Search results for 'foundations of physics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Olival Freire Jr (2004). The Historical Roots of ''Foundations of Quantum Physics'' as a Field of Research (1950–1970). Foundations of Physics 34 (11):1741-1760.score: 170.0
    The rising interest, in the late 20th century, in the foundations of quantum physics, a subject in which Franco Selleri has excelled, has suggested the fair question: how did it become so? The current answer says that experiments have allowed to bring into the laboratories some previous gedanken experiments, beginning with those about EPR and related to Bell’s inequalities. I want to explore an alternative view, by which there would have been, before Bell’s inequalities experimental tests, a change (...)
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  2. Ioannis E. Antoniou (2002). Caratheodory and the Foundations of Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics. Foundations of Physics 32 (4):627-641.score: 152.0
    Constantin Caratheodory offered the first systematic and contradiction free formulation of thermodynamics on the basis of his mathematical work on Pfaff forms. Moreover, his work on measure theory provided the basis for later improved formulations of thermodynamics and physics of continua where extensive variables are measures and intensive variables are densities. Caratheodory was the first to see that measure theory and not topology is the natural tool to understand the difficulties (ergodicity, approach to equilibrium, irreversibility) in the Foundations (...)
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  3. Juan G. Roederer (1978). On the Relationship Between Human Brain Functions and the Foundations of Physics, Science, and Technology. Foundations of Physics 8 (5-6):423-438.score: 126.7
    The objective of this paper is to discuss the relationship between the functional properties and information-processing modes of the human brain and the evolution of scientific thought. Science has emerged as a tool to carry out predictive operations that exceed the accuracy, temporal scale, and intrinsic operational limitations of the human brain. Yet the scientific method unavoidably reflects some fundamental characteristics of the information-acquisition and -analysis modes of the brain, which impose a priori boundary conditions upon how science can develop (...)
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  4. Hans Freudenthal (1971). More About Foundations of Physics. Foundations of Physics 1 (4):315-323.score: 123.0
    Salt's paper on my criticism of Bunge's book is discussed, and some arguments in my paper are enlarged upon in order to make them better understood.
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  5. Lawrence Sklar (1993). Physics and Chance: Philosophical Issues in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge University Press.score: 122.0
    Statistical mechanics is one of the crucial fundamental theories of physics, and in his new book Lawrence Sklar, one of the pre-eminent philosophers of physics, offers a comprehensive, non-technical introduction to that theory and to attempts to understand its foundational elements. Among the topics treated in detail are: probability and statistical explanation, the basic issues in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, the role of cosmology, the reduction of thermodynamics to statistical mechanics, and the alleged foundation of the (...)
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  6. F. Jenč, W. Maass, O. Melsheimer, H. Neumann & A. Van der Merwe (1983). Günther Ludwig and the Foundations of Physics. Foundations of Physics 13 (7):639-641.score: 120.0
  7. W. Yourgrau & A. Van der Merwe (1975). Foundations of Physics. Foundations of Physics 5 (1):3-4.score: 120.0
  8. Andrew Wayne (2000). Conceptual Foundations of Field Theories in Physics. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):522.score: 119.0
    This discussion provides a brief commentary on each of the papers presented in the symposium on the conceptual foundations of field theories in physics. In Section 2 I suggest an alternative to Paul Teller's (1999) reading of the gauge argument that may help to solve, or dissolve, its puzzling aspects. In Section 3 I contend that Sunny Auyang's (1999) arguments against substantivalism and for "objectivism" in the context of gauge field theories face serious worries. Finally, in Section 4 (...)
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  9. Roger Jones (1997). Physics and Chance: Philosophical Issues in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 27 (6):953-955.score: 117.0
  10. Gérard G. Emch (2002). Book Review: John von Neumann and the Foundations of Quantum Physics. Edited by Miklós Rédei and Michael Stöltzner. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London, 2001, Ix+371 Pages, ISBN 0-7923-6812-6, 134.00 EUR / 119.00 USD / 89.00 GBP (Hardcover). [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 32 (6):981-985.score: 117.0
  11. F. Barone, A. O. Barut, E. Beltrametti, S. Bergia, R. A. Bertlmann, H. R. Brown, G. C. Ghirardi, D. M. Greenberger, D. Home & M. Jammer (1991). Bell's Theorem and the Foundations of Modern Physics. Foundations of Physics 21 (8).score: 117.0
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  12. Daniel Greenberger (2001). Book Review: Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Physics: An Overview From Modern Perspectives. By Dipankar Home. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, New York, 1997, Xvii + 386 Pp., $167.00 (Hardcover). ISBN 0-306-45660-5. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 31 (5):855-857.score: 117.0
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  13. Palatyo Del Ridoti'O. (1991). Bell's Theorem and the Foundations of Modern Physics. Foundations of Physics 21 (10).score: 117.0
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  14. James B. Hartle, K. V. Laurikainen, Henry J. Folse D'Espagnat Paris, Asher Peres, Abner Shimony, Henry Stapp & Stig Stenholm (1994). Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1994. Foundations of Physics 24 (2).score: 117.0
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  15. Jos Uffink, Compendium of the Foundations of Classical Statistical Physics.score: 114.0
    Roughly speaking, classical statistical physics is the branch of theoretical physics that aims to account for the thermal behaviour of macroscopic bodies in terms of a classical mechanical model of their microscopic constituents, with the help of probabilistic assumptions. In the last century and a half, a fair number of approaches have been developed to meet this aim. This study of their foundations assesses their coherence and analyzes the motivations for their basic assumptions, and the interpretations of (...)
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  16. Jose G. Vargas (2008). The Foundations of Quantum Mechanics and the Evolution of the Cartan-Kähler Calculus. Foundations of Physics 38 (7):610-647.score: 112.0
    In 1960–1962, E. Kähler enriched É. Cartan’s exterior calculus, making it suitable for quantum mechanics (QM) and not only classical physics. His “Kähler-Dirac” (KD) equation reproduces the fine structure of the hydrogen atom. Its positron solutions correspond to the same sign of the energy as electrons.The Cartan-Kähler view of some basic concepts of differential geometry is presented, as it explains why the components of Kähler’s tensor-valued differential forms have three series of indices. We demonstrate the power of his calculus (...)
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  17. H. Barnum (2003). Quantum Information Processing, Operational Quantum Logic, Convexity, and the Foundations of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (3):343-379.score: 107.0
    Quantum information science is a source of task-related axioms whose consequences can be explored in general settings encompassing quantum mechanics, classical theory, and more. Quantum states are compendia of probabilities for the outcomes of possible operations we may perform on a system: ''operational states.'' I discuss general frameworks for ''operational theories'' (sets of possible operational states of a system), in which convexity plays key role. The main technical content of the paper is in a theorem that any such theory naturally (...)
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  18. Sonja Smets (2005). The Modes of Physical Properties in the Logical Foundations of Physics. Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (1):37-53.score: 106.0
    We present a conceptual analysis of the notions of actual physical property and potential physical property as used by theoretical physicists/mathematicians working in the domain of operational quantum logic. We investigate how these notions are being used today and what role they play in the specified field of research. In order to do so, we will give a brief introduction to this area of research and explain it as a part of the discipline known as “mathematical metascience”. An in depth (...)
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  19. Dean Rickles & Steven French (2006). Quantum Gravity Meets Structuralism: Interweaving Relations in the Foundations of Physics. In Dean Rickles, Steven French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity. Oxford University Press. 1--39.score: 104.0
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  20. Michael Heller, Leszek Pysiak & Wiesław Sasin (2011). Fundamental Problems in the Unification of Physics. Foundations of Physics 41 (5):905-918.score: 103.0
    We discuss the following problems, plaguing the present search for the “final theory”: (1) How to find a mathematical structure rich enough to be suitably approximated by the mathematical structures of general relativity and quantum mechanics? (2) How to reconcile nonlocal phenomena of quantum mechanics with time honored causality and reality postulates? (3) Does the collapse of the wave function contain some hints concerning the future quantum gravity theory? (4) It seems that the final theory cannot avoid the problem of (...)
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  21. Leo Corry (1999). From Mie's Electromagnetic Theory of Matter to Hilbert's Unified Foundations of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 30 (2):159-183.score: 102.0
  22. R. N. Sen (2008). Physics and the Measurement of Continuous Variables. Foundations of Physics 38 (4):301-316.score: 101.0
    This paper addresses the doubts voiced by Wigner about the physical relevance of the concept of geometrical points by exploiting some facts known to all but honored by none: Almost all real numbers are transcendental; the explicit representation of any one will require an infinite amount of physical resources. An instrument devised to measure a continuous real variable will need a continuum of internal states to achieve perfect resolution. Consequently, a laboratory instrument for measuring a continuous variable in a finite (...)
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  23. Paul Busch, Joachim Pfarr, Manfred L. Ristig & Ernst-Walther Stachow (2010). Quantum–Matter–Spacetime: Peter Mittelstaedt's Contributions to Physics and Its Foundations. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1163-1170.score: 101.0
    In a period of over 50 years, Peter Mittelstaedt has made substantial and lasting contributions to several fields in theoretical physics as well as the foundations and philosophy of physics. Here we present an overview of his achievements in physics and its foundations which may serve as a guide to the bibliography (printed in this Festschrift) of his publications. An appraisal of Peter Mittelstaedt’s work in the philosophy of physics is given in a separate (...)
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  24. Kenneth R. Westphal (1995). ‘Kant’s Proof of the Law of Inertia’. In H. Robinson (ed.), Proceedings of the 8th International Kant Congress. Marquette University Press.score: 101.0
    According to Kant’s Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science, a proper science is organized according to rational principles and has a pure a priori rational part, its metaphysical foundation. In the second edition Preface to the first Critique, Kant claims that his account of time explains the a priori possibility of Newton’s laws of motion. I argue that Kant’s proof of the law of inertia fails, and that this casts doubt on Kant’s enterprise of providing a priori foundations for (...)
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  25. Milan M. Ćirković (2005). Physics Versus Semantics: A Puzzling Case of the Missing Quantum Theory. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (5):817-838.score: 100.0
    A case for the project of excising of confusion and obfuscation in the contemporary quantum theory initiated and promoted by David Deutsch has been made. It has been argued that at least some theoretical entities which are conventionally labelled as “interpretations” of quantum mechanics are in fact full-blooded physical theories in their own right, and as such are falsifiable, at least in principle. The most pertinent case is the one of the so-called “Many-Worlds Interpretation” (MWI) of Everett and others. This (...)
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  26. V. J. Lee (1982). Physical Foundations of Quantum Theory: Stochastic Formulation and Proposed Experimental Test—Addendum and Erratum. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 12 (8):813-819.score: 99.0
    The Addendum of this note presents a brief perspective and an additional development pertaining to a previous paper. The even forceK n as well as the odd forceK 0 of the time-inversion-covariant (TIC) equation of motion in the presence of a magnetic field are derived from the results of the previous paper by a hint of generalization in classical physics. Then, by following identical steps as in the previous paper, the Addendum completes the derivation of the stochastic Hamilton-Jacobi and (...)
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  27. Osvaldo Pessoa Jr, Olival Freire Jr & Alexis de Greiff, The Tausk Controversy on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: Physics, Philosophy, and Politics.score: 99.0
    In 1966 the Brazilian physicist Klaus Tausk (b. 1927) circulated a preprint from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, criticizing Adriana Daneri, Angelo Loinger, and Giovanni Maria Prosperi`s theory of 1962 on the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. A heated controversy ensued between two opposing camps within the orthodox interpretation of quantum theory, represented by Leon Rosenfeld and Eugene P. Wigner. The controversy went well beyond the strictly scientific issues, however, reflecting philosophical and political commitments within (...)
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  28. Rudolf Carnap (1966). Philosophical Foundations of Physics;. New York,Basic Books, Inc..score: 96.0
  29. Max Jammer (2004). The Strange Story of the Concept Which Inaugurated Modern Theoretical Physics. Foundations of Physics 34 (11):1617-1641.score: 96.0
    ‘‘The strange Story of the Concept which inaugurated Modern Theoretical Physics’’ is the title of a lecture which I delivered on the invitation of Professor Franco Selleri at the University of Bari about 20 years ago. Since Professor Selleri himself has written several interesting papers on this concept and since the centennial of the birth of modern theoretical physics will be celebrated soon, I found it appropriate to dedicate this essay, containing so far unpublished critical and historical comments (...)
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  30. Leonid G. Kreidik (1998). Foundations of Physics: 13.644--: Collected Papers. G. Shpenkov.score: 96.0
  31. Robert Bruce Lindsay (9999/1957). Foundations of Physics. New York, Dover Publications.score: 96.0
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  32. Kip S. Thorne & Wojciech H. Zurek (1986). John Archibald Wheeler: A Few Highlights of His Contributions to Physics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 16 (2):79-89.score: 95.0
    The following quotations describe in “nutshells” a few highlights of John Archibald Wheeler's contributions to physics. The contributions are arranged in roughly the following order: (i) concrete research results, (ii) innovative ideas that have become foundations for the research of others, (iii) insights that give guidance for the development of physics over the coming decades. Since most of Wheeler's work contains strong elements of two or even all three of these characteristics, the editors have not attempted to (...)
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  33. Michael Nauenberg (2007). Critique of “Quantum Enigma: Physics Encounters Consciousness”. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 37 (11):1612-1627.score: 95.0
    The central claim that understanding quantum mechanics requires a conscious observer, which is made by B. Rosenblum and F. Kuttner in their book “Quantum Enigma: Physics encounters consciousness”, is shown to be based on various misunderstandings and distortions of the foundations of quantum mechanics.
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  34. M. Ferrero, V. Gómez Pin, D. Salgado & J. L. Sánchez-Gómez (2013). A Further Review of the Incompatibility Between Classical Principles and Quantum Postulates. Foundations of Science 18 (1):125-138.score: 95.0
    The traditional “realist” conception of physics, according to which human concepts, laws and theories can grasp the essence of a reality in our absence , seems incompatible with quantum formalism and it most fruitful interpretation. The proof rests on the violation by quantum mechanical formalism of some fundamental principles of the classical ontology. We discuss if the conception behind Einstein’s idea of a reality in our absence, could be still maintained and at which price. We conclude that quantum mechanical (...)
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  35. M. Ferrero, V. Gómez Pin, D. Salgado & J. L. Sánchez-Gómez (2013). A Further Review of the Incompatibility Between Classical Principles and Quantum Postulates. Foundations of Science 18 (1):125-138.score: 95.0
    The traditional “realist” conception of physics, according to which human concepts, laws and theories can grasp the essence of a reality in our absence, seems incompatible with quantum formalism and it most fruitful interpretation. The proof rests on the violation by quantum mechanical formalism of some fundamental principles of the classical ontology. We discuss if the conception behind Einstein’s idea of a reality in our absence, could be still maintained and at which price. We conclude that quantum mechanical formalism (...)
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  36. Alois Hartkämper & Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt (1983). On the Foundations of the Physical Probability Concept. Foundations of Physics 13 (7):655-672.score: 93.7
    An exact formulation of the frequency interpretation of probability is proposed on the basis of G. Ludwig's concept of physical theories. Starting from a short outline of this concept, a formal definition of weak approximate reduction is developed, which covers the reduction of probability to frequency as a special case.
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  37. K. A. Brading & T. A. Ryckman (2008). Hilbert's 'Foundations of Physics': Gravitation and Electromagnetism Within the Axiomatic Method. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (1):102-153.score: 93.0
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  38. Robert S. Metzger (1973). Book Review:Problems in the Foundations of Physics Mario Bunge. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 40 (3):464-.score: 93.0
  39. V. J. Lee (1980). Physical Foundations of Quantum Theory: Stochastic Formulation and Proposed Experimental Test. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 10 (1-2):77-107.score: 93.0
    The time-dependent Schrödinger equation has been derived from three assumptions within the domain of classical and stochastic mechanics. The continuity equation isnot used in deriving the basic equations of the stochastic theory as in the literature. They are obtained by representing Newton's second law in a time-inversion consistent equation. Integrating the latter, we obtain the stochastic Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The Schrödinger equation is a result of a transformation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation and linearization by assigning the arbitrary constant ħ=2mD. An experiment (...)
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  40. George L. Farre (1965). Remarks on the Linguistics Foundations of Physics. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (2):110-122.score: 93.0
  41. Herbert Dingle (1960). The Doppler Effect and the Foundations of Physics (II). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (42):113-129.score: 93.0
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  42. Herbert Dingle (1960). The Doppler Effect and the Foundations of Physics (I). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (41):11-31.score: 93.0
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  43. C. Garola (2002). Waves, Information, and Foundations of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (1):101-116.score: 93.0
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  44. William Marias Malisoff (1936). Solid Fare of Physics:Foundations of Physics R. B. Lindsay, Henry Margenau. Philosophy of Science 3 (3):371-.score: 93.0
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  45. David Albert (2005). The Foundations of Physics. In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 93.0
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  46. R. H. K. (1969). Foundations of Physics. Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):748-748.score: 93.0
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  47. Richard Olson (1975). Scottish Philosophy and British Physics, 1750-1880: A Study in the Foundations of the Victorian Scientific Style. Princeton University Press.score: 93.0
     
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  48. A. R. Turquette (1955). Review: J. C. C. McKinsey, Patrick Suppes, Philosophy and the Axiomatic Foundations of Physics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):191-192.score: 93.0
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  49. Thomas Juffmann, Stefan Nimmrichter, Markus Arndt, Herbert Gleiter & Klaus Hornberger (2012). New prospects for de Broglie interferometry. Foundations of Physics 42 (1):98-110.score: 91.0
    We consider various effects that are encountered in matter wave interference experiments with massive nanoparticles. The text-book example of far-field interference at a grating is compared with diffraction into the dark field behind an opaque aperture, commonly designated as Poisson’s spot or the spot of Arago. Our estimates indicate that both phenomena may still be observed in a mass range exceeding present-day experiments by at least two orders of magnitude. They both require, however, the development of sufficiently cold, intense and (...)
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  50. Paul Benioff (2002). Towards a Coherent Theory of Physics and Mathematics. Foundations of Physics 32 (7):989-1029.score: 90.7
    As an approach to a Theory of Everything a framework for developing a coherent theory of mathematics and physics together is described. The main characteristic of such a theory is discussed: the theory must be valid and and sufficiently strong, and it must maximally describe its own validity and sufficient strength. The mathematical logical definition of validity is used, and sufficient strength is seen to be a necessary and useful concept. The requirement of maximal description of its own validity (...)
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