Search results for 'information processing' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Gualtiero Piccinini & Andrea Scarantino (2011). Information Processing, Computation, and Cognition. Journal of Biological Physics 37 (1):1-38.score: 240.0
    Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Gualtiero Piccinini & Andrea Scarantino (2010). Computation Vs. Information Processing: Why Their Difference Matters to Cognitive Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):237-246.score: 240.0
    Since the cognitive revolution, it’s become commonplace that cognition involves both computation and information processing. Is this one claim or two? Is computation the same as information processing? The two terms are often used interchangeably, but this usage masks important differences. In this paper, we distinguish information processing from computation and examine some of their mutual relations, shedding light on the role each can play in a theory of cognition. We recommend that theoristError: Illegal (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Max Velmans (1991). Is Human Information Processing Conscious? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):651-69.score: 240.0
    Investigations of the function of consciousness in human information processing have focused mainly on two questions: (1) where does consciousness enter into the information processing sequence and (2) how does conscious processing differ from preconscious and unconscious processing. Input analysis is thought to be initially "preconscious," "pre-attentive," fast, involuntary, and automatic. This is followed by "conscious," "focal-attentive" analysis which is relatively slow, voluntary, and flexible. It is thought that simple, familiar stimuli can be identified (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Vinod Goel (1991). Notationality and the Information Processing Mind. Minds and Machines 1 (2):129-166.score: 240.0
    Cognitive science uses the notion of computational information processing to explain cognitive information processing. Some philosophers have argued that anything can be described as doing computational information processing; if so, it is a vacuous notion for explanatory purposes.An attempt is made to explicate the notions of cognitive information processing and computational information processing and to specify the relationship between them. It is demonstrated that the resulting notion of computational information (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Nir Fresco & Marty J. Wolf (2014). The Instructional Information Processing Account of Digital Computation. Synthese 191 (7):1469-1492.score: 240.0
    What is nontrivial digital computation? It is the processing of discrete data through discrete state transitions in accordance with finite instructional information. The motivation for our account is that many previous attempts to answer this question are inadequate, and also that this account accords with the common intuition that digital computation is a type of information processing. We use the notion of reachability in a graph to defend this characterization in memory-based systems and underscore the importance (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. [deleted]Doug Roberts-Wolfe, Matthew Sacchet, Elizabeth Hastings, Harold Roth & Willoughby Britton (2012). Mindfulness Training Alters Emotional Memory Recall Compared to Active Controls: Support for an Emotional Information Processing Model of Mindfulness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:15.score: 240.0
    Objectives: While mindfulness-based interventions have received widespread application in both clinical and non-clinical populations, the mechanism by which mindfulness meditation improves well-being remains elusive. One possibility is that mindfulness training alters the processing of emotional information, similar to prevailing cognitive models of depression and anxiety. The aim of this study was to investigating the effects of mindfulness training on emotional information processing (i.e. memory) biases in relation to both clinical symptomatology and well-being in comparison to active (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Hagen Lindstädt (2001). More Nonconcavities in Information Processing Functions. Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):351-365.score: 240.0
    The productivity of (human) information processing as an economic activity is a question that is raising some interest. Using Marschak's evaluation framework, Radner and Stiglitz have shown that, under certain conditions, the production function of this activity has increasing marginal returns in its initial stage. This paper shows that, under slightly different conditions, this information processing function has repeated convexities with ongoing processing activity. Even for smooth changes in the signals' likelihoods, the function is only (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. [deleted]Shigenobu Kanba Toshihiko Maekawa, Satomi Katsuki, Junji Kishimoto, Toshiaki Onitsuka, Katsuya Ogata, Takao Yamasaki, Takefumi Ueno, Shozo Tobimatsu (2013). Altered Visual Information Processing Systems in Bipolar Disorder: Evidence From Visual MMN and P3. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 240.0
    Objective: Mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3 are unique ERP components that provide objective indices of human cognitive functions such as short-term memory and prediction. Bipolar disorder (BD) is an endogenous psychiatric disorder characterized by extreme shifts in mood, energy, and ability to function socially. BD patients usually show cognitive dysfunction, and the goal of this study was to access their altered visual information processing via visual MMN (vMMN) and P3 using windmill pattern stimuli. Methods: Twenty patients with BD (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. [deleted]Markus Kiefer (2012). Executive Control Over Unconscious Cognition: Attentional Sensitization of Unconscious Information Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 240.0
    Unconscious priming is a prototypical example of an automatic process, which is initiated without deliberate intention. Classical theories of automaticity assume that such unconscious automatic processes occur in a purely bottom-up driven fashion independent of attentional control mechanisms. In contrast to these classical theories, our attentional sensitization model of unconscious information processing proposes that unconscious processing is susceptible to attentional top-down control and is only elicited if the cognitive system is configured accordingly. It is assumed that unconscious (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Luís Santos-Pinto (2009). Asymmetries in Information Processing in a Decision Theory Framework. Theory and Decision 66 (4):317-343.score: 240.0
    Research in psychology suggests that some individuals are more sensitive to positive than to negative information while others are more sensitive to negative rather than positive information. I take these cognitive positive–negative asymmetries in information processing to a Bayesian decision-theory model and explore its consequences in terms of decisions and payoffs. I show that in monotone decision problems economic agents with more positive-responsive information structures are always better off, ex ante, when they face problems where (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Kenneth M. Sayre (1986). Intentionality and Information Processing: An Alternative Model for Cognitive Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):121-38.score: 240.0
    This article responds to two unresolved and crucial problems of cognitive science: (1) What is actually accomplished by functions of the nervous system that we ordinarily describe in the intentional idiom? and (2) What makes the information processing involved in these functions semantic? It is argued that, contrary to the assumptions of many cognitive theorists, the computational approach does not provide coherent answers to these problems, and that a more promising start would be to fall back on mathematical (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Jeffrey White (forthcoming). Without Conscience – An Information Processing Model of Psychopathy and Anti-Social Personality Disorders. In Moral Psychology. Nova Publications.score: 240.0
    Psychopathy is best regarded as a complex family of disorders. The upside is that this family can be tightly related along identifiable common dimensions. Characteristic marks of psychopaths include a lack of guilt and remorse for paradigm case immoral actions, leading to the common conception of psychopathy rooted in affective disfunctions. An adequate portrait of psychopathy is much more complicated, however. Though some neural regions and corresponding functions are commonly indicated, they range across those responsible for action planning and learning, (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Roger D. Orpwood (2013). Qualia Could Arise From Information Processing in Local Cortical Networks. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (March).score: 234.0
    Re-entrant feedback, either within sensory cortex or arising from prefrontal areas, has been strongly linked to the emergence of consciousness, both in theoretical and experimental work. This idea, together with evidence for local micro-consciousness, suggests the generation of qualia could in some way result from local network activity under re-entrant activation. This paper explores the possibility by examining the processing of information by local cortical networks. It highlights the difference between the information structure (how the information (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Nir Fresco (2013). Instructional Information Processing: Replies Considered. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):71-72.score: 216.0
    Wolf and White address different aspects of the paper and in this present reply space only permits making two brief remarks. One concerns White’s intriguing observation that digital computation without erasing information is possible. The second concerns the importance of control information in digital computing systems.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Edward A. Holden (1973). Effects of Stimulus Alternation on Sequential Information Processing by Retarded and Nonretarded Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):262.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Ralph Norman Haber (1983). The Impending Demise of the Icon: A Critique of the Concept of Iconic Storage in Visual Information Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):1.score: 210.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Ira H. Bernstein, Ned N. Pederson & Donald L. Schurman (1972). Intersensory Versus Intrasensory Contingent Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (2):156.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Richard F. Dillon & L. Starling Reid (1969). Short-Term Memory as a Function of Information Processing During the Retention Interval. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):261.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Vladimir E. Bondarenko (2005). Information Processing, Memories, and Synchronization in Chaotic Neural Network with the Time Delay. Complexity 11 (2):39-52.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. George E. Briggs & James M. Swanson (1970). Encoding, Decoding, and Central Functions in Human Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):296.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. George E. Briggs & John Blaha (1969). Memory Retrieval and Central Comparison Times in Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):395.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Charles W. Eriksen & Terry Spencer (1969). Rate of Information Processing in Visual Perception: Some Results and Methodological Considerations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p2):1.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Paul M. Fitts & Gail Switzer (1962). Cognitive Aspects of Information Processing: I. The Familiarity of S-R Sets and Subsets. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (4):321.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Paul M. Fitts (1966). Cognitive Aspects of Information Processing: III. Set for Speed Versus Accuracy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (6):849.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Douglas Griffith & William A. Johnston (1973). An Information-Processing Analysis of Visual Imagery. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):141.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. William C. Howell & David L. Kreidler (1964). Instructional Sets and Subjective Criterion Levels in a Complex Information-Processing Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (6):612.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Richard P. LeMay & J. Richard Simon (1969). Temporal and Symbolic S-R Compatibility in a Sequential Information-Processing Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):558.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Robert E. Morin, Bert Forrin & Wayne Archer (1961). Information Processing Behavior: The Role of Irrelevant Stimulus Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (1):89.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Raymond M. Bergner (2006). Cognition: Unobservable Information Processing or Private Social Practice? Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 26 (1-2):154-171.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Charles M. Solley & Fred W. Snyder (1958). Information Processing and Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (4):384.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Marty J. Wolf (2013). The Importance of Actualizing Control in the Processing of Instructional Information. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):67-70.score: 210.0
    This commentary on Fresco's article "Information processing as an account of concrete digital computation" illuminates the two intertwined roles that the definition of the term "information" plays in Fresco's analysis. It provides analysis of the notion of actualizing control in information processing. The key point made is that not all control information in common computational devices cannot be processed.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Irving Biederman (1972). Human Performance in Contingent Information-Processing Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):219.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Paul M. Fitts, James R. Peterson & Gerson Wolpe (1963). Cognitive Aspects of Information Processing: II. Adjustments to Stimulus Redundancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (5):423.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. William C. Howell & David L. Kreidler (1963). Information Processing Under Contradictory Instructional Sets. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):39.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Nancy W. Ingling (1972). Categorization: A Mechanism for Rapid Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):239.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. William A. Johnston, Rollie R. Wagstaff & Douglas Griffith (1972). Information-Processing Analysis of Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):307.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Robert K. Lindsay & Jane M. Lindsay (1966). Reaction Time and Serial Versus Parallel Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):294.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Irwin D. Nahinsky & Frank L. Slaymaker (1969). Sampling Without Replacement and Information Processing Following Correct Responses in Concept Identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):475.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Richard W. Olshavsky & Lee W. Gregg (1970). Information Processing Rates and Task Complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):131.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Fred L. Royer (1971). Information Processing of Visual Figures in the Digit Symbol Substitution Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (3):335-342.score: 210.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. A. F. Sanders & J. W. Van Borselen (1966). Continuing Memory and Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (6):844.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. J. Richard Simon, John L. Craft & A. M. Small (1970). Manipulating the Strength of a Stereotype: Interference Effects in an Auditory Information-Processing Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):63.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. J. Richard Simon, A. M. Small, Richard A. Ziglar & John L. Craft (1970). Response Interference in an Information Processing Task: Sensory Versus Perceptual Factors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):311.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Harold L. Williams, Wesley S. Beaver, Mary T. Spence & Orvis H. Rundell (1969). Digital and Kinesthetic Memory with Interpolated Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):530.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. John D. Williams (1971). Memory Ensemble Selection in Human Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (2):231.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. [deleted]N. Pisapia (2012). Unconscious Information Processing in Executive Control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:21-21.score: 204.0
    Unconscious information processing in executive control.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Ansgar Beckermann (1995). Visual Information Processing and Phenomenal Consciousness. In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Conscious Experience. Ferdinand Schoningh.score: 192.0
    As far as an adequate understanding of phenomenal consciousness is concerned, representationalist theories of mind which are modelled on the information processing paradigm, are, as much as corresponding neurobiological or functionalist theories, confronted with a series of arguments based on inverted or absent qualia considerations. These considerations display the following pattern: assuming we had complete knowledge about the neural and functional states which subserve the occurrence of phenomenal consciousness, would it not still be conceivable that these neural states (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Valerie Gray Hardcastle (1995). A Critique of Information Processing Theories of Consciousness. Minds and Machines 5 (1):89-107.score: 192.0
    Information processing theories in psychology give rise to executive theories of consciousness. Roughly speaking, these theories maintain that consciousness is a centralized processor that we use when processing novel or complex stimuli. The computational assumptions driving the executive theories are closely tied to the computer metaphor. However, those who take the metaphor serious — as I believe psychologists who advocate the executive theories do — end up accepting too particular a notion of a computing device. In this (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. H. Nakashima (1999). AI as Complex Information Processing. Minds and Machines 9 (1):57-80.score: 192.0
    In this article, I present a software architecture for intelligent agents. The essence of AI is complex information processing. It is impossible, in principle, to process complex information as a whole. We need some partial processing strategy that is still somehow connected to the whole. We also need flexible processing that can adapt to changes in the environment. One of the candidates for both of these is situated reasoning, which makes use of the fact that (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Nir Fresco (2013). Information Processing as an Account of Concrete Digital Computation. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):31-60.score: 192.0
    It is common in cognitive science to equate computation (and in particular digital computation) with information processing. Yet, it is hard to find a comprehensive explicit account of concrete digital computation in information processing terms. An information processing account seems like a natural candidate to explain digital computation. But when ‘information’ comes under scrutiny, this account becomes a less obvious candidate. Four interpretations of information are examined here as the basis for an (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000