Search results for 'effective procedure' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Carol E. Cleland (2002). On Effective Procedures. Minds and Machines 12 (2):159-179.score: 66.0
    Since the mid-twentieth century, the concept of the Turing machine has dominated thought about effective procedures. This paper presents an alternative to Turing's analysis; it unifies, refines, and extends my earlier work on this topic. I show that Turing machines cannot live up to their billing as paragons of effective procedure; at best, they may be said to provide us with mere procedure schemas. I argue that the concept of an effective procedure crucially depends (...)
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  2. Jeremy Seligman (2002). The Scope of Turing's Analysis of Effective Procedures. Minds and Machines 12 (2):203-220.score: 63.0
    Turing's (1936) analysis of effective symbolic procedures is a model of conceptual clarity that plays an essential role in the philosophy of mathematics. Yet appeal is often made to the effectiveness of human procedures in other areas of philosophy. This paper addresses the question of whether Turing's analysis can be applied to a broader class of effective human procedures. We use Sieg's (1994) presentation of Turing's Thesis to argue against Cleland's (1995) objections to Turing machines and we evaluate (...)
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  3. Tim Button (2009). Hyperloops Do Not Threaten the Notion of an Effective Procedure. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5635:68-78.score: 60.0
    This paper develops my (BJPS 2009) criticisms of the philosophical significance of a certain sort of infinitary computational process, a hyperloop. I start by considering whether hyperloops suggest that "effectively computable" is vague (in some sense). I then consider and criticise two arguments by Hogarth, who maintains that hyperloops undermine the very idea of effective computability. I conclude that hyperloops, on their own, cannot threaten the notion of an effective procedure.
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  4. Pavel Materna (2009). Concepts and Recipes. Acta Analytica 24 (1):69-90.score: 45.0
    If concepts are explicated as abstract procedures, then we can easily show that each empirical concept is a not an effective procedure. Some, but not all empirical concepts are shown to be of a special kind: they cannot in principle guarantee that the object they identify satisfies the intended conditions.
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  5. Henna Kosonen & Matti Tolvanen (2010). Balancing Between Effective Realisation of Criminal Liability and Effective Defence Rights: The Tasks and the Roles of Prosecutor and Defence Lawyer in Finnish Criminal Procedure. Jurisprudence 120 (2):233-256.score: 45.0
    Prior to the extensive reform of the Finnish criminal procedure in 1997, the roles of the prosecutor and the defence attorney were passive compared to the role of the judge. The main task of the prosecutor was to read the written indictment and to help the judge to find the truth. The judge could procure evidence ex officio, although it may have been detrimental to the suspect. The roles of the judge, the attorneys and the prosecutor changed dramatically when (...)
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  6. Abraham Robinson (1988). Abraham Robinson's Notes: On a Relatively Effective Procedure Getting All Quasi-Integer Solutions of Diophantine Equations with Positive Genus. Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 7 (3):111-115.score: 45.0
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  7. Silvia Cervo, Jane Rovina, Renato Talamini, Tiziana Perin, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Paolo De Paoli & Agostino Steffan (2013). An Effective Multisource Informed Consent Procedure for Research and Clinical Practice: An Observational Study of Patient Understanding and Awareness of Their Roles as Research Stakeholders in a Cancer Biobank. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):30.score: 42.0
    Efforts to improve patients’ understanding of their own medical treatments or research in which they are involved are progressing, especially with regard to informed consent procedures. We aimed to design a multisource informed consent procedure that is easily adaptable to both clinical and research applications, and to evaluate its effectiveness in terms of understanding and awareness, even in less educated patients.
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  8. B. Jack Copeland (2002). Accelerating Turing Machines. Minds and Machines 12 (2):281-300.score: 37.0
    Accelerating Turing machines are Turing machines of a sort able to perform tasks that are commonly regarded as impossible for Turing machines. For example, they can determine whether or not the decimal representation of contains n consecutive 7s, for any n; solve the Turing-machine halting problem; and decide the predicate calculus. Are accelerating Turing machines, then, logically impossible devices? I argue that they are not. There are implications concerning the nature of effective procedures and the theoretical limits of computability. (...)
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  9. Carol E. Cleland (1995). Effective Procedures and Computable Functions. Minds and Machines 5 (1):9-23.score: 36.0
    Horsten and Roelants have raised a number of important questions about my analysis of effective procedures and my evaluation of the Church-Turing thesis. They suggest that, on my account, effective procedures cannot enter the mathematical world because they have a built-in component of causality, and, hence, that my arguments against the Church-Turing thesis miss the mark. Unfortunately, however, their reasoning is based upon a number of misunderstandings. Effective mundane procedures do not, on my view, provide an analysis (...)
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  10. H. C. M. de Swart (1980). Gentzen-Type Systems for C, K and Several Extensions of C and K; Constructive Completeness Proofs and Effective Decision Procedure for These Systems. Logique Et Analyse 90 (91):263-284.score: 36.0
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  11. James R. Misanin, Lyle D. Chubb, Sharon A. Quinn & G. Edward Schweikert (1974). An Apparatus and Procedure for Effective Instrumental Training of Neonatal and Infant Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (3):171-173.score: 36.0
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  12. Gualtiero Piccinini (2003). Alan Turing and the Mathematical Objection. Minds and Machines 13 (1):23-48.score: 30.0
    This paper concerns Alan Turing’s ideas about machines, mathematical methods of proof, and intelligence. By the late 1930s, Kurt Gödel and other logicians, including Turing himself, had shown that no finite set of rules could be used to generate all true mathematical statements. Yet according to Turing, there was no upper bound to the number of mathematical truths provable by intelligent human beings, for they could invent new rules and methods of proof. So, the output of a human mathematician, for (...)
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  13. Benjamin Wells (2002). Is There a Nonrecursive Decidable Equational Theory? Minds and Machines 12 (2):301-324.score: 30.0
    The Church-Turing Thesis (CTT) is often paraphrased as ``every computable function is computable by means of a Turing machine.'' The author has constructed a family of equational theories that are not Turing-decidable, that is, given one of the theories, no Turing machine can recognize whether an arbitrary equation is in the theory or not. But the theory is called pseudorecursive because it has the additional property that when attention is limited to equations with a bounded number of variables, one obtains, (...)
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  14. Richard Colker & Jerome L. Myers (1971). Effects of Sequential Structure Upon Binary Prediction Under an All-Correct Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):416.score: 30.0
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  15. Tom N. Tombaugh (1967). The Overtraining Extinction Effect with a Discrete-Trial Bar-Press Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):632.score: 30.0
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  16. Selmer Bringsjord & Michael Zenzen (2002). Toward a Formal Philosophy of Hypercomputation. Minds and Machines 12 (2):241-258.score: 29.0
    Does what guides a pastry chef stand on par, from the standpoint of contemporary computer science, with what guides a supercomputer? Did Betty Crocker, when telling us how to bake a cake, provide an effective procedure, in the sense of `effective' used in computer science? According to Cleland, the answer in both cases is ``Yes''. One consequence of Cleland's affirmative answer is supposed to be that hypercomputation is, to use her phrase, ``theoretically viable''. Unfortunately, though we applaud (...)
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  17. Andrew Ashworth & Lucia Zedner (2008). Defending the Criminal Law: Reflections on the Changing Character of Crime, Procedure, and Sanctions. Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (1):21-51.score: 27.0
    Recent years have seen mounting challenge to the model of the criminal trial on the grounds it is not cost-effective, not preventive, not necessary, not appropriate, or not effective. These challenges have led to changes in the scope of the criminal law, in criminal procedure, and in the nature and use of criminal trials. These changes include greater use of diversion, of fixed penalties, of summary trials, of hybrid civil–criminal processes, of strict liability, of incentives to plead (...)
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  18. Vytautas Nekrošius (2012). Protection of Public Interest in Civil Procedure and the Doctrine of the Constitutional Court. Jurisprudence 19 (3):1101-1110.score: 27.0
    On 21 June 2011 the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania adopted extensive and important amendments of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania. Most of them came into force on 1 October 2011.One of the important tasks that have been mentioned for the preparation of amendments was to ensure the implementation of the Constitutional Court’s doctrine of matters of civil procedure. This article analyses one of the changed aspect - the system of defence of (...)
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  19. Virgilijus Valančius & Aurimas Brazdeikis (2011). Different Approach to Losses Caused by the Abuse of Civil Procedure. Jurisprudence 18 (4):1467-1484.score: 27.0
    Recent major amendments of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania have added new and improved older procedural instruments that may be used for reimbursement of losses inflicted by the abuse of process. The law now clearly states that the court may take into account improper conduct of the participants when deciding on distribution of litigation costs. A fine in favour of the party aggrieved by the abuse may also be imposed. Therefore, in this article the (...)
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  20. Leon Horsten (1995). The Church-Turing Thesis and Effective Mundane Procedures. Minds and Machines 5 (1):1-8.score: 25.0
    We critically discuss Cleland''s analysis of effective procedures as mundane effective procedures. She argues that Turing machines cannot carry out mundane procedures, since Turing machines are abstract entities and therefore cannot generate the causal processes that are generated by mundane procedures. We argue that if Turing machines cannot enter the physical world, then it is hard to see how Cleland''s mundane procedures can enter the world of numbers. Hence her arguments against versions of the Church-Turing thesis for number (...)
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  21. John J. Porter & James J. Hug (1965). Effects of Number and Percentage of Rewarded Trials on the Acquisition and Extinction of Lever Pressing Using a Discrete-Trial Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (6):575.score: 24.0
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  22. Donald P. Scharlock (1954). The Effects of a Pre-Extinction Procedure on the Extinction of Place and Response Performance in a T-Maze. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (1):31.score: 24.0
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  23. John E. Taplin (1971). Effect of Initial Instance on Attribute Identification of Concepts Using a Selection Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (2):177.score: 24.0
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  24. Carol E. Cleland (1993). Is the Church-Turing Thesis True? Minds and Machines 3 (3):283-312.score: 21.0
    The Church-Turing thesis makes a bold claim about the theoretical limits to computation. It is based upon independent analyses of the general notion of an effective procedure proposed by Alan Turing and Alonzo Church in the 1930''s. As originally construed, the thesis applied only to the number theoretic functions; it amounted to the claim that there were no number theoretic functions which couldn''t be computed by a Turing machine but could be computed by means of some other kind (...)
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  25. Dieter Spreen (2010). Effectivity and Effective Continuity of Multifunctions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (2):602-640.score: 21.0
    If one wants to compute with infinite objects like real numbers or data streams, continuity is a necessary requirement: better and better (finite) approximations of the input are transformed into better and better (finite) approximations of the output. In case the objects are constructively generated, they can be represented by a finite description of the generating procedure. By effectively transforming such descriptions for the generation of the input (respectively, their codes) into (the code of) a description for the generation (...)
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  26. Carol Cleland (forthcoming). Effective Procedures and Causal Processes. Minds and Machines.score: 21.0
  27. Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet, Marion Fortin & Miguel-Angel Canela (2013). Righting the Wrong for Third Parties: How Monetary Compensation, Procedure Changes and Apologies Can Restore Justice for Observers of Injustice. Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.score: 21.0
    People react negatively not only to injustices they personally endure but also to injustices that they observe as bystanders at work—and typically, people observe more injustices than they personally experience. It is therefore important to understand how organizations can restore observers’ perceptions of justice after an injustice has occurred. In our paper, we employ a policy capturing design to test and compare the restorative power of monetary compensation, procedure changes and apologies, alone and in combination, from the perspective of (...)
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  28. Laura Gumuliauskienė & Vigintas Višinskis (2012). Procedural Actions Taken by Bailiffs Electronically: Opportunities and Problems. Jurisprudence 19 (2):507-524.score: 21.0
    The Article presents a study of opportunities and problems related to the procedural actions taken by bailiffs electronically. In the opinion of the authors, the digitalisation of the enforcement procedure seeks to ensure the maximum use of electronic documents: enforcement and procedural documents should function only in the electronic format and thereby should create an effective, transparent and easily accessible information system of electronic enforcement files, which will not only increase the effectiveness of performance of bailiffs and save (...)
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  29. John M. Hollerbach (1981). Effective Procedures Versus Elementary Units of Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):625.score: 21.0
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  30. Raimundas Jurka (2010). New Insights Into the Procedure Within a Reasonable Time as a Legal Principle. Jurisprudence 119 (1):297-316.score: 21.0
    The article deals with a discussion of the concept and implementation of the procedure within a reasonable time as a legal principle. The main purpose of the article is to reveal the content and functioning of this principle. The author presents new insights into this principle. From time to time this legal ground evolves into new forms or the criteria, on which it depends, changes; therefore, such issues have to be taken as the basis for evaluating this principle. The (...)
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  31. Raimundas Jurka & Ernestas Rimšelis (2012). Optimisation of Criminal Procedure: Preconditions and Possibilities for Written Procedure. Jurisprudence 19 (2):753-769.score: 21.0
    Endeavours of politicians, representatives of law enforcement institutions and courts to create simplified, accelerated and less human and time resources requiring legal procedures in criminal cases prompted the authors of this article to assess the possibilities to develop the written form of procedure in Lithuania. The goal of the authors of this article is to assess the origin and goals of the written form of procedure, as well as to define the main rules and points for discussions on (...)
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  32. Michael O. Rabin (1959). Review: A. Frohlich, J. C. Shepherdson, On the Factorisation of Polynomials in a Finite Number of Steps; A. Frohlich, J. C. Shepherdson, Effective Procedures in Field Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (2):169-170.score: 21.0
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  33. Egidija Stauskienė (2012). Impact of Constitutional Justice on Lithuaniaʼs Civil Procedure. Jurisprudence 19 (3):1079-1099.score: 21.0
    The extent to which the legal doctrine addresses manifestations of constitutionalism has been constantly growing. However, the majority of research in constitutionalism focuses on the analysis of the power of the Constitution and the fundamental principles entrenched in it whereas ordinary branches of law, including civil procedure, affected by the constitutional law remains outside the scope of a deeper analysis. The author of the present paper is convinced that certain aspects of the impact of constitutional justice on such branches (...)
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  34. Dario Gregori, Lara Lusa, Rosalba Rosato & Luciano Silvestri (2008). Evaluating Effectiveness of Preoperative Testing Procedure: Some Notes on Modelling Strategies in Multi‐Centre Surveys. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):11-18.score: 20.0
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  35. Claudia Schmied, Xavier Boivin, Sebastian Scala & Susanne Waiblinger (2011). Effect of Previous Stroking on Reactions to a Veterinary Procedure Behaviour and Heart Rate of Dairy Cows. Interaction Studies 11 (3):467-481.score: 19.0
    This study investigated the effect of stroking vs. simple human presence on later reactions of dairy cows to routine veterinary handling. While in two groups of cows the experimenter stroked the ventral part of the neck (Neck, N = 14) or the withers (Withers, N = 15) for three consecutive weeks, the third group was exposed to close visual presence (Control, N = 14). After the treatment period the cows were subjected to rectal palpation. The three groups differed significantly in (...)
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  36. Moti Mizrahi (2012). A Decision Procedure for Evaluating Natural Language Arguments. APA Newsletter on Teaching Philosophy 12 (1):11-12.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I present a decision procedure for evaluating arguments expressed in natural language. I think that other instructors of informal logic and critical thinking might find this decision procedure to be a useful addition to their teaching resources.
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  37. Surendra Arjoon (2006). Striking a Balance Between Rules and Principles-Based Approaches for Effective Governance: A Risks-Based Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):53 - 82.score: 18.0
    Several recent studies and initiatives have emphasized the importance of a strong ethical organizational DNA (ODNA) to create and promote an effective corporate governance culture of trust, integrity and intellectual honesty. This paper highlights the drawbacks of an excessively heavy reliance on rules-based approaches that increase the cost of doing business, overshadow essential elements of good corporate governance, create a culture of dependency, and can result in legal absolutism. The paper makes the case that the way forward for (...) corporate governance is to strike an optimal balance between rules-based and principles-based approaches. The recent corporate scandals have demonstrated that the ethical ODNA is critical to the driving force and basis of legal and regulatory requirements. Effective governance means adhering to ethical principles, not merely complying with rules, and is a crucial guardian of a firm’s reputation and integrity. It is through an effective corporate governance program (that is, one that optimally captures and integrates the appropriate aspects of rules-based and principles-based approaches, and identifies and assesses the related risks) that an organization can reconfigure its ODNA for improved performance. Focusing on the ethical ODNA as the basis of new governance measures provides an opportunity to develop a competitive advantage as it represents a potential source of differentiation, strengthens the relationship with all stakeholders of the organization by building a culture of trust and integrity, and re-instills investor confidence. This paper employs dialectical reasoning that links the ODNA through principles-driven rules in developing a risks-based approach. A comparison from a risk assessment perspective between rules-based and principles-based approaches is presented. Although there have been few applications employing dialectical reasoning in business research, this methodology can be extremely useful in isolating ethical issues and integrating them into the business process. The risks-based approach captures the benefits of both rules-based and principles-based approaches, and incorporates trust-based principles such␣as solidarity, subsidiarity and covenantal relationships. (shrink)
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  38. Jonathan Bain (2013). Emergence in Effective Field Theories. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (3):257-273.score: 18.0
    This essay considers the extent to which a concept of emergence can be associated with Effective Field Theories (EFTs). I suggest that such a concept can be characterized by microphysicalism and novelty underwritten by the elimination of degrees of freedom from a high-energy theory, and argue that this makes emergence in EFTs distinct from other concepts of emergence in physics that have appeared in the recent philosophical literature.
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  39. Oron Shagrir (2002). Effective Computation by Humans and Machines. Minds and Machines 12 (2):221-240.score: 18.0
    There is an intensive discussion nowadays about the meaning of effective computability, with implications to the status and provability of the Church–Turing Thesis (CTT). I begin by reviewing what has become the dominant account of the way Turing and Church viewed, in 1936, effective computability. According to this account, to which I refer as the Gandy–Sieg account, Turing and Church aimed to characterize the functions that can be computed by a human computer. In addition, Turing provided a highly (...)
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  40. Nancy Janovicek (2006). Oral History and Ethical Practice: Towards Effective Policies and Procedures. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 4 (1-4):157-174.score: 18.0
    This article examines how Canadian ethics policies affects historians who use oral history, and focuses on privacy and confidentiality, free and informed consent, and research involving Aboriginal peoples. The article concludes with recommendations for developing ethics policies that accord with historical methodology.
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  41. Merle Spriggs (2008). The Ethics of Research on Less Expensive, Less Effective Interventions: A Case for Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):295-302.score: 18.0
    The Kennedy Krieger lead paint study is a landmark case in human experimentation and a classic case in research ethics. In this paper I use the lead paint study to assist in the analysis of the ethics of research on less expensive, less effective interventions. I critically evaluate an argument by Buchanan and Miller who defend both the Kennedy Krieger lead paint study and public health research on less expensive, less effective interventions. I conclude that Buchanan and Miller’s (...)
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  42. Baojuan Li, Xiang Wang, Shuqiao Yao, Dewen Hu & Karl Friston (2012). Task-Dependent Modulation of Effective Connectivity Within the Default Mode Network. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    The default mode network (DMN) has recently attracted widespread interest. Previous studies have found that task-related processing can induce deactivation and changes in the functional connectivity of this network. However, it remains unclear how tasks modulate the underlying effective connectivity within the DMN. Using recent advances in dynamic causal modeling (DCM), we investigated the modulatory effect of (gender judgment) task performance on directed connectivity within the DMN. Sixteen healthy subjects were scanned twice: at rest and while performing a gender (...)
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  43. Stasys Vėlyvis & Vilija Mikuckienė (2009). Origin of Bankruptcy Procedure in Roman Law. Jurisprudence 117 (3):285-297.score: 18.0
    In order to clarify the objectives of bankruptcy, to reveal the true essence of bankruptcy procedure and the origin of legal terms, it is necessary to ascertain the nature of this institute of law, as well as the reasons for its creation and development. This article provides historic analysis of the development of the institute of bankruptcy procedure. For this purpose, a historic comparative research is undertaken in the article, in order to find certain parallels of bankruptcy (...) under Roman law and the modern bankruptcy procedure. Roman law has been chosen as the most phenomenal ancient law for the purposes of undertaking a historic analysis of the development of bankruptcy procedure. In the authors’ opinion, it it the best example that reveals the origin of bankruptcy procedure, and the reasons for its formation. Analysis of certain private law institutes of Roman law enables the authors to conclude that the main features (principles) of the bankruptcy procedure formed precisely under Roman law: replacement of personal liability by pecuniary; public auction as a form of realization of debtor’s property; transition from selling of debtor’s property as a whole to disposal of property in divided property units; creation of subject, who administers auctions of debtor’s property under oath not to act in selfish purposes; setting of a term of 30 days, during which a debtor has to cover the debts (claims’ dispute resolution); establishment of the institute of informing creditors about initiated procedures of debt retrieval and encouragement to join these procedures; establishment of the ban to recover debts from household items; laying of the foundations of the institute of peace agreement between the debtor and his creditors; establishment of actio Pauliana - a remedy for the protection of creditors rights. The mentioned rules in one way or another eventually have been transferred to legal acts on legal relations in case of bankruptcy of many foreign countries. (shrink)
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  44. Thomas Fuß (2002). SU(3) Local Gauge Field Theory as Effective Dynamics of Composite Gluons. Foundations of Physics 32 (11):1737-1755.score: 18.0
    The effective dynamics of quarks is described by a nonperturbatively regularized NJL model equation with canonical quantization and probability interpretation. The quantum theory of this model is formulated in functional space and the gluons are considered as relativistic bound states of colored quark-antiquark pairs. Their wave functions are calculated as eigenstates of hardcore equations, and their effective dynamics is derived by weak mapping in functional space. This leads to the phenomenological SU(3) gauge invariant gluon equations in functional formulation, (...)
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  45. Karl Friston Baojuan Li, Xiang Wang, Shuqiao Yao, Dewen Hu (2012). Task-Dependent Modulation of Effective Connectivity Within the Default Mode Network. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    The default mode network (DMN) has recently attracted widespread interest. Previous studies have found that task-related processing can induce deactivation and changes in the functional connectivity of this network. However, it remains unclear how tasks modulate the underlying effective connectivity within the DMN. Using recent advances in dynamic causal modeling (DCM), we investigated the modulatory effect of (gender judgment) task performance on directed connectivity within the DMN. Sixteen healthy subjects were scanned twice: at rest and while performing a gender (...)
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  46. René Lavendhomme & Thierry Lucas (2000). Sequent Calculi and Decision Procedures for Weak Modal Systems. Studia Logica 66 (1):121-145.score: 18.0
    We investigate sequent calculi for the weak modal (propositional) system reduced to the equivalence rule and extensions of it up to the full Kripke system containing monotonicity, conjunction and necessitation rules. The calculi have cut elimination and we concentrate on the inversion of rules to give in each case an effective procedure which for every sequent either furnishes a proof or a finite countermodel of it. Applications to the cardinality of countermodels, the inversion of rules and the derivability (...)
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  47. Chaudhary Imran Sarwar (2013). Future of Ethically Effective Leadership. Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):81-89.score: 18.0
    This research focuses on (a) introducing and exploring ethically effective leadership, (b) introducing and testing theory on triad of typical–maximal–ideal ethically effective leadership performances, (b) theorizing and empirically testing that each of typical–maximal–ideal ethically effective leadership performance is different from each others, in other words exploring mean differences between each pair of typical–maximal–ideal effective leadership performances, (c) introducing, theorizing, and testing mechanism to quantify respondents’ intrinsic desire and inherent potential to enhance their ethically effective leadership (...)
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  48. Chris J. Conidis (2012). A Real of Strictly Positive Effective Packing Dimension That Does Not Compute a Real of Effective Packing Dimension One. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (2):447-474.score: 18.0
    Recently, the Dimension Problem for effective Hausdorff dimension was solved by J. Miller in [14], where the author constructs a Turing degree of non-integral Hausdorff dimension. In this article we settle the Dimension Problem for effective packing dimension by constructing a real of strictly positive effective packing dimension that does not compute a real of effective packing dimension one (on the other hand, it is known via [10, 3, 7] that every real of strictly positive (...) Hausdorff dimension computes reals whose effective packing dimensions are arbitrarily close to, but not necessarily equal to, one). (shrink)
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  49. Rod Downey & Keng Meng Ng (2010). Effective Packing Dimension and Traceability. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (2):279-290.score: 18.0
    We study the Turing degrees which contain a real of effective packing dimension one. Downey and Greenberg showed that a c.e. degree has effective packing dimension one if and only if it is not c.e. traceable. In this paper, we show that this characterization fails in general. We construct a real $A\leq_T\emptyset''$ which is hyperimmune-free and not c.e. traceable such that every real $\alpha\leq_T A$ has effective packing dimension 0. We construct a real $B\leq_T\emptyset'$ which is not (...)
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  50. Anthony R. McIntosh Andreea Oliviana Diaconescu, Jimmy Jensen, Hongye Wang, Matthäus Willeit, Mahesh Menon, Shitij Kapur (2010). Aberrant Effective Connectivity in Schizophrenia Patients During Appetitive Conditioning. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 18.0
    It has recently been suggested that schizophrenia involves dysfunction in brain connectivity at a neural level, and a dysfunction in reward processing at a behavioural level. The purpose of the present study was to link these two levels of analyses by examining effective connectivity patterns between brain regions mediating reward learning in patients with schizophrenia and healthy, age-matched controls. To this aim, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and galvanic skin recordings (GSR) while patients and controls performed an (...)
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