Search results for 'international justice' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  43
    Saladin Meckled-Garcia (2004). International Justice, Human Rights and Neutrality. Res Publica 10 (2):153-174.
    A number of theorists have tried to resolve the tension between a western-oriented liberal scheme of human rights and an account that accommodates different political systems and constitutional ideals than the liberal one. One important way the tension has been addressed is through a “neutral” or tolerant, notion of human rights, as present in the work of Rawls, Scanlon and Buchanan. In this paper I argue that neutrality cannot by itself explain the difference between rights considered appropriate for liberal states (...)
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  2.  30
    Andrew Altman (2009). A Liberal Theory of International Justice. Oxford University Press.
    This book advances a novel theory of international justice that combines the orthodox liberal notion that the lives of individuals are what ultimately matter morally with the putatively antiliberal idea of an irreducibly collective right of self-governance. The individual and her rights are placed at center stage insofar as political states are judged legitimate if they adequately protect the human rights of their constituents and respect the rights of all others. Yet, the book argues that legitimate states have (...)
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  3.  31
    Rosemary Foot, John Lewis Gaddis & Andrew Hurrell (eds.) (2003). Order and Justice in International Relations. Oxford University Press.
    The relationship between international order and justice has long been central to the study and practice of international relations. For most of the twentieth century, states and international society gave priority to a view of order that focused on the minimum conditions for coexistence in a pluralist, conflictual world. Justice was seen either as secondary or sometimes even as a challenge to order. Recent developments have forced a reassessment of this position. This book sets current (...)
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  4.  34
    Robin Attfield & Barry Wilkins (eds.) (1992). International Justice and the Third World: Studies in the Philosophy of Development. Routledge.
    International Justice and the Third World examines the conceptual and ethical issues surrounding the idea of development. The contributors forcefully contest the view that there is no such thing as justice beween societies of unequal power, and no obligation to assist poor people in distant countries. While attentive to and explicatory of the presuppositions adhering to development models, Liberal and Marxist approaches to universal responsibilities are forwarded and these approaches' ability to manage global issues of equity are (...)
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  5.  1
    Tomonori Teraoka (forthcoming). A Court as the Process of Signification: Legal Semiotics of the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique:1-13.
    The International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons in 1996 was a landmark case because, for the first time in history, the legal aspect of nuclear weapons was addressed. The decision has evoked controversies regarding the Court’s conclusion, the legal status of international humanitarian law in relation to nuclear weapons, and a newly introduced concept of state survival. While much legal scholarship discusses and criticizes the legal significance (...)
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  6.  6
    Dejan Guzina & Branka Marijan (2013). Local Uses of International Criminal Justice in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Transcending Divisions or Building Parallel Worlds? Studies in Social Justice 7 (2):245-263.
    Transitionaljustice mechanisms and the International Criminal Tribunal for the FormerYugoslavia (ICTY) have had only a limited success in overcoming ethnic divisionsin Bosnia-Herzegovina. Rather than elaborating upon the role of local politicalelites in perpetuating ethnic divisions, we examine ordinary peoples’ popularperceptions of war and its aftermath. In our view, the idea that elites havecomplete control over the broader narratives about the past is misplaced. Weargue that transitional justice and peace mechanisms supported by externalactors are always interpreted on the ground (...)
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  7.  4
    Jacqueline Mowbray (2011). Linguistic Justice in International Law: An Evaluation of the Discursive Framework. [REVIEW] International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 24 (1):79-95.
    Claims by minority groups to use their own languages in different social contexts are often presented as claims for “linguistic justice”, that is, justice as between speakers of different languages. This article considers how the language of international law can be used to advance such claims, by exploring how international law, as a discourse, approaches questions of language policy. This analysis reveals that international legal texts structure their engagement with “linguistic justice” around two key (...)
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  8.  4
    Rytis Satkauskas (2011). Reservations in Declarations accepting Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (article in Lithuanian). Jurisprudence 18 (2):517-546.
    Notwithstanding constant “crises of confidence,” a high number of international disputes lay at the docket of the International Court of Justice in The Hague. In the word of Judge Rosalyn Higgins, states are turning to the ICJ for the peaceful settlement of their disputes. The option provided by the Charter of the United Nations in limiting the compulsory jurisdiction of the Court to certain categories of disputes, clearly contributes to convening a greater number of states to accept (...)
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  9. A. J. Coates & Association for Legal and Social Philosophy Britain) (2000). International Justice. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  10.  18
    Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff (2013). A Framework to Link International Clinical Research to the Promotion of Justice in Global Health. Bioethics 27 (3):387-396.
    How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. Theories of justice from political philosophy establish obligations for parties from high-income countries owed to parties from low and middle-income countries. We have developed a new framework that is based on Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm to strengthen the link between international clinical research and justice in global health. The ‘research for health justice’ framework provides direction on (...)
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  11. Daniel Butt (2009). ‘Victors’ Justice’? Historic Injustice and the Legitimacy of International Law. In Lukas H. Meyer (ed.), Legitimacy, Justice and Public International Law. Cambridge Univeristy Press 163.
  12.  4
    Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion, Khin M. Lwin, Phaik Y. Cheah, Francois Nosten & Bebe Loff (2014). Linking International Clinical Research with Stateless Populations to Justice in Global Health. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):49.
    In response to calls to expand the scope of research ethics to address justice in global health, recent scholarship has sought to clarify how external research actors from high-income countries might discharge their obligation to reduce health disparities between and within countries. An ethical framework—‘research for health justice’—was derived from a theory of justice (the health capability paradigm) and specifies how international clinical research might contribute to improved health and research capacity in host communities. This paper (...)
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  13.  48
    Larry S. Temkin (2004). Thinking About the Needy, Justice, and International Organizations. Journal of Ethics 8 (4):349 - 395.
    This article has three main parts, Section 2 considers the nature and extent to which individuals who are well-off have a moral obligation to aid the worlds needy. Drawing on a pluralistic approach to morality, which includes consequentialist, virtue-based, and deontological elements, it is contended that most who are well-off should do much more than they do to aid the needy, and that they are open to serious moral criticism if they simply ignore the needy. Part one also focuses on (...)
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  14.  30
    Robert Sparrow (2009). Xenotransplantation, Consent and International Justice. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):119-127.
    The risk posed to the community by possible xenozoonosis after xenotransplantation suggests that some form of 'community consent' is required before whole organ animal-to-human xenotransplantation should take place. I argue that this requirement places greater obstacles in the path of ethical xenotransplantation than has previously been recognised. The relevant community is global and there are no existing institutions with democratic credentials sufficient to establish this consent. The distribution of the risks and benefits from xenotransplantation also means that consent is unlikely (...)
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  15.  1
    Vojin Rakic (2010). The Future of Morality and International Justice. Filozofija I Društvo 21 (1):19-30.
    The focus of this paper will be on the issue of justice, specifically in international relations. In that context, a number of existing theories of international justice will be briefly reviewed. Afterwards, I will turn to the question of what justice actually is. The assertion that justice is based on the idea of freedom will be substantiated. I will attempt to support my position with Doyle's and Kant's argumentation. It will be concluded that there (...)
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  16.  11
    Leslie Vinjamuri (2010). Deterrence, Democracy, and the Pursuit of International Justice. Ethics and International Affairs 24 (2):191-211.
    In recent years the efforts to hold the perpetrators of mass atrocities accountable have become increasingly normalized, and building capacity in this area has become central to the strategies of numerous advocacy groups, international organizations, and governments engaged in rebuilding and reconstructing states. The indictment of sitting heads of state and rebel leaders engaged in ongoing conflicts, however, has been more exceptional than normal, but is nonetheless radically altering how we think about, debate, and practice justice. While a (...)
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  17.  7
    Sirine Shebaya, Andrea Sutherland, Orin Levine & Ruth Faden (2010). Alternatives to National Average Income Data as Eligibility Criteria for International Subsidies: A Social Justice Perspective. Developing World Bioethics 10 (3):141-149.
    Current strategies to address global inequities in access to life-saving vaccines use averaged national income data to determine eligibility. While largely successful in the lowest income countries, we argue that this approach could lead to significant inefficiencies from the standpoint of justice if applied to middle-income countries, where income inequalities are large and lead to national averages that obscure truly needy populations. Instead, we suggest alternative indicators more sensitive to social justice concerns that merit consideration by policy-makers developing (...)
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  18.  90
    James Dwyer (2007). What's Wrong with the Global Migration of Health Care Professionals? Individual Rights and International Justice. Hastings Center Report 37 (5):36-43.
    : When health care workers migrate from poor countries to rich countries, they are exercising an important human right and helping rich countries fulfill obligations of social justice. They are also, however, creating problems of social justice in the countries they leave. Solving these problems requires balancing social needs against individual rights and studying the relationship of social justice to international justice.
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  19.  19
    Gopal Sreenivasan (2002). International Justice and Health: A Proposal. Ethics and International Affairs 16 (2):81–90.
    Sreenivasan examines obligations of international distributive justice, arguing that the major seven OECD countries each have an obligation to transfer at least one percent of their GDP to developing countries.
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  20.  18
    Maurice Hamington (2007). Care Ethics and International Justice. Social Philosophy Today 23:149-160.
    This article attends to an unnamed and often missing element of the cosmopolitanism discourse: care ethics. Developed out of feminist theory in the 1980s, care ethics privileges the relational, contextual, and affective aspects of morality. It is my suggestion that contemporary discussions of cosmopolitanism would benefit from integrating the moral commitments of care ethics. First, a definition of care ethics is offered followed by a delineation of themes of care in the cosmopolitan theorizing of an historical figure, Jane Addams, and (...)
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  21.  5
    Maurice Hamington (2008). Care Ethics and International Justice: The Cosmopolitanism of Jane Addams and Kwame Anthony Appiah. Social Philosophy Today 23 (2008):149-160.
    This article attends to an unnamed and often missing element of the cosmopolitanism discourse: care ethics. Developed out of feminist theory in the 1980s, care ethics privileges the relational, contextual, and affective aspects of morality. It is my suggestion that contemporary discussions of cosmopolitanism would benefit from integrating the moral commitments of care ethics. First, a definition of care ethics is offered followed by a delineation of themes of care in the cosmopolitan theorizing of an historical figure, Jane Addams, and (...)
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  22. Andrew Altman & Christopher Heath Wellman (2011). A Liberal Theory of International Justice. OUP Oxford.
    A Liberal Theory of International Justice controversially addresses key topics in the area of international justice, including human rights, democracy, secession, international criminal tribunals, armed intervention, political assassination, global economic inequality, and immigration.
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  23. Robin Attfield & Barry Wilkins (eds.) (2005). International Justice and the Third World: Studies in the Philosophy of Development. Routledge.
    _International Justice and the Third World_ vindicates belief in global or universal justice, and explores both liberal and Marxist grounds for such belief. It also investigates the presuppositions of belief in development, and relates it to sustainability, to environmentalism, and to the obligation to cancel Third World debt.
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  24.  37
    Frederick Ochieng'-odhiambo (2005). International Justice and Individual Self-Preservation. Journal of Global Ethics 1 (2):99 – 112.
    The article explores the fundamental difference between two aspects of justice: international and global. It is then argued that for the sake of global justice, the difference can be overcome by taking a closer look at the basic human right of self-preservation in relation to moral agency, human well-being and social/distributive justice at both global and national levels. In an endeavour to attain global justice, the article defends an absolute moral right to a human minimum.
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  25. David Copp (2005). International Justice and the Basic Needs Principle. In Gillian Brock & Harry Brighouse (eds.), Protosociology. Cambridge University Press 39--54.
    According to the basic needs principle, a state in favorable circumstances must enable its members to meet their basic needs throughout a normal life-span. Applied to the international situation, I argue, this principle implies that a global state would have a duty to enable subordinate states to meet their members‘ needs. In the absence of a global state, existing states have a duty to work to create a system of institutions that would enable each state to meet its members‘ (...)
     
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  26. Lars O. Ericsson (1980). Two Principles of International Justice. In Lars O. Ericsson, Harald Ofstad & Giuliano Pontara (eds.), Justice, Social, and Global: Papers Presented at the Stockholm International Symposium on Justice, Held in September 1978. Akademilitteratur
     
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  27.  1
    Delfín Grueso (2012). International Justice or World Peace? About the Nature of John Rawl's The Law of Peoples [Spanish]. Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 17:168-191.
    This article tries to explain why it was impossible for Rawls to develop a normative theory of justice for international relations; something that has been demanded by some rawlsian thinkers (Beitz, Pogge, etc.). There were two obstacles for such an enterprise. On one hand, the link established by the philosophical tradition between justice, as a political virtue, and the political unity (polis, national-state, etc.). On the other hand, Rawls’ meta-philosophical decisions, which make his a ‘post-metaphysical’ and ‘strictly (...)
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  28.  1
    Antoon Vandevelde (2005). What Do We Owe the World's Poor? International Justice in an Era of Globalisation'. Ethical Perspectives 12 (4):481-496.
    In his Law of Peoples, Rawls severely restricts our duties of justice towards the global poor. Many of his critics have replied that there actually exists a global basic structure and that hence the difference principle applies on a global scale.However the shipwrecked of globalization do not contribute in any substantial way to the creation of global wealth. We show that Martha Nussbaum’s cosmopolitan solution to this problem is unsatisfactory because it ignores scarcity as one of the circumstances of (...)
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  29. Allen E. Buchanan (2004). Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law. Oxford University Press.
    This book articulates a systematic vision of an international legal system grounded in the commitment to justice for all persons. It provides a probing exploration of the moral issues involved in disputes about secession, ethno-national conflict, "the right of self-determination of peoples," human rights, and the legitimacy of the international legal system itself. Buchanan advances vigorous criticisms of the central dogmas of international relations and international law, arguing that the international legal system should make (...)
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  30. Georg Cavallar (2002). The Rights of Strangers Theories of International Hospitality, the Global Community, and Political Justice Since Vitoria. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  31.  26
    Michal Engelman & Summer Johnson (2007). Population Aging and International Development: Addressing Competing Claims of Distributive Justice. Developing World Bioethics 7 (1):8–18.
  32.  7
    Chi Carmody, Frank J. Garcia & John Linarelli (eds.) (2011). Global Justice and International Economic Law: Opportunities and Prospects. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume reflects the results of a symposium held at Tillar House, the ASIL headquarters in Washington, DC, in November 2008 which brought together philosophers, legal scholars, and economists to discuss the problems of understanding ...
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  33. Lisa Fuller (2012). International NGO Health Programs in a Non-Ideal World: Imperialism, Respect & Procedural Justice. In E. Emanuel J. Millum (ed.), Global Justice and Bioethics. Oxford University Press 213-240.
    Many people in the developing world access essential health services either partially or primarily through programs run by international non-governmental organizations (INGOs). Given that such programs are typically designed and run by Westerners, and funded by Western countries and their citizens, it is not surprising that such programs are regarded by many as vehicles for Western cultural imperialism. In this chapter, I consider this phenomenon as it emerges in the context of development and humanitarian aid programs, particularly those delivering (...)
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  34.  26
    Jean Bethke Elshtain (2003). International Justice as Equal Regard and the Use of Force. Ethics and International Affairs 17 (2):63–75.
    Have we any obligations beyond our own borders? What form do these take? These questions are addressed through a concept of comparative justice indebted to the just war tradition and the equal moral regard of persons.
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  35. Stephen Holmes (2002). Why International Justice Limps. Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (4):1061-1081.
     
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  36. Bob Kerrey (2002). International Justice, War Crimes, and Terrorism. Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (4):1019-1030.
     
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  37.  6
    Shawn H. E. Harmon (2015). In Search of Global Health Justice: A Need to Reinvigorate Institutions and Make International Law. Health Care Analysis 23 (4):352-375.
    The recent outbreak of Ebola in West Africa has killed thousands of people, including healthcare workers. African responses have been varied and largely ineffective. The WHO and the international community’s belated responses have yet to quell the epidemic. The crisis is characteristic of a failure to properly comply with the International Health Regulations 2005. More generally, it stems from a failure of international health justice as articulated by a range of legal institutions and instruments, and it (...)
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  38.  12
    Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff (2011). Justice in International Clinical Research. Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):75-81.
    Debates about justice in international clinical research problematically conflate two quite different forms of obligation. International research ethics guidelines were intended to describe how to conduct biomedical research in a just manner at the micro or clinical level (within the researcher-participant interaction) but have come to include requirements that are clearly intended to promote justice at the global level. Ethicists have also made a variety of claims regarding what international research should contribute to global (...). This paper argues that the conflation of debates about justice at the micro and macro-levels has not only resulted in the placement of obligations upon the wrong actors but has also served to exclude relevant actors from the ethical picture. Suggestions for who should properly bear macro-level obligations of justice in international clinical research are offered. The paper further contends that, unlike researchers who violate informed consent requirements, no similar type of accountability exists for obligations of global justice, even for those obligation-bearers (incorrectly) identified by current ethics guidelines. (shrink)
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  39.  6
    L. W. Lee (2011). International Justice in Elder Care: The Long Run. Public Health Ethics 4 (3):292-296.
    The migration of elder-care workers appears to be a zero-sum game. This naturally offends our sense of justice, especially when the host populations are richer. In this article, I argue that we ought to look beyond the short run. Once we look at the long run, we will see possibilities of non-zero-sum games that are mutually beneficial.
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  40.  9
    Phil Clark (2008). International Justice in Rwanda and the BALKans: Virtual Trials and the Struggle for State Cooperation- by Victor Peskin. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (4):433-434.
  41.  2
    Dorothy V. Jones (2000). Judging War Criminals: The Politics of International Justice, Yves Beigbeder , 230 Pp., $65 Cloth. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 14:165-166.
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  42.  4
    A. Hammarskjöld (1924). The Place of the Permanent Court of International Justice Within the System of the League of Nations. International Journal of Ethics 34 (2):146-156.
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  43.  1
    Phil Clark (2008). Review of Victor Peskin,'International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans: Virtual Trials and State Cooperation'. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 22 (4).
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  44. Phil Clark (2008). International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans: Virtual Trials and the Struggle for State Cooperation, Victor Peskin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 294 Pp., $85 Cloth. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 22 (4):433-434.
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  45. A. Hammarskjöld (1924). The Place of the Permanent Court of International Justice Within the System of the League of Nations. International Journal of Ethics 34 (2):146-156.
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  46.  4
    Clark Wolf, Patent Fairness and International Justice.
    In 2002, Hugh Laddie lamented the “blind adherence to dogma” that had led to an apparent impasse in philosophical and practical discussions of intellectual property : “On the one side, the developed world side, there exists a lobby of those who believe that all IPRs [intellectual property rights] are good for business, benefit the public at large, and act as catalysts for technical progress. They believe and argue that, if IPRs are good, more IPRs must be better.”1 But “on the (...)
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  47.  95
    Thomas W. Pogge (2001). Rawls on International Justice. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 51 (203):246–253.
    Book reviewed in this article:John Rawls, The Law of Peoples.
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  48. Brian Orend (2000). War and International Justice a Kantian Perspective. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  49.  19
    David B. Resnik (2004). The Distribution of Biomedical Research Resources and International Justice. Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):42–57.
    ABSTRACTAccording to some estimates, less than 10% of the world's biomedical research funds are dedicated to addressing problems that are responsible for 90% of the world's burden of disease. This paper explains why this disparity exists and what should be done about it. It argues that the disparity exists because: 1) multinational pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies do not regard research and development investments on the health problems of developing nations to be economically lucrative; and 2) governmental agencies that sponsor biomedical (...)
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  50. James Sterba (ed.) (2003). Terrorism and International Justice. Oxford University Press.
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