Search results for 'context dependence' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Context Dependence (1997). V. Attitude Ascriptions and Context Dependence. In Dunja Jutronic (ed.), The Maribor Papers in Naturalized Semantics. Maribor. 243.score: 1740.0
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  2. Erich Rast (2011). Nonindexical Context-Dependence and the Interpretation as Abduction Approach. Lodz Journal of Pragmatics 7 (2):259-279.score: 240.0
    Abstract -/- Inclusive nonindexical context-dependence occurs when the preferred interpretation of an utterance implies its lexically-derived meaning. It is argued that the corresponding processes of free or lexically mandated enrichment can be modeled as abductive inference. A form of abduction is implemented in Simple Type Theory on the basis of a notion of plausibility, which is in turn regarded a preference relation over possible worlds. Since a preordering of doxastic alternatives taken for itself only amounts to a relatively (...)
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  3. Thomas Ede Zimmermann (2012). Context Dependence. In C. Maienborn, K. von Heusinger & P. Portner (eds.), Handbook of Semantics. Volume 3. de Gruyter.score: 240.0
    Linguistic expressions frequently make reference to the situation in which they are uttered. In fact, there are expressions whose whole point of use is to relate to their context of utterance. It is such expressions that this article is primarily about. However, rather than presenting the richness of pertinent phenomena (cf. Anderson & Keenan 1985), it concentrates on the theoretical tools provided by the (standard) two-dimensional analysis of context dependence, essentially originating with Kaplan (1989)--with a little help (...)
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  4. Itamar Francez (2010). Context Dependence and Implicit Arguments in Existentials. Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (1):11-30.score: 240.0
    This paper discusses the semantics of bare existentials , i.e. existentials in which nothing follows the post copular NP (e.g. There are four sections ). While it has sometimes been recognized that the interpretation of such sentences depends in some way on context, the exact nature of the context dependence involved has not been properly understood. It is shown that the meaning of bare existentials involves a set-denoting implicit argument, and that the range of interpretations found with (...)
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  5. Pietro Perconti (2002). Context-Dependence in Human and Animal Communication. Foundations of Science 7 (3):341-362.score: 240.0
    The aim of this paper is to show that humanlanguage is context-dependent in a veryspecific way. In order to support this thesis,a detailed comparison is made between the waysin which verbal expressions depend on thecontext of occurrence and evaluation and animalcommunication systems. The comparisonhighlights a series of analogies anddifferences between human language and thecommunication systems of other animals. Myproposal is to use the term `indexicality' toindicate the characteristic way of using thecontext in human language and to use the moregeneral (...)
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  6. Takashi Hayashi (2011). Context Dependence and Consistency in Dynamic Choice Under Uncertainty: The Case of Anticipated Regret. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 70 (4):399-430.score: 240.0
    We examine if and to what extent choice dispositions can allow dependence on contexts and maintain consistency over time, in a dynamic environment under uncertainty. We focus on one of the context dependence properties, opportunity dependence because of being affected by anticipated regret, where the consequentialist choice framework is maintained. There are two sources of potential inconsistency: one is arrival of information, and the other is changing opportunities. First, we go over the general method of resolution (...)
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  7. John Hawthorne (2006). Testing for Context-Dependence. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):443–450.score: 210.0
  8. Elijah Weber (2012). Context-Dependence in Searle's Impossibility Argument: A Reply to Butchard and D'Amico. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (3):433-444.score: 210.0
    John Searle claims that social-scientific laws are impossible because social phenomena are physically open-ended. William Butchard and Robert D’Amico have recently argued that, by Searle’s own lights, money is a social phenomena that is physically closed. However, Butchard and D’Amico rely on a limited set of data in order to draw this conclusion, and fail to appreciate the implications of Searle’s theory of social ontology with regard to the physical open-endedness of money. Money is not physically open-ended in the strong (...)
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  9. Jonathan Grose & Cedric Paternotte (2013). Social Norms: Repeated Interactions, Punishment, and Context Dependence. Public Reason 5 (1):3-13.score: 210.0
  10. Hans Kamp & Barbara Hall Partee (eds.) (2004). Context-Dependence in the Analysis of Linguistic Meaning. Elsevier.score: 192.0
    Does context and context-dependence belong to the research agenda of semantics - and, specifically, of formal semantics? Not so long ago many linguists and philosophers would probably have given a negative answer to the question. However, recent developments in formal semantics have indicated that analyzing natural language semantics without a thorough accommodation of context-dependence is next to impossible. The classification of the ways in which context and context-dependence enter semantic analysis, though, is (...)
     
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  11. Kent Bach (2012). Context Dependence. In Manuel García-Carpintero & Max Kölbel (eds.), The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Continuum International Pub..score: 180.0
    All sorts of things are context-dependent in one way or another. What it is appropriate to wear, to give, or to reveal depends on the context. Whether or not it is all right to lie, harm, or even kill depends on the context. If you google the phrase ‘depends on the context’, you’ll get several hundred million results. This chapter aims to narrow that down. In this context the topic is context dependence in (...)
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  12. Eugene Mills (2004). Williamson on Vagueness and Context-Dependence. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):635–641.score: 180.0
    Several philosophers offer explanations of linguistic vagueness by appealing to the referential context-dependence of vague terms. Timothy Williamson argues pre-emptively that any such approach must fail, on the grounds that context-dependence is neither necessary nor sufficient for vagueness. He supports this claim, in turn, by example. This paper argues that his examples fail to show that context-dependence is either unnecessary or insufficient for vagueness, and hence that he has failed by his own lights to (...)
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  13. Patrick A. Heelan (1970). Complementarity, Context Dependence, and Quantum Logic. Foundations of Physics 1 (2):95-110.score: 180.0
    Quantum-mechanical event descriptions are context-dependent descriptions. The role of quantum (nondistributive) logic is in the partial ordering of contexts rather than in the ordering of quantum-mechanical events. Moreover, the kind of quantum logic displayed by quantum mechanics can be easily inferred from the general notion of contextuality used in ordinary language. The formalizable core of Bohr's notion of complementarity is the type of context dependence discussed in this paper.
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  14. Lauren A. M. Lebois, Christine D. Wilson‐Mendenhall & Lawrence W. Barsalou (2014). Are Automatic Conceptual Cores the Gold Standard of Semantic Processing? The ContextDependence of Spatial Meaning in Grounded Congruency Effects. Cognitive Science 38 (7).score: 174.0
    According to grounded cognition, words whose semantics contain sensory-motor features activate sensory-motor simulations, which, in turn, interact with spatial responses to produce grounded congruency effects (e.g., processing the spatial feature of up for sky should be faster for up vs. down responses). Growing evidence shows these congruency effects do not always occur, suggesting instead that the grounded features in a word's meaning do not become active automatically across contexts. Researchers sometimes use this as evidence that concepts are not grounded, further (...)
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  15. François Récanati, Isidora Stojanovic & Neftalí Villanueva (eds.) (2010). Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity. Mouton de Gruyter.score: 162.0
     
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  16. Peter Lasersohn (2005). Context Dependence, Disagreement, and Predicates of Personal Taste. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (6):643--686.score: 156.0
    This paper argues that truth values of sentences containing predicates of “personal taste” such as fun or tasty must be relativized to individuals. This relativization is of truth value only, and does not involve a relativization of semantic content: If you say roller coasters are fun, and I say they are not, I am negating the same content which you assert, and directly contradicting you. Nonetheless, both our utterances can be true (relative to their separate contexts). A formal semantic theory (...)
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  17. Graeme Forbes, Context-Dependence and the Sorites.score: 156.0
    In Section 1 we describe the Sorites paradox and lay out options for a solution. In Section 2 we consider approaches which deny that all premises are true, and note that these solutions all seem open to a certain serious objection. In Section 3 we note a problem for the principle of transitivity of the conditional and present a contex- tualist resolution of the problem, according to which the “counterexamples” to transitivity involve the informal fallacy of shifting the context. (...)
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  18. Massimo Benerecetti, Paolo Bouquet & Chiara Ghidini (2001). On the Dimensions of Context Dependence: Partiality, Approximation, and Perspective. In. In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. 59--72.score: 156.0
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  19. Kees Van Deemter (1996). The Sorites Fallacy and the Context-Dependence of Vague Predicates. In Makoto Kanazawa, Christopher Pinon & Henriette de Swart (eds.), Quantifiers, Deduction, and Context. Csli.score: 156.0
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  20. Y. Greenberg (2007). Exceptions to Generics: Where Vagueness, Context Dependence and Modality Interact. Journal of Semantics 24 (2):131-167.score: 152.0
    This paper deals with the exceptions-tolerance property of generic sentences with indefinite singular and bare plural subjects (IS and BP generics, respectively) and with the way this property is connected to some well-known observations about felicity differences between the two types of generics (e.g. Lawler's 1973, Madrigals are popular vs. #A madrigal is popular). I show that whereas both IS and BP generics tolerate exceptional and contextually irrelevant individuals and situations in a strikingly similar way, which indicates the existence of (...)
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  21. Vassilios Karakostas (2007). Nonseparability, Potentiality, and the Context-Dependence of Quantum Objects. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (2):279 - 297.score: 150.0
    Standard quantum mechanics undeniably violates the notion of separability that classical physics accustomed us to consider as valid. By relating the phenomenon of quantum nonseparability to the all-important concept of potentiality, we effectively provide a coherent picture of the puzzling entangled correlations among spatially separated systems. We further argue that the generalized phenomenon of quantum nonseparability implies contextuality for the production of well-defined events in the quantum domain, whereas contextuality entails in turn a structural-relational conception of quantal objects, viewed as (...)
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  22. Francis Jeffry Pelletier (2003). Context Dependence and Compositionality. Mind and Language 18 (2):148–161.score: 150.0
    Some utterances of sentences such as ‘Every student failed the midterm exam’ and ‘There is no beer’ are widely held to be true in a conversation despite the facts that not every student in the world failed the midterm exam and that there is, in fact, some beer somewhere. For instance, the speaker might be talking about some particular course, or about his refrigerator. Stanley and Szabó (in Mind and Language v. 15, 2000) consider many different approaches to how contextual (...)
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  23. J. Stanley & Timothy Williamson (1995). Quantifiers and Context Dependence. Analysis 55 (4):291--295.score: 150.0
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  24. David Hunter (2011). Belief Ascription and Context Dependence. Philosophy Compass 6 (12):902-911.score: 150.0
  25. Alan Brinton (1977). Definite Descriptions and Context-Dependence. Noûs 11 (4):397-407.score: 150.0
  26. Philip Percival (1991). Knowability, Actuality, and the Metaphysics of Context-Dependence. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69 (1):82 – 97.score: 150.0
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  27. Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu (2012). On Dominance and Context-Dependence in Decisions Involving Multiple Attributes. Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):117-132.score: 150.0
    In decision-making involving multiple criteria or attributes, a decision maker first identifies all relevant evaluative attributes in making decisions. Then, a dominance principle is often invoked whenever applicable: whenever an option x is better than an option y in terms of some attribute and no worse than y in terms of any other attributes, x is judged to be better than y. If, however, this dominance principle is not applicable, then the decision maker determines the relative importance between the identified (...)
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  28. Anna Bergqvist (2013). Thick Concepts and Context Dependence. Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):221-232.score: 150.0
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  29. Martin Davies (1983). Actuality and Context Dependence II. Analysis 43 (3):128 - 133.score: 150.0
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  30. Stefanie Diana Hueber (2013). Revisiting the Context Dependence of Cofactor‐Recruiting Motifs. Bioessays 35 (7):585-585.score: 150.0
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  31. Anders Odenstedt (2003). Gadamer on Context-Dependence. Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):75 - 104.score: 150.0
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  32. François Recanati (2009). Compositionality, Semantic Flexibility, and Context-Dependence. In W. Hinzen, E. Machery & M. Werning (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Compositionality. Oxford. 00--00.score: 150.0
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  33. Peter Bosch (2009). Predicate Indexicality and Context Dependence. In Philippe de Brabanter & Mikhail Kissine (eds.), Utterance Interpretation and Cognitive Models. Emmerald Publishers. 20.score: 150.0
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  34. Graeme Forbes (1983). Actuality and Context Dependence I. Analysis 43 (3):123 - 128.score: 150.0
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  35. T. Adeusz Ciecierski (2010). Varieties of Context-Dependence. In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Philosophy of Language and Linguistics. Ontos Verlag.score: 150.0
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  36. Ingar Brinck (1999). Procedures and Strategies: Context-Dependence in Creativity. Philosophica 64 (2):33-47.score: 150.0
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  37. Katarzyna M. Jaszczolt (2000). The Default-Based Context-Dependence of Belief Reports. In K. Jaszczolt (ed.), The Pragmatics of Propositional Attitude Reports. Elsevier. 169--185.score: 150.0
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  38. Pelletier Francis Jeffry (2003). Context Dependence and Compositionality. Mind and Language 18 (2).score: 150.0
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  39. Ruth Kempson (1986). Definite NPs and Context-Dependence: A Unified Theory of Anaphora. In Charles Travis (ed.), Meaning and Interpretation. B. Blackwell. 209--39.score: 150.0
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  40. Bern-Olaf Küppers (1995). The Context-Dependence of Biological Information. Ludus Vitalis 3 (5):5-18.score: 150.0
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  41. François Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic & Neftali Villanueva (eds.) (2010). Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity in Language and Thought. Mouton De Gruyter.score: 150.0
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  42. François Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic & Neftali Villanueva (eds.) (2010). Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity. Mouton de Gruyter.score: 150.0
  43. Jason Stanley & Zoltan Szabo, A Philosopher's Guide to Context Dependence.score: 150.0
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  44. Dieter Wunderlich (1979). Meaning and Context-Dependence. In. In Rainer Bäuerle, Urs Egli & Arnim von Stechow (eds.), Semantics From Different Points of View. Springer-Verlag. 161--171.score: 150.0
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  45. Greenberg Yael (2007). Exceptions to Generics: Where Vagueness, Context Dependence and Modality Interact. Journal of Semantics 24 (2).score: 150.0
     
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  46. Paul Bernier (1993). Narrow Content, Context of Thought, and Asymmetric Dependence. Mind and Language 8 (3):327-42.score: 132.0
  47. John Hawthorne (2007). Context-Dependency and Comparative Adjectives. Analysis 67 (295):195–204.score: 130.0
  48. Sriharsha Veeramachaneni, Prateek Sarkar & George Nagy (2005). Modeling Context as Statistical Dependence. In. In B. Kokinov A. Dey (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. 515--528.score: 126.0
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  49. Kobi Kriesler & Shmuel Nitzan (2008). Is Context-Based Choice Due to Context-Dependent Preferences? Theory and Decision 64 (1):65-80.score: 124.0
    The rationalization of context-based choice is usually based on the assumption that preferences are context-dependent. In this paper, we show that context-based choice can be due to the characteristics of the choice procedure applied by the individual and not to the dependence of preferences (stochastic or deterministic) on the context. Our arguments are illustrated focusing on the much-studied dominated-alternative effects.
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  50. Claudia Bianchi (1999). Three Forms of Contextual Dependence. In Paolo Bouquet (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Second International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT '99, Trento, Italy, September 9-11, 1999, Proceedings. Springer.score: 120.0
    The paper emphasizes the inadequacy of formal semantics, the classical paradigm in semantics, in treating contextual dependence. Some phenomena of contextual dependence threaten one central assumption of the classical paradigm, namely the idea that linguistic expressions have a fixed meaning, and utterances have truth conditions well defined. It is possible to individuate three forms of contextual dependence: the one affecting pure indexicals, the one affecting demonstratives and "contextual expressions", and the one affecting all linguistic expressions. The third (...)
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