Search results for 'homosexuality' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Noretta Koertge (ed.) (1981). The Nature and Causes of Homosexuality: A Philosophic and Scientific Inquiry. Haworth Press.score: 18.0
    For a balanced discussion of the main social, medical, and philosophical aspects of homosexuality, here is the ideal book. Written by philosophers of science, each comprehensive chapter takes a critical look at research on the etiology of homosexuality. Read Philosophy and Homosexuality and examine the evidence for both the sociobiological and hormonal explanations of homosexuality and study the definitions of sexual orientation and how they have affected research.
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  2. George Drazenovich (2012). A Foucauldian Analysis of Homosexuality. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (3):259-275.score: 18.0
    The present research paper approaches homosexuality from a Foucauldian perspective. Foucault's place and standing in a postmodern historical and cultural context will be explained. The paper outlines how homosexuality has been historically constructed and socially constituted. How sexuality became understood as a particular form of discourse, that is as a science, will be explored particularly with regard to the strategic use of confession as a producer of knowledge. I will present how homosexuality, as a medicalized, ontological identity (...)
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  3. Jamake Highwater (1997). The Mythology of Transgression: Homosexuality as Metaphor. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    Jamake Highwater is a master storyteller and one of our most visionary writers, hailed as "an eloquent bard, whose words are fire and glory" (Studs Terkel) and "a writer of exceptional vision and power" (Ana"is Nin). Author of more than thirty volumes of nonfiction, fiction, and poetry, Highwater--considered by many to be the intellectual heir of Joseph Campbell--has long been intrigued by how our mythological legacies have served as a foundation of modern civilization. Now, in The Mythology of Transgression, he (...)
     
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  4. Helga Varden (2012). A Feminist, Kantian Conception of the Right to Bodily Integrity: The Cases of Abortion and Homosexuality. In Sharon Crasnow & Anita Superson (eds.), Out of the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 16.0
    Pregnant women and persons engaging in homosexual practices compose two groups that have been and still are amongst those most severely subjected to coercive restrictions regarding their own bodies. From an historical point of view, it is a recent and rare phenomenon that a woman’s right to abortion and a person’s right to engage in homosexual interactions are recognized. Although most Western liberal states currently do recognize these rights, they are under continuous assault from various political and religious movements. Moreover, (...)
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  5. Eugene F. Rogers Jr (1999). Aquinas on Natural Law and the Virtues in Biblical Context Homosexuality as a Test Case. Journal of Religious Ethics 27 (1):29-56.score: 15.0
  6. Sean Brady (2012). John Addington Symonds (1840-1893) and Homosexuality: A Critical Edition of Sources. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 15.0
    This volume is an indispensable reference for a wide range of scholars working across multidisciplinary fields of inquiry that focus on British and continental histories of medicine and sexuality, gender history and studies of nineteenth ...
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  7. William R. Rice, Urban Friberg & Sergey Gavrilets (2013). Homosexuality Via Canalized Sexual Development: A Testing Protocol for a New Epigenetic Model. Bioessays 35 (9):764-770.score: 15.0
  8. Wayne R. Dynes & Stephen Donaldson (eds.) (1992). Homosexuality and Religion and Philosophy. Garland.score: 15.0
  9. Michael Ruse (1990). Homosexuality: A Philosophical Inquiry. Blackwell.score: 15.0
  10. Jeff Kirby (2003). A New Group-Selection Model for the Evolution of Homosexuality. Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):683-694.score: 14.0
    Abstract. Scientists have long puzzled over how homosexual orientation has evolved, given the assumed low relative fitness of homosexual individuals compared to heterosexual individuals. A number of theoretical models for the evolution of homosexuality have been postulated including balance polymorphism, "Fertile females", hypervariability of DNA sequences, kin selection, and "parental manipulation". In this paper, I propose a new group-selection model for the evolution of homosexuality which offers two advantages over existing models: (1) its non-assumption of genetic determinism, and (...)
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  11. H. E. Baber (2004). Is Homosexuality Sexuality? Theology.score: 12.0
    I argue on utilitarian grounds that while traditional constraints on heterosexual activity, including the prohibition of pre-marital sex and divorce may be justified by appeal to purely secular principles, no comparable prohibitions are justified as regards homosexual activity. Homosexuality is in this respect.
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  12. Andreas De Block & Pieter Adriaens (2004). Darwinizing Sexual Ambivalence: A New Evolutionary Hypothesis of Male Homosexuality. Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):59 – 76.score: 12.0
    At first sight, homosexuality has little to do with reproduction. Nevertheless, many neo-Darwinian theoreticians think that human homosexuality may have had a procreative value, since it enabled the close kin of homosexuals to have more viable offspring than individuals lacking the support of homosexual siblings. In this article, however, we will defend an alternative hypothesis - originally put forward by Freud in "A phylogenetic phantasy" - namely that homosexuality evolved as a means to strengthen social bonds. Consequently, (...)
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  13. Stephanie S. Turner (1996). Toward a Feminist Revision of Research Protocols on the Etiology of Homosexuality. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 3 (2):10-17.score: 12.0
    Examining the language and paradigms of science as rhetorical, that is, arising from the sociocultural forces that shape ideology, reveals androcentric assumptions that tend to thwart democratic public policy as well as effective methodology. This paper applies some recent feminist critiques of the biological sciences to the current research on the possible hormonal and genetic factors contributing to homosexuality, clarifying how this research perpetuates hierarchical binaries and suggesting ways to reconceptualize human sexuality through revised research protocols.
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  14. John Perry (2010). Gentiles and Homosexuals: A Brief History of an Analogy. Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (2):321-347.score: 12.0
    This paper examines the argument that moral approval of homosexuality is analogous to the early church's inclusion of gentiles. The analogy has a long but often overlooked history, dating back to the start of the modern gay-rights movement. It has recently gained greater prominence because of its importance to the Episcopal Church's debate with the wider Anglican Communion. Beginning with the Episcopal Church argument, we see that there are five specific areas most in need of further clarification. In this (...)
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  15. Peter Zachar & Kenneth Kendler (2012). The Removal of Pluto From the Class of Planets and Homosexuality From the Class of Psychiatric Disorders: A Comparison. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):4-.score: 12.0
    We compare astronomers' removal of Pluto from the listing of planets and psychiatrists' removal of homosexuality from the listing of mental disorders. Although the political maneuverings that emerged in both controversies are less than scientifically ideal, we argue that competition for "scientific authority" among competing groups is a normal part of scientific progress. In both cases, a complicated relationship between abstract constructs and evidence made the classification problem thorny.
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  16. Michael Ruse (1981). Medicine as Social Science: The Case of Freud on Homosexuality. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (4):361-386.score: 12.0
    This paper considers the question of whether the explanation of homosexual orientation offered by Sigmund Freud qualifies as a genuine explanation, judged by the criteria of the social sciences. It is argued that the explanation, namely that homosexual orientation is a function of atypical parental influences, is indeed an explanation of the kind found in the social sciences. Nevertheless, it is concluded that to date Freud's hypotheses about homosexuality are no more than unproven speculations. Also considered is the question (...)
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  17. Trevor Smith (2006). Homosexuality and the Bible. Teaching Philosophy 29 (4):299-306.score: 12.0
    The argument presented here explores homosexuality within the context of applied Christian ethics. The argument works by asking students to grapple with and define the common characteristics of all eros relationships. Once the students analytically break down eros relationships, and wrestle with defining concepts such as “love,” “sex,” and “desires,” basic biblical moral precepts are applied. After this biblical application it can be shown that there is latitude enough in Christian morality to openly permit homosexuality that iscompatible with (...)
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  18. John Perry (2012). Vocation and Creation: Beyond the Gentile-Homosexual Analogy. Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (2):385-400.score: 12.0
    One strand of the church's conversation about homosexuality compares present-day acceptance of homosexuals to the church's acceptance of Gentiles in Acts 15. In a previous article, “Gentiles and Homosexuals,” I presented the history of that strand. In a reply to my article, Olson proposes to reimagine the analogy via the “radical new perspective on Paul” and argues that doing so exposes problems with my original analysis. I defend myself against these criticisms, while also entering into the spirit of Olson's (...)
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  19. Eric H. Reitan (1999). Homosexuality, Misogyny, and God's Plan. Faith and Philosophy 16 (2):213-232.score: 12.0
    In response to powerful criticisms of older arguments, contemporary defenders of the Church’s traditional stance on homosexuality have fashioned a new kind of argument based upon the special relationship God created between the sexes. In this paper we examine two recent incarnations of this kind of argument and show that both fail to demonstrate the inherent immorality of homosexual relationships, and at most demonstrate that homosexual relationships are inferior to heterosexual relationships in certain respects. At the end of the (...)
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  20. Michael J. Reiss (1997). Teaching About Homosexuality and Heterosexuality. Journal of Moral Education 26 (3):343-352.score: 12.0
    Abstract Should schools teach about homosexuality and heterosexuality, and if so how? This paper outlines arguments both in favour of, and against, such teaching and concludes that, on balance, schools of 11?16/18?years?olds should teach about sexual orientation provided certain specified conditions are met. The author then defends the notion that to teach about sexual orientation is to teach about a controversial issue, but notes that few, if any, of the published approaches to teaching in this area treat it as (...)
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  21. Thomas G. Plante (2007). Ethical Considerations for Psychologists Screening Applicants for the Priesthood in the Catholic Church: Implications of the Vatican Instruction on Homosexuality. Ethics and Behavior 17 (2):131 – 136.score: 12.0
    The release of the Vatican instruction on homosexuality in the priesthood and Catholic seminaries poses several challenging ethical issues for the psychologists who conduct psychological screening evaluations for those men interested in religious life as Catholic priests. This brief article reviews some of the key ethical issues associated with these evaluations in light of the new Vatican instruction on homosexuality. The RRICC model based on the American Psychological Association's Code of Ethics (i.e., responsibility, respect, integrity, competence, and concern) (...)
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  22. Michael S. Merry (2005). Should Educators Accommodate Intolerance? Mark Halstead,1 Homosexuality, and the Islamic Case. Journal of Moral Education 34 (1):19-36.score: 12.0
    The ideological interface between Muslims and liberal educators undoubtedly is strained in the realm of sex education, and perhaps on no topic more so than homosexuality. Mark Halstead argues that schools should not try to ?undermine the faith? of Muslims, who object to teaching homosexuality as an ?acceptable alternative lifestyle?. In this article, I will argue against his monolithic presentation of Islam. Furthermore, I will argue that because Halstead presents a narrow view of Islam he is neglectful of (...)
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  23. John E. Petrovic (1999). Moral Democratic Education and Homosexuality: Censoring Morality. Journal of Moral Education 28 (2):201-209.score: 12.0
    With the increasingly heard voices of gays, lesbians and bisexuals in American society and their demands for recognition have come the responses of religious conservatives. In this article I consider whether the extreme moral positions that religious conservatives take are defensible. More specifically, I want to consider whether teachers who embrace such conservative positions should be permitted to act on them in their classrooms. My arguments lead me to distinguish between moral democratic and moralistic positions. The former I examine using (...)
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  24. Michael R. Dietrich (2000). Of Moths and Men: Theo Lang and the Persistence of Richard Goldschmidt's Theory of Homosexuality, 1916-1960. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):219 - 247.score: 12.0
    Using an analogy between moths and men, in 1916, Richard Goldschmidt proposed that homosexuality was a case of genetic intersexuality. As he strove to create a unified theory of sex determination that would encompass animals ranging from moths to men, Goldschmidt's doubts grew concerning the association of homosexuality with intersexuality until, in 1931, he dropped homosexuality from his theory of intersexuality. Despite Goldschmidt's explicit rejection of his theory of homosexuality, Theo Lang, a researcher in the Genealogical-Demographic (...)
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  25. P. A. McGavin (2012). A Closer Look at Discernment on Homosexuality and the Priesthood. Australasian Catholic Record, The 89 (1):63.score: 12.0
    McGavin, PA The Holy Father often speaks without a prepared text, and it is amazing how accurately he reads in transcription. This was brilliantly so in Light of the World interviews. Even his brief words at pages 118-119 on condoms - so breathlessly and inaccurately treated in the media - are so cast as to withstand close scrutiny. It is with this recognition that I address his lack of precision and perception in speaking on the question of homosexuality and (...)
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  26. Richard Rymarz (2013). Homosexuality and Following Jesus; The Plot to Kill God: Findings From the Soviet Experiment in Secularization [Book Review]. Australasian Catholic Record, The 90 (4):505.score: 12.0
    Rymarz, Richard Review(s) of: Homosexuality and following Jesus, by Paul Flaman, (Toronto: BPS Books, 2012), ISBN 9781926645780, pp.181, pb; The plot to kill god: Findings from the soviet experiment in secularization, by Paul Froese (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008), ISBN 9780520255289, pp.248, pb.
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  27. Peter Morgan (2012). Coming Out in Weimar Crisis and Homosexuality in the Weimar Republic. Thesis Eleven 111 (1):48-65.score: 12.0
    The perception of the Weimar Republic as the high-point of ‘classical modernity’ in which all areas of society were permeated by a fatal sense of crisis has been revised as an explanatory model in recent historiography. Historians have returned to this period with a new sense of the openness of the crisis environment, particularly in areas of social and cultural history. Male homosexuality emerged as a central theme of Weimar social and cultural crisis as it became possible for homosexual (...)
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  28. John E. Petrovic (2013). Reason, Liberalism, and Democratic Education: A Deweyan Approach to Teaching About Homosexuality. Educational Theory 63 (5):525-541.score: 12.0
    Teaching about homosexuality, especially in a positive light, has long been held to be a controversial issue. There is, however, a view of the capacity for reason that finds that those who deem homosexuality to be controversial will ultimately contradict themselves, becoming unreasonable. By this standard of reason, homosexuality should be treated as non controversial in schools. In this essay, John Petrovic argues that this epistemic position is problematic. Instead, he defends a Deweyan epistemology that casts reason (...)
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  29. Erin Gallagher-Cohoon (2013). “Illegal Loves and Sexual Deviancy: Homosexuality as a Threat in Cold War Canada”. Constellations 4 (2).score: 12.0
    This paper analyzes the criminalization and medicalization of homosexuality during the early twentieth century in Canada. Through court records and medical texts the discourse of homosexuality as a threat to the family unit and to the nation is contextualized within Cold War rhetoric. A Foucaultian conceptualization of power and discipline helps frame questions regarding homosexuality as a criminal offense and as a mental illness. It is argued that both state control and societal pressures constructed the homosexual as (...)
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  30. Vernon A. Rosario (ed.) (1997). Science and Homosexualities. Routledge.score: 12.0
    Science and Homosexualities is the first anthology by historians of science to examine European and American scientific research on sexual orientation since the coining of the word "homosexual" almost 150 years ago. This collection is particularly timely given the enormous scientific and popular interest in biological studies of homosexuality, and the importance given such studies in current legal, legislative and cultural debates concerning gay civil rights. However, scientific and popular literature discussing the biology of sexual orientation have been short-sighted (...)
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  31. Lance Wahlert (2013). The Burden of Poofs: Criminal Pathology, Clinical Scrutiny, and Homosexual Etiology in Queer Cinema. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (2):149-175.score: 12.0
    Given the resurgence of scientific studies on the etiology of homosexuality in the wake of the AIDS epidemic, this article considers the effects these studies had on contemporaneous queer filmmakers. By using the subject of criminality as a way to talk about homosexual causality, queer films of the 1990s illustrate that contemporary scientific studies on homosexuality were historically and politically situated in relation to cultural anxieties about other forms of deviance. This article focuses on films that dissect the (...)
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  32. A. A. Howsepian (2004). Treating Homosexuality: A Response to Yarhouse. Christian Bioethics 10 (2-3):259-267.score: 10.0
    Professor Mark A. Yarhouse proposes an ‘identity synthesis’ model of sexual modification therapy for homosexuals. This model is meant primarily to target the process by which one's sexual identity is synthesized, rather than the changing of sexual orientation itself. I highlight some of the advantages of Yarhouse's model along with some of its potential pitfalls. My primary point of departure with Yarhouse concerns how one ought to direct those selfidentified homosexual clients who fall within our clinical sphere of influence and (...)
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  33. Jami L. Anderson (2003). A Unique Propensity to Engage in Homosexual Acts. In Race, Gender, and Sexuality: Philosophical Issues of Identity and Justice.score: 10.0
    After stating "I am gay" Navy Lieutenant Paul G. Thomasson was honorably discharged from the military. In Thomasson v. Perry (1996), the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth District affirmed Thomasson's discharge. Thomasson is now considered the leading case evaluating the U.S. military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy. In this paper, I show that the court's analysis of the Department of Defense policy rests of two unarticulated and undefended assumptions about sexuality. The first is that an act of (...)
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  34. Jon C. Olson (2012). The Jerusalem Decree, Paul, and the Gentile Analogy to Homosexual Persons. Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (2):360-384.score: 10.0
    Revisionists and traditionalists appeal to Acts 15, welcoming the Gentiles, for analogies directing the church's response to homosexual persons. John Perry has analyzed the major positions. He faults revisionists for inadequate attention to the Jerusalem Decree and faults one traditionalist for using the Decree literally rather than through analogy. I argue that analogical use of the Decree must supplement rather than displace the plain sense. The Decree has been neglected due to assumptions that Paul opposed it, that it expired, or (...)
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  35. J. Bancroft (1975). Homosexuality and the Medical Profession: A Behaviourist's View. Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (4):176-180.score: 10.0
    That a homosexual -- man or woman -- is neither a sinner nor a sick person is the thesis of this paper by an authority on sexual deviation. Therefore, such a man or woman neither needs penance and pardon nor cure in the medical sense. Nevertheless such individuals sometimes need the help of doctors and must be treated with understanding. The medical profession also has, in the view of the behaviourist school of psychiatrists, of which Dr Bancroft is a member, (...)
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  36. John J. Anderson (2013). The Rhetoric of Homosexual Practice. Journal of Religious Ethics 41 (4):601-625.score: 10.0
    Many Protestant denominations have or recently had policies that prohibit “self-avowed practicing homosexuals” from being ordained. By only prohibiting “practicing” homosexuals, proponents of these policies claim that they do not discriminate against homosexuals as a group since, technically, a homosexual can still be ordained as long as she is “non-practicing.” In other words, a condemnation of homosexual practice is not the same as a condemnation of homosexual persons. I argue that this is not the case; the rhetoric of homosexual practice (...)
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  37. Mark Kingston (2009). Subversive Friendships: Foucault on Homosexuality and Social Experimentation. Foucault Studies 7:7-17.score: 10.0
    In some of his more obscure works, Michel Foucault characterises homosexual culture as being connected with an interesting practice of friendship. Since homosexual relationships cannot be derived from existing norms, they are inherently underdetermined, and this means that homosexual culture provides a space for the creation of new types of relationship. Inspired by this practice of social experimentation, Foucault puts forward a concept of friendship based on the collaborative creation of new relationships in marginal spaces. I argue that putting this (...)
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  38. Garland E. Allen (1997). The Double-Edged Sword of Genetic Determinism: Social and Political Agendas in Genetic Studies of Homosexuality, 1940–1994. [REVIEW] In Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities. Routledge. 242--270.score: 10.0
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  39. H. Uhert Kennedy (1997). Karl Heinrich Ulrichs First Theorist of Homosexuality. In Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities. Routledge.score: 10.0
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  40. Rosemary Auchmuty (2003). When Equality Is Not Equity:Homosexual Inclusion in Undue Influence Law. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 11 (2):163-190.score: 10.0
    In Barclay's Bank v. O'Brien(1993) the House of Lords extended the undue influence rules to heterosexual and homosexual cohabitees, a move that was widely welcomed and has been endorsed in Royal Bank of Scotland v. Etridge (No. 2) (2001). The paper argues that the extension to homosexual couples is inappropriate, since undue influence is largely a problem of heterosexuality. It is not accidental that there have been no reported cases of undue influence between lesbian or gay partners, not because abuses (...)
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  41. Margaret Gibson (1997). Clitoral Corruption: Body Metaphors and American Doctors' Constructions of Female Homosexuality, 1870-1900. In Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities. Routledge. 108--32.score: 10.0
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  42. Stephanie H. Kenen (1997). Who Counts When You're Counting Homosexuals? Hormones and Homosexuality in Mid-Twentieth Century America. In Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities. Routledge. 197--218.score: 10.0
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  43. Vernon A. Rosario (1997). Inversion's Histories/History's Inversions: Novelizing Fin-de-Siècle Homosexuality. In , Science and Homosexualities. Routledge. 89--107.score: 10.0
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  44. James D. Steakley (1997). Per Scientiam Ad Justitiam: Magnus Hirschfeld and the Sexual Politics of Innate Homosexuality. In Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities. Routledge. 133--54.score: 10.0
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  45. Jeff Jordan (1995). Is It Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of Homosexuality? Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (1):39-52.score: 9.0
  46. John Corvino (2005). Homosexuality and the PIB Argument. Ethics 115 (3):501-534.score: 9.0
  47. Peter Singer, Homosexuality is Not Immoral.score: 9.0
    In recent years, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, and Spain have recognized marriages between people of the same sex. Several other countries recognize civil unions with similar legal effect. An even wider range of countries have laws against discrimination on the basis of a person’s sexual orientation, in areas like housing and employment. Yet in the world’s largest democracy, India, sex between two men remains a crime punishable, according to statute, by imprisonment for life.
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  48. Raja Halwani, Gary Jaeger, James S. Stramel, Richard Nunan, William S. Wilkerson & Timothy F. Murphy (2008). What is Gay and Lesbian Philosophy? Metaphilosophy 39 (4-5):433-471.score: 9.0
    Abstract: This essay explores recent trends and major issues related to gay and lesbian philosophy in ethics (including issues concerning the morality of homosexuality, the natural function of sex, and outing and coming out); religion (covering past and present debates about the status of homosexuality and how biblical and qur'anic passages have been interpreted by both sides of the debate); the law (especially a discussion of the debates surrounding sodomy laws, same-sex marriage and its impact on transsexuals, and (...)
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  49. Timothy F. Murphy (1987). Homosexuality and Nature: Happiness and the Law at Stake. Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):195-204.score: 9.0
  50. Michael Levin (1984). Why Homosexuality is Abnormal. The Monist 67 (2):251-283.score: 9.0
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