Search results for 'evolutionary genetics' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Massimo Pigliucci (2006). Genetic Variance–Covariance Matrices: A Critique of the Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics Research Program. Biology and Philosophy 21 (1):1-23.
    This paper outlines a critique of the use of the genetic variance–covariance matrix (G), one of the central concepts in the modern study of natural selection and evolution. Specifically, I argue that for both conceptual and empirical reasons, studies of G cannot be used to elucidate so-called constraints on natural selection, nor can they be employed to detect or to measure past selection in natural populations – contrary to what assumed by most practicing biologists. I suggest that the search for (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  2.  15
    Emanuele Serrelli (2016). Evolutionary Genetics and Cultural Traits in a 'Body of Theory' Perspective. In Fabrizio Panebianco & Emanuele Serrelli (eds.), Understanding cultural traits. A multidisciplinary perspective on cultural diversity. Springer 179-199.
    The chapter explains why evolutionary genetics – a mathematical body of theory developed since the 1910s – eventually got to deal with culture: the frequency dynamics of genes like “the lactase gene” in populations cannot be correctly modeled without including social transmission. While the body of theory requires specific justifications, for example meticulous legitimations of describing culture in terms of traits, the body of theory is an immensely valuable scientific instrument, not only for its modeling power but also (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  9
    J. Otsuka (2014). Causal Foundations of Evolutionary Genetics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (1):axu039.
    The causal nature of evolution is one of the central topics in the philosophy of biology. The issue concerns whether equations used in evolutionary genetics point to some causal processes or purely phenomenological patterns. To address this question the present article builds well-defined causal models that underlie standard equations in evolutionary genetics. These models are based on minimal and biologically plausible hypotheses about selection and reproduction, and generate statistics to predict evolutionary changes. The causal reconstruction (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  4.  1
    Jun Otsuka (2016). Causal Foundations of Evolutionary Genetics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (1):247-269.
    The causal nature of evolution is one of the central topics in the philosophy of biology. The issue concerns whether equations used in evolutionary genetics point to some causal processes or purely phenomenological patterns. To address this question the present article builds well-defined causal models that underlie standard equations in evolutionary genetics. These models are based on minimal and biologically plausible hypotheses about selection and reproduction, and generate statistics to predict evolutionary changes. The causal reconstruction (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  4
    Jonathan Bard (2010). A Systems Biology View of Evolutionary Genetics. Bioessays 32 (7):559-563.
  6. Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2006). Fisherian and Wrightian Perspectives in Evolutionary Genetics and Model-Mediated Imposition of Theoretical Assumptions. Journal of Theoretical Biology 240:218-232.
    I investigate how theoretical assumptions, pertinent to different perspectives and operative during the modeling process, are central in determining how nature is actually taken to be. I explore two different models by Michael Turelli and Steve Frank of the evolution of parasite-mediated cytoplasmic incompatility, guided, respectively, by Fisherian and Wrightian perspectives. Since the two models can be shown to be commensurable both with respect to mathematics and data, I argue that the differences between them in the (1) mathematical presentation of (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  7.  9
    Greg Gibson & Günter Wagner (2000). Canalization in Evolutionary Genetics: A Stabilizing Theory? Bioessays 22 (4):372-380.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  8.  1
    Michael Wade, Evolutionary Genetics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9.  40
    David M. Buss (2006). The Evolutionary Genetics of Personality: Does Mutation Load Signal Relationship Load? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):409-409.
    The mutation-selection hypothesis may extend to understanding normal personality variation. Traits such as emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness figure strongly in mate selection and show evidence of non-additive genetic variance. They are linked with reproductively relevant outcomes, including longevity, resource acquisition, and mating success. Evolved difference-detection adaptations may function to spurn individuals whose high mutation load signals a burdensome relationship load. (Published Online November 9 2006).
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  6
    Jianzhi Zhang (2010). Evolutionary Genetics: Progress and Challenges. In M. A. Bell, D. J. Futuyma, W. F. Eanes & J. S. Levinton (eds.), Evolution Since Darwin: The First 150 Years. Sinauer 87--118.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  3
    Jonathan Cooke (2005). Book Review: Human Evolutionary Genetics: Origins, Peoples and Disease and Gene Genealogies, Variation and Evolution: A Primer in Coalescent Theory. [REVIEW] Bioessays 27 (9):978-980.
  12.  4
    Tim J. Crow (2012). Paul Broca and the Evolutionary Genetics of Cerebral Asymmetry. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 70:133-147.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  1
    Robert E. Kohier (1991). Drosophila and Evolutionary Genetics: The Moral Economy of Scientific Practice. History of Science 29:335-375.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Peter Bowler (1994). The Founders of Evolutionary Genetics: A Centenary Reappraisal. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 27 (1):122-122.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Scott F. Gilbert (1980). Owen's Vertebral Archetype and Evolutionary Genetics-A Platonic Appreciation. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 23 (3):475-488.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. Claudius F. Kratochwil & Axel Meyer (2015). Closing the Genotype-Phenotype Gap: Emerging Technologies for Evolutionary Genetics in Ecological Model Vertebrate Systems. Bioessays 37 (2):213-226.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. J. L. Mountain (2001). Human Evolutionary Genetics. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 6984--91.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Robert Olby (1994). The Founders of Evolutionary Genetics: A Centenary Reappraisal by Sahotra Sarkar; The Search for the Gene by Bruce Wallace. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 85:353-354.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Massimo Pigliucci (2008). The Proper Role of Population Genetics in Modern Evolutionary Theory. Biological Theory 3 (4):316-324.
    Evolutionary biology is a field currently animated by much discussion concerning its conceptual foundations. On the one hand, we have supporters of a classical view of evolutionary theory, whose backbone is provided by population genetics and the so-called Modern Synthesis (MS). On the other hand, a number of researchers are calling for an Extended Synthe- sis (ES) that takes seriously both the limitations of the MS (such as its inability to incorporate developmental biology) and recent empirical and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  20.  9
    J. Cain (2002). Epistemic and Community Transition in American Evolutionary Studies: The 'Committee on Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Systematics' (1942-1949). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (2):283-313.
    The Committee on Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Systematics (United States National Research Council) marks part of a critical transition in American evolutionary studies. Launched in 1942 to facilitate cross-training between genetics and paleontology, the Committee was also designed to amplify paleontologist voices in modern studies of evolutionary processes. During coincidental absences of founders George Gaylord Simpson and Theodosius Dobzhansky, an opportunistic Ernst Mayr moved into the project's leadership. Mayr used the opportunity for programmatic reforms (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  21.  9
    John Beatty (1982). The Insights and Oversights of Molecular Genetics: The Place of the Evolutionary Perspective. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:341 - 355.
    A general case about the insights and oversights of molecular genetics is argued for by considering two specific cases: the first concerns the bearing of molecular genetics on Mendelian genetics, and the second concerns the bearing of molecular genetics on the replicability of the genetic material. As in the first case, it is argued that Mendel's law of segregation cannot be explained wholly in terms of molecular genetics--the law demands evolutionary scrutiny as well. In (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  22.  9
    David Loye, Peter Saunders, Eric Chaisson, Rod Swenson & Michael Ghiselin (1991). Evolutionary Systems and Society, Vilmos Csanyi, Professor of Ethology and Behavior Genetics, Lorand Eotvos University, Budapest, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1989. 304 Pp. $49.50 (Cloth). [REVIEW] World Futures 30 (3):191-206.
    (1991). Evolutionary Systems and Society, Vilmos Csányi, Professor of Ethology and Behavior Genetics, Lorand Eotvos University, Budapest, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1989. 304 pp. $49.50 (cloth). World Futures: Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 191-206.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  3
    S. Schmitt (1999). [The work of Richard Goldschmidt: an attempt at a synthesis of genetics, developmental biology, and evolutionary theory surrounding the concept of homeosis]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 53 (3-4):381-399.
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  24
    Bert Theunissen (2014). Practical Animal Breeding as the Key to an Integrated View of Genetics, Eugenics and Evolutionary Theory: Arend L. Hagedoorn. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 46 (1):55-64.
    In the history of genetics Arend Hagedoorn is mainly known for the ‘Hagedoorn effect’, which states that part of the changes in variability that populations undergo over time are due to chance effects. Leaving this contribution aside, Hagedoorn’s work has received scarcely any attention from historians. This is mainly due to the fact that Hagedoorn was an expert in animal breeding, a field that historians have only recently begun to explore. His work provides an example of how a prominent (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  9
    Stephen L. Zegura (1997). Color Categories and Biology: Considerations From Molecular Genetics, Neurobiology, and Evolutionary Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):211-212.
    Evidence from molecular genetics bolsters the claim that color is not a perceptuolinguistic and behavioral universal. Neurobiology continues to fill in many details about the flow of color information from photon reception to central processing in the brain. Humans have the most acute color vision in the biosphere because of natural selection and adaptation, not coincidence.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  57
    Matthew C. Keller & Geoffrey Miller (2006). Resolving the Paradox of Common, Harmful, Heritable Mental Disorders: Which Evolutionary Genetic Models Work Best? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):385-404.
    Given that natural selection is so powerful at optimizing complex adaptations, why does it seem unable to eliminate genes (susceptibility alleles) that predispose to common, harmful, heritable mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder? We assess three leading explanations for this apparent paradox from evolutionary genetic theory: (1) ancestral neutrality (susceptibility alleles were not harmful among ancestors), (2) balancing selection (susceptibility alleles sometimes increased fitness), and (3) polygenic mutation-selection balance (mental disorders reflect the inevitable mutational load on the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  27.  3
    Daniel Pérusse (1992). Attachment: A View From Evolutionary Biology and Behavior Genetics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):521-522.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  2
    Philip Batterham, Andrew G. Davies, Anne Y. Game & John A. McKenzie (1996). Asymmetry - Where Evolutionary and Developmental Genetics Meet. Bioessays 18 (10):841-845.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29.  25
    Gilberto Corbellini (2004). Genetic Risk, Medical Education, Public Understanding of Genetics, and Evolutionary Medicine: The Challenges of Genetic Counselling for Complex Disorders. Topoi 23 (2):187-193.
  30.  2
    Rinaldo C. Bertossa (2005). Evolution of Behaviour: Bridging the Gap Between Evolutionary and Developmental Genetics. Bioessays 27 (12):1303-1304.
  31. Joe Cain (2002). Epistemic and Community Transition in American Evolutionary Studies: The ‘Committee on Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Systematics’. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):283-313.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. G. Ainsworth Harrison (1972). Genetics of the Evolutionary Process. By Theodosius Dobzhansky. Pp. 505. (Columbia University Press, New York and London, 1970). Price £4.95. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (1):137-140.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. G. Ainsworth Harrison (1972). Genetics of the Evolutionary Process. Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (1):137.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. Günter Theißen (2000). Evolutionary Developmental Genetics of Floral Symmetry: The Revealing Power of Linnaeus' Monstrous Flower. Bioessays 22 (3):209.
  35. M. J. Wade (forthcoming). Evolutionary and Ecological Genetics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  23
    Fabio Sterpetti (2016). Scientific Realism, the Semantic View and Evolutionary Biology. In Emiliano Ippoliti, Fabio Sterpetti & Thomas Nickles (eds.), Models and Inferences in Science. Springer 55-76.
    The semantic view of theories is normally considered to be an ac-count of theories congenial to Scientific Realism. Recently, it has been argued that Ontic Structural Realism could be fruitfully applied, in combination with the semantic view, to some of the philosophical issues peculiarly related to bi-ology. Given the central role that models have in the semantic view, and the relevance that mathematics has in the definition of the concept of model, the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  31
    Alan C. Love (2003). Evolutionary Morphology, Innovation, and the Synthesis of Evolutionary and Developmental Biology. Biology and Philosophy 18 (2):309-345.
    One foundational question in contemporarybiology is how to `rejoin evolution anddevelopment. The emerging research program(evolutionary developmental biology or`evo-devo) requires a meshing of disciplines,concepts, and explanations that have beendeveloped largely in independence over the pastcentury. In the attempt to comprehend thepresent separation between evolution anddevelopment much attention has been paid to thesplit between genetics and embryology in theearly part of the 20th century with itscodification in the exclusion of embryologyfrom the Modern Synthesis. This encourages acharacterization of evolutionary developmentalbiology (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  38.  25
    Evan Charney (2012). Behavior Genetics and Postgenomics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):331-358.
    The science of genetics is undergoing a paradigm shift. Recent discoveries, including the activity of retrotransposons, the extent of copy number variations, somatic and chromosomal mosaicism, and the nature of the epigenome as a regulator of DNA expressivity, are challenging a series of dogmas concerning the nature of the genome and the relationship between genotype and phenotype. According to three widely held dogmas, DNA is the unchanging template of heredity, is identical in all the cells and tissues of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  39. Massimo Pigliucci & Carl D. Schlichting (1997). On the Limits of Quantitative Genetics for the Study of Phenotypic Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 45 (2):143-160.
    During the last two decades the role of quantitative genetics in evolutionary theory has expanded considerably. Quantitative genetic-based models addressing long term phenotypic evolution, evolution in multiple environments (phenotypic plasticity) and evolution of ontogenies (developmental trajectories) have been proposed. Yet, the mathematical foundations of quantitative genetics were laid with a very different set of problems in mind (mostly the prediction of short term responses to artificial selection), and at a time in which any details of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  11
    Veena Rao & Vidyanand Nanjundiah (2011). J. B. S. Haldane, Ernst Mayr and the Beanbag Genetics Dispute. Journal of the History of Biology 44 (2):233 - 281.
    Starting from the early decades of the twentieth century, evolutionary biology began to acquire mathematical overtones. This took place via the development of a set of models in which the Darwinian picture of evolution was shown to be consistent with the laws of heredity discovered by Mendel. The models, which came to be elaborated over the years, define a field of study known as population genetics. Population genetics is generally looked upon as an essential component of modern (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  29
    Peter Gildenhuys (2011). Righteous Modeling: The Competence of Classical Population Genetics. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 26 (6):813-835.
    In a recent article, “Wayward Modeling: Population Genetics and Natural Selection,” Bruce Glymour claims that population genetics is burdened by serious predictive and explanatory inadequacies and that the theory itself is to blame. Because Glymour overlooks a variety of formal modeling techniques in population genetics, his arguments do not quite undermine a major scientific theory. However, his arguments are extremely valuable as they provide definitive proof that those who would deploy classical population (...) over natural systems must do so with careful attention to interactions between individual population members and environmental causes. Glymour’s arguments have deep implications for causation in classical population genetics. (shrink)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  26
    Peter Gildenhuys (2013). Classical Population Genetics and the Semantic Approach to Scientific Theories. Synthese 190 (2):273-291.
    In what follows, I argue that the semantic approach to scientific theories fails as a means to present the Wright—Fisher formalism (WFF) of population genetics. I offer an account of what population geneticist understand insofar as they understand the WFF, a variation on Lloyd's view that population genetics can be understood as a family of models of mid-level generality.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  3
    David J. Depew (2013). The Rhetoric of Evolutionary Theory. Biological Theory 7 (4):380-389.
    I argue that Darwinian evolutionary theory has a rhetorical dimension and that rhetorical criticism plays a role in how evolutionary science acquires knowledge. I define what I mean by rhetoric by considering Darwin’s Origin. I use the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis to show how rhetoric conceived as situated and addressed argumentation enters into evolutionary theorizing. Finally, I argue that rhetorical criticism helps judge the success, limits, and failures of these theories.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  72
    Philippe Gagnon (2012). A Look at the Inference Engine Underlying ‘Evolutionary Epistemology’ Accounts of the Production of Heuristics. In Dirk Evers, Antje Jackelén, Michael Fuller & Taede A. Smedes (eds.), Is Religion Natural? Studies in Science and Theology, No. 13. ESSSAT Biennial Yearbook 2011-2012. Martin-Luther-Universität
    This paper evaluates the claim that it is possible to use nature’s variation in conjunction with retention and selection on the one hand, and the absence of ultimate groundedness of hypotheses generated by the human mind as it knows on the other hand, to discard the ascription of ultimate certainty to the rationality of human conjectures in the cognitive realm. This leads to an evaluation of the further assumption that successful hypotheses with specific applications, in other words heuristics, seem to (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  6
    Joe Cain (2002). Co-Opting Colleagues: Appropriating Dobzhansky's 1936 Lectures at Columbia. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 35 (2):207 - 219.
    This paper clarifies the chronology surrounding the population geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky's 1937 book, "Genetics and the Origin of Species." Most historians assume (a) Dobzhansky's book began as a series of 'Jesup lectures,' sponsored by the Department of Zoology at Columbia University in 1936, and (b) before these lectures were given, Dobzhansky knew he would produce a volume for the Columbia Biological Series (CBS). Archival evidence forces a rejection of both assumptions. Dobzhansky's 1936 Columbia lectures were not Jesup lectures. The (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  46.  67
    Kevin N. Laland, John Odling-Smee & Marcus W. Feldman (2000). Niche Construction, Biological Evolution, and Cultural Change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):131-146.
    We propose a conceptual model that maps the causal pathways relating biological evolution to cultural change. It builds on conventional evolutionary theory by placing emphasis on the capacity of organisms to modify sources of natural selection in their environment (niche construction) and by broadening the evolutionary dynamic to incorporate ontogenetic and cultural processes. In this model, phenotypes have a much more active role in evolution than generally conceived. This sheds light on hominid evolution, on the evolution of culture, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   54 citations  
  47.  4
    Bernard D. Davis (1985). Molecular Genetics and the Foundations of Evolution. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (2):251-268.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Elisabeth A. Lloyd & Marcus Feldman (2002). Evolutionary Psychology: A View From Evolutionary Biology. Psychological Inquiry 13 (2).
    Given the recent explosion of interest in applications of evolutionary biology to understanding human psychology, we think it timely to assure better understanding of modern evolutionary theory among the psychologists who might be using it. We find it necessary to do so because of the very reducd version of evolutionary theorizing that has been incorporated into much of evolutionary psychology so far. Our aim here is to clarify why the use of a reduced version of (...) genetics will lead to faulty science and to indicate where other resources of evolutionary biology can be found that might elevate the standard of the evolutionary component of evolutionary psychology. (shrink)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49.  11
    Marianne Sommer (2008). History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473 - 528.
    In the advertising discourse of human genetic database projects, of genetic ancestry tracing companies, and in popular books on anthropological genetics, what I refer to as the anthropological gene and genome appear as documents of human history, by far surpassing the written record and oral history in scope and accuracy as archives of our past. How did macromolecules become "documents of human evolutionary history"? Historically, molecular anthropology, a term introduced by Emile Zuckerkandl in 1962 to characterize the study (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  50.  23
    Anya Plutynski (2006). Strategies of Model Building in Population Genetics. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):755-764.
    In 1966, Richard Levins argued that there are different strategies in model building in population biology. In this paper, I reply to Orzack and Sober’s (1993) critiques of Levins, and argue that his views on modeling strategies apply also in the context of evolutionary genetics. In particular, I argue that there are different ways in which models are used to ask and answer questions about the dynamics of evolutionary change, prospectively and retrospectively, in classical versus molecular (...) genetics. Further, I argue that robustness analysis is a tool for, if not confirmation, then something near enough, in this discipline. (shrink)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000