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Ernest Nagel [157]Thomas Nagel [76]Jennifer Nagel [27]Mechthild Nagel [20]
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Profile: Jennifer Nagel (University of Toronto)
Profile: Mechthild Nagel (State University of New York (SUNY))
Profile: Mechthild Nagel (State University of New York (SUNY))
Profile: Alexandra Nagel (Leiden University)
  1. Manfred Nagel (unknown). Sheet 10f 2. Hermes 57:163.
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  2. Thomas Nagel, Agent-Relativity and Deontology.
    In this chapter I want to take up some of the problems that must be faced by any defender of the objectivity of ethics who wishes to make sense of the actual complexity of the subject. The treatment will be general and very incomplete. Essentially I shall discuss some examples in order to suggest that the enterprise is not hopeless.
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  3. Jennifer Nagel (forthcoming). Knowledge and Reliability. In Hilary Kornblith & Brian McLaughlin (eds.), Alvin Goldman and his Critics. Blackwell.
    Internalists have criticised reliabilism for overlooking the importance of the subject's point of view in the generation of knowledge. This paper argues that there is a troubling ambiguity in the intuitive examples that internalists have used to make their case, and on either way of resolving this ambiguity, reliabilism is untouched. However, the argument used to defend reliabilism against the internalist cases could also be used to defend a more radical form of externalism in epistemology.
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  4. Jennifer Nagel (forthcoming). Sensitive Knowledge: Locke on Sensation and Skepticism. In Matthew Stuart (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Locke. Blackwell.
    In the Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Locke insists that all knowledge consists in perception of the agreement or disagreement of ideas. However, he also insists that knowledge extends to outer reality, claiming that perception yields ‘sensitive knowledge’ of the existence of outer objects. Some scholars have argued that Locke did not really mean to restrict knowledge to perceptions of relations within the realm of ideas; others have argued that sensitive knowledge is not strictly speaking a form of knowledge for Locke. (...)
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  5. Jennifer Nagel (forthcoming). The Meanings of Metacognition. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Noetic feelings, like the feeling of certainty and the tip-of-the-tongue state, have an interesting place in our cognitive economy. Joelle Proust’s account of these feelings emphasizes the procedural guidance they supply, while arguing that this guidance does not depend on any conceptual ability to attribute mental states. I argue that she has made a strong case for their procedural value but hasn’t conclusively shown that they work in a way that is independent of our capacities for mental state attribution.
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  6. Jennifer Nagel (forthcoming). The Social Value of Reasoning. Episteme.
    When and why does it matter whether we can give an explicit justification for what we believe? This paper examines these questions in the light of recent empirical work on the social functions served by our capacity to reason, in particular, Mercier and Sperber’s argumentative theory of reasoning.
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  7. Jennifer Nagel & Kaija Mortensen (forthcoming). Armchair-Friendly Experimental Philosophy. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell.
    Once symbolized by a burning armchair, experimental philosophy has in recent years shifted away from its original hostility to traditional methods. Starting with a brief historical review of the experimentalist challenge to traditional philosophical practice, this chapter looks at research undercutting that challenge, and at ways in which experimental work has evolved to complement and strengthen traditional approaches to philosophical questions.
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  8. Silvia Nagel (forthcoming). Antropologia e Medicina nei Problemata di Pietro Hispano. Medioevo.
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  9. Silvia Nagel (forthcoming). Scienze De rebus e discipline De vocibus nella tradizione delle classificazioni del sapere. Medioevo.
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  10. Thomas Nagel (forthcoming). What Makes a Political Theory Utopian? Social Research.
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  11. Thomas Nagel & Brenda Almond (forthcoming). Editor's Booknotes. Cogito.
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  12. Kenneth Boyd & Jennifer Nagel (2014). The Reliability of Epistemic Intuitions. In Edouard Machery & O'Neill Elizabeth (eds.), Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy. Routledge. 109-127.
  13. Jennifer Nagel (2014). Intuition, Reflection, and the Command of Knowledge. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):219-241.
    Action is not always guided by conscious deliberation; in many circumstances, we act intuitively rather than reflectively. Tamar Gendler (2014) contends that because intuitively guided action can lead us away from our reflective commitments, it limits the power of knowledge to guide action. While I agree that intuition can diverge from reflection, I argue that this divergence does not constitute a restriction on the power of knowledge. After explaining my view of the contrast between intuitive and reflective thinking, this paper (...)
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  14. Laszlo Kalmar, Janos Suranyi, W. V. Quine, Ernest Nagel, George Dw Berry, George W. Brown, Th Skolem, Evert W. Beth, Max Black & H. E. Vaughan (2013). The Journal of Symbolic Logic Publishes Original Scholarly Work in Symbolic Logic. Founded in 1936, It has Become the Leading Research Journal in the Field. The Journal Aims to Represent Logic Broadly, Including its Connections with Mathematics and Philosophy as Well as Newer Aspects Related to Computer Science and Linguistics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 102 (104).
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  15. Peter König, Niklas Wilming, Kai Kaspar, Saskia K. Nagel & Selim Onat (2013). Predictions in the Light of Your Own Action Repertoire as a General Computational Principle. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):219-220.
    We argue that brains generate predictions only within the constraints of the action repertoire. This makes the computational complexity tractable and fosters a step-by-step parallel development of sensory and motor systems. Hence, it is more of a benefit than a literal constraint and may serve as a universal normative principle to understand sensorimotor coupling and interactions with the world.
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  16. Leopold Lowenheim, S. C. Kleene, Paul Bernays, Saunders MacLane, Ernest Nagel, Albert Wohlstetter, J. C. C. McKinsey, Charles A. Baylis, Carl G. Hempel & C. H. Langford (2013). The Journal of Symbolic Logic Publishes Original Scholarly Work in Symbolic Logic. Founded in 1936, It has Become the Leading Research Journal in the Field. The Journal Aims to Represent Logic Broadly, Including its Connections with Mathematics and Philosophy as Well as Newer Aspects Related to Computer Science and Linguistics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (44).
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  17. Jennifer Nagel (2013). Defending the Evidential Value of Epistemic Intuitions: A Reply to Stich. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (1):179-199.
    Do epistemic intuitions tell us anything about knowledge? Stich has argued that we respond to cases according to our contingent cultural programming, and not in a manner that tends to reveal anything significant about knowledge itself. I’ve argued that a cross-culturally universal capacity for mindreading produces the intuitive sense that the subject of a case has or lacks knowledge. This paper responds to Stich’s charge that mindreading is cross-culturally varied in a way that will strip epistemic intuitions of their evidential (...)
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  18. Jennifer Nagel (2013). Knowledge as a Mental State. Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4:275-310.
    In the philosophical literature on mental states, the paradigmatic examples of mental states are beliefs, desires, intentions, and phenomenal states such as being in pain. The corresponding list in the psychological literature on mental state attribution includes one further member: the state of knowledge. This article examines the reasons why developmental, comparative and social psychologists have classified knowledge as a mental state, while most recent philosophers--with the notable exception of Timothy Williamson-- have not. The disagreement is traced back to a (...)
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  19. Jennifer Nagel (2013). Motivating Williamson's Model Gettier Cases. Inquiry 56 (1):54-62.
    Williamson has a strikingly economical way of showing how justified true belief can fail to constitute knowledge: he models a class of Gettier cases by means of two simple constraints. His constraints can be shown to rely on some unstated assumptions about the relationship between reality and appearance. These assumptions are epistemologically non-trivial but can be defended as plausible idealizations of our actual predicament, in part because they align well with empirical work on the metacognitive dimension of experience.
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  20. Jennifer Nagel, Valerie San Juan & Raymond Mar (2013). Authentic Gettier Cases: A Reply to Starmans and Friedman. Cognition 129 (3):666-669.
    Do laypeople and philosophers differ in their attributions of knowledge? Starmans and Friedman maintain that laypeople differ from philosophers in taking ‘authentic evidence’ Gettier cases to be cases of knowledge. Their reply helpfully clarifies the distinction between ‘authentic evidence’ and ‘apparent evidence’. Using their sharpened presentation of this distinction, we contend that the argument of our original paper still stands.
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  21. Jennifer Nagel, Valerie San Juan & Raymond A. Mar (2013). Lay Denial of Knowledge for Justified True Beliefs. Cognition 129:652-661.
    Intuitively, there is a difference between knowledge and mere belief. Contemporary philosophical work on the nature of this difference has focused on scenarios known as “Gettier cases.” Designed as counterexamples to the classical theory that knowledge is justified true belief, these cases feature agents who arrive at true beliefs in ways which seem reasonable or justified, while nevertheless seeming to lack knowledge. Prior empirical investigation of these cases has raised questions about whether lay people generally share philosophers’ intuitions about these (...)
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  22. Saskia K. Nagel & Peter B. Reiner (2013). Autonomy Support to Foster Individuals' Flourishing. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):36 - 37.
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  23. Andreas Sprenger, Monique Friedrich, Matthias Nagel, Christiane S. Ma Schmidt, Steffen Moritz & Rebekka Lencer (2013). Advanced Analysis of Free Visual Exploration Patterns in Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    Background: Visual scanpath analyses provide important information about attention allocation and attention shifting during visual exploration of social situations. This study investigated whether patients with schizophrenia simply show restricted free visual exploration behaviour reflected by reduced saccade frequency and increased fixation duration or whether patients use qualitatively different exploration strategies than healthy controls. Methods: Scanpaths of 32 patients with schizophrenia and age-matched 33 healthy controls were assessed while participants freely explored six photos of daily life situations (20 seconds/photo) evaluated for (...)
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  24. Silke Manuela Kärcher, Sandra Fenzlaff, Daniela Hartmann, Saskia Kathi Nagel & Peter König (2012). Sensory Augmentation for the Blind. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:37-37.
    Enacted theories of consciousness conjecture that perception and cognition arise from an active experience of the regular relations that are tying together the sensory stimulation of different modalities and associated motor actions. Previous experiments investigated this concept by employing the technique of sensory substitution. Building on these studies, here we test a set of hypotheses derived from this framework and investigate the utility of sensory augmentation in handicapped people. We provide a late blind subject with a new set of sensorimotor (...)
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  25. Chris Nagel (2012). Phenomenology Without “the Body”? Studia Phaenomenologica 12:17-33.
    French phenomenology focused on “the body” to avoid the supposed transcendental idealism of Husserl’s phenomenology, and to provide an “existential” or “empirical” account of the origin of meaning, as Ricoeur put it. In practice, however, this has implicitly presupposed a Cartesian problematic of the relation between body and mind or “subject.” This is the source of the ultimate frustration of this effort, as well as the persistence of a “mystery” of meaning (to cite Merleau-Ponty and Henry). This essay offers an (...)
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  26. Daniel Nagel, Matthias Rath, Michael Zimmer, Rafael Capurro, Johannes Britz, Thomas Hausmanninger, Michael Nagenborg, Makoto Nakada & Felix Weil (2012). Ethics of Secrecy. Ethics 17:07.
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  27. Jennifer Nagel (2012). Gendler on Alief. [REVIEW] Analysis 72 (4):774-788.
    Contribution to a book symposium on Tamar Gendler's Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology.
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  28. Jennifer Nagel (2012). Intuitions and Experiments: A Defense of the Case Method in Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (3):495-527.
    Many epistemologists use intuitive responses to particular cases as evidence for their theories. Recently, experimental philosophers have challenged the evidential value of intuitions, suggesting that our responses to particular cases are unstable, inconsistent with the responses of the untrained, and swayed by factors such as ethnicity and gender. This paper presents evidence that neither gender nor ethnicity influence epistemic intuitions, and that the standard responses to Gettier cases and the like are widely shared. It argues that epistemic intuitions are produced (...)
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  29. Jennifer Nagel (2012). Mindreading in Gettier Cases and Skeptical Pressure Cases. In Jessica Brown & Mikkel Gerken (eds.), Knowledge Ascriptions. Oxford University Press.
    To what extent should we trust our natural instincts about knowledge? The question has special urgency for epistemologists who want to draw evidential support for their theories from certain intuitive epistemic assessments while discounting others as misleading. This paper focuses on the viability of endorsing the legitimacy of Gettier intuitions while resisting the intuitive pull of skepticism – a combination of moves that most mainstream epistemologists find appealing. Awkwardly enough, the “good” Gettier intuitions and the “bad” skeptical intuitions seem to (...)
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  30. Jennifer Nagel (2012). The Attitude of Knowledge. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (3):678-685.
    Contribution to a symposium on Keith DeRose's The Case for Contextualism, Volume 1.
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  31. Saskia K. Nagel & Hartmut Remmers (2012). Self-Perception and Self-Determination in Surveillance Conditions. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):53-55.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 9, Page 53-55, September 2012.
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  32. Thomas Nagel (2012). Mind and Cosmos. Oxford Up.
    In Mind and Cosmos, Thomas Nagel argues that the widely accepted world view of materialist naturalism is untenable.
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  33. Alex Wiegmann, Yasmina Okan & Jonas Nagel (2012). Order Effects in Moral Judgment. Philosophical Psychology 25 (6):813-836.
    Explaining moral intuitions is one of the hot topics of recent cognitive science. In the present article we focus on a factor that attracted surprisingly little attention so far, namely the temporal order in which moral scenarios are presented. We argue that previous research points to a systematic pattern of order effects that has been overlooked until now: only judgments of actions that are normally regarded as morally acceptable are susceptible to be affected by the order of presentation, and this (...)
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  34. Chris Nagel (2011). Ark of the Possible. Environmental Ethics 33 (4):441-442.
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  35. Daniel Nagel (2011). Beware of the Virtual Doll: ISPs and the Protection of Personal Data of Minors. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 24 (4):411-418.
    Once upon a time, they managed to bring Neverland into the bedrooms; they were seen as the heroes of a new era. However, as heroes always tend to walk a fine line between good and evil, it does not come as a surprise that a decade later the perception has dramatically changed; the fairy tale turned into a nightmare. Are Internet Service Providers (ISPs) no more than data-guzzling monsters that need to be tamed? In November, the European Commission published a (...)
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  36. Jennifer Nagel (2011). The Psychological Basis of the Harman-Vogel Paradox. Philosophers' Imprint 11 (5):1-28.
    Harman’s lottery paradox, generalized by Vogel to a number of other cases, involves a curious pattern of intuitive knowledge ascriptions: certain propositions seem easier to know than various higher-probability propositions that are recognized to follow from them. For example, it seems easier to judge that someone knows his car is now on Avenue A, where he parked it an hour ago, than to judge that he knows that it is not the case that his car has been stolen and driven (...)
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  37. Alexander Nagel & Lorenzo Pericolo (eds.) (2010). Subject as Aporia in Early Modern Art. Ashgate.
     
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  38. Jennifer Nagel (2010). Epistemic Anxiety and Adaptive Invariantism. Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):407-435.
    Do we apply higher epistemic standards to subjects with high stakes? This paper argues that we expect different outward behavior from high-stakes subjects—for example, we expect them to collect more evidence than their low-stakes counterparts—but not because of any change in epistemic standards. Rather, we naturally expect subjects in any condition to think in a roughly adaptive manner, balancing the expected costs of additional evidence collection against the expected value of gains in accuracy. The paper reviews a body of empirical (...)
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  39. Jennifer Nagel (2010). Knowledge Ascriptions and the Psychological Consequences of Thinking About Error. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (239):286-306.
    Epistemologists generally agree that the stringency of intuitive ascriptions of knowledge is increased when unrealized possibilities ofenor are mentioned. Non-sceptical invanantists (Williamson, Hawthorne) think it a mistake to yield in such cases to the temptation to be more stringent, but they do not deny that we feel it. They contend that the temptation is best explained as the product of a psychological bias known as the availability heuristic. I argue against the availability explanation, and sketch a rival account of what (...)
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  40. Saskia K. Nagel (2010). Too Much of a Good Thing? Enhancement and the Burden of Self-Determination. Neuroethics 3 (2):109-119.
    There is a remedy available for many of our ailments: Psychopharmacology promises to alleviate unsatisfying memory, bad moods, and low self-esteem. Bioethicists have long discussed the ethical implications of enhancement interventions. However, they have not considered relevant evidence from psychology and economics. The growth in autonomy in many areas of life is publicized as progress for the individual. However, the broadening of areas at one’s disposal together with the increasing individualization of value systems leads to situations in which the range (...)
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  41. Thomas Nagel (2010). Secular Philosophy and the Religious Temperament: Essays 2002-2008. Oxford University Press.
    This volume collects recent essays and reviews by Thomas Nagel in three subject areas.
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  42. Morris R. Cohen & Ernest Nagel (2009). Fixing Belief. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  43. Ann Ferguson & Mechthild Nagel (eds.) (2009). Dancing with Iris: The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young. Oxford University Press.
    The essays are organized into topic areas that are of interest to students in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in ethics, feminist theory, and ...
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  44. Ernest Nagel (2009). Does God Exist? In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  45. Ernest Nagel (2009). Science and Common Sense. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  46. Rebecca Nagel (2009). Statius' Horatian Lyrics, Silvae 4.5 and 4. Classical World 102 (2):143-157.
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  47. Thomas Nagel (2009). Free Will. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
  48. Thomas Nagel (2009). Right and Wrong. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  49. Chris Nagel (2008). Merleau-Ponty and Environmental Philosophy. Environmental Ethics 30 (1):111-112.
  50. Irene E. Nagel, Christian Chicherio, Shu-Chen Li, Timo von Oertzen, Thomas Sander, Arno Villringer, Hauke R. Heekeren, Lars Bäckman & Ulman Lindenberger (2008). Human Aging Magnifies Genetic Effects on Executive Functioning and Working Memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2:1-1.
    We demonstrate that common genetic polymorphisms contribute to the increasing heterogeneity of cognitive functioning in old age. We assess two common Val/Met polymorphisms, one affecting the Catechol-O-Methyltransferase (COMT) enzyme, which degrades dopamine (DA) in prefrontal cortex (PFC), and the other influencing the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) protein. In two tasks (Wisconsin Card Sorting and spatial working memory), we find that effects of COMT genotype on cognitive performance are magnified in old age and modulated by BDNF genotype. Older COMT Val homozygotes (...)
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