Search results for 'mechanical arts' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  5
    Barry Kātz (1993). Paradise Restored: The Mechanical Arts From Antiquity Through the Thirteenth Century. Journal of the History of Philosophy 31 (1):131-133.
  2.  2
    Rexmond C. Cochrane (1956). Francis Bacon and the Rise of the Mechanical Arts in Eighteenth-Century England. Annals of Science 12 (2):137-156.
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  3. Bradford B. Blaine (1992). Paradise Restored: The Mechanical Arts From Antiquity Through the Thirteenth Century.Elspeth Whitney. Speculum 67 (2):505-507.
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  4. Bert Hall (1992). Paradise Restored: The Mechanical Arts From Antiquity Through the Thirteenth CenturyElspeth Whitney. Isis 83 (2):312-313.
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  5. Donald R. Hill (1991). Elspeth Whitney. Paradise Restored: The Mechanical Arts From Antiquity Through the Thirteenth Century. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 80, Part 1. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society, 1990. Pp. Vi + 169. ISBN 0-87169-801-3. $20.00. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 24 (1):101.
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  6. Donald Hill (1991). Paradise Restored: The Mechanical Arts From Antiquity Through the Thirteenth Century. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 24 (1):101-102.
  7.  8
    Paolo Quintili (2014). Metafore del meccanico nel pensiero di Diderot. Arti e tecniche. Aisthesis. Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 7 (2):93-107.
    The natural philosophy of Diderot is built from the experience of the fundamental Description des Arts in the Encyclopedia, or from the «great and beautiful collection of machines» which the work provides a very rich representation. Models and metaphors that Diderot constructs to describe the world of organic beings, from the Pensées sur l'Interpretation de la nature , are inspired by the world of the mechanical arts and crafts. The manouvriers d’expériences, the experimental philosophers, are the great (...)
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  8.  15
    Cesare Pastorino (2009). The Mine and the Furnace: Francis Bacon, Thomas Russell, and Early Stuart Mining Culture. Early Science and Medicine 14 (6):630-660.
    "Notwithstanding Francis Bacon’s praise for the philosophical role of the mechanical arts, historians have often downplayed Bacon’s connections with actual artisans and entrepreneurs. Addressing the specific context of mining culture, this study proposes a rather different picture. The analysis of a famous mining metaphor in _The Advancement of Learning_ shows us how Bacon’s project of reform of knowledge could find an apt correspondence in civic and entrepreneurial values of his time. Also, Bacon had interesting and so far unexplored (...)
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  9.  8
    Charles Vincent (1992). Southern University's Agriculture and Mechanical Departments: Descriptive Analysis of the New Orleans Years, 1880–1913. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 9 (1):3-10.
    This is an analysis of the shift in educational emphasis at the first state supported Black institution of higher education in Louisiana during its first three decades. The national emphasis on Agricultural and Mechanical training with the expanded Morrill Act of 1890 was embraced by the University. Thus it qualified and received the Land Grant funding and developed a progressive, well-attended program in Agriculture and Mechanical Arts. This article closely reviews and describes its inner workings, facilities, curriculum, (...)
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  10.  5
    Thierry Gontier (2006). Mathématiques et science universelle chez Bacon et chez Descartes. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 2 (2):285-312.
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  11.  20
    Steven Marrone (2009). Magic and the Physical World in Thirteenth-Century Scholasticism. Early Science and Medicine 14 (1):158-185.
    The turn to modern science in the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century is typically characterized as dependent on the novel adoption of a mechanical hypothesis for operations in nature. In fact, the Middle Ages saw a partial anticipation of this phenomenon in the scholastic physics of the thirteenth century. More precisely, it was just the two factors, denial of action at a distance and an emphasis on the primary materiality of causation, that constituted this early mechanism—or "protomechanism." The (...)
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  12.  2
    Linne R. Mooney (1993). A Middle English Text on the Seven Liberal Arts. Speculum 68 (4):1027-1052.
    A unique Middle English text on the seven liberal arts survives in Cambridge, Trinity College, MS R. 14.52, a manuscript of ca. 1458–85. Latin texts on the seven liberal arts were certainly in circulation in medieval England, but this text is, to my knowledge, the earliest one written in English. It thereby offers evidence of the vernacular English reader's knowledge of the arts that were the foundation of medieval university education. This text is also unique in that (...)
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  13.  10
    Milan Jaros (2005). Materia Poetica: Models of Corporeality and Onto-Poetic Pata-Physics of the Post-Mechanical Age. Technoetic Arts 3 (1):3-12.
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  14. Grażyna Gajewska (2008). Man as an Electro-Mechanical Art Project. Art Inquiry. Recherches Sur les Arts 10:85-96.
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  15. Edward Tenner (2003). Our Own Devices: The Past and Future of Body Technology. Alfred A. Knopf.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface ix -- Chapter One: Technology, Technique, and the Body 3 --Chapter Two: The First Technology: Bottle-Feeding 30 --Chapter Three: Slow Motion: Zori 51 --Chapter Four: Double Time: Athletic Shoes 75 --Chapter Five: Sitting Up Straight: Posture Chairs 104 --Chapter Six: Laid Back: Reclining Chairs 134 --Chapter Seven: Mechanical Arts: Musical Keyboards 161 --Chapter Eight: Letter Perfect?: Text Keyboards 187 --Chapter Nine: Second Sight: Eyeglasses 213 --Chapter Ten: Hardheaded Logic: Helmets 238 --Epilogue: Thumbs Up (...)
     
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  16.  7
    Bennett Gilbert (2014). Johannes Fontana’s Drawing for a Castellus Umbrarum, Udine or Padua, C. 1415–20. Mediaevalia 35 (1):255-277.
    A finished sketch for a light-and-shadow projection device by the Paduan mechanical artisan Johannes de Fontana (c.1395–1455), in his manuscript book of drawings now known as Liber Bellicorum Instrumentorum, depicts a machine for communicating ideas or information through spectacle. The manuscript is fairly well known, and this sketch is just one of many interesting images worthy of study in its 70 leaves. A couple dozen manuscripts of the mechanical arts from this period survive, the best-studied of which (...)
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  17.  17
    Cary J. Nederman (2008). Men at Work: Poesis, Politics and Labor in Aristotle and Some Aristotelians. Analyse & Kritik 30 (1):17-31.
    In Book 3 of his Politics, and again in Book 7, Aristotle makes explicit his disdain for the banausos as an occupation qualified for full civic life. Where modern admirers of Aristotle, such as Alasdair MacIntyre, have taken him at face value concerning this topic and thus felt a need to distance themselves from him, I claim that the grounds that Aristotle offers for the exclusion of banausoi from citizenship are not consistent with other important teachings about the nature of (...)
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  18.  9
    Lee A. Craig (1992). “Raising Among Themselves”: Black Educational Advancement and the Morrill Act of 1890. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 9 (1):31-37.
    Debate over the curricula of Black colleges and universities dates back to before the turn of the century and involved such noted Black leaders as Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois. The 1890 Land-Grant Colleges eventually established in 17 southern and border states were created to provide institutions for the teaching of the agricultural and mechanical arts to African-Americans. However, due to their being chronically underfunded and understaffed during the early decades of their existence, they focused mainly on (...)
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  19.  1
    Annette de Vries (2010). The Hand of the Artist: Reflections on the Notion of Technê in Some Antwerp Gallery Paintings by Frans II Francken and His Circle. Intellectual History Review 20 (1):79-101.
    This paper explores and highlights the value given to craftsmanship or technê in the community of liefhebbers and artists associated with the pictures of collections genre. Taking as its case study a group of gallery interiors by the probable inventor and leading light of the genre, Frans II Francken, it places pictures of collections within the reform of attitudes towards manual dexterity and the mechanical arts that took place in the Early Modern period. Antwerp gallery interiors exemplify the (...)
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  20. Antonio Marchionni (2004). As Artes Mechanicae Em Hugo E S. Bernardo. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 60 (3):661-685.
    In modern times, the philosophical and theological meaning of work acquires an urgency anticipated by the Marxistic materialism and the Christian spirituality, as witnessed by the Economic-philosophical Manuscripts of Karl Marx and the encyclical letter Laborems Exercens of John Paul II. But this preoccupation was already present in earlier times. In Greco-Roman history there were aulical preconceptions about the work of man 's hands, but there were also religious associations of workers where work was celebrated. The fact that God incarnated (...)
     
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  21.  71
    Michael R. DePaul (1993). Balance and Refinement: Beyond Coherence Methods of Moral Inquiry. Routledge.
    We all have moral beliefs. What if we are unsure about what to believe about a serious moral issue, or if one belief conflicts with another that we hold with equal conviction? When such conflicts and doubts occur, we try to make our beliefs cohere, and are forced to engage in a moral inquiry. Michael R. DePaul argues that we have to make our beliefs cohere, but that the current coherence methods are seriously flawed. Methods such as that which John (...)
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  22. Marcus P. Adams (2014). The Wax and the Mechanical Mind: Reexamining Hobbes's Objections to Descartes's Meditations. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (3):403-424.
    Many critics, Descartes himself included, have seen Hobbes as uncharitable or even incoherent in his Objections to the Meditations on First Philosophy. I argue that when understood within the wider context of his views of the late 1630s and early 1640s, Hobbes's Objections are coherent and reflect his goal of providing an epistemology consistent with a mechanical philosophy. I demonstrate the importance of this epistemology for understanding his Fourth Objection concerning the nature of the wax and contend that Hobbes's (...)
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  23.  26
    Anton Killin (2013). The Arts and Human Nature: Evolutionary Aesthetics and the Evolutionary Status of Art Behaviours. Biology and Philosophy 28 (4):703-718.
    This essay reviews one of the most recent books in a trend of new publications proffering evolutionary theorising about aesthetics and the arts—themes within an increasing literature on aspects of human life and human nature in terms of evolutionary theory. Stephen Davies’ The Artful Species links some of our aesthetic sensibilities with our evolved human nature and critically surveys the interdisciplinary debate regarding the evolutionary status of the arts. Davies’ engaging and accessible writing succeeds in demonstrating the maturity (...)
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  24.  5
    Sabine Beck, Andreas van de Loo & Stella Reiter-Theil (2008). A “Little Bit Illegal”? Withholding and Withdrawing of Mechanical Ventilation in the Eyes of German Intensive Care Physicians. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):7-16.
    Research questions and backgroundThis study explores a highly controversial issue of medical care in Germany: the decision to withhold or withdraw mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients. It analyzes difficulties in making these decisions and the physicians’ uncertainty in understanding the German terminology of Sterbehilfe, which is used in the context of treatment limitation. Used in everyday language, the word Sterbehilfe carries connotations such as helping the patient in the dying process or helping the patient to enter the dying (...)
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  25.  70
    Ronald Bogue (2003). Deleuze on Music, Painting, and the Arts. Routledge.
    Bogue provides a systematic overview and introduction to Deleuze's writings on music and painting, and an assessment of their position within his aesthetics as a whole. Deleuze on Music, Painting and the Arts breaks new ground in the scholarship on Deleuze's aesthetics, while providing a clear and accessible guide to his often overlooked writings in the fields of music and painting.
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  26. Matthew Kieran & Dominic Lopes (eds.) (2003). Imagination, Philosophy, and the Arts. Routledge.
    Imagination is a central concept in aesthetics with close ties to issues in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language, yet it has not received the kind of sustained, critical attention it deserves. Imagination, Philosophy and the Arts represents the work of fifteen young yet distinguished philosophers of art, who critically examine just how and in what form the notion of imagination illuminates fundamental problems in the philosophy of art. All new papers, a strong collection on the (...)
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  27.  49
    David Davies (2011). Philosophy of the Performing Arts. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book provides an accessible yet sophisticated introduction to the significant philosophical issues concerning the performing arts.
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  28.  25
    Lance Moir & Richard Taffler (2004). Does Corporate Philanthropy Exist?: Business Giving to the Arts in the U.K. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):149 - 161.
    This paper addresses the question of the existence of corporate philanthropy. It proposes a framework for analysing corporate philanthropy along the dimensions of business/society interest and primary/secondary stakeholder focus. The framework is then applied in order to understand business involvement with the arts in the U.K. A unique dataset of 60 texts which describe different firms' involvement with the Arts is analysed using formal content analysis to uncover the motivations for business involvement. Cluster analysis is then used in (...)
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  29.  36
    Jennifer A. Mcmahon (2012). Aesthetics and Film. By Katherine Thomson‐Jones. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 62 (249):865-867.
    Each chapter covers one topic and largely consists of brief summaries of arguments for and against various themes. The topic of the first chapter is whether and on what basis a film can be considered art. Photography is used as an analogy. The arguments range from considering the mechanical form of cinema as an obstacle to arthood to arguments considering cinema’s mechanical nature as essential to its arthood; the former by those who ground art in human agency, the (...)
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  30.  24
    Peter Kivy (1997). Philosophies of Arts: An Essay in Differences. Cambridge University Press.
    Since the beginning of the eighteenth century the philosophy of art has been engaged on the project of trying to find out what the fine arts have in common and, thus, how they might be defined. Peter Kivy's purpose in this accessible and lucid book is to trace the history of that enterprise and argue that the definitional project has been unsuccessful. He offers a fruitful change of strategy: instead of engaging in an obsessive quest for sameness, let us (...)
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  31.  18
    Darryl Reed (2004). Universities and the Promotion of Corporate Responsibility: Reinterpreting the Liberal Arts Tradition. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 2 (1):3-41.
    The issue of corporate responsibility has long been discussed in relationship to universities, but generally only in an ad hoc fashion. While the role of universities in teaching business ethics is one theme that has received significant and rather constant attention, other issues tend to be raised only sporadically. Moreover, when issues of corporate responsibility are raised, it is often done on the presumption of some understanding of a liberal arts mandate of the university, a position that has come (...)
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  32. Amit Hagar (2009). Active Fault‐Tolerant Quantum Error Correction: The Curse of the Open System. Philosophy of Science 76 (4):506-535.
    Relying on the universality of quantum mechanics and on recent results known as the “threshold theorems,” quantum information scientists deem the question of the feasibility of large‐scale, fault‐tolerant, and computationally superior quantum computers as purely technological. Reconstructing this question in statistical mechanical terms, this article suggests otherwise by questioning the physical significance of the threshold theorems. The skepticism it advances is neither too strong (hence is consistent with the universality of quantum mechanics) nor too weak (hence is independent of (...)
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  33.  26
    Jakub Ryszard Matyja (2015). Philosophy of the Performing Arts. A Book Review. [REVIEW] Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies (3):164-166.
    A book review of 'Philosophy of the Performing Arts'.
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  34.  7
    Chozan Niwa (2006). The Demon's Sermon on the Martial Arts and Other Tales. Kodansha International.
    The Demon said to the swordsman, "Fundamentally, man's mind is not without good. It is simply that from the moment he has life, he is always being brought up with perversity. Thus, having no idea that he has gotten used to being soaked in it, he harms his self-nature and falls into evil. Human desire is the root of this perversity." Woven deeply into the martial traditions and folklore of Japan, the fearsome Tengu dwell in the country's mountain forest. Mythical (...)
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  35.  29
    Barry Allen (2014). Daoism and Chinese Martial Arts. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (2):251-266.
    The now-global phenomenon of Asian martial arts traces back to something that began in China. The idea the Chinese communicated was the dual cultivation of the spiritual and the martial, each perfected in the other, with the proof of perfection being an effortless mastery of violence. I look at one phase of the interaction between Asian martial arts and Chinese thought, with a reading of the Zhuangzi 莊子 and the Daodejing 道德經 from a martial arts perspective. I (...)
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  36.  19
    John Sutton (2006). Stefano Franchi and Güven Güzeldere, Eds., Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds: Artificial Intelligence From Automata to Cyborgs Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 26 (6):414-416.
    review of Stefano Franchi and Güven Güzeldere, eds., Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds: Artificial Intelligence from Automata to Cyborgs.
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  37.  27
    Hylarie Kochiras (2013). The Mechanical Philosophy and Newton's Mechanical Force. Philosophy of Science 80 (4):557-578.
    How does Newton approach the challenge of mechanizing gravity and, more broadly, natural philosophy? By adopting the simple machine tradition’s mathematical approach to a system’s co-varying parameters of change, he retains natural philosophy’s traditional goal while specifying it in a novel way as the search for impressed forces. He accordingly understands the physical world as a divinely created machine possessing intrinsically mathematical features, and mathematical methods as capable of identifying its real features. The gravitational force’s physical cause remains an outstanding (...)
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  38.  19
    Lillian Schwartz (1994). Leonardo and “Pixellence”™. World Futures 40 (1):147-165.
    In the search for the roots of computer art, the notes of Leonardo provide guiding principles which continue to surface in much of 20th century art. The essay is written in Leonardo's voice to combine excerpts from his early writings with the author's extrapolations from his teachings. This text purports that the heritage of computer art is linked to Renaissance precepts, and descended from the Mechanical age, Visual arts, and Animation. This exploration positions a new movement, herein called (...)
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  39. Sylvia Burrow (2014). Martial Arts and Moral Life. In Graham Priest Damon Young (ed.), Martial Arts and Philosophy: Engagement. Routledge
    A key point of feminist moral philosophy is that social and political conditions continue to work against women’s ability to flourish as moral agents. By pointing to how violence against women undermines both autonomy and integrity I uncover a significant means through which women are undermined in society. My focus is on violence against women as a pervasive, inescapable social condition that women can counter through self-defence training.
     
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  40.  28
    Caroline van Eck, James McAllister & Renée van de Vall (eds.) (1995). The Question of Style in Philosophy and the Arts. Cambridge University Press.
    The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries witnessed a change in the perception of the arts and of philosophy. In the arts this transition occurred around 1800, with, for instance, the breakdown of Vitruvianism in architecture, while in philosophy the foundationalism of which Descartes and Spinoza were paradigmatic representatives, which presumed that philosophy and the sciences possessed a method of ensuring the demonstration of truths, was undermined by the idea, asserted by Nietzsche and Wittgenstein, that there exist alternative styles of (...)
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  41.  16
    Patrick Maynard (2012). Arts, Agents, Artifacts: Photography's Automatisms. Critical Inquiry 38 (4):727-745.
    Recent advances in paleoarchaeology show why nothing in the Tate Modern, where a conference on "Agency & Automatism" took place, challenges the roots of 'the idea of the fine arts' (Kristeller) as high levels of craft, aesthetics, mimesis and mental expression, as exemplifying cultures: it is by them that we define our species. This paper identifies and deals with resistances, early and late, to photographic fine art as based on concerns about automatism reducing human agency--that is, mental expression--then offers (...)
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  42.  21
    Thomas E. Peterson (2010). Badiou, Pedagogy and the Arts. Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (2):159-176.
    The essay distils from Badiou's writing a pedagogy based on his theories of knowledge and truth, as brought to bear on poetry and the arts. By following Badiou's implicit ontology of learning, which presupposes a dynamic and passionate engagement with a concrete situation, the essay argues that Badiou's view of modernity, in particular, contributes greatly to the educational topic, and offers an alternative teaching paradigm to the outmoded schools of criticism of the 20 th century. It also argues that (...)
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  43.  5
    Terry Quinn (2012). Invitation to Functional Collaboration: Dynamics of Progress in the Sciences, Technologies, and Arts. Journal of Macrodynamic Analysis 7:94-122.
    In all disciplines there is the question of how to promote progress and offset decline. But, what are progress and decline ? For this short article, the main discussion centers on biology. A solution called functional specialization begins to emerge as relevant to all of the sciences, technologies and arts. This introductory article ends with some heuristics on various follow-up issues.
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  44.  12
    Michael J. Pratt (2005). Some Aspects of Product Shape in Mechanical Engineering. Axiomathes 15 (3):373-397.
    The paper examines some of the many factors that influence the shape of designed products in the mechanical engineering industries. It is shown that, once the detailed shape of a product has been determined, the analysis of that shape from the viewpoints of various engineering activities downstream of design leads to a range of inherently different perceptions of it.
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  45.  2
    Michela Pereira (1999). Alchemy and the Use of Vernacular Languages in the Late Middle Ages. Speculum 74 (2):336-356.
    The Renaissance of scientific thought in twelfth-century Western culture, when alchemy was introduced into the Latin schools, was largely due to the wave of translations, mainly from Arabic into Latin, but also including translations into and from Hebrew, sometimes with vernacular languages as intermediaries. Alchemy, whose tradition had been broken in the West at the end of the Hellenistic age, gained considerable attention—albeit less than astronomy/astrology and medicine—from the twelfth-century translators, who presented Latin culture with a hitherto unknown doctrine that (...)
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  46.  3
    Robert Zaller (1987). Philip Guston and the Crisis of the Image. Critical Inquiry 14 (1):69-94.
    The twentieth century began with the deconstruction of the image, as it is ending with the effort to restore it. Cubism, dada, and abstract expressionism took apart what, in their various ways, pop art, magic realism, and neoexpressionism have tried to put back together. Tonality in music and narrative in literature have undergone similar change.1 What has been at stake in each case has been the redefinition of a center, a normative or ordering principle as such. Yeats intuited this general (...)
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  47.  3
    Malcolm Oster (1992). The Scholar and the Craftsman Revisited: Robert Boyle as Aristocrat and Artisan. Annals of Science 49 (3):255-276.
    Summary The early background of Robert Boyle, a leading advocate of the mechanical philosophy at the Restoration, helps to illuminate his later understanding of both the relationship between gentleman naturalists and artisans, as well as that of theoretical abstraction and practical application in experimental philosophy and the manual arts. Boyle's agenda for ethical reconstruction emphasized practical moral knowledge and a transformation in intellectual values which, reinforced by the general outlook of the Hartlib circle, postulated the desirability of knowledge (...)
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  48. Alexander Broadie (ed.) (2004). Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric and the Fine Arts: Papers on the Culture of the Mind. Penn State University Press.
    Thomas Reid saw the three subjects of logic, rhetoric, and the fine arts as closely cohering aspects of one endeavor that he called the culture of the mind. This was a topic on which Reid lectured for many years in Glasgow, and this volume presents as near a reconstruction of these lectures as is now possible. Though virtually unknown today, this material in fact relates closely to Reid’s published works and in particular to the late _Essays on the Intellectual (...)
     
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  49. Susan L. Feagin (ed.) (2007). Global Theories of the Arts and Aesthetics. Blackwell.
    This collection of papers focuses on theories and practices in relation to the arts around the globe, in particular, those that have been ignored or marginalized by analytic or Anglo-American aesthetics and philosophy of art. The intention is to explain specific ways that the concepts of the aesthetic and of the arts might be enriched and enhanced. Indeed, in some cases the participation in artistic practices and the experience of art are deeply embedded in one’ s sense of (...)
     
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  50.  16
    Salim Kemal & Ivan Gaskell (eds.) (1993). Explanation and Value in the Arts. Cambridge University Press.
    Explanation and Value in the Arts offers penetrating studies by art historians, literary theorists, and philosophers, of issues central to explaining works of literature and painting. The first chapters look at the sources of interest in the fine arts and point to the intimate relation between aesthetic and other values. The next contributions develop the interaction between value and explanation in the study of the arts, including considerations of the nature of creativity and the principles for the (...)
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