Search results for 'laws of physics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Davies (2010). The Nature of the Laws of Physics and Their Mysterious Bio-Friendliness. In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. 767--788.score: 720.0
    This chapter contains sections titled: * 1 The Universe Is Weirdly Fine-Tuned for Life * 2 The Cosmic Code * 3 The Concept of Laws * 4 Are the Laws Real? * 5 Does a Multiverse Explain the Goldilocks Enigma? * 6 Many Scientists Hate the Multiverse Idea * 7 Who Designed the Multiverse? * 8 If There Were a Unique Final Theory, God Would Be Redundant * 9 What Exists and What Doesn’t: Who or What Gets to (...)
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  2. Victor J. Stenger (2006). The Comprehensible Cosmos: Where Do the Laws of Physics Come From? Prometheus Books.score: 612.0
    What are the laws of physics? -- The stuff that kicks back -- Point-of-view invariance -- Gauging the laws of physics -- Forces and broken symmetries -- Playing dice -- After the bang -- Out of the void -- The comprehensible cosmos -- Models of reality.
     
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  3. Nancy Cartwright (1983). How the Laws of Physics Lie. Oxford University Press.score: 555.0
    In this sequence of philosophical essays about natural science, the author argues that fundamental explanatory laws, the deepest and most admired successes of modern physics, do not in fact describe regularities that exist in nature. Cartwright draws from many real-life examples to propound a novel distinction: that theoretical entities, and the complex and localized laws that describe them, can be interpreted realistically, but the simple unifying laws of basic theory cannot.
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  4. Renat Nugayev (1991). The Fundamental Laws of Physics Can Tell the Truth. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (1):79 – 87.score: 549.0
    INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE Vol. 5, number 1, Autumn 1991, pp. 79-87. R.M. Nugayev. -/- The fundamental laws of physics can tell the truth. -/- Abstract. Nancy Cartwright’s arguments in favour of phenomenological laws and against fundamental ones are discussed. Her criticisms of the standard cjvering-law account are extended using Vyacheslav Stepin’s analysis of the structure of fundamental theories. It is argued that Cartwright’s thesis 9that the laws of physics lie) is too (...)
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  5. Ulrich Mohrhoff (2002). Why the Laws of Physics Are Just So. Foundations of Physics 32 (8):1313-1324.score: 546.0
    Does a world that contains chemistry entail the validity of both the standard model of elementary particle physics and general relativity, at least as effective theories? This article shows that the answer may very well be affirmative. It further suggests that the very existence of stable, spatially extended material objects, if not the very existence of the physical world, may require the validity of these theories.
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  6. Geert Keil (2005). How the Ceteris Paribus Laws of Physics Lie. In Jan Faye, Paul Needham, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.), Nature�s Principles. Springer. 167--200.score: 540.0
    After a brief survey of the literature on ceteris paribus clauses and ceteris paribus laws (1), the problem of exceptions, which creates the need for cp laws, is discussed (2). It emerges that the so-called skeptical view of laws of nature does not apply to laws of any kind whatever. Only some laws of physics are plagued with exceptions, not THE laws (3). Cp clauses promise a remedy, which has to be located among (...)
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  7. P. P. Allport (1993). Are the Laws of Physics 'Economical with the Truth'? Synthese 94 (2):245 - 290.score: 540.0
    It has been argued that the fundamental laws of physics are deceitful in that they give the impression of greater unity and coherence in our theories than is actually found to be the case. Causal stories and phenomenological relationships are claimed to provide a more acceptable account of the world, and only theoretical entities — not laws — are considered as perhaps corresponding to real features of the world.This paper examines these claims in the light of the (...)
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  8. Yuri Balashov, Laws of Physics and the Universe.score: 540.0
    Are the laws of nature real? Do they belong to the world or merely reflect the way we speak about it? And if they are real, what sort of entity are they? These questions have been intensely debated by philosophers. Modern cosmology, however, has given such questions a new twist by introducing a unique perspective on physical reality, the perspective which I shall call the cosmological point of view. In this perspective, the universe as a whole presents itself as (...)
     
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  9. A. David Kline & Carl A. Matheson (1986). How the Laws of Physics Don't Even Fib. Psa 1986:33--41.score: 540.0
    The most recent challenge to the covering-law model of explanation (N. Cartwright, How the laws of Physics Lie) charges that the fundamental explanatory laws are not true. In fact explanation and truth are alleged to pull in different directions. We hold that this gets its force from confusing issues about the truth of the laws in the explanation and the precision with which those laws can yield an exact description of the event to be explained. (...)
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  10. David Jon Spurrett (1999). Fundamental Laws and the Completeness of Physics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (3):261 – 274.score: 525.0
    The status of fundamental laws is an important issue when deciding between the three broad ontological options of fundamentalism (of which the thesis that physics is complete is typically a sub-type), emergentism, and disorder or promiscuous realism. Cartwright’s assault on fundamental laws which argues that such laws do not, and cannot, typically state the facts, and hence cannot be used to support belief in a fundamental ontological order, is discussed in this context. A case is made (...)
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  11. Alan Chalmers (1999). Making Sense of Laws of Physics. In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer. 3--16.score: 492.0
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  12. Roger Penrose (1999). The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics. OUP Oxford.score: 492.0
    For many decades, the proponents of `artificial intelligence' have maintained that computers will soon be able to do everything that a human can do. In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating roller-coaster ride through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine.
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  13. John Earman, Christopher Smeenk & Christian Wüthrich (2009). Do the Laws of Physics Forbid the Operation of Time Machines? Synthese 169 (1):91 - 124.score: 486.0
    We address the question of whether it is possible to operate a time machine by manipulating matter and energy so as to manufacture closed timelike curves. This question has received a great deal of attention in the physics literature, with attempts to prove no-go theorems based on classical general relativity and various hybrid theories serving as steps along the way towards quantum gravity. Despite the effort put into these no-go theorems, there is no widely accepted definition of a time (...)
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  14. Christian Wüthrich (2009). Do the Laws of Physics Forbid the Operation of Time Machines? Synthese 169 (1):91 - 124.score: 486.0
    We address the question of whether it is possible to operate a time machine by manipulating matter and energy so as to manufacture closed timelike curves. This question has received a great deal of attention in the physics literature, with attempts to prove no- go theorems based on classical general relativity and various hybrid theories serving as steps along the way towards quantum gravity. Despite the effort put into these no-go theorems, there is no widely accepted definition of a (...)
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  15. Aaron Sloman (1992). The Emperor's Real Mind -- Review of Roger Penrose's The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers Minds and the Laws of Physics. Artificial Intelligence 56 (2-3):355-396.score: 477.0
    "The Emperor's New Mind" by Roger Penrose has received a great deal of both praise and criticism. This review discusses philosophical aspects of the book that form an attack on the "strong" AI thesis. Eight different versions of this thesis are distinguished, and sources of ambiguity diagnosed, including different requirements for relationships between program and behaviour. Excessively strong versions attacked by Penrose (and Searle) are not worth defending or attacking, whereas weaker versions remain problematic. Penrose (like Searle) regards the notion (...)
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  16. Marc Lange (2009). Must the Fundamental Laws of Physics Be Complete? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (2):312-345.score: 468.0
    The beauty of electricity, or of any other force, is not that the power is mysterious and unexpected, touching every sense at unawares in turn, but that it is under law... Michael Faraday, Wheatstone's Electric Telegraph's Relation to Science (being an argument in favour of the full recognition of Science as a branch of Education), 1854.
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  17. Ronald Laymon (1989). Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics. Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353-372.score: 459.0
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  18. Malcolm R. Forster (1985). Book Review:How the Laws of Physics Lie Nancy Cartwright. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (3):478-.score: 459.0
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  19. Alan Chalmers (1993). So the Laws of Physics Needn't Lie. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):196 – 205.score: 459.0
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  20. Allan Franklin, Are the Laws of Physics Inevitable?score: 459.0
    Social constructionists believe that experimental evidence plays a minimal role in the production of scientific knowledge, while rationalists such as myself believe that experimental evidence is crucial in it. As one historical example in support of the rationalist position, I trace in some detail the theoretical and experimental research that led to our understanding of beta decay, from Enrico Fermi’s pioneering theory of 1934 to George Sudarshan and Robert Marshak’s and Richard Feynman and Murray Gell-Mann’s suggestion in 1957 and 1958, (...)
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  21. Roger Penrose (2011). Godel, the Mind, and the Laws of Physics. In Matthias Baaz (ed.), Kurt Gödel and the Foundations of Mathematics: Horizons of Truth. Cambridge University Press. 339.score: 459.0
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  22. Kenneth G. Wilson, George E. Smith, Constance K. Barsky & Stanislaw D. Glazek (2010). Could Testing of the Laws of Physics Ever BE Complete? In Harald Fritzsch & K. K. Phua (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday. World Scientific.score: 459.0
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  23. Nancy Cartwright (1980). Do the Laws of Physics State the Facts? In M. Curd & J. A. Cover (eds.), Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues. Norton. 865-877.score: 459.0
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  24. David Park (1975). Laws of Physics and Ideas of Time. In J. T. Fraser & Nathaniel M. Lawrence (eds.), The Study of Time Ii. Springer-Verlag. 258--266.score: 459.0
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  25. Mary Tiles (1985). How the Laws of Physics Lie By Nancy Cartwright Oxford University Press, 1983, 221 Pp., £7.95Representing and Intervening By Ian Hacking Cambridge University Press, 1983, Xv + 287 Pp., £20.00, £5.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy 60 (231):133-.score: 450.0
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  26. Oliver Schulte (2000). Inferring Conservation Laws in Particle Physics: A Case Study in the Problem of Induction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):771-806.score: 450.0
    This paper develops a means–end analysis of an inductive problem that arises in particle physics: how to infer from observed reactions conservation principles that govern all reactions among elementary particles. I show that there is a reliable inference procedure that is guaranteed to arrive at an empirically adequate set of conservation principles as more and more evidence is obtained. An interesting feature of reliable procedures for finding conservation principles is that in certain precisely defined circumstances they must introduce hidden (...)
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  27. Yvon Gauthier (1984). How the Laws of Physics Lie Nancy Cartwright Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. 221 P. Dialogue 23 (03):522-525.score: 450.0
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  28. Harold I. Brown (1988). How the Laws of Physics Lie. International Studies in Philosophy 20 (3):102-103.score: 450.0
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  29. Jeffrey Bub (1985). Nancy Cartwright, How The Laws of Physics Lie Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (3):104-107.score: 450.0
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  30. Orest Bedrij (2000). Revelation and Verification of Ultimate Reality and Meaning Through Direct Experience and the Laws of Physics. Ultimate Reality and Meaning 23 (1):36-84.score: 450.0
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  31. C. Dilworth (1987). Review of HOW the Laws of Physics Lie, by N. Cartwright. [REVIEW] Epistemologia 10:143-145.score: 450.0
     
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  32. James H. Fetzer (1985). How the Laws of Physics Lie. Philosophical Books 26 (2):120-124.score: 450.0
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  33. Władysław Krajewski (1986). Czy prawa fizyki są prawdziwe? (N. Cartwright, \"How the Laws of Physics Lie\", New York 1983). Studia Filozoficzne 246 (5).score: 450.0
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  34. Carlos P. Otero (1990). The Emergence of Homo Loquens and the Laws of Physics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):747-750.score: 450.0
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  35. Richard Rorty (1997). Thomas Kuhn, Rocks, and the Laws of Physics. Common Knowledge 6:6-16.score: 450.0
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  36. Jonathan Walmsley (1998). How the Laws of Physics Still Lie. The Philosophers' Magazine 4:36-38.score: 450.0
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  37. D. Costantini & U. Garibaldi (1996). Predictive Laws of Association in Statistics and Physics. Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):399 - 422.score: 444.0
    In the present paper we face the problem of estimating cell probabilities in the case of a two-dimensional contingency table from a predictive point of view. The solution is given by a double stochastic process. The first subprocess, the unobservable one, is supposed to be exchangeable and invariant. For the second subprocess, the observable one, we suppose it is independent conditional on the first one.
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  38. Karl Schmidt (1933). The Existential Status of Facts and Laws in Physics. The Monist 43 (2):161-172.score: 435.0
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  39. Thomas E. Phipps Jr (1990). Weber-Type Laws of Action-at-a-Distance in Modern Physics. Apeiron 8:8-14.score: 435.0
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  40. Lydia Jaeger (2010). The Contingency of Laws of Nature in Science and Theology. Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1611-1624.score: 423.0
    The belief that laws of nature are contingent played an important role in the emergence of the empirical method of modern physics. During the scientific revolution, this belief was based on the idea of voluntary creation. Taking up Peter Mittelstaedt’s work on laws of nature, this article explores several alternative answers which do not overtly make use of metaphysics: some laws are laws of mathematics; macroscopic laws can emerge from the interplay of numerous subsystems (...)
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  41. Jon Dorling (1978). On Explanations in Physics: Sketch of an Alternative to Hempel's Account of the Explanation of Laws. Philosophy of Science 45 (1):136-140.score: 414.0
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  42. Edgar Zilsel (1941). Physics and the Problem of Historico-Sociological Laws. Philosophy of Science 8 (4):567-579.score: 414.0
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  43. Laurence Devillairs (2001). Leibnizian Mathematics and Physics-(2e Partie) Divine Immutability as the Foundation of Nature Laws in Descartes and the Arguments Involved in Leibnizs Criticism. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (3):303-324.score: 405.0
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  44. Karen R. Zwier (2012). The Status of Laws of Nature in the Philosophy of Leibniz. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 85:149-160.score: 390.0
    Is it possible to take the enterprise of physics seriously while also holding the belief that the world contains an order beyond the reach of that physics? Is it possible to simultaneously believe in objective laws of nature and in miracles? Is it possible to search for the truths of physics while also acknowledging the limitations of that search as it is carried out by limited human knowers? As a philosopher, as a Christian, and as a (...)
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  45. Helen Steward (2008). Moral Responsibility and the Irrelevance of Physics: Fischer's Semi-Compatibilism Vs. Anti-Fundamentalism. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 12 (2):129 - 145.score: 381.0
    The paper argues that it is possible for an incompatibilist to accept John Martin Fischer’s plausible insistence that the question whether we are morally responsible agents ought not to depend on whether the laws of physics turn out to be deterministic or merely probabilistic. The incompatibilist should do so by rejecting the fundamentalism which entails that the question whether determinism is true is a question merely about the nature of the basic physical laws. It is argued that (...)
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  46. Chunghyoung Lee (2011). Infinity and Newton's Three Laws of Motion. Foundations of Physics 41 (12):1810-1828.score: 378.0
    It is shown that the following three common understandings of Newton’s laws of motion do not hold for systems of infinitely many components. First, Newton’s third law, or the law of action and reaction, is universally believed to imply that the total sum of internal forces in a system is always zero. Several examples are presented to show that this belief fails to hold for infinite systems. Second, two of these examples are of an infinitely divisible continuous body with (...)
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  47. E. Schmutzer (1971). Symmetries in the Physical Laws of Nature. Scientia 106:66-76.score: 372.0
    According to the great discovery by e. noether in 1918 there exists an intrinsic connection between the mathematical symmetries of the laws of nature and the conservation laws. the two kinds of symmetries, namely the continuous and the discrete ones, are discussed. the physical background of these symmetries is illustrated. finally, we sketch some topical conservation problems in elementary particle physics.
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  48. David Deutsch (1986). On Wheeler's Notion of “Law Without Law” in Physics. Foundations of Physics 16 (6):565-572.score: 358.0
    Wheeler's idea that physical “laws” would not appear in a truly fundamental description of nature is critically examined.
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  49. Mauro Dorato & Michael Esfeld (forthcoming). The Metaphysics of Laws: Dispositionalism Vs. Primitivism. In T. Bigaj & C. Wutrich (eds.), Metaphysics and Science (tentative title). Poznan Studies.score: 351.0
    The paper compares dispositionalism about laws of nature with primitivism. It argues that while the distinction between these two positions can be drawn in a clear-cut manner in classical mechanics, it is less clear in quantum mechanics, due to quantum non-locality. Nonetheless, the paper points out advantages for dispositionalism in comparison to primitivism also in the area of quantum mechanics, and of contemporary physics in general.
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  50. Olaf Diettrich (2001). A Physical Approach to the Construction of Cognition and to Cognitive Evolution. Foundations of Science 6 (4):273-341.score: 348.0
    It is shown that the method of operationaldefinition of theoretical terms applied inphysics may well support constructivist ideasin cognitive sciences when extended toobservational terms. This leads to unexpectedresults for the notion of reality, inductionand for the problem why mathematics is sosuccessful in physics.A theory of cognitive operators is proposedwhich are implemented somewhere in our brainand which transform certain states of oursensory apparatus into what we call perceptionsin the same sense as measurement devicestransform the interaction with the object intomeasurement results. (...)
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