Search results for 'family resemblance' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Massimo Pigliucci (2003). Species as Family Resemblance Concepts: The (Dis-)Solution of the Species Problem? Bioessays 25 (6):596-602.
    The so-called ‘‘species problem’’ has plagued evolution- ary biology since before Darwin’s publication of the aptly titled Origin of Species. Many biologists think the problem is just a matter of semantics; others complain that it will not be solved until we have more empirical data. Yet, we don’t seem to be able to escape discussing it and teaching seminars about it. In this paper, I briefly examine the main themes of the biological and philosophical liter- atures on the species problem, (...)
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  2. Sunil Vadera, Andres Rodriguez, Enrique Succar & Jia Wu (2008). Using Wittgenstein's Family Resemblance Principle to Learn Exemplars. Foundations of Science 13 (1):67-74.
    The introduction of the notion of family resemblance represented a major shift in Wittgenstein’s thoughts on the meaning of words, moving away from a belief that words were well defined, to a view that words denoted less well defined categories of meaning. This paper presents the use of the notion of family resemblance in the area of machine learning as an example of the benefits that can accrue from adopting the kind of paradigm shift (...)
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  3.  8
    Jaap van Brakel & M. A. Lin (2015). Extension of Family Resemblance Concepts as a Necessary Condition of Interpretation Across Traditions. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (4):475-497.
    In this paper we extend Wittgenstein’s notion of family resemblance to translation, interpretation, and comparison across traditions. There is no need for universals. This holds for everyday concepts such as green and qing 青, philosophical concepts such as emotion and qing 情, as well as philosophical categories such as form of life and dao 道. These notions as well as all other concepts from whatever tradition are family resemblance concepts. We introduce the notion of quasi-universal, which (...)
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  4.  19
    Neil Pickering (2013). Extending Disorder: Essentialism, Family Resemblance and Secondary Sense. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):185-195.
    It is commonly thought that mental disorder is a valid concept only in so far as it is an extension of or continuous with the concept of physical disorder. A valid extension has to meet two criteria: determination and coherence. Essentialists meet these criteria through necessary and sufficient conditions for being a disorder. Two Wittgensteinian alternatives to essentialism are considered and assessed against the two criteria. These are the family resemblance approach and the secondary sense approach. Where the (...)
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  5.  64
    Hanne Andersen (2000). Kuhn's Account of Family Resemblance: A Solution to the Problem of Wide-Open Texture. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 52 (3):313-337.
    It is a commonly raised argument against thefamily resemblance account of concepts that, on thisaccount, there is no limit to a concept's extension.An account of family resemblance which attempts toprovide a solution to this problem by including bothsimilarity among instances and dissimilarity tonon-instances has been developed by the philosopher ofscience Thomas Kuhn. Similar solutions have beenhinted at in the literature on family resemblanceconcepts, but the solution has never received adetailed investigation. I shall provide areconstruction of Kuhn's (...)
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  6. Hans Sluga (2006). Family Resemblance. Grazer Philosophische Studien 71 (1):1-21.
    Wittgenstein's remarks about family resemblance in the Philosophical Investigations should not be construed as implying a comprehensive theory of universals. They possess, rather, a defensive function in his exposition. The remarks allow one, nevertheless, to draw certain general conclusions about how Wittgenstein thought about concepts. Reflection on the notion of family resemblance reveals that kinship and similarity considerations intersect in it in a problematic fashion.
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  7.  55
    Gürol Irzık, Gurol Irzik & Robert Nola, A Family Resemblance Approach to the Nature of Science for Science Education.
    Although there is universal consensus both in the science education literature and in the science standards documents to the effect that students should learn not only the content of science but also its nature, there is little agreement about what that nature is. This led many science educators to adopt what is sometimes called “the consensus view” about the nature of science (NOS), whose goal is to teach students only those characteristics of science on which there is wide consensus. This (...)
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  8.  3
    Lin Ma & Jaap Brakel (2015). Revisiting Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance and Colour. Philosophical Investigations 39 (2).
    We argue that all general concepts are family resemblance concepts. These include concepts introduced by ostension, such as colour. Concepts of colour and of each of the specific colours are family resemblance concepts because similarities concerning an open-ended range of colour or of appearance features crop up and disappear. After discussing the notion of “same colour” and Wittgenstein's use of the phrase “our colours”, we suggest family resemblance concepts in one tradition can often be (...)
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  9.  17
    Pawel Garbacz (2013). Artefacts and Family Resemblance. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (3):419-447.
    I develop in this paper a conception of artefacts based on L. Wittgenstein’s idea of family resemblance. My approach peruses the notion of frame, which was invented in cognitive psychology as an operationisable extension of this philosophical idea. Following the metaphor of life-cycle I show how this schematic notion of frame may be filled with the content relevant for artefacts if we consider them from the point of view of their histories. The resulting conception of artefacts provides a (...)
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  10. Massimiliano Carrara, Pawel Garbacz & Pieter E. Vermaas (2011). If Engineering Function is a Family Resemblance Concept: Assessing Three Formalization Strategies. Applied Ontology 6 (2):141-163.
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  11. Michael Forster (2010). Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance Concepts. In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press
     
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  12. J. E. Llewelyn (1968). Family Resemblance. Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):344-346.
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  13. Pamela M. Huby (1968). Family Resemblance. Philosophical Quarterly 18 (70):66-67.
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  14.  2
    John Halliday (2001). Reason, Education and Liberalism: Family Resemblance Within an Overlapping Consensus. Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (3):225-234.
    This paper focuses on recent debates over the nature ofliberalism and its central feature of reason, both inside and outside ofeducational philosophy. Central ideas from Jonathan and Hirst contributeas do those from Rawls, Gadamer, Wittgenstein, Taylor, and Ackermantoward a less traditional contextualized and contingent view.
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  15.  53
    Hjalmar Wennerberg (1967). The Concept of Family Resemblance in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy. Theoria 33 (2):107-132.
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  16.  20
    David L. Miller (1972). The Meaning of Sameness or Family Resemblance in the Pragmatic Tradition. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 21:51-62.
  17.  41
    Michael A. Simon (1969). When is a Resemblance a Family Resemblance? Mind 78 (311):408-416.
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  18.  19
    L. Pompa (1967). Family Resemblance. Philosophical Quarterly 17 (66):63-69.
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  19.  4
    F. N. Milton & A. J. Wills (2008). The Influence of Perceptual Difficulty on Family Resemblance Sorting. In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society 2273--2278.
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  20.  14
    Keith Campbell (1965). Family Resemblance Predicates. American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (3):238 - 244.
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  21.  23
    Ardon Lyon (1968). Family Resemblance, Vagueness, and Change of Meaning. Theoria 34 (1):66-75.
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  22.  6
    Paul Alfred Hazard (1975). A Problem with Wittgenstein's « Family Resemblance ». Laval Théologique et Philosophique 31 (3):265.
  23.  12
    Richard D. Mohr (1977). Family Resemblance, Platonism, Universals. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):593 - 600.
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  24.  9
    D. S. Goldberg (2011). Eschewing Definitions of the Therapeutic Misconception: A Family Resemblance Analysis. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (3):296-320.
    Twenty-five years after the term "therapeutic misconception’ (TM) first entered the literature, most commentators agree that it remains widespread. However, the majority of scholarly attention has focused on the reasons why a patient cum human subject might confuse the goals of research with the goals of therapy. Although this paper addresses the social and cultural factors that seem to animate the TM among subjects, it also fills a niche in the literature by examining why investigators too might operate under a (...)
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  25.  9
    L. Pompa (1968). Family Resemblance: A Reply. Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):347-353.
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  26.  3
    Sheldon M. Cohen (1973). Family Resemblance in the Thirteenth Century. Philosophy 48 (186):391 - 394.
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  27. Sorin Bangu (2005). Later Wittgenstein On Essentialism, Family Resemblance And Philosophical Method. Metaphysica 6 (2):53-73.
     
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  28. B. Rundle (1983). Family Resemblance and Explanations of Meaning. Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 17 (40-41):53-63.
     
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  29.  9
    John B. Dilworth (1980). Representation and Resemblance. Philosophical Forum 12 (2):139.
    The concept of representation is a problematic one. So is that of resemblance or similarity. But both concepts can be clarified via a modification of Wittgenstein's notion of a "family-resemblance." I shall introduce an extended version of that notion, specifically relevant to representational objects, after presenting some arguments which show the need for it.
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  30.  41
    Ralph Weber (2014). Comparative Philosophy and the Tertium: Comparing What with What, and in What Respect? Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (2):151-171.
    Comparison is fundamental to the practice and subject-matter of philosophy, but has received scant attention by philosophers. This is even so in “comparative philosophy,” which literally distinguishes itself from other philosophy by being “comparative.” In this article, the need for a philosophy of comparison is suggested. What we compare with what, and in what respect it is done, poses a series of intriguing and intricate questions. In Part One, I offer a problematization of the tertium comparationis (the third of comparison) (...)
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  31.  3
    Kalevi Kull (forthcoming). The Biosemiotic Concept of the Species. Biosemiotics:1-11.
    Any biological species of biparental organisms necessarily includes, and is fundamentally dependent on, sign processes between individuals. In this case, the natural category of the species is based on family resemblances, which is why a species is not a natural kind. We describe the mechanism that generates the family resemblance. An individual recognition window and biparental reproduction almost suffice as conditions to produce species naturally. This is due to assortativity of mating which is not based on certain (...)
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  32.  9
    Hanne Andersen (2013). Conceptual Development and Dynamic Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):133-151.
    This paper focuses on Thomas S. Kuhn's work on taxonomic concepts and how it relates to empirical work from the cognitive sciences on categorization and conceptual development. I shall first review the basic features of Kuhn's family resemblance account and compare to work from the cognitive sciences. I shall then show how Kuhn's account can be extended to cover the development of new taxonomies in science, and I shall illustrate by a detailed case study that Kuhn himself mentioned (...)
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  33.  77
    Nöel Carroll (2012). Art in an Expanded Field: Wittgenstein and Aesthetics. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 42 (42):14-31.
    This article reviews the various ways in which the later writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein have been employed to address the question “What is Art?”. These include the family resemblance model, the cluster concept model and the form of life model. The article defends a version of the form of life approach. Also, addressed the charge that it would have been more profitable had aestheticians explored what Wittgenstein actually said about art instead of trying to extrapolate from his writings (...)
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  34. Jason Bridges (2010). Wittgenstein Vs Contextualism. In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press
    A critique of attempts by Charles Travis and others to read contextualism back into Philosophical Investigations. The central interpretive claim is that this reading is not only unsupported; it gets Wittgenstein's intent, in the parts of the text at issue, precisely backwards. The focus of the chapter is on Wittgenstein's treatment of explanation, understanding, proper names, and family-resemblance concepts.
     
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  35.  35
    Manuel García-Carpintero (2011). A Genealogical Notion. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):43-52.
    After a critical examination of several attempts to characterize the Analytic tradition in philosophy, in the book here discussed Hanjo Glock goes on to contend that Analytic Philosophy is “a tradition that is held together both by ties of influence and by a family of partially overlapping features”. Here I question the need to appeal to a “family resemblance” component, arguing instead (in part by drawing on related attempts to characterize art, art genres and art schools) for (...)
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  36.  21
    Douglas Huff (1981). Family Resemblances and Rule-Governed Behavior. Philosophical Investigations 4 (3):1-23.
  37.  15
    Rafael Ferber (1991). Wittgenstein Und Spengler. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 73 (2):188-207.
    In his Vermischte Bemerkungen 43, Wittgenstein notices that he was also influenced by Oswald Spengler. The paper deals with the question of in which way Spengler influenced Wittgenstein’s late works and if it really was influence or only a coincidence of ideas. It is put forward that Spengler’s rather unknown philosophy of language influenced Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language, especially the concepts of family resemblance, antiessentialism, and language-game (Sprachspiel). A picture of the famous Neapolitan gesture of “negation” which motivated (...)
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  38. Marc Ereshefsky (2010). Darwin's Solution to the Species Problem. Synthese 175 (3):405 - 425.
    Biologists and philosophers that debate the existence of the species category fall into two camps. Some believe that the species category does not exist and the term 'species' should be eliminated from biology. Others believe that with new biological insights or the application of philosophical ideas, we can be confident that the species category exists. This paper offers a different approach to the species problem. We should be skeptical of the species category, but not skeptical of the existence of those (...)
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  39.  1
    Wookyoung Jung & John E. Hummel (2015). Making Probabilistic Relational Categories Learnable. Cognitive Science 39 (6):1259-1291.
    Theories of relational concept acquisition based on structured intersection discovery predict that relational concepts with a probabilistic structure ought to be extremely difficult to learn. We report four experiments testing this prediction by investigating conditions hypothesized to facilitate the learning of such categories. Experiment 1 showed that changing the task from a category-learning task to choosing the “winning” object in each stimulus greatly facilitated participants' ability to learn probabilistic relational categories. Experiments 2 and 3 further investigated the mechanisms underlying this (...)
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  40.  40
    Hans-Johann Glock (2004). Was Wittgenstein an Analytic Philosopher? Metaphilosophy 35 (4):419-444.
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  41.  36
    Christopher Shields (2012). The Dialectic of Life. Synthese 185 (1):103-124.
    In the dialectic of debates about the extension of life, one witnesses a predictably repeating pattern: one side appeals to a motley of variegated criteria for something’s qualifying as a living system, only to find an opposite side taking issue with the individual necessity or collective sufficiency of the proposed criteria. Some of these criteria tend to cluster with one another, while others do not: metabolism, growth and reproduction; self-organization and homeostasis; an ability to decrease internal entropy by the appropriation (...)
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  42.  2
    Margit Sutrop (2016). What is Estonian Philosophy? Studia Philosophica Estonica 8 (2):4-64.
    What is Estonian Philosophy? What is Estonian Philosophy?
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  43.  45
    T. Mooney, John N. Williams & Mark Nowacki (2011). Kovesi and the Formal and Material Elements of Concepts. Philosophia 39 (4):699-720.
    In his seminal work Moral Notions , Julius Kovesi presents a novel account of concept formation. At the heart of this account is a distinction between what he terms the material element and the formal element of concepts. This paper elucidates his distinction in detail and contrasts it with other distinctions such as form-matter, universal-particular, genus-difference, necessary-sufficient, and open texture-closed texture. We situate Kovesi’s distinction within his general philosophical method, outlining his views on concept formation in general and explain how (...)
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  44.  18
    Anthony Manser (1967). Games and Family Resemblances. Philosophy 42 (161):210 - 225.
    In his Philosophical Investigations , Wittgenstein introduces the notion of a ‘family resemblance’ to deal with certain problems. Talking of games and what they seem to have in common, he points out that there are no common features in virtue of which we call all games ‘games’. Instead there are, he claims, many different similarities and relationships; he says ‘we see a complicated network of similarities overlapping and criss-crossing: sometimes overall similarities, sometimes similarities of detail’. He then goes (...)
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  45.  49
    Hanne Andersen (2001). Reference and Resemblance. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S50-.
    Many discussions between realists and non-realists have centered on the issue of reference, especially whether there is referential stability during theory change. In this paper, I shall summarize the debate, sketching the problems that remain within the two opposing positions, and show that both have ended on their own slippery slope, sliding away from their original position toward that of their opponents. In the search for a viable intermediate position, I shall then suggest an account of reference which, to a (...)
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  46.  8
    Dale Jacquette (2012). Faith as a Mustard Seed. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 17 (2):141-173.
  47.  13
    James E. Bellaimey (1990). Family Resemblances and the Problem of the Under-Determination of Extension. Philosophical Investigations 13 (1):31-43.
    This dissertation presents an objection to Wittgenstein's concept of family resemblances, three possible solutions to the objection, evaluations of the solutions, and a sketch of Wittgenstein's approach to the objection. My thesis is that none of the three proposed solutions is satisfactory, but that Wittgenstein can deal with the objection. ;Chapter I presents the Problem of the Under-Determination of Extension, the claim that family resemblances are not enough to explain the extension of a concept, since resemblances may be (...)
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  48. Timothy J. Carlson (2009). Patterns of Resemblance of Order 2. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 158 (1):90-124.
    We will investigate patterns of resemblance of order 2 over a family of arithmetic structures on the ordinals. In particular, we will show that they determine a computable well ordering under appropriate assumptions.
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  49.  7
    M. W. Rowe (1992). The Definition of 'Game'. Philosophy 67 (262):467 - 479.
    Besides its intrinsic interest, the definition of ‘game’ is important for three reasons. Firstly, in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations ‘game’ is the paradigm family resemblance concept. If he is wrong in thinking that ‘game’ cannot be defined, then the persuasive force of his argument against definition generally will be considerably weakened. This, in its turn, will have important consequences for our understanding of concepts and philosophical method. Secondly, Wittgenstein's later writings are full of analogies drawn from games—chess alone is (...)
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  50. Tina Rulli (2014). Preferring a Genetically-Related Child. Brill.
    _ Source: _Page Count 30 Millions of children worldwide could benefit from adoption. One could argue that prospective parents have a pro tanto duty to adopt rather than create children. For the sake of argument, I assume there is such a duty and focus on a pressing objection to it. Prospective parents may prefer that their children are genetically related to them. I examine eight reasons prospective parents have for preferring genetic children: for parent-child physical resemblance, for family (...)
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