Search results for 'complicity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Brian Lawson (2013). Individual Complicity in Collective Wrongdoing. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):227-243.score: 24.0
    Some instances of right and wrongdoing appear to be of a distinctly collective kind. When, for example, one group commits genocide against another, the genocide is collective in the sense that the wrongness of genocide seems morally distinct from the aggregation of individual murders that make up the genocide. The problem, which I refer to as the problem of collective wrongs, is that it is unclear how to assign blame for distinctly collective wrongdoing to individual contributors when none of those (...)
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  2. A. David Kline (2006). On Complicity Theory. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):257-264.score: 24.0
    The received account of whistleblowing, developed over the last quarter century, is identified with the work of Norman Bowie and Richard DeGeorge. Michael Davis has detailed three anomalies for the received view: the paradoxes of burden, missing harm and failure. In addition, he has proposed an alternative account of whistleblowing, viz., the Complicity Theory. This paper examines the Complicity Theory. The supposed anomalies rest on misunderstandings of the received view or misreadings of model cases of whistleblowing, for example, (...)
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  3. Larry May (2010). Complicity and the Rwandan Genocide. Res Publica 16 (2):135-152.score: 24.0
    The Rwandan genocide of 1994 occurred due to widespread complicity. I will argue that complicity can be the basis for legal liability, even for criminal liability, if two conditions are met. First, the person’s actions or inactions must be causally efficacious at least in the sense that had the person not committed these actions or inactions the harm would have been made significantly less likely to occur. Second, the person must know that her actions or inactions risk contributing (...)
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  4. Florian Wettstein (2010). The Duty to Protect: Corporate Complicity, Political Responsibility, and Human Rights Advocacy. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 96 (1):33 - 47.score: 24.0
    Recent years have heralded increasing attention to the role of multinational corporations in regard to human rights violations. The concept of complicity has been of particular interest in this regard. This article explores the conceptual differences between silent complicity in particular and other, more "conventional" forms of complicity. Despite their far-reaching normative implications, these differences are often overlooked.Rather than being connected to specific actions as is the case for other forms of complicity, the concept of silent (...)
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  5. Michelle Ciurria (2011). Complicity and Criminal Liability in Rwanda: A Situationist Critique. Res Publica 17 (4):411-419.score: 24.0
    In Complicity and the Rwandan Genocide ( 2010b ), Larry May argues that complicity can be the basis for criminal liability if two conditions are met: First, the person’s actions or inactions must contribute to the harm in question, and secondly, the person must know that his actions or inactions risk contributing to this harm. May also states that the threshold for guilt for criminal liability is higher than for moral responsibility. I agree with this latter claim, but (...)
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  6. Robert Sullivan (2007). First Degree Murder and Complicity—Conditions for Parity of Culpability Between Principal and Accomplice. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (3):271-288.score: 24.0
    The Law Commission for England and Wales has published for consultation a proposal for an offence of first degree murder. A person found guilty of this offence whether as a principal or an accomplice will receive a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment. It is argued that the conditions for liability as an accomplice put forward by the Commission do not fulfil the Commission's aspiration for a "parity of culpability" between principals and accomplices. The discussion has general implications for the reform (...)
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  7. Christopher Kutz (2007). Causeless Complicity. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (3):289-305.score: 21.0
    I argue, contrary to standard claims, that accomplice liability need not be a causal relation. One can be an accomplice to another’s crime without causally contributing to the criminal act of the principal. This is because the acts of aid and encouragement that constitute the basis for accomplice liability typically occur in contexts of under- and over-determination, where causal analysis is confounded. While causation is relevant to justifying accomplice liability in general, only potential causation is necessary in particular cases. I (...)
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  8. Katrien Devolder & John Harris (2005). Compromise and Moral Complicity in the Embryonic Stem Cell Debate. In Nafsika Athanassoulis (ed.), Philosophical Reflections on Medical Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 21.0
     
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  9. Mark T. Brown (2009). Moral Complicity in Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):pp. 1-22.score: 18.0
    Direct reprogramming of human skin cells makes available a source of pluripotent stem cells without the perceived evil of embryo destruction, but the advent of such a powerful biotechnology entangles stem cell research in other forms of moral complicity. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) research had its origins in human embryonic stem cell research and the projected biomedical applications of iPS cells almost certainly will require more embryonic stem cell research. Policies that inhibit iPSC research in order to avoid (...)
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  10. John Gardner (2007). Complicity and Causality. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (2):127-141.score: 18.0
    This paper considers some aspects of the morality of complicity, understood as participation in the wrongs of another. The central question is whether there is some way of participating in the wrongs of another other than by making a causal contribution to them. I suggest that there is not. In defending this view I encounter, and resist, the claim that it undermines the distinction between principals and accomplices. I argue that this distinction is embedded in the structure of rational (...)
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  11. Christopher Kutz (2000). Complicity: Ethics and Law for a Collective Age. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    We live in a morally flawed world. Our lives are complicated by what other people do, and by the harms that flow from our social, economic, and political institutions. Our relations as individuals to these collective harms constitute the domain of complicity. This book examines the relationship between collective responsibility and individual guilt. It presents a rigorous philosophical account of the nature of our relations to the social groups in which we participate, and uses that account in a discussion (...)
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  12. Chiara Lepora & Robert E. Goodin (2011). Grading Complicity in Rwandan Refugee Camps. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (3):259-276.score: 18.0
    Complicity with wrongdoing comes in many forms and many degrees. We distinguish subcategories cooperation, collaboration and collusion from connivance and condoning, identifying their defining features and assessing their characteristic moral valences. We illustrate the use of these distinctions by reference to events in refugee camps in and around Rwanda after the 1994 genocide, and the extent to which international organizations and nongovernment organizations were wrongfully complicit with the misuse of refugees as human shields by the perpetrators of the genocide (...)
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  13. David Archard (2013). Dirty Hands and the Complicity of the Democratic Public. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):777-790.score: 18.0
    The alleged problem of the dirty hands of politicians has been much discussed since Michael Walzer’s original piece (Walzer 1974). The discussion has concerned the precise nature of the problem or sought to dissolve the apparent paradox. However there has been little discussion of the putative complicity, and thus also dirtying of hands, of a democratic public that authorizes politicians to act in its name. This article outlines the sense in which politicians do get dirty hands and the degree (...)
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  14. Albino Barrera (2010). Market Complicity and Christian Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Part I. Theory: Material Cooperation in Economic Life: 1. The nature of material cooperation and moral complicity; 2. Complicity in what?: The problem of accumulative harms; 3. Too small and morally insignificant? The problem of overdetermination; 4. Who is morally responsible in the chain of causation? The problem of interdependence; Part II. Application: A Typology of Market-Mediated Complicity: A. Hard Complicity: 5. Benefiting from and enabling wrongdoing; 6. Precipitating gratuitous harms; B. (...)
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  15. Dwight Boyd (2011). Learning to Leave Liberalism…and Live with Complicity, Conundrum and Moral Chagrin. Journal of Moral Education 40 (3):329-337.score: 18.0
    This paper is a story of personal learning. I locate its beginning in my early, comfortable adoption of liberalism as the preferred perspective for my work as a philosopher of education. I then trace how and why I became disaffected with this perspective. I describe how learning from students, feminism and critical race theory led to an acceptance of the fact that my particular social locations as a white, upper-middle-class, educated, heterosexual man are not politically neutral as liberalism would have (...)
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  16. Florian Wettstein (2012). Silence as Complicity. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (1):37-61.score: 18.0
    Increasingly, global businesses are confronted with the question of complicity in human rights violations committed by abusive host governments. This contribution specifically looks at silent complicity and the way it challenges conventional interpretations of corporate responsibility. Silent complicity impliesthat corporations have moral obligations that reach beyond the negative realm of doing no harm. Essentially, it implies that corporations have a moral responsibility to help protect human rights by putting pressure on perpetrating host governments involved in human rights (...)
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  17. Barbara Applebaum (2013). Vigilance as a Response to White Complicity. Educational Theory 63 (1):17-34.score: 18.0
    Calls for vigilance have been a recurrent theme in social justice education. Scholars making this call note that vigilance involves a continuous attentiveness, that it presumes some type of criticality, and that it is transformative. In this essay Barbara Applebaum expands upon some of these attributes and calls attention to three particular features of vigilance that, while they may be alluded to in the aforementioned discussions, are rarely made explicit. These three features are critique, staying in the anxiety of critique, (...)
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  18. Judith Lee Kissell (1999). Complicity in Thought and Language: Toleration of Wrong. Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (1):49-60.score: 18.0
    Complicity as toleration of wrong is deeply rooted in Western language and narratives. It is based on assumptions about the self, our relationship to the world and personal accountability that differ from the Common Law's and moral theology's standard doctrines. How we blame others for tolerating wrong depends upon the moral force of public discourse and upon the meaning of censure as exhortation. Censure as blame is usually retrospective, while censure as exhortation is forward-looking and stresses moral maturity and (...)
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  19. F. G. Miller (2012). Research and Complicity: The Case of Julius Hallervorden. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):53-56.score: 18.0
    The charge of complicity has been raised in debates over the ethics of fetal tissue transplantation and embryonic stem cell research. However, the applicability of the concept of complicity to these types of research is neither clear nor uncontroversial. This article discusses the historical case of Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist who conducted research on brains of mentally handicapped patients killed in the context of the Nazi ‘euthanasia’ programme. It is argued that this case constitutes a paradigm (...)
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  20. Prathap Tharyan (2012). Criminals in the Citadel and Deceit All Along the Watchtower: Irresponsibility, Fraud, and Complicity in the Search for Scientific Truth. Mens Sana Monographs 10 (1):158.score: 18.0
    Scientific research aims to use reliable methods to produce generalizable new knowledge in order to understand the human condition and maximize human potential. The sanctity accorded to scientific research has been violated by numerous instances of research fraud, as well as deceptive and conflicted research that have seriously harmed people, subverted the evidence-base, wasted valuable resources, and undermined public trust. This deception by individuals has been fostered by the unrealistic expectations of society; facilitated by the complicity of institutions and (...)
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  21. Chiara Lepora (2013). On Complicity and Compromise. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    Drawing on philosophy, law and political science, and on a wealth of practical experience delivering emergency medical services in conflict-ridden settings, Lepora and Goodin untangle the complexities surrounding compromise and complicity.
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  22. Lynn A. Jansen (2004). No Safe Harbor: The Principle of Complicity and the Practice of Voluntary Stopping of Eating and Drinking. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):61 – 74.score: 16.0
    In recent years, a number of writers have proposed voluntary stopping of eating and drinking as an alternative to physician-assisted suicide. This paper calls attention to and discusses some of the ethical complications that surround the practice of voluntary stopping of eating and drinking. The paper argues that voluntary stopping of eating and drinking raises very difficult ethical questions. These questions center on the moral responsibility of clinicians who care for the terminally ill as well as the nature and limits (...)
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  23. Tamar Schapiro (2003). Compliance, Complicity, and the Nature of Nonideal Conditions. Journal of Philosophy 100 (7):329-355.score: 15.0
  24. John Gardner (2004). Christopher Kutz, Complicity: Ethics and Law for a Collective Age:Complicity: Ethics and Law for a Collective Age. Ethics 114 (4):827-830.score: 15.0
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  25. Marcella Runell Hall (2011). Being White, Being Good: White Complicity, White Moral Responsibility and Social Justice Pedagogy. Journal of Moral Education 40 (4):537-539.score: 15.0
  26. A. Ravelingien, J. Braeckman, L. Crevits, D. De Ridder & E. Mortier (2009). 'Cosmetic Neurology' and the Moral Complicity Argument. Neuroethics 2 (3):151-162.score: 15.0
    Over the past decades, mood enhancement effects of various drugs and neuromodulation technologies have been proclaimed. If one day highly effective methods for significantly altering and elevating one’s mood are available, it is conceivable that the demand for them will be considerable. One urgent concern will then be what role physicians should play in providing such services. The concern can be extended from literature on controversial demands for aesthetic surgery. According to Margaret Little, physicians should be aware that certain aesthetic (...)
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  27. Kathy Hytten (2011). Being White, Being Good: White Complicity, White Moral Responsibility, and Social Justice Pedagogy. By Barbara Applebaum. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (3):573-576.score: 15.0
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  28. Peter G. Stillman & S. Anne Johnson (1994). Identity, Complicity, and Resistance in The Handmaid's Tale. Utopian Studies 5 (2):70 - 86.score: 15.0
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  29. Harriet Baber, Complicity.score: 15.0
    There appear to be at least two important disanalogies between the situation of women and that of racial and ethnic minorities whose members are generally regarded as paradigmatic victims of oppression. First, in the case of oppressed racial and ethnic minorities it is relatively easy to identify the oppressors and the policies which serve to keep the oppressed in their place; it is not so easy to determine who the oppressors of women are--surely men are not universally blameworthy--nor even to (...)
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  30. Robert D. Orr (2007). The Role of Moral Complicity in Issues of Conscience. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):23 – 24.score: 15.0
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  31. Chris Degeling, Cynthia Townley & Wendy Rogers (2011). Understanding Corporate Responsibility: Culture and Complicity. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (9):18-20.score: 15.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 9, Page 18-20, September 2011.
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  32. L. May (2002). Complicity: Ethics and Law for a Collective Age. Philosophical Review 111 (3):483-486.score: 15.0
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  33. Gerard Magill (2007). Cooperation, Complicity & Conscience: Problems in Healthcare, Science, Law and Public Policy. Edited by Helen Watt. Heythrop Journal 48 (3):487–488.score: 15.0
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  34. Jing-Bao Nie (2006). The United States Cover-Up of Japanese Wartime Medical Atrocities: Complicity Committed in the National Interest and Two Proposals for Contemporary Action. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):W21-W33.score: 15.0
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  35. Ronald Aronson (1990). Responsibility and Complicity. Philosophical Papers 19 (1):53-73.score: 15.0
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  36. Cecile Rousseau & Laurence Kirmayer (2010). From Complicity to Advocacy: The Necessity of Refugee Research. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):65-67.score: 15.0
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  37. Courtney S. Campbell & Jessica C. Cox (2010). Hospice and Physician-Assisted Death: Collaboration, Compliance, and Complicity. Hastings Center Report 40 (5):26-35.score: 15.0
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  38. W. Malcolm Byrnes Edward J. Furton (2009). Comments on “Moral Complicity in Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Research”. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):pp. 202-205.score: 15.0
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  39. C. Humphrey (2002). Stalin and the Blue Elephant: Paranoia and Complicity in Postcommunist Metahistories. Diogenes 49 (194):26-34.score: 15.0
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  40. Tatjana Hörnle (2007). Commentary to “Complicity and Causality”. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (2):143-149.score: 15.0
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  41. Scott Veitch (1999). Complicity. Res Publica 5 (2):227-232.score: 15.0
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  42. Barbara Applebaum (2006). Race Ignore-Ance, Colortalk, and White Complicity: White is…White Isn't1. Educational Theory 56 (3):345-362.score: 15.0
  43. John Robertson (2002). Crossing the Ethical Chasm: Embryo Status and Moral Complicity. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):33 – 34.score: 15.0
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  44. Barbara Applebaum (2007). White Complicity and Social Justice Education: Can One Be Culpable Without Being Liable? Educational Theory 57 (4):453-467.score: 15.0
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  45. Margaret Gilbert (2003). Complicity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (1):236-239.score: 15.0
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  46. Judith Lee Kissell (1998). Complicity and Narrative: Insight for the Healthcare Professional. [REVIEW] Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):263-269.score: 15.0
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  47. Daniel Yeager (1996). Helping, Doing, and the Grammar of Complicity. Criminal Justice Ethics 15 (1):25-35.score: 15.0
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  48. Jerome P. Kassirer (2005). On the Take: How America's Complicity with Big Business Can Endanger Your Health. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    We all know that doctors accept gifts from drug companies, ranging from pens and coffee mugs to free vacations at luxurious resorts. But as the former Editor-in-Chief of The New England Journal of Medicine reveals in this shocking expose, these innocuous-seeming gifts are just the tip of an iceberg that is distorting the practice of medicine and jeopardizing the health of millions of Americans today. In On the Take, Dr. Jerome Kassirer offers an unsettling look at the pervasive payoffs that (...)
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  49. Lindsay Farmer (2007). Complicity Beyond Causality. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (2):151-156.score: 15.0
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  50. M. Berghs (2006). Nursing, Obedience, and Complicity with Eugenics: A Contextual Interpretation of Nursing Morality at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):117-122.score: 15.0
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