Search results for 'invention' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Christine Winter (2006). Doing Justice to Geography in the Secondary School: Deconstruction, Invention and the National Curriculum. British Journal of Educational Studies 54 (2):212 - 229.score: 24.0
    The subject of geography is declining in popularity at secondary school level and recent developments following the 'cultural turn' in Higher Education have had little impact in revitalising it. In this paper I explore the question: is there a problem with the school geography curriculum policy ? After briefly sketching the history of the Geography National Curriculum policy (GNC), I focus on Caputo's (1997) commentary on Derrida and the idea of deconstruction and invention to explore the contemporary GNC policy (...)
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  2. Jacques Dewitte (2011). L'invention instrumentale. Hommage à Igor Stravinsky. Methodos 11.score: 24.0
    L’instrument de musique n’a pas d’identité déterminée avant qu’il ne soit joué par un musicien concret, ou utilisé dans une œuvre singulière. Pour Stravinsky, l’instrument de musique « n’est rien en soi ». C’est l’œuvre, comme invention et création, qui donne à l’instrument son identité, sur la base de propriétés organologiques préexistantes. Les œuvres de Stravinsky pour petite formation illustrent cette idée d’une invention de l’instrument de musique par l’œuvre qu’il joue, ainsi que son amour pour des instruments (...)
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  3. Douglas Kelly (1987). The Imitation of Models and the Uses of Argumenta in Topical Invention. Argumentation 1 (4):365-377.score: 24.0
    Medieval literature is argumentative, since it argues for an idealized vision of reality acceptable to a proposed audience. Its narrative mode is description, performed according to the principles of the art of topical invention, derived from Cicero's De Inventione. The topoi or loci are features (circumstantiae) of a person or thing that are common to it as a class, such as tempus or locus for things. When filled out, according to the point of view desired by the author, public, (...)
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  4. Manfred Kienpointner (1997). On the Art of Finding Arguments: What Ancient and Modern Masters of Invention Have to Tell Us About the" Ars Inveniendi". Argumentation 11 (2):225-236.score: 21.0
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  5. Ralph H. Johnson (2013). Govier's "Invention" of the Theory of Argument. Informal Logic 33 (2):98-115.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I propose that the inquiry known as a/the theory of argument is the “invention” of Trudy Govier, using that term in its rhetorical sense, viz., the process of choosing ideas appropriate to the subject. In her (1987) paper, “Is a Theory of Argument Possible?” Govier used the idea of theory of argument to focus her discussion on problems in argument analysis and evaluation that came to light in the 1970s and 1980s. The idea of a theory (...)
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  6. Sarin Marchetti (2010). William James on Truth and Invention in Morality. European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 2 (2):127-161.score: 18.0
    In what follows I shall investigate how the notions of truth and invention inform our moral life. In particular, I will show how this idea has been explored by William James in his seminal essay The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life (MPML), by far his most clear-cut piece of moral philosophy. I will claim that the dialectics of the essay cannot be apprehended independently from the understanding of the moral psychology and epistemology James elaborates in his writings on (...)
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  7. Jennifer A. Herdt (2001). The Invention of Modern Moral Philosophy: A Review of "The Invention of Autonomy" by J. B. Schneewind. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):145 - 173.score: 18.0
    This review essay assesses the significance of J. B. Schneewind's "The Invention of Autonomy" for the history of moral thought in general and for religious ethics in particular. The essay offers an overview of Schneewind's complex argument before critically discussing his four central themes: the primacy of Immanuel Kant, the fundamentality of conflict, the insufficiency of virtue, and community with God. Whereas Schneewind argues that an impasse between modern natural law and perfectionist ethics revealed irresolvable tensions within Christian ethics (...)
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  8. Jacques Hadamard (1945/1996). The Mathematician's Mind: The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. Princeton University Press.score: 18.0
    Fifty years ago when Jacques Hadamard set out to explore how mathematicians invent new ideas, he considered the creative experiences of some of the greatest thinkers of his generation, such as George Polya, Claude Le;vi-Strauss, and Albert Einstein. It appeared that inspiration could strike anytime, particularly after an individual had worked hard on a problem for days and then turned attention to another activity. In exploring this phenomenon, Hadamard produced one of the most famous and cogent cases for the existence (...)
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  9. Lampros Perogamvros (2013). Consciousness and the Invention of Morel. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7 (61).score: 18.0
    A scientific study of consciousness should take into consideration both objective and subjective measures of conscious experiences. To this date, very few studies have tried to integrate third-person data, or data about the neurophysiological correlates of conscious states, with first-person data, or data about subjective experience. Inspired by Morel's invention (Casares, 1940), a literary machine capable of reproducing sensory-dependent external reality, this article suggests that combination of virtual reality techniques and brain reading technologies, that is, decoding of conscious states (...)
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  10. Arthur I. Miller (1982). On Einstein's Invention of Special Relativity. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:377 - 402.score: 18.0
    A scenario is conjectured for Einstein's invention of the special theory of relativity that receives support over the widest possible number of archival, primary and secondary sources. This scenario takes into account the philosophical-physical-technological currents of 1905.
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  11. Robert McLaughlin (1982). Invention and Induction Laudan, Simon and the Logic of Discovery. Philosophy of Science 49 (2):198-211.score: 18.0
    Although on opposite sides of the logic of discovery debate, Laudan and Simon share a thesis of divorce between discovery (invention) and justification (appraisal); but unlike some other authors, they do not base their respective versions of the divorce-thesis on the empirical/logical distinction. Laudan argues that, in contemporary science, invention is irrelevant to appraisal, and that this irrelevance renders epistemically pointless the inventionist program. Simon uses his divorce-thesis to defend his account of invention, which he claims to (...)
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  12. Damien Smith Pfister (2011). Networked Expertise in the Era of Many-to-Many Communication: On Wikipedia and Invention. Social Epistemology 25 (3):217 - 231.score: 18.0
    This essay extends the observations made in E. Johanna Hartelius? The rhetoric of expertise about the nature of expertise in digital contexts. I argue that digital media introduce a scale of communication?many-to-many?that reshapes how the invention of knowledge occurs. By examining how knowledge production on Wikipedia occurs, I illustrate how many-to-many communication introduces a new model of ?participatory expertise.? This model of participatory expertise challenges traditional information routines by elevating procedural expertise over subject matter expertise and opening up knowledge (...)
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  13. Elizabeth M. Bucar (2008). Methodological Invention as a Constructive Project: Exploring the Production of Ethical Knowledge Through the Interaction of Discursive Logics. Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (3):355-373.score: 18.0
    This article reflects one scholar's attempt to locate herself within emerging ethical methodologies given a specific concern with cross-cultural women's moral praxis. The field of comparative ethics's debt to past debates over methodology is considered through a typology of three waves of methodological invention. The article goes on to describe a specific research focus on U.S. Catholic and Iranian Shii women that initiated a search for a distinct method. This method of comparative ethics, which focuses on the production of (...)
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  14. Erik Fisher (2007). Ethnographic Invention: Probing the Capacity of Laboratory Decisions. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 1 (2):155-165.score: 18.0
    In an attempt to shape the development of nanotechnologies, ethics policy programs promote engagement in the hope of broadening the scope of considerations that scientists and engineers take into account. While enhancing the reflexivity of scientists theoretically implies changes in technoscientific practice, few empirical studies demonstrate such effects. To investigate the real-time effects on engineering research practices, a laboratory engagement study was undertaken to specify the interplay of technical and social considerations during the normal course of research. The study employed (...)
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  15. G. Scott Davis (2001). A Whig History of Ethics: A Review of "The Invention of Autonomy" by J. B. Schneewind. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):175 - 197.score: 18.0
    J. B. Schneewind's "The Invention of Autonomy" has been hailed as a major interpretation of modern moral thought. Schneewind's narrative, however, elides several serious interpretive issues, particularly in the transition from late medieval to early modern thought. This results in potentially distorted accounts of Thomas Aquinas, Hugo Grotius, and G. W. Leibniz. Since these thinkers play a crucial role in Schneewind's argument, uncertainty over their work calls into question at least some of Schneewind's larger agenda for the history of (...)
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  16. Steve Martinot (2007). Motherhood and the Invention of Race. Hypatia 22 (2):79-97.score: 18.0
    : This article attempts to do two things: reveal a continuity of structure in white supremacy in the U.S. between its initial invention in the seventeenth-century English colonies and the present, and advance a specific analysis of a moment in the process of that invention that involved the domination and redefinition of women. That moment was provided by the matrilineal servitude statute passed in Virginia in 1662. To highlight the meaning of this statute, the article begins with a (...)
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  17. Benoît Godin (2012). “Innovation Studies”: The Invention of a Specialty. [REVIEW] Minerva 50 (4):397-421.score: 18.0
    Innovation has become a very popular concept over the twentieth century. However, few have stopped to study the origins of the category and to critically examine the studies produced on innovation. This paper conducts such an analysis on one type of innovation, namely technological innovation. The study of technological innovation is over one hundred years old. From the early 1900s onward, anthropologists, sociologists, historians, and economists began theorizing about technological innovation, each from his own respective disciplinary framework. However, in the (...)
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  18. Marion Thomas (2005). Are Animals Just Noisy Machines?: Louis Boutan and the Co-Invention of Animal and Child Psychology in the French Third Republic. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):425 - 460.score: 18.0
    Historians of science have only just begun to sample the wealth of different approaches to the study of animal behavior undertaken in the twentieth century. To date, more attention has been given to Lorenzian ethology and American behaviorism than to other work and traditions, but different approaches are equally worthy of the historian's attention, reflecting not only the broader range of questions that could be asked about animal behavior and the "animal mind" but also the different contexts in which these (...)
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  19. James F. Woodward (1992). Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Invention? Foundations of Physics 22 (2):187-203.score: 18.0
    It is noted that Popper separates the creation of concepts, conjectures, hypotheses and theories—the context of invention—from the testing thereof—the context of justification—arguing that only the latter is susceptible of rigorous logical analysis. Efforts on the part of others to shift or eradicate the demarcation established by this distinction are discussed and the relationship of these considerations to the claims of “strong artificial intelligence” is pointed out. It is argued that the mode of education of scientists, as well as (...)
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  20. Lauren McCall (2007). Individual Invention Versus Socio-Ecological Innovation: Unifying the Behavioral and Evolutionary Sciences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (4):418-419.score: 18.0
    Great promise for the evolutionary analysis of animal behavior lies in the distinction between generative novelties and the evolutionary innovations to which they can give rise. Ramsey et al. succeed in emphasizing the contribution of individual learning and intelligence to behavioral innovations, but do not correct the tendency to confound individual invention with socio-ecological or group-level innovation.
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  21. B. Hofmann (2001). The Technological Invention of Disease. Medical Humanities 27 (1):10-19.score: 18.0
    Technology has come to play a profound role in medicine since the middle of the 19th century, and many scholars have analysed the role of technology in medicine. Parallel to this development there has been a comprehensive debate on the concept of disease. This article combines these fields and investigates the influence of technology on the concept of disease. With reference to the literature it tries to elaborate an explicit account of the constitutive role of technology in relation to the (...)
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  22. Angela Groppi (2002). Une revue d'antan : Memoria entre invention et innovation. Clio 2:8-8.score: 18.0
    À vouloir résumer dans une formule l'histoire de plus d'une décennie de Memoria, je suis tentée d'affirmer qu'il s'est agi d'une expérience d'invention avec une innovation et une diffusion limitées. L'allusion du titre est, évidemment, à la célèbre distinction entre invention, innovation et diffusion proposée en 1912 par Joseph Schumpete. Sur la base de cette tripartition, l'innovation se trouve précédée de l'invention qui lance l'idée de quelque chose de nouveau et d'utile pour le progrès, t..
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  23. Richard J. Howarth (2010). Fitting Geomagnetic Fields Before the Invention of Least Squares: II. William Whiston's Isoclinic Maps of Southern England (1719 and 1721). [REVIEW] Annals of Science 60 (1):63-84.score: 18.0
    (2003). Fitting Geomagnetic Fields before the Invention of Least Squares: II. William Whiston's Isoclinic Maps of Southern England (1719 and 1721) Annals of Science: Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 63-84.
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  24. Annick Jaulin (2004). Delphine GARDEY et Ilana LÖWY (dir.), L'Invention du naturel. Les sciences et la fabrication du féminin et du masculin, Paris, Éditions des archives contemporaines, 2000, 227 p. [REVIEW] Clio 1:29-29.score: 18.0
    Ce livre est issu de deux journées d'études organisées par D. Gardey et I. Löwy au Centre de Recherche en Histoire des sciences et des Techniques, journées tenues les 24 janvier et 24 avril 1997 à la Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie à Paris. La première journée était consacrée au thème : « Genre et science. État de la question historique en France et à l'étranger » et proposait un bilan historiographique. La deuxième journée proposait une réflexion sur « (...)
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  25. Lillian Hoddeson (2002). Toward a History-Based Model for Scientific Invention: Problem-Solving Practices in the Invention of the Transistor and the Development of the Theory of Superconductivity. Mind and Society 3 (1):67-79.score: 18.0
    This paper argues that historical research is an important tool for modeling problem-solving in scientific invention and discovery. Two important cases in the history of modern physics—the invention of the transistor by John Bardeen and Walter Brattain and the development of the theory of superconductivity by Bardeen, Leon Cooper, and J. Robert Schrieffer—reveal factors essential to include in such a model. The focus is on problem-solving practices: problem decomposition, analogy, bridging principles, team-work, empirical tinkering, and library research. A (...)
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  26. Ian Wills (2007). Instrumentalizing Failure: Edison's Invention of the Carbon Microphone. Annals of Science 64 (3):383-409.score: 18.0
    Summary For Thomas Edison, experiencing a failure did not mean that he had failed. Through an examination of the process that led to his invention of the carbon microphone, I argue that his positive approach to failure contributed both to his success as an inventor and to the functional success of his inventions. Edison's laboratory notebooks and legal testimony reveal that his seemingly erratic approach and reliance on trial and error methods in fact had a consistent direction and a (...)
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  27. Thomas Dixon (2008). The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain. Published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    'Altruism' was coined by the French sociologist Auguste Comte in the early 1850s as a theoretical term in his 'cerebral theory' and as the central ideal of his atheistic 'Religion of Humanity'. In The Invention of Altruism, Thomas Dixon traces this new language of 'altruism' as it spread through British culture between the 1850s and the 1900s, and in doing so provides a new portrait of Victorian moral thought. Drawing attention to the importance of Comtean positivism in setting the (...)
     
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  28. Galina Granek & Giora Hon (2008). Searching for Asses, Finding a Kingdom: The Story of the Invention of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM). Annals of Science 65 (1):101-125.score: 18.0
    Summary We offer a novel historical-philosophical framework for discussing experimental practice which we call ?Generating Experimental Knowledge?. It combines three different perspectives: experimental systems, concept formation, and the pivotal role of error. We then present an historical account of the invention of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM), or Raster-Tunnelmikroskop, and interpret it within the proposed framework. We show that at the outset of the STM project, Binnig and Rohrer?the inventors of the machine?filed two patent disclosures; the first is dated (...)
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  29. Yvonne Knibiehler (2001). Marie-Françoise CHARRIER et Élise FELLER (dir.), Aux origines de l'Action sociale. L'invention des services sociaux aux chemins de fer, Éditions Eres, 2001, 276 p. [REVIEW] Clio 2:24-24.score: 18.0
    Il y a comme un hiatus entre le titre et le sous-titre de ce livre. Le titre, Aux origines de l'action sociale, annonce une intention modeste ; en effet l'ouvrage, composé de touches successives, ne se présente pas comme une synthèse historique organisée. Par contre le sous-titre indique un projet précis et construit, un projet d'histoire : L'invention des services sociaux aux chemins de fer. Dans le texte tout se passe comme si les auteurs n'avaient pas voulu (pas su (...)
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  30. Michael E. Marotta, 15. “Review of The Invention of Enterprise“. [REVIEW]score: 18.0
    The Invention of Enterprise: Entrepreneurship from Ancient Mesopotamia to Modern Times, David S. Landes, Joel Mokyr, and William J. Baumol, eds., Princeton University Press, 2010, is a dense anthology that provides an “orbital view” of the history of trade and commerce. The essays encompass several theoretic frameworks while following three [...].
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  31. Karen Offen (2006). Le gender est-il une invention américaine? Clio 24:291-304.score: 18.0
    Certaines ont affirmé que le concept de gender était une invention américaine, intraduisible par le mot français « genre ». Pourtant, au-delà des distinctions grammaticales, il existe depuis longtemps - bien avant Beauvoir, Oakley, et l'usage postmoderniste construit par Joan Scott et Judith Butler - un usage français du terme « genre », qui spécifie dans le vocabulaire sociopolitique - notamment féministe - la construction sociale et culturelle des sexes. L’objet de cet article est d’en rétablir les trajectoires historiques (...)
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  32. Richard Schenk (2010). Epilogue : Analogy of Being : Invention of the Antichrist or the Wisdom of God? : Looking Back, Looking Forward. In Thomas Joseph White (ed.), The Analogy of Being: Invention of the Antichrist or the Wisdom of God? W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..score: 18.0
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  33. Samo Tomšič (2010). The Invention of New Love in Psychoanalysis. Filozofski Vestnik 31 (2):189 - +.score: 18.0
    The article discusses the relation between psychoanalysis and philosophy from the perspective of love. But psychoanalysis demonstrates that this love is possible only based on a return to the origins of psychoanalysis where a new modality, or a new image of love is invented in connection with transference. As in philosophical love for knowledge, transference love presupposes a “ready made” operative knowledge which serves the analyst in the interpretation of a double supposition: besides knowledge, it also presupposes its subject: the (...)
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  34. Sebastian Whitestone (2012). Christian Huygens' Lost and Forgotten Pamphlet of His Pendulum Invention. Annals of Science 69 (1):91-104.score: 18.0
    Summary Until recently it was believed that Christian Huygens? earliest publication of his pendulum invention was Horologium of 1658. He published the more famous general treatise, Horologium Oscillatorium, fifteen years later in 1673. Two years ago, an article1 suggesting an unknown collaboration in developing the clock pendulum between Huygens and the Paris clockmaker Isaac Thuret, presented the evidence of Benjamin Martin, an 18th century educationalist and retailer of scientific material. Martin described a Huygens publication of 1657 and reproduced the (...)
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  35. Jacques Hadamard (2008/1954). An Essay on the Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. Read Books.score: 17.0
    We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
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  36. Donald Alan Schon (1963/1967). Invention and the Evolution of Ideas. London, Tavistock Publications.score: 17.0
     
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  37. Roy F. Baumeister & Kathleen D. Vohs (2002). The Collective Invention of Language to Access the Universe of Possible Ideas. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):675-676.score: 16.0
    Thought uses meaning but not necessarily language. Meaning, in the form of a set of possible concepts and ideas, is a nonphysical reality that lay waiting for brains to become smart enough to represent these ideas. Thus, the brain evolved, whereas meaning was discovered, and language was invented – collectively – as a tool to help the brain use meaning.
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  38. Isabelle Grell (2004). The Invention of Two Women in Les Chemins de la Liberté. Sartre Studies International 10 (2):161-181.score: 16.0
    In this article we will observe Sartre sketching, elaborating, and polishing characters, most of whom he carried around in himself for almost fourteen years. In short, we go back to the beginning of the question of the relationship of the writer and his work, relying above all on the manuscripts we have been able to consult. We postulate, and we will see in the course of this article if it is true, that the choice of writing in a certain way, (...)
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  39. Phillip Cary (2000). Augustine's Invention of the Inner Self: The Legacy of a Christian Platonist. OUP USA.score: 16.0
    Phillip Cary argues that Augustine invented or created the concept of self as an inner space--as space into which one can enter and in which one can find God. This concept of inwardness, says Cary, has worked its way deeply into the intellectual heritage of the West and many Western individuals have experienced themselves as inner selves. After surveying the idea of inwardness in Augustine's predecessors, Cary offers a re-examination of Augustine's own writings, making the controversial point that in his (...)
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  40. M. Berent (1998). Stasis, or the Greek Invention of Politics. History of Political Thought 19 (3):331-362.score: 16.0
    The Greek word stasis meant �faction�, �civil war� but also �political standing�. This seems a strange contradiction, particularly since we credit the Greeks with having invented politics. This strange contradiction is partly explained by the nature of the Greek polis, which was not a State, but rather what anthropologists call a stateless community. The latter is a relatively unstratified egalitarian community characterized by the absence of public coercive apparatuses. However, though stateless, the Greek polis was also different from stateless communities (...)
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  41. Michel Paty (2012). On the Structure of Rationality in the Thought and Invention or Creation of Physical Theories. Principia 15 (2):303.score: 16.0
    We want to consider anew the question, which is recurrent along the history of philosophy, of the relationship between rationality and mathematics, by inquiring to which extent the structuration of rationality, which ensures the unity of its function under a variety of forms (and even according to an evolution of these forms), could be considered as homeomorphic with that of mathematical thought, taken in its movement and made concrete in its theories. This idea, which is as old as philosophy itself, (...)
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  42. Lloyd Gerson (2004). Platonism and the Invention of the Problem of Universals. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 86 (3):233-256.score: 15.0
    In this paper, I explore the origins of the ‘problem of universals’. I argue that the problem has come to be badly formulated and that consideration of it has been impeded by falsely supposing that Platonic Forms were ever intended as an alternative to Aristotelian universals. In fact, the role that Forms are supposed by Plato to fulfill is independent of the function of a universal. I briefly consider the gradual mutation of the problem in the Academy, in Alexander of (...)
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  43. Cecilia Sjöholm (2004). The Antigone Complex: Ethics and the Invention of Feminine Desire. Stanford University Press.score: 15.0
    What if psychoanalysis had chosen Antigone rather than Oedipus? This book traces the relation between ethics and desire in important philosophical texts that focus on femininity and use Antigone as their model. It shows that the notion of feminine desire is conditioned by a view of women as being prone to excesses and deficiencies in relation to ethical norms and rules. Sjöholm explains Mary Wollstonecraft’s work, as well as readings of Antigone by G.W.F. Hegel, Martin Heidegger, Luce Irigaray, Jacques Lacan, (...)
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  44. Andrew Cunningham (1988). Getting the Game Right: Some Plain Words on the Identity and Invention of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (3):365-389.score: 15.0
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  45. Elie Zahar (1983). Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Invention? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (3):243-261.score: 15.0
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  46. Matthew C. Ally (2000). Normative Inertia, Historical Momentum and Moral Invention. Sartre Studies International 6 (1):105-115.score: 15.0
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  47. François Hartog (2000). The Invention of History: The Pre-History of a Concept From Homer to Herodotus. History and Theory 39 (3):384–395.score: 15.0
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  48. Mario Sáenz (1998). Enrique Dussel, the Invention of the Americas: Eclipse of“the Other”and the Myth of Modernity. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 31 (4):425-434.score: 15.0
  49. Larry Laudan (1983). Invention and Justification. Philosophy of Science 50 (2):320-322.score: 15.0
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  50. James I. Porter (1995). The Invention of Dionysus and the Platonic Midwife: Nietzsche's. Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (3).score: 15.0
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