Search results for 'cultural theory' (try it on Scholar)

999 found
Sort by:
  1. Kim Loyens (2013). Towards a Custom-Made Whistleblowing Policy. Using Grid-Group Cultural Theory to Match Policy Measures to Different Styles of Peer Reporting. Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):239-249.score: 90.0
    To be effective, whistleblowing policies should be adapted to the organisational culture. They need to be custom-made and not follow a one-size-fits-all logic, specifically when they are installed to stimulate responsible peer reporting, a highly sensitive and value-laden type of whistleblowing. This paper attempts to illustrate that grid-group cultural theory could help to construct a whistleblowing policy by linking reporting styles to the organisational culture. First, we will identify four types of policy measures that are hypothesized to be (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Mark Poster (2010). McLuhan and the Cultural Theory of Media. Mediatropes 2 (2):1-18.score: 76.0
    Media are surely central to Western societies of the past several centuries and to the emerging global societies of the contemporary era and the future. There is a thickening, an intensification and an increasing complexity to the use of information machines, technologies that are necessary in the production, reproduction, storing and distribution of texts, images and sounds, the constituent elements of culture. The phenomenon has been termed a “media ecology,” adding a new layer to the ecologies of animal, vegetable and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Evelyn Gick & Wolfgang Gick (2001). F.A. Hayek's Theory of Mind and Theory of Cultural Evolution Revisited: Toward and Integrated Perspective. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 2 (1):149-162.score: 72.0
    F.A. Hayek’s theory of cultural evolution has often been regarded as incompatible with his earlier works. Since it lacks an elaborated theory of individual learning, we try to back his arguments by starting with his thoughts on individual perception described in hisTheory of Mind. With a focus on the current discussion concerning biological and cultural selection theories, we argue hisTheory of Mind leads to two different stages of societal evolution with well-defined learning processes, respectively. The first (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Ines Langemeyer & Wolf-Michael Roth (2006). Is Cultural-Historical Activity Theory Threatened to Fall Short of its Own Principles and Possibilities as a Dialectical Social Science? Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 8 (2):20-42.score: 72.0
    In recent years, many researchers engaged in diverse areas and approaches of “cultural-historical activity theory” (CHAT) realized an increasing international interest in Lev S. Vygotsky’s, A. N. Leont’ev’s, and A. Luria’s work and its continuations. Not so long ago, Yrjö Engeström noted that the activity approach was still “the best-held secret of academia” (p. 64) and highlighted the “impressive dimension of theorizing behind” it. Certainly, this remark reflects a time when CHAT was off the beaten tracks. But if (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Ann Brooks (1997). Postfeminisms: Feminism, Cultural Theory, and Cultural Forms. Routledge.score: 69.0
    Once seen as synonymous with "anti-feminism" postfeminism is now understood as the theoretical meeting ground between feminism and anti-foundationalist movements such as postmodernism, post-structuralism and post-colonialsm. In this clear exposition of some of the major debates, theorists and practitioners, Ann Brooks shows how feminism is being redefined for the twenty first century. Individual chapters look at postfeminism in relation to feminist epistemology, Foucault, psychoanalytic theory and semiology, postmodernism and postcolonialism, cultural politics, popular culture, film and media, and sexuality (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Seungbae Park (2014). Cultural Relativism and the Theory of Relativity. Filosofija. Sociologija 25 (1):44-51.score: 63.0
    Cornea (2012) argues that I (2011) was wrong to use the analogy between morality and motion to defend cultural relativism. I reply that the analogy can be used to clarify what cultural relativism asserts and how a cultural relativist can reply to the criticisms against it. Ockham’s Razor favours the relativist view that there are no moral truths, and hence no culture is better than another. Contrary to what Cornea claims, cultural relativism does not entail that (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Ben Highmore (2002). Everyday Life and Cultural Theory: An Introduction. Routledge.score: 62.0
    Everyday Life and Cultural Theory provides a unique critical and historical introduction to theories of everyday life. Ben Highmore traces the development of conceptions of everyday life, from the Mass Observation project of the 1930s to contemporary theorists. Individual chapters examine: * Theories of the everyday * Fragments of everyday life * Surrealism: the marvelous in the everyday * Walter Benjamin's Trash Aesthetics * Mass Observation: the science of everyday life * Henri Lefebvre's Dialectics of Everyday Life * (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Peter Osborne (2000). Philosophy in Cultural Theory. Routledge.score: 62.0
    This book offers an exciting look at the important and often uneasy place of philosophy in cultural theory today. In the United States and Britain, cultural studies has taken a largely non-philosophical form. Yet, in its hostility to disciplinary boundaries and its search for theoretical generality, cultural studies has much in common with a philosophical tradition of totalization from which it has historically distanced itself. Throughout, Osborne shows how and why concepts currently popular in cultural (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. John Storey (2008). Cultural Theory and Popular Culture: An Introduction. Pearson Longman.score: 62.0
    In this 4th edition of his successful Cultural Theory and Popular Culture: An Introduction, John Storey has extensively revised the text throughout.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. M. Karmasin (2002). Towards a Meta Ethics of Culture – Halfway to a Theory of Metanorms. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (4):337 - 346.score: 60.0
    This article deals with cross-cultural ethics. It discusses the grid-group model and is ethical implications. We try to show how cross-cultural ethics remain possible under this paradigm of ethical relativism. We discuss the theory of discourse and apply it to intercultural communication. Finally we offer some rules for (an ethical) intercultural discourse, which also may be interpreted as metanorms for cross-cultural interaction.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Angela Woods (2011). The Sublime Object of Psychiatry: Schizophrenia in Clinical and Cultural Theory. Oxford University Press, Usa.score: 60.0
    Machine generated contents note: -- Clinical Theory -- 1. Psychiatry on schizophrenia: clinical pictures of a sublime object -- 2. Schizophrenia: the sublime text of psychoanalysis -- Cultural Theory -- 3. Antipsychiatry: schizophrenic experience and the sublime -- 4. Anti-Oedipus and the politics of the schizophrenic sublime -- 5. Schizophrenia, modernity, postmodernity -- 6. Postmodern schizophrenia -- 7. Glamorama, postmodernity and the schizophrenic sublime -- Conclusion.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Jeffrey Friedman (1991). Accounting for Political Preferences: Cultural Theory Vs. Cultural History. Critical Review 5 (3):325-351.score: 60.0
    Liberalism sanctifies the values chosen by the sovereign individual. This tends to rule out criticisms of an individual's ?preference? for one value over another by, ironically, establishing a deterministic view of the self that protects the self's desires from scrutiny. Similarly, rational choice approaches to social theory begin with previously determined individual preferences and focus on the means by which they are pursued, concentrating on the results rather than the sources of people's values. A striking new attempt to go (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Richard J. Ellis (1993). The Case for Cultural Theory: Reply to Friedman. Critical Review 7 (1):81-128.score: 60.0
    In an essay in these pages, Jeffrey Friedman charged that Cultural Theory obscures the unity and uniqueness of modern egalitarian individualism; reduces culture to society; ignores history; is only applicable to contemporary, Western politics; provides an unsatisfactory account of preference formation and preference change; and leaves no place for the vitally important debate over what we should prefer. Although some of Friedman's criticisms stem from a misreading or strained reading of Cultural Theory, others raise vitally important (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Jeffrey Friedman (1993). Cultural Theory as Individualistic Ideology: Rejoinder to Ellis. Critical Review 7 (1):129-158.score: 60.0
    How can one examine the sources of people's beliefs, tastes, and preferences without falling into the self?refuting determinism that has so often characterized the most systematic theory of preferences, Marxism? Cultural Theory's attempt to do so posits five anthropologically derived, competing ?ways of life"? individualism, egalitarianism, hierarchism, fatalism, and withdrawal from social life?that are intended to apply to all forms of culture and, therefore, to provide a universal framework for explaining people's preferential biases. Richard Ellis's defense of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Heidrun Friese & Peter Wagner (2000). When `the Light of the Great Cultural Problems Moves On': On the Possibility of a Cultural Theory of Modernity. Thesis Eleven 61 (1):25-40.score: 60.0
    Comparative analysis of civilizations has recently revived and has led into a debate about varieties of modernity. This connection between an empirically defined area of study, `civilizations', and a theme that is predominantly seen as conceptual, `modernity', is a peculiar one and raises crucial questions for any social theory. Can `modernity' be located spatio-temporally among the civilizations? Is it itself a civilization (or the successor to all civilizations), or does it not rather refer to a human condition? This article (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Frederick Gearing (1979). A Reference Model for a Cultural Theory of Education and Schooling. In Frederick O. Gearing & Lucinda Sangree (eds.), Toward a Cultural Theory of Education and Schooling. Mouton. 169--230.score: 60.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Celine Kermisch (2008). Cultural Theory, Risk, Rationality and Ethical Implications. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 3:47-53.score: 60.0
    This paper intends to highlight the philosophical and ethical implications of cultural theory as initiated in the seventies by the British anthropologist, Mary Douglas. The first part will present cultural theory, mainly through her early works. We will particularly insist on the originality of this functionalist theory based on four interpersonal relationships patterns – defined according to grid and group dimensions – and their associated cultural biases, namely the egalitarian bias, the hierarchical, the insulated (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. John Roberts (2006). Philosophizing the Everyday: Revolutionary Praxis and the Fate of Cultural Theory. Pluto Press.score: 60.0
    After modernism and postmodernism, it is argued, the everyday supposedly is where a democracy of taste is brought into being - the place where art goes to recover its customary and collective pleasures, and where the shared pleasures of popular culture are indulged, from celebrity magazines to shopping malls. John Roberts argues that this understanding of the everyday downgrades its revolutionary meaning and philosophical implications. Bringing radical political theory back to the centre of the discussion, he shows how notions (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Sue Thornham (2000). Feminist Theory and Cultural Studies: Stories of Unsettled Relations. Arnold.score: 60.0
    Feminist theory is a central strand of cultural studies. This book explores the history of feminist cultural studies from the early work of Mary Wollstonecraft, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Virginia Woolf, Simone de Beauvoir, through the 1970s Women's Liberation Movement. It also provides a comprehensive introduction to the contemporary key approaches, theories and debates of feminist theory within cultural studies, offering a major re-mapping of the field. It will be an essential text for students taking courses (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Slavoj Žižek (ed.) (2003). Jacques Lacan: Critical Evaluations in Cultural Theory. Routledge.score: 57.0
    The texts selected here present the entire scope of the Lacan debate, from the late 1970s through the present. Focusing on the four principal domains of Lacan's influence--psychoanalytic theory and practice, philosophy, social sciences, and cultural studies, this set includes a new introduction by the editor and a thorough index.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Nils Goldschmidt & Bernd Remmele (2005). Anthropology as the Basic Science of Economic Theory: Towards a Cultural Theory of Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (3):455-469.score: 57.0
    Economics and culture are in a complex, developing relation to each other. Yet, to introduce ?culture? into economic theory requires, first of all, an appropriate understanding of culture itself. The crucial point of this paper is that culture in its development and structure is only understandable if one considers it in connection with the autonomous structural development of the forms with which the subjects experience and construct their world. In recognition of the socio?cultural organization of human society, there (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Simon Jarvis (ed.) (2006). Theodor Adorno: Critical Evaluations in Cultural Theory. Routledge.score: 57.0
    Theodor Adorno was a German philosopher, sociologist and musicologist and was a leading member and eventually director of the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research. Adorno studied an extraordinary range of subjects during his lifetime – from dialectical logic and the syntax of poetry to newspaper astrology columns and the Hollywood studio system – and he left a significant mark on each of the many disciplines in which he worked. His philosophically sophisticated rethinking of Marxian materialism has been central to much (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Peter Osborne (ed.) (2004). Walter Benjamin:Critical Evaluations 3v: Critical Evaluations in Cultural Theory. Routledge.score: 57.0
    No other single author has so commanding a critical presence across so many disciplines within the arts and humanities, in so many national contexts, as Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). The belated reception of his work as a literary critic (dating from the late 1950s) has been followed by a rapid series of critical receptions in different contexts: Frankfurt Critical Theory and Marxism, Judaism, Film Theory, Post-structuralism, Philosophical Romanticism, and Cultural Studies. This collection brings together a selection of the (...)
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Beverley Skeggs (ed.) (1995). Feminist Cultural Theory: Process and Production. Distributed Exclusively in the Usa and Canada by St. Martin's Press.score: 54.0
    Introduction BEVERLEY SKEGGS By asking a group of feminist cultural theorists who have produced exemplary interdisciplinary scholarship in the to reflect ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. John Cherry, Monle Lee & Charles S. Chien (2003). A Cross-Cultural Application of a Theoretical Model of Business Ethics: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Data. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 44 (4):359 - 376.score: 54.0
    Hunt and Vitell''s General Theory (1992) is used in a cross-cultural comparison of U.S. and Taiwanese business practitioners. Results indicate that Taiwanese practitioners exhibit lower perceptions of an ethical issue in a scenario based on bribery, as well as milder deontological evaluations and ethical judgments relative to their U.S. counterparts. In addition, Taiwan respondents showed higher likelihood of making the payment. Several of the paths between variables in the theory are confirmed in both U.S. and Taiwan samples, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Reijo Miettinen (2006). Pragmatism and Activity Theory: Is Dewey's Philosophy a Philosophy of Cultural Retooling? Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 8 (2):3-19.score: 54.0
    A philosopher of education, Jim Garrison, has suggested that John Dewey's philosophy is a philosophy of cultural retooling and that Dewey adopted both his conception of work and the idea of tool as "a middle term between subject and object” from Hegel. This interpretation raises the question of what the relationship of the idea of cultural retooling in Dewey’s work is to his naturalism and to his allegiance to Darwinian biological functionalism. To deal with this problem, this paper (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Patrick Fuery (2000). Cultural Studies and Critical Theory. Oxford University Press.score: 54.0
    The second edition of Cultural Studies and the New Humanities provides a comprehensive overview of issues in the humanities at the turn of the new millennium, providing historical background, defining key terms, and introducing the ideas of key thinkers. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, and new chapters have been added about the rise of visual cultures and the fierce contemporary debate between identity politics and queer theory.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Craig T. Palmer & Christina Nicole Pomianek (2007). Applying Signaling Theory to Traditional Cultural Rituals. Human Nature 18 (4):295-312.score: 54.0
    The branch of evolutionary theory known as signaling theory attempts to explain various forms of communication. Social scientists have explained many traditional rituals as forms of communication that promote cooperative social relationships among participants. Both evolutionists and social scientists have realized the importance of trust for the formation and maintenance of cooperative social relationships. These factors have led to attempts to apply signaling theory to traditional cultural rituals in various ways. This paper uses the traditional ritual (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. David Gartman (2002). Bourdieu's Theory of Cultural Change: Explication, Application, Critique. Sociological Theory 20 (2):255-277.score: 51.0
    Pierre Bourdieu's theory of cultural change is more powerful and comprehensive than other recent theories, which neglect one or another of the important dimensions of cultural markets. Bourdieu's theory conceptualizes both the supply and demand sides of the market, as well as specifying their interaction with external social factors. Two cases from American culture are developed to demonstrate the explanatory power of Bourdieu's theory of cultural change: the demise of tail fins in automobile design (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Jakob De Roover, Sarah Claerhout & S. N. Balagangadhara (2011). Liberal Political Theory and the Cultural Migration of Ideas The Case of Secularism in India. Political Theory 39 (5):571-599.score: 51.0
    The principles of liberal political theory are often said to be “freestanding.” Are they indeed sufficiently detached from the cultural setting where they emerged to be intelligible to people with other backgrounds? To answer this question, this essay examines the Indian secularism debate and develops a hypothesis on the process whereby liberal principles crystallized in the West and spread elsewhere. It argues that the secularization of western political thought has not produced independent rational principles, but transformed theological ideas (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. I. Davies (1993). Cultural Theory in Britain: Narrative and Episteme. Theory, Culture and Society 10 (3):115-154.score: 51.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. M. Featherstone (1992). Cultural Theory and Cultural Change: An Introduction. Theory, Culture and Society 9 (1):vii-viii.score: 51.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. H. Jin (2011). British Cultural Studies, Active Audiences and the Status of Cultural Theory: An Interview with David Morley. Theory, Culture and Society 28 (4):124-144.score: 51.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Jakob De Roover, Sarah Claerhout & S. N. Balagangadhara (2011). Liberal Political Theory and the Cultural Migration of Ideas: The Case of Secularism in India. Political Theory 39 (5):571 - 599.score: 51.0
    The principles of liberal political theory are often said to be "freestanding." Are they indeed sufficiently detached from the cultural setting where they emerged to be intelligible to people with other backgrounds? To answer this question, this essay examines the Indian secularism debate and develops a hypothesis on the process whereby liberal principles crystallized in the West and spread elsewhere. It argues that the secularization of western political thought has not produced independent rational principles, but transformed theological ideas (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. R. H. Stephenson (2003). The Proper Object of Cultural Study: Ernst Cassirer and the Aesthetic Theory of Weimar Classicism. In Paul Bishop & R. H. Stephenson (eds.), Cultural Studies and the Symbolic: Occasional Papers in Cassirer and Cultural Theory Studies, Presented at the University of Glasgow's Centre for Intercultural Studies. Northern Universities Press.score: 51.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. C. Venn (2007). Cultural Theory and its Futures: Introduction. Theory, Culture and Society 24 (3):49-54.score: 51.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. C. Venn (2007). Cultural Theory, Biopolitics, and the Question of Power. Theory, Culture and Society 24 (3):111-124.score: 51.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. P. V. Zima (2007). What is Theory?: Cultural Theory as Discourse and Dialogue. Continuum.score: 51.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. B. van Oers (ed.) (2008). The Transformation of Learning: Advances in Cultural-Historical Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.score: 50.0
    Learning is a changing phenomenon, depending on the advances in theory and research. This book presents a relatively new approach to learning, based on meaningful human activities in cultural practices and in collaboration with others. It draws extensively from the ideas of Lev Vygotsky and his recent followers. The book presents ideas that elaborate this learning theory and also gives recent developments and applications of this approach in a variety of educational situations in and outside of school. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. David James Fisher (2009). Cultural Theory and Psychoanalytic Tradition. Transaction Publishers.score: 50.0
    Introduction In September of 1973, I defended my doctoral thesis in the field of European cultural history. I was two months shy of my twenty-seventh ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Mark Greenberg (2004). Goals Versus Memes: Explanation in the Theory of Cultural Evolution. In Susan L. Hurley & Nick Chater (eds.), Perspectives on Imitation. MIT Press.score: 48.0
    Darwinian theories of culture need to show that they improve upon the commonsense view that cultural change is explained by humans? skillful pursuit of their conscious goals. In order for meme theory to pull its weight, it is not enough to show that the development and spread of an idea is, broadly speaking, Darwinian, in the sense that it proceeds by the accumulation of change through the differential survival and transmission of varying elements. It could still be the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Dwight Read (2013). Modeling Cultural Idea Systems: The Relationship Between Theory Models and Data Models. Perspectives on Science 21 (2):157-174.score: 48.0
    Subjective experience is transformed into objective reality for societal members through cultural idea systems that can be represented with theory and data models. A theory model shows relationships and their logical implications that structure a cultural idea system. A data model expresses patterning found in ethnographic observations regarding the behavioral implementation of cultural idea systems. An example of this duality for modeling cultural idea systems is illustrated with Arabic proverbs that structurally link friend and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Douglas Kellner, Media Culture, Social Theory, and Cultural Studies 1996 Symposium on Media Culture – A Response.score: 48.0
    It is with great pleasure that I remember my visit to the University of Alberta in Fall 1995, and I would like especially to thank Eric Higgs, Andrew Light, and Ray Morrow for making my visit an especially memorable one. During my visit, we participated in a series of seminars on postmodern theory, critical theory, media culture, cultural studies, and the philosophy of technology and not surprisingly these themes were the focus of the symposium of my book (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Ryan Dunch (2002). Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Cultural Theory, Christian Missions, and Global Modernity. History and Theory 41 (3):301–325.score: 48.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. G. K. D. Crozier (2010). A Formal Investigation of Cultural Selection Theory: Acoustic Adaptation in Bird Song. Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):781-801.score: 48.0
    The greatest challenge for Cultural Selection Theory lies is the paucity of evidence for structural mechanisms in cultural systems that are sufficient for adaptation by natural selection. In part, clarification is required with respect to the interaction between cultural systems and their purported selective environments. Edmonds et al. have argued that Cultural Selection Theory requires simple, conclusive, unambiguous case studies in order to meet this challenge. To that end, this paper examines the songs of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Horacio Fabrega Jr (1980). The Position of Psychiatric Illness in Biomedical Theory: A Cultural Analysis. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (2):145-168.score: 48.0
    Summary and ConclusionsThis paper presents the argument that the character of illness in psychiatry requires embracing phenomena which falls outside the area of concern of basic biologic sciences. The argument is developed by introducing the idea of a “theory of illness,” a cultural trait of a society, and by examining features of our biomedical theory of illness. The disease “depression” is then examined in terms of this theory. A basic point made is that an appraisal of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Peter Richerson, Cultural Evolutionary Theory: A Synthetic Theory for Fragmented Disciplines.score: 48.0
    Cultural evolutionary theory, like other evolutionary theories, links individual-level and population or society-level phenomena. It provides numerous bridges between social psychology and other disciplines and sub-disciplines. The theory uses mathematical models to understand the population-level consequences of the individual-level processes of individual and social learning. The theory has been used to explain group-level behavior such as cooperation, altruism, and the cross-cultural variation associated with social institutions. The empirical study of social psychological assumptions of such models (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Jerrold Seigel (2004). Mysticism and Epistemology: The Historical and Cultural Theory of Michel de Certeau. History and Theory 43 (3):400–409.score: 48.0
  49. E. Angner (2002). The History of Hayek's Theory of Cultural Evolution. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):695-718.score: 48.0
    This paper traces the historical origins of Friedrich A. Hayek's theory of cultural evolution, and argues that Hayek's evolutionary thought was significantly inspired by Alexander M. Carr-Saunders and Oxford zoology. While traditional Hayek scholarship emphasizes the influence of Carl Menger and the British eighteenth-century moral philosophers, I claim that these sources underdetermine what was most characteristic of Hayek's theory, viz. the idea that cultural evolution is a matter of group selection, and the idea that natural selection (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. G. K. D. Crozier (2008). Reconsidering Cultural Selection Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):455-479.score: 48.0
    This paper examines conceptual issues that arise in applications of Darwinian natural selection to cultural systems. I argue that many criticisms of cultural selectionist models have been based on an over-detailed reading of the analogy between biological and cultural units of selection. I identify five of the most powerful objections to cultural selection theory and argue that none cuts to its heart. Some objections are based on mistaken assumptions about the simplicity of the mechanisms of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 999