Search results for 'iconic sign' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joseph Ransdell, On Peirce's Conception of the Iconic Sign.score: 45.0
    The changes from the original version are relatively minor, but enough to make it necessary to treat the present version as a distinct text for purposes of exact reference. Since there is no normal pagination on a web page, I assign in lieu of that paragraph numbers, included in brackets and placed flush right, just above the paragraph, for purposes of scholarly reference.
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  2. T. Kowzan (1985). Theatrical Iconography/Iconology: The Iconic Sign and Its Referent. Diogenes 33 (130):53-70.score: 45.0
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  3. Clifford Amyx (1947). The Iconic Sign in Aesthetics. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 6 (1):54-60.score: 45.0
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  4. Ernst Thoutenhoofd (2000). Philosophy's Real-World Consequences for Deaf People: Thoughts on Iconicity, Sign Language and Being Deaf. Human Studies 23 (3):261-279.score: 39.0
    The body of philosophical knowledge concerning the relations among language, the senses, and deafness, interpreted as a canon of key ideas which have found their way into folk metaphysics, constitutes one of the historically sustained conditions of the oppression of deaf people. Jonathan Rée, with his book I see a voice, makes the point that a philosophical history, grounded in a phenomenological and causal concern with philosophical thought and social life, can offer an archaeology of philosophy's contribution to the social (...)
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  5. Catherine Legg (2013). What is a Logical Diagram? In Sun-Joo Shin & Amirouche Moktefi (eds.), Visual Reasoning with Diagrams. Springer. 1-18.score: 37.0
    Robert Brandom’s expressivism argues that not all semantic content may be made fully explicit. This view connects in interesting ways with recent movements in philosophy of mathematics and logic (e.g. Brown, Shin, Giaquinto) to take diagrams seriously - as more than a mere “heuristic aid” to proof, but either proofs themselves, or irreducible components of such. However what exactly is a diagram in logic? Does this constitute a semiotic natural kind? The paper will argue that such a natural kind does (...)
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  6. Philippe Schlenker, Jonathan Lamberton & Mirko Santoro (2013). Iconic Variables. Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (2):91-149.score: 33.0
    We argue that some sign language loci (i.e. positions in signing space that realize discourse referents) are both formal variables and simplified representations of what they denote; in other words, they are simultaneously logical symbols and pictorial representations. We develop a 'formal semantics with iconicity' that accounts for their dual life; the key idea ('formal iconicity') is that some geometric properties of signs must be preserved by the interpretation function. We analyze in these terms three kinds of iconic (...)
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  7. Eeva Anita Elliott & Arthur M. Jacobs (2013). Facial Expressions, Emotions, and Sign Languages. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 27.0
    Facial expressions are used by humans to convey various types of meaning in various contexts. The range of meanings spans basic possibly innate socio-emotional concepts such as ‘surprise’ to complex and culture specific concepts such as ‘carelessly’. The range of contexts in which humans use facial expressions spans responses to events in the environment to particular linguistic constructions within sign languages. In this mini review we summarize findings on the use and acquisition of facial expressions by signers and present (...)
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  8. Catherine Legg (2006). Review of Anne Freadman. The Machinery of Talk: Charles Peirce and the Sign Hypothesis. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (4):642-645.score: 26.0
    This book, officially a contribution to the subject area of Charles Peirce’s semiotics, deserves a wider readership, including philosophers. Its subject matter is what might be termed the great question of how signification is brought about (what Peirce called the ‘riddle of the Sphinx’, who in Emerson’s poem famously asked, ‘Who taught thee me to name?’), and also Peirce’s answer to the question (what Peirce himself called his ‘guess at the riddle’, and Freadman calls his ‘sign hypothesis’).
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  9. P. Perniss, R. L. Thompson & G. Vigliocco (2009). Iconicity as a General Property of Language: Evidence From Spoken and Signed Languages. Frontiers in Psychology 1:227-227.score: 24.0
    Current views about language are dominated by the idea of arbitrary connections between linguistic form and meaning. However, if we look beyond the more familiar Indo-European languages and also include both spoken and signed language modalities, we find that motivated, iconic form-meaning mappings are, in fact, pervasive in language. In this paper, we review the different types of iconic mappings that characterize languages in both modalities, including the predominantly visually iconic mappings in signed languages. Having shown that (...)
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  10. Timo Maran (2011). Becoming a Sign: The Mimic's Activity in Biological Mimicry. Biosemiotics 4 (2):243-257.score: 23.0
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  11. Arthur K. Bierman (1962). That There Are No Iconic Signs. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (2):243-249.score: 21.0
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  12. John Deely (forthcoming). Antecedents to Peirce's Notion of Iconic Signs. Semiotics:109-120.score: 21.0
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  13. Robin Paul Malloy (2009). Place, Space, and Time in the Sign of Property. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 22 (3):265-277.score: 21.0
    Property is a complex sign in semiotics. It is also the source of tension and conflict in law. This paper examines property in triadic terms consisting of what Charles S. Peirce would identify as the icon (firstness), the index (secondness), and the symbol (thirdness). From this perspective the paper explores the ideas of place, space, and time at the iconic level of the sign of property. Discussion addresses the way in which property serves as a coded system (...)
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  14. Isabel P. Creed (1945). Iconic Signs and Expressiveness. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 3 (11/12):15-21.score: 21.0
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  15. Vladimir Miličič (forthcoming). Conventions of Poetry as Iconic Signs. Semiotics:347-353.score: 21.0
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  16. Ludovic De Cuypere & Klaas Willems (2008). Meaning and Reference in Aristotle's Concept of the Linguistic Sign. Foundations of Science 13 (3-4):307-324.score: 18.0
    To Aristotle, spoken words are symbols, not of objects in the world, but of our mental experiences related to these objects. Presently there are two major strands of interpretation of Aristotle’s concept of the linguistic sign. First, there is the structuralist account offered by Coseriu (Geschichte der Sprachphilosophie. Von den Anfängen bis Rousseau, 2003 [1969], pp. 65–108) whose interpretation is reminiscent of the Saussurean sign concept. A second interpretation, offered by Lieb (in: Geckeler (Ed.) Logos Semantikos: Studia Linguistica (...)
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  17. Göran Sonesson (2010). From Mimicry to Mime by Way of Mimesis. Sign Systems Studies 38 (1-4):18-65.score: 18.0
    Practically all theories of iconicity are denunciations of its subject matter (for example, those of Goodman, Bierman and the early Eco). My own theory of iconicity was developed in order to save a particular kind of iconicity, pictoriality, from such criticism. In this interest, I distinguished pure iconicity, iconic ground, and iconic sign, on one hand, and primary and secondary iconic signs, on the other hand. Since then, however, several things have happened. The conceptual tools that (...)
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  18. Philippe Schlenker (2011). Donkey Anaphora: The View From Sign Language (ASL and LSF). [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (4):341-395.score: 18.0
    There are two main approaches to the problem of donkey anaphora (e.g. If John owns a donkey , he beats it ). Proponents of dynamic approaches take the pronoun to be a logical variable, but they revise the semantics of quantifiers so as to allow them to bind variables that are not within their syntactic scope. Older dynamic approaches took this measure to apply solely to existential quantifiers; recent dynamic approaches have extended it to all quantifiers. By contrast, proponents of (...)
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  19. Björn Kralemann & Claas Lattmann (2013). Models as Icons: Modeling Models in the Semiotic Framework of Peirce's Theory of Signs. Synthese 190 (16):3397-3420.score: 18.0
    In this paper, we try to shed light on the ontological puzzle pertaining to models and to contribute to a better understanding of what models are. Our suggestion is that models should be regarded as a specific kind of signs according to the sign theory put forward by Charles S. Peirce, and, more precisely, as icons, i.e. as signs which are characterized by a similarity relation between sign (model) and object (original). We argue for this (1) by analyzing (...)
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  20. Joseph Ransdell, The Epistemic Function of Iconicity in Perception.score: 18.0
    The claim of this paper is that Peirce's conception of the iconic sign provides the key conceptual element required to solve the major problem traditionally associated with the doctrine of representative perception, according to which all perceptual awareness of things is mediated through representations or "ideas" of them. The problem this has generated in the philosophical tradition is based on construing the representation not merely as..
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  21. Han-Liang Chang (2012). Plato and Peirce on Likeness and Semblance. Biosemiotics 5 (3):301-312.score: 18.0
    In his well-known essay, ‘What Is a Sign?’(CP 2.281, 285) Peirce uses ‘likeness’ and ‘resemblance’ interchangeably in his definition of icon. The synonymity of the two words has rarely, if ever, been questioned. Curiously, a locus classicus of the pair, at least in F. M. Cornford’s English translation, can be found in a late dialogue of Plato, namely, the Sophist. In this dialogue on the myth and truth of the sophists’ profession, the mysterious ‘stranger’, who is most likely Socrates’ (...)
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  22. Hannah Anglin-Jaffe (2013). Signs of Resistance: Peer Learning of Sign Languages Within 'Oral' Schools for the Deaf. Studies in Philosophy and Education 32 (3):261-271.score: 18.0
    This article explores the role of the Deaf child as peer educator. In schools where sign languages were banned, Deaf children became the educators of their Deaf peers in a number of contexts worldwide. This paper analyses how this peer education of sign language worked in context by drawing on two examples from boarding schools for the deaf in Nicaragua and Thailand. The argument is advanced that these practices constituted a child-led oppositional pedagogy. A connection is drawn to (...)
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  23. Eszter Szabó Attila Krajcsi (2012). The Role of Number Notation: Sign-Value Notation Number Processing is Easier Than Place-Value. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Number notations can influence the way numbers are handled in computations; however, the role of notation itself in mental processing has not been examined directly. From a mathematical point of view, it is believed that place-value number notation systems, such as the Indo-Arabic numbers, are superior to sign-value systems, such as the Roman numbers. However, sign-value notation might have sufficient efficiency; for example, sign-value notations were common in flourishing cultures, such as in ancient Egypt. Herein we compared (...)
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  24. Ivano Caponigro & Kathryn Davidson (2011). Ask, and Tell as Well: Question–Answer Clauses in American Sign Language. Natural Language Semantics 19 (4):323-371.score: 18.0
    A construction is found in American Sign Language that we call a Question–Answer Clause. It is made of two parts: the first part looks like an interrogative clause conveying a question, while the second part resembles a declarative clause answering that question. The very same signer has to sign both, the entire construction is interpreted as truth-conditionally equivalent to a declarative sentence, and it can be uttered only under certain discourse conditions. These and other properties of Question–Answer Clauses (...)
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  25. Wing Chee So, Alvan Low, De Fu Yap, Eugene Kheng & Melvin Yap (2013). Iconic Gestures Prime Words: Comparison of Priming Effects When Gestures Are Presented Alone and When They Are Accompanying Speech. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    Previous studies have shown that iconic gestures presented in an isolated manner prime visually presented semantically related words. Since gestures and speech are almost always produced together, this study examined whether iconic gestures accompanying speech would prime words and compared the priming effect of iconic gestures with speech to that of iconic gestures presented alone. Adult participants (N=180) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions in a lexical decision task: Gestures-Only (the primes were iconic (...)
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  26. Felix Ahlner & Jordan Zlatev (2010). Cross-Modal Iconicity. Sign Systems Studies 38 (1-4):298-346.score: 18.0
    It is being increasingly recognized that the Saussurean dictum of “the arbitrariness of the linguistic sign” is in conflict with the pervasiveness of the phenomenon commonly known as “sound symbolism”. After first presenting a historical overview of the debate, however, we conclude that both positions have been exaggerated, and that an adequate explanation of sound symbolism is still lacking. How can there, for example, be (perceived) similarity between expressionsand contents across different sensory modalities? We offer an answer, based on (...)
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  27. Claire Bradley & Joel Pearson (2012). The Sensory Components of High-Capacity Iconic Memory and Visual Working Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Early visual memory can be split into two primary components: a high-capacity, short-lived iconic memory followed by a limited-capacity visual working memory that can last many seconds. Whereas a large number of studies have investigated visual working memory for low-level sensory features, much research on iconic memory has used more “high-level” alphanumeric stimuli such as letters or numbers. These two forms of memory are typically examined separately, despite an intrinsic overlap in their characteristics. Here, we used a purely (...)
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  28. Joel Pearson Claire Bradley (2012). The Sensory Components of High-Capacity Iconic Memory and Visual Working Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Early visual memory can be split into two primary components: a high-capacity, short-lived iconic memory followed by a limited-capacity visual working memory that can last many seconds. Whereas a large number of studies have investigated visual working memory for low-level sensory features, much research on iconic memory has used more “high-level” alphanumeric stimuli such as letters or numbers. These two forms of memory are typically examined separately, despite an intrinsic overlap in their characteristics. Here, we used a purely (...)
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  29. Ersu Ding (2005). Hidden Iconicity: A Peircean Perspective on the Chinese Picto-Phonetic Sign. Semiotica 2005 (154 - 1/4):273-85.score: 18.0
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  30. Attila Krajcsi & Eszter Szabó (2012). The Role of Number Notation: Sign-Value Notation Number Processing is Easier Than Place-Value. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Number notations can influence the way numbers are handled in computations; however, the role of notation itself in mental processing has not been examined directly. From a mathematical point of view, it is believed that place-value number notation systems, such as the Indo-Arabic numbers, are superior to sign-value systems, such as the Roman numbers. However, sign-value notation might have sufficient efficiency; for example, sign-value notations were common in flourishing cultures, such as in ancient Egypt. Herein we compared (...)
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  31. Robert D. Melara Marjan Persuh, Boris Genzer (2012). Iconic Memory Requires Attention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Two experiments investigated whether attention plays a role in iconic memory, employing either a change-detection paradigm (Experiment 1) or a partial-report paradigm (Experiment 2). In each experiment, attention was taxed during initial display presentation, focusing the manipulation on consolidation of information into iconic memory, prior to transfer into working memory. Observers were able to maintain high levels of performance (accuracy of change detection or categorization) even when concurrently performing an easy visual search task (low load). However, when the (...)
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  32. Panagiotis Pantidos, Kostas Valakas, Evangelos Vitoratos & Konstantinos Ravanis (2008). Towards Applied Semiotics: An Analysis of Iconic Gestural Signs Regarding Physics Teaching in the Light of Theatre Semiotics. Semiotica 2008 (172):201-231.score: 18.0
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  33. Marjan Persuh, Boris Genzer & Robert D. Melara (2012). Iconic Memory Requires Attention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Two experiments investigated whether attention plays a role in iconic memory, employing either a change-detection paradigm (Experiment 1) or a partial-report paradigm (Experiment 2). In each experiment, attention was taxed during initial display presentation, focusing the manipulation on consolidation of information into iconic memory, prior to transfer into working memory. Observers were able to maintain high levels of performance (accuracy of change detection or categorization) even when concurrently performing an easy visual search task (low load). However, when the (...)
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  34. Bencie Woll & Jechil S. Sieratzki (1998). Echo Phonology: Signs of a Link Between Gesture and Speech. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):531-532.score: 16.0
    This commentary supports MacNeilage's dismissal of an evolutionary development from sign language to spoken language but presents evidence of a feature in sign language (echo phonology) that links iconic signs to abstract vocal syllables. These data provide an insight into possible mechanism by which iconic manual gestures accompanied by vocalisation could have provided a route for the evolution of spoken language with its characteristically arbitrary form–meaning relationship.
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  35. Guido Ferraro (2010). Analogical Associations in the Frame of a “Neoclassical” Semiotic Theory. Sign Systems Studies 38 (1-4):67-89.score: 16.0
    It has been a long time since the concept of iconic signs was proposed by C. S. Peirce. From that time on, we have been increasingly realizing that semiotic systems are for the most part established just on some type of similarity. But the more we see the sphere of analogical signification expanding its realm, themore we become aware of how inadequate is the notion of a simple relationship connecting locally a physical object with a second object, or with (...)
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  36. Nathan Moore (2007). Icons of Control: Deleuze, Signs, Law. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 20 (1):33-54.score: 16.0
    This paper is broadly concerned with Deleuze’s distinction between ‚la loi et les lois’ on the one hand, and jurisprudence on the other. Jurisprudence is the␣creative action of legal practice, the process by which it is forced to think constructively and anew. In such circumstances legal thought is akin to Deleuze’s concept of the event. I explore the distinction between law and jurisprudence by way of Deleuze’s comments on control societies, arguing that, under control, law ceases to be a juridical (...)
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  37. Felice Cimatti (2000). The Circular Semiosis of Giorgio Prodi. Sign Systems Studies 28:351-378.score: 15.0
    Prodi's semiotics theory comes into being to answer a radical question: if a sign is a cross-reference, what guarantees the relation between the sign and the object to which it is referring? Prodi rebukes all traditional solutions: a subject's voluntary intention, a convention, the iconic relation between sign and object. He refutes the fIrst answer because the notion of intention, upon which it is based, is, indeed, a fully mysterious entity. The conventionalist answer is just as (...)
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  38. Bruno Osimo (2008). Jakobson. Sign Systems Studies 36 (2):315-338.score: 15.0
    Jakobson, in his essays, has tried to insert Peirce’s typology of signs (icon, index, symbol) in his own binary logic, in which every feature of a text may be considered or dismissed either with a 0 or with a 1 (absent, present). In so doing, he used the features “similarity versus contiguity” and “imputed versus factual”, and discovered that the notion of “imputed similarity” was not covered by Peirce’s triad. Hence the search for it. In this article, whose ideological basis (...)
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  39. Felicia Kruse (2007). Is Music a Pure Icon? Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4):626 - 635.score: 15.0
    : In his landmark book, Peirce's Theory of Signs, T. L. Short argues that music signifies as a pure icon. A pure icon, according to Peirce, is not a likeness. It "does not draw any distinction between itself and its object" (EP2:163), and it "serves as a sign solely and simply by exhibiting the quality it serves to signify" (EP2:306). In music, this quality consists of the specifically musical feelings or ideas contained in the piece in question, and such (...)
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  40. Ralph Norman Haber (1983). The Impending Demise of the Icon: A Critique of the Concept of Iconic Storage in Visual Information Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):1.score: 15.0
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  41. Ivan Mladenov (2001). Unlimited Semiosis and Heteroglossia (C. S. Peirce and M. M. Bakhtin). Sign Systems Studies 29 (2):441-460.score: 15.0
    The article draws paralles between Bakhtin's literary theory and some of the Peirce's philosophical concepts. The comparisons with Bakhtin go beyond the theory of heteroglossia and reveal that related notions were implicitly originated by Dostoevsky. The elaboration of the concepts of dialogue, "self" and "other" continue into the ideas of consciousness, iconic effects in literature, and the semiotic aspect of thought. Especially important in this chapter is the aspect of Peirce's theory concerned with the endless growth of interpretation and (...)
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  42. Alessandro Bertinetto (2012). Bild. Fichte Und der "Iconic Turn&Quot;. Fichte-Studien 36:269-284.score: 15.0
  43. Peder Voetmann Christiansen (2002). Habit Formation as Symmetry Breaking in the Early Universe. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):347-359.score: 15.0
    This paper tries to combine Peirce’s cosmology and metaphysics with current understanding in physics of the evolution of the universe, regarded as an ongoing semiotic process in a living cosmos. While the basic property of Life is viewed as an unexplainable Firstness inherent in the initial iconic state of the vacuous continuum we shall consider and exemplify two sign developing processes: (a) the transition from icon to index is considered as a symmetry breaking emergence of order actualising one (...)
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  44. K. Cormier, A. Schembri, D. Vinson & E. Orfanidou (2012). First Language Acquisition Differs From Second Language Acquisition in Prelingually Deaf Signers: Evidence From Sensitivity to Grammaticality Judgement in British Sign Language. Cognition 124 (1):50-65.score: 15.0
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  45. Kalevi Kull (2002). A Sign is Not Alive — a Text Is. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):327-335.score: 15.0
    The article deals with the relationships between the concepts of life process and sign process, arguing against the simplified equation of these concepts. Assuming that organism (and its particular case — cell) is the carrier of what is called ‘life’, we attempt to find a correspondent notion in semiotics that can be equalled to the feature of being alive. A candidate for this is the textual process as a multiple sign action. Considering that biological texts are generally non-linguistic, (...)
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  46. J. P. Morford, E. Wilkinson, A. Villwock, P. Piñar & J. F. Kroll (2011). When Deaf Signers Read English: Do Written Words Activate Their Sign Translations? Cognition 118 (2):286-292.score: 15.0
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  47. Tommi Vehkavaara (2003). Natural Self-Interest, Interactive Representation, and the Emergence of Objects and Umwelt. Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):547-586.score: 15.0
    In biosemiotics, life and living phenomena are described by means of originally anthropomorphic semiotic concepts. This can be justified if we can show that living systems as self-maintaining far from equilibrium systems create and update some kind of representation about the conditions of their self-maintenance. The point of view is the one of semiotic realism where signs and representations are considered as real and objective natural phenomena without any reference to the specifically human interpreter. It is argued that the most (...)
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  48. Mats Bergman (2005). C. S. Peirce's Dialogical Conception of Sign Processes. Studies in Philosophy and Education 24 (3-4):213-233.score: 15.0
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  49. Elize Bisanz (2002). The Abstract Structure of the Aesthetic Sign. Sign Systems Studies 30 (2):707-721.score: 15.0
    Walter Benjamin foreshadowed many of the aesthetic theories, currently playing a fundamental role in the production and interpretation of art. By emphasising the role of the expressive character of art, or rather the category of expressivity itself, Benjamin defined art as a language. His aesthetics was characterised by the continuous interaction of two almost reciprocal projects: the theoretical critique of art which is based on an understanding of historical processes, and the understanding of historical processes which is formed by the (...)
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  50. Lester A. Lefton & Anne B. Spragins (1974). Orthographic Structure and Reading Experience Affect the Transfer From Iconic to Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):775.score: 15.0
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