Search results for 'ecological perception' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joel Norman (2001). Two Visual Systems and Two Theories of Perception: An Attempt to Reconcile the Constructivist and Ecological Approaches. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):73-96.score: 192.0
    The two contrasting theoretical approaches to visual perception, the constructivist and the ecological, are briefly presented and illustrated through their analyses of space and size perception. Earlier calls for their reconciliation and unification are reviewed. Neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and psychophysical evidence for the existence of two quite distinct visual systems, the ventral and the dorsal, is presented. These two perceptual systems differ in their functions; the ventral system's central function is that of identification, while the dorsal system is (...)
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  2. Berm (1998). Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Nonconceptual Point of View. In The Body and the Self. Cambridge: Mit Press.score: 178.0
  3. Garry Young (2005). Ecological Perception Affords an Explanation of Object Permanence. Philosophical Explorations 8 (2):189-208.score: 174.0
    In this paper I aim to present an explanation of object permanence that is derived from an ecological account of perceptually based action. In understanding why children below a certain age do not search for occluded objects, one must first understand the process by which these children perform certain intentional actions on non-occluded items; and to do this one must understand the role affordances play in eliciting retrieval behaviour. My affordance-based explanation is contrasted with Shinskey and Munakata's graded representation (...)
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  4. Patrick A. Cabe (2001). Absolutist Array Specification and Species Survival: An Ecological Perspective on Ecological Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):217-217.score: 174.0
    Stoffregen & Bardy propose an absolutist transmodal array structure model, intended to displace models of specification in all existing perceptual theories. Absolute specification of world structure in array structures, either unimodal or transmodal, may not be provable, but might be falsifiable. Absolute specification, moreover, may not be a necessary postulate in an ecological approach to understanding perception-action.
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  5. Harry Heft (1989). Affordances and the Body: An Intentional Analysis of Gibson's Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (1):1–30.score: 168.0
    In his ecological approach to perception, james gibson introduced the concept of affordance to refer to the perceived meaning of environmental objects and events. this paper examines the relational and causal character of affordances, as well as the grounds for extending affordances beyond environmental features with transcultural meaning to include those features with culturally-specific meaning. such an extension is seen as warranted once affordances are grounded in an intentional analysis of perception. toward this end, aspects of merleau-ponty's (...)
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  6. Mark Reybrouck (2005). A Biosemiotic and Ecological Approach to Music Cognition: Event Perception Between Auditory Listening and Cognitive Economy. [REVIEW] Axiomathes. An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems. 15 (2):229-266.score: 156.0
    This paper addresses the question whether we can conceive of music cognition in ecosemiotic terms. It claims that music knowledge must be generated as a tool for adaptation to the sonic world and calls forth a shift from a structural description of music as an artifact to a process-like approach to dealing with music. As listeners, we are observers who construct and organize our knowledge and bring with us our observational tools. What matters is not merely the sonic world in (...)
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  7. Mark Reybrouck (2005). A Biosemiotic and Ecological Approach to Music Cognition: Event Perception Between Auditory Listening and Cognitive Economy. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 15 (2):229-266.score: 156.0
    This paper addresses the question whether we can conceive of music cognition in ecosemiotic terms. It claims that music knowledge must be generated as a tool for adaptation to the sonic world and calls forth a shift from a structural description of music as an artifact to a process-like approach to dealing with music. As listeners, we are observers who construct and organize our knowledge and bring with us our observational tools. What matters is not merely the sonic world in (...)
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  8. Joan Martinez-Alier (1991). Ecological Perception, Environmental Policy and Distributional Conflicts: Some Lessons From History. In Robert Costanza (ed.), Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press. 118--136.score: 156.0
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  9. G. P. Ginsburg (1990). The Ecological Perception Debate: An Affordance of the Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (4):347–364.score: 150.0
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  10. José Luis Bermúdez, Naomi Eilan & Anthony Marcel (1995). Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Non-Conceptual Point of View. In Jose Luis Bermudez, Anthony J. Marcel & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self. Mit Press.score: 150.0
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  11. Clinton Cooper & Claire F. Michaels (2001). Perception, Learning, and Judgment in Ecological Psychology: Who Needs a Constructivist Ventral System? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):101-102.score: 144.0
    Norman's identification of a ventral system embodying a constructivist theory of perception is rejected in favor of an ecological theory of perception and perceptual learning. We summarize research showing that a key motivation for the ventral-constructivist connection, percept-percept coupling, confuses perceptual and post-perceptual processes.
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  12. Edouard Gentaz, Yvette Hatwell & Arlette Streri (2001). Constructivist and Ecological Approaches in Tactual Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):106-106.score: 144.0
    Constructivist and ecological approaches are also observed in tactile perception studies. The question is whether identification and localization are dissociated in the tactile modality as well, and whether Norman's conception may be generalized to the field of touch. An analogue to blindsight was evidenced in passive touch, but no such dissociation was observed in active touch. A study is in progress in this domain.
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  13. Philip A. Glotzbach & Harry Heff (1982). Ecological and Phenomenological Contributions to the Psychology of Perception. Noûs 16 (March):108-121.score: 132.0
  14. Avrum Stroll (1986). The Role of Surfaces in an Ecological Theory of Perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (March):437-453.score: 132.0
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  15. James J. Gibson (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin.score: 126.0
    And in the end I came to believe that the whole theory of depth perception was false. I suggested a new theory in a book on what I called the visual world ...
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  16. James J. Gibson (2004). A Theory of Direct Visual Perception, and From The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing. 158.score: 126.0
     
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  17. Leslie A. Zebrowitz (2011). Ecological and Social Approaches to Face Perception. In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oup Oxford. 31.score: 126.0
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  18. Jerry A. Fodor & Zenon W. Pylyshyn (1981). How Direct is Visual Perception? Some Reflections on Gibson's 'Ecological Approach'. Cognition 9 (2):139-96.score: 120.0
    Examines the theses that the postulation of mental processing is unnecessary to account for our perceptual relationship with the world, see turvey etal. for a criticque.
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  19. Michael Braund (2008). The Structures of Perception: An Ecological Perspective. Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):123-144.score: 120.0
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  20. Anthony Chemero & M. T. Turvey (2007). Complexity, Hypersets, and the Ecological Perspective on Perception-Action. Biological Theory 2 (1):23-36.score: 120.0
  21. Aaron Ben-Zeev (1981). J.J. Gibson and the Ecological Approach to Perception. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):107-139.score: 120.0
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  22. Bernd H. Schmitt (1987). The Ecological Approach to Social Perception: A Conceptual Critique. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 17 (3):265–278.score: 120.0
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  23. Tony Chemero & Michael Turvey, Hypersets, Complexity, and the Ecological Approach to Perception-Action.score: 120.0
     
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  24. Philip Knowles & David Smith (1981). The Ecological Perspective Applied to Social Perception. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 11 (2):189–206.score: 120.0
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  25. Philip L. Knowles & David Lawson Smith (1982). The Ecological Perspective Applied to Social Perception: Revision of a Working Paper. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 12 (1):53–78.score: 120.0
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  26. Claudia Carello & M. T. Turvey (2002). The Ecological Approach to Perception. In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.score: 120.0
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  27. Leslie A. Duram (2000). Agents' Perceptions of Structure: How Illinois Organic Farmers View Political, Economic, Social, and Ecological Factors. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 17 (1):35-48.score: 120.0
    Various structural factors influenceorganic farmer decision-making. Analyses that combinestructure and agency provide an opportunity forunderstanding farmers' perceptions of the political,economic, and social ``world'' in which they operate.Rich conversational interviews, conducted with twentycertified organic farmers in Illinois and analyzedwith multiple qualitative methods, show how farmersmediate structural concerns. In addition to political,economic, and social structures, a fourth structure isneeded. Indeed these organic farmers emphasize theimportance of ecological factors in theirdecision-making. Within the perceived economic,political, social, and ecological structures, numeroustopics (i.e., marketing, (...)
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  28. Wayne L. Shebilske (1994). Ecological Efference Mediation Theory and Motion Perception During Self-Motion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):330.score: 120.0
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  29. Alan Costall (2004). From Direct Perception to the Primacy of Action: A Closer Look at James Gibson's Ecological Approach to Psychology. In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell. 70--89.score: 120.0
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  30. Beatrice De Gelder & Paul Bertelson (2003). Multisensory Integration, Perception and Ecological Validity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):460-467.score: 120.0
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  31. Marjorie Grene (1982). Abstract of Comments: Ecological and Phenomenological Contributions to the Psychology of Perception. Noûs 16 (1):122 -.score: 120.0
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  32. Wayne L. Shebilske (1994). Calibration Models and Ecological Efference Mediation Theory: Toward a Synthesis of Indirect and Direct Perception Theories. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):276.score: 120.0
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  33. William Noble (1987). Perception and Language: Towards a Complete Ecological Psychology. In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press. 128--141.score: 120.0
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  34. Edward S. Reed (1987). Why Do Things Look as They Do? The Implications of JJ Gibson's The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press. 90--114.score: 120.0
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  35. M. T. Turvey (2003). Perception: The Ecological Approach. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.score: 120.0
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  36. Richard D. Walk & Kathy Walters (1984). Ecological Depth Perception: Ducklings Tested Together and Alone. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (4):368-371.score: 120.0
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  37. Lucy Yardley (1994). The Significance of the Active Pick-Up of Information in Ecological Theories of Motion Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):340.score: 120.0
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  38. S. Ullman (1980). Against Direct Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):333-81.score: 84.0
    Central to contemporary cognitive science is the notion that mental processes involve computations defined over internal representations. This view stands in sharp contrast to the to visual perception and cognition, whose most prominent proponent has been J.J. Gibson. In the direct theory, perception does not involve computations of any sort; it is the result of the direct pickup of available information. The publication of Gibson's recent book (Gibson 1979) offers an opportunity to examine his approach, and, more generally, (...)
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  39. John T. Sanders, Philosophical Foundations for the Ecological Approach.score: 84.0
    Harry Heft's Ecological Psychology in Context is an important book in many ways. For one thing, it adds considerably to our understanding of the historical background of J.J. Gibson's thought. But more than that, Heft aims to place ecological psychology not just historically, but philosophically. He says "This volume shows that radical empiricism stands at the heart of Gibson's ecological program, and it can usefully be employed as the conceptual centerpiece for ecological psychology more broadly construed" (...)
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  40. Evan Thompson (1995). Colour Vision: A Study in Cognitive Science and the Philosophy of Perception. New York: Routledge.score: 78.0
    This book is a major contribution to the interdisciplinary project of investigating the true nature of color vision. In recent times, research into color vision has been one of the main success stories of cognitive science. Each discipline in the field--neuroscience, psychology, linguistics, computer science and philosophy--has contributed significantly to our understanding of color. Evan Thompson provides an accessible review of current scientific and philosophical discussions of color vision. He steers a course between the subjective and objective positions on color, (...)
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  41. Cees van Leeuwen & John Stins (1994). Perceivable Information Or: The Happy Marriage Between Ecological Psychology and Gestalt. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):267-285.score: 78.0
    The ecological realist concept of information as environmental specification is discussed. It is argued that affordances in ecological realism could, in principle, rest on a notion of partial specification of environmental circumstances. For this aim, a notion of Gestalt quality as a hierarchical structure of affordances would have to be adopted. It is claimed that such an account could provide a promising way to deal with problems of intentionality in perception and action, awareness and problem solving.
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  42. Philip A. Glotzbach (1992). Determining the Primary Problem of Visual Perception: A Gibsonian Response to the Correlation' Objection. Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):69-94.score: 66.0
    Fodor & Pylyshyn (1981) criticize J. J. Gibson's ecological account of perception for failing to address what I call the 'correlation problem' in visual perception. That is, they charge that Gibson cannot explain how perceivers learn to correlate detectable properties of the light with perceptible properties of the environment. Furthermore, they identify the correlation problem as a crucial issue for any theory of visual perception, what I call a 'primary problem'—i.e. a problem which plays a definitive (...)
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  43. Luis Emilio Bruni (2008). Hierarchical Categorical Perception in Sensing and Cognitive Processes. Biosemiotics 1 (1):113-130.score: 66.0
    This article considers categorical perception (CP) as a crucial process involved in all sort of communication throughout the biological hierarchy, i.e. in all of biosemiosis. Until now, there has been consideration of CP exclusively within the functional cycle of perception–cognition–action and it has not been considered the possibility to extend this kind of phenomena to the mere physiological level. To generalise the notion of CP in this sense, I have proposed to distinguish between categorical perception (CP) and (...)
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  44. Tony Chemero (2001). What We Perceive When We Perceive Affordances: Commentary on Michaels (2000), Information, Perception and Action. Ecological Psychology 13 (2):111-116.score: 60.0
    In her essay --?Information, Perception and Action--, Claire Michaels reaches two conclusions that run very much against the grain of ecological psychology. First, she claims that affordances are not perceived, but simply acted upon; second, because of this, perception and action ought to be conceived separately. These conclusions are based upon a misinterpretation of empirical evidence which is, in turn, based upon a conflation of two proper objects of perception: objectively with properties and affordances.
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  45. K. Mitch Hodge (2006). What Myths Reveal About How Humans Think: A Cognitive Approach to Myth. Dissertation, University of Texas Arlingtonscore: 60.0
    This thesis has two main goals: (1) to argue that myths are natural products of human cognition; and (2) that structuralism, as introduced by Claude Levi-Strauss, provides an over-arching theory of myth when supplemented and supported by current research in philosophy of mind, cognitive psychology, and cognitive anthropology. With regard to (1), we argue that myths are naturally produced by the human mind through individuals’ interaction with their natural and social environments. This interaction is constrained by both the type of (...)
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  46. Richard A. Carlson (1997). Meshing Glenberg with Piaget, Gibson, and the Ecological Self. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):21-21.score: 60.0
    Glenberg's rethinking of memory theory seems limited in its ability to handle abstract symbolic thought, the selective character of cognition, and the self. Glenberg's framework can be elaborated by linking it with theoretical efforts concerned with cognitive development (Piaget) and ecological perception (Gibson). These elaborations point to the role of memory in specifying the self as an active agent.
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  47. Virgil Whitmyer (1999). Ecological Color. Philosophical Psychology 12 (2):197-214.score: 58.0
    In his 1995 book Colour vision (New York: Routledge), Evan Thompson proposes a new approach to the ontology of color according to which it is tied to the ecological dispositions-affordances described by J.J. Gibson and his followers. Thompson claims that a relational account of color is necessary in order to avoid the problems that go along with the dispute between subjectivists and objectivists about color, but he claims that the received view of perception does not allow a satisfactory (...)
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  48. Ulric Neisser (2001). The Dorsal System and the Ecological Self. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):114-114.score: 54.0
    Perception, as Gibson described it – picking up information that specifies the real local situation – includes not only perceiving affordances and controlling small movements, but also seeing the large-scale environmental layout and the position/movement of the “ecological self.” If the dorsal cortical system is also responsible for that very significant achievement, its activity must be at least partly conscious.
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  49. William Bechtel (1988). Studies of Categorization: A Review Essay of Neisser's 'Concepts and Conceptual Development' and Hamad's 'Categorical Perception'. Philosophical Psychology 1 (3):381-389.score: 54.0
    Concepts and Conceptual Development: Ecological and Intellectual Factors in Categorization ULRIC NEISSER, 1987 Cambridge, Cambridge University Press x+384 pp., $39.50 Categorical Perception STEVAN HARNAD, 1987 Cambridge, Cambridge University Press x+599 pp., $59.50.
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  50. Joel Norman (2001). Adequacy and Utility of the Dual-Process Approach to Perception: Time (and Research) Will Tell. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):121-137.score: 54.0
    My response and reactions to the quite diverse commentaries are presented. Among the topics covered are a response to holders of the ecological viewpoint; memory and learning in the two perceptual systems; development of the two systems; biological motion; size and distance perception; illusion and the two systems; and several others. It is suggested that the dual-process approach is a viable working theory of space perception and, perhaps, of other types of perception as well. Hopefully, future (...)
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