Search results for 'localization' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Marcus Hutter (2010). Observer Localization in Multiverse Theories. In Harald Fritzsch & K. K. Phua (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday. World Scientific.score: 18.0
    The progression of theories suggested for our world, from ego- to geo- to helio-centric models to universe and multiverse theories and beyond, shows one tendency: The size of the described worlds increases, with humans being expelled from their center to ever more remote and random locations. If pushed too far, a potential theory of everything (TOE) is actually more a theories of nothing (TON). Indeed such theories have already been developed. I show that including observer localization into such theories (...)
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  2. Anthony Landreth & Robert C. Richardson (2004). Localization and the New Phrenology: A Review Essay on William Uttal's the New Phrenology. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):107-123.score: 18.0
    William Uttal's The new phrenology is a broad attack on localization in cognitive neuroscience. He argues that even though the brain is a highly differentiated organ, "high level cognitive functions" should not be localized in specific brain regions. First, he argues that psychological processes are not well-defined. Second, he criticizes the methods used to localize psychological processes, including imaging technology: he argues that variation among individuals compromises localization, and that the statistical methods used to construct activation maps are (...)
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  3. Jennifer Mundale (2002). Concepts of Localization: Balkanization in the Brain. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):313-30.score: 18.0
    A spate of recent anti-localizationist publications have re-ignited the old debate about the localization of function. Many of the recent attacks on localization, however, are directed at what I will argue to be a narrow and outmoded view of localization, and thus have little conceptual or empirical impact. What I hope to present here is an analysis of functional localization that more adequately reflects the sophistication and complexity of its use in neuroscientific research, both historically and (...)
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  4. Bert Schroer (2010). Localization and the Interface Between Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Gravity I. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 41 (2):104-127.score: 18.0
    It is shown that there are significant conceptual differences between QM and QFT which make it difficult to view the latter as just a relativistic extension of the principles of QM. At the root of this is a fundamental distiction between Born-localization in QM (which in the relativistic context changes its name to Newton–Wigner localization) and modular localization which is the localization underlying QFT, after one separates it from its standard presentation in terms of field coordinates. (...)
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  5. Bert Schroer (2010). Localization and the Interface Between Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Gravity II. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 41 (4):293-308.score: 18.0
    The main topics of this second part of a two-part essay are some consequences of the phenomenon of vacuum polarization as the most important physical manifestation of modular localization. Besides philosophically unexpected consequences, it has led to a new constructive “outside-inwards approach” in which the pointlike fields and the compactly localized operator algebras which they generate only appear from intersecting much simpler algebras localized in noncompact wedge regions whose generators have extremely mild almost free field behavior. -/- Another consequence (...)
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  6. Steven Horst (2005). Modeling, Localization and the Explanation of Phenomenal Properties: Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences at the Beginning of the Millennium. Synthese 147 (3):477-513.score: 18.0
    Case studies in the psychophysics, modeling and localization of human vision are presented as an example of.
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  7. Bert Schroer (2013). Modular Localization and the Foundational Origin of Integrability. Foundations of Physics 43 (3):329-372.score: 18.0
    The main aim of this work is to relate integrability in QFT with a complete particle interpretation directly to the principle of causal localization, circumventing the standard method of finding sufficiently many conservation laws. Its precise conceptual-mathematical formulation as “modular localization” within the setting of local operator algebras also suggests novel ways of looking at general (non-integrable) QFTs which are not based on quantizing classical field theories.Conformal QFT, which is known to admit no particle interpretation, suggest the presence (...)
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  8. Rudolf Haag (2013). On the Sharpness of Localization of Individual Events in Space and Time. Foundations of Physics 43 (11):1295-1313.score: 18.0
    The concept of event provides the essential bridge from the realm of virtuality of the quantum state to real phenomena in space and time. We ask how much we can gather from existing theory about the localization of an event and point out that decoherence and coarse graining—though important—do not suffice for a consistent interpretation without the additional principle of random realization.
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  9. G. F. Melloy (2002). The Generalized Representation of Particle Localization in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 32 (4):503-530.score: 18.0
    It has been shown earlier that while strict localization of the free Dirac particle is not describable within the usual mathematical formalism, it is possible to describe sequences of positive-energy states whose spread Δ x =〈(x−x 0)2〉 about any given point x 0 approaches zero, where x is Dirac's position operator. The concept of a generalized function is extended here to allow for the succinct description of localized states in terms of “Asymptotic Localizing Functions.” Localization of both the (...)
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  10. Vanessa Tabry, Robert J. Zatorre & Patrice Voss (2013). The Influence of Vision on Sound Localization Abilities in Both the Horizontal and Vertical Planes. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    Numerous recent reports have suggested that individuals deprived of vision are able to develop heightened auditory spatial abilities. However, most such studies have compared the blind to blindfolded sighted individuals, a procedure that might introduce a strong performance bias. Indeed, while blind individuals have had their whole lives to adapt to this condition, sighted individuals might be put at a severe disadvantage when having to localize sounds without visual input. To address this unknown, we compared the sound localization ability (...)
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  11. Jeremy Gaston Jason Sherwin (2013). Soldiers and Marksmen Under Fire: Monitoring Performance with Neural Correlates of Small Arms Fire Localization. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    Important decisions in the heat of battle occur rapidly and a key aptitude of a good combat soldier is the ability to determine whether he is under fire. This rapid decision requires the soldier to make a judgment in a fraction of a second, based on a barrage of multisensory cues coming from the auditory, tactile and visual domains. The present study uses an auditory oddball paradigm to examine listener ability to differentiate shooter locations from audio recordings of small arms (...)
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  12. Oreste Nicrosini & Alberto Rimini (2003). Relativistic Spontaneous Localization: A Proposal. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 33 (7):1061-1084.score: 18.0
    A new proposal for a Lorentz-invariant spontaneous localization process in the framework of relativistic quantum field theory is presented. As in all dynamical reduction models, a stochastic process is introduced, which drives the state vector towards the eigenspaces of a set of operators representing suitably chosen physical quantities. Such operators constitute a Lorentz scalar field and are built as time averages and space integrals of a local field-theoretic operator in such a way that the quantities they represent acquire a (...)
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  13. Cristina Becchio Tiziano Furlanetto, Cesare Bertone (2013). The Bilocated Mind: New Perspectives on Self-Localization and Self-Identification. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    Does the human mind allow for self-locating at more than one place at a time? Evidence from neurology, cognitive neuroscience, and experimental psychology suggests that mental bilocation is a complex, but genuine experience, occurring more frequently than commonly thought. In this article, we distinguish between different components of bilocated self-representation: self-localization in two different places at the same time, self-identification with another body, reduplication of first-person perspective. We argue that different forms of mental bilocation may result from the combination (...)
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  14. Charles Rathkopf (2013). Localization and Intrinsic Function. Philosophy of Science 80 (1):1-21.score: 15.0
    This paper describes one style of functional analysis commonly used in the neurosciences called task-bound functional analysis. The concept of function invoked by this style of analysis is distinctive in virtue of the dependence relations it bears to transient environmental properties. It is argued that task-bound functional analysis cannot explain the presence of structural properties in nervous systems. An alternative concept of neural function is introduced that draws on the theoretical neuroscience literature, and an argument is given to show that (...)
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  15. Philipp Cimiano, Elena Montiel-Ponsoda, Paul Buitelaar, Mauricio Espinoza & Asunción Gómez-Pérez (2010). A Note on Ontology Localization. Applied Ontology 5 (2):127-137.score: 15.0
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  16. L. D. Goodfellow (1933). An Empirical Comparison of the Various Techniques Used in the Study of the Localization of Sound. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (4):598.score: 15.0
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  17. Earl F. Miller & Ashton Graybiel (1966). Magnitude of Gravitoinertial Force, an Independent Variable in Egocentric Visual Localization of the Horizontal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (3):452.score: 15.0
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  18. D. E. Broadbent (1954). The Role of Auditory Localization in Attention and Memory Span. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (3):191.score: 15.0
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  19. D. P. Boder & I. L. Goldman (1942). The Significance of Audible Onset as a Cue for Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (3):262.score: 15.0
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  20. F. L. Dimmick & E. Gaylord (1934). The Dependence of Auditory Localization Upon Pitch. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (4):593.score: 15.0
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  21. U. B. Grannis & W. W. Walker (1936). The Effect on Tactual Localization of Movement During Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (4):417.score: 15.0
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  22. Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart (2005). Localization in the Brain and Other Illusions. In Andrew Brook (ed.), Cognition and the Brain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
     
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  23. W. S. Hulin (1935). The Effect of Tactual Localization of Movement During Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (1):97.score: 15.0
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  24. J. P. Joore (2007). Improving Independence of Elderly People by Introducing Smart Products: The Guide Me Localization Case. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 20 (1):59-69.score: 15.0
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  25. H. Wallach (1940). The Role of Head Movements and Vestibular and Visual Cues in Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (4):339.score: 15.0
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  26. C. F. Willey, E. Inglis & C. H. Pearce (1937). Reversal of Auditory Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):114.score: 15.0
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  27. H. A. Witkin, S. Wapner & T. Leventhal (1952). Sound Localization with Conflicting Visual and Auditory Cues. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (1):58.score: 15.0
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  28. P. T. Young (1928). Auditory Localization with Acoustical Transposition of the Ears. Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (6):399.score: 15.0
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  29. P. T. Young (1931). The Rôle of Head Movements in Auditory Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (2):95.score: 15.0
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  30. M. A. Epstein & C. T. Morgan (1943). Cortical Localization of Symbolic Processes in the Rat: III. Impairment of Anticipatory Functions in Prefrontal Lobectomy in Rats. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (6):453.score: 15.0
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  31. Shepherd Ivory Franz (1916). The Constant Error of Touch Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 1 (2):83.score: 15.0
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  32. George A. Gescheider (1965). Cutaneous Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (6):617.score: 15.0
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  33. Ashton Graybiel & J. I. Niven (1951). The Effect of a Change in Direction of Resultant Force on Sound Localization: The Audiogravic Illusion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (4):227.score: 15.0
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  34. H. W. Leibowitz, Nancy A. Myers & D. A. Grant (1955). Frequency of Seeing and Radial Localization of Single and Multiple Visual Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (6):369.score: 15.0
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  35. N. L. Munn (1937). Tactual Localization Without Overt Localizing Movements and its Relation to the Concept of Local Signs as Orientation Tendencies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (6):581.score: 15.0
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  36. C. H. Pearce (1937). Response in the Median Plane Localization of Sound. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):101.score: 15.0
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  37. David R. Perrott & James L. Fobes (1971). Autokinesis as a Binaural Localization Phenomenon: Effects of Signal Bandwidth. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):172.score: 15.0
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  38. W. L. Sharp (1934). An Experimental Study Concerning Visual Localization in the Horizontal Plane. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (6):787.score: 15.0
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  39. W. E. Simpson (1973). Latencies in Intermodal Spatial Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):148-150.score: 15.0
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  40. G. J. Thomas (1941). Experimental Study of the Influence of Vision on Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (2):163.score: 15.0
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  41. Frank J. Tolkmitt (1974). Latency of Sound Localization as a Function of Azimuth and Frequency. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (2):310.score: 15.0
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  42. Semir Zeki (2001). Localization and Globalization in Conscious Vision. Annual Review of Neuroscience 24:57-86.score: 15.0
  43. J. Brian Pitts, Gauge-Invariant Localization of Infinitely Many Gravitational Energies From All Possible Auxiliary Structures.score: 12.0
    The problem of finding a covariant expression for the distribution and conservation of gravitational energy-momentum dates to the 1910s. A suitably covariant infinite-component localization is displayed, reflecting Bergmann's realization that there are infinitely many gravitational energy-momenta. Initially use is made of a flat background metric (or rather, all of them) or connection, because the desired gauge invariance properties are obvious. Partial gauge-fixing then yields an appropriate covariant quantity without any background metric or connection; one version is the collection of (...)
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  44. M. Pettersson (2011). Seeing What Is Not There: Pictorial Experience, Imagination and Non-Localization. British Journal of Aesthetics 51 (3):279-294.score: 12.0
    Pictures let us see what is not there. Or rather, since what pictures depict is not really there, we do not really see the things they are pictures of. Ever since Richard Wollheim introduced the notion of seeing-in into philosophical aesthetics, as part of his theory of depiction, there has been a lively debate about how, precisely, to understand this experience. However, one (alleged) feature of seeing-in that Wollheim pointed to has been almost completely absent in the subsequent discussion, namely (...)
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  45. Hans Halvorson (2001). Reeh-Schlieder Defeats Newton-Wigner: On Alternative Localization Schemes in Relativistic Quantum Field Theory. Philosophy of Science 68 (1):111-133.score: 12.0
    Many of the "counterintuitive" features of relativistic quantum field theory have their formal root in the Reeh-Schlieder theorem, which in particular entails that local operations applied to the vacuum state can produce any state of the entire field. It is of great interest then that I.E. Segal and, more recently, G. Fleming (in a paper entitled "Reeh-Schlieder meets Newton-Wigner") have proposed an alternative "Newton-Wigner" localization scheme that avoids the Reeh-Schlieder theorem. In this paper, I reconstruct the Newton-Wigner localization (...)
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  46. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (1996). The Structure of Spatial Localization. Philosophical Studies 82 (2):205 - 239.score: 12.0
    Material objects, such as tables and chairs, have an intimate relationship with space. They have to be somewhere. They must possess an address at which they are found. Under this aspect, they are in good company. Events, too, such as Caesar’s death and John’s buttering of the toast, and more elusive entities, such as the surface of the table, have an address, difficult as it may be to specify. A stronger notion presents itself, though. Some entities may not only be (...)
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  47. Achille Varzi (1996). The Structure of Spatial Localization. Philosophical Studies 82 (2):205 - 239.score: 12.0
    What are the relationships between an entity and the space at which it is located? And between a region of space and the events that take place there? What is the metaphysical structure of localization? What its modal status? This paper addresses some of these questions in an attempt to work out at least the main coordinates of the logical structure of localization. Our task is mostly taxonomic. But we also highlight some of the underlying structural features and (...)
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  48. A. Jadczyk (1995). On Quantum Jumps, Events, and Spontaneous Localization Models. Foundations of Physics 25 (5):743-762.score: 12.0
    We propose a precise meaning to the concepts of “experiment,” “measurement,” and “event” in the event-enhanced formalism of quantum theory. A minimal piecewise deterministic process is given that can be used for a computer simulation of real time series of experiments on single quantum objects. As an example a generalized cloud chamber is described, including the multiparticle case. Relation to the GRW spontaneous localization model is discussed.
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  49. J. E. M. Ingall (1996). The Newton-Wigner and Wightman Localization of the Photon. Foundations of Physics 26 (8):1003-1031.score: 12.0
    A quantum theory of the photon is developed in a natural manner. Newton-Wigner and Wightman demonstrated that the photon could not be strictly localized according to natural criteria. These investigations involved the identification of an elementary system with a uirrep of the Poincare group. We identify a particle with the localized measurement of the states satisfying the uirrep. In the case of zero mass and unit spin, the photon is identified with those components of the state that can be localized. (...)
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  50. Andrzej Rosłanowski (2006). N-Localization Property. Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):881 - 902.score: 12.0
    This paper is concerned with n-localization property introduced by Newelski and Rosłanowski in [10] and getting it for CS iterations of forcing notions.
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