Search results for 'economic systems' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Charles Sayward (1989). Is Any Economic System Unjust? Southwest Philosophy Review 5 (2):17-23.score: 64.0
    The morality of an economic system characterized as an Adam Smith type system is compared with one characterized by central planning. A prima facie case is made that, while the latter has attributes that satisfy a necessary condition for having moral attributes, the former does not and, as a result, has no moral attributes. But then a deeper look at the situation reveals that the directed systems really do not satisfy the necessary condition either. Both the directed and (...)
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  2. Rod Cross (1995). Metaphors and Time Reversibility and Irreversibility in Economic Systems. Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (1):123-134.score: 63.0
    This paper deals with the way metaphors carried over from physical or biological systems condition the analysis of economic systems. The metaphors drawn from Newtonian mechanics, or from conservative fields of force, by neoclassical economists are discussed. Alternative metaphors which involve non-homeostasis and time irreversible processes are then outlined. Particular attention is paid to thermodynamics, evolutionary biology, and non-conservative or hysteretic force fields as sources of such metaphors. It is argued that these metaphors provide illumination to aspects (...)
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  3. Sergiy Melnyk, ALGEBRA OF FUNDAMENTAL MEASUREMENTS AS A BASIS OF DYNAMICS OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS. arXiv.score: 60.0
    We propose an axiomatic approach to constructing the dynamics of systems, in which one the main elements 9e8 is the consciousness of a subject. The main axiom is the statements that the state of consciousness is completely determined by the results of measurements performed on it. In case of economic systems we propose to consider an offer of transaction as a fundamental measurement. Transactions with delayed choice, discussed in this paper, represent a logical generalization of incomplete transactions (...)
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  4. Mae-Wan Ho (1998). On the Nature of Sustainable Economic Systems. World Futures 51 (3):199-221.score: 60.0
    A sustainable system has all the essential characteristics of an organism?an irreducible whole that develops, maintains and reproduces, or renews, itself by mobilizing material and energy captured from the environment. What is the nature of the material and energy mobilization that makes an organism? I begin with a brief description of a tentative theory of the organism?developed in detail elsewhere (Ho, 1993; 1994a; 1995a,b; 1996b,c)?as a dynamically and energetically closed domain of cyclic non?dissipative processes coupled to irreversible dissipative processes, which (...)
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  5. J. Barkley Rosser, Special Problems of Forests as Ecologic-Economic Systems.score: 60.0
    Ecologic-economic systems tend to exhibit greater complexity than systems that are purely ecological or economic. The interactions between the two types often generates nonlinear relations that lead to various kinds of complex dynamics that complicate management and decisionmaking regarding them. Of these, forests have characteristics that lead them to have special problems not usually encountered in the management of such systems. A central one is the long time periods involved managing forests compared to most other (...)
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  6. Mika Pantzar (1993). Editorial Introduction to Special Issue on Evolution of Socio-Economic Systems. World Futures 37 (2):1-3.score: 60.0
    (1993). Editorial introduction to special issue on evolution of socio‐economic systems. World Futures: Vol. 37, The Evolution of Socio-Economic Systems, pp. 1-3.
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  7. Marcel J. Boumans, Measurement in Economic Systems.score: 57.0
    The metrology literature neglects a strong empirical measurement tradition in economics, which is different from the traditions as accounted for by the formalist representational theory of measurement. This empirical tradition comes closest to Mari's characterization of measurement in which he describes measurement results as informationally adequate to given goals. In economics, one has to deal with soft systems, which induces problems of invariance and of self-awareness. It will be shown that in the empirical economic measurement tradition both problems (...)
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  8. Arthur Rich (2006). Business and Economic Ethics: The Ethics of Economic Systems. Peeters.score: 50.0
    This book is a fundamental and unique masterpiece which reflects the discussions on business and economic ethics over decades in German-speaking countries, and ...
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  9. Lawrence A. Berger (1996). Mutual Understanding, The State of Attention, and the Ground for Interaction in Economic Systems. Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (1):1-25.score: 48.0
    Neoclassical economic theory assurnes that people pursue utility maximization within an obiective framework, evident to all, that serves as the basis for the interaction. Agents are assumed to be detached observers who see the situation as it is in obiective reality. It is argued in this article that there is no obiective ground for interaction that exists apart from the understanding of economic agents. Agents have orientations that change over time depending on the way that the situation is (...)
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  10. Michel Quéré (1994). Economic Cohesion and Innovation Systems in Europe. AI and Society 8 (2):131-141.score: 48.0
    This paper leads to apply some recent developments in the economic literature dealing with the concept of innovation systems to the problem of economic cohesion in Europe. Starting from a definition of innovation systems, it allows to consider firms and sets of intstitutions as two main but different types of innovation systems. This distinction is the source of a discussion about the nature of the coordination problems which appear when considering the European diversity of innovation (...)
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  11. Nobuyuki Chikudate (2002). Collective Myopia and Defective Higher Educations Behind the Scenes of Ethically Bankrupted Economic Systems: A Reflexive Note From a Japanese University and Taking a Step Toward Transcultural Dialogues. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 38 (3):205 - 225.score: 48.0
    This study focused on the indirect influences of defective higher education, especially management education, on the corruption of Japanese business communities since 1997. Most arrested or penalized Japanese executives and bureaucrats since 1997 were the alumni of prestigious Japanese universities. Their levels of academic achievements are, consequently, conceived to be the highest of Japanese standards. They were, however, found guilty. Why did these highly intelligent Japanese adults make such fatal mistakes? In this article, the author argued that the event of (...)
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  12. Jan Rivkin (1999). Reviews: Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World, Kevin Kelly. [REVIEW] Emergence 1 (2):179-182.score: 48.0
    (1999). Reviews: Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World, Kevin Kelly. Emergence: Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 179-182.
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  13. Carsten Herrmann-Pillath (2013). Performativity of Economic Systems: Approach and Implications for Taxonomy. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2):139-163.score: 48.0
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  14. Rod Cross (1993). On the Foundations of Hysteresis in Economic Systems. Economics and Philosophy 9 (01):53-.score: 46.0
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  15. J. K. Alexander (2006). Economic Instability and the Unfortunate, and Unavoidable, Consequences of Acting Ethically. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2-3):147 - 155.score: 46.0
    In this paper I describe and analyze an economic situation involving two competitive organizations. I put forth the argument that because of the systemic nature of decision making relative to managing the requirements of utilizing a descriptive equation that determines how many people an economic system can support, that even if all the players in the situation act ethically, the results will still be harmful, and necessarily so, to the system and to many innocent people. I will demonstrate (...)
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  16. Robert Costanza (1991). Assuring Sustainability of Ecological Economic Systems. In , Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press. 331--343.score: 46.0
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  17. Barry Clark & Herbert Gintis (1978). Rawlsian Justice and Economic Systems. Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (4):302-325.score: 45.0
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  18. Barkley Rosser, Complex Dynamics in Ecologic-Economic Systems.score: 45.0
    “A Public Domain, once a velvet carpet of rich buffalo-grass and grama, now an illimitable waste of rattlesnake-bush and tumbleweed, too impoverished to be accepted as a gift by the states within which it lies. Why? Because the ecology of the Southwest happened to be set on a hair trigger.”.
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  19. Jahangir Amuzegar (forthcoming). Economic Systems in Search of Nations. Social Research.score: 45.0
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  20. R. Axtmann (1999). Economic Systems and State Finance. By Richard Bonney. The European Legacy 4:108-108.score: 45.0
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  21. Christopher P. Ball (2002). The Intertwinement of Legal and Economic Systems in Transition. Rechtstheorie 33 (2-4):299-317.score: 45.0
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  22. Robert Costanza, Lisa Wainger, Carl Folke & Karl-Göran Mäler (forthcoming). Modeling Complex Ecological Economic Systems. Bioscience.score: 45.0
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  23. R. Costana & H. E. Daly (1992). Modeling Complex Ecological Economic Systems: Toward an Evolutionary, Dynamic Understanding of Humans and Nature. Bioscience 10:x - x.score: 45.0
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  24. Bernard W. Dempsey (1943). Comparative Economic Systems. Thought 18 (4):759-760.score: 45.0
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  25. Frank H. Knight (1940). Book Review:Contemporary Economic Systems--Their Analysis and Historical Background. Earle R. Sikes. [REVIEW] Ethics 51 (1):115-.score: 45.0
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  26. Mircea Gligor (2001). Noise Induced Transitions in Some Socio‐Economic Systems. Complexity 6 (4):28-32.score: 45.0
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  27. Eduard Heimann (forthcoming). Recent Literature on Economic Systems. Social Research.score: 45.0
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  28. Vladimir D. Kazakévich (1941). Contrasting Two Economic Systems. Science and Society 5 (1):43 - 60.score: 45.0
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  29. Tibor R. Machan (1988). The Moral Foundations of Political-Economic Systems. In , Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield. 213.score: 45.0
     
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  30. David E. Martin (forthcoming). An Inquiry Into Human Nature and the Cost of the Wealth of Nations. AI and Society:1-6.score: 45.0
    Current economic ontology development has failed to confront two important errors associated with historicism. Embracing the linearity of economic value being directly attributed to the labor applied to natural resources taken together with efficiency arguments used to justify monetary policy on both the microlevel (transaction) and macrolevel (global trade), we know these legacies of the scientific method applied to economic systems have left the G-20 paralyzed to deal with structural failings evidenced from banking to business to (...)
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  31. Mika Pantzar (1992). Toward an Evolutionary View of Socio-Economic Systems. World Futures 34 (1):83-103.score: 45.0
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  32. Debasis Patnaik (forthcoming). Theorizing Change in Artificial Intelligence: Inductivising Philosophy From Economic Cognition Processes. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-9.score: 45.0
    Economic value additions to knowledge and demand provide practical, embedded and extensible meaning to philosophizing cognitive systems. Evaluation of a cognitive system is an empirical matter. Thinking of science in terms of distributed cognition (interactionism) enlarges the domain of cognition. Anything that actually contributes to the specific quality of output of a cognitive system is part of the system in time and/or space. Cognitive science studies behaviour and knowledge structures of experts and categorized structures based on underlying structures. (...)
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  33. Christian Raffensperger (2012). Jiří Macháček, The Rise of Medieval Towns and States in East Central Europe: Early Medieval Centres as Social and Economic Systems. (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450–1450, 10.) Trans. Miloš Bartǒn. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2010. Pp. Xxii, 562; 139 Figs. $246. ISBN: 9789004182080. [REVIEW] Speculum 87 (2):581-582.score: 45.0
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  34. J. Barkley Rosser, Dynamic Discontinuities in Ecologic-Economic Systems.score: 45.0
    “A Public Domain, once a velvet carpet of rich buffalo-grass and grama, now an illimitable waste of rattlesnake-bush and tumbleweed, too impoverished to be accepted as a gift by the states within which it lies. Why? Because the ecology of the Southwest happened to be set on a hair trigger.”.
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  35. John T. Ryan Jr (2011). Business and Economic Ethics. Tire Ethics of Economic Systems. The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 17 (3):11-11.score: 45.0
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  36. R. Samuels (2002). A Boltho, A. Vercelli E H. Yoshikawa (a Cura di), "Comparing Economic Systems: Italy and Japan". Polis 16 (3):468-469.score: 45.0
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  37. Christian Fuchs & John Collier (2007). A Dynamic Systems View of Economic and Political Theory. Theoria 54 (113):23-52.score: 42.0
    Economic logic impinges on contemporary political theory through both economic reductionism and economic methodology applied to political decision-making (through game theory). The authors argue that the sort of models used are based on mechanistic and linear methodologies that have now been found wanting in physics. They further argue that complexity based self-organization methods are better suited to model the complexities of economy and polity and their interactions with the overall social system.
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  38. John McMurtry (2012). Behind Global System Collapse: The Life-Blind Structure of Economic Rationality. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):49-60.score: 36.0
    This study examines the system-deciding principle of economic rationality for its logical soundness and effects in global practice. Analysis demonstrates the fallacious structure of the underlying assumptions of homo economicus across theories and institutions, and explains how cumulative destruction of global economic, social, and ecological life systems follows from its life-blind mechanism. Higher-order concepts of life-capital, life-value efficiency, and life-good supply and demand are then defined to bring economic rationality into coherence with terrestrial and human life (...)
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  39. M. Joseph Sirgy, Grace B. Yu, Dong-Jin Lee, Shuqin Wei & Ming-Wei Huang (2012). Does Marketing Activity Contribute to a Society's Well-Being? The Role of Economic Efficiency. Journal of Business Ethics 107 (2):91-102.score: 36.0
    Does the level of marketing activity in a country contribute to societal well-being or quality of life? Does economic efficiency also play a positive role in societal well-being? Does economic efficiency also moderate or mediate the marketing activity effect on societal well-being? Marketing activity refers to the pervasiveness of promotion expenditures and number of retail outlets per capita in a country. Economic efficiency refers to the extent to which the economy is unhampered by corruption, burdensome government regulation, (...)
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  40. Ernst W. Händler (1980). The Role of Utility and of Statistical Concepts in Empirical Economic Theories: The Empirical Claims of the Systems of Aggregate Market Supply and Demand Functions Approach. Erkenntnis 15 (2):129 - 157.score: 36.0
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  41. Emily Apter (2010). Speculation and Economic Xenophobia as Literary World Systems: The Nineteenth-Century Business Novel. In Christie McDonald & Susan Rubin Suleiman (eds.), French Global: A New Approach to Literary History. Columbia University Press.score: 36.0
     
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  42. P. Bailey (1995). Understanding Large River-Floodplain Ecosystems: Significant Economic Advantages and Increased Biodiversity and Stability Would Result From Restoration of Impaired Systems. Bioscience 45:153-158.score: 36.0
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  43. Norman F. Byers & Hans Neisser (forthcoming). Economic, Logical, and Mathematical Systems [with Comment]. Social Research.score: 36.0
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  44. Axel Czaya & Wilfried Hesser (2001). Standardization Systems as Indicators of Mental, Cultural and Socio-Economic States. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 14 (3):24-40.score: 36.0
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  45. Robert K. Logan (1999). The Social, Economic, and Educational Impacts of Notational Systems. Semiotica 125 (1-3):15-20.score: 36.0
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  46. Richard Margrave (2010). Global Economics for Growth and Survival: The Need for Fundamental Shifts in Economic, Social and Political Systems. Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy 1 (1):T47 - T54.score: 36.0
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  47. M. Mejstrik (1986). The Economic Contexts of the Introduction of Microelectronics and New Forms of Automation and Robotization and Elastic Production Systems. Filosoficky Casopis 34 (3):391-406.score: 36.0
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  48. David Pimentel, Paul Hepperly, James Hanson, David Douds & Rita Seidel (2005). Environmental, Energetic, and Economic Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems. Bioscience 55 (7):573-582.score: 36.0
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  49. Veit Pittioni (1989). The Kognos Principle. On the Dynamics of Self-Organizing Economic and Social Systems. Philosophy and History 22 (1):13-13.score: 36.0
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  50. G. W. Stevenson (1998). Agrifood Systems for Competent, Ordinary People. Presidential Address: Joint Meetings of the Agricultural, Food and Human Values Society and the Association for the Study of Food and Society, Madison, Wisconsin, June 5–8, 1997. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 15 (3):199-207.score: 36.0
    Focusing on the notion of competencies, the address explores important dimensions of human infrastructure for negotiating alternative agrifood systems. The analytical competencies emphasized are those of making connections and evaluating contradictions. Farm structure and food system connections with human health and consumer culture are chosen as examples. Examined in the context of social change strategies, relational competencies focus on new forms of food citizenship involving alternative organizational relationships between farmers, retailers, and customers. Ethical competencies are framed in relationship to (...)
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