Search results for 'embryo' (try it on Scholar)

823 found
Order:
  1.  75
    Andrew McGee (2014). The Potentiality of the Embryo and the Somatic Cell. Metaphilosophy 45 (4-5):689-706.
    Recent arguments on the ethics of stem cell research have taken a novel approach to the question of the moral status of the embryo. One influential argument focuses on a property that the embryo is said to possess—namely, the property of being an entity with a rational nature or, less controversially, an entity that has the potential to acquire a rational nature—and claims that this property is also possessed by a somatic cell. Since nobody seriously thinks that we (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  32
    Louis M. Guenin (2008). The Morality of Embryo Use. Cambridge University Press.
    Is it permissible to use a human embryo in stem cell research, or in general as a means for benefit of others? Acknowledging each embryo as an object of moral concern, Louis M.Guenin argues that it is morally permissible to decline intrauterine transfer of an embryo formed outside the body, and that from this permission and the duty of beneficence, there follows a consensus justification for using donated embryos in service of humanitarian ends. He then proceeds to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  3.  28
    Erica Haimes & Ken Taylor (2011). The Contributions of Empirical Evidence to Socio-Ethical Debates on Fresh Embryo Donation for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Bioethics 25 (6):334-341.
    This article is a response to McLeod and Baylis (2007) who speculate on the dangers of requesting fresh ‘spare’ embryos from IVF patients for human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research, particularly when those embryos are good enough to be transferred back to the woman. They argue that these embryos should be frozen instead. We explore what is meant by ‘spare’ embryos. We then provide empirical evidence, from a study of embryo donation and of embryo donors' views, to substantiate (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  4.  13
    Jeff Nisker, Françoise Baylis, Isabel Karpin, Carolyn McLeod & Roxanne Mykitiuk (eds.) (2010). The 'Healthy' Embryo: Social, Biomedical, Legal and Philosophical Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
    Public attention on embryo research has never been greater. Modern reproductive medicine technology and the use of embryos to generate stem cells ensure that this will continue to be a topic of debate and research across many disciplines. This multidisciplinary book explores the concept of a 'healthy' embryo, its implications on the health of children and adults, and how perceptions of what constitutes child and adult health influence the concept of embryo 'health'. The concept of human (...) health is considered from preconception to pre-implantation genetic diagnosis to recent foetal surgical approaches. Burgeoning capacities in both genetic and reproductive science and their clinical implications have catalysed the necessity to explore the concept of a 'healthy' embryo. The authors are from five countries and 13 disciplines in the social sciences, humanities, biological sciences and medicine, ensuring that the book has a broad coverage and approach. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  5.  34
    Etienne Lepicard (2010). The Embryo in Ancient Rabbinic Literature: Between Religious Law and Didactic Narratives: An Interpretive Essay. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (1):21-41.
    At a time when bioethical issues are at the top of public and political agendas, there is a renewed interest in representations of the embryo in various religious traditions. One of the major traditions that have contributed to Western representations of the embryo is the Jewish tradition. This tradition poses some difficulties that may deter scholars, but also presents some invaluable advantages. These derive from two components, the search for limits and narrativity, both of which are directly connected (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  10
    Geert Keil (2014). Ein bisschen Embryo? Begriffliche, ontologische und normative Überlegungen zur totipotenzbasierten Legaldefinition von 'Embryo'. In Thomas Heinemann Hans-Georg Dederer & Tobias Cantz (eds.), Entwicklungsbiologische Totipotenz in Ethik und Recht. Zur normativen Bewertung von totipotenten menschlichen Zellen. 251-287.
    Im deutschen Embryonenschutz- und im Stammzellgesetz sind zwei Rechtsbegriffe von 'Embryo' definiert worden, die sich auf die Zelleigenschaft der Totipotenz stützen und dieser damit eine ontologische und normative Bedeutung beimessen, die angesichts der vielfältigen divergierenden Intuitionen und Argumente zur sogenannten Statusfrage nicht leicht zu rechtfertigen ist. Der vorliegende Beitrag diskutiert die Schwierigkeiten, den ontologischen, moralischen und rechtlichen Status totipotenter Humanzellen plausibel zu begründen, und argumentiert insbesondere, dass zwischen Grundannahmen der Substanzontologie und naturphilosophischen Kontinuitätsüberlegungen unaufhebbare Spannungen bestehen, die der Gesetzgeber (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  45
    S. Matthew Liao (2006). The Embryo Rescue Case. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (2):141-147.
    In the debate regarding the moral status of human embryos, the Embryo Rescue Case has been used to suggest that embryos are not rightholders. This case is premised on the idea that in a situation where one has a choice between saving some number of embryos or a child, it seems wrong to save the embryos and not the child. If so, it seems that embryos cannot be rightholders. In this paper, I argue that the Embryo Rescue Case (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  5
    Dominic Wilkinson, G. Owen Schaefer, Kelton Tremellen & Julian Savulescu (2015). Double Trouble: Should Double Embryo Transfer Be Banned? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (2):121-139.
    What role should legislation or policy play in avoiding the complications of in-vitro fertilization? In this article, we focus on single versus double embryo transfer, and assess three arguments in favour of mandatory single embryo transfer: risks to the mother, risks to resultant children, and costs to society. We highlight significant ethical concerns about each of these. Reproductive autonomy and non-paternalism are strong enough to outweigh the health concerns for the woman. Complications due to non-identity cast doubt on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  5
    Marie Fox (2000). Pre-Persons, Commodities or Cyborgs: The Legal Construction and Representation of the Embryo. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 8 (2):171-188.
    This paper explores how embryos have been representedin law. It argues that two main models haveunderpinned legal discourse concerning the embryo. Onediscourse, which has become increasingly prevalent,views embryos as legal subjects or persons. Suchrepresentations are facilitated by technologicaldevelopments such as ultrasound imaging. In additionto influencing Parliamentary debate prior to thepassage of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act1990, images of embryos as persons featureprominently in popular culture, including advertisingand films, and this discourse came to the fore in the`orphaned embryo' (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  10.  16
    Lucy Frith & Eric Blyth (2013). They Can't Have My Embryo: The Ethics of Conditional Embryo Donation. Bioethics 27 (6):317-324.
    There are substantial numbers of frozen embryos in storage that will not be used by those who produced them for their own fertility treatment. One option for such embryos is to donate them to others to use in their fertility treatment. There has been considerable debate about how this process should be organized. In the US, there are embryo adoption programmes that mediate between those relinquishing embryos and potential recipients. This is a form of conditional embryo donation, where (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  6
    Anna Alichniewicz & Monika Michalowska (forthcoming). “The Angel of the House” in the Realm of ART: Feminist Approach to Oocyte and Spare Embryo Donation for Research. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-7.
    The spectacular progress in assisted reproduction technology that has been witnessed for the past thirty years resulted in emerging new ethical dilemmas as well as the revision of some perennial ones. The paper aims at a feminist approach to oocyte and spare embryo donation for research. First, referring to different concepts of autonomy and informed consent, we discuss whether the decision to donate oocyte/embryo can truly be an autonomous choice of a female patient. Secondly, we argue the commonly (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  13
    Leila Afshar & Alireza Bagheri (2013). Embryo Donation in Iran: An Ethical Review. Developing World Bioethics 13 (3):119-124.
    Iran is the only Muslim country that has legislation on embryo donation, adopted in 2003. With an estimated 10–15% of couples in the country that are infertile, there are not any legal or religious barriers that prohibit an infertile couple from taking advantage of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs). Although all forms of ARTs available in Iran have been legitimized by religious authorities, there is a lack of legislation in all ARTs except embryo donation. By highlighting ethical issues in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  20
    John Stewart Gordon (2008). The Status of the in Vitro Embryo. Bioethics 22 (5):296–298.
    The volume presents 20 essays on the ontological, moral, and legal status of the in vitro embryo.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  2
    Prof Dr H. W. Michelmann & B. Hinney (1995). Ethical Reflections on the Status of the Preimplantation Embryo Leading to the German Embryo Protection Act. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (2):145-150.
    Ethical conflicts have always been connected with new techniques of reproductive medicine such as in-vitro fertilization. The fundamental question is: When does human life begin and from which stage of development should the embryo be protected? This question cannot be solved by scientific findings only. In prenatal ontogenesis there is no moment during the development from the fertilized oocyte to a human being which could be recognized as an orientation point for all ethical problems connected with the question of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  15
    Thomas F. Banchoff (2011). Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies. Cornell University Press.
    The emergence of ethical controversy -- First embryo research regimes -- The ethics of embryonic stem cell research -- Stem cell and cloning politics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  80
    Katrien Devolder & John Harris (2007). The Ambiguity of the Embryo: Ethical Inconsistency in the Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate. Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):153–169.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  17.  6
    Ngaire Naffine & Bernadette Richards (2012). Regulating Consent to Organ and Embryo Donation. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):49-55.
    As rational adults, we are free to elect what is (or is not) done to our bodies. However, this strong freedom does not extend to the borders of life. Control over the uses of our biological material is constrained and uncertain at law. Our article examines the legal condition of embryos and organs: how law conceptualises them and regulates their uses.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  18.  4
    Jane Maienschein & Manfred D. Laubichler (2010). The Embryo Project: An Integrated Approach to History, Practices, and Social Contexts of Embryo Research. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):1 - 16.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  19.  12
    Susanne Gibson (2007). Uses of Respect and Uses of the Human Embryo. Bioethics 21 (7):370–378.
  20.  3
    Dmitri Papatsenko (2009). Stripe Formation in the Early Fly Embryo: Principles, Models, and Networks. Bioessays 31 (11):1172-1180.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21.  37
    David B. Hershenov (2002). Olson's Embryo Problem. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (4):502-511.
  22.  34
    Katrien Devolder & Christopher M. Ward (2007). Rescuing Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: The Possibility of Embryo Reconstitution After Stem Cell Derivation. Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):245–263.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  7
    Kristien Hens (2015). To Transfer or Not to Transfer: The Case of Comprehensive Chromosome Screening of the In Vitro Embryo. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 23 (2):197-206.
    The screening of in vitro embryos resulting from in vitro fertilization treatment for chromosomal abnormalities has as a primary aim to help patients achieve a successful pregnancy. Most IVF centers will not transfer aneuploid embryos, as they have an enhanced risk of leading to implantation failure and miscarriage. However, some aneuploidies, such as trisomy-21, can lead to viable pregnancies and to children with a variable health prognosis, and some prospective parents may request transfer of such embryos. I present two cases (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  4
    A. R. Holder (1988). The Frozen Embryo and Divorce. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (4):9-11.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  1
    Hassan Rashidi & Virginie Sottile (2009). The Chick Embryo: Hatching a Model for Contemporary Biomedical Research. Bioessays 31 (4):459-465.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. García San José & I. Daniel (2010). International Bio Law: An International Overview of Developments in Human Embryo Research and Experimentation. Ediciones Laborum.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  75
    Toby Ord (2008). The Scourge: Moral Implications of Natural Embryo Loss. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):12 – 19.
    It is often claimed that from the moment of conception embryos have the same moral status as adult humans. This claim plays a central role in many arguments against abortion, in vitro fertilization, and stem cell research. In what follows, I show that this claim leads directly to an unexpected and unwelcome conclusion: that natural embryo loss is one of the greatest problems of our time and that we must do almost everything in our power to prevent it. I (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  28. Ezio Di Nucci (2013). Embryo Loss and Double Effect. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):537-540.
    I defend the argument that if embryo loss in stem cell research is morally problematic, then embryo loss in in vivo conception is similarly morally problematic. According to a recent challenge to this argument, we can distinguish between in vivo embryo loss and the in vitro embryo loss of stem cell research by appealing to the doctrine of double effect. I argue that this challenge fails to show that in vivo embryo loss is a mere (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  29.  54
    R. Gill (2005). Response To: The Human Embryo in the Christian Tradition. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (12):713-714.
    Perhaps the gradualist position on abortion has re-emerged repeatedly because it corresponds to pastoral experienceAt one level David Albert Jones’s paper is very successful. Despite the high reputation of the late Gordon Dunstan, first as a mediaeval historian, then as an ethicist of considerable influence within the Anglican church, and finally as a pioneer medical ethicist, his crucial 1984 article appears to be overdrawn. Some caution is now needed before endorsing his claim that the Christian tradition according the embryo (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30.  19
    Ronald M. Green (2010). Political Interventions in U.S. Human Embryo Research: An Ethical Assessment. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (2):220-228.
    For more than 30 years, beginning with the Reagan administration's refusal to support and provide oversight for embryo research, and continuing to the present in congressionally imposed limits on funding for such research, progress in infertility medicine and the development of stem cell therapies has been seriously delayed by a series of political interventions. In almost all cases, these interventions result from a view of the moral status of human embryo premised largely on religious assumptions. Although some believe (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  31.  52
    J. C. Byk (1997). A Proposed Draft Protocol for the European Convention on Biomedicine Relating to Research on the Human Embryo and Fetus. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (1):32-37.
    The objective of this paper is to stimulate academic debate on embryo and fetal research from the perspective of the drafting of a protocol to the European Convention on Biomedicine. The Steering Committee on Bioethics of the Council of Europe was mandated to draw up such a protocol and for this purpose organised an important symposium on reproductive technologies and embryo research, in Strasbourg from the 16th to the 18th of December 1996.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  12
    K. Devolder (2013). Embryo Deaths in Reproduction and Embryo Research: A Reply to Murphy's Double Effect Argument. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):533-536.
    The majority of embryos created in natural reproduction die spontaneously within a few weeks of conception. Some have argued that, therefore, if one believes the embryo is a person (in the normative sense) one should find ‘natural’ reproduction morally problematic. An extension of this argument holds that, if one accepts embryo deaths in natural reproduction, consistency requires that one also accepts embryo deaths that occur in (i) assisted reproduction via in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and (ii) embryo (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33.  74
    J. Savulescu (2002). Abortion, Embryo Destruction and the Future of Value Argument. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (3):133-135.
    Abortion and embryo destruction prevent a future of value, but that does not make them wrong.Abortion involves the killing of a fetus. One bad thing about killing a fetus is that the fetus is deprived of a future of value. Think of all the things which make your life good and worth living: understanding the world, seeing your children grow into independent, intelligent, and happy people, watching a sunset over the hills, enjoying good times with friends. By killing the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  34.  25
    Françoise Baylis & Matthew Herder (2009). Policy Design for Human Embryo Research in Canada: A History (Part 1 of 2). [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):109-122.
    This article is the first in a two-part review of policy design for human embryo research in Canada. In this article we explain how this area of research is circumscribed by law promulgated by the federal Parliament (the Assisted Human Reproduction Act ) and by guidelines issued by the Tri-Agencies (the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans and Updated Guidelines for Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Research ). In so doing, we provide the first comprehensive account of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  35.  45
    Mark T. Brown (2007). The Potential of the Human Embryo. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (6):585 – 618.
    A higher order potential analysis of moral status clarifies the issues that divide Human Being Theorists who oppose embryo research from Person Theorists who favor embryo research. Higher order potential personhood is transitive if it is active, identity preserving and morally relevant. If the transition from the Second Order Potential of the embryo to the First Order Potential of an infant is transitive, opponents of embryo research make a powerful case for the moral status of the (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  36. S. Franklin (2006). The Cyborg Embryo: Our Path to Transbiology. Theory, Culture and Society 23 (7-8):167-187.
    It is useful on the occasion of the 21st anniversary of the ‘Cyborg Manifesto’ not only to reconsider its lessons in the context of what is frequently described as the re-engineering of ‘life itself’, but to look at Haraway’s earlier work on embryos. In this article I begin with Haraway’s analysis of embryology in the 1970s to suggest her cyborg embryo was already there, and has, if anything, gained relevance in today’s embryo-strewn society. I argue further, as the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  37.  16
    Marc Ramsay (2011). Twinning and Fusion as Arguments Against the Moral Standing of the Early Human Embryo. Utilitas 23 (2):183-205.
    Some philosophers argue that, because it is subject to twinning and fusion, the early human embryo cannot hold strong moral standing. Supposedly, the fact that an early human embryo can twin or fuse with another embryo entails that it is not a distinct individual, thus precluding it from holding any level of moral standing. I argue that appeals to twinning and fusion fail to show that the early human embryo is not a distinct individual and that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38.  31
    Kathryn Ehrich, Clare Williams & Bobbie Farsides (2010). Consenting Futures: Professional Views on Social, Clinical and Ethical Aspects of Information Feedback to Embryo Donors in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Clinical Ethics 5 (2):77-85.
    This paper reports from an ongoing multidisciplinary, ethnographic study that is exploring the views, values and practices (the ethical frameworks) drawn on by professional staff in assisted conception units and stem cell laboratories in relation to embryo donation for research purposes, particularly human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research, in the UK. We focus here on the connection between possible incidental findings and the circumstances in which embryos are donated for hESC research, and report some of the uncertainties and dilemmas (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  38
    Miguel Jean, Philippe Tessier, Angélique Bonnaud-Antignac, Thomas Freour, Paul Barriere & Gérard Dabouis (2013). Is the Debate About Single or Double Embryo Transfer Following in Vitro Fertilisation Really an Ethical Dilemma? Clinical Ethics 8 (2-3):61-69.
    In vitro fertilisation (IVF) daily practice reveals that couples are willing to take greater risks than doctors if there is a higher chance of pregnancy. Arising from this is a frequently addressed issue regarding the embryo transfer strategy: single or double embryo transfer? The dilemma is faced by patients, as well as physicians, who are caught between the possibility of no pregnancies at all and facing the prospect of iatrogenic twin gestation. How could the couple's preferences concerning how (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  7
    J. Deckers (2007). Why Two Arguments From Probability Fail and One Argument From Thomson's Analogy of the Violinist Succeeds in Justifying Embryo Destruction in Some Situations. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):160-164.
    The scope of embryo research in the UK has been expanded by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Regulations 2001. Two advisory bodies—the Chief Medical Officer’s Expert Group and the House of Lords’ Select Committee—presented various arguments in favour of embryo research. One of these is the view that, just as lottery tickets have relatively little value before the draw because of the low probability of their being the winning ticket, early embryos have relatively little value because of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  41.  27
    John A. Robertson (2010). Embryo Stem Cell Research: Ten Years of Controversy. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (2):191-203.
    This overview of 10 years of stem cell controversy reviews the moral conflict that has made ESCs so controversial and how this conflict plays itself out in the legal realm, focusing on the constitutional status of efforts to ban ESC research or ESC-derived therapies. It provides a history of the federal funding debate from the Carter to the Obama administrations, and the importance of the Raab memo in authorizing federal funding for research with privately derived ESCs despite the Dickey-Wicker ban (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  13
    I. H. Kerridge, C. F. C. Jordens, R. Benson, R. Clifford, R. A. Ankeny, D. Keown, B. Tobin, S. Bhattacharyya, A. Sachedina, L. S. Lehmann & B. Edgar (2010). Religious Perspectives on Embryo Donation and Research. Clinical Ethics 5 (1):35-45.
    The success of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) worldwide has led to an accumulation of frozen embryos that are surplus to the reproductive needs of those for whom they were created. In these situations, couples must decide whether to discard them or donate them for scientific research or for use by other infertile couples. While legislation and regulation may limit the decisions that couples make, their decisions are often shaped by their religious beliefs. Unfortunately, health professionals, scientists and policy-makers are often (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  43.  16
    M. Hayry (2004). There is a Difference Between Selecting a Deaf Embryo and Deafening a Hearing Child. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (5):510-512.
    If genetic diagnosis and preimplantation selection could be employed to produce deaf children, would it be acceptable for deaf parents to do so? Some say no, because there is no moral difference between selecting a deaf embryo and deafening a hearing child, and because it would be wrong to deafen infants. It is argued in this paper, however, that this view is untenable. There are differences between the two activities, and it is perfectly possible to condone genetic selection for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  44. Peter Singer, Helga Kuhse, Stephen Buckle, Karen Dawson & Pascal Kasimba (eds.) (1992). Embryo Experimentation. Cambridge University Press.
    New developments in reproductive technology have made headlines since the birth of the world's first in vitro fertilization baby in 1978. But is embryo experimentation ethically acceptable? What is the moral status of the early human embryo? And how should a democratic society deal with so controversial an issue, where conflicting views are based on differing religious and philosophical positions? These controversial questions are the subject of this book, which, as a current compendium of ideas and arguments on (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  45.  9
    C. Tollefsen (2010). Incarnate Reason and the Embryo: A Response to Dabrock. Christian Bioethics 16 (2):177-186.
    “Incarnate reason” names, in Peter Dabrock's essay, both the task of utilizing natural reason in ethical and political discourse, and an answer to the ontological question about human persons, “What are we?” In this essay, I investigate the significance of this construal for questions about the metaphysical, moral, and political status of the human embryo.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  46.  51
    Robert P. George (2004). Human Cloning and Embryo Research: The 2003 John J. Conley Lecture on Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (1):3-20.
    The author, a member of the U.S.President's Council on Bioethics, discussesethical issues raised by human cloning, whetherfor purposes of bringing babies to birth or forresearch purposes. He first argues that everycloned human embryo is a new, distinct, andenduring organism, belonging to the speciesHomo sapiens, and directing its owndevelopment toward maturity. He then distinguishesbetween two types of capacities belonging toindividual organisms belonging to this species,an immediately exerciseable capacity and abasic natural capacity that develops over time. He argues that it is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  31
    David Shaw (2008). Moral Qualms, Future Persons, and Embryo Research. Bioethics 22 (4):218–223.
    Many people have moral qualms about embryo research, feeling that embryos must deserve some kind of protection, if not so much as is afforded to persons. This paper will show that these qualms serve to camouflage motives that are really prudential, at the cost of also obscuring the real ethical issues at play in the debate concerning embryo research and therapeutic cloning. This in turn leads to fallacious use of the Actions/Omissions Distinction and ultimately neglects the duties that (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48.  9
    Giovanni Maio (2004). The Embryo in Relationships: A French Debate on Stem Cell Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (5):583 – 602.
    While many European countries are entering unknown legal terrain where the embryo in vitro is concerned, France can already look back on a long tradition of public discussion and legal codification of ways of dealing with in vitro embryos. In its comprehensive law of 1994, France had still rejected embryo research; however, due to the promising perspectives of stem cell research, the new law now pending implies a clear liberalization of the 1994 provisions. Both the French lawmakers and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49.  24
    David S. Oderberg (2008). The Metaphysical Status of the Embryo: Some Arguments Revisited. Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (4):263-276.
    abstract This paper re-examines some well-known and commonly accepted arguments for the non-individuality of the embryo, due mainly to the work of John Harris. The first concerns the alleged non-differentiation of the embryoblast from the trophoblast. The second concerns monozygotic twinning and the relevance of the primitive streak. The third concerns the totipotency of the cells of the early embryo. I argue that on a proper analysis of both the empirical facts of embryological development, and the metaphysical importance (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  50.  18
    Alan Holland (1990). A Fortnight of My Life is Missing: A Discussion of the Status of the Human 'Pre-Embryo'. Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):25-37.
    ABSTRACT Summed up in the coinage of the term ‘pre‐embryo’is the denial that human beings, as such, begin to exist from the moment of conception. This denial, which may be thought to have significant moral implications, rests on two kinds of reason. The first is that the pre‐embryo lacks the characteristics of a human being. The second is that the pre‐embryo lacks what it takes to be an individual human being. The first reason, I argue, embodies an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
1 — 50 / 823