Search results for 'consilience' (try it on Scholar)

72 found
Sort by:
  1. Menachem Fisch (1985). Whewell's Consilience of Inductions--An Evaluation. Philosophy of Science 52 (2):239-255.score: 12.0
    The paper attempts to elucidate and evaluate William Whewell's notion of a "consilience of inductions." In section I Whewellian consilience is defined and shown to differ considerably from what latter-day writers talk about when they use the term. In section II a primary analysis of consilience is shown to yield two types of consilient processes, one in which one of the lower-level laws undergoes a conceptual change (the case aptly discussed in Butts [1977]), and one in which (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Edward Slingerland & Mark Collard (eds.) (2012). Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities. OUP USA.score: 12.0
    Calls for a "consilient" or "vertically integrated" approach to the study of human mind and culture have, for the most part, been received by scholars in the humanities with either indifference or hostility. One reason for this is that consilience has often been framed as bringing the study of humanistic issues into line with the study of non-human phenomena, rather than as something to which humanists and scientists contribute equally. The other major reason that consilience has yet to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. José Hernandez-Orallo (1998). A Computational Definition of 'Consilience'. Philosophica 61 (1):19-37.score: 12.0
    This paper defines in a formal and computational way the notion of ‘consilience’, a term introduced by Whewell in 1847 for the evaluation of scientific theories. Informally, as has been used to date, a model or theory is ‘consilient’ if it is predictive, explanatory and unifies the evide-nce. Centred in a constructive framework, where new terms can be intro-duced, we essay a formalisation of the idea of unification based on the avoidance of ‘sepa-ration’. However, it is soon manifest that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Edward O. Wilson (1998). Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. Distributed by Random House.score: 12.0
    An enormous intellectual adventure. In this groundbreaking new book, the American biologist Edward O. Wilson, considered to be one of the world's greatest living scientists, argues for the fundamental unity of all knowledge and the need to search for consilience--the proof that everything in our world is organized in terms of a small number of fundamental natural laws that comprise the principles underlying every branch of learning. Professor Wilson, the pioneer of sociobiology and biodiversity, now once again breaks out (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Mark Fedyk (2014). How (Not) to Bring Psychology and Biology Together. Philosophical Studies 1:1-19.score: 9.0
    Evolutionary psychologists often try to “bring together” biology and psychology by making predictions about what specific psychological mechanisms exist from theories about what patterns of behaviour would have been adaptive in the EEA for humans. This paper shows that one of the deepest methodological generalities in evolutionary biology—that proximate explanations and ultimate explanations stand in a many-to-many relation—entails that this inferential strategy is unsound. Ultimate explanations almost never entail the truth of any particular proximate hypothesis. But of course it does (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Robert Ayres, Jeroen van den Berrgh & John Gowdy (2001). Strong Versus Weak Sustainability: Economics, Natural Sciences, and Consilience. Environmental Ethics 23 (2):155-168.score: 9.0
    The meaning of sustainability is the subject of intense debate among environmental and resource economists. Perhaps no other issue separates more clearly the traditional economic view from the views of most natural scientists. The debate currently focuses on the substitutability between the economy and the environment or between “natural capital” and “manufactured capital”—a debate captured in terms of weak versus strong sustainability. In this article, we examine the various interpretations of these concepts. We conclude that natural science and economic perspectives (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Larry Laudan (1971). William Whewell on the Consilience of Inductions. The Monist 55 (3):368-391.score: 9.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Jiro Tanaka (2010). Consilience, Cultural Evolution, and the Humanities. Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 32-47.score: 9.0
  9. Christopher Hitchcock (2012). Portable Causal Dependence: A Tale of Consilience. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):942-951.score: 9.0
    This article describes research pursued by members of the McDonnell Collaborative on Causal Learning. A number of members independently converged on a similar idea: one of the central functions served by claims of actual causation is to highlight patterns of dependence that are highly portable into novel contexts. I describe in detail how this idea emerged in my own work and also in that of the psychologist Tania Lombrozo. In addition, I use the occasion to reflect on the nature of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. David Magnus (1996). Heuristics and Biases in Evolutionary Biology. Biology and Philosophy 12 (1):21-38.score: 9.0
    Approaching science by considering the epistemological virtues which scientists see as constitutive of good science, and the way these virtues trade-off against one another, makes it possible to capture action that may be lost by approaches which focus on either the theoretical or institutional level. Following Wimsatt (1984) I use the notion of heuristics and biases to help explore a case study from the history of biology. Early in the 20th century, mutation theorists and natural historians fought over the role (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. J. Philippe Rushton (2003). Race, Brain Size, and IQ: The Case for Consilience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):648-649.score: 9.0
    Data from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), autopsy, endocranial measurements, and other techniques show that: (1) brain size correlates 0.40 with cognitive ability; (2) average brain size varies by race; and (3) average cognitive ability varies by race. These results are as replicable as one will find in the social and behavioral sciences. They pose serious problems for Rose's claim that reductionistic science is inadequate, inefficient, and/or unproductive.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Malcolm R. Forster (2010). Miraculous Consilience of Quantum Mechanics. In. In Ellery Eells & James Fetzer (eds.), The Place of Probability in Science. Springer. 201--228.score: 9.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. L. Jonathan Cohen (1968). A Note on Consilience. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (1):70-71.score: 9.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Toni Vogel Carey (2013). Consilience. Philosophy Now 95:25-27.score: 9.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Miguel Capó, Marcos Nadal & Camilo J. Cela-Conde (2006). Moral Consilience. Biological Theory 1 (2):133-135.score: 9.0
  16. Nicholas C. Peroff (1999). Is Management an Art or a Science? A Clue in Consilience. Emergence 1 (1):92-109.score: 9.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Amitrajeet A. Batabyal (2000). Edward O. Wilson, Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (2):223-225.score: 9.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. R. E. Backhouse (2000). Reaffirming the Englightenment Vision A Review of Edward O. Wilson's Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (1):153-156.score: 9.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Rudolf Brun (2005). Transcendentalism or Empiricism? A Discussion of a Problem Raised in E. O. Wilson's Book Consilience. Zygon 40 (3):769-778.score: 9.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Joseph Carroll (1999). Wilson's Consilience and Literary Study. Philosophy and Literature 23 (2):393-413.score: 9.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. L. Jonathan Cohen (1968). An Argument That Confirmation Functors for Consilience Are Empirical Hypotheses. In Imre Lakatos (ed.), The Problem of Inductive Logic. Amsterdam, North Holland Pub. Co.. 247--250.score: 9.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. W. Harper (1989). Consilience and Natural Kind Reasoning (in Newton's Argument for Universal Gravitation) in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:115-152.score: 9.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. J. L. Mackie (1968). A Simple Model of Consilience'. In Imre Lakatos (ed.), The Problem of Inductive Logic. Amsterdam, North Holland Pub. Co..score: 9.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Mary Maxwell (1999). Edward O. Wilson Versus the Postmodernists Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, Edward O. Wilson (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998), 348 Pp., $25.50 Cloth, $14.00 Paper. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 13:243-245.score: 9.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Hugo Meynell (2011). Consilience of Los and Urizen. The Lonergan Review 3 (1):117-139.score: 9.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Edward Slingerland & Mark Collard (eds.) (forthcoming). Creating Consilience: Issues and Case Studies in Teh Integration of the Sciences and Humanities. OUP.score: 9.0
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Laura J. Snyder (2005). Consilience, Confirmation, and Realism. In P. Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 129--149.score: 9.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Edward O. Wilson (1998). Consilience and Complexity. Complexity 3 (5):17-21.score: 9.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. A. Wilkins (1999). Consilience, Complexity and Communication: Three Challenges at the Start of the New Century. Bioessays 21:983-984.score: 9.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Samuel M. Natale & Sebastian A. Sora (2010). Exceeding Our Grasp: Curricular Change and the Challenge to the Assumptive World. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):79 - 85.score: 7.0
    The recent global economic collapse brings new calls for reform and change as well as a re-examination of the ethical foundations underpining it. Most professors as well as students remain profoundly unhappy with the Business Curricula. The curricula appear to swing between technological training and academic theory. There is little genuine focus on the central issue of the problem: the students’ and faculty’s assumptive world which drives the selection of the materials chosen for presentation as well as the decision-making process. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Massimo Pigliucci (2012). Who Knows What - The War Between Science and the Humanities. Aeon.score: 6.0
    Whenever we try to make an inventory of humankind’s store of knowledge, we stumble into an ongoing battle between what CP Snow called ‘the two cultures’. On one side are the humanities, on the other are the sciences (natural and physical), with social science and philosophy caught somewhere in the middle. This is more than a turf dispute among academics. It strikes at the core of what we mean by human knowledge.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Boaz Miller (2013). When is Consensus Knowledge Based? Distinguishing Shared Knowledge From Mere Agreement. Synthese 190 (7):1293-1316.score: 3.0
    Scientific consensus is widely deferred to in public debates as a social indicator of the existence of knowledge. However, it is far from clear that such deference to consensus is always justified. The existence of agreement in a community of researchers is a contingent fact, and researchers may reach a consensus for all kinds of reasons, such as fighting a common foe or sharing a common bias. Scientific consensus, by itself, does not necessarily indicate the existence of shared knowledge among (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Brian Fiala, Adam Arico & Shaun Nichols (2011). On the Psychological Origins of Dualism: Dual-Process Cognition and the Explanatory Gap. In Edward Slingerland & Mark Collard (eds.), Creating Consilience: Issues and Case Studies in teh Integration of the Sciences and Humanities. OUP.score: 3.0
    Consciousness often presents itself as a problem for materialists because no matter which physical explanation we consider, there seems to remain something about conscious experience that hasn't been fully explained. This gives rise to an apparent explanatory gap. The explanatory gulf between the physical and the conscious is reflected in the broader population, in which dualistic intuitions abound. Drawing on recent empirical evidence, this essay presents a dual-process cognitive model of consciousness attribution. This dual-process model, we suggest, provides an important (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. L. A. Whitt (1988). Conceptual Dimensions of Theory Appraisal. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):517-529.score: 3.0
    AFTER ARGUING THAT LAUDAN’S ACCOUNT OF THE ROLE OF CONCEPTUAL CONSIDERATIONS IN THEORY APPRAISAL IS INADEQUATE AND UNSATISFYING IN A NUMBER OF RESPECTS, I SUGGEST SOME OF THE WAYS IN WHICH WE MIGHT MOVE TO DEVELOP AN ALTERNATIVE ACCOUNT. THIS ALTERNATIVE PRESUPPOSES A PROBLEM-SOLVING METHODOLOGY AND, UNLIKE THE LAUDANIAN APPROACH, AWARDS A CRUCIAL ROLE TO EMPIRICAL RESEARCH IN THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONCEPTUAL PROBLEMS TROUBLING A THEORY. THREE WAYS IN WHICH A THEORY MAY ENHANCE THE CONCEPTUAL RESOURCES WHICH IT SUPPLIES (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Laura J. Snyder (2005). Confirmation for a Modest Realism. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):839-849.score: 3.0
    In the nineteenth century, William Whewell claimed that his confirmation criterion of consilience was a truth-guarantor: we could, he believed, be certain that a consilient theory was true. Since that time Whewell has been much ridiculed for this claim by critics such as J. S. Mill and Bas van Fraassen. I have argued elsewhere that, while Whewell's claim that consilience can guarantee the truth of a theory is clearly wrong, consilience is indeed quite useful as a confirmation (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Michael Ruse (1987). Biological Species: Natural Kinds, Individuals, or What? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):225-242.score: 3.0
    What are biological species? Aristotelians and Lockeans agree that they are natural kinds; but, evolutionary theory shows that neither traditional philosophical approach is truly adequate. Recently, Michael Ghiselin and David Hull have argued that species are individuals. This claim is shown to be against the spirit of much modern biology. It is concluded that species are natural kinds of a sort, and that any 'objectivity' they possess comes from their being at the focus of a consilience of inductions.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Thomas B. Ellis (2012). Growing Up Amid the Religion and Science Affair: A Perspective From Indology. Zygon 47 (3):589-607.score: 3.0
    Abstract This article identifies the tropes of “maturity” and “immaturity” in the dialogue between religion and science. On both sides of the aisle, authors charge, either directly or indirectly, that their dissenting interlocutors are not mature enough to see the value of their respective positions. Such accusations have recently emerged in discussions pertaining to Hindu theology, Indology, and science. Those who dismiss the substance dualism of Hindu yoga, according to Jonathan B. Edelmann, evince immaturity. Appeals to Hindu yoga are yet (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Matthew J. Brown (2009). Models and Perspectives on Stage: Remarks on Giere's Scientific Perspectivism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):213-220.score: 3.0
    Ron Giere's recent book Scientific Perspectivism sets out an account of science that attempts to forge a via media between two popular extremes: absolutist, objectivist realism on the one hand, and social constructivism or skeptical anti-realism on the other. The key for Giere is to treat both scientific observation and scientific theories as perspectives, which are limited, partial, contingent, context-, agent- and purpose-dependent, and pluralism-friendly, while nonetheless world-oriented and modestly realist. Giere's perspectivism bears significant similarly to early writings by Paul (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Louis C. Charland (2002). The Natural Kind Status of Emotion. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (4):511-37.score: 3.0
    It has been argued recently that some basic emotions should be considered natural kinds. This is different from the question whether as a class emotions form a natural kind; that is, whether emotion is a natural kind. The consensus on that issue appears to be negative. I argue that this pessimism is unwarranted and that there are in fact good reasons for entertaining the hypothesis that emotion is a natural kind. I interpret this to mean that there exists a distinct (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Lyle Zynda (2000). Representation Theorems and Realism About Degrees of Belief. Philosophy of Science 67 (1):45-69.score: 3.0
    The representation theorems of expected utility theory show that having certain types of preferences is both necessary and sufficient for being representable as having subjective probabilities. However, unless the expected utility framework is simply assumed, such preferences are also consistent with being representable as having degrees of belief that do not obey the laws of probability. This fact shows that being representable as having subjective probabilities is not necessarily the same as having subjective probabilities. Probabilism can be defended on the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Brian Leiter, Explaining Theoretical Disagreement.score: 3.0
    Shapiro (2007) has recently argued that Dworkin posed a new objection to legal positivism in Law's Empire, to which positivists, he says, have not adequately responded. Positivists, the objection goes, have no satisfactory account of what Dworkin calls “theoretical disagreement” about law, that is, disagreement about “the grounds of law” or what positivists would call the criteria of legal validity. I agree with Shapiro that the critique is new, and disagree that it has not been met. Positivism can not offer (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Richard Arthur, Leery Bedfellows: Newton and Leibniz on the Status of Infinitesimals.score: 3.0
    Newton and Leibniz had profound disagreements concerning metaphysics and the relationship of mathematics to natural philosophy, as well as deeply opposed attitudes towards analysis. Nevertheless, or so I shall argue, despite these deeply held and distracting differences in their background assumptions and metaphysical views, there was a considerable consilience in their positions on the status of infinitesimals. In this paper I compare the foundation Newton provides in his Method Of First and Ultimate Ratios (sketched at some time between 1671 (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Mario Alai (2014). Novel Predictions and the No Miracle Argument. Erkenntnis 79 (2):297-326.score: 3.0
    Predictivists use the no miracle argument to argue that “novel” predictions are decisive evidence for theories, while mere accommodation of “old” data cannot confirm to a significant degree. But deductivists claim that since confirmation is a logical theory-data relationship, predicted data cannot confirm more than merely deduced data, and cite historical cases in which known data confirmed theories quite strongly. On the other hand, the advantage of prediction over accommodation is needed by scientific realists to resist Laudan’s criticisms of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Massimo Pigliucci (2007). Finding the Way in Phenotypic Space: The Origin and Maintenance of Constraints on Organismal Form. Annals of Botany 100:433-438.score: 3.0
    Background: One of the all-time questions in evolutionary biology regards the evolution of organismal shapes, and in particular why certain forms appear repeatedly in the history of life, others only seldom and still others not at all. Recent research in this field has deployed the conceptual framework of constraints and natural selection as measured by quantitative genetic methods. -/- Scope: In this paper I argue that quantitative genetics can by necessity only provide us with useful statistical sum- maries that may (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Timothy McGrew (2003). Confirmation, Heuristics, and Explanatory Reasoning. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (4):553-567.score: 3.0
    Recent work on inference to the best explanation has come to an impasse regarding the proper way to coordinate the theoretical virtues in explanatory inference with probabilistic confirmation theory, and in particular with aspects of Bayes's Theorem. I argue that the theoretical virtues are best conceived heuristically and that such a conception gives us the resources to explicate the virtues in terms of ceteris paribus theorems. Contrary to some Bayesians, this is not equivalent to identifying the virtues with likelihoods or (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Daniel Dennett & Christopher Viger, Is Hirsch or Wilson Confused? A Commentary on "The Pitfalls of Heritability ".score: 3.0
    In "The pitfalls of heritability," a review of Edward O. Wilson’s Consilience Times Literary Supplement, Feb 12, 1999, p33], Jerry Hirsch claims to have convicted Wilson of a "confusion about genetic similarity and difference." In his book, Wilson claims that if we assume that "a mere one thousand genes out of the fifty to a hundred thousand genes in the human genome were to exist in two forms in the population," the probability of any two humans--excluding identical siblings--having the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Larry Arnhart (2001). Thomistic Natural Law as Darwinian Natural Right. Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (1):1-33.score: 3.0
    The publication in 1975 of Edward O. Wilson's Sociobiology provoked a great controversy, for in that work Wilson claimed that ethics was rooted in human biology. On the first page of the book, he asserted that our deepest intuitions of right and wrong are guided by the emotional control centers of the brain, which evolved via natural selection to help the human animal exploit opportunities and avoid threats in the natural environment. In 1998, the publication of Wilson's Consilience renewed (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Martin Carrier (1991). What is Wrong with the Miracle Argument??☆. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1):23-36.score: 3.0
    One of the arguments advanced in favor of scientific realism is the 'miracle argument'. It says that for the anti-realist the predictive success of science appears as an utter miracle. This argument indeed has some prima facie plausibility, provided that it is sharpened by construing "predictive success" as prediction of previously unknown laws and the occurrence of a consilience of inductions. Still, the history of science teaches us that it is possible to arrive at predictive success in this sense (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Laura J. Snyder (2005). Confirmation for a Modest Realism. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):839-849.score: 3.0
    William Whewell was clearly wrong to claim that his confirmation criterion of consilience was a truth-guarantor. I argue here, however, that even when consilience gives evidence for a theory that turns out to be false, there is an important sense in which consilience shows that the theory has gotten something right. Consilience is a sign that a theory has uncovered something about the natural-kind structure of the physical world. Because of this, Whewell was correct to claim (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Valeriano Iranzo (2001). Bad Lots, Good Explanations (Malos lotes, buenas explicaciones). Crítica 33 (98):71 - 96.score: 3.0
    Van Fraassen's argument from the "bad lot" challenges realist interpretations of inference to the best explanation (IBE). In this paper I begin by discussing the replies suggested by S. Psillos and P. Lipton. I do not find them convincing. However, I think that van Fraassen's argument is flawed. First of all, it is a non sequitur. Secondly, I think that the real target for the scientific realist is the underlying assumption that epistemic justification results from a comparative assessment among rival (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 72