Search results for 'economic systems' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  1
    Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers (forthcoming). Model Templates Within and Between Disciplines: From Magnets to Gases – and Socio-Economic Systems. European Journal for Philosophy of Science:1-24.
    One striking feature of the contemporary modelling practice is its interdisciplinary nature. The same equation forms, and mathematical and computational methods, are used across different disciplines, as well as within the same discipline. Are there, then, differences between intra- and interdisciplinary transfer, and can the comparison between the two provide more insight on the challenges of interdisciplinary theoretical work? We will study the development and various uses of the Ising model within physics, contrasting them to its applications to socio-economic (...)
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  2.  4
    Carsten Herrmann-Pillath (2013). Performativity of Economic Systems: Approach and Implications for Taxonomy. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2):139-163.
    The paper proposes to ground the taxonomy of economic systems on the identification of strongly performative institutions as distinctive features. I analyse performativity on the basis of the Aoki model of institutions, enriched by current approaches to performativity, which I combine with Searle's notion of a status function. Performativity is conceived as resulting from the conjunction of public representations (sign systems) and behavioural dispositions which channel strategic interactions among actors such that certain sets of institutions are reproduced (...)
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  3.  7
    Rod Cross (1995). Metaphors and Time Reversibility and Irreversibility in Economic Systems. Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (1):123-134.
    This paper deals with the way metaphors carried over from physical or biological systems condition the analysis of economic systems. The metaphors drawn from Newtonian mechanics, or from conservative fields of force, by neoclassical economists are discussed. Alternative metaphors which involve non-homeostasis and time irreversible processes are then outlined. Particular attention is paid to thermodynamics, evolutionary biology, and non-conservative or hysteretic force fields as sources of such metaphors. It is argued that these metaphors provide illumination to aspects (...)
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  4.  91
    Sergiy Melnyk, ALGEBRA OF FUNDAMENTAL MEASUREMENTS AS A BASIS OF DYNAMICS OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS. arXiv.
    We propose an axiomatic approach to constructing the dynamics of systems, in which one the main elements 9e8 is the consciousness of a subject. The main axiom is the statements that the state of consciousness is completely determined by the results of measurements performed on it. In case of economic systems we propose to consider an offer of transaction as a fundamental measurement. Transactions with delayed choice, discussed in this paper, represent a logical generalization of incomplete transactions (...)
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  5.  4
    YanYan Zhou, Rony Berger, Ting-Ting Shiue, Philip Zimbardo, James Doty, Tim Rossomando, Yotam Heineberg, Emma Seppala & Daniel Martin (2015). Multiple Facets of Compassion: The Impact of Social Dominance Orientation and Economic Systems Justification. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (1):237-249.
    Business students appear predisposed to select disciplines consistent with pre-existing worldviews. These disciplines then further reinforce the worldviews which may not always be adaptive. For example, high levels of Social Dominance Orientation is a trait often found in business school students :691–721, 1991). SDO is a competitive and hierarchical worldview and belief-system that ascribes people to higher or lower social rankings. While research suggests that high levels of SDO may be linked to lower levels of empathy, research has not established (...)
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  6.  15
    J. Barkley Rosser, Special Problems of Forests as Ecologic-Economic Systems.
    Ecologic-economic systems tend to exhibit greater complexity than systems that are purely ecological or economic. The interactions between the two types often generates nonlinear relations that lead to various kinds of complex dynamics that complicate management and decisionmaking regarding them. Of these, forests have characteristics that lead them to have special problems not usually encountered in the management of such systems. A central one is the long time periods involved managing forests compared to most other (...)
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  7.  14
    Mae-Wan Ho (1998). On the Nature of Sustainable Economic Systems. World Futures 51 (3):199-221.
    A sustainable system has all the essential characteristics of an organism?an irreducible whole that develops, maintains and reproduces, or renews, itself by mobilizing material and energy captured from the environment. What is the nature of the material and energy mobilization that makes an organism? I begin with a brief description of a tentative theory of the organism?developed in detail elsewhere (Ho, 1993; 1994a; 1995a,b; 1996b,c)?as a dynamically and energetically closed domain of cyclic non?dissipative processes coupled to irreversible dissipative processes, which (...)
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  8.  8
    Mika Pantzar (1993). Editorial Introduction to Special Issue on Evolution of Socio-Economic Systems. World Futures 37 (2):1-3.
    (1993). Editorial introduction to special issue on evolution of socio‐economic systems. World Futures: Vol. 37, The Evolution of Socio-Economic Systems, pp. 1-3.
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  9.  32
    Rod Cross (1993). On the Foundations of Hysteresis in Economic Systems. Economics and Philosophy 9 (1):53.
    Hysteresis means literally “that which comes later,” being derived from the Greek verb ύστερέω. Thus, hysteresis effects, generally defined, are those that persist after the initial causes giving rise to the effects are removed. During the course of the 1980s, it became increasingly fashionable to invoke hysteresis effects to explain economic phenomena. Two of the main areas of application were to unemployment and international trade. In the case of unemployment, distinctive features of labor markets, such as social norms that (...)
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  10.  26
    Marcel J. Boumans, Measurement in Economic Systems.
    The metrology literature neglects a strong empirical measurement tradition in economics, which is different from the traditions as accounted for by the formalist representational theory of measurement. This empirical tradition comes closest to Mari's characterization of measurement in which he describes measurement results as informationally adequate to given goals. In economics, one has to deal with soft systems, which induces problems of invariance and of self-awareness. It will be shown that in the empirical economic measurement tradition both problems (...)
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  11. Sergiy Melnyk & Igor Tuluzov (2014). Manifestation of Quantum Mechanical Properties of a Proprietor’s Consciousness in Slit Measurements of Economic Systems. Neuroquantology 12 (3).
    The present paper discusses the problem of quantum-mechanical properties of a subject’s consciousness. The model of generalized economic measurements is used for the analysis. Two types of such measurements are analyzed – transactions and technologies. Algebraic ratios between the technology-type measurements allow making their analogy with slit experiments in physics. It has been shown that the description of results of such measurements is possible both in classical and in quantum formalism of calculation of probabilities. Thus, the quantum-mechanical formalism of (...)
     
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  12.  50
    Arthur Rich (2006). Business and Economic Ethics: The Ethics of Economic Systems. Peeters.
    This book is a fundamental and unique masterpiece which reflects the discussions on business and economic ethics over decades in German-speaking countries, and ...
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  13.  7
    Alan Kirman (2014). Rethinking Rational Expectations in Complex Economic Systems: Cars Hommes' Resurrection of Poincaré's View. Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (3):313-316.
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  14.  17
    Lawrence A. Berger (1996). Mutual Understanding, The State of Attention, and the Ground for Interaction in Economic Systems. Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (1):1-25.
    Neoclassical economic theory assurnes that people pursue utility maximization within an obiective framework, evident to all, that serves as the basis for the interaction. Agents are assumed to be detached observers who see the situation as it is in obiective reality. It is argued in this article that there is no obiective ground for interaction that exists apart from the understanding of economic agents. Agents have orientations that change over time depending on the way that the situation is (...)
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  15.  9
    Nobuyuki Chikudate (2002). Collective Myopia and Defective Higher Educations Behind the Scenes of Ethically Bankrupted Economic Systems: A Reflexive Note From a Japanese University and Taking a Step Toward Transcultural Dialogues. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 38 (3):205 - 225.
    This study focused on the indirect influences of defective higher education, especially management education, on the corruption of Japanese business communities since 1997. Most arrested or penalized Japanese executives and bureaucrats since 1997 were the alumni of prestigious Japanese universities. Their levels of academic achievements are, consequently, conceived to be the highest of Japanese standards. They were, however, found guilty. Why did these highly intelligent Japanese adults make such fatal mistakes? In this article, the author argued that the event of (...)
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  16. Barry Clark & Herbert Gintis (1978). Rawlsian Justice and Economic Systems. Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (4):302-325.
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  17.  6
    Mika Pantzar (1992). Toward an Evolutionary View of Socio-Economic Systems. World Futures 34 (1):83-103.
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  18.  11
    Bernard W. Dempsey (1943). Comparative Economic Systems. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):759-760.
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  19.  3
    John T. Ryan Jr (2011). Business and Economic Ethics. Tire Ethics of Economic Systems. The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 17 (3):11-11.
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  20.  2
    J. Barkley Rosser, Dynamic Discontinuities in Ecologic-Economic Systems.
    “A Public Domain, once a velvet carpet of rich buffalo-grass and grama, now an illimitable waste of rattlesnake-bush and tumbleweed, too impoverished to be accepted as a gift by the states within which it lies. Why? Because the ecology of the Southwest happened to be set on a hair trigger.”.
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  21.  4
    Mircea Gligor (2001). Noise Induced Transitions in Some Socio‐Economic Systems. Complexity 6 (4):28-32.
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  22.  10
    Barkley Rosser, Complex Dynamics in Ecologic-Economic Systems.
    “A Public Domain, once a velvet carpet of rich buffalo-grass and grama, now an illimitable waste of rattlesnake-bush and tumbleweed, too impoverished to be accepted as a gift by the states within which it lies. Why? Because the ecology of the Southwest happened to be set on a hair trigger.”.
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  23.  1
    Christian Raffensperger (2012). Jiří Macháček, The Rise of Medieval Towns and States in East Central Europe: Early Medieval Centres as Social and Economic Systems. (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450–1450, 10.) Trans. Miloš Bartǒn. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2010. Pp. Xxii, 562; 139 Figs. $246. ISBN: 9789004182080. [REVIEW] Speculum 87 (2):581-582.
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  24.  1
    R. Samuels (2002). A Boltho, A. Vercelli E H. Yoshikawa (a Cura di), "Comparing Economic Systems: Italy and Japan". Polis 16 (3):468-469.
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  25.  1
    Frank H. Knight (1940). Book Review:Contemporary Economic Systems--Their Analysis and Historical Background. Earle R. Sikes. [REVIEW] Ethics 51 (1):115-.
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  26. Jahangir Amuzegar (forthcoming). Economic Systems in Search of Nations. Social Research.
     
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  27. R. Axtmann (1999). Economic Systems and State Finance. By Richard Bonney. The European Legacy 4:108-108.
     
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  28. Christopher P. Ball (2002). The Intertwinement of Legal and Economic Systems in Transition. Rechtstheorie 33 (2-4):299-317.
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  29. Robert Costanza (1991). Assuring Sustainability of Ecological Economic Systems. In Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press 331--343.
     
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  30. Eduard Heimann (forthcoming). Recent Literature on Economic Systems. Social Research.
     
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  31. Tibor R. Machan (1988). The Moral Foundations of Political-Economic Systems. In Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield 213.
     
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  32. Arnold Tustin (1957). The Mechanism of Economic Systems. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (30):161-164.
     
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  33.  5
    Jan Rivkin (1999). Reviews: Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World, Kevin Kelly. [REVIEW] Emergence: Complexity and Organization 1 (2):179-182.
    (1999). Reviews: Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World, Kevin Kelly. Emergence: Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 179-182.
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  34.  7
    Michel Quéré (1994). Economic Cohesion and Innovation Systems in Europe. AI and Society 8 (2):131-141.
    This paper leads to apply some recent developments in the economic literature dealing with the concept of innovation systems to the problem of economic cohesion in Europe. Starting from a definition of innovation systems, it allows to consider firms and sets of intstitutions as two main but different types of innovation systems. This distinction is the source of a discussion about the nature of the coordination problems which appear when considering the European diversity of innovation (...)
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  35.  1
    D. Wade Hands (2016). Derivational Robustness, Credible Substitute Systems and Mathematical Economic Models: The Case of Stability Analysis in Walrasian General Equilibrium Theory. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (1):31-53.
    This paper supports the literature which argues that derivational robustness can have epistemic import in highly idealized economic models. The defense is based on a particular example from mathematical economic theory, the dynamic Walrasian general equilibrium model. It is argued that derivational robustness first increased and later decreased the credibility of the Walrasian model. The example demonstrates that derivational robustness correctly describes the practices of a particular group of influential economic theorists and provides support for the arguments (...)
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  36. Christian Fuchs & John Collier (2007). A Dynamic Systems View of Economic and Political Theory. Theoria 54 (113):23-52.
    Economic logic impinges on contemporary political theory through both economic reductionism and economic methodology applied to political decision-making (through game theory). The authors argue that the sort of models used are based on mechanistic and linear methodologies that have now been found wanting in physics. They further argue that complexity based self-organization methods are better suited to model the complexities of economy and polity and their interactions with the overall social system.
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  37.  2
    Ernst W. Händler (1980). The Role of Utility and of Statistical Concepts in Empirical Economic Theories: The Empirical Claims of the Systems of Aggregate Market Supply and Demand Functions Approach. Erkenntnis 15 (2):129 - 157.
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  38.  6
    Veit Pittioni (1989). The Kognos Principle. On the Dynamics of Self-Organizing Economic and Social Systems. Philosophy and History 22 (1):13-13.
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  39.  5
    Richard Margrave (2010). Global Economics for Growth and Survival: The Need for Fundamental Shifts in Economic, Social and Political Systems. Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy 1 (1):T47 - T54.
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  40. Ronald E. West & Frank Kreith (eds.) (1988). Economic Analysis of Solar Thermal Energy Systems. The MIT Press.
  41.  1
    Axel Czaya & Wilfried Hesser (2001). Standardization Systems as Indicators of Mental, Cultural and Socio-Economic States. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 14 (3):24-40.
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  42.  1
    Robert K. Logan (1999). The Social, Economic, and Educational Impacts of Notational Systems. Semiotica 125 (1-3):15-20.
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  43. Emily Apter (2010). Speculation and Economic Xenophobia as Literary World Systems: The Nineteenth-Century Business Novel. In Christie McDonald & Susan Rubin Suleiman (eds.), French Global: A New Approach to Literary History. Columbia University Press
     
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  44. Norman F. Byers & Hans Neisser (forthcoming). Economic, Logical, and Mathematical Systems [with Comment]. Social Research.
     
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  45. M. Mejstrik (1986). The Economic Contexts of the Introduction of Microelectronics and New Forms of Automation and Robotization and Elastic Production Systems. Filosoficky Casopis 34 (3):391-406.
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  46.  8
    Charles Sayward (1989). Is Any Economic System Unjust? Southwest Philosophy Review 5 (2):17-23.
    The morality of an economic system characterized as an Adam Smith type system is compared with one characterized by central planning. A prima facie case is made that, while the latter has attributes that satisfy a necessary condition for having moral attributes, the former does not and, as a result, has no moral attributes. But then a deeper look at the situation reveals that the directed systems really do not satisfy the necessary condition either. Both the directed and (...)
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  47.  6
    Debasis Patnaik (2015). Theorizing Change in Artificial Intelligence: Inductivising Philosophy From Economic Cognition Processes. [REVIEW] AI and Society 30 (2):173-181.
    Economic value additions to knowledge and demand provide practical, embedded and extensible meaning to philosophizing cognitive systems. Evaluation of a cognitive system is an empirical matter. Thinking of science in terms of distributed cognition (interactionism) enlarges the domain of cognition. Anything that actually contributes to the specific quality of output of a cognitive system is part of the system in time and/or space. Cognitive science studies behaviour and knowledge structures of experts and categorized structures based on underlying structures. (...)
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  48.  11
    J. K. Alexander (2006). Economic Instability and the Unfortunate, and Unavoidable, Consequences of Acting Ethically. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2-3):147 - 155.
    In this paper I describe and analyze an economic situation involving two competitive organizations. I put forth the argument that because of the systemic nature of decision making relative to managing the requirements of utilizing a descriptive equation that determines how many people an economic system can support, that even if all the players in the situation act ethically, the results will still be harmful, and necessarily so, to the system and to many innocent people. I will demonstrate (...)
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  49.  7
    David E. Martin (2014). An Inquiry Into Human Nature and the Cost of the Wealth of Nations. AI and Society 29 (2):143-148.
    Current economic ontology development has failed to confront two important errors associated with historicism. Embracing the linearity of economic value being directly attributed to the labor applied to natural resources taken together with efficiency arguments used to justify monetary policy on both the microlevel (transaction) and macrolevel (global trade), we know these legacies of the scientific method applied to economic systems have left the G-20 paralyzed to deal with structural failings evidenced from banking to business to (...)
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  50.  4
    G. W. Stevenson (1998). Agrifood Systems for Competent, Ordinary People. Presidential Address: Joint Meetings of the Agricultural, Food and Human Values Society and the Association for the Study of Food and Society, Madison, Wisconsin, June 5–8, 1997. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 15 (3):199-207.
    Focusing on the notion of competencies, the address explores important dimensions of human infrastructure for negotiating alternative agrifood systems. The analytical competencies emphasized are those of making connections and evaluating contradictions. Farm structure and food system connections with human health and consumer culture are chosen as examples. Examined in the context of social change strategies, relational competencies focus on new forms of food citizenship involving alternative organizational relationships between farmers, retailers, and customers. Ethical competencies are framed in relationship to (...)
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