Search results for 'naturalistic epistemology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Naturalizing Of Epistemology (2002). The Sciences and Epistemology. In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press.score: 150.0
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  2. Mark Weinstein (2008). Three Naturalistic Accounts of the Epistemology of Argument. Informal Logic 26 (1):63-89.score: 78.0
    Three contrasting approaches to the epistemology of argument are presented. Each one is naturalistic, drawing upon successful practices as the basis for epistemological virtue. But each looks at very different sorts of practices and they differ greatly as to the manner with which relevant practices may be described. My own contribution relies on a metamathematical reconstruction of mature science, and as such, is a radical break with the usual approaches within the theory of argument.
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  3. A. Rosenberg (1999). Naturalistic Epistemology for Eliminative Materialists. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):335-358.score: 72.0
    This paper defends and extends Quine’s version of a naturalistic epistemology, and defends it against criticism, especially that offered by Kim, according to which Quine’s naturalism deprives epistemology of its normative role, and indeed of its relevance to psychological states, such as beliefs, whose warrant epistemology aims to assess. I defend Quinean epistemology’s objections to the epistemic pluralism associated with other self-styled naturalistic epistemologies, and show how recent theories in the philosophy of psychology which (...)
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  4. Markus Lammenranta (1998). The Normativity of Naturalistic Epistemology. Philosophia 26 (3-4):337-358.score: 60.0
    Naturalistic epistemology is accused of ruling out the normative element of epistemology. Different naturalistic responses are considered. It is argued that the content of attributions of knowledge is best understood in purely descriptive terms. So their normative force is merely hypothetical. Attributions of justified belief, on the other hand, do have intrinsic normativity. This derives from their role in our first-person deliberation of what to believe. It is suggested that the content of them is best captured (...)
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  5. Richard F. Kitchener (2007). Bertrand Russell's Naturalistic Epistemology. Philosophy 82 (1):115-146.score: 60.0
    Bertrand Russell is widely considered to be one of the founders of analytic philosophy, epistemology, and philosophy of science. Individuals have usually stressed his early philosophical contributions as seminal in this regards. But Russell also had another side–a naturalistic side–leading him towards a naturalistic epistemology and naturalistic philosophy of science of the type Quine later made famous. My goal is to provide an outline of Russell's naturalistic epistemology and the underlying philosophical motivations for (...)
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  6. Richard F. Kitchener (2004). Logical Positivism, Naturalistic Epistemology, and the Foundations of Psychology. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):37 - 54.score: 60.0
    According to the standard account, logical positivism was the philosophical foundation of psychological neo-behaviorism. Smith (1986) has questioned this interpretation, suggesting that neo-behaviorism drew its philosophical inspiration from a different tradition, one more in keeping with naturalistic epistemology. Smith does not deny, however, the traditional interpretation of the philosophy of logical positivism, which sets it apart from naturalistic epistemology. In this article I suggest (following recent historical scholarship) that a more careful reading of the leading figure (...)
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  7. Joungbin Lim (2010). Naturalistic Epistemology, Normativity, and Self. Proceedings of the XXII World Congress of Philosophy 53:171-182.score: 60.0
    In this paper, I criticize naturalized epistemology. To this end, I critically examine several versions of naturalistic epistemology (Quine, Kornblith, and Plantinga). While Quine’s epistemology eschews any kind of normativity not invoked in science, Kornblith’s and Plantinga’s views attempt to explain normativity in the light of descriptivity. I provide an argument against them. The upshot of my argument is that since we are self-conscious beings, we have reflective ability to see what we ought to believe. In (...)
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  8. Richard Boyd (1980). Scientific Realism and Naturalistic Epistemology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:613-662.score: 57.0
    A realistic and dialectical conception of the epistemology of science is advanced according to which the acquisition of instrumental knowledge is parasitic upon the acquisition, by successive approximation, of theoretical knowledge. This conception is extended to provide an epistemological characterization of reference and of natural kinds, and it is integrated into recent naturalistic treatments of knowledge. Implications for several current issues in the philosophy of science are explored.
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  9. Peter Jacco Sas (1999). Plugging the Leaks in Neurath's Ship: A Defense of Naturalistic Epistemology. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (1):131-153.score: 54.0
    This paper examines the question whether foundational epistemology (“FE”) can be replaced by naturalized epistemology (“NE”). First, it argues that Quine's defense of NE is inadequate since it is only based on arguments showing the impossibility of the logical empiricist version of FE rather than on arguments for the impossibility of FE as such. Second, it proposes that a more promising argument for the impossibility of FE can be found in the Münchhausen-trilemma which aims at showing that ultimate (...)
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  10. Evan Fales (1996). Plantinga's Case Against Naturalistic Epistemology. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):432-451.score: 51.0
    In Warrant and Proper Function, Alvin Plantinga claims that metaphysical naturalism, when joined to a naturalized epistemology, is self-undermining. Plantinga argues that naturalists are committed to a neoDarwinian account of our origins, and that the reliability of our cognitive faculties is improbable or unknown relative to that theory. If the theory is true, then we are in no position to know that, whereas theism, if true, underwrites cognitive reliability. I seek to turn the tables on Plantinga, showing that neoDarwinism (...)
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  11. Leila Haaparanta (1999). On the Possibility of Naturalistic and of Pure Epistemology. Synthese 118 (1):31-47.score: 51.0
    This paper deals with two opposite metaphilosophical doctrines concerning the nature of philosophy. More specifically, it is a study of the naturalistic view that philosophical, hence also epistemological, knowledge cannot be distinguished from empirical knowledge, and of the antinaturalistic view that philosophical, hence also epistemological, knowledge, is pure, that is, independent of empirical knowledge and particularly of the special sciences. The conditions of the possibility of naturalistic and of pure epistemology are studied in terms of phenomenological philosophy. (...)
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  12. Chase B. Wrenn, Naturalistic Epistemology. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 51.0
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  13. Jesus Alcolea (2012). Kitcher's Naturalistic Epistemology and Methodology of Mathematics. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):295-326.score: 48.0
    With his book The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge (1983), Ph. Kitcher, that had been doing extensive research in the history of the subject and in the contemporary debates on epistemology, saw clearly the need for a change in philosophy of mathematics. His goal was to replace the dominant, apriorist philosophy of mathematics with an empiricist philosophy. The current philosophies of mathematics all appeared, according to his analysis, not to fit well with how mathematicians actually do mathematics. A shift in (...)
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  14. John Lemos (2003). A Defense of Naturalistic Naturalized Epistemology (Una defensa de la epistemología naturalizada naturalista). Crítica 35 (105):49 - 63.score: 48.0
    Naturalistic naturalized epistemology combines ontological naturalism with naturalized epistemology. Ontological naturalism is the view that nothing exists other than spatio-temporal beings embedded within a space-time framework. Naturalized epistemology is a view about the nature of knowledge characterized by its commitment to externalism and the idea that knowledge consists in beliefs reliably generated by cognitive mechanisms operating in a suitable environment. Alvin Plantinga has provided a much discussed evolutionary biological argument against naturalistic naturalized epistemology. In (...)
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  15. Thomas E. Uebel (1991). Neurath's Programme for Naturalistic Epistemology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (4):623-646.score: 48.0
    I examine the thesis that Otto Neurath anticipated the programme of naturalised epistemology already at the time of the Vienna Circle and consider the relation between Neurath's proposals and those of two contemporary theorists whose research programmes he would thus have broadly anticipated. The thesis is confirmed by reference to Neurath's own writings. The connection between Neurath's programme and the programmes of his two successors considered here, however, is found to be highly indirect in one case and nonexistent in (...)
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  16. Klemens Kappel (2011). Naturalistic Epistemology. In Sven Bernecker & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Epistemology. Routledge. 836--847.score: 48.0
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  17. Hilary Kornblith (2003). 38. Naturalistic Epistemology and its Critics. In Steven Luper (ed.), Essential Knowledge: Readings in Epistemology. Longman. 383.score: 48.0
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  18. Lisa Warenski (2010). "Naturalistic Epistemologies and A Priori Justification&Quot;. In Marcin Milkowski & Konrad Kalmont-Taminski (eds.), Beyond Description: Naturalism and Normativity. College Publications.score: 47.0
    Broadly speaking, a naturalistic approach to epistemology seeks to explain human knowledge – and justification in particular – as a phenomenon in the natural world, in keeping with the tenets of naturalism. Naturalism is typically defined, in part, by a commitment to scientific method as the only legitimate means of attaining knowledge of the natural world. Naturalism is often thought to entail empiricism by virtue of this methodological commitment. However, scientific methods themselves may incorporate a priori elements, so (...)
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  19. Alvin I. Goldman (1999). A Priori Warrant and Naturalistic Epistemology: The Seventh Philosophical Perspectives Lecture. Philosophical Perspectives 13 (s13):1-28.score: 45.0
  20. Tuomas K. Pernu (2009). Is Knowledge a Natural Kind? Philosophical Studies 142 (3):371 - 386.score: 45.0
    The project of treating knowledge as an empirical object of study has gained popularity in recent naturalistic epistemology. It is argued here that the assumption that such an object of study exists is in tension with other central elements of naturalistic philosophy. Two hypotheses are considered. In the first, “knowledge” is hypothesized to refer to mental states causally responsible for the behaviour of cognitive agents. Here, the relational character of truth creates a problem. In the second hypothesis (...)
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  21. Chase Wrenn (2006). Epistemology as Engineering? Theoria 72 (1):60-79.score: 45.0
    According to a common objection to epistemological naturalism, no empirical, scientific theory of knowledge can be normative in the way epistemological theories need to be. In response, such naturalists as W.V. Quine have claimed naturalized epistemology can be normative by emulating engineering disciplines and addressing the relations of causal efficacy between our cognitive means and ends. This paper evaluates that "engineering reply" and finds it a mixed success. Based on consideration of what it might mean to call a theory (...)
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  22. Alvin I. Goldman (1994). Naturalistic Epistemology and Reliabilism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):301-320.score: 45.0
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  23. Richard Fumerton (1994). Skepticism and Naturalistic Epistemology. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):321-340.score: 45.0
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  24. Hilary Kornblith (1995). Naturalistic Epistemology and Its Critics. Philosophical Topics 23 (1):237-255.score: 45.0
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  25. Alvin Goldman (2005). Kornblith's Naturalistic Epistemology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):403–410.score: 45.0
  26. Carolyn R. Morillo (1984). Epistemic Luck, Naturalistic Epistemology and the Ecology of Knowledge or What the Frog Should Have Told Dretske. Philosophical Studies 46 (1):109-129.score: 45.0
  27. Dirk Koppelberg (1996). Was Macht Eine Erkenntnistheorie Naturalistisch? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (1):71 - 90.score: 45.0
    On What Makes an Epistemology Naturalistic. Since the publication of W. V. Quine's classic paper "Epistemology Naturalized" there have been many discussion on the virtues and vices of naturalistic epistemology. Within these discussions not much attention has been paid to a basic question: What makes an epistemology naturalistic? I give an answer by providing a logical geography of competing naturalistic positions. Then I defend naturalistic epistemology against the charge of the (...)
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  28. Alvin Goldman (2005). Review: Kornblith's Naturalistic Epistemology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):403 - 410.score: 45.0
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  29. Ilya Kasavin (2012). To What Extent Could Social Epistemology Accept the Naturalistic Motto? Social Epistemology 26 (3-4):351-364.score: 45.0
    Social epistemology balances neoclassic and nonclassic, normative and descriptive, and veritistic and constructionist approaches. Among these approaches exist two terminologically different though (in fact) similar proposals: naturalization and socialization. Both proposals lead to a kind of interdisciplinary imperialism reducing epistemology to a ?positive science? like sociology of knowledge, social history of science, and science and technology studies. I call this attitude the ?strong version? of naturalism. How, then, can we save epistemology without indulging in purely transcendental contemplations (...)
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  30. Jonathan E. Adler (1987). Exercises in Naturalistic Epistemology. Behaviorism 15 (2):161-164.score: 45.0
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  31. Lm Antony (1987). Naturalized Epistemology and the Study of Language in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:235-257.score: 45.0
     
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  32. P. Artuso (1989). Is Quine Naturalistic Epistemology Plausible. Filosofia 40 (3):255-279.score: 45.0
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  33. Dt Campbell (1987). Neurological Embodiments of Belief and the Gaps in the Fit of Phenomena to Noumena in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:165-192.score: 45.0
     
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  34. T. Derksen (2000). Naturalistic Epistemology, Murder and Suicide? But What About the Promises! Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 70:15-34.score: 45.0
     
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  35. A. Goldman (1995). Naturalistic Epistemology. In Audi Robert (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. 598--599.score: 45.0
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  36. J. Heffner (1987). Causal Relations in Visual Perception in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:193-214.score: 45.0
     
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  37. Cecilia Heyes & David L. Hull (eds.) (2001). Selection Theory and Social Construction: The Evolutionary Naturalistic Epistemology of Donald T. Campbell. State University of New York Press.score: 45.0
    Top scholars examine the work of Donald T. Campbell, one of the first to emphasize the social structure of science.
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  38. Tj Kalikow (1987). Konrad Lorenz as Evolutionary Epistemologist: The Problem of Intentionality in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:113-144.score: 45.0
     
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  39. J. D. Kenyon (1994). EPISTEMOLOGY Inductive Inference and its Natural Ground: An Essay in Naturalistic Epistemology. Philosophical Books 35 (4):262-264.score: 45.0
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  40. H. Komblith (1995). Naturalistic Epistemology and Its Cntics. Philosophical Topics 23:237-55.score: 45.0
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  41. Hilary Kornblith & N. Vassallo (1996). Inductive Inference and its Natural Ground-An Essay in Naturalistic Epistemology. Epistemologia 19 (1):175-176.score: 45.0
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  42. J. Levine (1987). Quine on Psychology in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:259-298.score: 45.0
     
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  43. Wa Rottschaefer (1987). Wilfrid Sellars on the Nature of Thought in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:145-161.score: 45.0
     
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  44. Pt Sagal, A. Shimony & Mw Wartofsky (1987). Criticisms of Naturalistic Epistemology in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:321-377.score: 45.0
     
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  45. A. Shimony (1987). Integral Epistemology in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:299-318.score: 45.0
     
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  46. P. Skagestad (1987). Peirce's Conception of Truth: A Framework for Naturalistic Epistemology in Naturalistic Epistemology: A Symposium of Two Decades. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 100:72-90.score: 45.0
     
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  47. Dimitri Ginev (1992). Beyond the Traditional and Naturalistic Programmes. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 23 (2):213-222.score: 43.0
    Rather than attempting to combine the two meta-methodological programmes for justifying the epistemological study of science, which is the case of Laudan's normative naturalism, this paper aims at presenting a third alternative to the controversy between the traditional normativism and the reductionistic naturalism. The paper is a preliminary move in developing a theory of the autopoietic cognitive organization of science. The underlying assumption of this project calls that science is a self-constructing, self-specifying and homeostatic system. The scrutinizing of these three (...)
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  48. Kristoffer Ahlstrom (2009). Intuitions in Epistemology: Towards a Naturalistic Alternative. Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2):15-34.score: 42.0
    The present paper revisits the main methodological problems with conceptual analysis and considers two attempts to rectify them in terms of prototypes and reflective equilibria, respectively. Finding both wanting for the purposes of epistemological analysis, a naturalistic alternative is then sketched that explores the positive implications of aforementioned problems for the demarcation of the respective roles of intuitions and empirical investigation within three epistemological domains, viz., the evaluation of epistemological hypotheses, the amelioration of epistemic practices, and the construction of (...)
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  49. Michael A. Bishop & J. D. Trout (2008). Strategic Reliabilism: A Naturalistic Approach to Epistemology. Philosophy Compass 3 (5):1049-1065.score: 39.0
    Strategic Reliabilism is a framework that yields relative epistemic evaluations of belief-producing cognitive processes. It is a theory of cognitive excellence, or more colloquially, a theory of reasoning excellence (where 'reasoning' is understood very broadly as any sort of cognitive process for coming to judgments or beliefs). First introduced in our book, Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment (henceforth EPHJ), the basic idea behind SR is that epistemically excellent reasoning is efficient reasoning that leads in a robustly reliable (...)
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