Search results for 'compartmentalization' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Cécile Rozuel (2011). The Moral Threat of Compartmentalization: Self, Roles and Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):685-697.score: 24.0
    Although most of us understand and accept that we play different roles in different settings, the moral implications of an unquestioned role-based world are serious. The prevalence of roles at the expense of ‘real’ people in organizations jeopardizes our ability to exercise full moral agency and ascribe moral responsibility, because ‘we were only fulfilling our role obligations’. This reasoning does not sustain ethical scrutiny, however, because individuals are always present behind the role, though they may lack awareness of their ability (...)
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  2. Mark A. Changizi & Darren He (2005). Four Correlates of Complex Behavioral Networks: Differentiation, Behavior, Connectivity, and Compartmentalization: Carving Networks at Their Joints. Complexity 10 (6):13-40.score: 21.0
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  3. Wilfried Allaerts (1991). On the Role of Gravity and Positional Information in Embryological Axis Formation and Tissue Compartmentalization. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (1).score: 18.0
    The idea that gravity affects dorso-ventral polarization in anouran development contrasts with the theories of self-organization through reaction-diffusion processes. As a result of a literature study we discuss the role of gravity in embryological axis formation and speculate on an influence of gravity on tissue compartmentalization. The involvement of compartmentalization in tissue homeostasis is discussed in the light of the recent progress in mammalian cell culture studies.
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  4. R. Hengeveld & M. A. Fedonkin (2004). Causes and Consequences of Eukaryotization Through Mutualistic Endosymbiosis and Compartmentalization. Acta Biotheoretica 52 (2).score: 18.0
    This paper reviews and extends ideas of eukaryotization by endosymbiosis. These ideas are put within an historical context of processes that may have led up to eukaryotization and those that seem to have resulted from this process. Our starting point for considering the emergence and development of life as an organized system of chemical reactions should in the first place be in accordance with thermodynamic principles and hence should, as far as possible, be derived from these principles. One trend to (...)
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  5. Keith Breen (2005). The State, Compartmentalization and the Turn to Local Community: A Critique of the Political Thought of Alasdair MacIntyre. The European Legacy 10 (5):485-501.score: 18.0
    Alasdair MacIntyre condemns modern politics, specifically liberalism and the institutions of the liberal state, as irredeemably fallen. His core argument is that the liberal state encourages a disempowering ?compartmentalization? of people's everyday roles and activities that undermines the intersubjective conditions of human flourishing. MacIntyre's alternative is an Aristotelian politics centred on the notion of ?practice.? Defined by justice and solidarity, this politics can only be realized, he claims, within local communities which oppose and resist the dictates of the administrative (...)
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  6. I. Walker (1987). Compartmentalization and Niche Differentiation: Causal Patterns of Competition and Coexistence. Acta Biotheoretica 36 (4).score: 18.0
    The current major models of coexistence of species on the same resources are briefly summarized. It is then shown that analysis of supposedly competitive systems in terms of the physical four dimensions of phase-space is sufficient to understand the causes for coexistence and for competitive exclusion. Thus, the multiple dimensions of niche theory are reduced to factors which define the magnitudes of the phase-spatial system, in particular the boundaries of population spaces and of periods of activity. Excluding possible cooperative interaction (...)
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  7. Christian A. Baumann & Alan R. Saltiel (2001). Spatial Compartmentalization of Signal Transduction in Insulin Action. Bioessays 23 (3):215-222.score: 15.0
  8. Renée Roodbeen & Jan C. M. van Hest (2009). Synthetic Cells and Organelles: Compartmentalization Strategies. Bioessays 31 (12):1299-1308.score: 15.0
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  9. Jason Brennan (2005). Choice and Excellence: A Defense of Millian Individualism. Social Theory and Practice 31 (4):483-498.score: 9.0
    Communitarians have argued against Millian individualism (ethical liberalism) by claiming that it leads to the compartmentalization of life, and thus inhibits virtue, that it causes alienation, and leads to what I call the problem of choice. Ethical liberals celebrate the free choice of a conception of the good life, but communitarians respond by posing a dilemma. Either the choice is made in reference to some given standard (a social or natural telos), in which case it is not free, or (...)
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  10. Grace Wolf-Chase (2004). Toward Understanding Each Other: Bridging Gaps in the Science-and-Religion Dialogue. Zygon 39 (2):393-395.score: 9.0
    . The high degree of specialization in society and compartmentalization in education have resulted in increasing difficulty in communicating across different fields of study. I propose that these gaps in communication across disciplines must be addressed to ensure a fruitful ongoing science-and-religion dialogue.
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  11. Lawrence A. Lengbeyer (2005). Selflessness & Cognition. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):411 - 435.score: 9.0
    What are the cognitive mechanisms that underlie selfless conduct, both ‘thinking’ and unthinking? We first consider deliberate selflessness, a manner of selecting acts in which, in evaluating options, one expressly chooses not to weigh the potential consequences for oneself (though this formulation is seen as needing some qualification). We then turn to unthinking behavior in general, and whether we are responsible for it, as the foundation for analyzing the unthinking variety of selflessness. Using illustrative cases (Grenade Gallantry, The Well-Meaning Miner, (...)
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  12. Aaron Norby (2014). Against Fragmentation. Thought 2 (4):30-38.score: 7.0
    I criticize the idea that theories of ‘fragmented’ or ‘compartmentalized’ belief (as found in, e.g., Lewis 1982, Egan 2008) can help to account for the puzzling phenomena they are often taken to account for. After introducing fragmentationalism and a paradigm case that purportedly motivates it, I criticize the view primarily on the grounds that the models and explanations it offers are at best trivial—as witnessed by examples of over-generation—and should be seen as merely re-describing in figurative terms the phenomena it (...)
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  13. Ji‐Long Liu (2011). The Enigmatic Cytoophidium: Compartmentation of CTP Synthase Via Filament Formation. Bioessays 33 (3):159-164.score: 7.0
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  14. Tracy Wilcox (2012). Human Resource Management in a Compartmentalized World: Whither Moral Agency? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):85-96.score: 6.0
    This article examines the potential for moral agency in human resource management practice. It draws on an ethnographic study of human resource managers in a global organization to provide a theorized account of situated moral agency. This account suggests that within contemporary organizations, institutional structures—particularly the structures of Anglo-American market capitalism— threaten and constrain the capacity of HR managers to exercise moral agency and hence engage in ethical behaviour. The contextualized explanation of HR management action directly addresses the question of (...)
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  15. R. W. Thatcher, J. F. Gomez-Molina, C. Biver, D. North, R. Curtin & R. W. Walker (2000). Two Compartmental Models of EEG Coherence and MRI Biophysics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):412-412.score: 5.0
    Studies have shown that as MRI T2 relaxation time lengthens there is a shift toward more unbound or “free-water” and less partitioning of the protein/lipid molecules per unit volume. A shift toward less water partitioning or lengthened MRI T2 relaxation time is linearly related to reduced high frequency EEG amplitude, reduced short distance EEG coherence, increased long distance EEG coherence, and reduced cognitive functioning (Thatcher et al. 1998a; 1998b).
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  16. J. H. Matis & M. W. Carter (1972). Multi-Compartmental Analysis in Steady State as a Stochastic Process. Acta Biotheoretica 21 (1-2).score: 5.0
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  17. Stuart A. Kauffman (1979). The Compartmental and Combinatorial Code Hypotheses in Drosophila Development. BioScience 29 (10):581-588.score: 5.0
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  18. James Clegg (1984). What the Papers Say: Metabolic Compartmentation and ?Soluble? Metabolic Pathways. Bioessays 1 (3):129-131.score: 5.0
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  19. Harvey J. Gold (1971). Uniqueness of Solutions in Linear Compartmental Tracer Analysis. Acta Biotheoretica 20 (3-4).score: 5.0
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  20. H. O. Spivey & J. M. Merz (1989). Metabolic Compartmentation. Bioessays 10 (4):127-129.score: 5.0
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  21. James W. Gober (1992). What the Papers Say: Compartmentalized Transcription and the Establishment of Cell Type During Sporulation inBacillus Subtilis. Bioessays 14 (2):125-128.score: 5.0
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  22. J. H. Ottaway (1984). Correspondence: Comments on 'Metabolic Compartmentation and “Soluble” Metabolic Pathways'. Bioessays 1 (6):283-284.score: 5.0
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  23. Christopher Cherniak (1983). Rationality and the Structure of Memory. Synthese 57 (November):163-86.score: 3.0
    A tacit and highly idealized model of the agent's memory is presupposed in philosophy. The main features of a more psychologically realistic duplex (orn-plex) model are sketched here. It is argued that an adequate understanding of the rationality of an agent's actions is not possible without a satisfactory theory of the agent's memory and of the trade-offs involved in management of the memory, particularly involving compartmentalization of the belief set. The discussion identifies some basic constraints on the organization of (...)
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  24. Montse Bordes (2001). Motivated Irrationality: The Case of Self-Deception. Crítica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 33 (97):3-32.score: 3.0
    This paper inquires into the conceptual nature of self-deception. I shall afford a theory which links SD to wishful thinking. First I present two rival models for the analysis of SD, and suggest reasons why the interpersonal model is flawed. It is necessary for supporters of this model to work out a strategy that avoids the ascription of inconsistency to the self-deceiver in order to fulfill the requirements of the charity principle. Some objections to the compartmentalization strategy are put (...)
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  25. Evangelos Voulgarakis, Introduction.score: 3.0
    It is proposed that the rhetoric of the discourse on science and Buddhism exhibits an often non-deliberate predisposition to establish and perpetuate a kind of compartmentalization which consigns both science and Buddhism to two different and irrelevant to each other realms in the minds of the wider, general, and non-scientifically involved Western Buddhist population. This emerges non-deliberately, for the purpose of avoiding any essential influence between the two subjects, despite the sincerely expressed aims of the proponents of science— Buddhism (...)
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  26. Diana Meyers, Part 2.3 Self-Direction and Personal Integration.score: 3.0
    Because it is characteristic of competencies that they have overarching functions, Meyers considers what the overarching function of autonomy competency might be. She defends a view of personal integration that does not entail counterproductive consistency or unity. She rejects several other solutions to this problem, including compartmentalization, sanity, happiness, and eccentric nonconformity.
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  27. David J. Hufford (1993). Epistemologies in Religious Healing. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (2):175-194.score: 3.0
    Religious beliefs in miraculous healing through prayer remain prevalent in modern society. Most such beliefs do not conflict with medical advice but some do. Conventional views have considered these beliefs incompatible with rational modern thought, predicting their demise and explaining their persistence in terms of non-rational thinking, "special logics" and psychological compartmentalization. However, attention to the actual beliefs of individuals often reveals them to be rationally ordered and empirically founded. Further, they do not usually involve disbelief of medical knowledge. (...)
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  28. Joel Kupperman (1999). Learning From Asian Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 3.0
    In an attempt to bridge the vast divide between classical Asian thought and contemporary Western philosophy, Joel J. Kupperman finds that the two traditions do not, by and large, supply different answers to the same questions. Rather, each tradition is searching for answers to their own set of questions--mapping out distinct philosophical investigations. In this groundbreaking book, Kupperman argues that the foundational Indian and Chinese texts include lines of thought that can enrich current philosophical practice, and in some cases provide (...)
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  29. Douglas R. Anderson (2014). Roads to Divinity. The Pluralist 9 (1):87-96.score: 3.0
    Not long before he died, Henry David Thoreau was asked by a friend where religion was to be found in his writings. Thoreau responded by saying that his religiosity pervaded his works but that no one noticed it. This result was enabled by the cultural belief that religiosity entailed formal religion, creeds, fixed rituals, and overt discussions of God or gods. Thoreau’s point—a development of Emerson’s “Divinity School Address”—was to show the mistakenness of this compartmentalization of one’s religious life. (...)
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  30. Wallace Gray (1994). A Surprising Rediscovery and Partial Review of The Foundations of Belief by James Balfour. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 1 (4):6-9.score: 3.0
    Well known as the British politician responsible for the Balfour Declaration during World War I, James Balfour was also a philosopher. Long forgotten, his remarkable book The Foundations of Belief (1895) merits contemporary reassessment. Critical of modern compartmentalization, Balfour argues for an integration of religion, philosophy, and science---a position now often identified as postmodern. This article presents some of Balfour’s contemporary scholarly significance, and hints at his usefulness in undergraduate teaching.
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  31. Antoine Danchin (2007). Archives or Palimpsests? Bacterial Genomes Unveil a Scenario for the Origin of Life. Biological Theory 2 (1):52-61.score: 3.0
    The three processes needed to create life, compartmentalization, metabolism, and information transfer (memory stored in nucleic acids and manipulation operated by proteins) are embedded in organized genome features. The core of life puts together growth and maintenance (which drives survival), while life in context explores and exploits specific niches. Analysis of gene persistence in a large number of genomes shows that the former constitutes the paleome, which recapitulates the three phases of the origin of life: metabolism of small molecules (...)
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  32. V. Csanyi (1987). The Replicative Model of Evolution: A General Theory. World Futures 23 (1):31-65.score: 3.0
    Formulation of a general model of evolution is presented which is based upon the recognition of the ?biosocial? entity, that is the biosphere and human society, as a component?system. It can be demonstrated that the interactions of the components (moleculas, cells, organisms, ecosystems in the biological realms and people, artifacts and ideas in the societies) have replicative organization. We suggest an explanation for the spontaneous emergence of replicative function and organization, a process called autogenesis. During autogenesis, hierarchical levels of replicative (...)
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  33. Edward L. Schoen (1995). Galileo and the Church. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 2 (3):23-28.score: 3.0
    In his recent review of the Galileo affair, Pope John Paul II confidently proclaimed the intellectual autonomy of religion, comfortably affirming that the methods and ideas of religion are cleanly separable from those of the sciences. Unfortunately, a close review of the actual details of the Galilean controversy reveals that the lesson to be learned from that famous case is not one of sanitary intellectual compartmentalization, but one of entangling interdependencies among scientific, religious, and philosophical thought.
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  34. James Liu (2014). Globalizing Indigenous Psychology: An East Asian Form of Hierarchical Relationalism with Worldwide Implications. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (3).score: 3.0
    Globalization has changed almost every facet of life for people around the world, and today the flow of influence is no longer uni-directional. It is argued that East Asian (and especially Chinese) societies are anchored in an indigenous form of hierarchical relationalism where social structure is produced by relational obligations of an ethical and normative nature that have slowed its traditional culture “melting into air” as prophesied by Marx. The successfully modernization of East Asia has involved hybridization, compartmentalization, and (...)
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  35. Eugene Sadler-Smith (2012). Before Virtue. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2):351-375.score: 3.0
    Biological, brain, and behavioral sciences offer strong and growing support for the virtue ethics account of moral judgment and ethical behavior in business organizations. The acquisition of moral agency in business involves the recognition, refinement, and habituation through the processes of reflexion and reflection of a moral sense encapsulated in innate modules for compassion, hierarchy, reciprocity, purity, and affiliation adaptive for communal life both in ancestral and modern environments. The genetic and neural bases of morality exist independently of institutional frameworks (...)
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  36. Jeanine Czubaroff (1997). The Public Dimension Of Scientific Controversies. Argumentation 11 (1):51-74.score: 3.0
    Acceptance of three tenets of the doctrine of scientific objectivity, namely, the tenets of consensus, compartmentalization, and ahistorical truth, undermines scientists‘ appreciation of the importance of scientific controversy and consideration of the policy and value implications of controversial scientific theories. This essay rejects these tenets and suggests scientists appreciate theoretical diversity, learn rational means for adjudicating value differences, and cultivate conversational as well as written forms of communication.
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  37. H. O. Kunkel (1988). Issues of Academic Disciplines in Agricultural Research. Agriculture and Human Values 5 (4):16-25.score: 3.0
    This essay examines the growing concerns about disciplinary narrowing occurring in agricultural research and the prospects of ameliorating the detrimental effects of disciplinary compartmentalization while capitalizing on its positive effects. The general model for agricultural science is that disciplinary groupings set the logic and standards for research; the disciplinary sciences are set in a hierarchical arrangement which allows communication from the relevant basic sciences through applied research into technology development and use and problem-solving. But agricultural research throughout most of (...)
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  38. Ibrahima Ndiaye & Jean-Luc Gouzé (forthcoming). Global Stability of Reversible Enzymatic Metabolic Chains. Acta Biotheoretica.score: 3.0
    We consider metabolic networks with reversible enzymatic reactions. The model is written as a system of ordinary differential equations, possibly with inputs and outputs. We prove the global stability of the equilibrium (if it exists), using techniques of monotone systems and compartmental matrices. We show that the equilibrium does not always exist. Finally, we consider a metabolic system coupled with a genetic network, and we study the dependence of the metabolic equilibrium (if it exists) with respect to concentrations of enzymes. (...)
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  39. Maya Adina Yampolsky, Catherine E. Amiot & Roxane de la Sablonnière (2013). Multicultural Identity Integration and Well-Being: A Qualitative Exploration of Variations in Narrative Coherence and Multicultural Identification. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 3.0
    Understanding the experiences of multicultural individuals is vital in our diverse populations. Multicultural people often need to navigate the different norms and values associated with their multiple cultural identities. Recent research on multicultural identification has focused on how individuals with multiple cultural groups manage these different identities within the self, and how this process predicts well-being. The current study built on this research by using a qualitative method to examine the process of configuring one’s identities within the self. The present (...)
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  40. Mike W. Martin (2002). Personal Meaning and Ethics in Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):545-560.score: 2.0
    The study of engineering ethics tends to emphasize professional codes of ethics and, to lesser degrees, business ethics and technology studies. These are all important vantage points, but they neglect personal moral commitments, as well as personal aesthetic, religious, and other values that are not mandatory for all members of engineering. This paper illustrates how personal moral commitments motivate, guide, and give meaning to the work of engineers, contributing to both self-fulfillment and public goods. It also explores some general frameworks (...)
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  41. John Cottingham (2010). Integrity and Fragmentation. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):2-14.score: 1.0
    The virtue of integrity does not appear explicitly in either the Aristotelian or the Judaeo- Christian list of virtues, but elements of both ethical systems implicitly acknowledge the importance of a unified and integrated life. This paper argues that integrity is indispensible for a good human life; the fragmented or compartmentalized life is always subject to instability, in so far as unresolved psychological conflicts and tensions may threaten to derail our ethical plans and projects. Achieving a stable and integrated life (...)
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  42. Andy Egan (2008). Seeing and Believing: Perception, Belief Formation and the Divided Mind. Philosophical Studies 140 (1):47 - 63.score: 1.0
    On many of the idealized models of human cognition and behavior in use by philosophers, agents are represented as having a single corpus of beliefs which (a) is consistent and deductively closed, and (b) guides all of their (rational, deliberate, intentional) actions all the time. In graded-belief frameworks, agents are represented as having a single, coherent distribution of credences, which guides all of their (rational, deliberate, intentional) actions all of the time. It's clear that actual human beings don't live up (...)
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  43. Thomas P. Maxwell (2003). Integral Spirituality, Deep Science, and Ecological Awareness. Zygon 38 (2):257-276.score: 1.0
    There is a growing understanding that addressing the global crisis facing humanity will require new methods for knowing, understanding, and valuing the world. Narrow, disciplinary, and reductionist perceptions of reality are proving inadequate for addressing the complex, interconnected problems of the current age. The pervasive Cartesian worldview, which is based on the metaphor of the universe as a machine, promotes fragmentation in our thinking and our perception of the cosmos. This divisive, compartmentalized thinking fosters alienation and self-focused behavior. I aim (...)
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  44. John Sutton (2009). Looking Beyond Memory Studies: Comparisons and Integrations. Memory Studies 2 (3):299-302.score: 1.0
    Projects in memory studies are best driven by topic not tradition, because the phenomena under investigation are usually interactive, not neatly compartmentalized. This imposes open-endedness not only in tracing diverse activities of remembering across the spread of relevant disciplines, but also in looking beyond memory altogether in order better to understand its diverse manifestations.
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  45. Basil Smith (2001). Davidson, Irrationality and Ethics. Philosophy Today 45 (3):242-253.score: 1.0
    In this paper I outline Donald Davidson’s account of two forms of irrationality, akrasia and self-deception, and relate this account to ethical action and belief. His view of irrationality is generally a Freudian one, to the effect that agents must compartmentalize both offending particular mental contents, and governing second order principles. Davidson also hints that his account of akrasia and self-deception might show certain normative and meta-ethical theories to be irrational, insofar as they too engender irrationality. I explore these hints, (...)
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  46. David Penny (2005). An Interpretive Review of the Origin of Life Research. Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):633-671.score: 1.0
    Life appears to be a natural property of matter, but the problem of its origin only arose after early scientists refuted continuous spontaneous generation. There is no chance of life arising ‘all at once’, we need the standard scientific incremental explanation with large numbers of small steps, an approach used in both physical and evolutionary sciences. The necessity for considering both theoretical and experimental approaches is emphasized. After describing basic principles that are available (including the Darwin-Eigen cycle), the search for (...)
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  47. Charles M. Bakewell (1903). The Philosophy of Emerson. Philosophical Review 12 (5):525-536.score: 1.0
    This paper concerns the character of Emerson's philosophy, and his general attitude toward life, in relationship to the human tendency to become isolated or compartmentalized, in view and attitude, by the specifics of work, career and particular perspectives.
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  48. Peter M. Toscano (2006). The Study of Global Solutions: A Postmodern Systems Thinking View of Grounded Theory/Grounded Action. World Futures 62 (7):505 – 515.score: 1.0
    The grounded theory research method embodies a crucial element of postmodernist thinking due to its aversion to theory verification and its ability to imbue analysts with the power to discover theory. These processes closely mirror systems thinking because they allow for holistic examination. Postmodern systems thinking combines the worldview of postmodernism with systems thinking, creating a mechanism that is both respectful to the variations of human interaction and the need for "de-compartmentalizing" complex systems. The postmodern systems thinking framework united with (...)
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  49. Michael Skerker (2014). Seeking a Variable Standard of Individual Moral Responsibility in Organizations. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (2):209-222.score: 1.0
    Relatively few authors attempt to assess individuals’ moral responsibility for collective action within organizations. I draw on fairly technical recent work by Seamus Miller, Christopher Kutz, and Tracy Isaacs in the field of collective responsibility to see what normative lessons can be prepared for people considering entry into large hierarchical, compartmentalized organizations like businesses or the military. I will defend a view shared by Isaacs that group members’ responsibility for collective action depends on intentions to contribute to particular collective actions, (...)
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  50. R. Hengeveld (2007). Two Approaches to the Study of the Origin of Life. Acta Biotheoretica 55 (2).score: 1.0
    This paper compares two approaches that attempt to explain the origin of life, or biogenesis. The more established approach is one based on chemical principles, whereas a new, yet not widely known approach begins from a physical perspective. According to the first approach, life would have begun with—often organic—compounds. After having developed to a certain level of complexity and mutual dependence within a non-compartmentalised organic soup, they would have assembled into a functioning cell. In contrast, the second, physical (...)
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