religion and the Orthodox belief) are paradigms that help understand politics, we will highlight in the present article three major aspects of the political phenomenon in post-communist Romania: de-symbolizing the democratic function, institutionalizing “democratism” and manifesting integralism in the public space. Our analysis is based on a communicational approach which postulates the conceptual oppositions as a fundament of understanding. The interpretation (...)
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  7.  8
    Zdeněk Konopásek & Zuzana Kusá (2006). Political Screenings as Trials of Strength: Making the Communist Power/Lessness Real. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (3):341 - 362.
    In this paper, we discuss the problem of communist power in so called totalitarian regimes. Inspired by strategies of explanation in contemporary science studies and by the ethnomethodological conception of social order, we suggest that the power of communists is not to be taken as an unproblematic source of explanation; rather, we take this power as something that is itself in need of being explained. We study personal narratives on political screenings that took place in Czechoslovakia in 1970 and analyze (...)
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  8.  20
    Carl Tighe (2010). Poland Translated: The Post-Communist Generation of Writers. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):169 - 195.
    This article is concerned with writing in Poland since the collapse of Communism. It focuses mainly on the generation of Polish writers who made their debut around the time of the collapse of Communism and whose work has since begun to appear in English translation. It considers the changing focus of the post-Communist generation of writers, asks how the translations of their work represent Poland to the world and what these works might indicate about changes within contemporary Polish (...)
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  9.  6
    Irina Velicu (2012). The Aesthetic Post-Communist Subject and the Differend of Rosia Montana. Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):125-141.
    By challenging the state and corporate prerogatives to distinguish between “good” and “bad” development, social movements by and in support of inhabitants of Rosia Montana (Transylvania) are subverting prevailing perceptions about Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)’s liberal path of development illustrating its injustice in several ways that will be detailed in this article under the heading “inhibitions of political economy” or Balkanism. The significance of the “Save Rosia Montana” movement for post-communism is that it invites post-communist subjects (...)
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  10.  6
    Lavinia Betea (2010). The Woman in the Communist Regime. Meta-Analysis About a Gender Study. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (14):31-40.
    From the perspective of meta-analysis done in a qualitative structure, the study puts forward an inventory of the communist regime studies in the following ways: 1. The re-evaluation of the social ideology-propaganda-practice relationship of the equality between sexes in the communist regime. 2. The contextualization and the evolution of the social representations of a woman's role. 3. The effects of some political decisions, which can count as aggressiveness of a state towards its citizens (770/1966 Decree).
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  11.  8
    Iuliana Conovici (2013). Re-Weaving Memory: Representations of the Interwar and Communist Periods in the Romanian Orthodox Church After 1989. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 12 (35):109-131.
    After the fall of Communism, the Romanian Orthodox Church was forced to face its recent past, scarred by its collaboration – harshly criticized in the early 1990s – with the Ceauşescu regime. The Church’s turn to its memory of the interwar period in order to legitimize the (re)casting of Orthodoxy as a public religion was also problematic. Based mainly, but not solely on the analysis of public discourses originating with the Orthodox Church hierarchy and clergy, this paper will address (...)
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  12.  5
    Gabriel Andreescu & Liviu Andreescu (2010). Church and State in Post-Communist Romania: Priorities on the Research Agenda. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):19-45.
    This paper looks at the state of research on churchstate relations in post-communist Romania in order to provide an outline of the most important questions which need to be addressed in the coming years. The article consists of two parts. First, a survey of academic studies published over the past two decades on the relationship between the country’s churches and state after 1990. Secondly, a breakdown of pressing churchstate issues today, accompanied by short discussions of existing studies and suggestions as (...)
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  13.  5
    Codruta Cuceu (2010). Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):179-181.
    Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing House, 2005.
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  14.  4
    Marius Jucan (2010). Adrian Neculau (Ed.) Viata Cotidianã În Communism (Everyday Life in Communism). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):163-164.
    Adrian Neculau (ed.) Viata cotidianã în communism (Everyday Life in Communism) Polirom, Iaoi, 2005, 367 pages.
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  15.  3
    Codruta Cuceu (2010). Gen, corp, politicã în comunism/ Gender, Body, and Politics during Communism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):194-202.
    This paper represents a reading of communism from the perspective of corporality. The essay aims at discussing the excessive communization of the human body during communism. This communization brought about a vulgarization of corporality, its uniformization, and hyper-egalitarianism between genders. It also resulted in a mechanical treatment of the human body in order to place it at the disposal of the body politic. This work aims to demonstrate that one of the major mistakes of communist ideology, at least (...)
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  16.  6
    Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2008). Polish Discussions on the Nature of Communism and Mechanisms of its Collapse: A Review Article. East European Politics and Societies 22 (4):828-855.
    The author, against the background of Communist Studies developed in Poland since World War I, reconstructs theoretical orientations that explained the communist system in that country. In this paper, the division of theoretical approaches into political, economic, and cultural ones is proposed. Each of them seeks factors responsible for nature, evolution, and final decline of the communist system in a different sphere of social life. An approach of the political type was Leszek Nowak’s theory of communism as a system (...)
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  17.  3
    Andrew Levine (1995). [Book Review] the General Will, Rousseau, Marx, Communism. [REVIEW] Science and Society 59 (2):223-225.
    This bold and unabashedly utopian book advances the thesis that Marx's notion of communism is a defensible, normative ideal. However, unlike many others who have written in this area, Levine applies the tools and techniques of analytic philosophy to formulate and defend his radical, political programme. The argument proceeds by filtering the ideals and institutions of Marxism through Rousseau's notion of the 'general will'. Once Rousseau's ideas are properly understood it is possible to construct a community of equals who (...)
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  18.  3
    Codruta Cuceu (2010). Nicolae Kallós, A Dialogue on Jewish Identity, Holocaust, and Communism as Personal Experiences. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):250-252.
    Nicolae Kallós, A dialogue on Jewish identity, Holocaust, and Communism as personal Experiences Registered and edited by Sandu Frunzã, The Publishing House of the Axis Foundation, Iaoi, 2003.
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  19.  1
    Corneliu Pintilescu & Andrada Fatu-Tutoveanu (2011). Jehova's Witnesses in Post-Communist Romania: The Relationship Between the Religious Minority and the State (1989-2010). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (30):102-126.
    This study aims at chronicling current aspects and transformations in the relationship between the Jehovah's Witnesses religious minority and the Romanian state (1989-2010), focusing on this religious group's changing official status. Considering both previous contributions and debates on the relations between state and religion, and the distinction between the concepts of denomination versus sect, the present work analyzes the key issues of the long-lasting conflict between the state and this particular religious minority, as well as the factors influencing these relations (...)
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  20.  1
    Francesco Cassata (2012). The Italian Communist Party and the "Lysenko Affair" (1948-1955). Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):469 - 498.
    This article explores the impact of the VASKhNIL conference upon the cultural policy of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and Italian communist biology, with particular attention to the period between 1948 and 1951. News of the Moscow session did not appear in the Italian news media until October, 1948, and for the next three years party biologists struggled over whether to translate the official transcript of the proceedings, The Situation in Biological Science, into Italian. This struggle reveals the complex efforts (...)
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  21. Daniela Angi (2011). Three Instances of Church and Anti-Communist Opposition: Hungary, Poland and Romania. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (28):21-64.
    Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The article analyzes the relationship between the dominant Churches from Hungary, Poland and Romania and the opposition to Communist regimes. The Churches – seen as institutional actors of civil society – are analyzed in terms of their material and symbolic resources which may act as prerequisites for the (...)
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  22. Artemy Magun (2014). Negativity in Communism: Ontology and Politics. Russian Sociological Review 13 (1):9-25.
    The article addresses the notion of communism with a special angle of factuality and negativity, and not in the usual sense of a futurist utopia. After considering the main contemporary theories of communism in left-leaning political thought, the author turns to the Soviet experience of an “actually existing communism.” Apart from and against the bureaucratic state, a social reality existed organized around res nullius, that is, an unappropriated world that was not a collective property, as in the (...)
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  23. Yvanka B. Raynova (2015). Civil Society and "Women's Movements" in Post-Communist Europe. An Appraisal 25 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall. In Community, Praxis, and Values in a Postmetaphysical Age: Studies on Exclusion and Social Integration in Feminist Theory and Contemporary Philosophy. Axia Academic Publisher 184-204.
    The aim of the article is to argue the thesis that, 25 years after the fall of communism, with the exception of former Yugoslavia, there has been and still is, a lack of „women’s movements“ in the post-communist countries. The author also proposes some explanations as to why there are dozens of women’s organizations but no women’s movements. In order to support her thesis, Raynova emphasizes the difference between “women’s movements”, “feminist movements” and “social movements”, and shows the weakness (...)
     
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  24.  24
    Radu Stancu (2014). The Political Use of Capital Punishment as a Legitimation Strategy of the Communist Regime in Romania, 1944-1958. History of Communism in Europe 5:106-130.
    In this article, I will describe the evolution of capital punishment and the influence that ideology had during the founding years of Romania’s communist regime, until 1958, when the legislation and application of capital punishment reached its highest peak. Starting with the punishment of war criminals and fascists, I will then describe how the death penalty was used for political motives in a period when the regime had to consolidate, legitimate and fight different enemies. With ups and downs like The (...)
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  25.  15
    Dalia Báthory (2014). Weaving the Narrative Strings of the Communist Regimes – Building Society with Bricks of Stories. History of Communism in Europe 5:7-16.
    The long duration of the Communist regime cannot be explained without closely looking at the manners of creating shared meanings and agreement on explanations on the shared historical context. Narratives of legitimation, some easier to depict than others, were almost as important as the use of force in imposing the specific values of the regime. In other words, soft power was the buttress of hard power. But the nuances are numerous, once we put this otherwise obvious remark under closer scrutiny. (...)
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  26.  12
    Andrea Talabér (2014). Medieval Saints and Martyrs as Communist Villains and Heroes: National Days in Czechoslovakia and Hungary During Communism. History of Communism in Europe 5:168-192.
    This paper examines the transformation of medieval figures from state “heroes” during the interwar years into “villains” of the Communist state in Czechoslovakia and Hungary through their national day commemorations. I argue that the negative treatment of these medieval heroes was not clear-cut and, especially in Hungary, they enjoyed a comeback of sorts during the second half of the Communist era. This article thus demonstrates, through official commemorative events, that the Communist regimes of Czechoslovakia and Hungary to some extent were (...)
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  27.  10
    Ștefan Bosomitu (2014). Becoming in the Age of Proletariat. The Identity Dilemmas of a Communist Intellectual Throughout Autobiographical Texts. Case Study: Tudor Bugnariu. History of Communism in Europe 5:17-35.
    Romanian historiography generally states that in Communist Romania there was no intellectual capable of stimulating a “heresy” comparable to those in Yugoslavia, Hungary or Poland. This is almost true. While the Romanian Communist/Workers Party despised intellectuals, even if they were docile and obedient, in the upper echelons of the RCP/RWP one could hardly find true intellectuals. However, there were some cases that can challenge this narrative – Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Grigore Preoteasa, Miron Constantinescu or Tudor Bugnariu. My paper will discuss the (...)
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  28.  5
    Ioana Ursu (2014). Narrativity and Legitimation in the Discourse of the Communist Archives: Analysing the Files of “The Burning Bush Organization”. History of Communism in Europe 5:155-167.
    Our paper proposes to follow the history of the “Burning Bush”, a spiritual and cultural movement in the 1940s in Romania that had proposed the solution of spiritual resistance to communism through culture and faith. The analysis holds as key-concepts: discourse analysis, narrativity, semantics and hermeneutics, following the discourse of the Securitate’s archives with reference to the Burning Bush in terms of: - conflictual discourses: inquisitor vs. imprisoned; - motives and themes of the incriminatory discourse of the Securitate; - (...)
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  29. Maurice Campbell Cornforth (1980). Communism and Philosophy: Contemporary Dogmas and Revisions of Marxism. Lawrence and Wishart.
  30. Mihailo Marković (1974). The Contemporary Marx: Essays on Humanist Communism. Spokesman Books.
  31. David S. Nivison (1954). Communist Ethics and Chinese Tradition. Cambridge, Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
     
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  32.  6
    Stefan Sebastian Maftei (2010). The Rhetoric of “Revolution” Dismantled: The Case of Communist Propaganda. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):166-181.
    This paper issues a highly controversial point: is there possible that a concept of ‘revolution’ can legitimize the historical revolutionary action and, if yes, how could this be possible? This debate on revolution is a subsequent part of a larger puzzle: the hermeneutics of the historical fact. Roughly explained, the concept of ‘revolution’ is the major piece of a ’revolutionary rhetoric,’ which generates the interpretation of the historical fact. Samples are offered by means of the concept of ‘revolution’ issued by (...)
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  33. William Ernest Barton (1966). The Moral Challenge of Communism: Some Ethical Aspects of Marxist-Leninist Society. London, Friends Home Service Committee.
     
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  34.  1
    Václav Bělohradsky (2011). The Post-Communist Manifesto. Human Affairs 21 (1):62-69.
    The essay is the critical reflection on the current state of global politics. It points to the importance of reconnecting politics with more substantial “human affairs”. The search for new understanding and conceptual tools is necessary on both sides of the political spectrum, however, the left should press for its lost identity more urgently. But what is even more urgent is the planetary vision based on reflexive rationality and a politics of dialogue, respect for the environment and civil society, overcoming (...)
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  35. James D. Bales (1969). Communism and the Reality of Moral Law. Nutley, N.J.,Craig Press.
     
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  36. R. N. Berki (1983). Insight and Vision the Problem of Communism in Marx's Thought. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  37. N. V. Bychkova, Rostislav Aleksandrovich Lavrov & V. A. Li͡ubisheva (eds.) (1962). Communist Morality. Moscow, Progress Publishers.
     
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  38. Maurice Campbell Cornforth (1972). Communism and Human Values. New York,International Publishers.
     
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  39. Mark Cowling, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels & Terrell Carver (1998). The Communist Manifesto New Interpretations. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  40. Ralf Dahrendorf (2000). Universities After Communism the Hannah Arendt Prize and the Reform of Higher Education in East Central Europe.
     
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  41. James Kern Feibleman (1937/1979). Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics. Ams Press.
     
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  42. Eduard Heimann (1938/1981). Communism, Fascism, or Democracy? Ams Press.
  43. Donald Clark Hodges (1992). Sandino's Communism Spiritual Politics for the Twenty-First Century.
     
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  44. Donald Clark Hodges (1999). The Literate Communist 150 Years of the Communist Manifesto.
  45.  13
    James R. Kluegel (2008). Social Justice and Political Change: Public Opinion in Capitalist and Post-Communist States. Aldinetransaction.
    Social Justice and Political Change, involves the collaboration of thirty social scientists in twelve countries, and represents broad-ranging comparative ...
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  46. Te-Sheng Meng (1980). Chinese Communism Vs. Confucianism (1966-1974): An Historical and Critical Study. Free Men Magazine.
  47. Stanley W. Moore (1980). Marx on the Choice Between Socialism and Communism.
     
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  48. Bruno S. Sergi & William T. Bagatelas (eds.) (2005). Ethical Implications of Post-Communist Transition Economics and Politics in Europe. Iura Edition.
     
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  49. David Smith & Religious and Theological Studies Fellowship (1992). Marx and Jesus in a Post-Communist World.
     
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  50. Peter Beilbarz (1995). Reviews : C.L.R. James, World Revolution 1917-1936: The Rise and Fall of the Communist International (Humanities Press, 1993); Michel Beaud, Socialism in the Crucible of History (Humanities Press, 1993); Cornelius Castoriadis, Political and Social Writings, Volume 3, 1961- 1979 (University of Minnesota Press, 1993); Moishe Postone, Time, Labor, and Social Domination—A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Tbeory (Cambridge University Press, 1993). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 40 (1):133-138.
    Reviews : C.L.R. James, World Revolution 1917-1936: The Rise and Fall of the Communist International ; Michel Beaud, Socialism in the Crucible of History ; Cornelius Castoriadis, Political and Social Writings, Volume 3, 1961- 1979 ; Moishe Postone, Time, Labor, and Social Domination—A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Tbeory.
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