Search results for 'extensivity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gilbert Plumer (1984). Why Time is Extensive. Mind 93 (370):265-270.score: 12.0
    I attempt to show, via considering Schlesinger’s device of putting the word ‘now’ in capitals, that the transient view of time can explicate temporal extensivity without presupposing it, and the static view can’t. The argument hinges on the point that duration is generated by continuance of the present—such that ‘the present’ here is used in a nontechnical, nonindexical, and nonreflexive sense, which Schlesinger and others unknowingly give to the word ‘now’ (by “NOW” or “Now” or “’now’”).
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  2. Gabriel Uzquiano (forthcoming). Varieties of Indefinite Extensibility. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic.score: 6.0
    We look at two recent accounts of the indefinite extensibility of set, and compare them with a linguistic model of the indefinite extensibility. I suggest the linguistic model has much to recommend over extant accounts of the indefinite extensibility of set, and we defend it against three prima facie objections.
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  3. Victor Loughlin (2013). Sketch This: Extended Mind and Consciousness Extension. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):41-50.score: 6.0
    This paper will defend the claim that, under certain circumstances, the material vehicles responsible for an agent’s conscious experience can be partly constituted by processes outside the agent’s body. In other words, the consciousness of the agent can extend. This claim will be supported by the Extended Mind Thesis (EMT) example of the artist and their sketchpad (Clark 2001, 2003). It will be argued that if this example is one of EMT, then this example also supports an argument for consciousness (...)
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  4. Laureano Luna (2013). Indefinite Extensibility in Natural Language. The Monist 96 (2):295-308.score: 6.0
    The Monist’s call for papers for this issue ended: “if formalism is true, then it must be possible in principle to mechanize meaning in a conscious thinking and language-using machine; if intentionalism is true, no such project is intelligible”. We use the Grelling-Nelson paradox to show that natural language is indefinitely extensible, which has two important consequences: it cannot be formalized and model theoretic semantics, standard for formal languages, is not suitable for it. We also point out that object-object mapping (...)
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  5. Seth Miller (2011). A Review of “Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension”. [REVIEW] World Futures 66 (7):525-529.score: 6.0
    This essay critically reviews Andy Clark’s new book Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension, in which he argues that there are circumstances in which the mind, properly considered, is found to supervene on not only the brain, but the body and the external environment as well. This review summarizes Clark’s major contributions to this viewpoint for the general reader, then raises a few critical points that help to contextualize Clark’s claims, aims, and methods, while highlighting the book’s strengths (...)
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  6. Robert Trueman (2011). Propositional Functions in Extension. Theoria 77 (4):292-311.score: 6.0
    In his “The Foundations of Mathematics”, Ramsey attempted to marry the Tractarian idea that all logical truths are tautologies and vice versa, and the logicism of the Principia. In order to complete his project, Ramsey was forced to introduce propositional functions in extension (PFEs): given Ramsey's definitions of 1 and 2, without PFEs even the quantifier-free arithmetical truth that 1 ≠ 2 is not a tautology. However, a number of commentators have argued that the notion of PFEs is incoherent. This (...)
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  7. Laureano Luna (2012). Grim's Arguments Against Omniscience and Indefinite Extensibility. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 72 (2):89-101.score: 6.0
    Patrick Grim has put forward a set theoretical argument purporting to prove that omniscience is an inconsistent concept and a model theoretical argument for the claim that we cannot even consistently define omniscience. The former relies on the fact that the class of all truths seems to be an inconsistent multiplicity (or a proper class, a class that is not a set); the latter is based on the difficulty of quantifying over classes that are not sets. We first address the (...)
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  8. Ignacio Jané & Gabriel Uzquiano (2004). Well- and Non-Well-Founded Fregean Extensions. Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (5):437-465.score: 6.0
    George Boolos has described an interpretation of a fragment of ZFC in a consistent second-order theory whose only axiom is a modification of Frege's inconsistent Axiom V. We build on Boolos's interpretation and study the models of a variety of such theories obtained by amending Axiom V in the spirit of a limitation of size principle. After providing a complete structural description of all well-founded models, we turn to the non-well-founded ones. We show how to build models in which foundation (...)
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  9. Graham Priest (2013). Indefinite Extensibility—Dialetheic Style. Studia Logica 101 (6):1263-1275.score: 6.0
    In recent years, many people writing on set theory have invoked the notion of an indefinitely extensible concept. The notion, it is usually claimed, plays an important role in solving the paradoxes of absolute infinity. It is not clear, however, how the notion should be formulated in a coherent way, since it appears to run into a number of problems concerning, for example, unrestricted quantification. In fact, the notion makes perfectly good sense if one endorses a dialetheic solution to the (...)
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  10. Leigh Turner (2004). Life Extension Research: Health, Illness, and Death. Health Care Analysis 12 (2):117-129.score: 6.0
    Scientists, bioethicists, and policy makers are currently engaged in a contentious debate about the scientific prospects and morality of efforts to increase human longevity. Some demographers and geneticists suggest that there is little reason to think that it will be possible to significantly extend the human lifespan. Other biodemographers and geneticists argue that there might well be increases in both life expectancy and lifespan. Bioethicists and policy makers are currently addressing many of the ethical, social, and economic issues raised by (...)
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  11. Laureano Luna & William Taylor (2014). Taming the Indefinitely Extensible Definable Universe. Philosophia Mathematica 22 (2):198-208.score: 6.0
    In previous work in 2010 we have dealt with the problems arising from Cantor's theorem and the Richard paradox in a definable universe. We proposed indefinite extensibility as a solution. Now we address another definability paradox, the Berry paradox, and explore how Hartogs's cardinality theorem would behave in an indefinitely extensible definable universe where all sets are countable.
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  12. Agostinho Almeida (2009). Canonical Extensions and Relational Representations of Lattices with Negation. Studia Logica 91 (2):171 - 199.score: 6.0
    This work is part of a wider investigation into lattice-structured algebras and associated dual representations obtained via the methodology of canonical extensions. To this end, here we study lattices, not necessarily distributive, with negation operations. We consider equational classes of lattices equipped with a negation operation ¬ which is dually self-adjoint (the pair (¬,¬) is a Galois connection) and other axioms are added so as to give classes of lattices in which the negation is De Morgan, orthonegation, antilogism, pseudocomplementation or (...)
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  13. Massimo Pauri (2011). Epistemic Primacy Vs. Ontological Elusiveness of Spatial Extension: Is There an Evolutionary Role for the Quantum? Foundations of Physics 41 (11):1677-1702.score: 6.0
    A critical re-examination of the history of the concepts of space (including spacetime of general relativity and relativistic quantum field theory) reveals a basic ontological elusiveness of spatial extension, while, at the same time, highlighting the fact that its epistemic primacy seems to be unavoidably imposed on us (as stated by A.Einstein “giving up the extensional continuum … is like to breathe in airless space”). On the other hand, Planck’s discovery of the atomization of action leads to the fundamental recognition (...)
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  14. Guy Claessens (2012). Francesco Piccolomini on Prime Matter and Extension. Vivarium 50 (2):225-244.score: 6.0
    This paper examines the view held by Francesco Piccolomini (1523-1607) on the relation between prime matter and extension. In his discussion of prime matter in the Libri ad scientiam de natura attinentes Piccolomini develops a theory of prime matter that incorporates crucial elements of the viewpoint adhered to by the Neoplatonist Simplicius. The originality of Piccolomini’s undertaking is highlighted by contrasting it with the ideas found in Jacopo Zabarella’s De rebus naturalibus . The case of Piccolomini shows that, in order (...)
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  15. Miklós Ferenczi (2009). On Conservative Extensions in Logics with Infinitary Predicates. Studia Logica 92 (1):121 - 135.score: 6.0
    If the language is extended by new individual variables, in classical first order logic, then the deduction system obtained is a conservative extension of the original one. This fails to be true for the logics with infinitary predicates. But it is shown that restricting the commutativity of quantifiers and the equality axioms in the extended system and supposing the merry-go-round property in the original system, the foregoing extension is already conservative. It is shown that these restrictions are crucial for an (...)
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  16. Laureano Luna (2009). A Note On Formal Reasoning with Extensible Domain. The Reasoner 3 (7):5-6.score: 6.0
    Assuming the indefinite extensibility of any domain of quantification leads to reasoning with extensible domain semantics. It is showed that some theorems (e.g. Thomson's) in conventional semantics logic are not theorems in a logic provided with this new semantics.
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  17. Johan van Benthem (2002). Extensive Games as Process Models. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11 (3):289-313.score: 6.0
    We analyze extensive games as interactive process models, using modallanguages plus matching notions of bisimulation as varieties of gameequivalences. Our technical results show how to fit existing modalnotions into this new setting.
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  18. Aveek Bhattacharya & Robert Mark Simpson (2014). Life in Overabundance: Agar on Life-Extension and the Fear of Death. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (2):223-236.score: 6.0
    In Humanity’s End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement, Nicholas Agar presents a novel argument against the prospect of radical life-extension. Agar’s argument hinges on the claim that extended lifespans will result in people’s lives being dominated by the fear of death. Here we examine this claim and the surrounding issues in Agar’s discussion. We argue, firstly, that Agar’s view rests on empirically dubious assumptions about human rationality and attitudes to risk, and secondly, that even if those assumptions are granted, (...)
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  19. Yining Wu, Martin Caminada & Dov M. Gabbay (2009). Complete Extensions in Argumentation Coincide with 3-Valued Stable Models in Logic Programming. Studia Logica 93 (2/3):383 - 403.score: 6.0
    In this paper, we prove the correspondence between complete extensions in abstract argumentation and 3-valued stable models in logic programming. This result is in line with earlier work of [6] that identified the correspondence between the grounded extension in abstract argumentation and the well-founded model in logic programming, as well as between the stable extensions in abstract argumentation and the stable models in logic programming.
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  20. Claudio Calosi & Vincenzo Fano (forthcoming). Divisibility and Extension: A Note on Zeno's Argument Against Plurality and Modern Mereology. Acta Analytica:1-16.score: 6.0
    In this paper, we address an infamous argument against divisibility that dates back to Zeno. There has been an incredible amount of discussion on how to understand the critical notions of divisibility, extension, and infinite divisibility that are crucial for the very formulation of the argument. The paper provides new and rigorous definitions of those notions using the formal theories of parthood and location. Also, it provides a new solution to the paradox of divisibility which does not face some threats (...)
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  21. Alexej P. Pynko (2000). Subprevarieties Versus Extensions. Application to the Logic of Paradox. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):756-766.score: 6.0
    In the present paper we prove that the poset of all extensions of the logic defined by a class of matrices whose sets of distinguished values are equationally definable by their algebra reducts is the retract, under a Galois connection, of the poset of all subprevarieties of the prevariety generated by the class of the algebra reducts of the matrices involved. We apply this general result to the problem of finding and studying all extensions of the logic of paradox (viz., (...)
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  22. Ann-Sophie Barwich (2013). A Pluralist Approach to Extension: The Role of Materiality in Scientific Practice for the Reference of Natural Kind Terms. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 7 (2):100-108.score: 6.0
    This article argues for a different outlook on the concept of extension, especially for the reference of general terms in scientific practice. Scientific realist interpretations of the two predominant theories of meaning, namely Descriptivism and Causal Theory, contend that a stable cluster of descriptions or an initial baptism fixes the extension of a general term such as a natural kind term. This view in which the meaning of general terms is presented as monosemantic and the referents as stable, homogeneous, and (...)
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  23. I. Jane & G. Uzquiano (2004). Well-and Non-Well-Founded Fregean Extensions. Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (5):437--465.score: 6.0
    George Boolos has described an interpretation of a fragment of ZFC in a consistent second-order theory whose only axiom is a modification of Frege's inconsistent Axiom V. We build on Boolos's interpretation and study the models of a variety of such theories obtained by amending Axiom V in the spirit of a limitation of size principle. After providing a complete structural description of all well-founded models, we turn to the non-well-founded ones. We show how to build models in which foundation (...)
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  24. E. Algaba, J. M. Bilbao, J. R. Fernández & A. Jiménez (2004). The Lovász Extension of Market Games. Theory and Decision 56 (1-2):229-238.score: 6.0
    The multilinear extension of a cooperative game was introduced by Owen in 1972. In this contribution we study the Lovász extension for cooperative games by using the marginal worth vectors and the dividends. First, we prove a formula for the marginal worth vectors with respect to compatible orderings. Next, we consider the direct market generated by a game. This model of utility function, proposed by Shapley and Shubik in 1969, is the concave biconjugate extension of the game. Then we obtain (...)
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  25. B. A. Davey & H. A. Priestley (2012). Canonical Extensions and Discrete Dualities for Finitely Generated Varieties of Lattice-Based Algebras. Studia Logica 100 (1-2):137-161.score: 6.0
    The paper investigates completions in the context of finitely generated lattice-based varieties of algebras. In particular the structure of canonical extensions in such a variety $${\mathcal {A}}$$ is explored, and the role of the natural extension in providing a realisation of the canonical extension is discussed. The completions considered are Boolean topological algebras with respect to the interval topology, and consequences of this feature for their structure are revealed. In addition, we call on recent results from duality theory to show (...)
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  26. Rupert Friederichsen, Thai Thi Minh, Andreas Neef & Volker Hoffmann (2013). Adapting the Innovation Systems Approach to Agricultural Development in Vietnam: Challenges to the Public Extension Service. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (4):555-568.score: 6.0
    Competing models of innovation informing agricultural extension, such as transfer of technology, participatory extension and technology development, and innovation systems have been proposed over the last decades. These approaches are often presented as antagonistic or even mutually exclusive. This article shows how practitioners in a rural innovation system draw on different aspects of all three models, while creating a distinct local practice and discourse. We revisit and deepen the critique of Vietnam’s “model” approach to upland rural development, voiced a decade (...)
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  27. Evelyne Kiptot & Steven Franzel (2013). Voluntarism as an Investment in Human, Social and Financial Capital: Evidence From a Farmer-to-Farmer Extension Program in Kenya. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 31 (2):1-13.score: 6.0
    A decline in public sector extension services in developing countries has led to an increasing emphasis on alternative extension approaches that are participatory, demand-driven, client-oriented, and farmer centered. One such approach is the volunteer farmer-trainer (VFT) approach, a form of farmer-to-farmer extension where VFTs host demonstration plots and share information on improved agricultural practices within their community. VFTs are trained by extension staff and they in turn train other farmers. A study was conducted to understand the rationale behind the decisions (...)
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  28. E. K. Maranga (1998). A Review of Range Production and Management Extension Activities in Kenya. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 11 (2):131-144.score: 6.0
    The paper presents an overview of the development of range management extension activities in Kenya. The status quo of range management activities is discussed with particular reference to extension infrastructure, scope of extension interventions and mechanisms of dissemination of these innovations. On the basis of the nature of available innovations and efficiency of dissemination mechanisms, the paper emphasizes the need for future institutional reforms to facilitate successful application of technological interventions, validation of the Kenyan innovation Diffusion Model and enhancement of (...)
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  29. Alberto Marcone & Richard A. Shore (2011). The Maximal Linear Extension Theorem in Second Order Arithmetic. Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (5-6):543-564.score: 6.0
    We show that the maximal linear extension theorem for well partial orders is equivalent over RCA 0 to ATR 0. Analogously, the maximal chain theorem for well partial orders is equivalent to ATR 0 over RCA 0.
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  30. J. M. Alonso-Meijide, F. Carreras & M. G. Fiestras-Janeiro (2005). The Multilinear Extension and the Symmetric Coalition Banzhaf Value. Theory and Decision 59 (2):111-126.score: 6.0
    Alonso-Meijide and Fiestras-Janeiro (2002, Annals of Operations Research 109, 213–227) proposed a modification of the Banzhaf value for games where a coalition structure is given. In this paper we present a method to compute this value by means of the multilinear extension of the game. A real-world numerical example illustrates the application procedure.
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  31. Jose Luis Bermudez (2009). Truth, Indefinite Extensibility, and Fitch's Paradox. In Joe Salerno (ed.), New Essays on the Knowability Paradox. Oxford University Press.score: 6.0
    A number of authors have noted that the key steps in Fitch’s argument are not intuitionistically valid, and some have proposed this as a reason for an anti-realist to accept intuitionistic logic (e.g. Williamson 1982, 1988). This line of reasoning rests upon two assumptions. The first is that the premises of Fitch’s argument make sense from an anti-realist point of view – and in particular, that an anti-realist can and should maintain the principle that all truths are knowable. The second (...)
     
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  32. Susanne Fuchs-Seliger (2012). Order Extensions, Budget Correspondences, and Rational Choice. Theory and Decision 72 (4):431-444.score: 6.0
    This article is concerned with extensions of a continuous ordering R on a set X to a subset P(X) of the power set of X. The underlying topology will be the Hausdorff metric topology. We will see that continuous extensions of R do not require that P(X) contain every nonempty finite subset of X. Therefore, the analysis can be applied to consumer theory and inverse choice functions. In analogy to these functions budget correspondences are established which relate alternatives x with (...)
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  33. Lan Anh Hoang, Jean-Christophe Castella & Paul Novosad (2006). Social Networks and Information Access: Implications for Agricultural Extension in a Rice Farming Community in Northern Vietnam. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 23 (4):513-527.score: 6.0
    Village communities are not homogeneous entities but a combination of complex networks of social relationships. Many factors such as ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status, and power relations determine one’s access to information and resources. Development workers’ inadequate understanding of local social networks, norms, and power relations may further the interests of better-off farmers and marginalize the poor. This paper explores how social networks function as assets for individuals and households in the rural areas of developing countries and influence access to information (...)
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  34. Laurens Klerkx, Karin de Grip & Cees Leeuwis (2006). Hands Off but Strings Attached: The Contradictions of Policy-Induced Demand-Driven Agricultural Extension. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 23 (2):189-204.score: 6.0
    Although many governments have privatized their agricultural extension services, there is widespread agreement that the public sector still needs to play a role in the “agricultural knowledge market” in order to prevent market failure and other undesirable phenomena. However, appropriate mechanisms for intervention in the agricultural knowledge market are still in their infancy. This article discusses the case of the Nutrient Management Support Service (NMSS), a government-funded support service in The Netherlands designed to optimize the fit between the demand and (...)
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  35. Jennifer Marshall (2006). Life Extension Research: An Analysis of Contemporary Biological Theories and Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):87-96.score: 6.0
    Many opinions and ideas about aging exist. Biological theories have taken hold of the popular and scientific imagination as potential answers to a “cure” for aging. However, it is not clear what exactly is being cured or whether aging could be classified as a disease. Some scientists are convinced that aging will be biologically alterable and that the human lifespan will be vastly extendable. Other investigators believe that aging is an elusive target that may only be “statistically” manipulatable through a (...)
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  36. Oscar Ortiz (2006). Evolution of Agricultural Extension and Information Dissemination in Peru: An Historical Perspective Focusing on Potato-Related Pest Control. Agriculture and Human Values 23 (4):477-489.score: 6.0
    Multiplicity and continual change characterize the Peruvian agricultural knowledge and information system (AKIS), reflecting changes in the agricultural sector as a whole. The evolution of these changes can be traced back to the pre-Columbian era when a relatively stable and well-organized system based on indigenous knowledge prevailed. During colonial (1532–1821) and early Republican times (beginning 1821) several changes affecting the agricultural sector contributed to a weakening of indigenous knowledge systems. During the 20th century extension services provided by the government and (...)
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  37. Robert A. Pence & James I. Grieshop (2001). Mapping the Road for Voluntary Change: Partnerships in Agricultural Extension. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 18 (2):209-217.score: 6.0
    BIOS and BIFS are two California-based, small-scale alternative agricultural demonstration programs that define an applied Agriculture Partnership Model of extension. This model operates through a structure of local project leadership, a process of responsive farmer outreach and a primary goal of voluntary pesticide reduction. It reaches back to a Land Grant approach to extension of personal relationship, equal partnership, and collaborative learning. Overall findings from a systematic assessment of BIOS and BIFS imply that the operation and impacts of these two (...)
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  38. Benno Pokorny, Guilhermina Cayres & Westphalen Nunes (2005). Participatory Extension as Basis for the Work of Rural Extension Services in the Amazon. Agriculture and Human Values 22 (4):435-450.score: 6.0
    Public extension services play a key role in the implementation of strategies for rural development based on the sustainable management of natural resources. However, the sector suffers from restricted financial and human resources. Using experiences from participatory action research, a strategy for rural extension in the Amazon was defined to increase the efficiency and the relevance of external support for local resource users. This strategy considered activities initiated and coordinated by local people. Short-term facilitation visits provided continuous external support for (...)
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  39. Steven Horrobin (2006). Immortality, Human Nature, the Value of Life and the Value of Life Extension. Bioethics 20 (6):279–292.score: 5.0
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  40. Catherine Legg (1999). Extension, Intension and Dormitive Virtue. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 35 (4):654 - 677.score: 5.0
    Would be fairer to call Peirce’s philosophy of language “extensionalist” or “intensionalist”? The extensionalisms of Carnap and Quine are examined, and Peirce’s view is found to be prima facie similar, except for his commitment to the importance of “hypostatic abstraction”. Rather than dismissing this form of abstraction (famously derided by Molière) as useless scholasticism, Peirce argues that it represents a crucial (though largely unnoticed) step in much working inference. This, it is argued, allows Peirce to transcend the extensionalist-intensionalist dichotomy itself, (...)
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  41. John Schloendorn (2006). Making the Case for Human Life Extension: Personal Arguments. Bioethics 20 (4):191–202.score: 5.0
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  42. John Campbell (1982). Extension and Psychic State: Twin Earth Revisited. Philosophical Studies 42 (June):67-90.score: 5.0
    Argues that natural kind terms are token-reflexive, with reference ultimately fixed to the underlying explanatory properties of the surface qualities of local matter.
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  43. Patrick Suppes (1951). A Set of Independent Axioms for Extensive Quantities. Portugaliae Mathematica 10 (4):163-172.score: 5.0
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  44. Takashi Hayashi (2012). Expanding State Space and Extension of Beliefs. Theory and Decision 73 (4):591-604.score: 5.0
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  45. Stephen H. Ellis (1972). Interaction of Encoding and Retrieval in Relative Age Judgments: An Extension of the "Crossover" Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):291-294.score: 5.0
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  46. Anna Sierszulska (2005). Meinongian Extensions of Predicates. Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (2):145-163.score: 5.0
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  47. Emanuele Frittaion & Alberto Marcone (2012). Linear Extensions of Partial Orders and Reverse Mathematics. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 58 (6):417-423.score: 5.0
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  48. Kenji Fukuzaki (2012). Definability of the Ring of Integers in Some Infinite Algebraic Extensions of the Rationals. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 58 (4‐5):317-332.score: 5.0
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  49. Giangiacomo Gerla (1994). An Extension Principle for Fuzzy Logics. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (3):357-380.score: 5.0
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  50. Karla Hemming, Jane L. Hutton, Melissa J. Maguire & Anthony G. Marson (2008). Open Label Extension Studies and Patient Selection Biases. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):141-144.score: 5.0
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