Search results for 'ecological perception' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joel Norman (2001). Two Visual Systems and Two Theories of Perception: An Attempt to Reconcile the Constructivist and Ecological Approaches. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):73-96.
    The two contrasting theoretical approaches to visual perception, the constructivist and the ecological, are briefly presented and illustrated through their analyses of space and size perception. Earlier calls for their reconciliation and unification are reviewed. Neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and psychophysical evidence for the existence of two quite distinct visual systems, the ventral and the dorsal, is presented. These two perceptual systems differ in their functions; the ventral system's central function is that of identification, while the dorsal system is (...)
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  2. James J. Gibson (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin.
    And in the end I came to believe that the whole theory of depth perception was false. I suggested a new theory in a book on what I called the visual world ...
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  3.  54
    Garry Young (2005). Ecological Perception Affords an Explanation of Object Permanence. Philosophical Explorations 8 (2):189-208.
    In this paper I aim to present an explanation of object permanence that is derived from an ecological account of perceptually based action. In understanding why children below a certain age do not search for occluded objects, one must first understand the process by which these children perform certain intentional actions on non-occluded items; and to do this one must understand the role affordances play in eliciting retrieval behaviour. My affordance-based explanation is contrasted with Shinskey and Munakata's graded representation (...)
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  4.  5
    Patrick A. Cabe (2001). Absolutist Array Specification and Species Survival: An Ecological Perspective on Ecological Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):217-217.
    Stoffregen & Bardy propose an absolutist transmodal array structure model, intended to displace models of specification in all existing perceptual theories. Absolute specification of world structure in array structures, either unimodal or transmodal, may not be provable, but might be falsifiable. Absolute specification, moreover, may not be a necessary postulate in an ecological approach to understanding perception-action.
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  5. Mark Reybrouck (2005). A Biosemiotic and Ecological Approach to Music Cognition: Event Perception Between Auditory Listening and Cognitive Economy. [REVIEW] Axiomathes. An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems. 15 (2):229-266.
    This paper addresses the question whether we can conceive of music cognition in ecosemiotic terms. It claims that music knowledge must be generated as a tool for adaptation to the sonic world and calls forth a shift from a structural description of music as an artifact to a process-like approach to dealing with music. As listeners, we are observers who construct and organize our knowledge and bring with us our observational tools. What matters is not merely the sonic world in (...)
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  6. Harry Heft (1989). Affordances and the Body: An Intentional Analysis of Gibson's Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (1):1–30.
    In his ecological approach to perception, james gibson introduced the concept of affordance to refer to the perceived meaning of environmental objects and events. this paper examines the relational and causal character of affordances, as well as the grounds for extending affordances beyond environmental features with transcultural meaning to include those features with culturally-specific meaning. such an extension is seen as warranted once affordances are grounded in an intentional analysis of perception. toward this end, aspects of merleau-ponty's (...)
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  7. Berm (1998). Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Nonconceptual Point of View. In The Body and the Self. Cambridge: MIT Press
  8.  59
    Mark Reybrouck (2005). A Biosemiotic and Ecological Approach to Music Cognition: Event Perception Between Auditory Listening and Cognitive Economy. Axiomathes 15 (2):229-266.
    This paper addresses the question whether we can conceive of music cognition in ecosemiotic terms. It claims that music knowledge must be generated as a tool for adaptation to the sonic world and calls forth a shift from a structural description of music as an artifact to a process-like approach to dealing with music. As listeners, we are observers who construct and organize our knowledge and bring with us our observational tools. What matters is not merely the sonic world in (...)
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  9. Joan Martinez-Alier (1991). Ecological Perception, Environmental Policy and Distributional Conflicts: Some Lessons From History. In Robert Costanza (ed.), Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press 118--136.
     
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  10.  5
    José Luis Bermúdez, Naomi Eilan & Anthony Marcel (1995). Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Non-Conceptual Point of View. In Jose Luis Bermudez, Anthony J. Marcel & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self. MIT Press
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  11.  15
    G. P. Ginsburg (1990). The Ecological Perception Debate: An Affordance of the Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (4):347–364.
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  12.  36
    Anthony Chemero & M. T. Turvey (2007). Complexity, Hypersets, and the Ecological Perspective on Perception-Action. Biological Theory 2 (1):23-36.
    The ecological approach to perception-action is unlike the standard approach in several respects. It takes the animal-in-its-environment as the proper scale for the theory and analysis of perception-action, it eschews symbol based accounts of perception-action, it promotes self-organization as the theory-constitutive metaphor for perception-action, and it employs self-referring, non-predicative definitions in explaining perception-action. The present article details the complexity issues confronted by the ecological approach in terms suggested by Rosen and introduces non-well-founded set (...)
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  13.  20
    Clinton Cooper & Claire F. Michaels (2001). Perception, Learning, and Judgment in Ecological Psychology: Who Needs a Constructivist Ventral System? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):101-102.
    Norman's identification of a ventral system embodying a constructivist theory of perception is rejected in favor of an ecological theory of perception and perceptual learning. We summarize research showing that a key motivation for the ventral-constructivist connection, percept-percept coupling, confuses perceptual and post-perceptual processes.
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  14.  11
    Edouard Gentaz, Yvette Hatwell & Arlette Streri (2001). Constructivist and Ecological Approaches in Tactual Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):106-106.
    Constructivist and ecological approaches are also observed in tactile perception studies. The question is whether identification and localization are dissociated in the tactile modality as well, and whether Norman's conception may be generalized to the field of touch. An analogue to blindsight was evidenced in passive touch, but no such dissociation was observed in active touch. A study is in progress in this domain.
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  15.  38
    Avrum Stroll (1986). The Role of Surfaces in an Ecological Theory of Perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (March):437-453.
  16.  52
    Philip A. Glotzbach & Harry Heff (1982). Ecological and Phenomenological Contributions to the Psychology of Perception. Noûs 16 (March):108-121.
  17. Jerry A. Fodor & Zenon W. Pylyshyn (1981). How Direct is Visual Perception? Some Reflections on Gibson's 'Ecological Approach'. Cognition 9 (2):139-96.
    Examines the theses that the postulation of mental processing is unnecessary to account for our perceptual relationship with the world, see turvey etal. for a criticque.
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  18.  22
    J. A. Fodor & Z. W. Pylyshyn (1981). How Direct is Visual Perception?: Some Reflections on Gibson's “Ecological Approach”. Cognition 9 (2):139-196.
    Establishment holds that thc psychological mechanism of inference is the ment psychological thcorizing. Moreover, given this conciliatory reading, transformation of mental representations, it follows that perception is in.
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  19.  1
    Leslie A. Zebrowitz (2011). Ecological and Social Approaches to Face Perception. In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. OUP Oxford 31.
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  20. James J. Gibson (2004). A Theory of Direct Visual Perception, and From The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing 158.
     
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  21.  10
    Beatrice De Gelder & Paul Bertelson (2003). Multisensory Integration, Perception and Ecological Validity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):460-467.
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  22. Edward S. Reed (1987). Why Do Things Look as They Do? The Implications of JJ Gibson's The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press 90--114.
     
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  23.  47
    Michael Braund (2008). The Structures of Perception: An Ecological Perspective. Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):123-144.
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  24.  24
    Aaron Ben-Zeev (1981). J.J. Gibson and the Ecological Approach to Perception. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):107-139.
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  25.  9
    Claudia Carello & M. T. Turvey (2002). The Ecological Approach to Perception. In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan
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  26.  3
    Lucy Yardley (1994). The Significance of the Active Pick-Up of Information in Ecological Theories of Motion Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):340.
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  27.  6
    Philip L. Knowles & David Lawson Smith (1982). The Ecological Perspective Applied to Social Perception: Revision of a Working Paper. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 12 (1):53–78.
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  28.  4
    Alan Costall (2004). From Direct Perception to the Primacy of Action: A Closer Look at James Gibson's Ecological Approach to Psychology. In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell 70--89.
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  29.  12
    Bernd H. Schmitt (1987). The Ecological Approach to Social Perception: A Conceptual Critique. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 17 (3):265–278.
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  30. William Noble (1987). Perception and Language: Towards a Complete Ecological Psychology. In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press 128--141.
     
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  31. Leslie Z. McArthur & Reuben M. Baron (1983). Toward an Ecological Theory of Social Perception. Psychological Review 90 (3):215-238.
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  32.  3
    Wayne L. Shebilske (1994). Ecological Efference Mediation Theory and Motion Perception During Self-Motion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):330.
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  33.  10
    Philip Knowles & David Smith (1981). The Ecological Perspective Applied to Social Perception. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 11 (2):189–206.
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  34. Tony Chemero & Michael Turvey, Hypersets, Complexity, and the Ecological Approach to Perception-Action.
     
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  35.  1
    M. T. Turvey (2003). Perception: The Ecological Approach. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group
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  36.  2
    Wayne L. Shebilske (1994). Calibration Models and Ecological Efference Mediation Theory: Toward a Synthesis of Indirect and Direct Perception Theories. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):276.
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  37.  1
    Marjorie Grene (1982). Abstract of Comments: Ecological and Phenomenological Contributions to the Psychology of Perception. Noûs 16 (1):122 -.
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  38. Richard D. Walk & Kathy Walters (1984). Ecological Depth Perception: Ducklings Tested Together and Alone. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (4):368-371.
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  39.  32
    William F. Brewer (2015). Perception is Theory Laden: The Naturalized Evidence and Philosophical Implications. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):121-138.
    This paper proposes a set of criteria for an appropriate experiment on the issue of the theory ladenness of perception. These criteria are used to select a number of experiments that use: belief-based ambiguous figures, fragmented figures, or memory color. Crucially, the data in experiments of this type are based on the participant’s qualitative visual experience. Across many different types of experimental designs, different types of stimuli, and different types of belief manipulation, these experiments show the impact of belief/theory (...)
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  40. S. Ullman (1980). Against Direct Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):333-81.
    Central to contemporary cognitive science is the notion that mental processes involve computations defined over internal representations. This view stands in sharp contrast to the to visual perception and cognition, whose most prominent proponent has been J.J. Gibson. In the direct theory, perception does not involve computations of any sort; it is the result of the direct pickup of available information. The publication of Gibson's recent book (Gibson 1979) offers an opportunity to examine his approach, and, more generally, (...)
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  41. John T. Sanders, Philosophical Foundations for the Ecological Approach.
    Harry Heft's Ecological Psychology in Context is an important book in many ways. For one thing, it adds considerably to our understanding of the historical background of J.J. Gibson's thought. But more than that, Heft aims to place ecological psychology not just historically, but philosophically. He says "This volume shows that radical empiricism stands at the heart of Gibson's ecological program, and it can usefully be employed as the conceptual centerpiece for ecological psychology more broadly construed" (...)
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  42.  12
    Leslie A. Duram (2000). Agents' Perceptions of Structure: How Illinois Organic Farmers View Political, Economic, Social, and Ecological Factors. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 17 (1):35-48.
    Various structural factors influenceorganic farmer decision-making. Analyses that combinestructure and agency provide an opportunity forunderstanding farmers' perceptions of the political,economic, and social ``world'' in which they operate.Rich conversational interviews, conducted with twentycertified organic farmers in Illinois and analyzedwith multiple qualitative methods, show how farmersmediate structural concerns. In addition to political,economic, and social structures, a fourth structure isneeded. Indeed these organic farmers emphasize theimportance of ecological factors in theirdecision-making. Within the perceived economic,political, social, and ecological structures, numeroustopics (i.e., marketing, (...)
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  43.  15
    Manuel Heras-Escribano & Manuel de Pinedo (forthcoming). Are Affordances Normative? Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-25.
    In this paper we explore in what sense we can claim that affordances, the objects of perception for ecological psychology, are related to normativity. First, we offer an account of normativity and provide some examples of how it is understood in the specialized literature. Affordances, we claim, lack correctness criteria and, hence, the possibility of error is not among their necessary conditions. For this reason we will oppose Chemero’s normative theory of affordances. Finally, we will show that there (...)
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  44. Luis H. Favela (2014). Walking Through Apertures: Assessing Judgments Obtained From Multiple Modalities. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    According to Gibson's ecological theory of perception-action, the proper objects of perception are affordances. Affordances are directly perceivable, environmental opportunities for behavior. The current study assessed affordance judgments, and the confidence ratings corresponding to those judgments, of aperture pass-through-ability based on three modes of perceiving. The modes were vision and two blindfolded conditions involving haptic perception via technological aids: A cane and the Enactive Torch (ET). The first hypothesis, that vision would provide judgments of the critical (...)
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  45.  6
    Luis Emilio Bruni (2008). Hierarchical Categorical Perception in Sensing and Cognitive Processes. Biosemiotics 1 (1):113-130.
    This article considers categorical perception (CP) as a crucial process involved in all sort of communication throughout the biological hierarchy, i.e. in all of biosemiosis. Until now, there has been consideration of CP exclusively within the functional cycle of perception–cognition–action and it has not been considered the possibility to extend this kind of phenomena to the mere physiological level. To generalise the notion of CP in this sense, I have proposed to distinguish between categorical perception (CP) and (...)
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  46.  27
    Philip A. Glotzbach (1992). Determining the Primary Problem of Visual Perception: A Gibsonian Response to the Correlation' Objection. Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):69-94.
    Fodor & Pylyshyn (1981) criticize J. J. Gibson's ecological account of perception for failing to address what I call the 'correlation problem' in visual perception. That is, they charge that Gibson cannot explain how perceivers learn to correlate detectable properties of the light with perceptible properties of the environment. Furthermore, they identify the correlation problem as a crucial issue for any theory of visual perception, what I call a 'primary problem'—i.e. a problem which plays a definitive (...)
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  47.  24
    Snjezana Prijic-Samarzija (2004). Some Epistemological Consequences of the Dual-Aspect Theory of Visual Perception. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (11):273-290.
    Seeking whether our perception produces knowledge which is not only relative or subjective perspective on things, is to be engaged in the realist/anti-realist debate regarding perception. In this article I pursue the naturalistic approach according to which the question whether perception delivers objective knowledge about the external world is inseparable from empirical investigation into mechanisms of perception. More precisely, I have focused on the dual aspect theory of perception, one of the most influential recent theories (...)
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  48.  6
    David M. Boynton (1993). Relativism in Gibson's Theory of Picture Perception. Journal of Mind and Behavior 14 (1):51-69.
    Gibson's ecological approach to depiction is compared with Nelson Goodman's relativist theory of representation. Goodman's commitment to radical relativism and Gibson's to direct realism would make these thinkers unlikely candidates for comparison if Goodman himself had not indicated a substantial body of agreement with Gibson in the area of picture perception. The present study analyzes this agreement through systematic discussion of the following theses: realism in representation is not a function of geometrical optics, physical similarity to what is (...)
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  49.  14
    Cees van Leeuwen & John Stins (1994). Perceivable Information Or: The Happy Marriage Between Ecological Psychology and Gestalt. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):267-285.
    The ecological realist concept of information as environmental specification is discussed. It is argued that affordances in ecological realism could, in principle, rest on a notion of partial specification of environmental circumstances. For this aim, a notion of Gestalt quality as a hierarchical structure of affordances would have to be adopted. It is claimed that such an account could provide a promising way to deal with problems of intentionality in perception and action, awareness and problem solving.
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  50. Tony Chemero (2001). What We Perceive When We Perceive Affordances: Commentary on Michaels (2000), Information, Perception and Action. Ecological Psychology 13 (2):111-116.
    In her essay --?Information, Perception and Action--, Claire Michaels reaches two conclusions that run very much against the grain of ecological psychology. First, she claims that affordances are not perceived, but simply acted upon; second, because of this, perception and action ought to be conceived separately. These conclusions are based upon a misinterpretation of empirical evidence which is, in turn, based upon a conflation of two proper objects of perception: objectively with properties and affordances.
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