Search results for 'contractarianism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jean Hampton (2007). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    Contractarianism in some form has been at the center of recent debates in moral and political philosophy. Jean Hampton was one of the most gifted philosophers involved in these debates and provided both important criticisms of prominent contractarian theories plus powerful defenses and applications of the core ideas of contractarianism. In these essays, she brought her distinctive approach, animated by concern for the intrinsic worth of persons, to bear on topics such as guilt, punishment, self-respect, family relations, and (...)
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  2. Stephen L. Darwall (ed.) (2003). Contractarianism, Contractualism. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 24.0
    Contractualism/Contractarianism collects, for the first time, both major classical sources and central contemporary discussions of these important approaches to philosophical ethics. Edited and introduced by Stephen Darwall, these readings are essential for anyone interested in normative ethics.
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  3. Robert Bass (2000). Pure Contractarianism: Promise, Problems, Prospects. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2-3):319-332.score: 24.0
    Several different positions are classified as contractarian. Though there are variations among them, they all include the assumption that practical or action-guiding principles, among which are principles of moral justification and of political legitimacy, somehow have their basis in consent. A contractarian may or may not believe that there are other practical principles that are based on or justified by something besides consent. If he believes there are any others, there will be delicate issues to address as to whether they (...)
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  4. Linda Radzik (2005). Justice in the Family: A Defence of Feminist Contractarianism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):45–54.score: 24.0
    Jean Hampton argues that we can detect exploitation in personal relationships by thinking about what we would agree to were we to set aside the emotional benefits we receive from those relationships. Hampton calls her account "feminist contractarianism," but it has recently been critiqued as decidedly unfeminist, on the grounds that it is hostile to women's interests and women's values. Furthermore, Hampton's requirement that we imaginatively distance ourselves from our emotional connections to our loved ones--the key element in her (...)
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  5. Julia Tanner (2013). Contractarianism and Secondary Direct Moral Standing for Marginal Humans and Animals. Res Publica 19 (2):1-16.score: 24.0
    It is commonly thought that neo-Hobbesian contractarianism cannot yield direct moral standing for marginal humans and animals. However, it has been argued that marginal humans and animals can have a form of direct moral standing under neo-Hobbesian contractarianism: secondary moral standing. I will argue that, even if such standing is direct, this account is unsatisfactory because it is counterintuitive and fragile.
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  6. Kenneth R. Westphal (forthcoming). ‘Constructivism, Contractarianism and Basic Obligations: Kant and Gauthier’. In J.-C. Merle (ed.), Reading Kant’s Doctrine of Right.score: 24.0
    Gauthier’s contractarianism begins with an idea of a rational deliberator but ‘finds no basis for postulating a moral need for the justification of one’s actions to others. The role of agreement is to address each person’s demand that the constraints of society be justified to him, not a concern that he justify himself to his fellows’ (Gauther 1997, 134–5). He contrasts his view with Scanlon’s contractualism, according to which agreement with others is the core of morality and each agent (...)
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  7. Janice Richardson (2007). On Not Making Ourselves the Prey of Others: Jean Hampton's Feminist Contractarianism. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 15 (1):33-55.score: 24.0
    This article assesses Jean Hampton’s feminist contractarianism by considering the way in which she draws together the contradictory positions of Hobbes and Kant to produce a test for exploitation in personal relationships. The ways in which this work fits with her other analysis of retribution, gratitude and self-worth are examined. Hampton’s work is evaluated in the context of Carole Pateman’s argument that moral theories distract from the political analysis of who has a voice in relationships. Hampton’s work presumes the (...)
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  8. Joe Mintoff (1996). On a Problem for Contractarianism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (1):98 – 116.score: 21.0
    To show it is sometimes rational to cooperate in the Prisoner's Dilemma, David Gauthier has claimed that if it is rational to form an intention then it is sometimes rational act on it. However, the Paradox of Deterrence and the Toxin Puzzle seem to put this general type of claim into doubt. For even if it is rational to form a deterrent intention, it is not rational act on it (if it is not successful); and even if it is rational (...)
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  9. Aleksandar Dobrijevic (2011). Contractualism Vs. Contractarianism. Filozofija I Društvo 22 (3):27-44.score: 21.0
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  10. Jesús Conill Sancho, Christoph Luetge & Tatjana Schó̈nwälder-Kuntze (eds.) (2008). Corporate Citizenship, Contractarianism and Ethical Theory: On Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Ashgate Pub. Company.score: 21.0
    This study provides a representation of the broad spectrum of theoretical work on topics related to business ethics, with a particular focus on corporate citizenship. It considers relations of business and society alongside social responsibility and moves on to examine the historical and systemic foundations of business ethics, focusing on the concepts of social and ethical responsibilities. The contributors explore established theories and concepts and their impact on moral behaviour. Together, the contributions offer varied philosophical theories in approaches to business (...)
     
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  11. Mark Rowlands (1997). Contractarianism and Animal Rights. Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (3):235–247.score: 18.0
    It is widely accepted, by both friends and foes of animal rights, that contractarianism is the moral theory least likely to justify the assigning of direct moral status to non-human animals. These are not, it is generally supposed, rational agents, and contractarian approaches can grant direct moral status only to such agents. I shall argue that this widely accepted view is false. At least some forms of contractarianism, when properly understood, do, in fact, entail that non-human animals possess (...)
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  12. Cynthia A. Stark (2009). Contractarianism and Cooperation. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (1):73-99.score: 18.0
    Because contractarians see justice as mutual advantage, they hold that justice can be rationally grounded only when each can expect to gain from it. John Rawls seems to avoid this feature of contractarianism by fashioning the parties to the contract as Kantian agents whose personhood grounds their claims to justice. But Rawls also endorses the Humean idea that justice applies only if people are equal in ability. It would seem to follow from this idea that dependent persons (such as (...)
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  13. John J. Thrasher (2013). Reconciling Justice and Pleasure in Epicurean Contractarianism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):423-436.score: 18.0
    Epicurean contractarianism is an attempt to reconcile individualistic hedonism with a robust account of justice. The pursuit of pleasure and the requirements of justice, however, have seemed to be incompatible to many commentators, both ancient and modern. It is not clear how it is possible to reconcile hedonism with the demands of justice. Furthermore, it is not clear why, even if Epicurean contractarianism is possible, it would be necessary for Epicureans to endorse a social contract. I argue here (...)
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  14. Wojciech Sadurski (1983). Contractarianism and Intuition (on the Role of Social Contract Arguments in Theories of Social Justice). Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):231 – 247.score: 18.0
    (1983). Contractarianism and intuition (On the role of social contract arguments in theories of social justice) Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 61, No. 3, pp. 231-247.
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  15. Andrew I. Cohen (2009). Contractarianism and Interspecies Welfare Conflicts. Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):227-257.score: 18.0
    In this essay I describe how contractarianism might approach interspecies welfare conflicts. I start by discussing a contractarian account of the moral status of nonhuman animals. I argue that contractors can agree to norms that would acknowledge the of some animals. I then discuss how the norms emerging from contractarian agreement might constrain any comparison of welfare between humans and animals. Contractarian agreement is likely to express some partiality to humans in a way that discounts the welfare of some (...)
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  16. Martin Harvey (2003). Classical Contractarianism. International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (4):477-502.score: 18.0
    The fundamental presupposition of political philosophy is that the legitimate rule of one individual over another requires justification: political power may come out of the barrel of a gun but political authority does not. Classically, the philosopher of politics looked to nature. In the seventeenth century, however, the philosophical tide turns in a decidedly different direction: contractarianism. Political society becomes a consensual construct created through the heuristic vehicle of a hypothetical social contract. Simultaneously, within the confines of contractarianism (...)
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  17. Jung Soon Park (2008). Rawls' Avowed Error in Rational Contractarianism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:325-340.score: 18.0
    Over twenty years after the publication of A Theory of Justice (1971), Rawls avowed that it was an error in Theory to describe a theory of justice as part of the theory of rational choice. This paper elucidates the reasons why Rawls had to make such an avowal of the error in connection with his contractarian rational deduction project of morality, i.e., rational contractarianism. Two major issues are involved here. They are about the construction of the original position and (...)
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  18. Malcolm Murray, Occurrent Contractarianism: A Preference-Based Ethical Theory.score: 18.0
    There is a problem within contractarian ethics that I wish to resolve. It concerns individualpreferences. Contractarianism holds that morality, properly conceived, can satisfy individualpreferences and interests better than amorality or immorality. W hat is unclear, however, iswhether these preferences are those individuals actually hold or those that they should hold. The goal of my thesis is to investigate this question. I introduce a version of contractarian ethicsthat relies on ind ividual preferences in a manner more stringent than has been (...)
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  19. Virginia Mcdonald (2013). Rawlsian Contractarianism: Liberal Equality or Inequality? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (sup1):71-94.score: 18.0
    (1977). Rawlsian Contractarianism: Liberal Equality or Inequality? Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 7, Supplementary Volume 3: New Essays on Contract Theory, pp. 71-94.
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  20. Why the international market for pharmaceuticals fails & What to Do About It : A. Comparison of Two Alternative Approaches to Global Ethics (2008). Reflecting the Impact of Ethical Theory : Contractarianism, Ethics, and Economics. Christoph Luetge / Civilising the Barbarians? : On the Apparent Necessity of Moral Surpluses; Soeren Buttkereit and Ingo Pies / Social Dilemmas and the Social Contract; Peter Koslowski / Ethical Economy as the Economy of Ethics and as the Ethics of the Market Economy; Ingo Pies and Stefan Hielscher. In Jesús Conill Sancho, Christoph Luetge & Tatjana Schó̈nwälder-Kuntze (eds.), Corporate Citizenship, Contractarianism and Ethical Theory: On Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Ashgate Pub. Company.score: 18.0
  21. Jody S. Kraus (1993). The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    This book is the most comprehensive, rigorous critique of contemporary Hobbesian contractarianism as expounded in the work of Jean Hampton, Gregory Kavka, and David Gauthier. Professor Kraus argues that the attempts by these three philosophers to use Hobbes to answer current political and moral questions fail. The reasons why they fail are related to fundamental problems intrinsic to Hobbesian contractarianism: first, the problem of collective action arising out of the tension in Hobbes' theory between individual and collective rationality; (...)
     
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  22. Andreas Eshete (1974). Contractarianism and the Scope of Justice. Ethics 85 (1):38 - 49.score: 15.0
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  23. Andreas Esheté (1974). Contractarianism and the Scope of Justice. Ethics 85 (1):38-49.score: 15.0
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  24. David Gauthier (1997). Political Contractarianism. Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (2):132–148.score: 15.0
  25. Jean Hampton (1996). The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism, Jody Krauss, Cambridge University Press, 1993, 334 + Ix Pages. Economics and Philosophy 12 (01):125-.score: 15.0
  26. Peter Vallentyne (ed.) (1991). Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
    In this anthology, prominent moral and political philosophers offer a critical assessment of Gauthier's theory.
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  27. Alexander Rosenberg (1992). Contractarianism and the "Trolley" Problem1. Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (3):88-104.score: 15.0
  28. Ruth Sample (2002). Why Feminist Contractarianism? Journal of Social Philosophy 33 (2):257–281.score: 15.0
  29. Gustaf Arrhenius (1999). Mutual Advantage Contractarianism and Future Generations. Theoria 65 (1):25-35.score: 15.0
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  30. Anthony de Jasay (2010). Ordered Anarchy and Contractarianism. Philosophy 85 (3):399-403.score: 15.0
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  31. Robert Sugden (1990). Contractarianism and Norms. Ethics 100 (4):768-786.score: 15.0
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  32. Matt Matravers (2008). Review of Jean Hampton, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (9).score: 15.0
  33. David Schmidtz (1989). Contractarianism Without Foundations. Philosophia 19 (4):461-469.score: 15.0
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  34. Alan P. Hamlin (1989). Rights, Indirect Utilitarianism, and Contractarianism. Economics and Philosophy 5 (02):167-.score: 15.0
  35. F. M. Kamm (1998). The Noble Warrior: Feminism, Contractarianism, and Self in the Light of Hampton. Philosophical Studies 89 (2-3):237-258.score: 15.0
  36. Sheldon Wein (1985). Problems with Contractarianism. Journal of Social Philosophy 16 (3):48-59.score: 15.0
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  37. Andrew I. Cohen (2007). Contractarianism, Other-Regarding Attitudes, and the Moral Standing of Nonhuman Animals. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):188–201.score: 15.0
  38. Daniel M. Farrell (1993). Book Review:Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's "Morals by Agreement." Peter Vallentyne. [REVIEW] Ethics 103 (2):385-.score: 15.0
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  39. Peter Vallentyne (1989). Contractarianism and the Assumption of Mutual Unconcern. Philosophical Studies 56 (2):187 - 192.score: 15.0
    A contractarian moral theory states that an action (practice, social structure, etc.) is morally permissible if and only if it (or rules to which if conforms) would be agreed to by the members of society under certain circumstances. What people will agree to depends on what their desires are like. Most contractarian theories - for example those of Rawls (1971) and Gauthier (1986) - specify that parties to the agreement are mutually unconcerned (take no interest in each other's interests). Contractarian (...)
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  40. Charles W. Mills (2009). Rousseau, the Master's Tools, and Anti-Contractarian Contractarianism. Clr James Journal 15 (1):92-112.score: 15.0
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  41. Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach (2008). Book Reviews:The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (1):180-184.score: 15.0
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  42. Bob Bright (2000). The Poverty of Market Contractarianism. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2/3):349-357.score: 15.0
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  43. Susan Dimock (2003). Two Virtues of Contractarianism. Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (3):395-414.score: 15.0
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  44. Deborah Baumgold (2009). Hobbesian Absolutism and the Paradox of Modern Contractarianism. European Journal of Political Theory 8 (2):207-228.score: 15.0
    Hobbes's defense of absolutism involves the dual claims that consent is the foundation of legitimate authority and that sovereignty is necessarily absolute. It is a paradoxical combination of claims: If absolute government is the product of choice how can it also be the sole possible constitution? While all of Hobbes's contractarian successors have rejected his preference for absolutism, his dual claims have become commonplace. Since Hobbes, contract thinkers routinely assert that people will choose their preferred constitution and that it is (...)
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  45. Richard E. Flathman (1987). Convention, Contractarianism, and Freedom. Ethics 98 (1):91-103.score: 15.0
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  46. Bill Shaw (1995). Virtue Ethics and Contractarianism. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):297-312.score: 15.0
    The notion of rationality underlying contemporary business and business ethics, or the “rational actor” model of moral decision-making in business, links a roughly utilitarian notion of the good to a contractarian notion of human agency. The “C-Umodel” provides inadequate means for explaining how business people do or ought to behave or think about their behavior, because the notion of rationality upon which it relies is far too narrow a picture of business people’s character. An alternative to these assumptions and to (...)
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  47. Chris Tucker (2003). Contractarianism, Justification, and Relativity. Dialogue 42 (03):559-.score: 15.0
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  48. Martin A. Bertman (1997). The Limits of Hobbesean Contractarianism. International Studies in Philosophy 29 (2):133-134.score: 15.0
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  49. Jules L. Coleman (1985). Market Contractarianism and the Unanimity Rule. Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (02):69-.score: 15.0
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  50. David Boonin-Vail (1993). Contractarianism Gone Wild: Carruthers and the Moral Status of Animals. Between the Species 10 (1):8.score: 15.0
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