Search results for 'networks' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Sharon R. Ford (2011). Deriving the Manifestly Qualitative World From a Pure-Power Base: Light-Like Networks. Philosophia Scientiae 15 (3):155-175.score: 24.0
    Seeking to derive the manifestly qualitative world of objects and entities without recourse to fundamental categoricity or qualitativity, I offer an account of how higher-order categorical properties and objects may emerge from a pure-power base. I explore the possibility of ‘fields’ whose fluctuations are force-carrying entities, differentiated with respect to a micro-topology of curled-up spatial dimensions. Since the spacetime paths of gauge bosons have zero ‘spacetime interval’ and no time-like extension, I argue that according them the status of fundamental entities (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Christophe Malaterre (2009). Are Self-Organizing Biochemical Networks Emergent? In Maryvonne Gérin & Marie-Christine Maurel (eds.), Origins of Life: Self-Organization and/or Biological Evolution? EDP Sciences. 117--123.score: 24.0
    Biochemical networks are often called upon to illustrate emergent properties of living systems. In this contribution, I question such emergentist claims by means of theoretical work on genetic regulatory models and random Boolean networks. If the existence of a critical connectivity Kc of such networks has often been coined “emergent” or “irreducible”, I propose on the contrary that the existence of a critical connectivity Kc is indeed mathematically explainable in network theory. This conclusion also applies to many (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Alan Baker (2013). Complexity, Networks, and Non-Uniqueness. Foundations of Science 18 (4):687-705.score: 24.0
    The aim of the paper is to introduce some of the history and key concepts of network science to a philosophical audience, and to highlight a crucial—and often problematic—presumption that underlies the network approach to complex systems. Network scientists often talk of “the structure” of a given complex system or phenomenon, which encourages the view that there is a unique and privileged structure inherent to the system, and that the aim of a network model is to delineate this structure. I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Hanna Krasnova, Oliver Günther, Sarah Spiekermann & Ksenia Koroleva (2009). Privacy Concerns and Identity in Online Social Networks. Identity in the Information Society 2 (1):39-63.score: 24.0
    Driven by privacy-related fears, users of Online Social Networks may start to reduce their network activities. This trend can have a negative impact on network sustainability and its business value. Nevertheless, very little is understood about the privacy-related concerns of users and the impact of those concerns on identity performance. To close this gap, we take a systematic view of user privacy concerns on such platforms. Based on insights from focus groups and an empirical study with 210 subjects, we (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Judith Schrempf (2011). Nokia Siemens Networks: Just Doing Business – or Supporting an Oppressive Regime? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):95-110.score: 24.0
    This case study examines the relevance of taking social and political factors into consideration when a corporation is making a key business decision. In September 2009, Simon Beresford-Wylie, the outgoing CEO of Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN), was reviewing the company’s achievements – while acknowledging the latest public criticism regarding NSN’s business relationship with the Iranian government. In the summer of 2009, NSN was accused of complicity in human rights violations linked to Iran’s presidential election. The company sold network infrastructure (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Lothar Philipps & Giovanni Sartor (1999). Introduction: From Legal Theories to Neural Networks and Fuzzy Reasoning. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):115-128.score: 24.0
    Computational approaches to the law have frequently been characterized as being formalistic implementations of the syllogistic model of legal cognition: using insufficient or contradictory data, making analogies, learning through examples and experiences, applying vague and imprecise standards. We argue that, on the contrary, studies on neural networks and fuzzy reasoning show how AI & law research can go beyond syllogism, and, in doing that, can provide substantial contributions to the law.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Peter Csermely (2009). Weak Links: The Universal Key to the Stability of Networks and Complex Systems. Springer.score: 24.0
    A principle is born: the Granovetter study -- Why do we like networks? -- Network stability -- Weak links as stabilizers of complex systems -- Atoms, molecules, and macromolecules -- Weak links and cellular stability -- Weak links and the stability of organisms -- Social nets -- Networks of human culture -- The global web -- The Ecoweb -- Conclusions and perspectives.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Andreas W. Falkenberg & Joyce Falkenberg (2009). Ethics in International Value Chain Networks: The Case of Telenor in Bangladesh. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):355 - 369.score: 24.0
    What is the responsibility of multinational enterprises in international value chain networks in countries with inadequate institutions? In this article, we present an ethical framework that allows for evaluation of institutions at the macro, mezzo, and micro levels. This framework is used to analyze the case of Telenor in Bangladesh. Telenor is a telecommunications company based in Norway. It is the majority owner (62%) in Grameenphone in Bangladesh. The minority owner is Grameen Telecom, which is part of the Grameen (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. André Sobczak (2003). Codes of Conduct in Subcontracting Networks: A Labour Law Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):225 - 234.score: 24.0
    In the past ten years, many European companies organised into subcontracting networks have decided to adopt codes of conduct to regulate labour relations and to ensure the respect of fundamental social rights. This paper first determines the context and the issues to be addressed by codes of conduct within networks of companies, and second analyses the terms under which they can be implemented. The paper argues that codes of conduct can complement the standards developed by States, the European (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Frédéric Vandermoere & Raf Vanderstraeten (2012). Disciplinary Networks and Bounding: Scientific Communication Between Science and Technology Studies and the History of Science. [REVIEW] Minerva 50 (4):451-470.score: 24.0
    This article examines the communication networks within and between science and technology studies (STS) and the history of science. In particular, journal relatedness data are used to analyze some of the structural features of their disciplinary identities and relationships. The results first show that, although the history of science is more than half a century older than STS, the size of the STS network is more than twice that of the history of science network. Further, while a majority of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Iain A. Davies (2009). Alliances and Networks: Creating Success in the UK Fair Trade Market. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (1):109 - 126.score: 24.0
    Data from a longitudinal study into the key management success factors in the fair trade industry provide insights into the essential nature of inter-organizational alliances and networks in creating the profitable and growing fair trade market in the UK. Drawing on three case studies and extensive industry interviews, we provide an interpretive perspective on the organizational relationships and business networks and the way in which these have engendered success for UK fair trade companies. Three types of benefit are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Neelke Doorn (2010). A Rawlsian Approach to Distribute Responsibilities in Networks. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):221-249.score: 24.0
    Due to their non-hierarchical structure, socio-technical networks are prone to the occurrence of the problem of many hands. In the present paper an approach is introduced in which people’s opinions on responsibility are empirically traced. The approach is based on the Rawlsian concept of Wide Reflective Equilibrium (WRE) in which people’s considered judgments on a case are reflectively weighed against moral principles and background theories, ideally leading to a state of equilibrium. Application of the method to a hypothetical case (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Simone Gittelson, Alex Biedermann, Silvia Bozza & Franco Taroni (2013). Modeling the Forensic Two-Trace Problem with Bayesian Networks. Artificial Intelligence and Law 21 (2):221-252.score: 24.0
    The forensic two-trace problem is a perplexing inference problem introduced by Evett (J Forensic Sci Soc 27:375–381, 1987). Different possible ways of wording the competing pair of propositions (i.e., one proposition advanced by the prosecution and one proposition advanced by the defence) led to different quantifications of the value of the evidence (Meester and Sjerps in Biometrics 59:727–732, 2003). Here, we re-examine this scenario with the aim of clarifying the interrelationships that exist between the different solutions, and in this way, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Daisuke Okamoto (2009). Social Relationship of a Firm and the Csp–Cfp Relationship in Japan: Using Artificial Neural Networks. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):117 - 132.score: 24.0
    As a criterion of a good firm, a lucrative and growing business has been said to be important. Recently, however, high profitability and high growth potential are insufficient for the criteria, because social influences exerted by recent firms have been extremely significant. In this paper, high social relationship is added to the list of the criteria. Empirical corporate social performance versus corporate financial performance (CSP–CFP) relationship studies that consider social relationship are very limited in Japan, and there are no definite (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Philip Brey (1999). Worker Autonomy and the Drama of Digital Networks in Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 22 (1):15 - 25.score: 24.0
    This essay considers the impact of digital networks in organizations on worker autonomy. Worker autonomy, the control that workers have over their own work situation, is claimed in this essay to be a key determinant for the quality of work, as well as an important moral goal. Digital networks pose significant threats to worker autonomy as well as opportunities for its enhancement. In this essay, the notion of worker autonomy is analyzed and evaluated for its importance and moral (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Sarah Jastram (2010). Transnational Norm-Building Networks and the Legitimacy of Corporate Social Responsibility Standards. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):223 - 239.score: 24.0
    In the following article, we propose an analytical framework for the analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Standards based on the paradigmatic nexus of voice and entitlement. We follow the theory of decentration and present the concept of Transnational Norm-Building Networks (TNNs), which — as we argue — comprise a new nexus of voice and entitlement beyond the nation—state level. Furthermore, we apply the analytical framework to the ISO 26000 initiative and the Global Compact. We conclude the article with (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Caterina Marchionni (2013). Playing with Networks: How Economists Explain. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (3):331-352.score: 24.0
    Network theory is applied across the sciences to study phenomena as diverse as the spread of SARS, the topology of the cell, the structure of the Internet and job search behaviour. Underlying the study of networks is graph theory. Whether the graph represents a network of neurons, cells, friends or firms, it displays features that exclusively depend on the mathematical properties of the graph itself. However, the way in which graph theory is implemented to the modelling of networks (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Heidrun Åm (2011). Trust as Glue in Nanotechnology Governance Networks. NanoEthics 5 (1):115-128.score: 24.0
    This paper reflects on the change of relations among participants in nanotechnology governance through their participation in governance processes such as stakeholder dialogues. I show that policymaking in practice—that is, the practice of coming and working together in such stakeholder dialogues—has the potential for two-fold performative effects: it can contribute to the development of trust and mutual responsibility on the part of the involved actors, and it may bring about effects on the formation of boundaries of what is sayable and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Paul Skokowski (2007). Networks with Attitudes. Artificial Intelligence and Society 22 (3):461-470.score: 24.0
    Does connectionism spell doom for folk psychology? I examine the proposal that cognitive representational states such as beliefs can play no role if connectionist models - - interpreted as radical new cognitive theories -- take hold and replace other cognitive theories. Though I accept that connectionist theories are radical theories that shed light on cognition, I reject the conclusion that neural networks do not represent. Indeed, I argue that neural networks may actually give us a better working notion (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Sonja Grabner-Kräuter (2009). Web 2.0 Social Networks: The Role of Trust. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):505 - 522.score: 24.0
    Online social networks (OSNs) have gained enormous popularity in recent years. Hundreds of millions of social network users reveal great amounts of personal information in the Web 2.0 environment that is largely devoid of security standards and practices. The central question in this article is why so many social network users are being so trusting. The focus is on theory-building on trust as a critical issue in OSNs. A theoretical framework is developed, which facilitates a multi-level and multi-dimensional analysis (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Shaheena Janjuha-Jivraj (2003). The Sustainability of Social Capital Within Ethnic Networks. Journal of Business Ethics 47 (1):31 - 43.score: 24.0
    This paper examines informal networks that support the British Asian business community. Ethnic communities have been crucial to facilitating the economic development of their migrant members, as they make the transition from economic refugees to citizens. The basis of this informal support is the notion of social capital offered to kinsmen who arrived with finite resources. However, as successive generations have become more integrated with the wider community reliance on these resources is forecast to decrease. Research has shown that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Stephen Chen (2009). Corporate Responsibilities in Internet-Enabled Social Networks. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):523 - 536.score: 24.0
    As demonstrated by the popularity of social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter, Internet-based social networks have become an important part of daily life, and many businesses are now involved in such networks either as service providers or as participants. Furthermore, inter-organizational networks are becoming an increasingly common feature of many industries, not only on the Internet. However, despite the growing importance of networks for businesses, there is little theoretical study on the social responsibilities of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Ulrich J. Frey & Hannes Rusch (2013). Using Artificial Neural Networks for the Analysis of Social-Ecological Systems. Ecology and Society 18 (2).score: 24.0
    The literature on common pool resource (CPR) governance lists numerous factors that influence whether a given CPR system achieves ecological long-term sustainability. Up to now there is no comprehensive model to integrate these factors or to explain success within or across cases and sectors. Difficulties include the absence of large-N-studies (Poteete 2008), the incomparability of single case studies, and the interdependence of factors (Agrawal and Chhatre 2006). We propose (1) a synthesis of 24 success factors based on the current SES (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. James L. McClelland (2013). Integrating Probabilistic Models of Perception and Interactive Neural Networks: A Historical and Tutorial Review. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    This article seeks to establish a rapprochement between explicitly Bayesian models of contextual effects in perception and neural network models of such effects, particularly the connectionist interactive activation model of perception. The article is in part an historical review and in part a tutorial, reviewing the probabilistic Bayesian approach to understanding perception and how it may be shaped by context, and also reviewing ideas about how such probabilistic computations may be carried out in neural networks, focusing on the role (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Thomas R. Shultz & Alan C. Bale (2006). Neural Networks Discover a Near-Identity Relation to Distinguish Simple Syntactic Forms. Minds and Machines 16 (2):107-139.score: 24.0
    Computer simulations show that an unstructured neural-network model [Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2001). Infancy, 2, 501–536] covers the essential features␣of infant learning of simple grammars in an artificial language [Marcus, G. F., Vijayan, S., Bandi Rao, S., & Vishton, P. M. (1999). Science, 283, 77–80], and generalizes to examples both outside and inside of the range of training sentences. Knowledge-representation analyses confirm that these networks discover that duplicate words in the sentences are nearly identical and that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. [deleted]Wendy Hasenkamp & Lawrence W. Barsalou (2012). Effects of Meditation Experience on Functional Connectivity of Distributed Brain Networks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 24.0
    This study sought to examine the effect of meditation experience on brain networks underlying cognitive actions employed during contemplative practice. In a previous study, we proposed a basic model of naturalistic cognitive fluctuations that occur during the practice of focused attention meditation. This model specifies four intervals in a cognitive cycle: mind wandering, awareness of mind wandering, shifting of attention, and sustained attention. Using subjective input from experienced practitioners during meditation, we identified activity in salience network regions during awareness (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Dan Hunter (1999). Out of Their Minds: Legal Theory in Neural Networks. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):129-151.score: 24.0
    This paper examines the use of connectionism (neural networks) in modelling legal reasoning. I discuss how the implementations of neural networks have failed to account for legal theoretical perspectives on adjudication. I criticise the use of neural networks in law, not because connectionism is inherently unsuitable in law, but rather because it has been done so poorly to date. The paper reviews a number of legal theories which provide a grounding for the use of neural networks (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Luciano Fontoura Costdaa, Marconi Soares Barbosa, Vincent Coupez & Dietrich Stauffer (2003). Morphological Hopfield Networks. Brain and Mind 4 (1):91-105.score: 24.0
    This paper reports on the investigation of the effects of neuronal shape, at both individual cell and network level, on the behavior of neuronal systems. More specifically, two-dimensional biologically realistic neuronal networks are obtained that take explicity into account the position and morphology of neuronal cells, with the respective behavior for associative recall being simulated through a diluted version of Hopfield's model. While a specific probability density function is used for the placement of the cell bodies, images of real (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. John Bessant & George Tsekouras (2001). Developing Learning Networks. AI and Society 15 (1-2):82-98.score: 24.0
    Considerable interest has been shown in models of inter-organisational collaboration including clusters, networks and recently supply chains. Arguably effective configurations of enterprises can work together to achieve some form of what is termed ‘collective efficiency’ which enables them to cope with the challenges of the current competitive encironment. This paper addresses one aspect of such collective efficiency: the potential acceleration and improvement of the process of knowledge acquisition and capacity building through shared learning. It explores the concept of formal (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Fiorella de Cindio & Laura Anna Ripamonti (2010). Nature and Roles for Community Networks in the Information Society. AI and Society 25 (3):265-278.score: 24.0
    This paper draws on the authors more than 10 years of involvement in the action research experience of the Milan Community Network. It discusses the roles that community networks play in the Information Society: starting from a neat characterization of “online community”, community networks are presented as ICT learning communities, as local online communities and as complementary to Digital Cities. Finally, critical insights into institutional aspects of community networks are considered from the perspective of their sustainability.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Giuseppina Migliore, Giorgio Schifani, Giovanni Dara Guccione & Luigi Cembalo (2014). Food Community Networks as Leverage for Social Embeddedness. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (4):549-567.score: 24.0
    Social embeddedness, defined as the interaction of economic activities and social behavior, is used in this study as a conceptual tool to describe the growing phenomenon of food community networks (FCNs). The aim in this paper was to map the system of relations which the FCNs develop both inside and outside the network and, from the number of relations, it was inferred the influence of each FCN upon the formation of new socially embedded economic realities. A particular form of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Seremeti Lambrini & Kameas Achilles (forthcoming). Composable Relations Induced in Networks of Aligned Ontologies: A Category Theoretic Approach. Axiomathes:1-27.score: 24.0
    A network of aligned ontologies is a distributed system, whose components (constituent ontologies) are interacting and interoperating, the result of this interaction being, either the extension of local assertions, which are valid within each individual ontology, to global assertions holding between remote ontology syntactic entities (concepts, individuals) through a network path, or to local assertions holding between local entities of an ontology, but induced by remote ontologies, through a cycle in the network. The mechanism for achieving this interaction is the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Jeanne M. Logsdon & Karen D. W. Patterson (2009). Deception in Business Networks: Is It Easier to Lie Online? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):537 - 549.score: 24.0
    This article synthesizes research presented in several models of unethical behavior to develop propositions about the factors that facilitate and mitigate deception in online business communications. The work expands the social network perspective to incorporate the medium of communication as a significant influence on deception. We go beyond existing models by developing seven propositions that identify how social network and issue moral intensity characteristics influence the probability of deception in online business communication in comparison to traditional communication channels. Remedies to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. [deleted]Timothy B. Meier, Joseph C. Wildenberg, Jingyu Liu, Jiayu Chen, Vince D. Calhoun, Bharat B. Biswal, Mary E. Meyerand, Rasmus M. Birn & Vivek Prabhakaran (2012). Parallel ICA Identifies Sub-Components of Resting State Networks That Covary with Behavioral Indices. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 24.0
    Parallel Independent Component Analysis (para-ICA) is a multivariate method that can identify complex relationships between different data modalities by simultaneously performing Independent Component Analysis on each data set while finding mutual information between the two data sets. We use para-ICA to test the hypothesis that spatial sub-components of common resting state networks (RSNs) covary with specific behavioral measures. Resting state scans and a battery of behavioral indices were collected from 24 younger adults. Group ICA was performed and common RSNs (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Michael Posner (2012). Attentional Networks and Consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The term consciousness is an important one in the vernacular of the western literature in many fields. It is no wonder that scientists have assumed that consciousness will be found as a component of the human brain and that we will come to understand its neural basis. However, there is rather little in common between consciousness as the neurologist would use it to diagnose the vegetative state, how the feminist would use it to support raising male consciousness of the economic (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. [deleted]Karen Caeyenberghs, Alexander Leemans, Inge Leunissen, Karla Michiels & Stephan Patrick Swinnen (2013). Topological Correlations of Structural and Functional Networks in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Despite an increasing amount of specific correlation studies between structural and functional connectivity, there is still a need for combined studies, especially in pathological conditions. Impairments of brain white matter and diffuse axonal injuries are commonly suspected to be responsible for the disconnection hypothesis in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. Moreover, our previous research on TBI patients shows a strong relationship between abnormalities in topological organization of brain networks and behavioral deficits. In this study, we combined task-related functional connectivity (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Carleen Maitland (1999). Global Diffusion of Interactive Networks: The Impact of Culture. [REVIEW] AI and Society 13 (4):341-356.score: 24.0
    The Internet and other interactive networks are diffusing across the globe at rates that vary from country to country. Typically, economic and market structure variables are used to explain these differences. The addition of culture to these variables will provide a more robust understanding of the differences in Internet and interactive network diffusion. Existing analyses that identify culture as a predictor of diffusion do not adequately specify the dimensions of culture and their impacts.This paper presents a set of propositions (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Carla C. J. M. Millar & Chong Ju Choi (2009). Networks, Social Norms and Knowledge Sub-Networks. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):565 - 574.score: 24.0
    Networks and the World Wide Web seem to provide an answer to efficiently creating and disseminating knowledge resources. Knowledge, however, is ambiguous in character, and contains both explicit (information) and tacit dimensions - the latter being difficult to value as well as to transfer. Participant identity, commitment and behaviour within the network also affect the sharing of knowledge. Hence, existing laws and norms (including property rights) which have been established on the basis of discrete transactions and monetary value-oriented exchange (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. David Rooney, Tom Mandeville & Tim Kastelle (2013). Abstract Knowledge and Reified Financial Innovation: Building Wisdom and Ethics Into Financial Innovation Networks. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):447-459.score: 24.0
    This article argues that abstract knowledge in the form of formally developed theory plays an increasingly important role in the economy and in financial innovation in particular.knowledge is easily reified, and this is an aspect of knowledge work that is insufficiently researched. In this article, we problematize reification of abstract knowledge in financial innovation from wisdom, ethics, and social network analysis perspectives. This article, therefore, considers the composition and structures of financial innovation networks that help avoid reification by building (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. [deleted]Vivek Prabhakaran Timothy B. Meier, Joseph C. Wildenberg, Jingyu Liu, Jiayu Chen, Vince D. Calhoun, Bharat B. Biswal, Mary E. Meyerand, Rasmus M. Birn (2012). Parallel ICA Identifies Sub-Components of Resting State Networks That Covary with Behavioral Indices. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 24.0
    Parallel Independent Component Analysis (para-ICA) is a multivariate method that can identify complex relationships between different data modalities by simultaneously performing Independent Component Analysis on each data set while finding mutual information between the two data sets. We use para-ICA to test the hypothesis that spatial sub-components of common resting state networks (RSNs) covary with specific behavioral measures. Resting state scans and a battery of behavioral indices were collected from 24 younger adults. Group ICA was performed and common RSNs (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Hedi Ben Amor, Fabien Corblin, Eric Fanchon, Adrien Elena, Laurent Trilling, Jacques Demongeot & Nicolas Glade (forthcoming). Formal Methods for Hopfield-Like Networks. Acta Biotheoretica.score: 24.0
    Building a meaningful model of biological regulatory network is usually done by specifying the components (e.g. the genes) and their interactions, by guessing the values of parameters, by comparing the predicted behaviors to the observed ones, and by modifying in a trial-error process both architecture and parameters in order to reach an optimal fitness. We propose here a different approach to construct and analyze biological models avoiding the trial-error part, where structure and dynamics are represented as formal constraints. We apply (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Mary A. Beckie, Emily Huddart Kennedy & Hannah Wittman (2012). Scaling Up Alternative Food Networks: Farmers' Markets and the Role of Clustering in Western Canada. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 29 (3):333-345.score: 24.0
    Farmers’ markets, often structured as non-profit or cooperative organizations, play a prominent role in emerging alternative food networks of western Canada. The contribution of these social economy organizations to network development may relate, in part, to the process of regional clustering. In this study we explore the nature and significance of farmers’ market clustering in the western Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Alberta, focusing on the possible connection between clustering and a “scaling up” of alternative food networks. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Jodi Dean (2010). Affective Networks. Mediatropes 2 (2):19-44.score: 24.0
    This article sets out the idea of affective networks as a constitutive feature of communicative capitalism. It explores the circulation of intensities in contemporary information and communication networks, arguing that this circulation should be theorized in terms of the psychoanalytic notion of the drive. The article includes critical engagements with theorists such as Guy Debord, Jacques Lacan, Tiziana Terranova, and Slavoj Zizek.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. R. I. M. Dunbar & M. Spoors (1995). Social Networks, Support Cliques, and Kinship. Human Nature 6 (3):273-290.score: 24.0
    Data on the number of adults that an individual contacts at least once a month in a set of British populations yield estimates of network sizes that correspond closely to those of the typical “sympathy group” size in humans. Men and women do not differ in their total network size, but women have more females and more kin in their networks than men do. Kin account for a significantly higher proportion of network members than would be expected by chance. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Trond Haga (2005). Action Research and Innovation in Networks, Dilemmas and Challenges: Two Cases. [REVIEW] AI and Society 19 (4):362-383.score: 24.0
    Innovation plays a central role in economic development, at regional and national level. The paper takes a practical approach to innovation and the support of entrepreneurship, based on experience of facilitating two contrasting networks of enterprises. Action research is seen as having a central role, but with different approaches according to the innovation process concerned, and the part of the process.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Lizette Heine, Andrea Soddu, Francisco Gómez, Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Luaba Tshibanda, Marie Thonnard, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Murielle Kirsch, Steven Laureys & Athena Demertzi (2012). Resting State Networks and Consciousness: Alterations of Multiple Resting State Network Connectivity in Physiological, Pharmacological, and Pathological Consciousness States. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    In order to better understand the functional contribution of resting state activity to conscious cognition, we aimed to review increases and decreases in fMRI functional connectivity under physiological (sleep), pharmacological (anesthesia) and pathological altered states of consciousness, such as brain death, coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, and minimally conscious state. The reviewed RSNs were the DMN, left and right executive control, salience, sensorimotor, auditory and visual networks. We highlight some methodological issues concerning resting state analyses in severely injured brains (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Luciano Fontoura Costdaa (2003). Morphological Hopfield Networks. Brain and Mind 4 (1):91-105.score: 24.0
    This paper reports on the investigation of the effects of neuronal shape, at both individual cell and network level, on the behavior of neuronal systems. More specifically, two-dimensional biologically realistic neuronal networks are obtained that take explicity into account the position and morphology of neuronal cells, with the respective behavior for associative recall being simulated through a diluted version of Hopfield's model. While a specific probability density function is used for the placement of the cell bodies, images of real (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. [deleted]Kenneth Hugdahl Merethe Nygård, Tom Eichele, Else-Marie Løberg, Hugo A. Jørgensen, Erik Johnsen, Rune A. Kroken, Jan Ø. Berle (2013). Corrigendum: Patients with Schizophrenia Fail to Up-Regulate Task-Positive and Down-Regulate Task-Negative Brain Networks: An fMRI Study Using an ICA Analysis Approach. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Corrigendum: Patients with schizophrenia fail to up-regulate task-positive and down-regulate task-negative brain networks: an fMRI study using an ICA analysis approach.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Dieter Merkl, Erich Schweighoffer & Werner Winiwarter (1999). Exploratory Analysis of Concept and Document Spaces with Connectionist Networks. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):185-209.score: 24.0
    Exploratory analysis is an area of increasing interest in the computational linguistics arena. Pragmatically speaking, exploratory analysis may be paraphrased as natural language processing by means of analyzing large corpora of text. Concerning the analysis, appropriate means are statistics, on the one hand, and artificial neural networks, on the other hand. As a challenging application area for exploratory analysis of text corpora we may certainly identify text databases, be it information retrieval or information filtering systems. With this paper we (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Antoni Rubí-Barceló (2012). Core/Periphery Scientific Collaboration Networks Among Very Similar Researchers. Theory and Decision 72 (4):463-483.score: 24.0
    Empirical studies such as Goyal et al. (J Polit Econ 114(2):403–412, 2006) or Newman (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101(Suppl. 1):5200–5205, 2004) show that scientific collaboration networks present a highly unequal and hierarchical distribution of links. This implies that some researchers can be much more active and productive than others and, consequently, they can enjoy a much better scientific reputation. One may think that big intrinsical differences among researchers can constitute the main driving force behind these inequalities. Nevertheless, this (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000