Search results for 'forms' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Polycarp Ikuenobe (2011). Conceptualizing Racism and Its Subtle Forms. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (2):161-181.score: 24.0
    Many people are talking about being in a post-racial era, which implies that we have overcome race and racism. Their argument is based on the fact that manyof the virulent manifestations of racism are not prevalent today. I argue that racism is not seen as prevalent today because the commonplace views of racism fail to capture the more subtle and insidious new forms of racism. I critically examine some of these views and indicate that racism, its forms and (...)
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  2. Jeff Stickney (2008). Wittgenstein's 'Relativity': Training in Language-Games and Agreement in Forms of Life. Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (5):621-637.score: 24.0
    Taking Wittgenstein's love of music as my impetus, I approach aporetic problems of epistemic relativity through a round of three overlapping (canonical) inquiries delivered in contrapuntal (higher and lower) registers. I first take up the question of scepticism surrounding 'groundless knowledge' and contending paradigms in On Certainty (physics versus oracular divination, or realism versus idealism) with attention given to the role of 'bedrock' certainties in providing stability amidst the Heraclitean flux. I then look into the formation of sedimented bedrock knowledge, (...)
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  3. Domènec Melé (2005). Exploring the Principle of Subsidiarity in Organisational Forms. Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3):293 - 305.score: 24.0
    The paper starts with a case study of a medium-sized company in which a strong and successful change in the organisational form and job design took place. A bureaucratic organisation with highly-specialised jobs was converted into a new organisation in which employees became much more autonomous in managing their own work. This not only entailed new techniques and managerial systems but also a new anthropological vision. Bureaucratic rules were reduced, but not eliminated completely, and management became less authoritarian. Employees could (...)
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  4. Pieter dHoine (2011). Aristotles Criticism of Non-Substance Forms and its Interpretation by the Neoplatonic Commentators. Phronesis 56 (3):262-307.score: 24.0
    Aristotle's criticism of Platonic Forms in the Metaphysics has been a major source for the understanding and developments of the theory of Forms in later Antiquity. One of the cases in point is Aristotle's argument, in Metaphysics I 9, 990b22-991a2, against Forms of non-substances. In this paper, I will first provide a careful analysis of this passage. Next, I will discuss how the argument has been interpreted - and refuted - by the fifth-century Neoplatonists Syrianus and Proclus. (...)
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  5. Marnie Hughes-Warrington (1997). Collingwood and the Early Paul Hirst on the Forms of Experience-Knowledge and Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 45 (2):156 - 173.score: 24.0
    Paul Hirst's 'forms of knowledge' thesis has been the subject of much discussion and debate in educational circles. Hirst's claim that such forms exist is not original but, as R. S. Peters claimed, his account is distinctive in its application to the school curriculum. This paper calls for a revision of Peters's claim on the grounds that R. G. Collingwood's writings on the forms of experience not only refer to the school curriculum, but also point up an (...)
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  6. Catherine Legg (2008). Argument-Forms Which Turn Invalid Over Infinite Domains: Physicalism as Supertask? Contemporary Pragmatism 5 (1):1-11.score: 24.0
    Argument-forms exist which are valid over finite but not infinite domains. Despite understanding of this by formal logicians, philosophers can be observed treating as valid arguments which are in fact invalid over infinite domains. In support of this claim I will first present an argument against the classical pragmatist theory of truth by Mark Johnston. Then, more ambitiously, I will suggest the fallacy lurks in certain arguments for physicalism taken for granted by many philosophers today.
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  7. Maria Isabel Aldinhas Ferreira (2012). Interactive Bodies: The Semiosis of Architectural Forms. Biosemiotics 5 (2):269-289.score: 24.0
    In this paper architectural forms are presented as symbolic forms issued from the complex semiosis that characterises human cognition (Ferreira (2007, 2010)). Being semiotic objects, these symbolic forms are, consequently, context- dependent_they emerge and have meaning, i.e., they are assigned a functional and/or aesthetic value, in particular physical, social and cultural frameworks. As it happens with all semiotic objects, architectural forms, whatever their nature, are not static but highly interactive. In fact, they act as agents of (...)
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  8. Christian Wallmann & Gernot D. Kleiter (2014). Probability Propagation in Generalized Inference Forms. Studia Logica 102 (4):913-929.score: 24.0
    Probabilistic inference forms lead from point probabilities of the premises to interval probabilities of the conclusion. The probabilistic version of Modus Ponens, for example, licenses the inference from \({P(A) = \alpha}\) and \({P(B|A) = \beta}\) to \({P(B)\in [\alpha\beta, \alpha\beta + 1 - \alpha]}\) . We study generalized inference forms with three or more premises. The generalized Modus Ponens, for example, leads from \({P(A_{1}) = \alpha_{1}, \ldots, P(A_{n})= \alpha_{n}}\) and \({P(B|A_{1} \wedge \cdots \wedge A_{n}) = \beta}\) to an according (...)
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  9. George Bowles (1999). The Asymmetry Thesis and the Diversity of "Invalid" Argument-Forms. Informal Logic 19 (1).score: 24.0
    According to the Asymmetry Thesis, whereas there are many kinds of argument-forms that make at least some of their instances valid, there is none that makes any of its instances invalid. To refute this thesis, a counterexample has been produced in the form of an argument-form whose premise-form's instances are all logically true and whose conclusion form's instances are all logically false. The purpose of this paper is to show that there are many more kinds of argument-forms that (...)
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  10. Anna Marmodoro (2008). In Being One Only One? The Argument for the Uniqueness of the Platonic Forms. Apeiron (4):211-227.score: 24.0
    ‘Is being one only one? – The Argument for the Uniqueness of Platonic Forms’ Abstract: Each Form is unique in number; no two numerically distinct Forms can share the same nature. Plato argues for this claim in Republic X. I identify the metaphysical principles Plato presupposes in the premises of the argument, by examining the reasoning behind them, and offer a reconstruction of the argument showing the principles in use. I argue that the metaphysical significance of the argument’s (...)
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  11. M. Dusche (1995). Interpreted Logical Forms as Objects of the Attitudes. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (4):301-315.score: 22.0
    Two arguments favoring propositionalist accounts of attitude sentences are being revisited: the Church-Langford translation argument and Thomason's argument against quotational theories of indirect discourse. None of them proves to be decisive, thus leaving the option of searching for a developed quotational alternative. Such an alternative is found in an interpreted logical form theory of attitude ascription. The theory differentiates elegantly among different attitudes but it fails to account for logical dependencies among them. It is argued, however, that the concept of (...)
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  12. Jurgis Brakas (2011). The Existence of Forms : Plato's Argument From the Possibility of Knowledge. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 21.0
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  13. Thomas L. Bennett & Henry C. Ellis (1968). Tactual-Kinesthetic Feedback From Manipulation of Visual Forms and Nondifferential Reinforcement in Transfer of Perceptual Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):495.score: 21.0
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  14. William C. Howell & Conrad L. Kraft (1961). The Judgment of Size, Contrast, and Sharpness of Letter Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (1):30.score: 21.0
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  15. S. Djang (1937). The Role of Past Experience in the Visual Apprehension of Masked Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (1):29.score: 21.0
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  16. Charles W. Eriksen & Joseph S. Lappin (1967). Selective Attention and Very Short-Term Recognition Memory for Nonsense Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):358.score: 21.0
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  17. T. R. Austin & R. B. Sleight (1952). Accuracy of Tactual Discrimination of Letters, Numerals, and Geometric Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (3):239.score: 21.0
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  18. Charles W. Eriksen & Robert L. Colegate (1970). Identification of Forms at Brief Durations When Seen in Apparent Motion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):137.score: 21.0
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  19. J. J. Gibson (1929). The Reproduction of Visually Perceived Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 12 (1):1.score: 21.0
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  20. N. G. Hanawalt & I. H. Demarest (1939). The Effect of Verbal Suggestion in the Recall Period Upon the Reproduction of Visually Perceived Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):159.score: 21.0
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  21. K. Keremedis & E. Tachtsis (2001). Some Weak Forms of the Axiom of Choice Restricted to the Real Line. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 47 (3):413-422.score: 21.0
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  22. Gerald D. Nielsen & Edward E. Smith (1973). Imaginal and Verbal Representations in Short-Term Recognition of Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):375.score: 21.0
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  23. James Sikkema (2009). On The Necessity of Individual Forms in Plotinus. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 3 (2):138-153.score: 21.0
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  24. H. Woodrow (1928). Behavior with Respect to Short Temporal Stimulus Forms. II. Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (4):259.score: 21.0
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  25. H. Gurnee, B. E. Witzeman & M. Heller (1940). Comparative Retention of Open and Closed Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (1):66.score: 21.0
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  26. H. Gurnee (1939). The Effect of Mild Annoyance Upon the Learning of Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):215.score: 21.0
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  27. Harold W. Hake & Charles W. Eriksen (1956). Role of Response Variables in Recognition and Identification of Complex Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (4):235.score: 21.0
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  28. W. Israel (1970). Differential Forms in General Relativity. Dublin,Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.score: 21.0
     
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  29. Larry C. Kerpelman (1965). Preexposure to Visually Presented Forms and Non-Differential Reinforcement in Perceptual Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):257.score: 21.0
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  30. Robert B. Sleight (1952). The Relative Discriminability of Several Geometric Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (4):324.score: 21.0
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  31. Richard A. Steffy & Charles W. Eriksen (1965). Short-Term, Perceptual-Recognition Memory for Tachistoscopically Presented Nonsense Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (3):277.score: 21.0
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  32. Gail Fine (2003). Plato on Knowledge and Forms: Selected Essays. Oxford University Press.score: 20.0
    Plato on Knowledge and Forms brings together a set of connected essays by Gail Fine, in her main area of research since the late 1970s: Plato's metaphysics and epistemology. She discusses central issues in Plato's metaphysics and epistemology, issues concerning the nature and extent of knowledge, and its relation to perception, sensibles, and forms; and issues concerning the nature of forms, such as whether they are universals or particulars, separate or immanent, and whether they are causes. A (...)
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  33. Gail Fine (1993). On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms. Oxford University Press.score: 20.0
    The Peri ide^on (On Ideas) is the only work in which Aristotle systematically sets out and criticizes arguments for the existence of Platonic forms. Gail Fine presents the first full-length treatment in English of this important but neglected work. She asks how, and how well, Aristotle understands Plato's theory of forms, and why and with what justification he favors an alternative metaphysical scheme. She examines the significance of the Peri ide^on for some central questions about Plato's theory of (...)
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  34. R. M. Dancy (2004). Plato's Introduction of Forms. Cambridge University Press.score: 20.0
    Scholars of Plato are divided between those who emphasize the literature of the dialogues and those who emphasize the argument of the dialogues, and between those who see a development in the thought of the dialogues and those who do not. In this important book, Russell Dancy focusses on the arguments and defends a developmental picture. He explains the Theory of Forms of the Phaedo and Symposium as an outgrowth of the quest for definitions canvassed in the Socratic dialogues, (...)
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  35. Samuel Charles Rickless (2007). Plato's Forms in Transition: A Reading of the Parmenides. Cambridge University Press.score: 20.0
    There is a mystery at the heart of Plato’s Parmenides. In the first part, Parmenides criticizes what is widely regarded as Plato’s mature theory of Forms, and in the second, he promises to explain how the Forms can be saved from these criticisms. Ever since the dialogue was written, scholars have struggled to determine how the two parts of the work fit together. Did Plato mean us to abandon, keep, or modify the theory of Forms, on the (...)
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  36. A. H. Coxon (1999). The Philosophy of Forms: An Analytical and Historical Commentary on Plato's Parmenides: With a New English Translation. Van Gorcum.score: 20.0
    I FORMS IN THE PRE-SOCRATIC PHYSICISTS Plato's dialogue Parmenides carried in the classification of Thrasyllus the editorial subtitle nepi i6«ov, ...
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  37. J. Edwards (1999). Interpreted Logical Forms and Knowing Your Own Mind. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (2):169-90.score: 20.0
    An attractive semantic theory presented by Richard K. Larson and Peter Ludlow takes a report of propositional attitudes, e.g 'Tom believes Judy Garland sang', to report a believing relation between Tom and an interpreted logical form constructed from 'Judy Garland sang'. We briefly outline the semantic theory and indicate its attractions. However, the definition of interpreted logical forms given by Larson and Ludlow is shown to be faulty, and an alternative definition is offered which matches their intentions. This definition (...)
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  38. Daniel Whiting (forthcoming). Languages, Language-Games, and Forms of Life. In H.-J. Glock & J. Hyman (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 20.0
    In this paper, after outlining the methodological role Wittgenstein's appeal to language-games is supposed to play, I examine the picture of language which his discussion of such games and their relations to what Wittgenstein calls forms of life suggests. It is a picture according to which language and its employment are inextricably connected to wider contexts—they are embedded in specific natural and social environments, they are tied to purposive activities serving provincial needs, and caught up in distinctive ways of (...)
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  39. Federica Pazzaglia (2010). Are Alternative Organizational Forms the Solution to Limit Excessive Managerial Discretion? Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):623 - 639.score: 20.0
    Modern corporations have been widely accused of promoting values of managerial autonomy that can result in managerial waste and opportunistic behaviour, leading organizational theorists to suggest the adoption of alternative organizational forms that should normatively and structurally limit such autonomy. However, this mixed-methods study of an alternative organizational form — income trusts (1995—2005)— finds that income trusts were also characterized by excessive managerial autonomy. Managers strategically used the income trust form in discretionary ways such as by providing little information (...)
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  40. Anatolij Dvurečenskij & Jiří Janda (2013). On Bilinear Forms From the Point of View of Generalized Effect Algebras. Foundations of Physics 43 (9):1136-1152.score: 20.0
    We study positive bilinear forms on a Hilbert space which are not necessarily bounded nor induced by some positive operator. We show when different families of bilinear forms can be described as a generalized effect algebra. In addition, we present families which are or are not monotone downwards (Dedekind upwards) σ-complete generalized effect algebras.
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  41. Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe (2007). Normal Forms for Fuzzy Logics: A Proof-Theoretic Approach. [REVIEW] Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (5-6):347-363.score: 20.0
    A method is described for obtaining conjunctive normal forms for logics using Gentzen-style rules possessing a special kind of strong invertibility. This method is then applied to a number of prominent fuzzy logics using hypersequent rules adapted from calculi defined in the literature. In particular, a normal form with simple McNaughton functions as literals is generated for łukasiewicz logic, and normal forms with simple implicational formulas as literals are obtained for Gödel logic, Product logic, and Cancellative hoop logic.
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  42. Helen Hattab (2009). Descartes on Forms and Mechanisms. Cambridge University Press.score: 20.0
    Descartes' arguments against the substantial form -- Aquinas' introduction of the substantial form -- Suarez's defense of the substantial form -- Sanchez's skeptical humanist attack -- The mechanical alternative to substantial forms -- Cartesian science and the principles of Aristotelian mechanics -- Atoms, modes, and other heresies -- Descartes' metaphysical alternative to substantial forms.
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  43. John Malcolm (1991). Plato on the Self-Predication of Forms: Early and Middle Dialogues. Oxford University Press.score: 20.0
    In this book, Malcolm presents a new and radical interpretation of Plato's earlier dialogues. He argues that the few cases of self-predication contained therein are acceptable simply as statements concerning universals, and that therefore Plato is not vulnerable in these cases to the Third Man Argument. In considering the middle dialogues, Malcolm takes a conservative stance, rejecting influential current doctrines which portray the Forms as being not self-predicative. He shows that the middle dialogues do indeed take Forms to (...)
     
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  44. Béatrice Longuenesse (2001). Synthesis, Logical Forms, and the Objects of Our Ordinary Experience: Response to Michael Friedman. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (2):199-212.score: 18.0
    In the 82/2 (2000) issue of this journal, Michael Friedman has offered a stimulating discussion of my recent book, Kant and the Capacity to Judge. His conclusion is that on the whole I fail to do justice to what is most revolutionary about Kant's natural philosophy, and instead end up attributing to Kant a pre-Newtonian, Aristotelian philosophy of nature. This is because, according to Friedman, I put excessive weight on Kant's claim to have derived his categories from a set of (...)
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  45. Claudia Bianchi (1999). Three Forms of Contextual Dependence. In Paolo Bouquet (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Second International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT '99, Trento, Italy, September 9-11, 1999, Proceedings. Springer.score: 18.0
    The paper emphasizes the inadequacy of formal semantics, the classical paradigm in semantics, in treating contextual dependence. Some phenomena of contextual dependence threaten one central assumption of the classical paradigm, namely the idea that linguistic expressions have a fixed meaning, and utterances have truth conditions well defined. It is possible to individuate three forms of contextual dependence: the one affecting pure indexicals, the one affecting demonstratives and "contextual expressions", and the one affecting all linguistic expressions. The third type of (...)
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  46. Rainer Mausfeld (2011). Intrinsic Multiperspectivity: Conceptual Forms and the Functional Architecture of the Perceptual System. In Welsch Wolfgang, Singer Wolf & Wunder Andre (eds.), Interdisciplinary Anthropology. Springer. 19--54.score: 18.0
    It is a characteristic feature of our mental make-up that the same perceptual input situation can simultaneously elicit conflicting mental perspectives. This ability pervades our perceptual and cognitive domains. Striking examples are the dual character of pictures in picture perception, pretend play, or the ability to employ metaphors and allegories. I argue that traditional approaches, beyond being inadequate on principle grounds, are theoretically ill equipped to deal with these achievements. I then outline a theoretical perspective that has emerged from a (...)
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  47. P. X. Monaghan (2010). A Novel Interpretation of Plato's Theory of Forms. Metaphysica 11 (1):63-78.score: 18.0
    In several recent issues of this journal, I argued for an account of property possession as strict, numerical identity. While this account has stuck some as being (...)
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  48. Matthew C. Halteman (2006). On the Problematic Origin of the Forms: Plotinus, Derrida, and the Neoplatonic Subtext of Deconstruction's Critique of Ontology. Continental Philosophy Review 39 (1):35-58.score: 18.0
    My aim in this paper is to draw Plotinus and Derrida together in a comparison of their respective appropriations of the famous “receptacle” passage in Plato's Timaeus (specifically, Plotinus' discussion of intelligible matter in Enneads 2.4 and Derrida's essay on Timaeus entitled “Kh ō ra”). After setting the stage with a discussion of several instructive similarities between their general philosophical projects, I contend that Plotinus and Derrida take comparable approaches both to thinking the origin of the forms and to (...)
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  49. Frederick A. Elliston (1982). Civil Disobedience and Whistleblowing: A Comparative Appraisal of Two Forms of Dissent. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):23 - 28.score: 18.0
    This paper compares and evaluates two forms of dissent: civil disobedience — protests by citizens against the laws or actions of their government; and whistleblowing — disclosure by employees of illegal, immoral or questionable practices by their employees. Each is identified, the conceptual issues are distinguished from strategic and normative ones and parallel moral questions posed. Should one first dissent within prescribed channels before going outside them? Should one act publicly or is withholding one's identity permissible or desirable? What (...)
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  50. Kevin Thompson (2003). Forms of Resistance: Foucault on Tactical Reversal and Self-Formation. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 36 (2):113-138.score: 18.0
    This paper argues that two distinct models of resistance are to be found in Foucault's work. The first, tactical reversal, is predicated on the idea that conflict is inherent to power relations, the strategical model of power, and thus that a specific configuration of power and knowledge can be thwarted by reversing the mechanisms whereby this relation is sustained. The second, the aesthetics of existence, is based in the governmental model of power and holds that it is possible to forge (...)
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