Search results for 'homosexuality' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  45
    George Drazenovich (2012). A Foucauldian Analysis of Homosexuality. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (3):259-275.
    The present research paper approaches homosexuality from a Foucauldian perspective. Foucault's place and standing in a postmodern historical and cultural context will be explained. The paper outlines how homosexuality has been historically constructed and socially constituted. How sexuality became understood as a particular form of discourse, that is as a science, will be explored particularly with regard to the strategic use of confession as a producer of knowledge. I will present how homosexuality, as a medicalized, ontological identity (...)
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  2.  24
    Eugene F. Rogers Jr (1999). Aquinas on Natural Law and the Virtues in Biblical Context Homosexuality as a Test Case. Journal of Religious Ethics 27 (1):29-56.
    Marriagelike homosexual relationships expose a division among ethicists following Aquinas. Those emphasizing natural law may call such relationships unnatural; those emphasizing the virtues may approve of relationships fostering love and justice. Natural law, the virtues, and homosexuality all show up in Aquinas's "Commentary on Romans"--untranslated and hardly cited. Romans 1:18 opens a discussion of justice. Verse 20 provides Aquinas's chief warrant for natural law. Verse 26 applies virtue and law to "the vice against nature." But Aquinas's account also depends (...)
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  3. Jamake Highwater (1997). The Mythology of Transgression: Homosexuality as Metaphor. Oxford University Press.
    Jamake Highwater is a master storyteller and one of our most visionary writers, hailed as "an eloquent bard, whose words are fire and glory" (Studs Terkel) and "a writer of exceptional vision and power" (Ana"is Nin). Author of more than thirty volumes of nonfiction, fiction, and poetry, Highwater--considered by many to be the intellectual heir of Joseph Campbell--has long been intrigued by how our mythological legacies have served as a foundation of modern civilization. Now, in The Mythology of Transgression, he (...)
     
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  4.  84
    Noretta Koertge (ed.) (1981). The Nature and Causes of Homosexuality: A Philosophic and Scientific Inquiry. Haworth Press.
    For a balanced discussion of the main social, medical, and philosophical aspects of homosexuality, here is the ideal book. Written by philosophers of science, each comprehensive chapter takes a critical look at research on the etiology of homosexuality. Read Philosophy and Homosexuality and examine the evidence for both the sociobiological and hormonal explanations of homosexuality and study the definitions of sexual orientation and how they have affected research.
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  5. Michael Ruse (1990). Homosexuality: A Philosophical Inquiry. Blackwell.
  6.  45
    Helga Varden (2012). A Feminist, Kantian Conception of the Right to Bodily Integrity: The Cases of Abortion and Homosexuality. In Sharon Crasnow & Anita Superson (eds.), Out of the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy. Oxford University Press
    Pregnant women and persons engaging in homosexual practices compose two groups that have been and still are amongst those most severely subjected to coercive restrictions regarding their own bodies. From an historical point of view, it is a recent and rare phenomenon that a woman’s right to abortion and a person’s right to engage in homosexual interactions are recognized. Although most Western liberal states currently do recognize these rights, they are under continuous assault from various political and religious movements. Moreover, (...)
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  7.  2
    William R. Rice, Urban Friberg & Sergey Gavrilets (2013). Homosexuality Via Canalized Sexual Development: A Testing Protocol for a New Epigenetic Model. Bioessays 35 (9):764-770.
  8.  4
    Sean Brady (2012). John Addington Symonds (1840-1893) and Homosexuality: A Critical Edition of Sources. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This volume is an indispensable reference for a wide range of scholars working across multidisciplinary fields of inquiry that focus on British and continental histories of medicine and sexuality, gender history and studies of nineteenth ...
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  9. Wayne R. Dynes & Stephen Donaldson (eds.) (1992). Homosexuality and Religion and Philosophy. Garland.
  10. Jonathan Weinberg, Charles Demuth & Marsden Hartley (1993). Speaking for Vice Homosexuality in the Art of Charles Demuth, Marsden Hartley, and the First American Avant-Garde. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  11.  27
    Michael Ruse (1981). Medicine as Social Science: The Case of Freud on Homosexuality. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (4):361-386.
    This paper considers the question of whether the explanation of homosexual orientation offered by Sigmund Freud qualifies as a genuine explanation, judged by the criteria of the social sciences. It is argued that the explanation, namely that homosexual orientation is a function of atypical parental influences, is indeed an explanation of the kind found in the social sciences. Nevertheless, it is concluded that to date Freud's hypotheses about homosexuality are no more than unproven speculations. Also considered is the question (...)
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  12. Stephanie S. Turner (1996). Toward a Feminist Revision of Research Protocols on the Etiology of Homosexuality. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 3 (2):10-17.
    Examining the language and paradigms of science as rhetorical, that is, arising from the sociocultural forces that shape ideology, reveals androcentric assumptions that tend to thwart democratic public policy as well as effective methodology. This paper applies some recent feminist critiques of the biological sciences to the current research on the possible hormonal and genetic factors contributing to homosexuality, clarifying how this research perpetuates hierarchical binaries and suggesting ways to reconceptualize human sexuality through revised research protocols.
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  13.  34
    Peter Zachar & Kenneth Kendler (2012). The Removal of Pluto From the Class of Planets and Homosexuality From the Class of Psychiatric Disorders: A Comparison. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):4-.
    We compare astronomers' removal of Pluto from the listing of planets and psychiatrists' removal of homosexuality from the listing of mental disorders. Although the political maneuverings that emerged in both controversies are less than scientifically ideal, we argue that competition for "scientific authority" among competing groups is a normal part of scientific progress. In both cases, a complicated relationship between abstract constructs and evidence made the classification problem thorny.
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  14.  14
    Michael J. Reiss (1997). Teaching About Homosexuality and Heterosexuality. Journal of Moral Education 26 (3):343-352.
    Abstract Should schools teach about homosexuality and heterosexuality, and if so how? This paper outlines arguments both in favour of, and against, such teaching and concludes that, on balance, schools of 11?16/18?years?olds should teach about sexual orientation provided certain specified conditions are met. The author then defends the notion that to teach about sexual orientation is to teach about a controversial issue, but notes that few, if any, of the published approaches to teaching in this area treat it as (...)
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  15.  7
    Olivier Lemeire & Andreas De Block (2015). Philosophy and the Biology of Male Homosexuality. Philosophy Compass 10 (7):479-488.
    This paper is a review of how biological as well as other scientific theories, concepts and findings have been used to answer philosophical questions regarding the nature of male homosexuality. We argue that while these sciences are certainly relevant for present philosophical debates, few of the different philosophical issues surrounding male homosexuality can be settled by science alone. In the first section, we introduce a number of various essentialist and constructivist views on homosexuality. The second section focuses (...)
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  16.  17
    John E. Petrovic (1999). Moral Democratic Education and Homosexuality: Censoring Morality. Journal of Moral Education 28 (2):201-209.
    With the increasingly heard voices of gays, lesbians and bisexuals in American society and their demands for recognition have come the responses of religious conservatives. In this article I consider whether the extreme moral positions that religious conservatives take are defensible. More specifically, I want to consider whether teachers who embrace such conservative positions should be permitted to act on them in their classrooms. My arguments lead me to distinguish between moral democratic and moralistic positions. The former I examine using (...)
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  17.  60
    Jeff Kirby (2003). A New Group-Selection Model for the Evolution of Homosexuality. Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):683-694.
    Abstract. Scientists have long puzzled over how homosexual orientation has evolved, given the assumed low relative fitness of homosexual individuals compared to heterosexual individuals. A number of theoretical models for the evolution of homosexuality have been postulated including balance polymorphism, "Fertile females", hypervariability of DNA sequences, kin selection, and "parental manipulation". In this paper, I propose a new group-selection model for the evolution of homosexuality which offers two advantages over existing models: (1) its non-assumption of genetic determinism, and (...)
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  18.  6
    Michael R. Dietrich (2000). Of Moths and Men: Theo Lang and the Persistence of Richard Goldschmidt's Theory of Homosexuality, 1916-1960. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):219 - 247.
    Using an analogy between moths and men, in 1916, Richard Goldschmidt proposed that homosexuality was a case of genetic intersexuality. As he strove to create a unified theory of sex determination that would encompass animals ranging from moths to men, Goldschmidt's doubts grew concerning the association of homosexuality with intersexuality until, in 1931, he dropped homosexuality from his theory of intersexuality. Despite Goldschmidt's explicit rejection of his theory of homosexuality, Theo Lang, a researcher in the (...)
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  19.  12
    Michael S. Merry (2005). Should Educators Accommodate Intolerance? Mark Halstead,1 Homosexuality, and the Islamic Case. Journal of Moral Education 34 (1):19-36.
    The ideological interface between Muslims and liberal educators undoubtedly is strained in the realm of sex education, and perhaps on no topic more so than homosexuality. Mark Halstead argues that schools should not try to ?undermine the faith? of Muslims, who object to teaching homosexuality as an ?acceptable alternative lifestyle?. In this article, I will argue against his monolithic presentation of Islam. Furthermore, I will argue that because Halstead presents a narrow view of Islam he is neglectful of (...)
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  20. H. E. Baber (2004). Is Homosexuality Sexuality? Theology.
    I argue on utilitarian grounds that while traditional constraints on heterosexual activity, including the prohibition of pre-marital sex and divorce may be justified by appeal to purely secular principles, no comparable prohibitions are justified as regards homosexual activity. Homosexuality is in this respect.
     
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  21.  68
    Andreas De Block & Pieter Adriaens (2004). Darwinizing Sexual Ambivalence: A New Evolutionary Hypothesis of Male Homosexuality. Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):59 – 76.
    At first sight, homosexuality has little to do with reproduction. Nevertheless, many neo-Darwinian theoreticians think that human homosexuality may have had a procreative value, since it enabled the close kin of homosexuals to have more viable offspring than individuals lacking the support of homosexual siblings. In this article, however, we will defend an alternative hypothesis - originally put forward by Freud in "A phylogenetic phantasy" - namely that homosexuality evolved as a means to strengthen social bonds. Consequently, (...)
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  22.  38
    Trevor Smith (2006). Homosexuality and the Bible. Teaching Philosophy 29 (4):299-306.
    The argument presented here explores homosexuality within the context of applied Christian ethics. The argument works by asking students to grapple with and define the common characteristics of all eros relationships. Once the students analytically break down eros relationships, and wrestle with defining concepts such as “love,” “sex,” and “desires,” basic biblical moral precepts are applied. After this biblical application it can be shown that there is latitude enough in Christian morality to openly permit homosexuality that iscompatible with (...)
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  23.  29
    Eric H. Reitan (1999). Homosexuality, Misogyny, and God's Plan. Faith and Philosophy 16 (2):213-232.
    In response to powerful criticisms of older arguments, contemporary defenders of the Church’s traditional stance on homosexuality have fashioned a new kind of argument based upon the special relationship God created between the sexes. In this paper we examine two recent incarnations of this kind of argument and show that both fail to demonstrate the inherent immorality of homosexual relationships, and at most demonstrate that homosexual relationships are inferior to heterosexual relationships in certain respects. At the end of the (...)
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  24.  36
    Dominique Bauer (2006). Homosexuality Within the Context of Social Institutionalisation and Moral Sense. Ethical Perspectives 13 (1):61-89.
    The social and ethical framework of opposition toward homosexuality and, for example, gay marriage and gay parenting must be understood both from the process of institutionalism within Western society and from the essentialist view of human beings and the construction of their identities.This essentialist context of humanity and society, however, must be put in opposition to the social definition of human existence and identity. The latter are the dynamic and never-completed result of personal and social interrelation.Therefore, they cannot be (...)
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  25.  5
    Wang Xiaobo (1999). Some Ethical Questions Relating to Homosexuality. Contemporary Chinese Thought 30 (3):69-72.
    In 1992, when Li Yinhe and I had completed our collaborative study of male homosexuality in China, we published a monograph and wrote a few articles. We remained in touch with some of the friends we had made in the course of the research, and also received many letters from readers. Over the past few years, even though we have not carried out any more detailed research into it, we have been constantly thinking about this social issue.
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  26.  5
    John E. Petrovic (2013). Reason, Liberalism, and Democratic Education: A Deweyan Approach to Teaching About Homosexuality. Educational Theory 63 (5):525-541.
    Teaching about homosexuality, especially in a positive light, has long been held to be a controversial issue. There is, however, a view of the capacity for reason that finds that those who deem homosexuality to be controversial will ultimately contradict themselves, becoming unreasonable. By this standard of reason, homosexuality should be treated as non controversial in schools. In this essay, John Petrovic argues that this epistemic position is problematic. Instead, he defends a Deweyan epistemology that casts reason (...)
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  27.  8
    P. A. McGavin (2012). A Closer Look at Discernment on Homosexuality and the Priesthood. The Australasian Catholic Record 89 (1):63.
    McGavin, PA The Holy Father often speaks without a prepared text, and it is amazing how accurately he reads in transcription. This was brilliantly so in Light of the World interviews. Even his brief words at pages 118-119 on condoms - so breathlessly and inaccurately treated in the media - are so cast as to withstand close scrutiny. It is with this recognition that I address his lack of precision and perception in speaking on the question of homosexuality and (...)
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  28.  4
    Peter Morgan (2012). Coming Out in Weimar Crisis and Homosexuality in the Weimar Republic. Thesis Eleven 111 (1):48-65.
    The perception of the Weimar Republic as the high-point of ‘classical modernity’ in which all areas of society were permeated by a fatal sense of crisis has been revised as an explanatory model in recent historiography. Historians have returned to this period with a new sense of the openness of the crisis environment, particularly in areas of social and cultural history. Male homosexuality emerged as a central theme of Weimar social and cultural crisis as it became possible for homosexual (...)
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  29.  12
    Thomas G. Plante (2007). Ethical Considerations for Psychologists Screening Applicants for the Priesthood in the Catholic Church: Implications of the Vatican Instruction on Homosexuality. Ethics and Behavior 17 (2):131 – 136.
    The release of the Vatican instruction on homosexuality in the priesthood and Catholic seminaries poses several challenging ethical issues for the psychologists who conduct psychological screening evaluations for those men interested in religious life as Catholic priests. This brief article reviews some of the key ethical issues associated with these evaluations in light of the new Vatican instruction on homosexuality. The RRICC model based on the American Psychological Association's Code of Ethics (i.e., responsibility, respect, integrity, competence, and concern) (...)
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  30.  3
    Erin Gallagher-Cohoon (2013). “Illegal Loves and Sexual Deviancy: Homosexuality as a Threat in Cold War Canada”. Constellations 4 (2).
    This paper analyzes the criminalization and medicalization of homosexuality during the early twentieth century in Canada. Through court records and medical texts the discourse of homosexuality as a threat to the family unit and to the nation is contextualized within Cold War rhetoric. A Foucaultian conceptualization of power and discipline helps frame questions regarding homosexuality as a criminal offense and as a mental illness. It is argued that both state control and societal pressures constructed the homosexual as (...)
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  31.  3
    Fabrizzio Mc Manus (2012). The Structure of Explanations and Counter-Explanations of Homosexuality. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):235-243.
    The aim of this paper is to revisit an ongoing controversy within the so called “Science Wars”; more specifically, I will address a particular topic within the “human nature” debate: the ontological and epistemological status of homosexuality. I claim that, in this particular chapter of the “Science Wars”, we are continually left in an explanatory impasse even when more data are collected, more rigorous experimental techniques are developed, more subtle arguments are offered and more pluralistic narratives are told. My (...)
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  32.  3
    Richard Rymarz (2013). Homosexuality and Following Jesus; The Plot to Kill God: Findings From the Soviet Experiment in Secularization [Book Review]. Australasian Catholic Record, The 90 (4):505.
    Rymarz, Richard Review of: Homosexuality and following Jesus, by Paul Flaman,, ISBN 9781926645780, pp.181, pb; The plot to kill god: Findings from the soviet experiment in secularization, by Paul Froese, ISBN 9780520255289, pp.248, pb.
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  33.  7
    Xavier John Seubert (1999). 'But Do Not Use the Rotted Names': Theological Adequacy and Homosexuality. Heythrop Journal 40 (1):60–75.
    The Christian evaluation of homosexuality is based primarily on a model which can view homosexuality only as aberrational. From a Christian theological point of view this model articulates an inadequate vision of the dignity of human being. In its deliberations on the process of church, Vatican Council II implicitly developed a relational‐progressive model for understanding the salvific engagement of the complete gift of Godlife and creation. This model, in turn, provides a new basis for understanding human dignity and (...)
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  34. Chris Meyers (2015). The Moral Defense of Homosexuality: Why Every Argument Against Gay Rights Fails. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this book, Chris Meyers takes the reader on a careful, rational, sustained criticism of arguments about the immorality of homosexuality. Meyers refutes anti-gay arguments by showing that they are based on unreasonable or demonstrably false ideas about the nature of morality.
     
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  35. Chris Meyers (2015). Why Every Argument Against Gay Rights Fails: Homosexuality and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Chris Meyers takes the reader on a careful, rational, sustained criticism of arguments about the immorality of homosexuality. Meyers refutes anti-gay arguments by showing that they are based on unreasonable or demonstrably false ideas about the nature of morality. Working through the morality arguments against homosexuality, Meyers shows how the nature of morality demands impartial, overriding reasons to act, and that it is not grounded in visceral feelings of disgust, commands from the scriptures, or mysterious Platonic essences. In (...)
     
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  36.  93
    Marie Corbin (1991). Reviews : Antony Copley, Sexual Moralities in France 1780-1980: New Ideas on the Family, Divorce and Homosexuality, London, Routledge, 1989, £35, Xi + 283 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 4 (1):118-122.
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  37.  91
    Jeffrey S. Siker (forthcoming). Book Review: Homosexuality and the Bible: Two Views. [REVIEW] Interpretation 59 (1):90-92.
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  38. Jeff Jordan (1995). Is It Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of Homosexuality? Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (1):39-52.
  39.  92
    Jeffrey S. Siker (forthcoming). Book Review: Jesus, The Bible, and Homosexuality: Explode the Myths, Heal the Church. [REVIEW] Interpretation 60 (4):472-472.
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  40.  80
    Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas De Block (2006). The Evolution of a Social Construction: The Case of Male Homosexuality. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):570-585.
  41.  2
    John Boardman & K. J. Dover (1980). Greek Homosexuality. Journal of Hellenic Studies 100:244.
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  42. John Corvino (2005). Homosexuality and the PIB Argument. Ethics 115 (3):501-534.
  43.  5
    John Corvino (2013). What's Wrong with Homosexuality? OUP Usa.
    For the last twenty years John Corvino has traversed the US responding to moral and religious arguments against same-sex relationships. In this timely book, he shares that experience-both by addressing the standard objections and by offering insight into the culture wars more generally. In the process, he makes a fresh case for moral engagement, forcefully rejecting the idea that morality is a 'private matter'.
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  44. Thomas K. Hubbard (forthcoming). Popular Perceptions of Elite Homosexuality in Classical Athens. Arion 6 (1).
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  45.  97
    Michael Levin (1984). Why Homosexuality is Abnormal. The Monist 67 (2):251-283.
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  46. Alice Dreger, E. Feder & Anne Tamar-Mattis (forthcoming). Preventing Homosexuality (and Uppity Women) in the Womb. Bioethics Forum.
  47. Peter Singer, Homosexuality is Not Immoral.
    In recent years, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, and Spain have recognized marriages between people of the same sex. Several other countries recognize civil unions with similar legal effect. An even wider range of countries have laws against discrimination on the basis of a person’s sexual orientation, in areas like housing and employment. Yet in the world’s largest democracy, India, sex between two men remains a crime punishable, according to statute, by imprisonment for life.
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  48.  87
    Timothy F. Murphy (1987). Homosexuality and Nature: Happiness and the Law at Stake. Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):195-204.
  49.  1
    Teija Korhonen, Jari Kylmä, Jarmo Houtsonen, Maritta Välimäki & Tarja Suominen (2012). University Students' Knowledge of, and Attitudes Towards, Hiv and Aids, Homosexuality and Sexual Risk Behaviour: A Questionnaire Survey in Two Finnish Universities. Journal of Biosocial Science 44 (6):661-675.
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  50.  60
    Sonja J. Ellis (2002). Moral Reasoning and Homosexuality: The Acceptability of Arguments About Lesbian and Gay Issues. Journal of Moral Education 31 (4):455-467.
    In the political arena, lesbian and gay issues have been contested typically on grounds of human rights, but with variable success. Using a moral developmental framework, the purpose of this study was to explore preferences for different types of moral arguments when thinking about moral dilemmas around lesbian and gay issues. The analysis presented here comprised data collected from 545 students at UK universities who completed a questionnaire, part of which comprised a moral dilemma task. Findings of the (...)
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