Search results for 'mental language' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Claude Panaccio (2007). Mental Language and Tradition Encounters in Medieval Philosophy: Anselm, Albert and Ockham. Vivarium 45 (s 2-3):269-282.score: 90.0
    Medieval philosophy is often presented as the outcome of a large scale encounter between the Christian tradition and the Greek philosophical one. This picture, however, inappropriately tends to leave out the active role played by the medieval authors themselves and their institutional contexts. The theme of the mental language provides us with an interesting case study in such matters. The paper first introduces a few technical notions—'theme', 'tradition', 'textual chain' and 'textual borrowing'—, and then focuses on precise passages (...)
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  2. J. Christopher Maloney (1984). The Mundane Mental Language: How to Do Words with Things. Synthese 59 (June):251-294.score: 69.0
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  3. J. Christopher Maloney (1989). The Mundane Matter of the Mental Language. Cambridge University Press.score: 63.0
    Offering an explanation of the fundamental nature of thought, this book posits the idea that thinking involves the processing of mental representations that take the form of sentences in a covert language encoded in the mind. The theory relies on traditional categories of psychology, including such notions as belief and desire. It also draws upon and thus inherits some of the problems of artificial intelligence which it attempts to answer, including what bestows meaning or content upon a thought (...)
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  4. David J. Chalmers (1999). Is There Synonymy in Ockham's Mental Language. In P. V. Spade (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ockham. Cambridge. 76.score: 60.0
    William of Ockham's semantic theory was founded on the idea that thought takes place in a language not unlike the languages in which spoken and written communication occur. This mental language was held to have a number of features in common with everyday languages. For example, mental language has simple terms, not unlike words, out of which complex expressions can be constructed. As with words, each of these terms has some meaning, or signification; in fact (...)
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  5. Gyula Klima, Semantic Complexity and Syntactic Simplicity in Ockham's Mental Language.score: 60.0
    In these comments I am going to argue that Yiwei Zheng's paper, by postulating an imaginary mental language in a proposed new interpretation of Ockham's conception of mental language, provides us with an imaginary solution to what turns out to be an imaginary problem. Having said this, however, I hasten to add that the paper has undeniable merits in pointing us in the right direction for revealing the imaginary character of the problem.
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  6. Mikko Yrjönsuuri (1997). Supposition and Truth in Ockham's Mental Language. Topoi 16 (1):15-25.score: 60.0
    In this paper, Ockham's theory of an ideal language of thought is used to illuminate problems of interpretation of his theory of truth. The twentieth century idea of logical form is used for finding out what kinds of atomic sentences there are in OckhamÕs mental language. It turns out that not only the theory of modes of supposition, but also the theory of supposition in general is insufficient as a full theory of truth. Rather, the theory of (...)
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  7. Paul Vincent Spade (1980). Synonymy and Equivocation in Ockham's Mental Language. Journal of the History of Philosophy 18 (1):9-22.score: 60.0
    A textual and philosophical study of the claim that according to ockham there is no synonymy or equivocation in mental language. It is argued that ockham is committed to both claims, Either explicitly or in virtue of other features of his doctrine. Nevertheless, Both claims lead to difficulties for ockham's theory.
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  8. Deborah J. Brown (1996). The Puzzle of Names in Ockham's Theory of Mental Language. Review of Metaphysics 50 (1):79 - 99.score: 60.0
    There is a tension within Ockham's theory of mental language between its claim to being a semantics for conventional languages and its claim to being a model of concept acquisition and thought. In particular, the commitment to a redundancy-free mental language which serves to explain important semantic relations such as synonymy and ambiguity conflicts, _prima facie, with the possibility of opaque belief contexts. I argue that it is preferable to treat the theory of mental (...) as an idealized theory of cognitive competence than to forfeit, as Jerry Fodor does, the commitment to conceptual parsimony. (shrink)
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  9. Peter King (2007). Abelard on Mental Language. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):169-187.score: 60.0
    I argue that Abelard was the author of the first theory of mental language in the Middle Ages, devising a “language of thought” to provide the semanticsfor ordinary languages, based on the idea that thoughts have linguistic character. I examine Abelard’s semantic framework with special attention to his principleof compositionality (the meaning of a whole is a function of the meanings of the parts); the results are then applied to Abelard’s distinction between complete andincomplete expressions, as well (...)
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  10. Michael C. Corballis (2013). Wandering Tales: Evolutionary Origins of Mental Time Travel and Language. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 60.0
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  11. Hester Goodenough Gelber (1984). I Cannot Tell a Lie. Hugh Lawton's Critique of Ockham on Mental Language. Franciscan Studies 44:141-179.score: 60.0
    The article describes the evolution of Ockham's theory of mental language and its impact on three of his dominican contemporaries at oxford: Hugh Lawton, William Crathorn and Robert Holcot, and its impact at Paris on the works of Gregory of Rimini and Pierre d'Ailly. Hugh Lawton's critical response to Ockham relied on a liar-like paradox to show that mental language would preclude the ability to lie. Crathorn devised an alternative to Ockham's theory in reaction, whereas Holcot (...)
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  12. Paloma Pérez-Ilzarbe (2009). Jerónimo Pardo on the Unity of Mental Propositions. In J. Biard (ed.), Le langage mental du Moyen Âge à l'Âge Classique. Peeters Publishers.score: 57.0
    Originally motivated by a sophism, Pardo's discussion about the unity of mental propositions allows him to elaborate on his ideas about the nature of propositions. His option for a non-composite character of mental propositions is grounded in an original view about syncategorems: propositions have a syncategorematic signification, which allows them to signify aliquid aliqualiter, just by virtue of the mental copula, without the need of any added categorematic element. Pardo's general claim about the simplicity of mental (...)
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  13. Adele Mercier (1993). Normativism and the Mental: A Problem of Language Individuation. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 72 (1):71-88.score: 54.0
    My aim in this paper is two?fold. I start by contrasting three versions of externalist arguments based on etiological considerations, whose differences are not often appreciated. My purpose in doing so is to isolate one of these versions of externalism as most supportive of current anti?individualist attitudes toward the mental. My second aim is to show that this version, which I call (for reasons soon to be clear) Dialectal Etiology , is marred to a greater extent than the other (...)
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  14. Viola Macchi Cassia Maria Dolores de Hevia, Luisa Girelli (2012). Minds Without Language Represent Number Through Space: Origins of the Mental Number Line. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 54.0
    Minds without language represent number through space: origins of the mental number line.
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  15. Michael A. Simon (1970). Materialism, Mental Language, and the Mind-Body Identity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (June):514-32.score: 51.0
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  16. Kristin Andrews, Confronting Language, Representation, and Belief: A Limited Defense of Mental Continuity.score: 48.0
    According to the mental continuity claim (MCC), human mental faculties are physical and beneficial to human survival, so they must have evolved gradually from ancestral forms and we should expect to see their precursors across species. Materialism of mind coupled with Darwin’s evolutionary theory leads directly to such claims and even today arguments for animal mental properties are often presented with the MCC as a premise. However, the MCC has been often challenged among contemporary scholars. It is (...)
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  17. Gilles Fauconnier (1994). Mental Spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language. Cambridge University Press.score: 48.0
    Mental Spaces is the classic introduction to the study of mental spaces and conceptual projection, as revealed through the structure and use of language. It examines in detail the dynamic construction of connected domains as discourse unfolds. The discovery of mental space organization has modified our conception of language and thought: powerful and uniform accounts of superficially disparate phenomena have become available in the areas of reference, presupposition projection, counterfactual and analogical reasoning, metaphor and metonymy, (...)
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  18. Humberto Maturana, Brain, Language and the Origin of Human Mental Functions.score: 48.0
    We propose that to understand the biological and neurophysiological processes that give rise to human mental phenomena it is necessary to consider them as behavioral relational phenomena. In particular, we propose that: a) these phenomena take place in the relational manner of living that human language constitutes, and b) that they arise as recursive operations in such behavioral domain. Accordingly, we maintain that these phenomena do not take place in the brain, nor are they the result of a (...)
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  19. Claude Panaccio (1992). From Mental Word to Mental Language. Philosophical Topics 20 (2):125-147.score: 48.0
    This paper studies the doctrinal and historical relations between the augustinian theme of the inner word as it was understood in Thirteenth-century thought --especially by Thomas Aquinas -- and William of Ockham's idea of mental discourse. The differences are shown to be deeply significant and are replaced in the context of a crucial shift that occurred in the decades between Aquinas and Ockham: the shift from theology to logic as providing the main inputs and stimulations for the development, on (...)
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  20. Francesco Ferretti & Erica Cosentino (2013). Time, Language and Flexibility of the Mind: The Role of Mental Time Travel in Linguistic Comprehension and Production. Philosophical Psychology 26 (1):24-46.score: 48.0
    According to Chomsky, creativity is a critical property of human language, particularly the aspect of ?the creative use of language? concerning the appropriateness to a situation. How language can be creative but appropriate to a situation is an unsolvable mystery from the Chomskyan point of view. We propose that language appropriateness can be explained by considering the role of the human capacity for Mental Time Travel at its foundation, together with social and ecological intelligences within (...)
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  21. Shaun Nichols (1991). The Mundane Matter of the Mental Language. Mind and Language 6 (4):386-389.score: 48.0
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  22. Simo Knuutttla (2009). Ockham on Fallacies and Mental Language. In J. Biard (ed.), Le Langage Mental du Moyen Âge à l'Âge Classique. Peeters Publishers. 50--135.score: 48.0
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  23. Alfonso Maierù (2004). Mental Language and Italian Scholasticism in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. In Russell L. Friedman & Sten Ebbesen (eds.), John Buridan and Beyond: Topics in the Language Sciences, 1300-1700. Commission Agent, C.A. Reitzel. 89--33.score: 48.0
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  24. Calvin Normore (2009). The End of Mental Language. In J. Biard (ed.), Le Langage Mental du Moyen Âge à l'Âge Classique. Peeters Publishers. 293--306.score: 48.0
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  25. Neil Campbell Manson (2002). What Does Language Tell Us About Consciousness? First-Person Mental Discourse and Higher-Order Thought Theories of Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):221 – 238.score: 45.0
    The fact that we can engage in first-person discourse about our own mental states seems, intuitively, to be bound up with consciousness. David Rosenthal draws upon this intuition in arguing for his higher-order thought theory of consciousness. Rosenthal's argument relies upon the assumption that the truth-conditions for "p" and "I think that p" differ. It is argued here that the truth-conditional schema debars "I think" from playing one of its (expressive) roles and thus is not a good test (...)
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  26. Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Giorgio Marchetti (2010). Editorial: Brain, Mind and Language Functional Architectures. Open Neuroimaging Journal 4:26-29.score: 45.0
    The interaction between brain and language has been investigated by a vast amount of research and different approaches, which however do not offer a comprehensive and unified theoretical framework to analyze how brain functioning performs the mental processes we use in producing language and in understanding speech. This Special Issue addresses the need to develop such a general theoretical framework, by fostering an interaction among the various scientific disciplines and methodologies, which centres on investigating the functional architecture (...)
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  27. Martin Lenz (2008). Why is Thought Linguistic? Ockham's Two Conceptions of the Intellect. Vivarium 46 (3):302-317.score: 45.0
    One of Ockham's fundamental tenets about the human intellect is that its acts constitute a mental language. Although this language of thought shares some of the features of conventional language, thought is commonly considered as prior to conventional language. This paper tries to show that this consensus is seriously challenged in Ockham's early writings. I shall argue that, in claiming the priority of conventional language over mental language, Ockham established a novel explanation (...)
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  28. Calvin G. Normore (1997). Material Supposition and the Mental Language of Ockham's Summa Logicae. Topoi 16 (1):27-33.score: 45.0
  29. Christopher Gauker (1991). Mental Content and the Division of Epistemic Labour. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69 (September):302-18.score: 45.0
    Tyler Burge's critique of individualistic conceptions of mental content is well known.This paper employs a novel strategy to defend a strong form of Burge's conclusion. The division of epistemic labor rests on the possibility of language-mediated transactions, such as asking for something in a store and getting it. The paper shows that any individualistic conception of content will render such transactions unintelligible.
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  30. Robert D. Rupert (1999). Mental Representations and Millikan's Theory of Intentional Content: Does Biology Chase Causality? Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (1):113-140.score: 45.0
    In her landmark book, Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories (Millikan1984),1 Ruth Garrett Millikan utilizes the idea of a biological function to solve philosophical problems associated with the phenomena of language, thought, and meaning. Language and thought are activities of biological organisms, according to Millikan, and we should treat them as such when trying to answer related philosophical questions. Of special interest is Millikan’s treatment of intentionality. Here Millikan employs the notion of a biological function to explain (...)
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  31. Whit Schonbein (2012). The Linguistic Subversion of Mental Representation. Minds and Machines 22 (3):235-262.score: 45.0
    Embedded and embodied approaches to cognition urge that (1) complicated internal representations may be avoided by letting features of the environment drive behavior, and (2) environmental structures can play an enabling role in cognition, allowing prior cognitive processes to solve novel tasks. Such approaches are thus in a natural position to oppose the ‘thesis of linguistic structuring’: The claim that the ability to use language results in a wholesale recapitulation of linguistic structure in onboard mental representation. Prominent examples (...)
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  32. E. J. Ashworth (1982). The Structure of Mental Language: Some Problems Discussed by Early Sixteenth Century Logicians. Vivarium 20 (1):59-83.score: 45.0
  33. Arnold B. Levison (1986). Metalinguistic Dualism and the Mark of the Mental. Synthese 66 (March):339-359.score: 45.0
    In this paper I argue against the view, defended by some philosophers, that it is part of the meaning of mental that being mental is incompatible with being physical. I call this outlook metalinguistic dualism (MLD for short), and I distinguish it from metaphysical theories of the mind-body relation such as Cartesian dualism. I argue that MLD is mistaken, but I don't try to defend the contrary view that mentalistic terms can be definitionally reduced to nonmental (...)
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  34. Lilly-Marlene Russow (1992). The Mundane Matter of the Mental Language J. Christopher Maloney New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989, Xxvii + 274 P., US$39.50. [REVIEW] Dialogue 31 (01):150-.score: 45.0
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  35. Yiwei Zheng (1998). Metaphysical Simplicity and Semantical Complexity of Connotative Terms in Ockham's Mental Language. The Modern Schoolman 75 (4):253-264.score: 45.0
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  36. E. J. Ashworth (1981). Mental Language and the Unity of Propositions: A Semantic Problem Discussed by Early Sixteenth Century Logicians. Franciscan Studies 41 (1):61-96.score: 45.0
  37. Catarina Dutilh Novaes (2012). Ockham on Supposition Theory, Mental Language, and Angelic Communication. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (3):415-434.score: 45.0
  38. Claude Panaccio (1999). And Mental Language. In P. V. Spade (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ockham. Cambridge. 53.score: 45.0
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  39. M. Patharkar (2011). From Data Processing to Mental Organs: An Interdisciplinary Path to Cognitive Neuroscience. Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):218.score: 45.0
    Human brain is a highly evolved coordinating mechanism in the species Homo sapiens. It is only in the last 100 years that extensive knowledge of the intricate structure and complex functioning of the human brain has been acquired, though a lot is yet to be known. However, from the beginning of civilisation, people have been conscious of a 'mind' which has been considered the origin of all scientific and cultural development. Philosophers have discussed at length the various attributes of consciousness. (...)
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  40. Aurélien Robert, William Crathorn on Predication and Mental Language.score: 45.0
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  41. Laird Addis (1990). The Mundane Matter of the Mental Language. Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):426-427.score: 45.0
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  42. Claude Albert (2007). Mental Language and Tradition Encounters in Medieval Philosophy : Anselm, Albert and Ockham. In John Marenbon (ed.), The Many Roots of Medieval Logic: The Aristotelian and the Non-Aristotelian Traditions: Special Offprint of Vivarium 45, 2-3 (2007). Brill.score: 45.0
  43. Hester G. Gelber (1984). I Cannot Tell a Lie: Hugh of Lawton's Critique of William of Ockham on Mental Language. Franciscan Studies 44 (1):141-179.score: 45.0
  44. Wilhelm Humboldt (1999). On Language: On the Diversity of Human Language Construction and its Influence on the Mental Development of the Human Species. Cambridge University Press.score: 45.0
    Wilhelm von Humboldt's classic study of human language was first published in 1836, as a general introduction to his three-volume treatise on the Kawi language of Java. It is the final statement of his lifelong study of the nature of language, exploring its universal structures and its relation to mind and culture. Empirically wide-ranging - Humboldt goes far beyond the Indo-European family of languages - it remains one of the most interesting and important attempts to draw philosophical (...)
     
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  45. Wilhelm Humboldt (1988). On Language: The Diversity of Human Language-Structure and its Influence on the Mental Development of Mankind. Cambridge University Press.score: 45.0
    This is an entirely new translation of one of the fundamental works in the development of the study of language. Published in 1836, it formed the general introduction to Wilhelm von Humboldt's three-volume treatise on the Kawi language of Java. It is the final statement of his lifelong study of the nature of language, and presents a survey of a great many languages, exploring ways in which their various grammatical structures make them more or less suitable as (...)
     
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  46. Rastislav Nemec (2013). On Some Problems of Mental Language in Ockham and Fodor. Filozofia 68 (6):470-480.score: 45.0
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  47. Claude Panaccio (1999). Semantics and Mental Language. In P. V. Spade (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ockham. Cambridge. 53--75.score: 45.0
  48. D. Perler (2004). The Systematicity of Thought-On Ockham's Theory of Mental Language. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 111 (2):291-311.score: 45.0
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  49. James H. Fetzer (1989). Language and Mentality: Computational, Representational, and Dispositional Conceptions. Behaviorism 17:21-39.score: 42.0
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