Search results for 'constancy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Brad J. Thompson (2006). Color Constancy and Russellian Representationalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):75-94.score: 24.0
    Representationalism, the view that phenomenal character supervenes on intentional content, has attracted a wide following in recent years. Most representationalists have also endorsed what I call 'standard Russellianism'. According to standard Russellianism, phenomenal content is Russellian in nature, and the properties represented by perceptual experiences are mind-independent physical properties. I argue that standard Russellianism conflicts with the everyday experience of colour constancy. Due to colour constancy, standard Russellianism is unable to simultaneously give a proper account of the phenomenal (...)
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  2. Jonathan Cohen (2008). Colour Constancy as Counterfactual. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):61 – 92.score: 24.0
    There is nothing in this World constant but Inconstancy. [Swift 1711: 258] In this paper I argue that two standard characterizations of colour constancy are inadequate to the phenomenon. This inadequacy matters, since, I contend, philosophical appeals to colour constancy as a way of motivating illumination-independent conceptions of colour turn crucially on the shortcomings of these characterizations. After critically reviewing the standard characterizations, I provide a novel counterfactualist understanding of colour constancy, argue that it avoids difficulties of (...)
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  3. David R. Hilbert (2005). Color Constancy and the Complexity of Color. Philosophical Topics 33 (1):141-158.score: 24.0
    We can start with a definition. “[C]olour constancy is the constancy of the perceived colours of surfaces under changes in the intensity and spectral composition of the illumination.” (Foster et al. 1997) Given the definition we can now ask a question: Does human color vision exhibit color constancy?1 The answer to the question depends in part on how we interpret it. If the question is understood as asking whether human color vision displays constancy for every possible (...)
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  4. Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber (2014). Constancy, Fidelity, and Integrity. In Stan van Hooft (ed.), The Handbook of Virtue Ethics. Acumen. 399-408.score: 24.0
    Integrity consists in constancy of commitment, fidelity to commitments, fidelity to getting it right, and concern with the balance of these attitudes.
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  5. Wayne Wright (2013). Color Constancy Reconsidered. Acta Analytica 28 (4):435-455.score: 24.0
    This article proposes an account of color constancy based on an examination of the relevant scientific literature. Differences in experimental settings and task instructions that lead to variation in subject performance are given particular attention. Based on the evidence discussed, the core of the proposal made is that there are two different forms of color constancy, one phenomenal and the other projective. This follows the hypothesis of Reeves et al. (Perception & Psychophysics 70:219–228, 2008). Unlike Reeves et al. (...)
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  6. Stefanie Rocknak (2013). Constancy and Coherence in 1.4.2 of Hume’s Treatise: The Root of “Indirect” Causation and Hume’s Position on Objects. The European Legacy (4):444-456.score: 24.0
    This article shows that in 1.4.2.15-24 of the Treatise of Human Nature, Hume presents his own position on objects, which is to be distinguished from both the vulgar and philosophical conception of objects. Here, Hume argues that objects that are effectively imagined to have a “perfect identity” are imagined due to the constancy and coherence of our perceptions (what we may call ‘level 1 constancy and coherence’). In particular, we imagine that objects cause such perceptions, via what I (...)
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  7. Ron Beadle (2013). Managerial Work in a Practice-Embodying Institution: The Role of Calling, The Virtue of Constancy. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):679-690.score: 24.0
    What can be learned from a small scale study of managerial work in a highly marginal and under-researched working community? This article uses the ‘goods–virtues–practices–institutions’ framework to examine the managerial work of owner–directors of traditional circuses. Inspired by MacIntyre’s arguments for the necessity of a narrative understanding of the virtues, interviews explored how British and Irish circus directors accounted for their working lives. A purposive sample was used to select subjects who had owned and managed traditional touring circuses for at (...)
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  8. Elisabeth Huberle Johannes Rennig, Hans-Otto Karnath (2013). The Role of Size Constancy for the Integration of Local Elements Into a Global Shape. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Visual perception depends on the visual context and is likely to be influenced by size constancy, which predicts a size and distance invariant perception of objects. However, size constancy can also result in optical illusions that allow the manipulation of the perceived size. We thus asked whether the integration of local elements into a global object can be influenced by manipulations of the visual context and size constancy? A set of stimuli was applied in healthy individuals that (...)
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  9. Phillip John Meadows (2013). On A. D. Smith's Constancy Based Defence of Direct Realism. Philosophical Studies 163 (2):513-525.score: 22.0
    This paper presents an argument against A D Smith’s Direct Realist theory of perception, which attempts to defend Direct Realism against the argument from illusion by appealing to conscious perceptual states that are structured by the perceptual constancies. Smith’s contention is that the immediate objects of perceptual awareness are characterised by these constancies, which removes any difficulty there may be in identifying them with the external, or normal, objects of awareness. It is here argued that Smith’s theory does not provide (...)
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  10. Sean Dorrance Kelly (2008). Content and Constancy: Phenomenology, Psychology, and the Content of Perception. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (3):682–690.score: 21.0
  11. Mark Eli Kalderon (2008). Metamerism, Constancy, and Knowing Which. Mind 117 (468):549-585.score: 21.0
    When Norm perceives a red tomato in his garden, Norm perceives the tomato and its sensible qualities.
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  12. Nicholas Pastore (1977). Reply to George: Thomas Reid and the Constancy Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science 44 (June):297-302.score: 21.0
  13. V. R. Carlson (1962). Size-Constancy Judgments and Perceptual Compromise. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):68.score: 21.0
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  14. Dale W. Kaess, S. Dziurawiec Haynes, M. J. Craig, S. C. Pearson & J. Greenwell (1974). Effect of Distance and Size of Standard Object on the Development of Shape Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):17.score: 21.0
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  15. John J. McCann, Carinna Parraman & Alessandro Rizzi (2014). Reflectance, Illumination, and Appearance in Color Constancy. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 21.0
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  16. H. M. Johnson (1924). Speed, Accuracy and Constancy of Response to Visual Stimuli as Related to the Distribution of Brightnesses Over the Visual Field. Journal of Experimental Psychology 7 (1):1.score: 21.0
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  17. H. Leibowitz, Nancy A. Myers & P. Chinetti (1955). The Role of Simultaneous Contrast in Brightness Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):15.score: 21.0
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  18. Hans Wallach (1948). Brightness Constancy and the Nature of Achromatic Colors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (3):310.score: 21.0
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  19. R. M. Cruikshank & E. Feigenbaum (1941). A Note on the Influence of Praise and Reproof Upon Size Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (6):524.score: 21.0
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  20. William H. Lichte & C. Robert Borresen (1967). Influence of Instructions on Degree of Shape Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (4, Pt.1):538-542.score: 21.0
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  21. R. B. MacLeod (1940). Brightness-Constancy in Unrecognized Shadows. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (1):1.score: 21.0
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  22. C. Robert Borresen & William H. Lichte (1962). Shape-Constancy: Dependence Upon Stimulus Familiarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):91.score: 21.0
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  23. C. E. Henry (1941). Electroencephalographic Individual Differences and Their Constancy: I. During Sleep. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):117.score: 21.0
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  24. William H. Lichte (1952). Shape Constancy: Dependence Upon Angle of Rotation; Individual Differences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (1):49.score: 21.0
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  25. Jerome L. Singer (1952). Personal and Environmental Determinants of Perception in a Size Constancy Experiment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (6):420.score: 21.0
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  26. Robert C. Bolles & Daniel E. Bailey (1956). Importance of Object Recognition in Size Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (3):222.score: 21.0
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  27. John W. Cotton & Mitri E. Shanab (1968). Number of Dimensions, Stimulus Constancy, and Reinforcement in a Pseudo Concept-Identification Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):464.score: 21.0
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  28. Bruce Dunn & H. Leibowitz (1961). The Effect of Separation Between Test and Inducing Fields on Brightness Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (6):505.score: 21.0
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  29. Harold W. Hake & Albert E. Myers (1969). Familiarity and Shape Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):205.score: 21.0
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  30. T. G. Hermans (1937). Visual Size Constancy as a Function of Convergence. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (2):145.score: 21.0
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  31. Dale W. Kaess (1970). Form Constancy and the Perceptual Task: A Developmental Study. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):465.score: 21.0
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  32. G. Katona (1935). Color-Contrast and Color-Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (1):49.score: 21.0
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  33. Tracy S. Kendler & Howard H. Kendler (1962). Inferential Behavior in Children as a Function of Age and Subgoal Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (5):460.score: 21.0
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  34. H. Leibowitz & P. Chinetti (1957). Effect of Reduced Exposure Duration on Brightness Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (1):49.score: 21.0
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  35. L. J. Lennon (1934). The Constancy of Hypochromatic Vision. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (5):662.score: 21.0
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  36. Douglas L. Nelson, Joseph Wheeler & Steven Bercov (1970). Variations in Item Availability and Distinctiveness and the Role of Temporal Constancy Cues in Serial Anticipation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):463.score: 21.0
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  37. Olin W. Smith (1958). Distance Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (4):388.score: 21.0
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  38. C. O. Weber (1933). The Constancy of Gray with Constant and with Changing Illumination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (6):815.score: 21.0
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  39. John J. Winters & David Baldwin (1971). Development of Two- and Three-Dimensional Size Constancy Under Restricted Cue Conditions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):113.score: 21.0
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  40. David H. Foster (2003). Does Colour Constancy Exist? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):439-443.score: 18.0
    For a stable visual world, the colours of objects should appear the same under different lights. This property of colour constancy has been assumed to be fundamental to vision, and many experimental attempts have been made to quantify it. I contend here, however, that the usual methods of measurement are either too coarse or concentrate not on colour constancy itself, but on other, complementary aspects of scene perception. Whether colour constancy exists other than in nominal terms remains (...)
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  41. Boyd Millar (2013). Colour Constancy and Fregean Representationalism. Philosophical Studies 164 (1):219-231.score: 18.0
    All representationalists maintain that there is a necessary connection between an experience’s phenomenal character and intentional content; but there is a disagreement amongst representationalists regarding the nature of those intentional contents that are necessarily connected to phenomenal character. Russellian representationalists maintain that the relevant contents are composed of objects and/or properties, while Fregean representationalists maintain that the relevant contents are composed of modes of presentation of objects and properties. According to Fregean representationalists such as David Chalmers and Brad Thompson, the (...)
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  42. Wayne Wu (2013). Visual Spatial Constancy and Modularity: Does Intention Penetrate Vision? Philosophical Studies 165 (2):647-669.score: 18.0
    Is vision informationally encapsulated from cognition or is it cognitively penetrated? I shall argue that intentions penetrate vision in the experience of visual spatial constancy: the world appears to be spatially stable despite our frequent eye movements. I explicate the nature of this experience and critically examine and extend current neurobiological accounts of spatial constancy, emphasizing the central role of motor signals in computing such constancy. I then provide a stringent condition for failure of informational encapsulation that (...)
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  43. Michael Madary (2012). Husserl on Perceptual Constancy. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):145-165.score: 18.0
    Abstract: In philosophy, perceptual constancy refers to the puzzling phenomenon of the perception of properties of objects despite our changing experience of those properties. Husserl developed a sophisticated description of perceptual constancy. In this paper I sketch Husserl's approach, which focuses on the suggestion that perception is partly constituted by the continuous interplay of intention and fulfilment. Unlike many contemporary theories, this framework gives us a way to understand the relationship between different appearances of the same object. I (...)
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  44. Joshua Gert (2010). Color Constancy and the Color/Value Analogy. Ethics 121 (1):58-87.score: 18.0
    This article explains and defends the existence of value constancy, understood on the model of color constancy. Color constancy involves a phenomenal distinction between the transient color appearances of objects and the unchanging colors that those objects appear to have. The existence of value constancy allows advocates of response-dependent accounts of value to reject the question “What is the uniquely appropriate attitude to have toward this evaluative property?” as containing a false uniqueness assumption. Rejecting this assumption (...)
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  45. Harvey R. Brown & Adolfo Maia Jr (1993). Light-Speed Constancy Versus Light-Speed Invariance in the Derivation of Relativistic Kinematics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):381-407.score: 18.0
    It is still perhaps not widely appreciated that in 1905 Einstein used his postulate concerning the ‘constancy’ of the light-speed in the ‘resting’ frame, in conjunction with the principle of relativity, to derive numerical light-speed invariance. Now a ‘weak’ version of the relativity principle (or, alternatively, appeal to the Michelson—Morley experiment) leads from Einstein's light postulate to a condition that we call universal light-speed constancy. which is weaker than light-speed invariance. It follows from earlier independent investigations (Robertson [1949]; (...)
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  46. D. J. Bennett (2012). Seeing Shape: Shape Appearances and Shape Constancy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):487-518.score: 18.0
    A coin rotating back in depth in some sense presents a changing, elliptical shape. How are we to understand such (in this case) ‘appearances of ellipticality’? How is the experiential sense of such shifting shape appearances related to the experiential sense of enduring shape definitive of perceived shape constancy? Is the experiential recovery of surface shape based on the prior (perhaps more fundamental) recovery of point or element 3D spatial locations?—or is the perception of shape a largely independent perceptual (...)
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  47. Peter Bradley (2008). Constancy, Categories and Bayes: A New Approach to Representational Theories of Color Constancy. Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):601 – 627.score: 18.0
    Philosophers have long sought to explain perceptual constancy—the fact that objects appear to remain the same color, size and shape despite changes in the illumination condition, perspective and the relative distance—in terms of a mechanism that actively categorizes variable stimuli under the same pre-formed conceptual categories. Contemporary representationalists, on the other hand, explain perceptual constancy in terms of a modular mechanism that automatically discounts variation in the visual field to represent the stable properties of objects. In this paper (...)
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  48. David Hilbert (2012). Constancy, Content, and Inference. In Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.), Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. Oup Oxford. 199.score: 18.0
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  49. David Grandy (2011). Gibson's Ambient Light and Light Speed Constancy. Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):1-16.score: 18.0
    Special relativity insists that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant for all inertial observers. This is often said to be counterintuitive: why should light alone, among all things in the world, return the same speed value to all inertial observers, regardless of their different states of motion? I argue that this question or puzzle arises because physics misconstrues light by characterizing it as a freestanding phenomenon. As James Gibson insisted, and as any analysis of the visual experience (...)
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