Search results for 'localization' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. William Bechtel & Robert C. Richardson (1993). Discovering Complexity Decomposition and Localization as Strategies in Scientific Research. Princeton.
     
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  2. Marcus Hutter (2010). Observer Localization in Multiverse Theories. In Harald Fritzsch & K. K. Phua (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday. World Scientific
    The progression of theories suggested for our world, from ego- to geo- to helio-centric models to universe and multiverse theories and beyond, shows one tendency: The size of the described worlds increases, with humans being expelled from their center to ever more remote and random locations. If pushed too far, a potential theory of everything (TOE) is actually more a theories of nothing (TON). Indeed such theories have already been developed. I show that including observer localization into such theories (...)
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  3. Jennifer Mundale (2002). Concepts of Localization: Balkanization in the Brain. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):313-30.
    A spate of recent anti-localizationist publications have re-ignited the old debate about the localization of function. Many of the recent attacks on localization, however, are directed at what I will argue to be a narrow and outmoded view of localization, and thus have little conceptual or empirical impact. What I hope to present here is an analysis of functional localization that more adequately reflects the sophistication and complexity of its use in neuroscientific research, both historically and (...)
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  4.  54
    Bert Schroer (2010). Localization and the Interface Between Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Gravity I. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 41 (2):104-127.
    It is shown that there are significant conceptual differences between QM and QFT which make it difficult to view the latter as just a relativistic extension of the principles of QM. At the root of this is a fundamental distiction between Born-localization in QM (which in the relativistic context changes its name to Newton–Wigner localization) and modular localization which is the localization underlying QFT, after one separates it from its standard presentation in terms of field coordinates. (...)
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  5.  14
    Bert Schroer (2013). Modular Localization and the Foundational Origin of Integrability. Foundations of Physics 43 (3):329-372.
    The main aim of this work is to relate integrability in QFT with a complete particle interpretation directly to the principle of causal localization, circumventing the standard method of finding sufficiently many conservation laws. Its precise conceptual-mathematical formulation as “modular localization” within the setting of local operator algebras also suggests novel ways of looking at general (non-integrable) QFTs which are not based on quantizing classical field theories.Conformal QFT, which is known to admit no particle interpretation, suggest the presence (...)
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  6.  10
    Rudolf Haag (2013). On the Sharpness of Localization of Individual Events in Space and Time. Foundations of Physics 43 (11):1295-1313.
    The concept of event provides the essential bridge from the realm of virtuality of the quantum state to real phenomena in space and time. We ask how much we can gather from existing theory about the localization of an event and point out that decoherence and coarse graining—though important—do not suffice for a consistent interpretation without the additional principle of random realization.
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  7.  46
    Bert Schroer (2010). Localization and the Interface Between Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Gravity II. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 41 (4):293-308.
    The main topics of this second part of a two-part essay are some consequences of the phenomenon of vacuum polarization as the most important physical manifestation of modular localization. Besides philosophically unexpected consequences, it has led to a new constructive “outside-inwards approach” in which the pointlike fields and the compactly localized operator algebras which they generate only appear from intersecting much simpler algebras localized in noncompact wedge regions whose generators have extremely mild almost free field behavior. -/- Another consequence (...)
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  8.  72
    Anthony Landreth & Robert C. Richardson (2004). Localization and the New Phrenology: A Review Essay on William Uttal's the New Phrenology. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):107-123.
    William Uttal's The new phrenology is a broad attack on localization in cognitive neuroscience. He argues that even though the brain is a highly differentiated organ, "high level cognitive functions" should not be localized in specific brain regions. First, he argues that psychological processes are not well-defined. Second, he criticizes the methods used to localize psychological processes, including imaging technology: he argues that variation among individuals compromises localization, and that the statistical methods used to construct activation maps are (...)
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  9.  5
    Oreste Nicrosini & Alberto Rimini (2003). Relativistic Spontaneous Localization: A Proposal. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 33 (7):1061-1084.
    A new proposal for a Lorentz-invariant spontaneous localization process in the framework of relativistic quantum field theory is presented. As in all dynamical reduction models, a stochastic process is introduced, which drives the state vector towards the eigenspaces of a set of operators representing suitably chosen physical quantities. Such operators constitute a Lorentz scalar field and are built as time averages and space integrals of a local field-theoretic operator in such a way that the quantities they represent acquire a (...)
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  10.  32
    Steven Horst (2005). Modeling, Localization and the Explanation of Phenomenal Properties: Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences at the Beginning of the Millennium. Synthese 147 (3):477-513.
    Case studies in the psychophysics, modeling and localization of human vision are presented as an example of.
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  11.  4
    G. F. Melloy (2002). The Generalized Representation of Particle Localization in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 32 (4):503-530.
    It has been shown earlier that while strict localization of the free Dirac particle is not describable within the usual mathematical formalism, it is possible to describe sequences of positive-energy states whose spread Δ x =〈(x−x 0)2〉 about any given point x 0 approaches zero, where x is Dirac's position operator. The concept of a generalized function is extended here to allow for the succinct description of localized states in terms of “Asymptotic Localizing Functions.” Localization of both the (...)
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  12. Charles Rathkopf (2013). Localization and Intrinsic Function. Philosophy of Science 80 (1):1-21.
    This paper describes one style of functional analysis commonly used in the neurosciences called task-bound functional analysis. The concept of function invoked by this style of analysis is distinctive in virtue of the dependence relations it bears to transient environmental properties. It is argued that task-bound functional analysis cannot explain the presence of structural properties in nervous systems. An alternative concept of neural function is introduced that draws on the theoretical neuroscience literature, and an argument is given to show that (...)
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  13. Semir Zeki (2001). Localization and Globalization in Conscious Vision. Annual Review of Neuroscience 24:57-86.
  14.  2
    Ashton Graybiel & J. I. Niven (1951). The Effect of a Change in Direction of Resultant Force on Sound Localization: The Audiogravic Illusion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (4):227.
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  15.  19
    D. E. Broadbent (1954). The Role of Auditory Localization in Attention and Memory Span. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (3):191.
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  16.  10
    H. A. Witkin, S. Wapner & T. Leventhal (1952). Sound Localization with Conflicting Visual and Auditory Cues. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (1):58.
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  17. Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart (2005). Localization in the Brain and Other Illusions. In Andrew Brook (ed.), Cognition and the Brain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
     
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  18.  9
    Philipp Cimiano, Elena Montiel-Ponsoda, Paul Buitelaar, Mauricio Espinoza & Asunción Gómez-Pérez (2010). A Note on Ontology Localization. Applied Ontology 5 (2):127-137.
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  19.  6
    G. J. Thomas (1941). Experimental Study of the Influence of Vision on Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (2):163.
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  20.  5
    L. D. Goodfellow (1933). An Empirical Comparison of the Various Techniques Used in the Study of the Localization of Sound. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (4):598.
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  21.  5
    P. T. Young (1931). The Rôle of Head Movements in Auditory Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (2):95.
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  22.  5
    H. Wallach (1940). The Role of Head Movements and Vestibular and Visual Cues in Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (4):339.
  23. Heinz Schärli, P. Brugger, M. Regard, C. Mohr & Th Landis (2003). Localisation of "Unseen" Visual Stimuli: Blindsight in Normal Observers? Swiss Journal of Psychology - Schweizerische Zeitschrift Für Psychologie - Revue Suisse de Psychologie 62 (3):159-165.
     
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  24.  4
    Earl F. Miller & Ashton Graybiel (1966). Magnitude of Gravitoinertial Force, an Independent Variable in Egocentric Visual Localization of the Horizontal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (3):452.
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  25.  1
    W. E. Simpson (1973). Latencies in Intermodal Spatial Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):148-150.
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  26.  2
    George A. Gescheider (1965). Cutaneous Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (6):617.
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  27.  2
    Frank J. Tolkmitt (1974). Latency of Sound Localization as a Function of Azimuth and Frequency. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (2):310.
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  28.  2
    N. L. Munn (1937). Tactual Localization Without Overt Localizing Movements and its Relation to the Concept of Local Signs as Orientation Tendencies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (6):581.
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  29.  2
    J. P. Joore (2007). Improving Independence of Elderly People by Introducing Smart Products: The Guide Me Localization Case. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 20 (1):59-69.
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  30.  2
    F. L. Dimmick & E. Gaylord (1934). The Dependence of Auditory Localization Upon Pitch. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (4):593.
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  31.  1
    U. B. Grannis & W. W. Walker (1936). The Effect on Tactual Localization of Movement During Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (4):417.
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  32.  1
    W. S. Hulin (1935). The Effect of Tactual Localization of Movement During Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (1):97.
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  33.  1
    C. F. Willey, E. Inglis & C. H. Pearce (1937). Reversal of Auditory Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):114.
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  34.  1
    P. T. Young (1928). Auditory Localization with Acoustical Transposition of the Ears. Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (6):399.
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  35.  1
    D. P. Boder & I. L. Goldman (1942). The Significance of Audible Onset as a Cue for Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (3):262.
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  36. M. A. Epstein & C. T. Morgan (1943). Cortical Localization of Symbolic Processes in the Rat: III. Impairment of Anticipatory Functions in Prefrontal Lobectomy in Rats. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (6):453.
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  37. Shepherd Ivory Franz (1916). The Constant Error of Touch Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 1 (2):83.
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  38. H. W. Leibowitz, Nancy A. Myers & D. A. Grant (1955). Frequency of Seeing and Radial Localization of Single and Multiple Visual Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (6):369.
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  39. C. H. Pearce (1937). Response in the Median Plane Localization of Sound. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):101.
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  40. David R. Perrott & James L. Fobes (1971). Autokinesis as a Binaural Localization Phenomenon: Effects of Signal Bandwidth. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):172.
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  41. W. L. Sharp (1934). An Experimental Study Concerning Visual Localization in the Horizontal Plane. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (6):787.
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  42.  3
    Michael Silberstein & Tony Chemero, Constraints on Localization and Decomposition as Explanatory Strategies in the Biological Sciences.
    Several articles have recently appeared arguing that there really are no viable alternatives to mechanistic explanation in the biological sciences. This claim is meant to hold both in principle and in practice. The basic claim is that any explanation of a particular feature of a biological system, including dynamical explanations, must ultimately be grounded in mechanistic explanation. There are several variations on this theme, some stronger and some weaker. In order to avoid equivocation and miscommunication, in section 1 we will (...)
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  43.  35
    Michael Silberstein & Anthony Chemero (2013). Constraints on Localization and Decomposition as Explanatory Strategies in the Biological Sciences. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):958-970.
    Several articles have recently appeared arguing that there really are no viable alternatives to mechanistic explanation in the biological sciences (Kaplan and Bechtel; Kaplan and Craver). We argue that mechanistic explanation is defined by localization and decomposition. We argue further that systems neuroscience contains explanations that violate both localization and decomposition. We conclude that the mechanistic model of explanation needs to either stretch to now include explanations wherein localization or decomposition fail or acknowledge that there are counterexamples (...)
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  44.  61
    J. Brian Pitts, Gauge-Invariant Localization of Infinitely Many Gravitational Energies From All Possible Auxiliary Structures.
    The problem of finding a covariant expression for the distribution and conservation of gravitational energy-momentum dates to the 1910s. A suitably covariant infinite-component localization is displayed, reflecting Bergmann's realization that there are infinitely many gravitational energy-momenta. Initially use is made of a flat background metric (or rather, all of them) or connection, because the desired gauge invariance properties are obvious. Partial gauge-fixing then yields an appropriate covariant quantity without any background metric or connection; one version is the collection of (...)
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  45.  75
    Hans Halvorson (2001). Reeh-Schlieder Defeats Newton-Wigner: On Alternative Localization Schemes in Relativistic Quantum Field Theory. Philosophy of Science 68 (1):111-133.
    Many of the "counterintuitive" features of relativistic quantum field theory have their formal root in the Reeh-Schlieder theorem, which in particular entails that local operations applied to the vacuum state can produce any state of the entire field. It is of great interest then that I.E. Segal and, more recently, G. Fleming (in a paper entitled "Reeh-Schlieder meets Newton-Wigner") have proposed an alternative "Newton-Wigner" localization scheme that avoids the Reeh-Schlieder theorem. In this paper, I reconstruct the Newton-Wigner localization (...)
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  46.  66
    J. E. M. Ingall (1996). The Newton-Wigner and Wightman Localization of the Photon. Foundations of Physics 26 (8):1003-1031.
    A quantum theory of the photon is developed in a natural manner. Newton-Wigner and Wightman demonstrated that the photon could not be strictly localized according to natural criteria. These investigations involved the identification of an elementary system with a uirrep of the Poincare group. We identify a particle with the localized measurement of the states satisfying the uirrep. In the case of zero mass and unit spin, the photon is identified with those components of the state that can be localized. (...)
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  47.  49
    M. Pettersson (2011). Seeing What Is Not There: Pictorial Experience, Imagination and Non-Localization. British Journal of Aesthetics 51 (3):279-294.
    Pictures let us see what is not there. Or rather, since what pictures depict is not really there, we do not really see the things they are pictures of. Ever since Richard Wollheim introduced the notion of seeing-in into philosophical aesthetics, as part of his theory of depiction, there has been a lively debate about how, precisely, to understand this experience. However, one (alleged) feature of seeing-in that Wollheim pointed to has been almost completely absent in the subsequent discussion, namely (...)
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  48.  4
    Gordon N. Fleming (1988). Lorentz Invariant State Reduction, and Localization. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:112-126.
    In this paper I will present conceptions of state reduction and particle and/or system localization which render these subjects fully compatible with the general requirements of a relativistic, i.e. Lorentz invariant, quantum theory. The approach consists of a systematic generalization of the concepts of initial data assignment at definite times, initiation and completion of measurements at definite times, and dynamical evolution as time dependence, to the concepts of initial data assignment on arbitrary space-like hyperplanes, initiation and completion of measurements (...)
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  49.  96
    Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (1996). The Structure of Spatial Localization. Philosophical Studies 82 (2):205 - 239.
    What are the relationships between an entity and the space at which it is located? And between a region of space and the events that take place there? What is the metaphysical structure of localization? What its modal status? This paper addresses some of these questions in an attempt to work out at least the main coordinates of the logical structure of localization. Our task is mostly taxonomic. But we also highlight some of the underlying structural features and (...)
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  50.  26
    A. Jadczyk (1995). On Quantum Jumps, Events, and Spontaneous Localization Models. Foundations of Physics 25 (5):743-762.
    We propose a precise meaning to the concepts of “experiment,” “measurement,” and “event” in the event-enhanced formalism of quantum theory. A minimal piecewise deterministic process is given that can be used for a computer simulation of real time series of experiments on single quantum objects. As an example a generalized cloud chamber is described, including the multiparticle case. Relation to the GRW spontaneous localization model is discussed.
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