Search results for 'formal identity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stephen Pimentel (2006). Formal Identity as Isomorphism in Thomistic Philosophy of Mind. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:115-126.score: 180.0
    A central problem within an influential strand of recent philosophy of mind has been to explain the “conformity of mind to thing” that characterizes knowledge. John Haldane has argued that this problem can be best addressed by a development of Thomas Aquinas’s account of the “formal identity” of the knowing subject with the object known. However, such a development is difficult to present in a manner perspicuous to a contemporary audience. This paper seeks to present a persuasive account (...)
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  2. Katherine Hawley, Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis.score: 144.0
    Jointly, separately, and in collaboration with others, Steven French and Décio Krause have been central to recent debates about identity and individuality in modern physics; their new book draws together many threads, and is interesting in all sorts of ways. It’s not an easy read, because it ranges wide and digs deep: you’ll need some knowledge of physics to get anywhere, you’ll need an idea of Who Was Who amongst the Great Physicists to follow the historical sections, and you’ll (...)
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  3. Adonai S. Sant'anna (2010). Review: Identity in Physics: A Historical Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. [REVIEW] Principia 10 (1):105-108.score: 144.0
    REVIEWS FRENCH, Steven& KRAUSE, Décio. Identity in Physics: a Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
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  4. Steven French (2006). Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. Oxford University Press.score: 138.0
    Steven French and Decio Krause examine the metaphysical foundations of quantum physics. They draw together historical, logical, and philosophical perspectives on the fundamental nature of quantum particles and offer new insights on a range of important issues. Focusing on the concepts of identity and individuality, the authors explore two alternative metaphysical views; according to one, quantum particles are no different from books, tables, and people in this respect; according to the other, they most certainly are. Each view comes with (...)
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  5. Don Howard, Are Elementary Particles Individuals? A Critical Appreciation of Steven French and Décio Krause's Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis.score: 126.0
    Steven French and Décio Krause have written what bids fair to be, for years to come, the definitive philosophical treatment of the problem of the individuality of elementary particles in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The book begins with a long and dense argument for the view that elementary particles are most helpfully regarded as non-individuals, and it concludes with an earnest attempt to develop a formal apparatus for describing such non-individual entities better suited to the task than (...)
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  6. James Ladyman (2007). Review of Steven French, Dcio Krause, Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (6).score: 120.0
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  7. Lawrence D. Roberts (1985). Problems About Material and Formal Modes in the Necessity of Identity. Journal of Philosophy 82 (10):562-572.score: 120.0
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  8. J. C. Pniower (2008). Review: Steven French and Decio Krause: Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (467):693-696.score: 120.0
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  9. William Rehg (1995). Review Essay : Existentialism and Formal Pragmatics: Martin J. Matu Tík, Postnational Identity: Critical Theory and Existential Philosophy in Habermas, Kierkegaard, and Havel. (New York: Guilford, 1993. Philosophy and Social Criticism 21 (2):135-140.score: 120.0
  10. M. MassiMi (2007). Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis, S. French and D. Krause: Oxford University Press, Oxford (2006) (448 Pp. £55.00, Hardcover), ISBN-10:0-19-927824-. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (4):992-995.score: 120.0
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  11. Michael Levin (1994). A Formal Treatment of Gene Identity, Genetic Causation, and Related Notions. Behavior and Philosophy 22 (2):49 - 58.score: 120.0
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  12. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio (2012). Towards a Formal Account of Identity Criteria. In. In Majda Trobok Nenad Miščević & Berislav Žarnić (eds.), Between Logic and Reality. Springer. 227--242.score: 120.0
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  13. E. Castellani & L. Crosilla (forthcoming). On French and Krause's Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical and Formal Analysis. Metascience.score: 120.0
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  14. Palit Piyali (2009). Reasoning and Religious Identity: A Formal Approach. International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2:51-61.score: 120.0
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  15. Justin C. Pniower (2008). Review: Steven French and Décio Krause: Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (467):693-696.score: 120.0
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  16. Karolina Hübner (forthcoming). Spinoza's Parallelism Doctrine and Metaphysical Sympathy. In Eric Schliesser Christa Mercer (ed.), Sympathy: Oxford Philosophical Concepts.score: 72.0
    This paper argues that Spinoza's famous 'parallelism doctrine', put forth in E2p7,c,s, be read as a revival of the ancient metaphysical doctrine of sympathy -- of the idea of an order, or connection, of things (connexio rerum). The paper shows that it is the following two concepts that are most important for understanding this aspect of Spinoza's parallelism doctrine: (i) the Cartesian and Scholastic categories of “formal” and “objective” “reality”; (ii) the notion of identity. For, the paper argues, (...)
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  17. Pawe? Garbacz (2002). Logics of Relative Identity. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 43 (1):27-50.score: 72.0
    This paper is the first part of an exploration into the logical properties of relative identity. After providing the semantic grounds for various monadic logics of relative identity, I define the minimal system and its nine extensions. It is suggested that despite their purely formal origin at least some of them may contain nontrivial philosophical insights. All logics are axiomatized by means of sound and complete sequent calculi. I show their affinities with existing formalizations.
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  18. James Ladyman, Øystein Linnebo & Richard Pettigrew (2012). Identity and Discernibility in Philosophy and Logic. Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (1):162-186.score: 66.0
    Questions about the relation between identity and discernibility are important both in philosophy and in model theory. We show how a philosophical question about identity and dis- cernibility can be ‘factorized’ into a philosophical question about the adequacy of a formal language to the description of the world, and a mathematical question about discernibility in this language. We provide formal definitions of various notions of discernibility and offer a complete classification of their logical relations. Some new (...)
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  19. Danny Frederick (2013). Singular Terms, Predicates and the Spurious 'Is' of Identity. Dialectica 67 (3):325-343.score: 66.0
    Contemporary orthodoxy affirms that singular terms cannot be predicates and that, therefore, ‘is’ is ambiguous as between predication and identity. Recent attempts to treat names as predicates do not challenge this orthodoxy. The orthodoxy was built into the structure of modern formal logic by Frege. It is defended by arguments which I show to be unsound. I provide a semantical account of atomic sentences which draws upon Mill's account of predication, connotation and denotation. I show that singular terms (...)
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  20. Michael Bendixen & Russell Abratt (2007). Corporate Identity, Ethics and Reputation in Supplier–Buyer Relationships. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (1):69 - 82.score: 66.0
    Multi-national corporations (MNCs) have been criticised for not behaving ethically in some situations, which could have a negative effect on their reputation. This study examines the ethics of a large MNC in its relationship with its suppliers. A brief literature review of corporate identity, business ethics and buyer–supplier relationships is undertaken. The views and perceptions of the buying staff and the suppliers to a large South African MNC are obtained and discussed. The results indicate that this MNC has a (...)
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  21. P. Garbacz (2004). Subsumption and Relative Identity. Axiomathes 14 (4):341-360.score: 66.0
    This paper is a modification of Nicola Guarino and Christopher Welty's conception of the subsumption relation. Guarino and Welty require that that whether one property may subsume the other should depend on the modal metaproperties of those properties. I argue that the part of their account that concerns the metaproperty carrying a criterion of identity is essentially flawed. Subsequently, I propose to constrain the subsumption relation not, as Guarino and Welty require, by means of incompatible criteria of absolute (...) but by means of incompatible criteria of relative identity. After discussing the benefits of applying relative identity in ontological investigations I provide a formal framework in which to prove a counterpart of the identity criteria constraint. (shrink)
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  22. Nicholas Griffin (1977). Relative Identity. Clarendon Press.score: 66.0
    The author attacks the view that identity, Like largeness, Is a relative relation. The primary advocate of the view that identity is relative is p.T. Geach. It is argued that geach has not shown that the failure of the identity of indiscernibles principle, As a truth of logic, Forces us to stop taking indiscernibility within particular formal theories or languages as a sufficient condition for identity. The author also argues that the whole notion of relative (...)
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  23. Elena Baltuta (2013). Aquinas on Intellectual Cognition: The Case of Intelligible Species. Philosophia 41 (3):589-602.score: 66.0
    The paper argues in favour of a direct realist reading of Aquinas’s theory of intelligible species, in opposition to the recent representationalist challenges. In order to secure the direct realist reading, the paper follows three steps: a short description of Aquinas’s process of cognition, a survey of the direct realist arguments and the analysis of the representationalist interpretation. The final step consists of investigating the representationalist reading as it is suggested by two scholars, Claude Panaccio in Aquinas on Intellectual Representation (...)
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  24. Nicholas H. Smith (1997). Strong Hermeneutics: Contingency and Moral Identity. Routledge.score: 66.0
    Strong Hermeneutics presents a compelling case for the importance of hermeneutics in understanding ethics today. It provides a critical comparison of the enlightenment view of ethics with the postmodern or "weak" view of ethics. The weak view, which Nicholas H. Smith traces back to Nietzsche and identifies in the recent work of Rorty and Lyotard, is skeptical of any universal principles in ethics. The enlightenment view, starting with Kant and taken up in the work of Habermas, casts identity as (...)
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  25. Ingvar Johansson (2008). Formalizing Common Sense: An Operator-Based Approach to the Tibbles–Tib Problem. Synthese 163 (2):217 - 225.score: 58.0
    The paper argues, that a direct formalization of the way common sense thinks about the numerical identity of enduring entities, requires that traditional predicate logic is developed. If everyday language mirrors the world, then persons, organisms, organs, cells, and ordinary material things can lose some parts but nonetheless remain numerically exactly the same entity. In order to formalize this view, two new logical operators are introduced; and they bring with them some non-standard syntax. One of the operators is called (...)
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  26. David Wiggins (2012). Identity, Individuation and Substance. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.score: 54.0
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation.It is contended that the key to this (...)
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  27. Bart van Leeuwen (2007). A Formal Recognition of Social Attachments: Expanding Axel Honneth's Theory of Recognition. Inquiry 50 (2):180 – 205.score: 54.0
    Axel Honneth draws a distinction between three types of recognition: (1) love, (2) respect and (3) social esteem. In his The Struggle for Recognition, the recognition of cultural particularity is situated in the third sphere. It will here be argued that the logic of recognition of cultural identity also demands a non-evaluative recognition, namely a respect for difference. Difference-respect is formal because it is a recognition of the value of a particular culture not "for society" or "as such", (...)
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  28. Stephen D. Dumont (2005). Duns Scotus's Parisian Question on the Formal Distinction. Vivarium 43 (1):7-62.score: 54.0
    The degree of realism that Duns Scotus understood his formal distinction to have implied is a matter of dispute going back to the fourteenth century. Both modern and medieval commentators alike have seen Scotus's later, Parisian treament of the formal distinction as less realist in the sense that it would deny any extra-mentally separate formalities or realities. This less realist reading depends in large part on a question known to scholars only in the highly corrupt edition of Luke (...)
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  29. Joshua Schechter (2011). Weakly Classical Theories of Identity. Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (4):607-644.score: 54.0
    There are well-known quasi-formal arguments that identity is a "strict" relation in at least the following three senses: (1) There is a single identity relation and a single distinctness relation; (2) There are no contingent cases of identity or distinctness; and (3) There are no vague or indeterminate cases of identity or distinctness. However, the situation is less clear cut than it at first may appear. There is a natural formal theory of identity (...)
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  30. Richard Heck, Is Indeterminate Identity Incoherent?score: 54.0
    In "Counting and Indeterminate Identity", N. Ángel Pinillos develops an argument that there can be no cases of `Split Indeterminate Identity'. Such a case would be one in which it was indeterminate whether a=b and indeterminate whether a=c, but determinately true that b≠c. The interest of the argument lies, in part, in the fact that it appears to appeal to none of the controversial claims to which similar arguments due to Gareth Evans and Nathan Salmon appeal. I argue (...)
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  31. Colin McGinn (2000). Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth. Oxford University Press.score: 54.0
    Identity, existence, predication, necessity, and truth are vital concepts at the center of philosophy. Yet Colin McGinn believes that orthodox views of these topics are misguided in important ways. Philosophers and logicians have often distorted the nature of these concepts in an attempt to define them according to preconceived ideas. Logical Properties aims to respect the ordinary ways we talk and think when we employ these concepts, while at the same time showing that they are far more interesting and (...)
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  32. Einar Bohn, Composition as Identity: A Study in Ontology and Philosophical Logic.score: 54.0
    In this work I first develop, motivate, and defend the view that mereological composition, the relation between an object and all its parts collectively, is a relation of identity. I argue that this view implies and hence can explain the logical necessity of classical mereology, the formal study of the part-whole relation. I then critically discuss four contemporary views of the same kind. Finally, I employ my thesis in a recent discussion of whether the world is fundamentally one (...)
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  33. Vincent Michael Colapietro (2006). Toward a Pragmatic Conception of Practical Identity. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (2):173-205.score: 54.0
    : The author of this paper explores a central strand in the complex relationship between Peirce and Kant. He argues, against Kant (especially as reconstructed by Christine Korsgaard), that the practical identity of the self-critical agent who undertakes a Critic of reason (as Peirce insisted upon translating this expression) needs to be conceived in substantive, not purely formal, terms. Thus, insofar as there is a reflexive turn in Peirce, it is quite far from the transcendental turn taken by (...)
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  34. Max A. Freund (2000). A Complete and Consistent Formal System for Sortals. Studia Logica 65 (3):367-381.score: 54.0
    A formal logical system for sortal quantifiers, sortal identity and (second order) quantification over sortal concepts is formulated. The absolute consistency of the system is proved. A completeness proof for the system is also constructed. This proof is relative to a concept of logical validity provided by a semantics, which assumes as its philosophical background an approach to sortals from a modern form of conceptualism.
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  35. Gary Lee Downey, Juan C. Lucena & Carl Mitcham (2007). Engineering Ethics and Identity: Emerging Initiatives in Comparative Perspective. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):463-487.score: 54.0
    This article describes and accounts for variable interests in engineering ethics in France, Germany, and Japan by locating recent initiatives in relation to the evolving identities of engineers. A key issue in ethics education for engineers concerns the relationship between the identity of the engineer and the responsibilities of engineering work. This relationship has varied significantly over time and from place to place around the world. One methodological strategy for sorting out similarities and differences in engineers’ identities is to (...)
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  36. Philip Kremer (1999). Relevant Identity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (2):199-222.score: 54.0
    We begin to fill a lacuna in the relevance logic enterprise by providing a foundational analysis of identity in relevance logic. We consider rival interpretations of identity in this context, settling on the relevant indiscernibility interpretation, an interpretation related to Dunn's relevant predication project. We propose a general test for the stability of an axiomatisation of identity, relative to this interpretation, and we put various axiomatisations to this test. We fill our discussion out with both formal (...)
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  37. Dale Jacquette (2011). Modal Objection to Naive Leibnizian Identity. History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (2):107 - 118.score: 54.0
    This essay examines an argument of perennial importance against naive Leibnizian absolute identity theory, originating with Ruth Barcan in 1947 (Barcan, R. 1947. ?The identity of individuals in a strict functional 3 calculus of second order?, Journal of Symbolic Logic, 12, 12?15), and developed by Arthur Prior in 1962 (Prior, A.N. 1962. Formal Logic. Oxford: The Clarendon Press), presented here in the form offered by Nicholas Griffin in his 1977 book, Relative Identity (Griffin, N. 1977. Relative (...)
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  38. Eli Hirsch (1999). The Vagueness of Identity. Philosophical Topics 26 (1/2):139-158.score: 54.0
    The Evans-Salmon position on vague identity has deservedly elicited a large response in the literature. I think it is in fact among the most provocative metaphysical ideas to appear in recent years. I will try to show in this paper, however, that the position is vulnerable to a fundamental criticism that seems to have been virtually ignored in the many discussions of it. I take the Evans-Salmon position to consist of the following two theses: Thesis I. There cannot be (...)
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  39. Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Décio Krause (2013). Why Non-Individuality? A Discussion on Individuality, Identity, and Cardinality in the Quantum Context. Erkenntnis (1):1-18.score: 54.0
    Recently, in the debate about the ontology of quantum mechanics some authors have defended the view that quantum particles are individuals in a primitive sense, so that individuality should be preferred over non-individuality (the alternative option). Primitive individuality involves two main claims: (1) every item is identical with itself and (2) it is distinct from every other item. Non-relativistic quantum mechanics is said to provide positive evidence for that position, since in every situation comprising multiple particles there is a well-defined (...)
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  40. Paolo Bouquet, Heiko Stoermer & Massimiliano Vignolo (2012). Web of Data and Web of Entities: Identity and Reference in Interlinked Data in the Semantic Web. Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):5-26.score: 54.0
    Using web standards, such as uniform resource identifiers (URIs), XML and HTTP, for naming and describing resources which are not information objects is the key difference between the Web as we know it today and the Semantic Web. Naming and interlinking this type of resources by HTTP URIs (instead of individual constants in a formal language) is the key feature which distinguishes traditional knowledge representation from web-scale knowledge representation. However, this use of URIs brought back attention to the old (...)
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  41. Fernando Aguiar, Pablo Brañas-Garza, Maria Paz Espinosa & Luis M. Miller (2010). Personal Identity: A Theoretical and Experimental Analysis. Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (3):261-275.score: 54.0
    This paper aims to analyze the role of personal identity in altruism. To this end, it starts by reviewing critically the growing literature on economics and identity. Considering the ambiguities that the concept of social identity poses, our proposal focuses on the concept of personal identity. A formal model to study how personal identity enters in individuals' utility function when facing a dictator game decision is then presented. Finally, this ?identity-based? utility function is (...)
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  42. Peter Simons (1994). New Categories for Formal Ontology. Grazer Philosophische Studien 49:77-99.score: 54.0
    What primitive concepts does formal ontology require? Forsaking as too indirect the linguistic way of discerning the categories of being, this paper considers what primitives might be required for representing things in themselves (noumena) and representations of them in a thoroughly crafted large autonomous multi-purpose database. Leaving logical concepts and material ontology aside, the resulting 32 categories in 13 families range from the obvious (identity/difference, existence/non-existence) through the fairly obvious (part/whole, one/many, sequential order) and the surprisingly familiar (illocutionary (...)
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  43. John N. Martin (1982). Negation, Ambiguity, and the Identity Test. Journal of Semantics 1 (3-4):251-274.score: 54.0
    Negation has been closely tied to semantic presupposition since the concept was first discussed. In most accounts there is a definition or a theorem to the effect that A presupposes B if and only if A and the negation of A, in one sense of negation, both entail B. The multiple senses of negation assumed by such principles have been criticized and along with it the concept of presupposition. Indeed one of the most interesting arguments against semantic presupposition is the (...)
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  44. Bruce Johnsen (1989). Is Vague Identity Incoherent? Analysis 49 (3):103 - 112.score: 54.0
    Two purported proofs of the incoherence of vague identity are considered. First gareth evans's attempt is criticized and reformulated to overcome certain formal difficulties. Despite the reformulation, However, Evans's proof is demonstrated invalid in accord with a supervaluational approach. Next nathan salmon's attempt is evaluated. Here the problem is salmon's implicit assumption of a version of leibniz's law which is stronger than that strictly guaranteed by the law as it is given in classical logic. The question is raised (...)
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  45. Katherine Hawley June, Cut the Pie Any Way You Like? Cotnoir on General Identity.score: 54.0
    Aaron Cotnoir does all sorts of interesting things in his contribution to this volume. He makes a helpful distinction between syntactic and semantic objections to the thesis that composition is identity, and outlines some empirical points relevant to the syntactic issue. But the centrepiece is his development of a formal framework for addressing the semantic objections.
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  46. Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1981). Completeness Theorems for Two Propositional Logics in Which Identity Diverges From Mutual Entailment. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 22 (3):269-282.score: 54.0
    Anderson and Belnap devise a model theory for entailment on which propositional identity equals proposional coentailment. This feature can be reasonably questioned. The authors devise two extensions of Anderson and Belnap’s model theory. Both systems preserve Anderson and Belnap’s results for entailment, but distinguish coentailment from identity.
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  47. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio, On the Logical Adequacy of Identity Criteria.score: 54.0
    From a logical point of view, identity criteria should mirror the identity relation in being reflexive, symmetrical, and transitive. However, the relation representing the identity condition fails to be transitive in many cases. We consider the proposals given so far to give logical adequacy to inadequate identity conditions. We focus on the most refined proposal and expand its formal framework by taking into account two further aspects that we consider essential in the formal treatment (...)
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  48. Gary Alan Fine (2003). Crafting Authenticity: The Validation of Identity in Self-Taught Art. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 32 (2):153-180.score: 54.0
    The desire for authenticity now occupies a central position in contemporary culture. Whether in our search for selfhood, leisure experience, or in our material purchases, we search for the real, the genuine. These terms are not, however, descriptive, but must be situated and defined by audiences. In this analysis, I examine the development of the market for self-taught art, an artistic domain in which the authentic is a central defining feature, conferring value on objects and creators. Self-taught art is a (...)
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  49. J. Simek, L. Zamykalova & M. Mesanyova (2010). Ethics Committee or Community? Examining the Identity of Czech Ethics Committees in the Period of Transition. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):548-552.score: 54.0
    Reflecting on a three year long exploratory research of ethics committees in the Czech Republic authors discuss the current role and identity of research ethics committees. The research of Czech ethics committees focused on both self-presentation and self-understanding of ECs members, and how other stakeholders (representatives of the pharmaceutical industry) view them. The exploratory research was based on formal and informal communication with the members of the ethics committees. Members of the research team took part at six regular (...)
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