Search results for 'organismality' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ellen Clarke (2013). The Multiple Realizability of Biological Individuals. Journal of Philosophy (8).score: 6.0
    Biological theory demands a clear organism concept, but at present biologists cannot agree on one. They know that counting particular units, and not counting others, allows them to generate explanatory and predictive descriptions of evolutionary processes. Yet they lack a unified theory telling them which units to count. In this paper, I offer a novel account of biological individuality, which reconciles conflicting definitions of ‘organism’ by interpreting them as describing alternative realisers of a common functional role, and then defines individual (...)
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  2. Massimo Pigliucci (2007). Finding the Way in Phenotypic Space: The Origin and Maintenance of Constraints on Organismal Form. Annals of Botany 100:433-438.score: 6.0
    Background: One of the all-time questions in evolutionary biology regards the evolution of organismal shapes, and in particular why certain forms appear repeatedly in the history of life, others only seldom and still others not at all. Recent research in this field has deployed the conceptual framework of constraints and natural selection as measured by quantitative genetic methods. -/- Scope: In this paper I argue that quantitative genetics can by necessity only provide us with useful statistical sum- maries that may (...)
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  3. Emmanuel D'Hombres (2009). « Un organisme est une société, et réciproquement ? » La délimitation des champs d'extension des sciences de la vie et des sciences sociales chez Alfred Espinas (1877). Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 2:395-422.score: 5.0
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  4. Kenneth F. Schaffner (2000). Behavior at the Organismal and Molecular Levels: The Case of C. Elegans. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):288.score: 4.0
    Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) is a tiny worm that has become the focus of a large number of worldwide research projects examining its genetics, development, neuroscience, and behavior. Recently several groups of investigators have begun to tie together the behavior of the organism and the underlying genes, neural circuits, and molecular processes implemented in those circuits. Behavior is quintessentially organismal--it is the organism as a whole that moves and mates--but the explanations are devised at the molecular and neurocircuit levels, and (...)
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  5. Pierre Cassou-Noguès (forthcoming). À l'intérieur de l'événement. La notion d'organisme dans la philosophie de Whitehead. Les Études Philosophiques.score: 4.0
    Nous interrogeons la fonction du concept d'organisme dans l'œuvre de Whitehead et l'élaboration de la cosmologie de Procès et réalité. Notre but est de déterminer à quels problèmes ce concept répond et de quelles hypothèses il découle. Whitehead justifie sa description des entités actuelles par le postulat cosmologique d'une homogénéité entre l'expérience humaine et les événements de la nature. Nous tentons, quant à nous, de montrer que le concept d'organisme dépend également, dès Le concept de nature, de l'hypothèse d'une vie (...)
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  6. Paul Siwek (1969). L'Unité die l'Organisme du Point de vue philosophique. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 25 (3/4):223 - 233.score: 4.0
    Un des problèmes les plus controversés en bioiogie philosophique, c'est l'unité de l'être vivant. Cette unité est tout à fait sui generis. En effet, nous nen trouvons aucun analogon dans la Nature inorganique. L'unite de l'eau, par exemple, c'est sa molécule dont nous connaissons bien la formule essentielle (H₂O). L'eau contenue dans un récipient, c'est une foule d'individus. Au contraire, l'être vivant, malgré le nombre immense de molécules dont il se compose, constitue un être parfaitement un. La preuve? C'est l'unité (...)
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  7. Florence Caeymaex (2010). Vie et praxis : le statut de l?organisme dans la Critique de la Raison dialectique. Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2: La nature vivante (Actes n° ).score: 4.0
    « Tout se découvre dans le besoin [?] le besoin institue la première contradiction [?] avec l?organisme [?] le temps dialectique est entré dans l?être puisque l?être vivant ne peut persévérer qu?en se renouvelant » 1 . Dans la Critique de la Raison dialectique , besoin et organisme constituent les points de départ de l?exposition sartrienne de la praxis individuelle et donc, par suite, de l?exposition de la praxis historique concrète, saisie avec toutes ses déterminations. Or ce point de départ, (...)
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  8. Frederick Ferré (1989). Obstacles on the Path to Organismic Ethics:: Some Second Thoughts. Environmental Ethics 11 (3):231-241.score: 4.0
    An organismic viewpoint is a welcome alternative to modern mechanistic consciousness, with the latter’s excessive epistemic reliance on analysis, its ontological presumption of atomism, and its value commitments to competition, quantification, reduction, and predictability. These ideas have had negative social and environmental consequences and require replacement. Organismic ethics, grounded in the “wisdom of life”--especially the dialectical triad of creativity, homeostasis, and holism-is far healthier. But organicism alone has serious defects sometimes overlooked by environmental enthusiasts (earlier including this author): life’s creativity (...)
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  9. Devin Henry (2008). Organismal Natures. Apeiron (3):47-74.score: 3.0
  10. Philip Clapson (2001). Consciousness: The Organismic Approach. Neuro-Psychoanalysis 3 (2):203-220.score: 3.0
  11. Arno Wouters (2005). The Functional Perspective of Organismal Biology. In Thomas Reydon & Lia Hemerik (eds.), Current Themes in Theoretical Biology. Springer. 33--69.score: 3.0
    Following Mayr (1961) evolutionary biologists often maintain that the hallmark of biology is its evolutionary perspective. In this view, biologists distinguish themselves from other natural scientists by their emphasis on why-questions. Why-questions are legitimate in biology but not in other natural sciences because of the selective character of the process by means of which living objects acquire their characteristics. For that reason, why-questions should be answered in terms of natural selection. Functional biology is seen as a reductionist science that applies (...)
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  12. Karl F. Muenzinger (1935). Mechanism, Vitalism and the Organismic Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science 2 (4):518-520.score: 3.0
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  13. Ernest Nagel (1951). Mechanistic Explanation and Organismic Biology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 11 (3):327-338.score: 3.0
  14. I. C. Baianu, R. Brown, G. Georgescu & J. F. Glazebrook (2006). Complex Non-Linear Biodynamics in Categories, Higher Dimensional Algebra and Łukasiewicz–Moisil Topos: Transformations of Neuronal, Genetic and Neoplastic Networks. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 16 (1-2):65-122.score: 3.0
    A categorical, higher dimensional algebra and generalized topos framework for Łukasiewicz–Moisil Algebraic–Logic models of non-linear dynamics in complex functional genomes and cell interactomes is proposed. Łukasiewicz–Moisil Algebraic–Logic models of neural, genetic and neoplastic cell networks, as well as signaling pathways in cells are formulated in terms of non-linear dynamic systems with n-state components that allow for the generalization of previous logical models of both genetic activities and neural networks. An algebraic formulation of variable ‘next-state functions’ is extended to a Łukasiewicz–Moisil (...)
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  15. Bruno Robberechts (2002). La technique dans son rapport à l'organisme: l'outil et après. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 100 (3):360-384.score: 3.0
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  16. Thomas P. Bailey (1908). Organic Sensation and Organismic Feeling. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (15):406-412.score: 3.0
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  17. William Michael Brown (2002). Development: The Missing Link Between Exaptationist and Adaptationist Accounts of Organismal Design. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):509-510.score: 3.0
    To understand adaptation (and exaptation), a more comprehensive view of development is required: one beyond a constraining force. Developmental plasticity may be an adaptation by natural selection simultaneously favored (or sometimes in conflict) at multiple levels of biological organization (e.g., cells, individuals, groups, etc.). To understand the interrelationships between developmental plasticity and adaptive evolution I borrow heavily from West-Eberhard (2003) and Frank (1995; 1997). Developmental plasticity facilitates evolution, results in particular patterns of evolutionary change, and may produce exaptations by design (...)
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  18. John Parascandola (1971). Organismic and Holistic Concepts in the Thought of L. J. Henderson. Journal of the History of Biology 4 (1):63 - 113.score: 3.0
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  19. Warner Fite (1920). Ritter's Organismal Conception of Life. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 17 (2):29-36.score: 3.0
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  20. Marianne Sommer (2008). History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473 - 528.score: 3.0
    In the advertising discourse of human genetic database projects, of genetic ancestry tracing companies, and in popular books on anthropological genetics, what I refer to as the anthropological gene and genome appear as documents of human history, by far surpassing the written record and oral history in scope and accuracy as archives of our past. How did macromolecules become "documents of human evolutionary history"? Historically, molecular anthropology, a term introduced by Emile Zuckerkandl in 1962 to characterize the study of primate (...)
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  21. Raymond Holder Wheeler (1936). Organismic Logic in the History of Science. Philosophy of Science 3 (1):26-61.score: 3.0
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  22. Justin E. H. Smith (2010). Leibniz, le Vivant Et L'Organisme. The Leibniz Review 20:85-96.score: 3.0
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  23. Raphaële Andrault (2012). Notes de lecture : François Duchesneau, Leibniz, le vivant et l'organisme (Paris, Vrin, 2010)Notes de lecture : François Duchesneau, Leibniz, le vivant et l'organisme (Paris, Vrin, 2010). [REVIEW] Philosophiques 39 (1):295-305.score: 3.0
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  24. David Buckley (2009). Toward an Organismal, Integrative, and Iterative Phylogeography. Bioessays 31 (7):784-793.score: 3.0
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  25. Denis Hurtubise (2003). Les Sept Mots de Whitehead Ou l'Aventure de l'Être (Créativité, Processus, Evénement, Objet, Organisme, Enjoyment, Aventure). Process Studies 32 (1):147-148.score: 3.0
  26. Dietmar Kültz, David F. Clayton, Gene E. Robinson, Craig Albertson, Hannah V. Carey, Molly E. Cummings, Ken Dewar, Scott V. Edwards, Hans A. Hofmann & Louis J. Gross (2013). New Frontiers for Organismal Biology. Bioscience 63 (6).score: 3.0
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  27. Christian Leduc (2012). François Duchesneau, Leibniz, l'Organisme Et le Vivant, Paris, Vrin 2010 ; Justin E. H. Smith, Divine Machines. Leibniz and the Sciences of Life, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2011. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 39 (2):506.score: 3.0
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  28. H. Souna (2000). Les défaillances conventionnelles: sources de litiges entre les professionnels de santé et les organismes de sécurité sociale (1re partie). Médecine and Droit 2000 (42):10-13.score: 3.0
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  29. Sidney Strauss (1972). Inducing Cognitive Development and Learning: A Review of Short-Term Training Experiments I. The Organismic Developmental Approach. [REVIEW] Cognition 1 (4):329-357.score: 3.0
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  30. Robert Franck (1995). Mosaïques, machines organismes et sociétés. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 93 (1):67-81.score: 3.0
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  31. Adrian Friday (1990). The Elaboration of Complexity in Vertebrate evolutionComplex Organismal Functions: Integration and Evolution in Vertebrates (1989). Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Complex Organismal Functions: Integration and Evolution in Vertebrates, Berlin 1988, August 28-September 2. Editors: D. B. Wake and G. Roth. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester. Pp. 451. �57.50, $105.80. [REVIEW] Bioessays 12 (7):353-353.score: 3.0
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  32. O. O. Norris (1934). A Preamble to an Organismic Theory of Knowledge. Philosophy of Science 1 (4):460-478.score: 3.0
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  33. Wolfgang Scheffel (1989). The Organismic Cosmology of Alfred N. Whitehead. Philosophy and History 22 (2):161-162.score: 3.0
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  34. M. Hamidou Abdou Souna (2001). Le règlement des litiges opposant les organismes de sécurité sociale aux professionnells de santé. Médecine Et Droit 2001 (49):16-20.score: 3.0
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  35. Gregory J. Anderson (2002). The Nearly Invisible Voice of Organismal Biology in Public Policy. Bioscience 52 (1):85.score: 3.0
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  36. Neil W. Blackstone (2006). Multicellular Redox Regulation: Integrating Organismal Biology and Redox Chemistry. Bioessays 28 (1):72-77.score: 3.0
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  37. Bertram D. Brettschneider (1960). Sketch for an Organismic Philosophy of Education. Educational Theory 10 (2):133-141.score: 3.0
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  38. Jean Claude Dumoncel (2006). La vie-aventure: organisme et symbolisme selon la métaphysique de Whitehead. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de L'Etranger 1:57-72.score: 3.0
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  39. Ernst Mayr (1986). Book Review:Biophilosophical Implications of Inorganic and Organismic Evolution Bernhard Rensch. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 53 (4):612-.score: 3.0
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  40. Marie Gérard (2010). Canguilhem, Erwin Straus et la phénoménologie : La question de l?organisme vivant. Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2: La nature vivante (Actes n° ).score: 3.0
    Il s?agit de nuancer l?opposition massive, mise en place par Michel Foucault dans sa préface à la traduction anglaise du Normal et le patho­logique , entre la tradition phénoménologique et l?épistémologie française. Cette opposition est raffinée sur la base d?une confrontation entre la pensée de Georges Canguilhem et celle du psychiatre allemand Erwin Straus, qui tâche, dans son ouvrage majeur Vom Sinn der Sinne , de poser les fondements d?une psychologie phénoménologique. La confrontation s?organise autour de deux thématiques abordées de (...)
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  41. Maël Lemoine (2001). Remarques sur la métaphore de l'organisme en politique : les principes de la philosophie du droit et les deux sources de la morale et de la religion. Les Études Philosophiques 4 (4):479-497.score: 3.0
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  42. Peter Schuster (2007). A Beginning of the End of the Holism Versus Reductionism Debate?: Molecular Biology Goes Cellular and Organismic. Complexity 13 (1):10-13.score: 3.0
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  43. Dallas Treit, Lori J. Terlecki & John P. J. Pinel (1980). Conditioned Defensive Burying in Rodents: Organismic Variables. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (6):451-454.score: 3.0
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  44. Jan Wilczyński (1943). The Autogenic, the Statistical and the Combinatorial Aspects of Organismic Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 7 (1-2).score: 3.0
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  45. Charles Wolfe (2004). La catégorie d' « organisme » dans la philosophie de la biologie. Multitudes 2 (2):27-40.score: 3.0
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  46. Thomas Afton & Michaël Oustinoff (2007). Traduction et interprétation dans les organismes internationaux. Hermès 49:117.score: 3.0
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  47. Christine Daluz Alcaria (2008). D'une logique de la vie à une théorie de l'organisme vivant. Philosophie 100 (4):38.score: 3.0
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  48. Norman Arnheim, Tom White & William E. Rainey (1990). Application of PCR: Organismal and Population Biology. Bioscience 40 (3):174-182.score: 3.0
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  49. Norman Arnheim, Tom White & William E. Rainey (1990). Application of PCR: Organismal and Population Biology Polymerase Chain Reaction Can Produce Large Quantities of Specific DNA From Small, Degraded, and Impure Samples. Bioscience 40 (3):174-182.score: 3.0
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