Search results for 'discontinuity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Fredrik Bragesjö, Aant Elzinga & Dick Kasperowski (2012). Continuity or Discontinuity? Scientific Governance in the Pre-History of the 1977 Law of Higher Education and Research in Sweden. Minerva 50 (1):65-96.score: 18.0
    The objective of this paper is to balance two major conceptual tendencies in science policy studies, continuity and discontinuity theory. While the latter argue for fundamental and distinct changes in science policy in the late 20th century, continuity theorists show how changes do occur but not as abrupt and fundamental as discontinuity theorists suggests. As a point of departure, we will elaborate a typology of scientific governance developed by Hagendijk and Irwin ( 2006 ) and apply it to (...)
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  2. Lloyd A. Wells (2003). Discontinuity in Personal Narrative: Some Perspectives of Patients. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):297-303.score: 15.0
  3. Ariel Linden & John L. Adams (2012). Combining the Regression Discontinuity Design and Propensity Score‐Based Weighting to Improve Causal Inference in Program Evaluation. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):317-325.score: 15.0
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  4. Ariel Linden, John L. Adams & Nancy Roberts (2006). Evaluating Disease Management Programme Effectiveness: An Introduction to the Regression Discontinuity Design. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (2):124-131.score: 15.0
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  5. Eelco Runia (2010). Crossing the Wires in the Pleasure Machine: Lenin and the Emergence of Historical Discontinuity. History and Theory 49 (4):47-63.score: 15.0
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  6. Derek C. Penn, Keith J. Holyoak & Daniel J. Povinelli (2008). Darwin's Mistake: Explaining the Discontinuity Between Human and Nonhuman Minds. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):109-130.score: 12.0
    Over the last quarter century, the dominant tendency in comparative cognitive psychology has been to emphasize the similarities between human and nonhuman minds and to downplay the differences as (Darwin 1871). In the present target article, we argue that Darwin was mistaken: the profound biological continuity between human and nonhuman animals masks an equally profound discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds. To wit, there is a significant discontinuity in the degree to which human and nonhuman animals are able (...)
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  7. Jed Z. Buchwald & George E. Smith (2001). Incommensurability and the Discontinuity of Evidence. Perspectives on Science 9 (4):463-498.score: 12.0
    : Incommensurability between successive scientific theories—the impossibility of empirical evidence dictating the choice between them—was Thomas Kuhn's most controversial proposal. Toward defending it, he directed much effort over his last 30 years into formulating precise conditions under which two theories would be undeniably incommensurable with one another. His first step, in the late 1960s, was to argue that incommensurability must result when two theories involve incompatible taxonomies. The problem he then struggled with, never obtaining a solution that he found entirely (...)
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  8. Desheng Zong (2008). Three Forms of Psychological Discontinuity. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 18:103-127.score: 12.0
    Contemporary philosophers writing on the issue of personal identity agree that, whatever is disputable about fission cases, there is little doubt that, if there could be fission, there would be psychological continuity between the original person and her offshoot (if the branching is one-one), or between the original personand her offshoots (if the branching is one-many). The belief is one with a long history dating back to John Locke; it has, over time, acquired the status of self-evident truth. This paper (...)
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  9. Mark Phelan, Adam Arico & Shaun Nichols (2013). Thinking Things and Feeling Things: On an Alleged Discontinuity in Folk Metaphysics of Mind. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):703-725.score: 12.0
    According to the discontinuity view, people recognize a deep discontinuity between phenomenal and intentional states, such that they refrain from attributing feelings and experiences to entities that do not have the right kind of body, though they may attribute thoughts to entities that lack a biological body, like corporations, robots, and disembodied souls. We examine some of the research that has been used to motivate the discontinuity view. Specifically, we focus on experiments that examine people's aptness judgments (...)
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  10. Bence Nanay (2013). Philosophy Verus Literature? Against the Discontinuity Thesis. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (4):349-360.score: 12.0
    According to what I call the ‘Discontinuity Thesis’, literature can never count as genuine philosophizing: there is an impermeable barrier separating it from philosophy. While philosophy presents logically valid arguments in favor of or against precisely formulated statements, literature gives neither precisely formulated theses nor arguments in favor of or against them. Hence, philosophers don’t lose out on anything if they don’t read literature. There are two obvious ways of questioning the Discontinuity Thesis. First, arguing that literature can (...)
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  11. Veronica Dahl, Fred Popowich & Michael Rochemont (1993). A Principled Characterization of Dislocated Phrases: Capturing Barriers with Static Discontinuity Grammars. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 16 (4):331 - 352.score: 12.0
    Parsing according to the principles of modern linguistic theory is only now becoming a computationally interesting task. We contribute to these developments by illustrating how the account of movement introduced by Chomsky inBarriers can be incorporated into a Static Discontinuity Grammar (SDG). We are concerned with A''-movement as reflected inwh movement of arguments and adjuncts. The resulting SDG can be processed by an SDG parser to recover the thematic information and constitutency structure associated with a natural language sentence.
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  12. Régine Kolinsky & José Morais (1999). We All Are Rembrandt Experts – or, How Task Dissociations in School Learning Effects Support the Discontinuity Hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):381-382.score: 12.0
    We argue that cognitive penetration in non-early vision extends beyond the special situations considered by Pylyshyn. Many situations which do not involve difficult stimuli or require expert skills nevertheless load on high-level cognitive processes. School learning effects illustrate this point: they provide a way to observe task dissociations which support the discontinuity hypothesis, but they show that the scope of visual cognition in our visual experience is often underestimated.
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  13. John D. Norton (1993). The Determination of Theory by Evidence: The Case for Quantum Discontinuity, 1900–1915. Synthese 97 (1):1 - 31.score: 12.0
    The thesis that observation necessarily fails to determine theory is false in the sense that observation can provide overwhelming evidence for a particular theory or even a hypothesis within the theory. The saga of quantum discontinuity illustrates the power of evidence to determine theory and shows how that power can be underestimated by inadequate caricatures of the evidential case. That quantum discontinuity can save the phenomena of black body radiation is the widely known result, but it leaves open (...)
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  14. Constantin Antonopoulos (2008). Einstein's “True” Discontinuity. Theoria 23 (3):339-349.score: 12.0
    The question whether quantum discontinuity can or cannot provide an answer to Zeno’s Paradoxes is reopened. It is observed that what is usually understood by the term “discontinuity”, namely, Einstein’s conception of the photon as described by himself and all others, is unsuitable to the task because, essentially, it reduces to the trivial ‘discontinuity’ of objects scattered in space. By contrast, quantization of energy levels, which are not in space but can only alternate in time, provide the (...)
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  15. Barry John Brennan, Susan Pockett, Gary Eric John Bold & Mark David Holmes (2011). A Possible Physiological Basis for the Discontinuity of Consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology 2:377-377.score: 12.0
    A comparison is made between the frequency of local minima in the analytic power of intracranial EEG (ECoG) from waking and unconscious human subjects and the frequency of putative frames of consciousness reported in earlier psychological literature. In ECoG from unconscious subjects, the frequency of deep minima in analytic power is found to be a linear function of bandwidth. In contrast, in ECoG from conscious subjects, the bandwidth/minima-frequency curve saturates or plateaus at minima frequencies similar to the frequencies of previously (...)
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  16. Glyn Morrill (1995). Discontinuity in Categorial Grammar. Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (2):175 - 219.score: 12.0
    Discontinuity refers to the character of many natural language constructions wherein signs differ markedly in their prosodic and semantic forms. As such it presents interesting demands on monostratal computational formalisms which aspire to descriptive adequacy. Pied piping, in particular, is argued by Pollard (1988) to motivate phrase structure-style feature percolation. In the context of categorial grammar, Bach (1981, 1984), Moortgat (1988, 1990, 1991) and others have sought to provide categorial operators suited to discontinuity. These attempts encounter certain difficulties (...)
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  17. Erik L. Peterson (2008). William Bateson From "Balanoglossus" to "Materials for the Study of Variation": The Transatlantic Roots of Discontinuity and the (Un)Naturalness of Selection. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (2):267 - 305.score: 12.0
    William Bateson (1861-1926) has long occupied a controversial role in the history of biology at the turn of the twentieth century. For the most part, Bateson has been situated as the British translator of Mendel or as the outspoken antagonist of W. F. R. Weldon and Karl Pearson's biometrics program. Less has been made of Bateson's transition from embryologist to advocate for discontinuous variation, and the precise role of British and American influences in that transition, in the years leading up (...)
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  18. Athanasios Chasiotis, David Scheffer, Ramona Restemeier & Heidi Keller (1998). Intergenerational Context Discontinuity Affects the Onset of Puberty. Human Nature 9 (3):321-339.score: 12.0
    The assumption that the onset of puberty is a context-sensitive marker of a reproductive strategy is tested by comparing parental and filial childhood context and somatic development in West and East Germany. Sixty-eight mother-daughter dyads and 35 father-son dyads were taken from two samples of families from Osnabrück in West Germany and Halle in East Germany. According to the observed context discontinuity between the generations in the male dyads, linear regression models show that no indicator of male sexual maturation (...)
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  19. Andrea R. English (2014). Reply to Avi I. Mintz's Review of Discontinuity in Learning: Dewey, Herbart, and Education as Transformation. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (4):459-462.score: 12.0
    Current educational policy is leading teachers, schools, and society at large to fixate on the outcomes of learning. In Discontinuity in Learning, I shift the focus to the process of learning and ask, How is it that we come to new ideas, find cooperative ways of interacting with others, or take on a different perspective? Or, more simply, How do we learn? I believe that until we answer this question, we cannot begin to educate another person.My aim in the (...)
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  20. Antonio Nunziante (2011). Continuity or Discontinuity? Some Remarks on Leibniz’s Concepts of ‘Substantia Vivens‘ and ‘Organism‘. In Ohad Nachtomy & Justin Smith (eds.), Corporeal Substances and Machines of Nature in Leibniz. springer.score: 12.0
    The doctrine of natural machines, of organisms, of composite substances, assumes a marked consistency in Leibniz starting from his mature years (let us say, from the publishing of New System in 1965 onwards). There is no doubt, therefore, that for a full explanation of the conceptual content of the reflection of Leibniz on the nature of living substances we must turn to the “classic” places in which it took form: from the letters to De Volder and Lady Masham of the (...)
     
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  21. Donna Coch & Kurt W. Fischer (1998). Discontinuity and Variability in Relational Complexity: Cognitive and Brain Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):834-835.score: 10.0
    Relational complexity theory has important virtues, but the present model omits key aspects and evidence. In contrast, skill theory specifies (1) a detailed series of developmental changes in relational complexity from birth to age 30, (2) processes of interaction of content and structure that produce variability in complexity, (3) the role of cortical development, and (4) empirical criteria for complexity levels, including developmental discontinuities. Many findings support these specifications.
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  22. J. Barkley Rosser, A New Perspective On Economic Discontinuity.score: 10.0
    In 1991 this author published a book entitled, From Catastrophe to Chaos: A General Theory of Economic Discontinuities with Kluwer Academic Publishers. Due to the con troversial and unusual nature of this book’s content, there was considerable difficulty in getting publishers to agree to publish it prior to its being accepted by Kluwer. Initially conceived as a heterodox challenge to established economic thinking, this book became viewed by many readers as a reference volume on applications of nonlinear dynamics in general (...)
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  23. Max Velmans (2007). The Co-Evolution of Matter and Consciousness. Velmans, Prof Max (2007) the Co-Evolution of Matter and Consciousness. [Journal (Paginated)] 44 (2):273-282.score: 9.0
    Theories about the evolution of consciousness relate in an intimate way to theories about the distribution of consciousness, which range from the view that only human beings are conscious to the view that all matter is in some sense conscious. Broadly speaking, such theories can be classified into discontinuity theories and continuity theories. Discontinuity theories propose that consciousness emerged only when material forms reached a given stage of evolution, but propose different criteria for the stage at which this (...)
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  24. Jesper Ryberg (2002). Higher and Lower Pleasures – Doubts on Justification. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (4):415-429.score: 9.0
    According to the discontinuity view we can have a (lower) pleasure which, no matter how often a certain unit of it is added to itself, cannot become greater in value than a unit of another (higher) pleasure. All recent adherents of this view seem to rely basically on the same sort of reasoning which is referred to here as the preference test. This article presents three arguments, each of which indicates that the inference from the preference test to the (...)
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  25. Constantin Antonopoulos (2004). Moving Without Being Where You're Not; a Non-Bivalent Way. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 35 (2):235 - 259.score: 9.0
    The classical response to Zeno’s paradoxes goes like this: ‘Motion cannot properly be defined within an instant. Only over a period’ (Vlastos.) I show that this ob-jection is exactly what it takes for Zeno to be right. If motion cannot be defined at an instant, even though the object is always moving at that instant, motion cannot be defined at all, for any longer period of time identical in content to that instant. The nonclassical response introduces discontinuity, to evade (...)
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  26. Andrew A. Brennan (1987). Discontinuity and Identity. Noûs 21 (June):241-60.score: 9.0
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  27. Chris Norris (2007). Sources of the Kuhnian 'Revolution': Hanson on Wittgenstein, Conceptual Change and Quantum Discontinuity. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2).score: 9.0
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  28. Francis Oakley (2005). Natural Law, Laws of Nature, Natural Rights: Continuity and Discontinuity in the History of Ideas. Continuum.score: 9.0
    Metaphysical schemata and intellectual traditions -- Laws of nature : the scientific concept -- Natural law : disputed moments of transition -- Natural rights : origins and grounding.
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  29. John Nicholas (1982). Book Review:Black Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912 T. S. Kuhn. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 49 (2):295-.score: 9.0
  30. H. Rensselaer Wilsovann (1955). Causal Discontinuity in Fatalism and Indeterminism. Journal of Philosophy 52 (February):70-71.score: 9.0
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  31. David Appelbaum & Ingrid Turner Lorch (1978). Tracking the Discontinuity of Perception. Philosophy East and West 28 (4):469-484.score: 9.0
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  32. Thomas Bonk (1997). Newtonian Gravity, Quantum Discontinuity and the Determination of Theory by Evidence. Synthese 112 (1):53-73.score: 9.0
    A closer examination of scientific practice has cast doubt recently on the thesis that observation necessarily fails to determine theory. In some cases scientists derive fundamental hypotheses from phenomena and general background knowledge by means of demonstrative induction. This note argues that it is wrong to interpret such an argument as providing inductive support for the conclusion, e.g. by eliminating rival hypotheses. The examination of the deduction of the inverse square law of gravitation due to J. Bertrand, and R. Fowler's (...)
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  33. Daniel Collerton & Elaine Perry (2011). Dreaming and Hallucinations – Continuity or Discontinuity? Perspectives From Dementia with Lewy Bodies. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1016-1020.score: 9.0
  34. Robert D. Bock (2007). Radial Quantization in Rotating Space–Times. Foundations of Physics 37 (6):977-988.score: 9.0
    We examine the time discontinuity in rotating space–times for which the topology of time is S1. A kinematic restriction is enforced that requires the discontinuity to be an integral number of the periodicity of time. Quantized radii emerge for which the associated tangential velocities are less than the speed of light. Using the de Broglie relationship, we show that quantum theory may determine the periodicity of time. A rotating Kerr–Newman black hole and a rigidly rotating disk of dust (...)
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  35. Richard Arthur (1988). Continuous Creation, Continuous Time: A Refutation of the Alleged Discontinuity of Cartesian Time. Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (3):349-375.score: 9.0
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  36. Peter Jones (2000). Human Rights and Diverse Cultures: Continuity or Discontinuity? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (1):27-50.score: 9.0
  37. Sidney Dekker (2007). Discontinuity and Disaster: Gaps and the Negotiation of Culpability in Medication Delivery. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (3):463-470.score: 9.0
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  38. Thomas J. Hughes & J. T. M. Miller (2014). Lexicalisation and the Origin of the Human Mind. Biosemiotics 7 (1):11-27.score: 9.0
    This paper will discuss the origin of the human mind, and the qualitative discontinuity between human and animal cognition. We locate the source of this discontinuity within the language faculty, and thus take the origin of the mind to depend on the origin of the language faculty. We will look at one such proposal put forward by Hauser et al. (Science 298:1569-1579, 2002), which takes the evolution of a Merge trait (recursion) to solely explain the differences between human (...)
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  39. Joyce Brodsky (1980). Continuity and Discontinuity in Style: A Problem in Art Historical Methodology. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 39 (1):27-37.score: 9.0
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  40. A. David Kline (1985). Humean Causation and the Necessity of Temporal Discontinuity. Mind 94 (376):550-556.score: 9.0
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  41. Stephen Kaplan (1996). Culture, Genre and the M Nd Kya K Rik : Philosophical Inconsistency, Historical Uncertainty, or Textual Discontinuity? Asian Philosophy 6 (2):129 – 145.score: 9.0
    Abstract Daniel H. H. Ingalls referred to Gaudap?da's M?nd?kya K?rik?, a very early Advaita text, as ? ... the most puzzling perhaps, of all Sanskrit philosophical texts?. This article shows that some of the philosophical quandaries associated with this text are the result of inappropriately imposing a graphic and prose model of textuality upon a text composed in the k?rik? (memorial verse) genre and in an oral cultural context. Developing a model of textuality consistent with the literary genre and cultural (...)
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  42. R. Harré (1967). More Points on Discontinuity. Synthese 17 (1):104 - 106.score: 9.0
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  43. A. David Kline (1985). Humean Causation and the Necessity of Temporal Discontinuity. Mind 94 (376):550-556.score: 9.0
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  44. Gary Lupyan (2008). Taking Symbols for Granted? Is the Discontinuity Between Human and Nonhuman Minds the Product of External Symbol Systems? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):140-141.score: 9.0
    The target article provides a convincing argument that nonhuman animals cannot process role-governed rules, relational schemas, and so on, in a human-like fashion. However, actual human performance is often more similar to that of nonhuman animals than Penn et al. admit. The kind of rule-governed performance the authors take for granted may rely to a substantial degree on language on external symbol systems such as those provided by language and culture.
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  45. Michael Puett (2010). Theodicies of Discontinuity: Domesticating Energies and Dispositions in Early China. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 37 (s1):51-66.score: 9.0
  46. Barkley Rosser, The Mathematics of Discontinuity.score: 9.0
    “On the plane of philosophy properly speaking, of metaphysics, catastrophe theory cannot, to be sure, supply any answer to the great problems which torment mankind. But it favors a dialectical, Heraclitean view of the universe, of a world which is the continual theatre of the battle between >logoi,’ between archetypes.”.
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  47. Susan Carey (2011). Précis of the Origin of Concepts. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):113-124.score: 9.0
    A theory of conceptual development must specify the innate representational primitives, must characterize the ways in which the initial state differs from the adult state, and must characterize the processes through which one is transformed into the other. The Origin of Concepts (henceforth TOOC) defends three theses. With respect to the initial state, the innate stock of primitives is not limited to sensory, perceptual, or sensorimotor representations; rather, there are also innate conceptual representations. With respect to developmental change, conceptual development (...)
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  48. Peter F. Dominey (2005). The Discontinuity Between Rules and Similarity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):22-23.score: 9.0
    In arguing for a rules-similarity continuum, Pothos should demonstrate that a single process or mechanism (a neural network model, for example) can handle the entire continuum. Pothos deliberately avoids this exercise as beyond the scope of the current research. In this context, I will present simulation, neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and experimental psychological results, arguing against the continuity hypothesis.
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  49. Francis Galton (1894). Discontinuity in Evolution. Mind 3 (11):362-372.score: 9.0
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  50. A. F. L. (1980). Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912. Review of Metaphysics 33 (3):639-641.score: 9.0
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