Search results for 'mental illness' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Matthew Broome, Lisa Bortolotti & Matteo Mameli (2010). Moral Responsibility and Mental Illness: A Case Study. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (19):179-187.score: 240.0
    It is far too early to say what global impact the neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric sciences will have on our intuitions about moral responsibility. And it is far too early to say whether the notion of moral responsibility will survive this impact (and if so, in what form). But it is certainly worth starting to think about the local impact that these sciences can or should have on some of our distinctions and criteria. It might be possible to use some of (...)
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  2. Neil Pickering (2006). The Metaphor of Mental Illness. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    Introduction : the existence of mental illness -- The likeness argument -- The categorical argument -- Metaphor -- Two metaphors from physical medicine -- The metaphor of mental illness -- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, social construction, and metaphor -- Metaphors and models.
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  3. Thomas R. V. Nys & Maurits G. Nys (2006). Psychiatry Under Pressure: Reflections on Psychiatry's Drift Towards a Reductionist Biomedical Conception of Mental Illness. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):107-115.score: 240.0
    We argue that contemporary psychiatry adopts a defensive strategy vis-à-vis various external sources of pressure. We will identify two of these sources – the plea for individual autonomy and the idea of Managed Care – and explain how they have promoted a strict biomedical conception of disease. The demand for objectivity, however, does not take into account the complexity of mental illness. It ignores that the psychiatrist’s profession is essentially characterized by fragility: fluctuating between scientific reduction and the (...)
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  4. Erick Ramirez, Mental Illness, Philosophy Of. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 240.0
    Philosophy of Mental Illness The Philosophy of Mental Illness is an interdisciplinary field of study that combines views and methods from the philosophy of mind, psychology, neuroscience, and moral philosophy in order to analyze the nature of mental illness. Philosophers of mental illness are concerned with examining the ontological, epistemological, and normative issues arising from […].
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  5. Sandra J. Tanenbaum (2006). The Role of “Evidence” in Recovery From Mental Illness. Health Care Analysis 14 (4):195-201.score: 240.0
    Evidence-based practice (EBP), a derivative of evidence-based medicine (EBM), is ascendant in the United States’ mental health system; the findings of randomized controlled trials and other experimental research are widely considered authoritative in mental health practice and policy. The concept of recovery from mental illness is similarly pervasive in mental health programming and advocacy, and it emphasizes consumer expertise and self-determination. What is the relationship between these two powerful and potentially incompatible forces for mental (...)
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  6. Martin Roth (1986). The Reality of Mental Illness. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    This book is psychiatry's reply to the diverse group of antipsychiatrists, including Laing, Foucault, Goffman, Szasz and Bassaglia, that has made fashionable the view that mental illness is merely socially deviant behaviour and that psychiatrists are agents of the capitalist society seeking to repress such behaviour. It establishes, by the use of evidence from historical and transcultural studies, that mental illness has been recognised in all cultures since the beginning of history and goes on to explore (...)
     
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  7. George Graham (2010). The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness. Routledge.score: 216.0
    Conceiving mental disorder -- Disorder of mental disorder -- On being skeptical about mental disorder -- Seeking norms for mental disorder -- An original position -- Addiction and responsibility for self -- Reality lost and found -- Minding the missing me.
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  8. Soren Holm (1998). Mind, Body, and Mental Illness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):337-341.score: 210.0
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  9. Pamela Bjorklund (2004). 'There but for the Grace of God': Moral Responsibility and Mental Illness. Nursing Philosophy 5 (3):188-200.score: 210.0
  10. Dominic Murphy (2005). The Concept of Mental Illness--Where the Debate has Reached and Where It Needs to Go. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 25 (1):116-132.score: 210.0
  11. Dirk Richter (1999). Chronic Mental Illness and the Limits of the Biopsychosocial Model. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):21-30.score: 210.0
    Twenty years ago, the biopsychosocial model was proposed by George Engel to be the new paradigm for medicine and psychiatry. The model assumed a hierarchical structure of the biological, psychological and social system and simple interactions between the participating systems. This article holds the thesis that the original biopsychosocial model cannot depict psychiatry's reality and problems. The clinical validity of the biopsychosocial model has to be questioned. It is argued that psychiatric interventions can only stimulate but not determine their target (...)
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  12. Robert L. Woolfolk (1999). Malfunction and Mental Illness. The Monist 82 (4):658-670.score: 210.0
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  13. Thomas Stephen Szasz (1974). The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct. New York,Harper & Row.score: 210.0
  14. [deleted]Hanfried Helmchen (2013). Different Conceptions of Mental Illness: Consequences for the Association with Patients†. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 210.0
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  15. Richard Byng & Roger Jones (2004). Mental Health Link: The Development and Formative Evaluation of a Complex Intervention to Improve Shared Care for Patients with Long‐Term Mental Illness. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):27-36.score: 210.0
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  16. Carl Elliott (2004). Mental Illness and its Limits. In The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.score: 210.0
     
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  17. James Rohrer, Barbara Rohland, Anne Denison, J. Rush Pierce & Norman H. Rasmussen (2007). Family History of Mental Illness and Frequent Mental Distress in Community Clinic Patients. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):435-439.score: 210.0
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  18. David Papineau (1994). Mental Disorder, Illness and Biological Disfunction. Philosophy 37:73-82.score: 204.0
    I shall begin with the "anti-psychiatry" view that the lack of a physical basis excludes many familiar mental disorders from the category of "illness". My response to this argument will be that anti-psychiatrists are probably right to hold that most mental disorders do not involve any physical disorder, but that they are wrong to conclude from this that these mental disorders are not illnesses.
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  19. Christopher Ryan (2011). One Flu Over The Cuckoo's Nest: Comparing Legislated Coercive Treatment for Mental Illness with That for Other Illness. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):87-93.score: 192.0
    Many of the world’s mental health acts, including all Australian legislation, allow for the coercive detention and treatment of people with mental illnesses if they are deemed likely to harm themselves or others. Numerous authors have argued that legislated powers to impose coercive treatment in psychiatric illness should pivot on the presence or absence of capacity not likely harm, but no Australian act uses this criterion. In this paper, I add a novel element to these arguments by (...)
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  20. S. E. Mock & S. M. Arai (2009). Childhood Trauma and Chronic Illness in Adulthood: Mental Health and Socioeconomic Status as Explanatory Factors and Buffers. Frontiers in Psychology 1:246-246.score: 192.0
    Experiences of traumatic events in childhood have been shown to have long-term consequences for health in adulthood. With data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey we take a life course perspective of cumulative disadvantage and examine the potential role of mental health and socioeconomic status in adulthood as multiple mediators of the link between childhood trauma and chronic illness in adulthood. Mental health and socioeconomic status are also tested as buffers against the typically adverse consequences of (...)
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  21. K. W. M. Fulford (1993). Mental Illness and the Mind-Brain Problem: Delusion, Belief and Searle's Theory of Intentionality. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (2).score: 180.0
    Until recently there has been little contact between the mind-brain debate in philosophy and the debate in psychiatry about the nature of mental illness. In this paper some of the analogies and disanalogies between the two debates are explored. It is noted in particular that the emphasis in modern philosophy of mind on the importance of the concept of action has been matched by a recent shift in the debate about mental illness from analyses of disease (...)
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  22. Hanna Pickard (2009). Mental Illness is Indeed a Myth. In Matthew Broome & Lisa Bortolotti (eds.), Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience. Oup Oxford.score: 180.0
    This chapter offers a novel defence of Szasz’s claim that mental illness is a myth by bringing to bear a standard type of thought experiment used in philosophical discussions of the meaning of natural kind concepts. This makes it possible to accept Szasz’s conclusion that mental illness involves problems of living, some of which may be moral in nature, while bypassing the debate about the meaning of the concept of illness. The chapter then considers the (...)
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  23. Allan V. Horwitz (2002). Creating Mental Illness. University of Chicago Press.score: 180.0
    In this surprising book, Allan V. Horwitz argues that our current conceptions of mental illness as a disease fit only a small number of serious psychological conditions and that most conditions currently regarded as mental illness are cultural constructions, normal reactions to stressful social circumstances, or simply forms of deviant behavior.
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  24. S. Nassir Ghaemi (2007). The Concepts of Psychiatry: A Pluralistic Approach to the Mind and Mental Illness. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 180.0
    The status quo: dogmatism, the biopsychosocial model, and alternatives -- What there is: of mind and brain -- How we know: understanding the mind -- What is scientific method? -- Reading Karl Jaspers's General Psychopathology -- What is scientific method in psychiatry? -- Darwin's dangerous method: the essentialist fallacy -- What we value: the ethics of psychiatry -- Desire and self: Hellenistic and Islamic approaches -- On the nature of mental illness: disease or myth? -- Order out of (...)
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  25. Dominic Murphy (2001). Hacking's Reconciliation: Putting the Biological and Sociological Together in the Explanation of Mental Illness. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (2):139-162.score: 180.0
    In a series of recent works, Ian Hacking has produced a model of social causation in mental illness and begun to sketch in outline how this might be integrated with the medical model of psychiatry. This article elaborates and revises Hacking's model of social forces, criticizes him for attempting a merely semantic resolution of the tension between the social and the biological, and sketches an alternative approach that builds upon his substantial insights.
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  26. Michael S. Moore (1975). Some Myths About 'Mental Illness'. Inquiry 18 (3):233 – 265.score: 180.0
    Radical psychiatrists and others assert that mental illness is a myth. The opening and closing portions of the paper deal with the impact such argument has had in law and psychiatry. The body of the paper discusses the five versions of the myth argument prevalent in radical psychiatry: (A) that there is no such thing as mental illness; (B) that those called ?mentally ill? are really as rational as everyone else, only with different aims; that the (...)
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  27. David Michael Levin (1976). II. The Concept of Mental Illness: Working Through the Myths. Inquiry 19 (1-4):360-365.score: 180.0
    In ?Some Myths about ?Mental Illness'? (Inquiry, Vol. 18 [1975], No. 3), Michael Moore attempts to clarify and refute what he takes to be the radical (existential) position concerning the nature and diagnosis of mental illness. Moore's dissatisfaction with certain formulations and conceptualizations of the radical position is endorsed; as also the need to introduce greater rigor and precision into the discussion of mental illness. But Moore's clarifications are really misunderstandings and, in consequence, his (...)
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  28. Tim Thornton (2000). Mental Illness and Reductionism: Can Functions Be Naturalized? Philosophy Psychiatry and Psychology 9 (1):229-253.score: 180.0
    There has been considerable recent philo- sophical work on the nature of mental illness. Two..
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  29. Chris Megone (2007). Mental Illness, Metaphysics, Facts and Values. Philosophical Papers 36 (3):399-426.score: 180.0
    A number of prominent writers on the concept of mental illness/disease are committed to accounts which involve rejecting certain plausible widely held beliefs, namely: that it is part of the meaning of illness that it is bad for its possessor, so the concept of illness is essentially evaluative; that if a person has a mental illness, that is a fact about him; and that the same concept of illness is applicable in the case (...)
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  30. Vanessa Lux (2008). The Concept of the Gene in Psychiatric Genetics and its Consequences for the Concept of Mental Illness. Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):65-77.score: 180.0
    At this point in time, it is hard to say which consequences for the concept of mental illness result from modern genetics. Current research projects are trying to find significant statistical correlations between the diagnosis of a disease and a gene locus or an endophenotype. Up until now, there has not been any identification of alleles or mutations causing mental illness. In the meantime, the relations between the genetic basis and the disease are given the term (...)
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  31. Timothy Murphy (1982). Differential Diagnosis and Mental Illness. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (4):327-336.score: 180.0
    In considering the argument that Thomas Szasz advances on behalf of his claim that there is no mental illness, it becomes evident that despite his stated assumptions, moral valuations are necessarily tied up with assessment of disease. By following his remarks about differential diagnosis, it becomes evident that behavior is the occasion for differential diagnosis, that behavior determines which anatomical deviations are counted as diseases, and that Szasz's insistence on autonomy introduces his own moral assumptions into the concept (...)
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  32. James E. Swain & John D. Swain (2008). Creativity or Mental Illness: Possible Errors of Relational Priming in Neural Networks of the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):398-399.score: 180.0
    If connectionist computational models explain the acquisition of complex cognitive skills, errors in such models would also help explain unusual brain activity such as in creativity – as well as in mental illness, including childhood onset problems with social behaviors in autism, the inability to maintain focus in attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and the lack of motivation of depression disorders.
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  33. Christopher Megone (2000). Mental Illness, Human Function, and Values. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 7 (1):45-65.score: 180.0
    The present paper constitutes a development of the position that illness, whether bodily or mental, should be analyzed as an incapacitating failure of bodily or mental capacities, respectively, to realize their functions. The paper undertakes this development by responding to two critics. It addresses first Szasz’s continued claims that (1) physical illness is the paradigm concept of illness and (2) a philosophical analysis of mental illness does not shed any light on the social (...)
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  34. Thomas Szasz (2001). Mental Illness: Psychiatry's Phlogiston. Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (5):297-301.score: 180.0
    In physics, we use the same laws to explain why airplanes fly, and why they crash. In psychiatry, we use one set of laws to explain sane behaviour, which we attribute to reasons (choices), and another set of laws to explain insane behaviour, which we attribute to causes (diseases). God, man's idea of moral perfection, judges human deeds without distinguishing between sane persons responsible for their behaviour and insane persons deserving to be excused for their evil deeds. It is hubris (...)
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  35. Iep Author, Mental Illness, Philosophy Of.score: 180.0
    Philosophy of Mental Illness The Philosophy of Mental Illness is an interdisciplinary field of study that combines views and methods from the philosophy of mind, psychology, neuroscience, and moral philosophy in order to analyze the nature of mental illness. Philosophers of mental illness are concerned with examining the ontological, epistemological, and normative issues arising from […].
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  36. K. Koivisto, S. Janhonen, E. Latvala & L. Väisänen (2001). Applying Ethical Guidelines in Nursing Research on People with Mental Illness. Nursing Ethics 8 (4):328-339.score: 180.0
    This article describes how ethical guidelines have been applied while interviewing psychiatric patients who were recovering from mental illness, especially from psychosis, to allow nurses to understand these patients’ experiences. Because psychiatric patients are vulnerable, their participation in research involves ethical dilemmas, such as voluntary consent, legal capacity to consent, freedom of choice, and sufficient knowledge and comprehension. The first part of this article describes the most important ethical guidelines concerning human research. These have been published by different (...)
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  37. S. Priebe, J. Sinclair, A. Burton, S. Marougka, J. Larsen, M. Firn & R. Ashcroft (2010). Acceptability of Offering Financial Incentives to Achieve Medication Adherence in Patients with Severe Mental Illness: A Focus Group Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):463-468.score: 180.0
    Background Offering financial incentives to achieve medication adherence in patients with severe mental illness is controversial. Aims To explore the views of different stakeholders on the ethical acceptability of the practice. Method Focus group study consisting of 25 groups with different stakeholders. Results Eleven themes dominated the discussions and fell into four categories: (1) ‘wider concerns’, including the value of medication, source of funding, how patients would use the money, and a presumed government agenda behind the idea; (2) (...)
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  38. Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston & Yves Bureau (2012). Stigma of Mental Illness-1: Clinical Reflections. Mens Sana Monographs 10 (1):70.score: 180.0
    Although the quality and effectiveness of mental health treatments and services have improved greatly over the past 50 years, therapeutic revolutions in psychiatry have not yet been able to reduce stigma. Stigma is a risk factor leading to negative mental health outcomes. It is responsible for treatment seeking delays and reduces the likelihood that a mentally ill patient will receive adequate care. It is evident that delay due to stigma can have devastating consequences. This review will discuss the (...)
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  39. Abraham Rudnick (ed.) (2012). Recovery of People with Mental Illness: Philosophical and Related Perspectives. Oup Oxford.score: 180.0
    It is only in the past 20 years that the concept of 'recovery' from mental health has been more widely considered and researched. This book is unique in addressing philosophical issues - including conceptual challenges and opportunities - raised by the notion of recovery of people with mental illness.
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  40. [deleted]Belinda R. Lennox (2009). The Clinical Experience and Potential of Brain Imaging in Patients with Mental Illness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 180.0
    The clinical experience and potential of brain imaging in patients with mental illness.
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  41. Geoff Hamilton (2008). Mythos and Mental Illness: Psychopathy, Fantasy, and Contemporary Moral Life. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (4):231-242.score: 180.0
    Medical accounts of the absence of conscience are intriguing for the way they seem disposed to drift away from the ideal of scientific objectivity and towards fictional representations of the subject. I examine here several contemporary accounts of psychopathy by Robert Hare and Paul Babiak. I first note how they locate the truth about their subject in fiction, then go on to contend that their accounts ought to be thought of as a “mythos,” for they betray a telling uncertainty about (...)
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  42. Torbjörn Högberg, Annabella Magnusson & Kim Lützén (2005). To Be a Nurse or a Neighbour? A Moral Concern for Psychiatric Nurses Living Next Door to Individuals with a Mental Illness. Nursing Ethics 12 (5):468-478.score: 180.0
    Several studies reveal that positive attitudes towards individuals with a mental illness are correlated with knowledge about mental illness. The aim of this study was to explore and describe psychiatric nurses’ experiences of living next to people with mental health problems. In addition, it sought to identify and describe how they handle situations arising in a neighbourhood where people with a mental illness live. Two men and seven women participated in the study. The (...)
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  43. Paula K. Vuckovich (2010). Compliance Versus Adherence in Serious and Persistent Mental Illness. Nursing Ethics 17 (1):77-85.score: 180.0
    Failure to follow prescribed treatment has devastating consequences for those who are seriously and persistently mentally ill. Nurses, therefore, try to get clients to take psychotropic medication on a long-term basis. The goal is either compliance or adherence. Although current nursing literature has abandoned the term compliance because of its implications of coercion, in psychiatric nursing practice with patients suffering from serious long-term mental illness compliance and adherence are in fact different goals. The ideal goal is adherence, which (...)
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  44. Anthony Wrigley (2007). Realism and Anti-Realism About Mental Illness. Philosophical Papers 36 (3):371-397.score: 180.0
    In this paper I provide an account of the metaphysical foundations of mental illness in terms of a realism debate. I motivate the importance of such metaphysical analysis as a means of avoiding some intractable problems that beset discussion of the concept of mental illness. I apply aspects of the framework developed by Crispin Wright for realism debates in order to examine the ontological commitments to mental illness as a property that humans may exhibit (...)
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  45. Christy A. Rentmeester (2001). Care Planning for Individuals with Chronic Mental Illness and/or Substance Abuse Problems: Policy Implementation for Community Mental Health Centers. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):209-213.score: 180.0
    In an earlier edition of CambridgeQuarterly, in the section (CQ Vol 9, No 4), Larry Gottlieb sought advice on ethics committee assembly and policy implementation for a community mental health center. One concern mentioned is that staff members frequently encounter ethical issuesregarding the care of clients whose decisionmaking abilities are impaired by chronic mental illness and/or substance abuse. My response offers a suggestion for policy development and implementation, which may be integrated into guiding staff members of community (...)
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  46. Shlomo Kravetz & Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon (2012). Some Social Science Antinomies and Their Implications for the Recovery-Oriented Approach to Mental Illness and Psychiatric Rehabilitation. In Abraham Rudnick (ed.), Recovery of People with Mental Illness: Philosophical and Related Perspectives. Oup Oxford. 185.score: 180.0
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  47. A. Magnusson & K. Lützén (1999). Intrusion Into Patient Privacy: A Moral Concern in the Home Care of Persons with Chronic Mental Illness. Nursing Ethics 6 (5):399-410.score: 180.0
    The aim of this study was to identify and analyse ethical decision making in the home care of persons with long-term mental illness. A focus was placed on how health care workers interpret and deal with the principle of autonomy in actual situations. Three focus groups involving mental health nurses who were experienced in the home care of persons with chronic mental illness were conducted in order to stimulate an interactive dialogue on this topic. A (...)
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  48. Eliahu Shamir (2012). Families and Patients with Mental Illness: On the Recovery Road. In Abraham Rudnick (ed.), Recovery of People with Mental Illness: Philosophical and Related Perspectives. Oup Oxford. 39.score: 180.0
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  49. Terry Hyland (2012). Mindfulness and the Myth of Mental Illness: Implications for Theory and Practice. Contemporary Buddhism 13 (2):177-192.score: 164.0
    Over the past 60 years Thomas Szasz (1960, 1961[1974], 2008) has forcefully argued that mental illnesses are mythical since all medical diseases are located in the body and, thus, have somatic causes. This has been accompanied by a scathing and coruscating critique of the whole mental health profession?particularly, those psychologists, psychiatrists and psychotherapists who collude in and exploit the alleged mythology of counterfeit mental disorders and often (unwittingly or deliberately) justify coercion, oppression and pharmacological manipulation of so-called (...)
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  50. Antonio R. Damasio (1998). Commentary on Mind, Body, and Mental Illness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):343-345.score: 162.0
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