Search results for 'naturalistic fallacy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  32
    Donovan Miyasaki, Nietzsche's Answer to the Naturalistic Fallacy: Life as Condition, Not Criterion, of Morality.
    Nietzsche’s late writings present a value opposition of health and decadence based in his conception of organic life. While this appears to be a moral ideal that risks the naturalistic fallacy of directly deriving norms from facts, it instead describes a meta-ethical ideal: the necessary conditions for any kind of moral agency. Nietzsche’s ideal of health not only evades but also dissolves the naturalistic fallacy by suggesting that the specific content of morality is irrelevant. (...)
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  2. David Sloan Wilson, Eric Dietrich & Anne B. Clark (2003). On the Inappropriate Use of the Naturalistic Fallacy in Evolutionary Psychology. Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):669-81.
    The naturalistic fallacy is mentionedfrequently by evolutionary psychologists as anerroneous way of thinking about the ethicalimplications of evolved behaviors. However,evolutionary psychologists are themselvesconfused about the naturalistic fallacy and useit inappropriately to forestall legitimateethical discussion. We briefly review what thenaturalistic fallacy is and why it is misusedby evolutionary psychologists. Then we attemptto show how the ethical implications of evolvedbehaviors can be discussed constructivelywithout impeding evolutionary psychologicalresearch. A key is to show how ethicalbehaviors, in (...)
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  3. Julia Tanner (2006). The Naturalistic Fallacy. Richmond Journal of Philosophy 13.
    The naturalistic fallacy is a source of much confusion. In what follows I will explain what G. E. Moore meant by the naturalistic fallacy, give modern day examples of it then mention some of the different types of views it has spawned. Finally, I will consider a few criticisms of it.
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  4.  36
    Jonathan Barrett (1991). Really Taking Darwin and the Naturalistic Fallacy Seriously: An Objection to Rottschaefer and Martinsen. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):433-437.
    Out of a concern to respect the naturalistic fallacy, Ruse (1986) argues for the possibility of causal, but not justificatory, explanations of morality in terms of evolutionary processes. In a discussion of Ruse's work, Rottschaefer and Martinsen (1990) claim that he erroneously limits the explanatory scope of evolutionary concepts, because he fails to see that one can have objective moral properties without committing either of two forms of the naturalistic fallacy, if one holds that moral properties (...)
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  5.  39
    William A. Rottschaefer & David Martinsen (1991). The Insufficience of Supervenient Explanations of Moral Actions: Really Taking Darwin and the Naturalistic Fallacy Seriously. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):439-445.
    In a recent paper in this journal (Rottschaefer and Martinsen 1990) we have proposed a view of Darwinian evolutionary metaethics that we believe improves upon Michael Ruse's (e.g., Ruse 1986) proposals by claiming that there are evolutionary based objective moral values and that a Darwinian naturalistic account of the moral good in terms of human fitness can be given that avoids the naturalistic fallacy in both its definitional and derivational forms while providing genuine, even if limited, (...)
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  6.  14
    Oren Harman (2012). Is the Naturalistic Fallacy Dead (and If So, Ought It Be?). Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):557 - 572.
    Much of modern moral philosophy argued that there are is's in this world, and there are oughts, but that the two are entirely independent of one another. What this meant was that morality had nothing to do with man's biological nature, and could not be derived from it. Any such attempt was considered to be a categorical mistake, and plain foolish. Most philosophers still believe this, but a growing group of neonaturalist thinkers are now challenging their assumptions. Here I consider (...)
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  7.  10
    David Sloan-Wilson, Eric Dietrich & Anne Clark (2003). On the Inappropriate Use of the Naturalistic Fallacy in Evolutionary Psychology. Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):669-681.
    The naturalistic fallacy is mentioned frequently by evolutionary psychologists as an erroneous way of thinking about the ethical implications of evolved behaviors. However, evolutionary psychologists are themselves confused about the naturalistic fallacy and use it inappropriately to forestall legitimate ethical discussion. We briefly review what the naturalistic fallacy is and why it is misused by evolutionary psychologists. Then we attempt to show how the ethical implications of evolved behaviors can be discussed (...)
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  8.  9
    Burton frederick Porter (1968). Deity and Morality, with Regard to the Naturalistic Fallacy. London, Allen & Unwin.
    ChapterI THE NATURALISTIC FALLACY AZ THE NATURE OF THE FALLACY The criticism which has since been labelled the naturalistic fallacy was first described by the eighteenth-century empircist David Hume, in a small but celebrated ...
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  9. Erik Angner, Did Hayek Commit the Naturalistic Fallacy?
    In promoting spontaneous orders – orders that evolve in a process of cultural evolution – as “efficient,” “beneficial,” and “advantageous,” Friedrich A. Hayek (1899-1992) has often been attributed the belief that there is something desirable about them. For this reason, he has been accused of committing the naturalistic fallacy, that is, of trying to derive an “ought” from an “is.” It appears that Hayek was..
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  10.  91
    Susana Nuccetelli & Gary Seay, Semantic Naturalism and the New Naturalistic Fallacy.
    More than a century ago, G. E. Moore famously offered an extended inference to reject what are in effect two substantially different types of ethical naturalism. Although some naturalistic doctrines targeted by that inference make semantic claims that, if true, would entail certain metaphysical claims, it is also possible that those semantic doctrines could be false and the metaphysical ones true at the same time. For if semantic naturalism is true, then moral terms and sentences are reducible, by an (...)
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  11.  12
    Lorraine Daston (2014). The Naturalistic Fallacy Is Modern. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 105 (3):579-587.
    The naturalistic fallacy appears to be ubiquitous and irresistible. The avant-garde and the rearguard, the devout and the secular, the learned elite and the lay public all seem to want to enlist nature on their side, everywhere and always. Yet a closer look at the history of the term “naturalistic fallacy” and its associated arguments suggests that this way of understanding appeals to nature’s authority in human affairs is of relatively modern origin. To apply this category (...)
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  12.  58
    Kenneth E. Goodpaster (1985). Business Ethics, Ideology, and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):227 - 232.
    This paper addresses the relationship between theoretical and applied ethics. It directs philosophical attention toward the concept of ideology, conceived as a bridge between high-level principles and decision-making practice. How are we to understand this bridge and how can we avoid the naturalistic fallacy while taking ideology seriously?It is then suggested that the challenge posed by ideology in the arena of organizational ethics is in many ways similar to the challenge posed by developmentalist accounts of moral stages in (...)
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  13.  19
    Andrew J. Kerr (2000). The Possibility of Metaphysics: Environmental Ethics and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Environmental Ethics 22 (1):85-99.
    One of the most distinguishing features of environmental ethics has been the effort to develop a nonanthropocentric intrinsic value theory, that is, a definition of the good which is not dependent upon some quality particular to humanity, a definition of the good whereby properties found in the terrestrial, nonhuman world are constitutive of that definition. In this paper, I argue that major nonanthropocentric theories suffer from arbitrariness. I argue through the use of representative thinkers that much nonathropocentric theory has committed (...)
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  14. Susana Nuccetelli, Is There a Naturalistic Fallacy?
    More than a century ago, G. E. Moore famously offered his own version of nonnaturalism in opposition to what are, in effect, analytic versions of reductive naturalism in ethics. Although Moore himself did not clearly distinguish the analysis of predicates from that of properties, he plainly denied that the evaluative predicate, good , could be analyzed in terms of any purely descriptive predicate, and took this to show that the property of goodness could not be identical to any natural property (...)
     
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  15. John P. Crossley (1978). Theological Ethics and The Naturalistic Fallacy. Journal of Religious Ethics 6 (1):121-134.
    Theological ethics is vulnerable to the charge made by some philosophical ethicists that it frequently commits the "naturalistic fallacy," i.e., that it fallaciously derives duties and obligations from purely descriptive theological premises. Some theological ethicists, acceding to the charge, have contented themselves with an examination of how theological ethics might "influence" or "enrich" ethical propositions based on non-theological foundations. This essay analyzes the current scene in theological ethics and argues that the "naturalistic fallacy" is not the (...)
     
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  16. Burton F. Porter (2013). Deity and Morality: With Regard to the Naturalistic Fallacy. Routledge.
    This book describes the "naturalistic fallacy", as attributed to Hume, that non-moral premises cannot logically entail a moral conclusion, and distinguishes it from the similarly named though subtly different fallacy identified by Moore in Principia Ethica by comparing and contrasting its presence in a range of ethical or moral systems. A review of Hume’s position elicits the implications to theological naturalism, and how this relates to Kierkegaard’s "paradox of faith" and the doctrine of ineffability. Methods of logical (...)
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  17. Burton F. Porter (2016). Deity and Morality: With Regard to the Naturalistic Fallacy. Routledge.
    This book describes the "naturalistic fallacy", as attributed to Hume, that non-moral premises cannot logically entail a moral conclusion, and distinguishes it from the similarly named though subtly different fallacy identified by Moore in Principia Ethica by comparing and contrasting its presence in a range of ethical or moral systems. A review of Hume’s position elicits the implications to theological naturalism, and how this relates to Kierkegaard’s "paradox of faith" and the doctrine of ineffability. Methods of logical (...)
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  18. W. K. Frankena (1939). The Naturalistic Fallacy. Mind 48 (192):464-477.
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  19. Mauro Dorato (2015). The Naturalness of the Naturalistic Fallacy and the Ethics of Nanotechnology. In The Role of Technology in Science: Philosophical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands
    In the first part of this paper, I try to clear the ground from frequent misconceptions about the relationship between fact and value by examining some uses of the adjective “natural” in ethical controversies. Such uses bear evidence to our “natural” tendency to regard nature (considered in a descriptive sense, as the complex of physical and biological regularities) as the source of ethical norms. I then try to account for the origin of this tendency by offering three related explanations, the (...)
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  20.  1
    Daniel Goldberg (2015). The Naturalistic Fallacy in Ethical Discourse on the Social Determinants of Health. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):58-60.
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  21. Julian Dodd & Suzanne Stern-Gillet (1995). The Is/Ought Gap, the Fact/Value Distinction and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Dialogue 34 (04):727-.
  22. George R. Geiger (1949). A Note on the Naturalistic Fallacy. Philosophy of Science 16 (4):336-342.
  23. Glen O. Allen (1970). From the "Naturalistic Fallacy" to the Ideal Observer Theory. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (4):533-549.
  24.  71
    James C. Anderson (1974). A Note on Searle's Naturalistic Fallacy Fallacy. Analysis 34 (4):139 - 141.
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  25.  79
    Hasna Begum (1979). Moore on Goodness and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (3):251 – 265.
  26.  54
    Alan Ryan (1966). Mill and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Mind 75 (299):422-425.
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  27.  42
    Elmer H. Duncan (1970). Has Anyone Committed the Naturalistic Fallacy? Southern Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):49-55.
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  28.  35
    Aurel Kolnai (1980). The Ghost of the Naturalistic Fallacy. Philosophy 55 (211):5 - 16.
    In 1952, having for the first time to give a lecture in Madrid, I said somewhat dejectedly to the able and witty young man entrusted with the tedious task of revising the Spanish of my text that I found my lecture didn't amount to much: it was but a long paraphrase of one single idea. Perhaps I hoped for an enthusiastic protest on his part. But he only offered as solace the terse remark: ‘Well, I have heard many a lecture (...)
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  29.  44
    John Lemos (2000). Darwinian Natural Right and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):119-132.
  30. Massimo Pigliucci (2005). The Naturalistic Fallacy. Free Inquiry 25.
     
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  31.  28
    Darryl F. Wright (1994). Diagnosing the Naturalistic Fallacy:Principia EthicaRevisited. Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (4):465-482.
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  32.  21
    David P. Gauthier (1967). Moore's Naturalistic Fallacy. American Philosophical Quarterly 4 (4):315 - 320.
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  33.  20
    Hasna Begum (1979). Moore on Goodness and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (3):251-265.
  34.  26
    Francis Michael Walsh (2008). The Return of the Naturalistic Fallacy: A Dialogue on Human Flourishing. Heythrop Journal 49 (3):370-387.
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  35.  8
    Glen-O. Allen (1970). From the "Naturalistic Fallacy" to the Ideal Observer Theory. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30:533-549.
    G. E. MOORE'S PROOF THAT 'GOOD' CANNOT BE DEFINED IS THE\nANALOGUE OF HUME'S PROOF THAT THE IDEA OF CAUSE HAS NO\nEMPIRICAL CORRELATE. AS A PROOF, IT CANNOT SUSTAIN ETHICAL\nINTUITIONISM, EMOTIVISM, OR THE VARIOUS MODIFICATIONS OF\nETHICAL NATURALISM WHICH HAVE BEEN MADE TO REST UPON IT.\nHOWEVER, IT DOES SUSTAIN THE THEORY THAT VALUES ARE CAUSES\nOF HUMAN RESPONSES, AND THAT, UNDER A METHODOLOGICAL\nINTERPRETATION OF OBJECTIVITY, VALUES HAVE OBJECTIVE\nCOGNITIVE STATUS AS CAUSES OF RESPONSES IN THE\nCONSCIOUSNESS OF A HYPOTHETICAL BEING, AN IDEAL OBSERVER.
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  36.  17
    Bernard H. Baumrin (1968). Is There a Naturalistic Fallacy? American Philosophical Quarterly 5 (2):79 - 89.
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  37.  15
    G. P. Baker & P. M. Hacker (1966). Rules, Definitions, And The Naturalistic Fallacy. American Philosophical Quarterly 3 (October):299-305.
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  38.  10
    Dennis Rohatyn (1982). Burying Moore's Naturalistic Fallacy. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 56:173-185.
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  39.  10
    James M. Giarelli (1976). Lawrence Kohlberg and G. E. Moore on the Naturalistic Fallacy. Educational Theory 26 (4):348-354.
  40.  15
    Kai Nielsen (1974). Covert and Overt Synonymity: Brandt and Moore and the 'Naturalistic Fallacy'. Philosophical Studies 25 (1):51 - 56.
  41.  3
    Laurens Landeweerd (2004). Normative-Descriptive and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Global Bioethics 17 (1):17-23.
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  42.  6
    James Fieser (1993). Moore, Spencer, and the Naturalistic Fallacy. History of Philosophy Quarterly 10 (3):271 - 276.
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  43.  8
    Philip Mulloch (1971). The Naturalistic Fallacy and Anderson's Systems OM. Philosophical Studies 22 (4):60 - 61.
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  44. Sinion Derpmann, Dominik Düber, Tim Rojek & Konstantin Schnieder (2013). Can Kitcher Avoid the Naturalistic Fallacy? In Marie Kaiser & Ansgar Seide (eds.), Philip Kitcher. Pragmatic Naturalism. Ontos 61.
     
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  45.  1
    Steven Gimbel (2002). Avoiding the Super-Naturalistic Fallacy: Practical Reasoning and the Insightful Undergraduate. Journal of Thought 37 (3).
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  46.  1
    Sandra L. Schneider (2000). An Elitist Naturalistic Fallacy and the Automatic-Controlled Continuum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):695-696.
    Although a focus on individual differences can help resolve issues concerning performance errors and computational complexity, the understanding/acceptance axiom is inadequate for establishing which decision norms are most appropriate. The contribution of experience to automatic and controlled processes suggests difficulties in attributing interactional intelligence to goals of evolutionary rationality and analytic intelligence to goals of instrumental rationality.
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  47. EImer H. Duncan (1970). Has Anyone Committed the Naturalistic Fallacy? Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):40-46.
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  48. Kevin Elliott (2002). Biomedical Ethics, Public-Health Risk Assessment, and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Public Affairs Quarterly 16 (4):351-376.
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  49. Oren Harman (2012). Is the Naturalistic Fallacy Dead. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):557-572.
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  50. Frank Hindriks (2002). Institutional Facts and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Confronting Searle with Searle. Protosociology 16.
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