Search results for 'irreversibility' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Marij van Strien (2013). The Nineteenth Century Conflict Between Mechanism and Irreversibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):191-205.score: 24.0
    The reversibility problem (better known as the reversibility objection) is usually taken to be an internal problem in the kinetic theory of gases, namely the problem of how to account for the second law of thermodynamics within this theory. Historically, it is seen as an objection that was raised against Boltzmann's kinetic theory of gases, which led Boltzmann to a statistical approach to the kinetic theory, culminating in the development of statistical mechanics. In this paper, I show that in the (...)
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  2. Aspasia S. Moue (2008). The Thought Experiment of Maxwell's Demon and the Origin of Irreversibility. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 39 (1):69 - 84.score: 24.0
    The problem of the irreversibility’s origin in thermodynamic processes occupies a distinguished place among many and lasting attempts by researchers to derive irreversibility from molecular-mechanical principles. However, this problem is still open and no universally accepted solution may be given during any course. In this paper, I shall try to show that the examining of Maxwell’s demon thought experiment may provide insight into the difficulties that emerge, looking for this origin because: (i) it is connected with the notion (...)
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  3. Noël Pauwels, Bartel van De Walle, Frank Hardeman & Karel Soudan (2000). The Implications of Irreversibility in Emergency Response Decisions. Theory and Decision 49 (1):25-51.score: 24.0
    The irreversibility effect implies that a decision maker who neglects the prospect of receiving more complete information at later stages of a sequential decision problem will in certain cases too easily take an irreversible decision, as he ignores the existence of a positive option value in favour of reversible decisions. This option value represents the decision maker's flexibility to adapt subsequent decisions to the obtained information. In this paper we show that the economic models dealing with irreversibility as (...)
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  4. Guido J. M. Verstraeten (1991). Some Critical Remarks Concerning Prigogine's Conception of Temporal Irreversibility. Philosophy of Science 58 (4):639-654.score: 24.0
    The concept underlying Prigogine's ideas is the asymmetric "lifetime" he introduces into thermodynamics in addition to the symmetric time parameter. By identifying processes by means of causal chains of genidentical events, we examine the intrinsic order of lifetime adopting Grunbaum's symmetric time order. Further, we define the physical meaning and the actuality of the processes under consideration. We conclude that Prigogine's microscopic temporal irreversibility is tacitly assumed at macroscopic level. Moreover, his "new" complementarity lacks any scientific foundation. Finally, we (...)
     
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  5. M. Castagnino, M. Gadella & O. Lombardi (2006). Time-Reversal, Irreversibility and Arrow of Time in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 36 (3):407-426.score: 21.0
    The aim of this paper is to analyze time-asymmetric quantum mechanics with respect of its validity as a non time-reversal invariant, time-asymmetric theory as well as of its ability to determine an arrow of time.
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  6. Shyama V. Ramani & Alban Richard (1993). Decision, Irreversibility and Flexibility: The Irreversibility Effect Re-Examined. Theory and Decision 35 (3):259-276.score: 21.0
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  7. Anton Burykin, Madalena D. Costa, Chung‐Kang Peng, Ary L. Goldberger & Timothy G. Buchman (2011). Generating Signals with Multiscale Time Irreversibility: The Asymmetric Weierstrass Function. Complexity 16 (4):29-38.score: 21.0
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  8. Clemens Löffler, Thomas Pfeiffer & Georg Schneider (2013). The Irreversibility Effect and Agency Conflicts. Theory and Decision 74 (2):219-239.score: 21.0
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  9. Gustavo E. Romero & Daniela Pérez (2011). Time and Irreversibility in an Accelerating Universe. International Journal of Modern Physics D 20:2831-2838.score: 20.0
    It is a remarkable fact that all processes occurring in the observable universe are irre- versible, whereas the equations through which the fundamental laws of physics are formu- lated are invariant under time reversal. The emergence of irreversibility from the funda- mental laws has been a topic of consideration by physicists, astronomers and philosophers since Boltzmann's formulation of his famous \H" theorem. In this paper we shall discuss some aspects of this problem and its connection with the dynamics of (...)
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  10. Benjamin Gal-Or (1976). Cosmological Origin of Irreversibility, Time, and Time Anisotropies. II. Gravitism. Foundations of Physics 6 (6):623-637.score: 18.0
    It is proposed to consider a new primary time coordinate whose use resolves a number of standing paradoxes associated with current concepts of time, time asymmetrics, and irreversibility. The origin of absolute cosmic time and its undirectional coupling with local (geocentric) thermodynamics are stressed and formulated. The role of neutrinos in expanding space is discussed together with the question of the microscopic arrow of time (T violations in kaonic systems.) The failure of quantum mechanics to deduce time asymmetries and (...)
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  11. Richard N. Thomas (1977). Irreversibility,Evolution,Evolution, and the Process of Local Concentration. Foundations of Physics 7 (1-2):137-150.score: 18.0
    We suggest that some general questions of irreversibility and of quasi-Equilibrium vs. non-Equilibrium configurations (terminology is explained in the text), with respect to both biophysical and physical structures, can be clarified by generalizing results from investigations of stellar structure in relation to its environment. Such work has evolved from considerations of the stellar atmosphere as a transition zone between the quasi-Equilibrium stellar interior and the non-Equilibrium interstellar medium. As opposed to suggestions of irreversibility originating in the large (Gal-Or, (...)
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  12. Mario Castagnino, Manuel Gadella & Olimpia Lombardi (2005). Time's Arrow and Irreversibility in Time-Asymmetric Quantum Mechanics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):223 – 243.score: 18.0
    The aim of this paper is to analyze time-asymmetric quantum mechanics with respect to the problems of irreversibility and of time's arrow. We begin with arguing that both problems are conceptually different. Then, we show that, contrary to a common opinion, the theory's ability to describe irreversible quantum processes is not a consequence of the semigroup evolution laws expressing the non-time-reversal invariance of the theory. Finally, we argue that time-asymmetric quantum mechanics, either in Prigogine's version or in Bohm's version, (...)
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  13. John P. Lizza (2005). Potentiality, Irreversibility, and Death. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):45 – 64.score: 18.0
    There has been growing concern about whether individuals who satisfy neurological criteria for death or who become non-heart-beating organ donors are really dead. This concern has focused on the issue of the potential for recovery that these individuals may still have and whether their conditions are irreversible. In this article I examine the concepts of potentiality and irreversibility that have been invoked in the discussions of the definition of death and non-heart-beating organ donation. I initially focus on the recent (...)
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  14. K. G. Denbigh (1989). The Many Faces of Irreversibility. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (4):501-518.score: 18.0
    Irreversibility, it is claimed, is a much broader concept than is entropy increase, as is shown by the occurrence of certain processes which are irreversible without seeming to involve any intrinsic entropy change. These processes include the spreading outwards into space of particles, or of radiation, and they also include certain biological and mental phenomena. For instance, the irreversible and treelike branching which is characteristic of natural evolution is not entropic when it is considered in itself—i.e. in abstraction from (...)
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  15. James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell, Anthony J. Short & Berry Groisman (2007). The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamic Irreversibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (1):58-79.score: 18.0
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kTln2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton (2005) and Owen Maroney (2005) both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and Maroney offers (...)
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  16. Tony Short, James Ladyman, Berry Groisman & Stuart Presnell, The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamical Irreversibility.score: 18.0
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kT ln 2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton (2005) and Owen Maroney (2005) both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and (...)
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  17. Elias José Palti (1997). Time, Modernity and Time Irreversibility. Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (5):27-62.score: 18.0
    As soon as 'modernity' was defined as a particular way of con ceiving of time (the so-called 'time of modernity'), the questions of tempo rality came to be situated at the heart of the ongoing debate regarding the legitimacy or illegitimacy of the 'modern age'. This has, in turn, readily led to a no less passionate search for the assessment of modernity's foundations which are thought to rest in its typical sense of experiencing temporality. This polemic instance, however, (...)
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  18. Robert W. Batterman (1990). Irreversibility and Statistical Mechanics: A New Approach? Philosophy of Science 57 (3):395-419.score: 18.0
    I discuss a broad critique of the classical approach to the foundations of statistical mechanics (SM) offered by N. S. Krylov. He claims that the classical approach is in principle incapable of providing the foundations for interpreting the "laws" of statistical physics. Most intriguing are his arguments against adopting a de facto attitude towards the problem of irreversibility. I argue that the best way to understand his critique is as setting the stage for a positive theory which treats SM (...)
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  19. L. G. M. Gordon (1981). Brownian Movement and Microscopic Irreversibility. Foundations of Physics 11 (1-2):103-113.score: 18.0
    An extension of the hypothetical experiment of Szilard, which involved the action of a one-molecule gas in an isolated isothermal system, is developed to illustrate how irreversibility may arise out of Brownian motion. As this development requires a consideration of nonmolecular components such as wheels and pistons, the thought-experiment is remodeled in molecular terms and appears to function as a perpetuum mobile.
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  20. Chuang Liu (2001). Infinite Systems in SM Explanations: Thermodynamic Limit, Renormalization (Semi-) Groups, and Irreversibility. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S325-.score: 18.0
    This paper examines the justifications for using infinite systems to 'recover' thermodynamic properties, such as phase transitions (PT), critical phenomena (CP), and irreversibility, from the micro-structure of matter in bulk. Section 2 is a summary of such rigorous methods as in taking the thermodynamic limit (TL) to recover PT and in using renormalization (semi-) group approach (RG) to explain the universality of critical exponents. Section 3 examines various possible justifications for taking TL on physically finite systems. Section 4 discusses (...)
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  21. Harald Atmanspacher, Extrinsic and Intrinsic Irreversibility in Probabilistic Dynamical Laws.score: 18.0
    Two distinct conceptions for the relation between reversible, time-reversal invariant laws of nature and the irreversible behavior of physical systems are outlined. The standard, extrinsic concept of irreversibility is based on the notion of an open system interacting with its environment. An alternative, intrinsic concept of irreversibility does not explicitly refer to any environment at all. Basic aspects of the two concepts are presented and compared with each other. The significance of the terms extrinsic and intrinsic is discussed.
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  22. Guido Verstraeten (1991). Some Critical Remarks Concerning Prigogine's Conception of Temporal Irreversibility. Philosophy of Science 58 (4):639-654.score: 18.0
    The concept underlying Prigogine's ideas is the asymmetric "lifetime" he introduces into thermodynamics in addition to the symmetric time parameter. By identifying processes by means of causal chains of genidentical events, we examine the intrinsic order of lifetime adopting Grunbaum's symmetric time order. Further, we define the physical meaning and the actuality of the processes under consideration. We conclude that Prigogine's microscopic temporal irreversibility is tacitly assumed at macroscopic level. Moreover, his "new" complementarity lacks any scientific foundation. Finally, we (...)
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  23. John Earman (1986). The Problem of Irreversibility. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:226 - 233.score: 18.0
    After reviewing recent literature from physics and philosophy, it is concluded that we are still far from having a satisfying explanation of the nature and origins of irreversibility. It is proposed that the most fruitful approach to this problem is to concentrate on conditions needed for a rigorous derivation of the Boltzmann equation.
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  24. Georges Lochak (1981). Irreversibility in Physics: Reflections on the Evolution of Ideas in Mechanics and on the Actual Crisis in Physics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 11 (7-8):593-621.score: 18.0
    The author proposes to show that the actual crisis in microphysics is principally due to the fact that, as quantum mechanics is a theory of stationary states and reversible movements, it fundamentally ignores the notion of a transitory process. The essential characteristic of quantum theories is the result of an evolution of more than two centuries; a period of development essentially devoted to the description of stationary and reversible phenomena. The author's point of view, which reflects that of the school (...)
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  25. Olimpia Lombardi & Martín Labarca (2005). Los enfoques de Boltzmann y Gibbs frente al problema de la irreversibilidad (Boltzmann and Gibbs Approaches in the Problem of Irreversibility). Critica 37 (111):39 - 81.score: 18.0
    El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en analizar las diferencias entre los enfoques de Boltzmann y de Gibbs respecto del problema de la irreversibilidad. Dicho análisis nos permitirá poner de manifiesto que, en las discusiones acerca de las condiciones necesarias para la irreversibilidad, no suele advertirse que la diferencia central entre los dos enfoques consiste en la utilización de diferentes conceptos de equilibrio y, por tanto, de irreversibilidad. Finalmente se argumentará que, si bien inicialmente ambos enfoques parecen por completo irreconciliables, (...)
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  26. Mario Castagnino, Manuel Gadella & Olimpia Lombardi, Time-Reversal Invariance and Irreversibility in Time-Asymmetric Quantum Mechanics.score: 18.0
    The aim of this paper is to analyze the concepts of time-reversal invariance and irreversibility in the so-called 'time-asymmetric quantum mechanics'. We begin with pointing out the difference between these two concepts. On this basis, we show that irreversibility is not as tightly linked to the semigroup evolution laws of the theory -which lead to its non time-reversal invariance- as usually suggested. In turn, we argue that the irreversible evolutions described by the theory are coarse-grained processes.
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  27. Henry B. Hollinger & Michael J. Zenzen (1982). An Interpretation of Macroscopic Irreversibility Within the Newtonian Framework. Philosophy of Science 49 (3):309-354.score: 18.0
    Some of the most imaginative analyses in contemporary science have been fostered by the paradox of irreversibility. Rendered as a question the paradox reads: How can the anisotropic macrophysical behavior of a system of molecules be reconciled with the underlying reversible molecular model? Attempts to resolve and dissolve the paradox have appealed to large numbers of particles, jammed correlations, unseen perturbations, hidden variables or constraints, uncertainty principles, averaging procedures (e.g., coarse graining and time smoothing), stochastic flaws, cosmological origins, etc. (...)
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  28. David Bohm (1987). The Implicate Order and Prigogine's Notions of Irreversibility. Foundations of Physics 17 (7):667-677.score: 18.0
    In this paper, a very close relationship between Prigogine's notions of irreversibility and the implicate order is brought out. Certain of Prigogine's basic assumptions with regard to irreversible processes are also shown to be the equivalent of the introduction of nilpotent operators in the algebra underlying the implicate order.
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  29. Francisco Aboitiz (1990). Behavior, Body Types and the Irreversibility of Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 38 (2).score: 18.0
    A functional approach to evolutionary morphology is emphasized in this paper. This perspective differs from the current structuralist trend, which emphasizes the constraining role of developmental paths. In addition, the present approach agrees with the adaptationist paradigm. It is further argued that three types of phenomena are better understood in this light: i.- the existence of evolutionary trends, ii.- the maintenance of certain structural features within a given taxon, and iii.- the irreversibility of evolution.
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  30. V. S. Mashkevich (1985). Quantum Statistical Dynamics: Statistics Origin, Measurement, and Irreversibility. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 15 (1):1-33.score: 18.0
    It is shown that in the quantum theory of systems with a finite number of degrees of freedom which employs a set of algebraic states, a statistical element introduced by averaging the mean values of operators over the distribution of continuous quantities (a spectrum point of a canonical operator and time) is conserved for the limiting transition to the δ distribution. On that basis, quantum statistical dynamics, i.e., a theory in which dynamics (time evolution) includes a statistical element, is advanced. (...)
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  31. Darryl Leiter (1984). On the Origin of Irreversibility in Classical Electrodynamic Measurement Processes. Foundations of Physics 14 (9):849-863.score: 18.0
    We present a new formalism for the microscopic classical electrodynamics of point charges in which the dynamic absence of self-interactions is enforced by the action principle, without eliminating the field degrees of freedom. In this context, free local radiation fields are dynamically prohibited. Instead radiation is carried by charge-field functionals of the current which have a negative parity under mathematical time reversal. This leads to the dynamic requirement of a physical time arrow in the equations of motion in order to (...)
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  32. Benjamin Gal-Or (1976). Cosmological Origin of Irreversibility, Time, and Time Anisotropies. I. Foundations of Physics 6 (4):407-426.score: 16.0
    Causal links among the thermodynamic, electrodynamic, and cosmological arrows of time are explained within the framework of a new theory derived from Newtonian gravitation or general relativistic theory. The master asymmetry so derived is employed to deduce the second postulate of thermodynamics in terms of dissipation function or entropic growth. Discussing Olbers' paradox and employing a “laboratory-universe principle of equivalence,” the theory demonstrates how the expansion of our isotropic universe affects all irreversible processes on earth. Gravitation and the observed expanding (...)
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  33. Daniel Parker (2005). Thermodynamic Irreversibility: Does the Big Bang Explain What It Purports to Explain? Philosophy of Science 72 (5):751-763.score: 16.0
    In this paper I examine Albert’s (2000) claim that the low entropy state of the early universe is sufficient to explain irreversible thermodynamic phenomena. In particular, I argue that conditionalising on the initial state of the universe does not have the explanatory power it is presumed to have. I present several arguments to the effect that Albert’s ‘past hypothesis’ alone cannot justify the belief in past non-equilibrium conditions or ground the veracity of records of the past.
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  34. Rolland Munro (2010). Not for Turning? Power, Institutional Ethos and the Ethics of Irreversibility. Business Ethics 19 (3):292-307.score: 16.0
    Adoption of an 'ethics of reversibility' can seem fashionably enlightened, even democratic, but appears less radical when issues of power are opened up. Adopting the motif of keeping , this paper sets its questioning of an on-going individuation of ethics within the context of an insidious reduction of institutional mores to business parlance. Keeping Derrida's 'philosophy of reversals' in view, the discussion resists the double bind of attempts to make higher-level decisions ever more 'irreversible' on the one hand, while devolving (...)
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  35. Jason T. Eberl (2008). Potentiality, Possibility, and the Irreversibility of Death. Review of Metaphysics 62 (1):61-77.score: 16.0
    This paper considers the issue of cryopreservation and the definition of death from an Aristotelian-Thomistic perspective. A central conceptual focus throughout this discussion is the purportedly irreversible nature of death and the criteria by which a human body is considered to be informed by a rational soul. It concludes that a cryopreserved corpse fails to have “life potentially in it” sufficient to satisfy Aristotle’s definition of ensoulment. Therefore, if the possibility that such a corpse may be successfully preserved and resuscitated (...)
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  36. Rod Cross (1995). Metaphors and Time Reversibility and Irreversibility in Economic Systems. Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (1):123-134.score: 16.0
    This paper deals with the way metaphors carried over from physical or biological systems condition the analysis of economic systems. The metaphors drawn from Newtonian mechanics, or from conservative fields of force, by neoclassical economists are discussed. Alternative metaphors which involve non-homeostasis and time irreversible processes are then outlined. Particular attention is paid to thermodynamics, evolutionary biology, and non-conservative or hysteretic force fields as sources of such metaphors. It is argued that these metaphors provide illumination to aspects of economic systems (...)
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  37. John Collier (1990). Two Faces of Maxwell's Demon Reveal the Nature of Irreversibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (2):257-268.score: 15.0
    demon thought experiment remains ambiguous even today. One of the most delightful thought It seems that Maxwell originally invoked experiments in the history of physical science is..
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  38. Alexandre Korolev (2007). Indeterminism, Asymptotic Reasoning, and Time Irreversibility in Classical Physics. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):943-956.score: 15.0
    A recent proposal by Norton (2003) to show that a simple Newtonian system can exhibit stochastic acausal behavior by giving rise to spontaneous movements of a mass on the dome of a certain shape is examined. We discuss the physical significance of an often overlooked and yet important Lipschitz condition the violation of which leads to the existence of anomalous nontrivial solutions in this and similar cases. We show that the Lipschitz condition is closely linked with the time reversibility of (...)
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  39. Selmer Bringsjord (1998). Cognition is Not Computation: The Argument From Irreversibility. Synthese 113 (2):285-320.score: 15.0
    The dominant scientific and philosophical view of the mind – according to which, put starkly, cognition is computation – is refuted herein, via specification and defense of the following new argument: Computation is reversible; cognition isn't; ergo, cognition isn't computation. After presenting a sustained dialectic arising from this defense, we conclude with a brief preview of the view we would put in place of the cognition-is-computation doctrine.
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  40. P. Glansdorff (1987). Irreversibility in Macroscopic Physics: From Carnot Cycle to Dissipative Structures. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 17 (7):653-666.score: 15.0
    The conceptual foundations of the modern thermodynamic theory related to a large category of far-from-equilibrium phenomena are outlined, and the historical continuity with early developments based on the impossibility of perpetual motion is discussed.In this perspective the discovery of thermodynamic stability criteria around steady or periodic processes, together with a general evolution criterion that is valid in the non-linear region (and thus implying creation of order and applicability to living systems), appears as a most remarkable development indeed. The leading role (...)
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  41. Karl R. Popper (1957). Irreversibility; or, Entropy Since 1905. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (30):151-155.score: 15.0
  42. Eric Desjardins (2011). Reflections on Path Dependence and Irreversibility: Lessons From Evolutionary Biology. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):724-738.score: 15.0
  43. John Earman (1967). Irreversibility and Temporal Asymmetry. Journal of Philosophy 64 (18):543-549.score: 15.0
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  44. Michael Esfeld, Popper on Irreversibility and the Arrow of Time.score: 15.0
    in Ian Jarvie, Karl Milford and David Miller (eds.): Karl Popper: A centenary assessment, Aldershot: Ashgate 2006, Chapter 45, pp. 57–70.
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  45. Stephen Jay Gould (1970). Dollo on Dollo's Law: Irreversibility and the Status of Evolutionary Laws. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 3 (2):189 - 212.score: 15.0
  46. Richard E. Aquila (1985). Necessity and Irreversibility in the Second Analogy. History of Philosophy Quarterly 2 (2):203 - 215.score: 15.0
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  47. Tom Tomlinson (1993). The Irreversibility of Death: Reply to Cole. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):157-165.score: 15.0
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  48. A. O. Barut (1987). Irreversibility, Organization, and Self-Organization in Quantum Electrodynamics. Foundations of Physics 17 (6):549-559.score: 15.0
    QED is a fundamental microscopic theory satisfying all the conservation laws and discrete symmetries C, P, T. Yet, dissipative phenomena, organization, and self-organization occur even at this basic microscopic two-body level. How these processes come about and how they are described in QED is discussed. A possible new phase of QED due to self-energy effects leading to self-organization is predicted.
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  49. Michael J. Zenzen (1977). Popper, Grünbaum and de Facto Irreversibility. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):313-324.score: 15.0
  50. A. Stern (1960). The Irreversibility of History. Diogenes 8 (29):1-15.score: 15.0
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