Search results for 'experimental history' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  9
    Ursula Klein (2005). Experiments at the Intersection of Experimental History, Technological Inquiry, and Conceptually Driven Analysis: A Case Study From Early Nineteenth-Century France. Perspectives on Science 13 (1):1-48.
    The paper examines differences of styles of experimentation in the history of science. It presents arguments for a historization of our historial and philosophical notion of "experimentation," which question the common view that "experimental philosophy" was the only style of experimentation in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It argues, in particular, that "experimental history" and technological inquiry were accepted styles of academic experimentation at the time. These arguments are corroborated by a careful analysis of a (...)
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  2.  8
    U. Klein (2003). Experimental History and Herman Boerhaave's Chemistry of Plants. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (4):533-567.
    In the early eighteenth century, chemistry became the main academic locus where, in Francis Bacon's words, Experimenta lucifera were performed alongside Experimenta fructifera and where natural philosophy was coupled with natural history and 'experimental history' in the Baconian and Boyleian sense of an inventory and exploration of the extant operations of the arts and crafts. The Dutch social and political system and the institutional setting of the university of Leiden endorsed this empiricist, utilitarian orientation toward the sciences, (...)
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  3.  13
    Niklas Dworazik & Hannes Rusch (2014). A Brief History of Experimental Ethics. In Christoph Luetge, Hannes Rusch & Matthias Uhl (eds.), Experimental Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan 38-56.
    Recent years have seen a continual rise of interest in the empirical study of questions traditionally located in moral philosophy, i.e., studies in Experimental Ethics. In this chapter we briefly outline the recent history of this field. To do so we have to cross disciplinary borders to quite some extent. Tracing the beginnings of Experimental Ethics back to early works in moral psychology, we delineate a sequence of theories which eventually flow into current Experimental Ethics. We (...)
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  4. Ursula Klein (2003). Experimental History and Herman Boerhaave’s Chemistry of Plants. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (4):533-567.
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  5.  34
    Theodore Arabatzis, Hidden Entities and Experimental Practice: Towards a Two-Way Traffic Between History and Philosophy of Science.
    In this paper I investigate the prospects of integrated history and philosophy of science, by examining how philosophical issues concerning experimental practice and scientific realism can enrich the historical investigation of the careers of "hidden entities", entities that are not accessible to unmediated observation. Conversely, I suggest that the history of those entities has important lessons to teach to the philosophy of science. My overall aim is to illustrate the possibility of a fruitful two-way traffic between (...) and philosophy of science. (shrink)
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  6. Gary Hatfield (2002). Psychology, Philosophy, and Cognitive Science: Reflections on the History and Philosophy of Experimental Psychology. Mind and Language 17 (3):207-232.
    This article critically examines the views that psychology ?rst came into existence as a discipline ca. 1879, that philosophy and psychology were estranged in the ensuing decades, that psychology ?nally became scienti?c through the in?uence of logical empiricism, and that it should now disappear in favor of cognitive science and neuroscience. It argues that psychology had a natural philosophical phase (from antiquity) that waxed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, that this psychology transformed into (...)
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  7.  4
    Edwin G. Boring (1944). Sensation and Perception in the History of Experimental Psychology. Journal of Philosophy 41 (12):334-335.
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  8.  7
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger & Peter McLaughlin (1984). Darwin's Experimental Natural History. Journal of the History of Biology 17 (3):345 - 368.
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  9.  1
    George Sarton (1924). A History Of Magic And Experimental Science During The First Thirteen Centuries Of Our Era By Lynn Thorndike. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 6:74-89.
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  10.  1
    Alfred Tauber (1993). A History Of Experimental Virology By Alfred Grafe; Elvira Reckendorf. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 84:827-828.
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  11. I. Cohen (1958). A History Of Magic And Experimental Science. Volumes Vii And Viii: The Seventeenth Century By Lynn Thorndike. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 49:453-455.
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  12. Hilde Hein (1966). The Chemistry of Noble Gases - A Modern Case History in Experimental Sciences. Journal of the History of Ideas 27 (3):417.
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  13.  11
    O. K. P. (1941). A History of Magic and Experimental Science. Volumes V and VI: The Sixteenth Century. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 38 (25):690-692.
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  14.  15
    Henry M. Brock (1938). A History of Magic And Experimental Science. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 13 (4):674-676.
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  15.  10
    C. A. V. (1944). Sensation and Perception in the History of Experimental Psychology. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 41 (12):334-335.
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  16.  7
    Matthew H. Erdelyi (1990). Repression, Reconstruction, and Defense: History and Integration of the Psychoanalytic and Experimental Frameworks. In Jerome L. Singer (ed.), Repression and Dissociation. University of Chicago Press 1--31.
  17.  6
    Morris R. Cohen (1924). A History of Magic and Experimental Science During the First Thirteen Centuries of Our Era. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 21 (17):456-460.
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  18.  1
    Vincent Colapietro (2002). Experimental Logic : Normative Theory or Natural History? In F. Thomas Burke, D. Micah Hester & Robert B. Talisse (eds.), Dewey's Logical Theory: New Studies and Interpretations. Vanderbilt University Press 43-71.
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  19.  7
    E. Harrison (1923). A History of Magic and Experimental Science During the First Thirteen Centuries of Our Era. By Lynn Thorndike, Ph.D. Two Volumes. Pp. Xli + 835; Ix + 1036. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1923. Cloth, $10. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 37 (5-6):138-.
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  20. Francesco Guala, Experimental Economics, History Of.
    This is a slightly longer version of an entry prepared for the 2nd edition of The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, edited by Steven Durlauf and Lawrence Blume (Palgrave-Macmillan, forthcoming). Since the New Palgrave does not include acknowledgments, I should use this chance to thank Roger Backhouse, Philippe Fontaine, Daniel Kahneman, Kyu Sang Lee, Ivan Moscati, and Vernon Smith for their help and suggestions in preparing this paper.
     
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  21.  2
    R. P. (1958). A History of Magic and Experimental Science. Review of Metaphysics 12 (1):150-150.
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  22.  3
    Giuseppe Castagnetti & Michele Camerota (2001). Raffaello Caverni and His History of the Experimental Method in Italy. Science in Context 14 (S1):327.
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  23.  1
    Lynn Thorndike (1923). A History of Magic and Experimental Science During the First Thirteen Centuries of Our Era. Philosophical Review 32 (3):313-317.
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  24.  1
    Lynn Thorndike (1960). A History of Magic and Experimental Science, Volumes VII and VIII: The Seventeenth Century. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (1):126-127.
  25.  7
    James Westfall Thompson (1923). Book Review:A History of Magic and Experimental Science During the First Thirteen Centuries of Our Era. Lynn Thorndike. [REVIEW] Ethics 34 (1):85-.
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  26.  1
    Raffaello Caverni (2001). An Excerpt From History of the Experimental Method in Italy. Science in Context 14 (S1):341.
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  27.  1
    M. M. W. (1941). Book Review:History of Magic and Experimental Science Lynn Thorndike. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 8 (3):393-.
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  28. Ades Ades (1943). Boring's Sensation and Perception in the History of Experimental Psychology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4:104.
     
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  29. Giuseppe Castagnetti & Michele Camerota (2000). Raffaello Caverni and His History of the Experimental Method in Italy. Science in Context 13 (3-4):597.
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  30. Raffaello Caverni (2000). An Excerpt From History of the Experimental Method in Italy. Science in Context 13 (3-4):611.
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  31. Gilbert Gilbert (1960). THORNDIKE'S A History of Magic and Experimental Science, Vols. VII and VIII. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21:126.
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  32. G. Loria (1924). THORNDIKE, L. - A history of magic and experimental science during the first thirteen centuries of our era. [REVIEW] Scientia 18 (36):113.
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  33. G. Loria (1937). THORNDIKE, L. - A History of Magic and experimental Science. [REVIEW] Scientia 31 (62):100.
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  34. P. R. (1958). A History of Magic and Experimental Science. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 12 (1):150-150.
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  35. Frank Stahnisch (2005). History and Philosophy of Medicine and the Practice of Experimental Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26:397-425.
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  36. Lynn Thorndike (1941). A History of Magic and Experimental Science. Volumes V and VI: The Sixteenth Century. Journal of Philosophy 38 (25):690-692.
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  37. William Clark Trow (1931). Boring's A History of Experimental Psychology. Journal of Philosophy 28:489.
     
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  38.  8
    John H. Zammito (2011). History/Philosophy/Science: Some Lessons for Philosophy of History. History and Theory 50 (3):390-413.
    ABSTRACTRheinberger's brief history brings into sharp profile the importance of history of science for a philosophical understanding of historical practice. Rheinberger presents thought about the nature of science by leading scientists and their interpreters over the course of the twentieth century as emphasizing increasingly the local and developmental character of their learning practices, thus making the conception of knowledge dependent upon historical experience, “historicizing epistemology.” Linking his account of thought about science to his own work (...)
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  39.  20
    Peter Anstey & Michael Hunter (2008). Robert Boyle's 'Designe About Natural History'. Early Science and Medicine 13 (2):83-126.
    This paper provides an analysis of Robert Boyle's most detailed discussion of the Baconian method of natural history. In a long letter to Henry Oldenburg dated 13 June 1666 and in ancillary manuscript material, Boyle spells out the method or 'Designe' by which he believes experimental programs in natural philosophy should be written up. The 'Designe' is enormously important in giving a clear statement of the precise contours of Boyle's Baconian methodology and providing a key to understanding the (...)
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  40.  51
    Justin Sytsma (2012). Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Disputes. Essays in Philosophy (1):9.
    One view of philosophy that is sometimes expressed, especially by scientists, is that while philosophers are good at asking questions, they are poor at producing convincing answers. And the perceived divide between philosophical and scientific methods is often pointed to as the major culprit behind this lack of progress. Looking back at the history of philosophy, however, we find that this methodological divide is a relatively recent invention. Further, it is one that has been challenged over the past decade (...)
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  41.  14
    Frank W. Stahnisch (2005). Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Experimental Practice in Medicine and the Life Sciences. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (5):397-425.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss a key question in the history and philosophy of medicine, namely how scholars should treat the practices and experimental hypotheses of modern life science laboratories. The paper seeks to introduce some prominent historiographical methods and theoretical approaches associated with biomedical research. Although medical scientists need no convincing that experimentation has a significant function in their laboratory work, historians, philosophers, and sociologists long neglected its importance when examining changes in medical theories (...)
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  42.  65
    Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo (2016). Early Modern Experimental Philosophy. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell 87-102.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, (...)
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  43.  27
    Christophe Bonneuil (2006). Mendelism, Plant Breeding and Experimental Cultures: Agriculture and the Development of Genetics in France. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 39 (2):281 - 308.
    The article reevaluates the reception of Mendelism in France, and more generally considers the complex relationship between Mendelism and plant breeding in the first half on the 20th century. It shows on the one side that agricultural research and higher education institutions have played a key role in the development and institutionalization of genetics in France, whereas university biologists remained reluctant to accept this approach on heredity. But on the other side, plant breeders, and agricultural researchers, despite an interest in (...)
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  44. Frank Stahnisch (2012). Medicine, Life and Function: Experimental Strategies and Medical Modernity at the Intersection of Pathology and Physiology. Project Verlag.
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  45. Claude Bernard, Henry Copley Greene & Lawrence Joseph Henderson (1980). An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. Classics of Medicine Library.
     
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  46.  18
    Cesare Pastorino (2011). Weighing Experience: Experimental Histories and Francis Bacon's Quantitative Program. Early Science and Medicine 16 (6):542-570.
    Weighing of experience was a central concern of what Bacon called the “literate” stage of experimentation. As early as 1608, Bacon devised precise tenets for standard, quantitative reporting of experiments. These ideas were later integrated into his experimental histories proper. Bacon’s enquiry of dense and rare is the best example of experientia literata developed in a quantitative fashion. I suggest that Bacon’s ideas on this issue can be tied to experiments for the determination of specific gravities born in (...)
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  47.  13
    Robert Barnard & Joseph Ulatowski (forthcoming). Tarski’s 1944 Polemical Remarks and Naess’ “Experimental Philosophy". Erkenntnis:1-21.
    Many of Tarski’s better known papers are either about or include lengthy discussions of how to properly define various concepts: truth, logical consequence, semantic concepts, or definability. In general, these papers identify two primary conditions for successful definitions: formal correctness and material adequacy. Material adequacy requires that the concept expressed by the formal definition capture the intuitive content of truth. Our primary interest in this paper is to better understand Tarski’s thinking about material adequacy, and whether components of his view (...)
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  48.  22
    Peter Anstey (2012). Francis Bacon and the Classification of Natural History. Early Science and Medicine 17 (1-2):1-2.
  49.  16
    John Bock (2002). Learning, Life History, and Productivity. Human Nature 13 (2):161-197.
    This article introduces a new model of the relationship between growth and learning and tests a set of hypotheses related to the development of adult competency using time allocation, anthropometric, and experimental task performance data collected between 1992 and 1997 in a multiethnic community in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Building on seminal work in life history theory by Hawkes, Blurton Jones and associates, and Kaplan and associates, the punctuated development model presented here incorporates the effects of both growth (...)
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  50. Catherine Kendig (2013). Integrating History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences in Practice to Enhance Science Education: Swammerdam's Historia Insectorum Generalis and the Case of the Water Flea. Science and Education 22 (8):1939-1961.
    Hasok Chang (Science & Education 20:317–341, 2011) shows how the recovery of past experimental knowledge, the physical replication of historical experiments, and the extension of recovered knowledge can increase scientific understanding. These activities can also play an important role in both science and history and philosophy of science education. In this paper I describe the implementation of an integrated learning project that I initiated, organized, and structured to complement a course in history and philosophy of the life (...)
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