Search results for 'component' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jessica M. Wilson (2009). The Causal Argument Against Component Forces. Dialectica 63 (4):525-554.
    Do component forces exist in conjoined circumstances? Cartwright (1980) says no; Creary (1981) says yes. I'm inclined towards Cartwright's side in this matter, but find several problems with her argumentation. My primary aim here is to present a better, distinctly causal, argument against component forces: very roughly, I argue that the joint posit of component and resultant forces in conjoined circumstances gives rise to a threat of causal overdetermination, avoidance of which best proceeds via eliminativism about (...) forces. A secondary aim is to show that rejecting component forces does not require, pace Cartwright, rejecting certain attractive theses about what laws of nature express and the role such laws play in scientific explanations. (shrink)
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  2. John Dilworth & Dylan Sabo (2014). A Dual-Component View of Propositional Grasping. Erkenntnis 79 (3):511-522.
    On a traditional or default view of the grasping or understanding of a singular proposition by an individual, it is assumed to be a unitary or holistic activity. However, naturalistic views of cognition plausibly could analyze propositional thinking in terms of more than one distinctive functional stage of cognitive processing, suggesting at least the potential legitimacy of a non-unitary analysis of propositional grasping. We outline a novel dual-component view of this kind, and show that it is well supported by (...)
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  3.  7
    Hye Joo Han, Richard Schweickert, Zhuangzhuang Xi & Charles Viau‐Quesnel (2016). The Cognitive Social Network in Dreams: Transitivity, Assortativity, and Giant Component Proportion Are Monotonic. Cognitive Science 40 (3):671-696.
    For five individuals, a social network was constructed from a series of his or her dreams. Three important network measures were calculated for each network: transitivity, assortativity, and giant component proportion. These were monotonically related; over the five networks as transitivity increased, assortativity increased and giant component proportion decreased. The relations indicate that characters appear in dreams systematically. Systematicity likely arises from the dreamer's memory of people and their relations, which is from the dreamer's cognitive social network. But (...)
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  4.  14
    Aurora García-Gallego, Nikolaos Georgantzís, Daniel Navarro-Martínez & Gerardo Sabater-Grande (2011). The Stochastic Component in Choice and Regression to the Mean. Theory and Decision 71 (2):251-267.
    In this article, we illustrate experimentally an important consequence of the stochastic component in choice behaviour which has not been acknowledged so far. Namely, its potential to produce ‘regression to the mean’ (RTM) effects. We employ a novel approach to individual choice under risk, based on repeated multiple-lottery choices (i.e. choices among many lotteries), to show how the high degree of stochastic variability present in individual decisions can distort crucially certain results through RTM effects. We demonstrate the point in (...)
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  5.  3
    John K. Collins (1971). Isolation of the Muscular Component in a Proprioceptive Spatial Aftereffect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):297.
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  6.  6
    Frank N. Dempster & William D. Rohwer (1974). Component Analysis of the Elaborative Encoding Effect in Paired-Associate Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):400.
  7.  7
    Edward A. Bilodeau (1955). Variations in Knowledge of Component Performance and its Effects Upon Part-Part and Part-Whole Relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):215.
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  8.  5
    George E. Briggs & W. J. Brogden (1954). The Effect of Component Practice on Performance of a Lever-Positioning Skill. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (5):375.
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  9.  5
    George E. Briggs & Marty R. Rockway (1966). Learning and Performance as a Function of the Percentage of Pursuit Component in a Tracking Display. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):165.
  10.  5
    John D. Gould (1965). Differential Visual Feedback of Component Motions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):263.
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  11.  5
    James H. Booth & L. J. Hammond (1971). Configural Conditioning: Greater Fear in Rats to Compound Than Component Through Overtraining of the Compound. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):255.
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  12.  2
    W. K. Estes & B. L. Hopkins (1961). Acquisition and Transfer in Pattern-Vs.-Component Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):322.
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  13.  3
    Michael E. Dawson & Fred W. Dunn (1973). Situational Generality of Conditioning Phenomena: Stimulus Generalization and Component Interaction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):440.
  14.  3
    Seong S. Lee & Robert M. Gagne (1970). Effects of Degree of Component Learnings on the Acquisition of a Complex Conceptual Rule. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):13.
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  15.  4
    Jack A. Adams & Carl E. Webber (1961). The Organization of Component Response Error Events in Two-Dimensional Visual Tracking. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (3):200.
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  16.  4
    Edward J. Crothers (1969). Arbitrary CVC Hierarchies Learned by Paired-Component Presentations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):285.
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  17.  3
    William J. Thomson & Romualdas Skvarcius (1972). Pattern Versus Component Discrimination Learning with Extended Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (2):233.
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  18.  2
    Irwin D. Nahinsky, William C. Penrod & Frank L. Slaymaker (1970). Relationship of Component Cues to Hypotheses in Conjunctive Concept Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):351.
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  19.  2
    George E. Briggs & Lawrence K. Waters (1958). Training and Transfer as a Function of Component Interaction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (6):492.
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  20.  1
    Thomas W. Baker (1969). Component Strength in a Compound CS as a Function of Number of Acquisition Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):347.
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  21.  1
    Joseph C. Campione, Michael McGrath & F. Michael Rabinowitz (1971). Component and Configurational Learning in Children: Additional Data. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):137.
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  22.  1
    Marcia D. Johns (1965). Transfer of a Pattern Versus Component Discrimination Following Training in a Probabilistic Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (5):506.
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  23.  1
    Gerald Rubin & Karl U. Smith (1952). Learning and Integration of Component Movements in a Pattern of Motion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (5):301.
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  24.  1
    Robert B. Welch, Chong Sook Choe & Daniel R. Heinrich (1974). Evidence for a Three-Component Model of Prism Adaptation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):700.
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  25.  1
    Michael D. Zeiler (1964). Component and Configurational Learning in Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):292.
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  26. Edward A. Bilodeau & Ina McD Bilodeau (1954). The Contribution of Component Activities to the Total Psychomotor Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (1):37-46.
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  27.  35
    Muriel J. Bebeau (2002). The Defining Issues Test and the Four Component Model: Contributions to Professional Education. Journal of Moral Education 31 (3):271-295.
    This article reviews studies examining the effect of professional education on ethical development. Most studies limit assessment to the measurement of moral judgement, observing that moral judgement plateaus during professional school unless an ethics intervention is present. Whereas interventions influence the shift to postconventional reasoning (the DIT P score), a more illuminating picture of change may emerge if researchers examined DIT profiles. More importantly, limiting assessment to measures of moral judgement ignores important aspects of moral functioning suggested by the Four (...)
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  28.  23
    Aanand D. Naik, Carmel B. Dyer, Mark E. Kunik & Laurence B. McCullough (2009). Patient Autonomy for the Management of Chronic Conditions: A Two-Component Re-Conceptualization. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):23 – 30.
    The clinical application of the concept of patient autonomy has centered on the ability to deliberate and make treatment decisions (decisional autonomy) to the virtual exclusion of the capacity to execute the treatment plan (executive autonomy). However, the one-component concept of autonomy is problematic in the context of multiple chronic conditions. Adherence to complex treatments commonly breaks down when patients have functional, educational, and cognitive barriers that impair their capacity to plan, sequence, and carry out tasks associated with chronic (...)
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  29.  85
    Darrell P. Rowbottom (forthcoming). On Component Forces in Physics: A Pragmatic View. In Hsiang-Ke Chao, Julian Reiss & Szu-Ting Chen (eds.), Philosophy of Science in Practice: Nancy Cartwright and the Nature of Scientific Reasoning.
    Do component forces exist? I argue that the answer lies in the affirmative, on historical and operational grounds.
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  30.  26
    Moti Salti, Yair Bar-Haim & Dominique Lamy (2012). The P3 Component of the ERP Reflects Conscious Perception, Not Confidence. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):961-968.
    Consistent with numerous electrophysiological studies, we recently reported that conscious perception is associated with a widely distributed modulation of the P3 component . We also showed that correct objective performance in the absence of subjective awareness is associated with a spatially more restricted modulation of the P3. The relatively late occurrence of the P3 along with lack of control for post-perceptual processes suggests that this component might reflect processes related to stimulus evaluation or confidence rather than to visual (...)
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  31.  9
    Dwayne Moore (2012). A Non-Reductive Model of Component Forces and Resultant Force. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):359-380.
    While there are reasons to believe that both component forces and a resultant force operate on a body in combined circumstances, the threat of overdetermination largely prevents adoption of this view. Accordingly, a lively debate has arisen over which force actually exists and which force is eliminated in combined circumstances, the components or the resultant. In this article I present a non-reductive model of resultant force which ensures the existence of both the resultant force and the component forces (...)
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  32.  67
    Sven Bernecker (1996). Externalism and the Attitudinal Component of Self-Knowledge. Noûs 30 (2):262-275.
    Tyler Burge and other externalists about mental content have tried to accommodate privileged self-knowledge and to neutralize skepticism about one's ability to authoritatively know one's present thoughts. I show that, though Burgean compatibilism explains knowing it is p I believe, it doesn't explain how I can have privileged knowledge that the state I occupy is a state of believing rather than, say, a state of doubting. Moreover, given externalism, self-knowledge of attitudinal component is vulnerable to a certain kind of (...)
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  33.  19
    Eric W. Stein & Norita Ahmad (2009). Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (Ahp) to Construct a Measure of the Magnitude of Consequences Component of Moral Intensity. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):391 - 407.
    The purpose of this work is to elaborate an empirically grounded mathematical model of the magnitude of consequences component of “moral intensity” (Jones, Academy of Management Review 16 (2),366, 1991) that can be used to evaluate different ethical situations. The model is built using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) (Saaty, The Analytic Hierarchy Process , 1980) and empirical data from the legal profession. One contribution of our work is that it illustrates how AHP can be applied in the field (...)
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  34.  9
    Jake Quilty‐Dunn (2015). Believing in Perceiving: Known Illusions and the Classical Dual‐Component Theory. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (4):550-575.
    According to a classic but nowadays discarded philosophical theory, perceptual experience is a complex of nonconceptual sensory states and full-blown propositional beliefs. This classical dual-component theory of experience is often taken to be obsolete. In particular, there seem to be cases in which perceptual experience and belief conflict: cases of known illusions, wherein subjects have beliefs contrary to the contents of their experiences. Modern dual-component theories reject the belief requirement and instead hold that perceptual experience is a complex (...)
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  35.  70
    Sebastian Lutz, Choosing the Analytic Component of Theories.
    I provide a compact reformulation of Carnap’s conditions of adequacy for the analytic and the synthetic component of a theory and show that, contrary to arguments by Winnie and Demopoulos, Carnap’s conditions of adequacy need not be supplemented by another condition. This has immediate implications for the analytic component of reduction sentences.
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  36.  76
    Alexander Sarch (2012). Multi-Component Theories of Well-Being and Their Structure. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):439-471.
    The ‘adjustment strategy’ currently seems to be the most common approach to incorporating objective elements into one's theory of well-being. These theories face a certain problem, however, which can be avoided by a different approach – namely, that employed by ‘partially objective multi-component theories.’ Several such theories have recently been proposed, but the question of how to understand their mathematical structure has not been adequately addressed. I argue that the most mathematically simple of these multi-component theories fails, so (...)
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  37.  57
    Helena De Preester (2012). The Sensory Component of Imagination: The Motor Theory of Imagination as a Present-Day Solution to Sartre's Critique. Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):1-18.
    Several recent accounts claim that imagination is a matter of simulating perceptual acts. Although this point of view receives support from both phenomenological and empirical research, I claim that Jean-Paul Sartre's worry formulated in L'imagination (1936) still holds. For a number of reasons, Sartre heavily criticizes theories in which the sensory material of imaginative acts consists in reviving sensory impressions. Based on empirical and philosophical insights, this article explains how simulation theories of imagination can overcome Sartre's critique by paying attention (...)
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  38.  12
    Antonio Di Nola, Francesc Esteva, Pere Garcia, Lluís Godo & Salvatore Sessa (2002). Subvarieties of BL-Algebras Generated by Single-Component Chains. Archive for Mathematical Logic 41 (7):673-685.
    In this paper we study and equationally characterize the subvarieties of BL, the variety of BL-algebras, which are generated by families of single-component BL-chains, i.e. MV-chains, Product-chain or Gödel-chains. Moreover, it is proved that they form a segment of the lattice of subvarieties of BL which is bounded by the Boolean variety and the variety generated by all single-component chains, called ŁΠG.
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  39.  49
    David Badre (2011). Defining an Ontology of Cognitive Control Requires Attention to Component Interactions. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):217-221.
    Cognitive control is not only componential, but those components may interact in complicated ways in the service of cognitive control tasks. This complexity poses a challenge for developing an ontological description, because the mapping may not be direct between our task descriptions and true component differences reflected in indicators. To illustrate this point, I discuss two examples: (a) the relationship between adaptive gating and working memory and (b) the recent evidence for a control hierarchy. From these examples, I argue (...)
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  40.  39
    Helena Preester (2013). Merleau-Ponty's Sexual Schema and the Sexual Component of Body Integrity Identity Disorder. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):171-184.
    Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), formerly also known as apotemnophilia, is characterized by a desire for amputation of a healthy limb and is claimed to straddle or to even blur the boundary between psychiatry and neurology. The neurological line of approach, however, is a recent one, and is accompanied or preceded by psychodynamical, behavioural, philosophical, and psychiatric approaches and hypotheses. Next to its confusing history in which the disorder itself has no fixed identity and could not be classified under a (...)
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  41.  17
    Patricia McCourt Larres & Mark Mulgrew (2009). A Review of an Initiative to Introduce a Short Ethics Component Into a Non-Ethics Course at a U.K. University. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics Education 6:5-23.
    This paper discusses the introduction of a short ethics component into a first-year undergraduate accounting information systems course at a UK university. The influence of this ethics component on students’ ethical perceptions—where ethical perceptions are represented by the extent to which students’ conclusions regarding unethical actions coincide with those of experts in the field—is then assessed using computer-based scenarios to represent seven categories of ethicalnorms. The ethical perceptions in each of the scenarios are then statistically compared between two (...)
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  42.  41
    Christophe Phillips & Rafael Malach, Identifying the Default-Mode Component in Spatial IC Analyses of Patients with Disorders of Consciousness.
    Objectives: Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the defaultmode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers. We here aimed to identify the DMN in the challenging patient population of disorders of consciousness encountered following coma. Experimental design: A spatial independent component analysis-based methodology permitted DMN assessment, decomposing connectivity in all its different sources either neuronal or artifactual. Three different selection criteria were introduced assessing anticorrelation-corrected connectivity (...)
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  43.  28
    Corin Gurr, John Lee & Keith Stenning (1998). Theories of Diagrammatic Reasoning: Distinguishing Component Problems. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 8 (4):533-557.
    Theories of diagrams and diagrammatic reasoning typically seek to account for either the formal semantics of diagrams, or for the advantages which diagrammatic representations hold for the reasoner over other forms of representation. Regrettably, almost no theory exists which accounts for both of these issues together, nor how they affect one another. We do not attempt to provide such an account here. We do, however, seek to lay out larger context than is generally used for examining the processes of using (...)
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  44.  13
    Oliver Stiemerling & Armin B. Cremers (2000). TheEvolve Project: Component-Based Tailorability for CSCW Applications. [REVIEW] AI and Society 14 (1):120-141.
    platform, whose design concepts are described. Furthermore, a concrete example for the application of the approach to the design of a tailorable distributed coordination tool is given. We discuss related work, summarise the current state of the component-based tailorability approach and propose venues of further research.
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  45.  19
    T. Allan Hillman (2013). Leibniz and Luther on the Non-Cognitive Component of Faith. Sophia 52 (2):219-234.
    Leibniz was a Lutheran. Yet, upon consideration of certain aspects of his philosophical theology, one might suspect that he was a Lutheran more in name than in intellectual practice. Clearly Leibniz was influenced by the Catholic tradition; this is beyond doubt. However, the extent to which Leibniz was influenced by his own Lutheran tradition—indeed, by Martin Luther himself—has yet to be satisfactorily explored. In this essay, the views of Luther and Leibniz on the non-cognitive component of faith are considered (...)
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  46.  12
    Liviu Movileanu & Dumitru Popescu (1998). A Theoretical Model for the Association Probabilities of Saturated Phospholipids From Two-Component Bilayer Lipid Membranes. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4):347-368.
    The non-random mixing of biomembrane components, especially saturated phospholipids, exhibits important consequences in molecular biology. Particularly, the distribution of lipids within natural and model membranes is strongly determined by the selective association processes. These processes of phospholipids take place due to the cooperative modes in multiparticle systems as well as the specific lipid-lipid interactions both in the hydrophobic core and in the region of the polar headgroups. We demonstrated that the investigation of the selective association processes of saturated phospholipids might (...)
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  47.  6
    Agnes Verbiest (1989). Confrontation in Conversations: The Adjacency Pair as a Tool of the Descriptive Component of a Pragma-Dialectical Analysis. [REVIEW] Argumentation 3 (4):395-400.
    Within the Pragma-Dialectical School of argumentation theory both a normative and a descriptive component are essential in order to account for a reconstruction of argumentative language use. This paper concentrates on the descriptive component and discusses the choice of the adjacency pair as a tool for the systematic description of the confrontation stage of argumentative conversations. First a structural description of confrontation in conversation is developed from the discourse analytical approach to argumentation of Jackson and Jacobs, within the (...)
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  48.  5
    Malcolm R. Forster (1988). The Confirmation of Common Component Causes. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:3 - 9.
    This paper aims to show how Whewell's notions of consilience and unification-explicated in more modern probabilistic terms provide a satisfying treatment of cases of scientific discovery Which require the postulatioin component causes to explain complex events. The results of this analysis support the received view that the increased unification and generality of theories leads to greater testability, and confirmation if the observations are favorable. This solves a puzzle raised by Cartwright in How the Laws of Physics Lie about the (...)
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  49.  7
    Patrick O'Sullivan & Ola Ngau (2014). Whistleblowing: A Critical Philosophical Analysis of the Component Moral Decisions of the Act and Some New Perspectives on its Moral Significance. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (4):401-415.
    Discussions of whistleblowing whether in academic literature or in more popular media have tended to very one-sided assessments of the moral worth of the act. Indeed, much of the current literature concentrates on psychological or managerial aspects of whistleblowing while taking for granted this or that moral position or eschewing any normative commitment on the question. The purpose of this article is firstly to reemphasise the importance and complexity of the normative foundations of whistleblowing acts; and secondly, through a moral (...)
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  50.  12
    Moti Nissani (1995). An Experiential Component in Teaching Philosophy of Science. Teaching Philosophy 18 (2):147-154.
    The author presents an updated version of J.B. Conant's vision of the inclusion of hands-on experiences and self-contained historical case studies in introductory philosophy of science course. The experiential component is often neglected in philosophy of science courses. Students are usually given scientific facts, concepts, and practices as their formal introduction to the material, which prohibits them from engaging with the question of the nature of science in general. Student finish courses without adequate experience of the concepts or objects (...)
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