Search results for 'minimal competence' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Thom Brooks (2007). Equality and Democracy. Ethical Perspectives 14 (1):3-12.score: 45.0
    In a recent article, Thomas Christiano defends the intrinsic justice of democracy grounded in the principle of equal consideration of interests. Each citizen is entitled to a single vote, equal in weight to all other citizens. The problem with this picture is that all citizens must meet a threshold of minimal competence. My argument is that Christiano is wrong to claim a minimum threshold of competency is fully consistent with the principle of equality. While standards of minimal (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Mark Hanin (2012). Naturalistic Moral Realism and Moral Disagreement: David Copp's Account. Res Publica 18 (4):283-301.score: 36.0
    To enhance the plausibility of naturalistic moral realism, David Copp develops an argument from epistemic defeaters aiming to show that strongly a priori synthetic moral truths do not exist. In making a case for the non-naturalistic position, I locate Copp’s account within the wider literature on peer disagreement; I identify key points of divergence between Copp’s doctrine and conciliatorist doctrines; I introduce the notion of ‘minimal moral competence’; I contend that some plausible benchmarks for minimal moral (...) are grounded in substantive moral considerations; and I discuss two forms of spinelessness that Copp’s moral naturalism could result in. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Sanneke de Haan & Leon de Bruin (2010). Reconstructing the Minimal Self, or How to Make Sense of Agency and Ownership. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):373-396.score: 18.0
    We challenge Gallagher’s distinction between the sense of ownership (SO) and the sense of agency (SA) as two separable modalities of experience of the minimal self and argue that a careful investigation of the examples provided to promote this distinction in fact reveals that SO and SA are intimately related and modulate each other. We propose a way to differentiate between the various notions of SO and SA that are currently used interchangeably in the debate, and suggest a more (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Kristine Bærøe (2010). Patient Autonomy, Assessment of Competence and Surrogate Decision-Making: A Call for Reasonableness in Deciding for Others. Bioethics 24 (2):87-95.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I address some of the shortcomings of established clinical ethics centring on personal autonomy and consent and what I label the Doctrine of Respecting Personal Autonomy in Healthcare. I discuss two implications of this doctrine: 1) the practice for treating patients who are considered to have borderline decision-making competence and 2) the practice of surrogate decision-making in general. I argue that none of these practices are currently aligned with respectful treatment of vulnerable individuals. Because of 'structural (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Jillian Craigie (2011). Competence, Practical Rationality and What a Patient Values. Bioethics 25 (6):326-333.score: 18.0
    According to the principle of patient autonomy, patients have the right to be self-determining in decisions about their own medical care, which includes the right to refuse treatment. However, a treatment refusal may legitimately be overridden in cases where the decision is judged to be incompetent. It has recently been proposed that in assessments of competence, attention should be paid to the evaluative judgments that guide patients' treatment decisions.In this paper I examine this claim in light of theories of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Yu-Shan Chen (2008). The Driver of Green Innovation and Green Image – Green Core Competence. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (3):531 - 543.score: 18.0
    This study proposed a novel construct – green core competence – to explore its positive effects on green innovation and green images of firms. The results showed that green core competences of firms were positively correlated to their green innovation performance and green images. In addition, this research also verified two types of green innovation performance had partial mediation effects between green core competences and green images of firms. Therefore, investment in the development of green core competence was (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Luca Moretti (2008). The Ontological Status of Minimal Entities. Philosophical Studies 141 (1):97 - 114.score: 18.0
    Minimal entities are, roughly, those that fall under notions defined by only deflationary principles. In this paper I provide an accurate characterization of two types of minimal entities: minimal properties and minimal facts. This characterization is inspired by both Schiffer's notion of a pleonastic entity and Horwich's notion of minimal truth. I argue that we are committed to the existence of minimal properties and minimal facts according to a deflationary notion of existence, and (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. J. Alcalde, M. C. Marco-Gil & J. A. Silva, The Minimal Overlap Rule: Restrictions on Mergers for Creditors' Consensus.score: 18.0
    As it is known, there is no rule satisfying Additivity in the complete domain of bankruptcy problems. This paper proposes a notion of partial Additivity in this context, to be called µ-additivity. We find that µ-additivity, together with two quite compelling axioms, anonymity and continuity, identify the Minimal Overlap rule, introduced by Neill (1982).
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Mark Addis (2013). Linguistic Competence and Expertise. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.score: 18.0
    Questions about the relationship between linguistic competence and expertise will be examined in the paper. Harry Collins and others distinguish between ubiquitous and esoteric expertise. Collins places considerable weight on the argument that ordinary linguistic competence and related phenomena exhibit a high degree of expertise. His position and ones which share close affinities are methodologically problematic. These difficulties matter because there is continued and systematic disagreement over appropriate methodologies for the empirical study of expertise. Against Collins, it will (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Andrew Davis (2005). Social Externalism and the Ontology of Competence. Philosophical Explorations 8 (3):297-308.score: 18.0
    Social externalism implies that many competences are not personal assets separable from social and cultural environments but complex states of affairs involving individuals and persisting features of social reality. The paper explores the consequences for competence identity over time and across contexts, and hence for the predictive role usually accorded to competences.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Laura Klaming & Pim Haselager (2013). Did My Brain Implant Make Me Do It? Questions Raised by DBS Regarding Psychological Continuity, Responsibility for Action and Mental Competence. Neuroethics 6 (3):527-539.score: 18.0
    Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a well-accepted treatment for movement disorders and is currently explored as a treatment option for various neurological and psychiatric disorders. Several case studies suggest that DBS may, in some patients, influence mental states critical to personality to such an extent that it affects an individual’s personal identity, i.e. the experience of psychological continuity, of persisting through time as the same person. Without questioning the usefulness of DBS as a treatment option for various serious and treatment (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Andy Clark (1990). Connectionism, Competence and Explanation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (June):195-222.score: 18.0
    A competence model describes the abstract structure of a solution to some problem. or class of problems, facing the would-be intelligent system. Competence models can be quite derailed, specifying far more than merely the function to be computed. But for all that, they are pitched at some level of abstraction from the details of any particular algorithm or processing strategy which may be said to realize the competence. Indeed, it is the point and virtue of such models (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Tyler Burge (2013). Some Remarks on Putnam's Contributions to Semantics. Theoria 79 (3):229-241.score: 18.0
    After a critical discussion of Putnam's early work on the analytic–synthetic distinction, this article discusses seven contributions that Putnam has made to the philosophy of language. These contributions are (1) to understanding the role of definitions in science and in ordinary discourse; (2) to recognizing the role of stereotypes in explaining meaning; (3) to acknowledging the minimal role of explicative understanding in having linguistic competence with natural kind words; (4) to distinguishing sharply between identifying natural kinds and determining (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Steve Clarke (2013). The Neuroscience of Decision Making and Our Standards for Assessing Competence to Consent. Neuroethics 6 (1):189-196.score: 18.0
    Rapid advances in neuroscience may enable us to identify the neural correlates of ordinary decision making. Such knowledge opens up the possibility of acquiring highly accurate information about people’s competence to consent to medical procedures and to participate in medical research. Currently we are unable to determine competence to consent with accuracy and we make a number of unrealistic practical assumptions to deal with our ignorance. Here I argue that if we are able to detect competence to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Marcello Frixione (2001). Tractable Competence. Minds and Machines 11 (3):379-397.score: 18.0
    In the study of cognitive processes, limitations on computational resources (computing time and memory space) are usually considered to be beyond the scope of a theory of competence, and to be exclusively relevant to the study of performance. Starting from considerations derived from the theory of computational complexity, in this paper I argue that there are good reasons for claiming that some aspects of resource limitations pertain to the domain of a theory of competence.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Jos V. M. Welie & Sander P. K. Welie (2001). Patient Decision Making Competence: Outlines of a Conceptual Analysis. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):127-138.score: 18.0
    In order to protect patients against medical paternalism, patients have been granted the right to respect of their autonomy. This right is operationalized first and foremost through the phenomenon of informed consent. If the patient withholds consent, medical treatment, including life-saving treatment, may not be provided. However, there is one proviso: The patient must be competent to realize his autonomy and reach a decision about his own care that reflects that autonomy. Since one of the most important patient rights hinges (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. David E. Desplaces, David E. Melchar, Laura L. Beauvais & Susan M. Bosco (2007). The Impact of Business Education on Moral Judgment Competence: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):73 - 87.score: 18.0
    This study uses theories of moral reasoning and moral competence to investigate how university codes of ethics, perceptions of ethical culture, academic pressure from significant others, and ethics pedagogy are related to the moral development of students. Results suggest that ethical codes and student perceptions of such codes affect their perceptions of the ethical nature of the cultures within these institutions. In addition, faculty and student discussion of ethics in business courses is significantly and positively related to moral (...) among students. Our results point to the need to further examine the connections among academic institutional structures, ethics pedagogy, and students’ moral development. (shrink)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Tae-Yeol Kim & Minsoo Kim (2013). Leaders' Moral Competence and Employee Outcomes: The Effects of Psychological Empowerment and Person–Supervisor Fit. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):155-166.score: 18.0
    This study examined how leaders’ moral competence is linked to employees’ task performance and organizational citizenship behaviors. Based on a sample of 102 employee–supervisor pairs from seven organizations in South Korea, the results of this study revealed that leaders’ moral competence was positively associated with employees’ task performance and organizational citizenship behaviors toward leaders (OCBS). As expected, employees’ psychological empowerment partially mediated the relationship between leaders’ moral competence and employees’ task performance and OCBS. Furthermore, person–supervisor fit (PS (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. S. Eriksson, G. Helgesson & A. T. Höglund (2007). Being, Doing, and Knowing: Developing Ethical Competence in Health Care. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 5 (2-4):207-216.score: 18.0
    There is a growing interest in ethical competence-building within nursing and health care practising. This tendency is accompanied by a remarkable growth of ethical guidelines. Ethical demands have also been laid down in laws. Present-day practitioners and researchers in health care are thereby left in a virtual cross-fire of various legislations, codes, and recommendations, all intended to guide behaviour. The aim of this paper was to investigate the role of ethical guidelines in the process of ethical competence-building within (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Sander P. K. Welie (2001). Criteria for Patient Decision Making (in)Competence: A Review of and Commentary on Some Empirical Approaches. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):139-151.score: 18.0
    The principle of autonomy presupposes Patient Decision Making Competence (PDMC). For a few decades a considerable amount of empirical research has been done into PDMC. In this contribution that research is explored. After a short exposition on four qualities involved in PDMC, different approaches to assess PDMC are distinguished, namely a negative and a positive one. In the negative approach the focus is on identifying psychopathologic conditions that impair sound decision making; the positive one attempts to assess whether a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Peter Verdée (2009). Adaptive Logics Using the Minimal Abnormality Strategy Are 1 \Pi^11 -Complex. Synthese 167 (1):93 - 104.score: 18.0
    In this article complexity results for adaptive logics using the minimal abnormality strategy are presented. It is proven here that the consequence set of some recursive premise sets is $\Pi _1^1 - complete$ . So, the complexity results in (Horsten and Welch, Synthese 158:41–60,2007) are mistaken for adaptive logics using the minimal abnormality strategy.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Nick Boreham (2004). A Theory of Collective Competence: Challenging the Neo-Liberal Individualisation of Performance at Work. British Journal of Educational Studies 52 (1):5 - 17.score: 18.0
    Contemporary work-related education and training policy represents occupational competence as the outcome of individual performance at work. This paper presents a critique of this neo-liberal assumption, arguing that in many cases competence should be regarded as an attribute of groups, teams and communities. It proposes a theory of collective competence in terms of (1) making collective sense of events in the workplace, (2) developing and using a collective knowledge base and (3) developing a sense of interdependency. It (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Peter Verdée (2009). Adaptive Logics Using the Minimal Abnormality Strategy Are P 1 1 \Pi^1_1 -Complex. Synthese 167 (1):93 - 104.score: 18.0
    In this article complexity results for adaptive logics using the minimal abnormality strategy are presented. It is proven here that the consequence set of some recursive premise sets is $\Pi _1^1 - complete$ . So, the complexity results in (Horsten and Welch, Synthese 158:41–60,2007) are mistaken for adaptive logics using the minimal abnormality strategy.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Lorraine Y. Landry (1999). Multi-Disciplinary Competence Assessment: A Case Study in Consensus and Culture. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (5):423-437.score: 18.0
    The case of May Redwing, an American Indian woman assessed for competence is examined in detail. The case highlights the interconnections between the cultures of medicine and law and notes the importance of criteria of competence assessment, but also underscores the necessity of attention to the patient'scultural background in a multi-disciplinary competence assessment team process. Three interrelated areas of inquiry are explored: (1) Can we expect a morally and politically justifiable assessment of competence from a multi-disciplinary (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Henk Nellen (2012). Minimal Religion, Deism and Socinianism: On Grotiuss Motives for Writing De Veritate. Grotiana 33 (1):25-57.score: 18.0
    This article goes into the intentions and motives behind De Veritate (1627), famous apologetic work by the Dutch humanist and jurisconsult Hugo Grotius (1583-1645). De Veritate will be compared with two other seminal works written by Grotius, De iure belli ac pacis (1625) and the Annotationes in Novum Testamentum (1641-1650). The focus will be on one particular aspect that comes to the fore in all three works: the way Grotius reduced the Christian faith to a minimal religion by singling (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Eric Vogelstein (2012). Competence and Ability. Bioethics.score: 18.0
    It is nearly universally thought that the kind of decision-making competence that gives one a strong prima facie right to make one's own medical decisions essentially involves having an ability (or abilities) of some sort, or having a certain level or degree of ability (or abilities). When put under philosophical scrutiny, however, this kind of theory does not hold up. I will argue that being competent does not essentially involve abilities, and I will propose and defend a theory of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Terry Horgan & Matjaž Potrč (2013). Epistemological Skepticism, Semantic Blindness, and Competence-Based Performance Errors. Acta Analytica 28 (2):161-177.score: 18.0
    The semantic blindness objection to contextualism challenges the view that there is no incompatibility between (i) denials of external-world knowledge in contexts where radical-deception scenarios are salient, and (ii) affirmations of external-world knowledge in contexts where such scenarios are not salient. Contextualism allegedly attributes a gross and implausible form of semantic incompetence in the use of the concept of knowledge to people who are otherwise quite competent in its use; this blindness supposedly consists in wrongly judging that there is genuine (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Thomas K. Metzinger (2013). Why Are Dreams Interesting for Philosophers? The Example of Minimal Phenomenal Selfhood, Plus an Agenda for Future Research1. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    This metatheoretical paper develops a list of new research targets by exploring particularly promising interdisciplinary contact points between empirical dream research and philosophy of mind. The central example is the MPS-problem. It is constituted by the epistemic goal of conceptually isolating and empirically grounding the phenomenal property of “minimal phenomenal selfhood”, which refers to the simplest form of self-consciousness. In order to precisely describe MPS, one must focus on those conditions that are not only causally enabling, but strictly necessary (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Niklas Möller (2014). All That Jazz: Linguistic Competence and Improvisation. Philosophical Studies 167 (2):237-250.score: 18.0
    Recently, theorists have pointed to the role of improvisation in practical reasoning and in gaining new moral knowledge. Laura and François Schroeter have gone even further by suggesting an account of competence with evaluative terms based on holistic improvisation. I argue, however, that they fail in their task. Through a challenge of their key claim against Allan Gibbard’s alternative account, I demonstrate that Schroeter and Schroeter provide only partial constraints on competence, and thus that their account lacks the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Mingzhong Cai (2010). A Hyperimmune Minimal Degree and an ANR 2-Minimal Degree. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (4):443-455.score: 18.0
    We develop a new method for constructing hyperimmune minimal degrees and construct an ANR degree which is a minimal cover of a minimal degree.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Rebecca J. Hester (2012). The Promise and Paradox of Cultural Competence. HEC Forum 24 (4):279-291.score: 18.0
    Cultural competence has become a ubiquitous and unquestioned aspect of professional formation in medicine. It has been linked to efforts to eliminate race-based health disparities and to train more compassionate and sensitive providers. In this article, I question whether the field of cultural competence lives up to its promise. I argue that it does not because it fails to grapple with the ways that race and racism work in U.S. society today. Unless we change our theoretical apparatus for (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Alfred Dolich (2007). A Note on Weakly O-Minimal Structures and Definable Completeness. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 48 (2):281-292.score: 18.0
    We consider the extent to which certain properties of definably complete structures may persist in structures which are not definably complete, particularly in the weakly o-minimal structures.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Oleg Belegradek, Ya'Acov Peterzil & Frank Wagner (2000). Quasi-o-Minimal Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (3):1115-1132.score: 18.0
    A structure (M, $ ,...) is called quasi-o-minimal if in any structure elementarily equivalent to it the definable subsets are exactly the Boolean combinations of 0-definable subsets and intervals. We give a series of natural examples of quasi-o-minimal structures which are not o-minimal; one of them is the ordered group of integers. We develop a technique to investigate quasi-o-minimality and use it to study quasi-o-minimal ordered groups (possibly with extra structure). Main results: any quasi-o-minimal ordered (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. David M. Evans & Marco S. Ferreira (2012). The Geometry of Hrushovski Constructions, II. The Strongly Minimal Case. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (1):337-349.score: 18.0
    We investigate the isomorphism types of combinatorial geometries arising from Hrushovski's flat strongly minimal structures and answer some questions from Hrushovski's original paper.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Wolfgang Freitag (2013). In Defence of a Minimal Conception of Epistemic Contextualism: A Reply to M. D. Ashfield's Response. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 28 (1):127-137.score: 18.0
    The article responds to the objections M.D. Ashfield has raised to my recent attempt at saving epistemic contextualism from the knowability problem. First, it shows that Ashfield’s criticisms of my minimal conception of epistemic contextualism, even if correct, cannot reinstate the knowability problem. Second, it argues that these criticisms are based on a misunderstanding of the commitments of my minimal conception. I conclude that there is still no reason to maintain that epistemic contextualism has the knowability problem.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Gerben Meynen (2011). Depression, Possibilities, and Competence: A Phenomenological Perspective. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (3):181-193.score: 18.0
    Competent decision-making is required for informed consent. In this paper, I aim, from a phenomenological perspective, to identify the specific facets of competent decision-making that may form a challenge to depressed patients. On a phenomenological account, mood and emotions are crucial to the way in which human beings encounter the world. More precisely, mood is intimately related to the options and future possibilities we perceive in the world around us. I examine how possibilities should be understood in this context, and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. M. Strätling, V. E. Scharf & P. Schmucker (2004). Mental Competence and Surrogate Decision-Making Towards the End of Life. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (2):209-215.score: 18.0
    German legislation demands that decisions about the treatment of mentally incompetent patients require an ‘informed consent’. If this was not given by the patient him-/herself before he/she became incompetent, it has to be sought by the physician from a guardian, who has to be formally legitimized before. Additionally this surrogate has to seek the permission of a Court of Guardianship (Vormundschaftsgericht), if he/she intends to consent to interventions, which pose significant risks to the health or the life of the person (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Anna Bergqvist (2009). Semantic Particularism and Linguistic Competence. Logique et Analyse 52 (208):343-361.score: 18.0
    In this paper I examine a contemporary debate about the general notion of linguistic rules and the place of context in determining meaning, which has arisen in the wake of a challenge that the conceptual framework of moral particularism has brought to the table. My aim is to show that particularism in the theory of meaning yields an attractive model of linguistic competence that stands as a genuine alternative to other use-oriented but still generalist accounts that allow room for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. David M. Adams (forthcoming). Belief and Death: Capital Punishment and the Competence-for-Execution Requirement. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-14.score: 18.0
    A curious and comparatively neglected element of death penalty jurisprudence in America is my target in this paper. That element concerns the circumstances under which severely mentally disabled persons, incarcerated on death row, may have their sentences carried out. Those circumstances are expressed in a part of the law which turns out to be indefensible. This legal doctrine—competence-for-execution (CFE)—holds that a condemned, death-row inmate may not be killed if, at the time of his scheduled execution, he lacks an awareness (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Elías Baro (2010). Normal Triangulations in o-Minimal Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):275-288.score: 18.0
    Let $\scr{R}$ be an o-minimal structure over a real closed field R. Given a simplicial complex K and some definable subsets S₁,...,S l of its realization $|K|$ in R we prove that there exist a subdivision K' of K and a definable triangulation $\phi ^{\prime}\colon |K^{\prime}|\rightarrow |K|$ of $|K|$ partitioning S₁,...,S l with $\phi ^{\prime}$ definably homotopic to $id_{|K|}$ . As an application of this result we obtain the semialgebraic Hauptvermutung.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Lazare Benaroyo & Guy Widdershoven (2004). Competence in Mental Health Care: A Hermeneutic Perspective. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 12 (4):295-306.score: 18.0
    In this paper we develop a hermeneutic approach to the concept of competence. Patient competence, according to a hermeneutic approach, is not primarily a matter of being able to reason, but of being able to interpret the world and respond to it. Capacity should then not be seen as theoretical, but as practical. From the perspective of practical rationality, competence and capacity are two sides of the same coin. If a person has the capacity to understand the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Chris Miller & James Tyne (2006). Expansions of o-Minimal Structures by Iteration Sequences. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (1):93-99.score: 18.0
    Let P be the ω-orbit of a point under a unary function definable in an o-minimal expansion ℜ of a densely ordered group. If P is monotonically cofinal in the group, and the compositional iterates of the function are cofinal at +\infty in the unary functions definable in ℜ, then the expansion (ℜ, P) has a number of good properties, in particular, every unary set definable in any elementarily equivalent structure is a disjoint union of open intervals and finitely (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Pantelis E. Eleftheriou (2010). Groups Definable in Linear o-Minimal Structures: The Non-Compact Case. Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):208-220.score: 18.0
    Let $\scr{M}=\langle M,+,<,0,S\rangle $ be a linear o-minimal expansion of an ordered group, and $G=\langle G,\oplus ,e_{G}\rangle $ an n-dimensional group definable in $\scr{M}$ . We show that if G is definably connected with respect to the t-topology, then it is definably isomorphic to a definable quotient group U/L, for some convex ${\ssf V}\text{-definable}$ subgroup U of $\langle M^{n},+\rangle $ and a lattice L of rank equal to the dimension of the 'compact part' of G.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. George Hargraves (2000). The Review of Vocational Qualifications, 1985 to 1986: An Analysis of Its Role in the Development of Competence-Based Vocational Qualifications in England and Wales. [REVIEW] British Journal of Educational Studies 48 (3):285 - 308.score: 18.0
    A significant historical role in the development of competence-based vocational qualifications in England and Wales is customarily ascribed to the 1985 to 1986 Review of Vocational Qualifications (RVQ), the body which invented the National Vocational Qualification (NVQ). This paper analyses the RVQ's internal debates. The paper demonstrates that the RVQ proposed only the general principles of a structure and an administration for a reformed vocational qualifications system. The RVQ did not address in detail either the definition of occupational (...) or the curriculum and assessment models to be embodied in the NVQ. In the light of this analysis, the paper re-evaluates the role of the RVQ in the development of competence-based vocational qualifications, and suggests some potentially fruitful areas for future research. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Thomas McNally & Sinéad McNally (forthcoming). Chomsky and Wittgenstein on Linguistic Competence. Nordic Wittgenstein Review.score: 18.0
    In his Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language , Saul Kripke presents his influential reading of Wittgenstein’s later writings on language. One of the largely unexplored features of that reading is that Kripke makes a small number of suggestive remarks concerning the possible threat that Wittgenstein’s arguments pose for Chomsky’s linguistic project. In this paper, we attempt to characterise the relevance of Wittgenstein’s later work on meaning and rule-following for transformational linguistics, and in particular to identify the potentially negative impact (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Alessandro Pinzani (2010). Minimal Income as Basic Condition for Autonomy. Veritas 55 (1).score: 18.0
    In this paper I shall deal with the question of whether a State-granted minimal income (which is not the same as a basic income) is a necessary condition in order for individuals (1) to attain a basic level of autonomy; and (2) to develop capabilities that allow them to improve the quality of their life. As a theoretical basis for my analysis I shall use Honneth’s theory of recognition, Sen’s capability approach (also in the version offered by Nussbaum), and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Stella Reiter-Theil, Marcel Mertz, Jan Schürmann, Nicola Stingelin Giles & Barbara Meyer-Zehnder (2011). Evidence – Competence – Discourse: The Theoretical Framework of the Multi-Centre Clinical Ethics Support Project Metap. Bioethics 25 (7):403-412.score: 18.0
    In this paper we assume that ‘theory’ is important for Clinical Ethics Support Services (CESS). We will argue that the underlying implicit theory should be reflected. Moreover, we suggest that the theoretical components on which any clinical ethics support (CES) relies should be explicitly articulated in order to enhance the quality of CES.A theoretical framework appropriate for CES will be necessarily complex and should include ethical (both descriptive and normative), metaethical and organizational components. The various forms of CES that exist (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Philip Bielby (2005). The Conflation of Competence and Capacity in English Medical Law: A Philosophical Critique. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):357-369.score: 18.0
    Ethical and legal discourse pertaining to the ability to consent to treatment and research in England operates within a dualist framework of “competence” and “capacity”. This is confusing, as while there exists in England two possible senses of legal capacity – “first person” legal capacity and “delegable” legal capacity, currently neither is formulated to bear a necessary relationship with decision-making competence. Notwithstanding this, judges and academic commentators frequently invoke competence to consent in discussions involving the validity of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Carmela Di Mauro (2008). Uncertainty Aversion Vs. Competence: An Experimental Market Study. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 64 (2-3):301-331.score: 18.0
    Heath and Tversky (1991, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 4:5–28) posed that reaction to ambiguity is driven by perceived competence. Competence effects may be inconsistent with ambiguity aversion if betting on own judgement is preferred to betting on a chance event, because judgemental probabilities are more ambiguous than chance events. This laboratory experiment analyses whether ambiguity affects prices and volumes in a double auction market, and contrasts ambiguity aversion to competence effects. In order to test for the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Pantelis E. Eleftheriou (2009). Compact Domination for Groups Definable in Linear o-Minimal Structures. Archive for Mathematical Logic 48 (7):607-623.score: 18.0
    We prove the Compact Domination Conjecture for groups definable in linear o-minimal structures. Namely, we show that every definably compact group G definable in a saturated linear o-minimal expansion of an ordered group is compactly dominated by (G/G 00, m, π), where m is the Haar measure on G/G 00 and π : G → G/G 00 is the canonical group homomorphism.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000