Search results for 'internal relation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  29
    Jakub Mácha (2009). Metaphor: Perceiving an Internal Relation. In Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society
    The problem of metaphor has come to a noteworthy revival in the analytical philosophy of today. Despite all progress that has been made, the majority of important studies consider the function of metaphor as an analogue to visual perception. Such comparison may be conceived as metaphor as well. In his late philosophy, Wittgenstein spent a lot of effort to explain the use of the expression "seeing as". I argue that his explanations can be transposed to the explanation of the function (...)
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  2. David Yates (2016). Is Powerful Causation an Internal Relation? In Anna Marmodoro & David Yates (eds.), The Metaphysics of Relations. OUP 138-156.
    In this paper I consider whether a powers ontology facilitates a reduction of causal relations to intrinsic powers of the causal relata. I first argue that there is a tension in the view that powerful causation is an internal relation in this sense. Powers are ontologically dependent on other powers for their individuation, but in that case—given an Aristotelian conception of properties as immanent universals—powers will not be intrinsic on several extant analyses of ‘intrinsic’, since to possess a (...)
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  3. Ingvar Johansson (2004). Truthmaking: A Cognition-Independent Internal Relation with Heterogeneous Relata. In Johann Christian Marek & Maria Elisabeth Reicher (eds.), Experience and Analysis: Papers of the 27th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 154--56.
    For many assertions, the correspondence theory of truth seems intuitively to give the best account of the difference between truth and falsity, but one of its problems is how to explicate the notions of “correspondence” and “truthmaking”. In conformity with the view of David Armstrong, it is claimed that truthmaking is an internal relation between a truthmaker and a truth(-value-)bearer. The truthbearer (a token proposition) can exist without the truthmaker (an object or a state of affairs), and vice (...)
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  4. Alberto Voltolini (2006). Reference Intentionality is an Internal Relation. In S. Miguens, J. A. Pinto & C. E. Mauro (eds.), Analyses. Facultade de Letras da Universidade Do Porto 66-78.
    In this paper, I will focus on the basic form of intentionality, reference intentionality (from now on, RI), the property an intentional state has of being ‘directed upon’ a certain object, its intentional object. I will try to prove that (as Husserl, Wittgenstein and others originally envisaged) RI is not only a state - intentional object relation, but it also is an internal, i.e., a necessary, relation between that state and that object, at least in the sense (...)
     
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  5. Jürgen Habermas (1995). On the Internal Relation Between the Rule of Law and Democracy. European Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):12-20.
  6.  18
    Jocelyn Benoist (2005). Seeking and Finding: Intentionality as an Internal and an External Relation. Synthesis Philosophica 20 (2):327-338.
    The author asks whether intentionality could be described as an internal or an external relation. After he has shown that it is impossible to reduce intentionality to mere external relations, he emphasizes that it is not possible either to consider it to be an internal relation exclusively. There is no intentional internal relation without its context of external relations that permit it to work. The author tries to make a case for that by analyzing (...)
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  7.  12
    Judith Jarvis (1961). Definition by Internal Relation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):125 – 142.
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  8.  3
    Judith Jarvis (1961). Definition by Internal Relation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):125-142.
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  9.  2
    Kathryn Russell (1984). The Internal Relation Between Production and Reproduction: Reflections on the Manipulation of Family Life in South Africa. Journal of Social Philosophy 15 (2):14-25.
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  10.  4
    C. J. F. Williams (1963). Definition by Internal Relation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 41 (1):76 – 79.
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  11. Jocelyn Benoist (2006). Traženje i pronalaženje. Intencionalnost kao unutarnja i izvanjska relacija: Seeking and Finding: Intentionality as an Internal andan External Relation. Filozofska Istrazivanja 26 (2):347-358.
    Autor pita može li se intencionalnost opisati kao unutarnji ili kao izvanjski odnos. Nakon što je pokazao da je nemoguće reducirati intencionalnost na puke izvanjske odnose, on naglašuje da nije moguće niti pojmiti ju ekskluzivno kao unutarnji odnos. Nema intencionalnog unutarnjeg odnosa bez njegova konteksta izvanjskih odnosa koji mu dopuštaju da djeluje. Autor pokušava pokazati primjer za to analizirajući problem determiniranja intencionalnosti kao povezane s anticipativnom strukturom intencionalnosti, s posebnom pozornošću, s jedne strane, prema stvari ambigviteta, te s druge strane, (...)
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  12.  4
    Gerard Kuyper (1987). Is Knowledge An Internal Or An External Relation Between A Person And A Proposition? Dialectica 41 (3):209-220.
    SummaryIn this paper Russell's discovery of external relations and his refutation of the doctrine of internal relations is traced to Hume's view on “philosophical” relations. Next the concepts of internal and external relation are applied to the analysis of knowledge. The most widely received analysis, the Justified True Belief‐conception, is investigated for its resources in answering the question whether knowledge is an internal or an external relation between a person and a believed proposition. There are (...)
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  13.  1
    A. M. Thorson (1925). The Relation of Tongue Movements to Internal Speech. Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (1):1.
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  14. Colin McGinn (1982). According to Fodor, Beliefs (and I Shall Take These as Exemplary) Involve Relations to Internal Representations: To Believe That P is to Be in a Certain Relation to Some Internal State s Which Represents. In Andrew Woodfield (ed.), Thought and Object: Essays on Intentionality. Oxford: Clarendon Press 207.
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  15. Alena Orlová † (2004). Relation Between the Internal Stress Measured in Creep and the Stress Generated by the Dislocation Structure in the Fcc Metals. Philosophical Magazine 84 (32):3419-3426.
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  16.  1
    Nooraisah Katmon & Omar Al Farooque (forthcoming). Exploring the Impact of Internal Corporate Governance on the Relation Between Disclosure Quality and Earnings Management in the UK Listed Companies. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  17. A. K. M. Alauddin Chowdhury (1986). Infant Mortality in Relation to Internal Migration in Rural Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (4):449-456.
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  18. Max Kistler (2005). Necessary Laws. In Jan Faye, Paul Needham, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.), Nature’s Principles. Springer 201-227.
    In the first part of this paper, I argue against the view that laws of nature are contingent, by attacking a necessary condition for its truth within the framework of a conception of laws as relations between universals. I try to show that there is no independent reason to think that universals have an essence independent of their nomological properties. However, such a non-qualitative essence is required to make sense of the idea that different laws link the same universals in (...)
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  19.  85
    Jakub Mácha (2011). Metaphor in the Twilight Area Between Philosophy and Linguistics. In P. Stalmaszczyk & K. Kosecki (eds.), Turning Points in the Philosophy of Language and Linguistics. Peter Lang 159--169.
    This paper investigates the issue whether metaphors have a metaphorical or secondary meaning and how this question is related to the borderline between philosophy and linguistics. On examples by V. Woolf and H. W. Auden, it will be shown that metaphor accomplishes something more than its literal meaning expresses and this “more” cannot be captured by any secondary meaning. What is essential in the metaphor is not a secondary meaning but an internal relation between a metaphorical proposition and (...)
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  20.  39
    Helge Malmgren (1975). Internal Relations in the Analysis of Consciousness. Theoria 41 (2):61-83.
  21.  5
    Arley R. Moreno (2009). Pragmática da relação/propriedade interna. Doispontos 6 (1).
    In this article we seek to show that the evolution of the concept of internal relation or internal property expresses a requirement, at the same time ethical and theoretical, which will lead Wittgenstein to the acceptance of pragmatic elements in the once formal field of the transcendental.
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  22. Hilan Bensusan & Manuel de Pinedo, Priority Monism, Physical Intentionality and the Internal Relatedness of All Things.
    Schaffer (2010) argues that the internal relatedness of all things, no matter how it is conceived, entails priority monism. He claims that a sufficiently pervasive internal relation among objects implies the priority of the whole, understood as a concrete object. This paper shows that at least in the case of an internal relatedness of all things conceived in terms of physical intentionality - one way to understand dispositions - priority monism not only doesn't follow but also (...)
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  23. Ian Proops (2002). The Tractatus on Inference and Entailment. In Erich Reck (ed.), From Frege to Wittgenstein: Essays on Early Analytic Philosophy, 283–307. Oxford University Press
    In the Tractatus Wittgenstein criticizes Frege and Russell's view that laws of inference (Schlussgesetze) "justify" logical inferences. What lies behind this criticism, I argue, is an attack on Frege and Russell's conceptions of logical entailment. In passing, I examine Russell's dispute with Bradley on the question whether all relations are "internal".
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  24.  92
    Timothy Williamson (2006). Can Cognition Be Factorized Into Internal and External Components? In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing
    0. Platitudinously, cognitive science is the science of cognition. Cognition is usually defined as something like the process of acquiring, retaining and applying knowledge. To a first approximation, therefore, cognitive science is the science of knowing. Knowing is a relation between the knower and the known. Typically, although not always, what is known involves the environment external to the knower. Thus knowing typically involves a relation between the agent and the external environment. It is not internal to (...)
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  25.  29
    Brent R. MacNab & Reginald Worthley (2008). Self-Efficacy as an Intrapersonal Predictor for Internal Whistleblowing: A Us and Canada Examination. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 79 (4):407 - 421.
    Examining intrapersonal factors theorized to influence ethics reporting decisions, the relation of self-efficacy as a predictor of propensity for internal whistleblowing is investigated within a US and Canadian multi-regional context. Over 900 professionals from a total of nine regions in Canada and the US participated. Self-efficacy was found to influence participant reported propensity for internal whistleblowing consistently in both the US and Canada. Seasoned participants with greater management and work experience demonstrated higher levels of self-efficacy while gender (...)
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  26.  8
    Danielle Costa Leite Borges (2011). European Health Systems and the Internal Market: Reshaping Ideology? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 19 (4):365-387.
    Departing from theories of distributive justice and their relation with the distribution of health care within society, especially egalitarianism and libertarianism, this paper aims at demonstrating that the approach taken by the European Court of Justice regarding the application of the Internal Market principles (or the market freedoms) to the field of health care services has introduced new values which are more concerned with a libertarian view of health care. Moreover, the paper also addresses the question of how (...)
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  27. Marie McGinn (2010). Wittgenstein and Internal Relations. European Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):495-509.
    Abstract: Interpretations of the Tractatus divide into what might be called a metaphysical and an anti-metaphysical approach to the work. The central issue between the two interpretative approaches has generally been characterised in terms of the question whether the Tractatus is committed to the idea of ‘things’ that cannot be said in language, and thus to the idea of a distinctive kind of nonsense: nonsense that is an attempt to say what can only be shown. In this paper, I look (...)
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  28.  54
    Andreas Blank (2007). Wittgenstein on Expectation, Action, and Internal Relations, 1930-1932. Inquiry 50 (3):270 – 287.
    According to Wittgenstein, internal relations are such that, once their terms are given, it is unthinkable that they do not hold. In his early philosophy, the concept of internal relation plays a central role in his views on meaning. The present paper addresses the question of how Wittgenstein's views about internal relations develop during his years of transition (1930-32). In particular, it investigates the connections between the concepts of internal relation, logical multiplicity, and aspect (...)
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  29. Martin Shuster (2010). Internal Relations and the Possibility of Evil: On Cavell and Monstrosity. European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 2:74-84.
    In this article, I examine Cavell's understanding and deployment of the catego-ries of 'evil' and the 'monstrous' in The Claim of Reason. Arguing that these notions can-not be understood apart from Cavell's reliance on the notion of an 'internal relation,' I trace this notion to its Wittgensteinian roots. Ultimately, I show that Cavell's view of evil allows us to navigate between two horns of a classic dilemma in thinking about evil: it al-lows us to see evil as neither (...)
     
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  30.  6
    Denis Perrin (2009). Tempo E Intencionalidade Temporal No Wittgenstein Do Período Intermediário. Doispontos 6 (1).
    Este artigo enfoca a questão da temporalidade no período intermediário de Wittgenstein. Primeiro, ele estabelece a evolução do tratamento que o filósofo dispensa à idéia “fenomenológica”, de origem empirista, de um presente da consciência incessantemente fluente: de início simplesmente adotada (em 1929) como uma descrição da experiência imediata, essa idéia é, em seguida, criticada em 1930-32 como a expressão de uma das tentações mais características do espírito filosófico. Depois, o artigo examina, num caso particular (o da lembrança), o modo pelo (...)
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  31. Jonathan Schaffer (2010). The Internal Relatedness of All Things. Mind 119 (474):341 - 376.
    The argument from internal relatedness was one of the major nineteenth century neo-Hegelian arguments for monism. This argument has been misunderstood, and may even be sound. The argument, as I reconstruct it, proceeds in two stages: first, it is argued that all things are internally related in ways that render them interdependent; second, the substantial unity of the whole universe is inferred from the interdependence of all of its parts. The guiding idea behind the argument is that failure of (...)
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  32.  43
    Bo R. Meinertsen (2011). Distinguishing Internal, External and Grounded Relations. Grazer Philosophische Studien 83:113-22.
    I defend an ontological distinction between three kinds of relation: internal,external and grounded relations. Even though, as we shall see, this trichotomy is basic, it is not found in influential contemporary metaphysics. Specifically, the widespread tendency, exemplified notably by David Armstrong, of not recognizing grounded relations as distinct from external relations, can be shown to be mistaken. I propose a definition of each of the three kinds of relation. Of vital importance to the parsimony of metaphysics, I (...)
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  33. Stephen Finlay & Mark Schroeder, Reasons for Action: Internal Vs. External. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Often, when there is a reason for you to do something, it is the kind of thing to motivate you to do it. For example, if Max and Caroline are deciding whether to go to the Alcove for dinner, Caroline might mention as a reason in favor, the fact that the Alcove serves onion rings the size of doughnuts, and Max might mention as a reason against, the fact that it is so difficult to get parking there this time of (...)
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  34. Mark H. Bickhard (2003). Some Notes on Internal and External Relations and Representation. Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):101-110.
    Internal relations are those relations that are intrinsic to the nature of one or more of the relata. They are a kind of essential relation, rather than an essential property. For example, an arc of a circle is internally related to the center of that circle in the sense that.
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  35.  5
    Roger A. Newham (2013). An Internal Morality of Nursing: What It Can and Cannot Do. Nursing Philosophy 14 (2):109-116.
    It has been claimed that there are certain acts that nurses as people practising nursing must never do because they are nurses and this is regardless of what the same agent should do; that certain actions are not part of proper nursing practice. The concept of an internal morality has been discussed in relation to medicine and has been used to ground the actions proper to medicine in a realist tradition. Although the concept of an internal morality (...)
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  36.  48
    Ian Underwood (2010). Cross-Count Identity, Distinctness, and the Theory of Internal and External Relations. Philosophical Studies 151 (2):265 - 283.
    Baxter (Australas J Philos 79: 449-464, 2001) proposes an ingenious solution to the problem of instantiation based on his theory of cross-count identity. His idea is that where a particular instantiates a universal it shares an aspect with that universal. Both the particular and the universal are numerically identical with the shared aspect in different counts. Although Baxter does not say exactly what a count is, it appears that he takes ways of counting as mysterious primitives against which different numerical (...)
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  37.  8
    Ingmar Persson, Internal or External Grounds for the Nontransitivity of “Better/Worse Than”.
    In his book Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of PracticalReasoning Larry Temkin contrasts two views of ideals for evaluating outcomes:the Internal Aspects View and the Essentially Comparative View. He claimsthat the latter view can make the relation of being better/worse than all thingsconsidered nontransitive, while the former can’t. This paper argues that theInternal Aspects View can also be a source of nontransitivity. The gist of theargument is that perfect similarity as regards supervenient properties, likevalue, is (...)
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  38.  11
    V. A. Smirnov (1988). Internal and External Logic. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 17 (3/4):170-181.
    In an essential way I make use of Frege’s and Vasilev’s ideas. N. A. Vasilev distinguished two levels in a logic. The abstract logic depends on gnoeologic assumptions while the empirical part of logic depends on ontological ones. Vasilev did not change the external logic but he did change the internal one. His system can be viewed as a non-standard syllogistics based on classical propositional logic . Vasilev’s ideas become plain if we discern cleary acts of predication and acts (...)
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  39.  65
    Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2005). Internal, External and Intra-Individual Relations. Axiomathes 15 (4):487-512.
    In this paper I argue that there are in fact external relations in Russell’s sense. The level at which we are forced to acknowledge them is, however, not the level of relations between concrete individual objects. All relations of this kind, which I will call “inter-individual” relations, can be construed as supervenient on the monadic properties of their terms. But if we pursue our ontological analysis a little bit deeper and consider the internal structure of a concrete individual, then (...)
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  40.  17
    Chris Conidis, Noam Greenberg & Daniel Turetsky (2013). Galvin’s “Racing Pawns” Game, Internal Hyperarithmetic Comprehension, and the Law of Excluded Middle. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 54 (2):233-252.
    We show that the fact that the first player wins every instance of Galvin’s “racing pawns” game is equivalent to arithmetic transfinite recursion. Along the way we analyze the satisfaction relation for infinitary formulas, of “internal” hyperarithmetic comprehension, and of the law of excluded middle for such formulas.
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  41.  17
    Marco Slikker, Peter Borm & René van den Brink (2012). Internal Slackening Scoring Methods. Theory and Decision 72 (4):445-462.
    We deal with the ranking problem of the nodes in a directed graph. The bilateral relationships specified by a directed graph may reflect the outcomes of a sport competition, the mutual reference structure between websites, or a group preference structure over alternatives. We introduce a class of scoring methods for directed graphs, indexed by a single nonnegative parameter α. This parameter reflects the internal slackening of a node within an underlying iterative process. The class of so-called internal slackening (...)
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  42.  2
    Gürol Irzik (2015). The Internal-External Distinction Sheds Light on the History of the Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Science. In Ana Simões, Jürgen Renn & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Relocating the History of Science. Springer International Publishing
    Drawing on the recent revisionary scholarship regarding logical positivism and its relation to the early post-positivism, I display and question the standard historical understanding of the analytical philosophy of science from the late 1920s to the mid-1970s. I then propose an alternative account based on the internal-external distinction. I conclude by showing some advantages of my alternative narrative that does more justice to the logical positivism than the standard understanding and suggest some further lines of research that it (...)
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  43.  3
    Harry R. M. Purser Michael S. C. Thomas (2012). Is the Mystery of Thought Demystified by Context‐Dependent Categorisation? Towards a New Relation Between Language and Thought. Mind and Language 27 (5):595-618.
    We argue that are no such things as literal categories in human cognition. Instead, we argue that there are merely temporary coalescences of dimensions of similarity, which are brought together by context in order to create the similarity structure in mental representations appropriate for the task at hand. Fodor contends that context‐sensitive cognition cannot be realised by current computational theories of mind. We address this challenge by describing a simple computational implementation that exhibits internal knowledge representations whose similarity structure (...)
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  44.  4
    A. R. Manser (1982). Bradley and Internal Relations. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 13:181-195.
    Bradley is often described as an Anglo-Hegelian, and hence it is assumed that his doctrines derive from Hegel. It is true that his first two works ‘The Presuppositions of Critical History’ and Ethical Studies are heavily influenced by Hegel. The Principles of Logic is much less so: it certainly contains a number of both laudatory and critical references to Hegel, but the whole design of the book is completely unrelated to his treatment of logic. Appearance and Reality seems to me (...)
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  45.  4
    Nihan Demirkasimoğlu, İnayet Aydın, Çetin Erdoğan & Uğur Akın (2012). Organisational Rules in Schools: Teachers' Opinions About Functions of Rules, Rule-Following and Breaking Behaviours in Relation to Their Locus of Control. Educational Studies 38 (2):235-247.
    The main aim of this research is to examine teachers? opinions about functions of school rules, reasons for rule-breaking and results of rule-breaking in relation to their locus of control, gender, age, seniority and branch. 350 public elementary school teachers in Ankara are included in the correlational survey model study. According to the teachers, the main function of school rules is to ?provide regularity?. Classroom teachers find school rules more functional than branch teachers. Teachers with internal locus of (...)
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  46.  5
    Nahshon Perez (2012). The Internal Contradictions of Recognition Theory. Libertarian Papers 4.
    This article offers a critical examination of theories that emphasize the importance of governmental provision of self-esteem to citizens. Self-esteem is the feeling that one’s abilities and achievements are positively appraised by the surrounding society, and in some cases the legal system. Such theories are becoming fashionable, following the influence of scholars such as Axel Honneth, Nancy Fraser, and others.The author argues that such theories face major challenges, on two accounts. First, trying to provide universal self esteem would imply that (...)
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  47. Liliana Albertazzi (1993). Brentano, Meinong and Husserl on Internal Time. Brentano Studien 3:89-110.
    Brentano's Descriptive Psychology marks a breakthrough into clarification of internal time, made possible by using his doctrine of intentionality (and modality) of consciousness. Husserl's version of descriptive psychology, a pure phenomenological psychology, according to its author tries to overcome Brentano's (naturalistic) description of internal experience by explicitly considering the intentional content of mental events, and the different categories of objects as objects of a possible consciousness. Husserl's investigations on internal time are an example of a quite specific (...)
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  48.  6
    Roberto Poli (2016). Belief Systems and the Modeling Relation. Foundations of Science 21 (1):195-206.
    The paper presents the most general aspects of scientific modeling and shows that social systems naturally include different belief systems. Belief systems differ in a variety of respects, most notably in the selection of suitable qualities to encode and the internal structure of the observables. The following results emerge from the analysis: conflict is explained by showing that different models encode different qualities, which implies that they model different realities; explicitly connecting models to the realities that they encode makes (...)
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  49. Fabrice Correia (2005). Existential Dependence and Cognate Notions. Philosophia Verlag.
    The purpose of the book is to clarify the notion of existential dependence and cognate notions, such as supervenience and the notion of an internal relation. I defend the view that such notions are best understood in terms of the concept of metaphysical grounding, i.e. the concept of one fact obtaining in virtue of other facts, where ‘in virtue of’ has a distinctively metaphysical meaning.
     
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  50.  5
    Fatma Gül Cirhinlioğlu & Gözde Özdikmenli-Demir (2012). Religious Orientation and Its Relation to Locus of Control and Depression. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 34 (3):341-362.
    This study examines the relationships among intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations, locus of control and depression levels of 430 Turkish Muslim university students. The results show that some locus of control dimensions are related to participants’ religious orientations, but depression has no significant impact on intrinsic or extrinsic religiousness. Hierarchical Regression Analyses were conducted for predicting the intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations of different gender. Belief in chance and belief in fate contribute to male and female participants’ intrinsic religious orientations. (...)
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