Search results for 'early vision' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  56
    Gerald Vision (1997). Problems of Vision: Rethinking the Causal Theory of Perception. New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this book Gerald Vision argues for a new causal theory, one that engages provocatively with direct realism and makes no use of a now discredited subjectivism.
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  2.  21
    Josefa Toribio (2014). Nonconceptualism and the Cognitive Impenetrability of Early Vision. Philosophical Psychology 27 (5):621-642.
    (2014). Nonconceptualism and the cognitive impenetrability of early vision. Philosophical Psychology: Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 621-642. doi: 10.1080/09515089.2014.893386.
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  3.  27
    Athanassios Raftopoulos (2013). The Cognitive Impenetrability of the Content of Early Vision is a Necessary and Sufficient Condition for Purely Nonconceptual Content. Philosophical Psychology (5):1-20.
    I elaborate on Pylyshyn's definition of the cognitive impenetrability (CI) of early vision, and draw on the role of concepts in perceptual processing, which links the problem of the CI or cognitive penetrability (CP) of early vision with the problem of the nonconceptual content (NCC) of perception. I explain, first, the sense in which the content of early vision is CI and I argue that if some content is CI, it is conceptually encapsulated, that (...)
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  4.  12
    Cathleen M. Moore (1999). Cognitive Impenetrability of Early Vision Does Not Imply Cognitive Impenetrability of Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):385-386.
    Pylyshyn argues that early vision is cognitively impenetrable, and therefore – contrary to knowledge-based theories of perception – that perception is noncontinuous with cognition. Those processes that are included in “early vision,” however, represent at best only one component of perception, and it is important that it is not the component with which most knowledge-based theories are concerned. Pylyshyn's analysis should be taken as a possible source of refinement of knowledge-based theories of perception, rather than as (...)
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  5.  13
    Ronald Rensink, An Object Completion Process in Early Vision.
    It has recently been demonstrated that early vision is capable of recovering several properties of the three-dimensional world. We describe a series of visual search experiments showing that such recovery includes a completion process that allows for the interpretation of objects that are partially occluded. Search for easily-detectable line segments is made much more difficult when they can be interpreted as the visible parts of a line that has been occluded by a three-dimensional object. We describe some of (...)
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  6.  9
    James A. Schirillo (1999). Color Memory Penetrates Early Vision. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):393-393.
    Pylyshyn's concentration on form perception to demonstrate that early vision is cognitively impenetrable neglects that color perception is also part of early vision. Thus, the finding of Duncker (1939), Bruner et al. (1951), and Delk and Fillenbaum (1965) that the expected color of objects affects how they are perceived challenges Pylyshyn's thesis.
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  7.  1
    Mary A. Peterson (1999). Knowledge and Intention Can Penetrate Early Vision. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):389-390.
    Although some types of cognition may not affect early vision, there is ample evidence that other types of cognition do. Evidence indicating that early vision is penetrable by direct manipulation of viewers' perceptual intentions and by knowledge of the structure of familiar objects is reviewed, and related to both the Pylyshyn target article and Fodor (1983).
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  8.  24
    Richard Montgomery (1989). Discrimination, Reidentification and the Indeterminacy of Early Vision. Noûs 23 (September):413-435.
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  9.  13
    Athanassios Raftopoulos (2014). Nonconceptual Content: A Reply to Toribio's “Nonconceptualism and the Cognitive Impenetrability of Early Vision”. Philosophical Psychology 27 (5):643-651.
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  10.  47
    Austen Clark (2012). Spatial Organization and the Appearances Thereof in Early Vision. In Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.), Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. OUP Oxford 135.
    The perception of the lightness of surfaces has been shown to be affected by information about the spatial configuration of those surfaces and their illuminants. For example, two surfaces of equal luminance can appear to be of very different lightness if one of the two appears to lie in a shadow. How are we to understand the character of the processes that integrate such spatial configuration information so as to yield the eventual appearance of lightness? This paper makes some simple (...)
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  11.  4
    Ronald Rensink, Identification of Highlights in Early Vision.
    Methods. Visual search experiments were carried out using simple black and white figures corresponding to shiny objects lit from various directions. These included, for example, depictions of cylinders with highlights positioned at various heights (see figure). Targets and distractors differed only in the arrangement of their constituent regions, allowing them to be distinguished by the position of the highlights on the corresponding objects.
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  12. L. M. Doherty & D. H. Foster (1996). The Effect of Line Segment Length on Oriented-Line-Target Detection in Early Vision. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview 1373-1373.
     
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  13. Emma Ferneyhough, Min K. Kim, Elizabeth A. Phelps & Marisa Carrasco (2013). Anxiety Modulates the Effects of Emotion and Attention on Early Vision. Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):166-176.
  14. J. S. Lappin & W. D. Craft (1991). Early Vision Detects Differential Structure Prior to Stereopsis. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):488-488.
     
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  15. D. Sagi (2004). Is There Learning in Early Vision (Julesz# 16)? In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing 29-29.
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  16.  1
    Jutta Schickore (2006). Misperception, Illusion and Epistemological Optimism: Vision Studies in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain and Germany. British Journal for the History of Science 39 (3):383-405.
    This article compares investigations of the process of vision that were made in early nineteenth-century Britain and the German lands. It is argued that vision studies differed significantly east and west of the North Sea. Most of the German investigators had a medical background and many of them had a firm grasp of contemporary philosophy. In contrast, the British studies on vision emerged from the context of optics. This difference manifested itself in the conceptual tools for (...)
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  17.  8
    I. I. Denery (2010). Vanities of the Eye: Vision in Early Modern European Culture (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 103-104.
    A popular and pervasive historical narrative links the Renaissance development of linear perspective with Europe’s transition from a pre-modern to an early modern society. Erwin Panofsky gave this narrative its definitive form early in the twentieth century and William Ivins boiled it down to a simple idea that served as the title of his most famous book. According to Ivins, single-point perspective, the artistic technique championed by Alberti and perfected in the paintings of Masaccio and Piero della Francesca, (...)
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  18.  1
    S. Neubauer (2010). On Visualized Vision in the Early Photographic Work of Warren Neidich. Theory, Culture and Society 27 (7-8):306-323.
    This article contains an analysis of Warren Neidich’s early photographic work of 1997 until 2002. These works are linked to the extensive theoretical production of the artists who connect them to the concepts of the dispositif and apparatus respectively. The article provides a close description of the parameters of four pivotal work groups of Neidich’s early practice, Brain Wash , Double Vision , Shot Reverse Shot and Law of Loci . These works were realized with the aid (...)
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  19.  14
    Stuart Clark (2007). Vanities of the Eye: Vision in Early Modern European Culture. Oxford University Press.
    Species : visions and values -- Fantasies : seeing without what was within -- Prestiges : illusions in magic and art -- Glamours : demons and virtual worlds -- Images : the reformation of the eyes -- Apparitions : the discernment of spirits -- Sights : King Saul and King Macbeth -- Seemings : philosophical scepticism -- Dreams : the epistemology of sleep -- Signs : vision and the new philosophy.
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  20. Stephen L. Macknik & Susana Martinez-Conde (2004). Dichoptic Visual Masking Reveals That Early Binocular Neurons Exhibit Weak Interocular Suppression: Implications for Binocular Vision and Visual Awareness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16 (6):1049-1059.
  21. Zenon W. Pylyshyn (1999). Is Vision Continuous with Cognition? The Case for Cognitive Impenetrability of Visual Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):341-365.
    Although the study of visual perception has made more progress in the past 40 years than any other area of cognitive science, there remain major disagreements as to how closely vision is tied to general cognition. This paper sets out some of the arguments for both sides and defends the position that an important part of visual perception, which may be called early vision or just vision, is prohibited from accessing relevant expectations, knowledge and (...)
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  22.  89
    Zenon W. Pylyshyn (2000). Is Vision Continuous with Cognition? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):341-365.
    Although the study of visual perception has made more progress in the past 40 years than any other area of cognitive science, there remain major disagreements as to how closely vision is tied to cognition. This target article sets out some of the arguments for both sides (arguments from computer vision, neuroscience, psychophysics, perceptual learning, and other areas of vision science) and defends the position that an important part of visual perception, corresponding to what some people have (...)
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  23.  19
    Costas Pagondiotis (forthcoming). COGNITIVE (IM)PENETRABILITY OF VISION: RESTRICTING VISION Vs. RESTRICTING COGNITION. In J. Zeimbekis & A. Raftopoulos (eds.), Cognitive Penetrability. OUP
    Pylyshyn restricts cognitively penetrable vision to late vision, whereas he does not make any distinction between different kinds of penetrating cognition. I argue that this approach disconnects early vision content from late vision content and blurs the distinction between the latter and the content of thought. To overcome this problem I suggest that we should not distinguish between different kinds of visual content but instead introduce a restriction on the kind of cognition that can directly (...)
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  24.  23
    Robert Michael Brain & Kelly Joan Whitmer (2009). Dissecting Vision in Early Science and Medicine. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (3):448-453.
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  25.  6
    Michael Baxandall (2008). Vanities of the Eye: Vision in Early Modern European Culture. Common Knowledge 14 (2):319-319.
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  26.  6
    Piero E. Ariotti (1973). A Little Known Early Seventeenth Century Treatise on Vision: Benedetto Castelli's Discorso Sopra la Vista. Annals of Science 30 (1):1-30.
  27.  4
    Eric Swanson (2010). Book Review: Cynthea J. Bogel, With A Single Glance: Buddhist Icon and Early Mikkyō Vision. [REVIEW] Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 37 (2):380-383.
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  28.  2
    Patrick J. Bennett (2002). Vision: Early Psychological Processes. In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan
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  29.  2
    William Tronzo (2013). Marie Tanner, Jerusalem on the Hill: Rome and the Vision of Saint Peter's Basilica in the Renaissance. (Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History 60.) London: Harvey Miller Publishers; Turnhout: Brepols, 2010. Pp. 288; 113 Black-and-White and 59 Color Figures. ISBN: 9781905375493. [REVIEW] Speculum 88 (3):856-857.
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  30. William Beidler (1975). The Vision of Self in Early Vedānta. Motilal Banarsidass.
     
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  31. Dallas G. Denery Ii (2010). Vanities of the Eye: Vision in Early Modern European Culture (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):103-104.
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  32. M. A. Georgeson (1996). Locus Hocus-Pocus: Towards a Functional Architecture for Early Spatial Vision. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview 1369-1369.
     
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  33.  30
    Santiago Echeverri (2016). Indexing the World? Visual Tracking, Modularity, and the Perception–Cognition Interface. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (1):215-245.
    Research in vision science, developmental psychology, and the foundations of cognitive science has led some theorists to posit referential mechanisms similar to indices. This hypothesis has been framed within a Fodorian conception of the early vision module. The article shows that this conception is mistaken, for it cannot handle the ‘interface problem’—roughly, how indexing mechanisms relate to higher cognition and conceptual thought. As a result, I reject the inaccessibility of early vision to higher cognition and (...)
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  34.  18
    Maciej Witek, Contextual Facilitation of Colour Recognition: Penetrating Beliefs or Colour-Shape Associations?
    My aim in this paper is to defend the view that the processes underlying early vision are informationally encapsulated. Following Marr (1982) and Pylyshyn (1999) I take early vision to be a cognitive process that takes sensory information as its input and produces the so-called primal sketches or shallow visual outputs: informational states that represent visual objects in terms of their shape, location, size, colour and luminosity. Recently, some researchers (Schirillo 1999, Macpherson 2012) have attempted to (...)
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  35. George Berkeley (1963/1981). Works on Vision. Greenwood Press.
    A treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge -- An essay towards a new theory of vision -- Alciphron, the fourth dialogue (excerpts) -- The theory of vision.
     
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  36.  20
    P. Morton (1993). Supervenience and Computational Explanation in Vision Theory. Philosophy of Science 60 (1):86-99.
    According to Marr's theory of vision, computational processes of early vision rely for their success on certain "natural constraints" in the physical environment. I examine the implications of this feature of Marr's theory for the question whether psychological states supervene on neural states. It is reasonable to hold that Marr's theory is nonindividualistic in that, given the role of natural constraints, distinct computational theories of the same neural processes may be justified in different environments. But to avoid (...)
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  37.  4
    Lianne McTavish (2010). Practices of Looking and the Medical Humanities: Imagining the Unborn in France, 1550–1800. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 31 (1):11-26.
    Visuality is a concept used to study vision as an historically and culturally specific activity. Curriculum in the medical humanities could address visuality by stressing how different kinds of practitioners and peoples learn how to see. This paper introduces the visual training promoted by the discipline of art history, analysing early modern French medical images of the unborn as a case study. The goal is to encourage medical practitioners to reflect on their own visual skills, comparing and contrasting (...)
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  38. Ariel S. Cecchi (2014). Cognitive Penetration, Perceptual Learning and Neural Plasticity. Dialectica 68 (1):63-95.
    Cognitive penetration of perception, broadly understood, is the influence that the cognitive system has on a perceptual system. The paper shows a form of cognitive penetration in the visual system which I call ‘architectural’. Architectural cognitive penetration is the process whereby the behaviour or the structure of the perceptual system is influenced by the cognitive system, which consequently may have an impact on the content of the perceptual experience. I scrutinize a study in perceptual learning that provides empirical evidence that (...)
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  39.  97
    Zenon W. Pylyshyn (2001). Visual Indexes, Preconceptual Objects, and Situated Vision. Cognition 80 (1-2):127-158.
    This paper argues that a theory of situated vision, suited for the dual purposes of object recognition and the control of action, will have to provide something more than a system that constructs a conceptual representation from visual stimuli: it will also need to provide a special kind of direct (preconceptual, unmediated) connection between elements of a visual representation and certain elements in the world. Like natural language demonstratives (such as `this' or `that') this direct connection allows entities to (...)
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  40.  20
    Zenon Pylyshyn (1999). Vision and Cognition: How Do They Connect? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):401-414.
    The target article claimed that although visual apprehension involves all of general cognition, a significant component of vision (referred to as early vision) works independently of cognition and yet is able to provide a surprisingly high level interpretation of visual inputs, roughly up to identifying general shape-classes. The commentators were largely sympathetic, but frequently disagreed on how to draw the boundary, on exactly what early vision delivers, on the role that attention plays, and on how (...)
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  41.  16
    Zenon Pylyshyn, The Role of Visual Indexes in Spatial Vision and Imagery∗∗.
    This paper describes a programmatic theory of a process in early vision called indexing. The theory hypothesizes that a small number of primitive indexes are available for individuating, tracking and providing direct access to salient visual objects. We discuss some empirical and theoretical arguments in favor of the proposed index as a resource-limited link between an internal visual representation and objects in the visual world. We argue that this link is needed to explain a large range of properties (...)
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  42.  5
    Shimon Edelman, No Reconstruction, No Impenetrability (at Least Not Much) A Commentary on ``Is Vision Continuous with Cognition?'' by Z. Pylyshyn.
    Two of the premises of the target paper -- surface reconstruction as the goal of early vision, and inaccessibility of intermediate stages in the process presumably leading to such reconstruction -- are questioned and found wanting.
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  43.  6
    Su-Ling Yeh & I.-Ping Chen (1999). Is Early Visual Processing Attention Impenetrable? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):400-400.
    Pylyshyn's effort in establishing the cognitive impenetrability of early vision is welcome. However, his view about the role of attention in early vision seems to be oversimplified. The allocation of focal attention manifests its effect among multiple stages in the early vision system, it is not just confined to the input and the output levels.
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  44.  1
    Thomas Sanocki (1999). The Future of Vision Needs More Bridges and Fewer Walls. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):392-393.
    The commentator agrees with Pylyshyn's most general claims but sees problems with the more specific proposals about where the boundary between early vision and later processing might lie. The boundary cuts across current models of identification. Limitations in current research on scenic context effects preclude firm conclusions. High-level vision will benefit more from integrative work than from premature analysis.
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  45. Philip F. D. Rubovits-Seitz (2015). Kohut's Freudian Vision. Routledge.
    Heinz Kohut was arguably the most influential modern day psychoanalyst. Because current interest in Kohut's work has focused so completely on self psychology, however, certain aspects of Kohut's thinking, in particular his nonreductive synthesis of Freudian theory, are in danger of being lost. Prior to his development of self psychology, Kohut was a legendary teacher of Freudian theory at the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. In this volume, Philip Rubovits-Seitz presents Kohut's previously unavailable lectures from his course on psychoanalytic psychology along (...)
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  46.  29
    Lucien Goldmann (2013). The Hidden God: A Study of Tragic Vision in the Pensées of Pascal and the Tragedies of Racine. Routledge.
    The concept of ‘world visions’, first elaborated in the early work of Georg Lukàcs, is used here as a tool whereby the similarities between Pascal’s Pensées and Kant’s critical philosophy are contrasted with the rationalism of Descartes and the empiricism of Hume. For Lucien Goldmann, a leading exponent of the most fruitful method of applying Marxist ideas to literary and philosophical problems, the ‘tragic vision’ marked an important phase in the development of European thought from rationalism and empiricism (...)
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  47.  31
    Thomas J. J. Altizer (2009). The Revolutionary Vision of William Blake. Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (1):33-38.
    It was William Blake's insight that the Christian churches, by inverting the Incarnation and the dialectical vision of Paul, have repressed the body, divided God from creation, substituted judgment for grace, and repudiated imagination, compassion, and the original apocalyptic faith of early Christianity. Blake's prophetic poetry thus contributes to the renewal of Christian ethics by a process of subversion and negation of Christian moral, ecclesiastical, and theological traditions, which are recognized precisely as inversions of Jesus, and therefore (...)
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  48. Karen A. Rader (2006). Alexander Hollaender's Postwar Vision for Biology: Oak Ridge and Beyond. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 39 (4):685 - 706.
    Experimental radiobiology represented a long-standing priority for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), but organizational issues initially impeded the laboratory progress of this government-funded work: who would direct such interdisciplinary investigations and how? And should the AEC support basic research or only mission-oriented projects? Alexander Hollaender's vision for biology in the post-war world guided AEC initiatives at Oak Ridge, where he created and presided over the Division of Biology for nearly two decades (1947-1966). Hollaender's scheme, at once entrepreneurial (...)
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  49.  9
    Richard Bowler (2005). Sentient Nature and Human Economy: The 'Human'science of Early Nationalökonomie. History of the Human Sciences 18 (1):23-54.
    Over the course of the 18th century, scholarly examinations of animal nature and behavior rejected ‘mechanical’, overly deterministic hypotheses, suggesting instead that animal action proceeded from a psycho-physiological sentient capacity. Though the ultimate causes of this capacity appeared to elude explanation, they expressed themselves in behaviors that scholars described and analyzed. Interpretations of sentient, animal nature also bore on the contemporary understanding of human nature: like animals, human beings were also considered to possess a psycho-physiological nature that motivated them to (...)
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  50.  1
    Daniel Trohler (2006). The "Kingdom of God on Earth" and Early Chicago Pragmatism. Educational Theory 56 (1):89-105.
    Pragmatism has been rediscovered in recent years and presented as emblematic of modern thinking. At the center of this worldwide interest in late‐nineteenth century Pragmatism stood, first, a rejection of the traditional dualistic construction of the world in philosophy and psychology; second, a distinguishing of the findings of learning theory from those of evolutionary theory; and, third, a consideration of industrial democracy as the context of modern thinking and action. In this essay Daniel Tröhler shows that these innovations were far (...)
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