Search results for 'modal versus conditional and dispositional analyses of abilities' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Christian List (2014). Free Will, Determinism, and the Possibility of Doing Otherwise. Noûs 48 (1):156-178.
    I argue that free will and determinism are compatible, even when we take free will to require the ability to do otherwise and even when we interpret that ability modally, as the possibility of doing otherwise, and not just conditionally or dispositionally. My argument draws on a distinction between physical and agential possibility. Although in a deterministic world only one future sequence of events is physically possible for each state of the world, the more coarsely defined state of an agent (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  2.  62
    Christopher Evan Franklin (2011). Masks, Abilities, and Opportunities: Why the New Dispositionalism Cannot Succeed. Modern Schoolman 88 (1/2):89-103.
    Conditional analyses of ability have been nearly entirely abandoned by philosophers of action as woefully inadequate attempts of analyzing the concept of ability. Recently, however, Vihvelin (2004) and Fara (2008) have appealed to the similarity between dispositions and abilities, as well as recent advances in the metaphysics of dispositions, in order to construct putatively superior conditional analyses of ability. Vihvelin and Fara claim that their revised conditional analyses of ability enable them to show (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  3.  40
    Andrea Guardo (2009). The Argument from Normativity against Dispositional Analyses of Meaning. In Volker A. Munz, Klaus Puhl & Joseph Wang (eds.), Language and World – Papers of the XXXII International Wittgenstein Symposium. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society
    A talk given at the XXXII International Wittgenstein Symposium. In his well-known essay on Wittgenstein, Saul Kripke maintains that dispositional analyses of meaning cannot work mainly because whereas the concept of disposition is descriptive, that of meaning is normative. Unfortunately, neither Kripke nor his followers have ever spelled out this "argument from normativity" in full detail. As a result, the argument does not have good press. This paper offers an explicit version of the argument. (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  4.  2
    Philip Brickman & Scott M. Pierce (1972). Estimates of Conditional Probabilities of Confirming Versus Disconfirming Events as a Function of Inference Situation and Prior Evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):235.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  5. Juhani Yli-Vakkuri (2010). Conditional and Habitual Analyses of Disposition Ascriptions. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):624-630.
    Michael Fara's ‘habitual analysis’ of disposition ascriptions is equivalent to a kind of ceteris paribus conditional analysis which has no evident advantage over Martin's well known and simpler analysis. I describe an unsatisfactory hypothetical response to Martin's challenge, which is lacking in just the same respect as the analysis considered by Martin; Fara's habitual analysis is equivalent to this hypothetical analysis. The feature of the habitual analysis that is responsible for this cannot be harmlessly excised, for the resulting analysis (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Ann Whittle (2010). Dispositional Abilities. Philosophers' Imprint 10 (12).
    Dispositional compatibilists argue that a proper understanding of our abilities vindicates both compatibilism and the principle of Alternate Possibilities (the claim that the ability to do otherwise is required for freedom and moral responsibility). In this paper, I argue that this is mistaken. Both analyses of dispositions and abilities should distinguish between local and global dispositions or abilities. Once this distinction is in place, we see that neither thesis is established by an analysis of (...). (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  7.  6
    Greg Davis & Jon Driver (1998). The Functional Effects of Modal Versus Amodal Filling-In. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):752-753.
    Comparisons between modally and amodally completed regions show that perceptual filling-in is not merely the ignoring of absences. Illusory filled-in colour arises for modal completion, but not for amodal completion in comparable displays. We find that attention spreads automatically to modally but not amodally completed regions from their inducers, revealing a functional effect of filled-in colour.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  18
    Lieven Decock (2008). The Conceptual Basis of Numerical Abilities: One-to-One Correspondence Versus the Successor Relation. Philosophical Psychology 21 (4):459 – 473.
    In recent years, neologicists have demonstrated that Hume's principle, based on the one-to-one correspondence relation, suffices to construct the natural numbers. This formal work is shown to be relevant for empirical research on mathematical cognition. I give a hypothetical account of how nonnumerate societies may acquire arithmetical knowledge on the basis of the one-to-one correspondence relation only, whereby the acquisition of number concepts need not rely on enumeration (the stable-order principle). The existing empirical data on the role of the one-to-one (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  9.  43
    Teddy Seidenfeld (2001). Remarks on the Theory of Conditional Probability: Some Issues of Finite Versus Countable Additivity. In Vincent F. Hendricks, Stig Andur Pederson & Klaus Frovin Jørgensen (eds.), Probability Theory: Philosophy, Recent History and Relations to Science. Synthese Library, Kluwer
    This paper discusses some differences between the received theory of regular conditional distributions, which is the countably additive theory of conditional probability, and a rival theory of conditional probability using the theory of finitely additive probability. The focus of the paper is maximally "improper" conditional probability distributions, where the received theory requires, in effect, that P{a: P = 0} = 1. This work builds upon the results of Blackwell and Dubins.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  10.  20
    Manuel Perez Otero (1996). Verdad Necesaria Versus Teorema de Lógica Modal (Necessary Truth Versus Theorem of Modal Logic). Theoria 11 (1):185-201.
    En este artículo discuto el supuesto compromiso de la lógica modal cuantificada con el esencialismo. Entre otros argumentos, Quine, el más emblemático de los críticos de la modalidad, ha objetado a la lógica modal cuantificada que ésta se compromete con una doctrina filosófica usualmente considerada sospechosa, el esencialismo: la concepción que distingue, de entre los atributos de una cosa, aquellos que le son esenciales de otros poseidos sólo contingentemente. Examino en qué medida Quine puede tener razón sobre ese (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  31
    Teddy Seidenfeld, Remarks on the Theory of Conditional Probability: Some Issues of Finite Versus Countable Additivity.
    This paper (based on joint work with M.J.Schervish and J.B.Kadane) discusses some differences between the received theory of regular conditional distributions, which is the countably additive theory of conditional probability, and a rival theory of conditional probability using the theory of finitely additive probability. The focus of the paper is maximally "improper" conditional probability distributions, where the received theory requires, in effect, that P{a: P(a|a) = 0} = 1. This work builds upon the results of Blackwell (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  12.  4
    Miguel López Astorga (2012). Methodological problems in research on intellectual abilities on the autism spectrum: the case of conditional perfection. Alpha (Osorno) 34 (34):117-132.
    Recientemente, son muchos los trabajos que han aparecido en el área de la psicología y de la ciencia cognitiva con el propósito de analizar las maneras de razonar y las capacidades intelectuales de sujetos diagnosticados como autistas. Tal es el caso de una investigación de McKenzie, Evans y Handley. Nosotros revisamos en este trabajo su investigación y sostenemos que contiene problemas metodológicos. Así, tratamos de mostrar cuáles son dichos problemas y proponemos la estructura que, a nuestro juicio, deberían tener experimentos (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  7
    Karl Halvor Teigen (2000). Intuitive Versus Analytic Abilities: The Case of Words Versus Numbers. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):698-699.
    The distinction between abstract (rule-based) and contextual (intuitive) thinking is illustrated by studies of numeric versus linguistic expressions of probability. Verbal probabilities are believed to reflect intuitions that can be adaptive and occasionally normative (e.g., counteracting conjunction errors). Stanovich & West's interpretation of analytic thinking in terms of ability suggests a complementary ability perspective on intuitive thinking.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  18
    Jeffrey C. King (2000). On the Possibility of Correct Apparently Circular Dispositional Analyses. Philosophical Studies 98 (3):257-278.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  15. Bernard Berofsky (2011). Compatibilism Without Frankfurt: Dispositional Analyses of Free Will. In Robert Kane (ed.), Handbook of Free Will, 2nd Ed.
  16.  1
    Madeleine Lemieux & Georges Bordage (1992). Propositional Versus Structural Semantic Analyses of Medical Diagnostic Thinking. Cognitive Science 16 (2):185-204.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  17.  11
    J. C. D'Alessio (1972). Austin on Nowell-Smith's Conditional Analyses of `Could Have' and `Can'. Mind 81 (322):260-264.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. C. King Jeffrey (2000). On the Possibility of Correct Apparently Circular Dispositional Analyses. Philosophical Studies 98 (3).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  16
    David Butcher (1983). An Incompatible Pair of Subjunctive Conditional Modal Axioms. Philosophical Studies 44 (1):71 - 110.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  20. Lennart Åqvist (1971). The Completeness of Some Modal Logics with Circumstantials, Subjunctive Conditionals, Transworld Identity and Dispositional Predicates. [Uppsala,Uppsala Universitet].
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Lennart Åqvist (1971). The Completeness of Some Modal Logics with Circumstantials, Subjunctive Conditionals, Transworld Identity and Dispositional Predicates a Study in the Prolegomena to the Logic of Science. Uppsala Universitet].
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Gregor Damschen (2009). Dispositional Knowledge-How Versus Propositional Knowledge-That. In Gregor Damschen, Robert Schnepf & Karsten Stueber (eds.), Debating Dispositions. Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. De Gruyter
    The paper deals with the question of the structure of knowledge and the precise relationship between propositional "knowledge that" and dispositional "knowledge how." In the first part of my essay, I provide an analysis of the term 'knowing how' and argue that the usual alternatives in the recent epistemological debate – knowing how is either a form of propositional or dispositional knowledge – are misleading. In fact it depends on the semantic and pragmatic context of the usage of (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Joseph Levine (2010). The Q Factor: Modal Rationalism Versus Modal Autonomism. Philosophical Review 119 (3):365-380.
    Type-B materialists (to use David Chalmers's jargon) claim that though zombies are conceivable, they are not metaphysically possible. This article calls this position regarding the relation between metaphysical and epistemic modality “modal autonomism,” as opposed to the “modal rationalism” endorsed by David Chalmers and Frank Jackson, who insist on a deep link between the two forms of modality. This article argues that the defense of modal rationalism presented in Chalmers and Jackson (2001) begs the question against the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  24.  6
    Douglas J. Wulf (2009). Two New Challenges for the Modal Account of the Progressive. Natural Language Semantics 17 (3):205-218.
    The progressive in English appears to be inherently modal, due to what Dowty (Word meaning and Montague grammar: The semantics of verbs and times in generative semantics and in Montague’s PTQ, 1979) terms the imperfective paradox. In truth-conditional accounts, the literal truth of a clause with the modal progressive hinges on the possibility of the described outcome. The clause’s truth under such accounts has also been tacitly assumed to describe its felicitous use. Two challenges for this strategy (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  25.  38
    Vassilios Livanios (2008). Bird and the Dispositional Essentialist Account of Spatiotemporal Relations. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (2):383 - 394.
    The basic principles of dispositional essentialism do not require that the fundamental spatiotemporal relations are dispositional in nature. Nevertheless, Bird (who defends dispositional monism) argues that they possess dispositional essences in virtue of the fact that the obtaining of these relations can be characterised by the satisfaction of a certain counterfactual. In this paper I argue that his suggestion fails, and so, despite his attempt, the case of the spatiotemporal relations remains the ‘big bad bug’ for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  26. Tuomas E. Tahko (2015). The Modal Status of Laws: In Defence of a Hybrid View. Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):509-528.
    Three popular views regarding the modal status of the laws of nature are discussed: Humean Supervenience, nomic necessitation, and scientific/dispositional essentialism. These views are examined especially with regard to their take on the apparent modal force of laws and their ability to explain that modal force. It will be suggested that none of the three views, at least in their strongest form, can be maintained if some laws are metaphysically necessary, but others are metaphysically contingent. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. David Yates (2013). The Essence of Dispositional Essentialism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (1):93-128.
    Dispositional essentialists argue that physical properties have their causal roles essentially. This is typically taken to mean that physical properties are identical to dispositions. I argue that this is untenable, and that we must instead say that properties bestow dispositions. I explore what it is for a property to have such a role essentially. Dispositional essentialists argue for their view by citing certain epistemological and metaphysical implications, and I appeal to these implications to place desiderata on the concept (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  49
    C. Pizzi & T. Williamson (2005). Conditional Excluded Middle in Systems of Consequential Implication. Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (4):333 - 362.
    It is natural to ask under what conditions negating a conditional is equivalent to negating its consequent. Given a bivalent background logic, this is equivalent to asking about the conjunction of Conditional Excluded Middle (CEM, opposite conditionals are not both false) and Weak Boethius' Thesis (WBT, opposite conditionals are not both true). In the system CI.0 of consequential implication, which is intertranslatable with the modal logic KT, WBT is a theorem, so it is natural to ask which (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  29. Andrea Borghini & Neil E. Williams (2008). A Dispositional Theory of Possibility. Dialectica 62 (1):21–41.
    – The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world—this one—and that all genuine possibilities are anchored by the dispositions exemplified in this world. This is the case regardless of whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  30. Rani Lill Anjum, Johan Arnt Myrstad & Stephen Mumford, Conditional Probability From an Ontological Point of View.
    This paper argues that the technical notion of conditional probability, as given by the ratio analysis, is unsuitable for dealing with our pretheoretical and intuitive understanding of both conditionality and probability. This is an ontological account of conditionals that include an irreducible dispositional connection between the antecedent and consequent conditions and where the conditional has to be treated as an indivisible whole rather than compositional. The relevant type of conditionality is found in some well-defined group of (...) statements. As an alternative, therefore, we briefly offer grounds for what we would call an ontological reading: for both conditionality and conditional probability in general. It is not offered as a fully developed theory of conditionality but can be used, we claim, to explain why calculations according to the RATIO scheme does not coincide with our intuitive notion of conditional probability. What it shows us is that for an understanding of the whole range of conditionals we will need what John Heil (2003), in response to Quine (1953), calls an ontological point of view. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  13
    J. Huitink (2012). Modal Concord: A Case Study of Dutch. Journal of Semantics 29 (3):403-437.
    The combination of a modal verb and a modal adverb as may perhaps or must certainly may receive a concord interpretation, where the two modals communicate just a single modality. The present article uncovers the main restrictions on modal concord, concentrating on the way it is exemplified in Dutch, and surveys the recent literature on modal concord. Three possible analyses will be critically compared. The first is a syntactic analysis in terms of agreement, the second (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  86
    Benjamin Smart (2014). On the Classification of Diseases. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (4):251-269.
    Identifying the necessary and sufficient conditions for individuating and classifying diseases is a matter of great importance in the fields of law, ethics, epidemiology, and of course, medicine. In this paper, I first propose a means of achieving this goal, ensuring that no two distinct disease-types could correctly be ascribed to the same disease-token. I then posit a metaphysical ontology of diseases—that is, I give an account of what a disease is. This is essential to providing the most effective means (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  65
    Simon Burgess (2012). Newcomb's Problem and its Conditional Evidence: A Common Cause of Confusion. Synthese 184 (3):319-339.
    This paper aims to make three contributions to decision theory. First there is the hope that it will help to re-establish the legitimacy of the problem, pace various recent analyses provided by Maitzen and Wilson, Slezak and Priest. Second, after pointing out that analyses of the problem have generally relied upon evidence that is conditional on the taking of one particular option, this paper argues that certain assumptions implicit in those analyses are subtly flawed. As a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  21
    Tommaso Flaminio (2007). NP-Containment for the Coherence Test of Assessments of Conditional Probability: A Fuzzy Logical Approach. [REVIEW] Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (3-4):301-319.
    In this paper we investigate the problem of testing the coherence of an assessment of conditional probability following a purely logical setting. In particular we will prove that the coherence of an assessment of conditional probability χ can be characterized by means of the logical consistency of a suitable theory T χ defined on the modal-fuzzy logic FP k (RŁΔ) built up over the many-valued logic RŁΔ. Such modal-fuzzy logic was previously introduced in Flaminio (Lecture Notes (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  6
    K. Schulz (2014). Fake Tense in Conditional Sentences: A Modal Approach. Natural Language Semantics 22 (2):117-144.
    Many languages allow for “fake” uses of their past tense marker: the marker: can occur in certain contexts without conveying temporal pastness. Instead it appears to bear a modal meaning. Iatridou :231–270, 2000) has dubbed this phenomenon Fake Tense. Fake Tense is particularly common to conditional constructions. This paper analyzes Fake Tense in English conditional sentences as a certain kind of ambiguity: the past tense morphology can mark the presence of a temporal operator, but it can also (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. Chad Vance (forthcoming). Modal Truthmakers, Truth Conditions, and Analyses: Or, How to Avoid the Humphrey Objection. Acta Analytica.
    Truthmakers, truth conditions, and analyses are closely related, but distinct in rather important ways. A failure to properly appreciate their differences has led to some confusion regarding the role that possible worlds ought to play with respect to modality. Those philosophers who initially proposed the existence of possible worlds were understood as providing an analysis of modality. More recently, many have interpreted them as providing modal truthmakers. But, possible worlds are (at best) only suited to serve as truth (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  6
    Neil E. Williams Andrea Borghini (2008). A Dispositional Theory of Possibility. Dialectica 62 (1):21-41.
    The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world – this one – and that all genuine possibilities are grounded in the dispositions exemplified in it. This is the case whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38.  10
    Woojin Han (2008). The Conditional Analysis of Phenomenal Concepts. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:77-84.
    John Hawthorne (2002), David Braddon-Mitchell (2003), and Robert Stalnaker (2002), almost simultaneously but independently, developed a physicalistic argument which depends on such two conditional analyses: (1) If we experience dualistic pain, zombies are possible; (2) If our world is physicalistic, zombies are impossible. Hawthorne assumes that only an oracle will tell us which conditional is the case. From this setting, he concludes that zombies are conceivable butimpossible. I first show that Hawthorne actually fails in deriving neither the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  1
    Craig T. Nagoshi & Ronald C. Johnson (2005). Socioeconomic Status Does Not Moderate the Familiality of Cognitive Abilities in the Hawaii Family Study of Cognition. Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (6):773-781.
    Data from 949 families of Caucasian and 400 families of Japanese ancestry who took part in the Hawaii Family Study of Cognition were used to ascertain the associations of parental cognitive ability, parental education and paternal occupation with offspring cognitive ability. In particular, analyses were focused on testing the possible moderating effects of parental socioeconomic status on the familial transmission of cognitive abilities. Parental cognitive ability was substantially associated and parental education and paternal occupation only trivially associated with (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Stephen E. Radecki & Linda J. Beckman (1992). Determinants of Child-Bearing Intentions of Low-Income Women: Attitudes Versus Life Circumstances. Journal of Biosocial Science 24 (2):157-166.
    Surveys of low-income women in Los Angeles County in 1985 and 1986 were used to examine the relative impact of child-bearing motivations versus life circumstances on the intention to have a child. Future child-bearing intentions are strongly related to current parity level regardless of marital status, race/ethnicity or economic status. Psychological motivating factors predict child-bearing intentions of nulliparous women, but not those of parous women. Multivariate analyses showed that motivation for parenthood and life circumstances combined predicted women's child-bearing (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  79
    Harold W. Noonan (2014). The Adequacy of Genuine Modal Realism. Mind 123 (491):851-860.
    What are the requirements on an adequate genuine modal realist analysis of modal discourse? One is material adequacy: the modal realist must provide for each candidate analysandum an analysans in the language of counterpart theory which by his lights has the same truth value as the candidate analysandum. Must the material biconditional joining these be necessarily true? This is the requirement of strict adequacy. It is not satisfied if Lewis’s 1968 scheme provides the analysis. John Divers puts (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  28
    Thomas Müller (2002). Branching Space-Time, Modal Logic and the Counterfactual Conditional. In T. Placek & J. Butterfield (eds.), Non-Locality and Modality. Kluwer 273--291.
    The paper gives a physicist's view on the framework of branching space-time, 385--434). Branching models are constructed from physical state assignments. The models are then employed to give a formal semantics for the modal operators ``possibly'' and ``necessarily'' and for the counterfactual conditional. The resulting formal language can be used to analyze quantum correlation experiments. As an application sketch, Stapp's premises LOC1 and LOC2 from his purported proof of non-locality, 300--304) are analyzed.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  43.  16
    Conor O'Leary & Gladies Pangemanan (2007). The Effect of Groupwork on Ethical Decision-Making of Accountancy Students. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):215 - 228.
    Recent accounting scandals involving the collapse of large corporate firms have brought into question the adequacy of ethics education within accounting programs. This paper investigates the ethical decisions of accountancy students and in particular analyses the effect of group (as opposed to individual) decision-making on ethical decisions. Final year accountancy students (sample size of 165) were randomly allocated into two experimental conditions. The participants were then presented with five (5) ethical vignettes. One experimental condition involved completing the ethical decisions (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  44.  46
    Ferenc Huoranszki (2011). Freedom of the Will: A Conditional Analysis. Routledge.
    Free will and powers -- Powers and possibilities -- Agency and responsibility -- The conditional analysis of free will -- Abilities and control -- Free will and reasons -- Intelligibility -- Rationality -- Spontaneity -- The determination of the self -- Some concluding remarks on autonomy and free will.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  45.  17
    Conor O’Leary & Gladies Pangemanan (2007). The Effect of Groupwork on Ethical Decision-Making of Accountancy Students. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):215 - 228.
    Recent accounting scandals involving the collapse of large corporate firms have brought into question the adequacy of ethics education within accounting programs. This paper investigates the ethical decisions of accountancy students and in particular analyses the effect of group (as opposed to individual) decision-making on ethical decisions. Final year accountancy students (sample size of 165) were randomly allocated into two experimental conditions. The participants were then presented with five (5) ethical vignettes. One experimental condition involved completing the ethical decisions (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  46.  28
    Chad Vance (2014). Dispositional Modal Truthmakers and the Necessary Origin. Philosophia 42 (4):1111-1127.
    Several philosophers have recently suggested that truths about unactualized metaphysical possibilities are true in virtue of the existence of actual objects and their dispositional properties. For example, on this view, it is true that unicorns are metaphysically possible only if some actual object has (or had) the disposition to bring it about that there are unicorns. This view, a dispositionalist version of what has recently been dubbed “The New Actualism,” is a proposal about the nature of modal truthmakers. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  44
    Christopher S. I. Mccurdy (1996). Humphrey's Paradox and the Interpretation of Inverse Conditional Propensities. Synthese 108 (1):105 - 125.
    The aim of this paper is to distinguish between, and examine, three issues surrounding Humphreys's paradox and interpretation of conditional propensities. The first issue involves the controversy over the interpretation of inverse conditional propensities — conditional propensities in which the conditioned event occurs before the conditioning event. The second issue is the consistency of the dispositional nature of the propensity interpretation and the inversion theorems of the probability calculus, where an inversion theorem is any theorem of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48.  31
    Marco J. Nathan (2015). A Simulacrum Account of Dispositional Properties. Noûs 49 (2):253-274.
    This essay presents a model-theoretic account of dispositional properties, according to which dispositions are not ordinary properties of real entities; dispositions capture the behavior of abstract, idealized models. This account has several payoffs. First, it saves the simple conditional analysis of dispositions. Second, it preserves the general connection between dispositions and regularities, despite the fact that some dispositions are not grounded in actual regularities. Finally, it brings together the analysis and the explanation of dispositions under a unified framework.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49.  10
    Anna Marmodoro (2015). Dispositional Modality Vis‐À‐Vis Conditional Necessity. Philosophical Investigations 39 (2).
    There is an ongoing debate in the metaphysics of dispositions regarding which type of modality governs their manifestation. This paper assumes as its default position the view that dispositions manifest by conditional necessity; that is, when in appropriate circumstances dispositions manifest necessarily. From this standpoint, the paper engages critically with an existing alternative in the literature, put forward most prominently by Mumford and Anjum, and known as dispositional modality. According to this latter view, even when in appropriate manifestation (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Eugen Andreansky (2009). The Fortunes of Modal Realism. Filozofia 64 (6):535-544.
    There are several difficulties in understanding the concept of modal realism in our philosophical context. The author shows various types of modal realism as a theory. The analyses of the main theories of modal worlds and modal individuals show the problems of identity and identification as the fundamental questions. One of the key problems is the place of individuals in modals worlds.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000