Search results for 'part-whole relations' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Edward A. Bilodeau (1955). Variations in Knowledge of Component Performance and its Effects Upon Part-Part and Part-Whole Relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):215.score: 630.0
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  2. C. Maria Keet & Alessandro Artale (2008). Representing and Reasoning Over a Taxonomy of Part-Whole Relations. Applied ontology 3 (1-2):91-110.score: 540.0
    Many types of part-whole relations have been proposed in the literature to aid the conceptual modeller to choose the most appropriate type, but many of those relations lack a formal specification to give clear and unambiguous semantics to them. To remedy this, a formal taxonomy of types of mereological and meronymic part-whole relations is presented that distinguishes between transitive and intransitive relations and the kind of entity types that are related. The demand to use (...)
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  3. C. Maria Keet, Essential and Mandatory Part-Whole Relations in Conceptual Data Models.score: 540.0
    A recurring problem in conceptual modelling and ontology development is the representation of part-whole relations, with a requirement to be able to distinguish between essential and mandatory parts. To solve this problem, we formally characterize the semantics of these shareability notions by resorting to the temporal conceptual model E RVT and its formalization in the description logic DLRUS.
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  4. Mary C. Keet, Part-Whole Relations in Object-Role Models.score: 531.0
    Representing parthood relations in ORM has received little attention, despite its added-value of the semantics at the conceptual level. We introduce a high-level taxonomy of types of meronymic and mereological relations, use it to construct a decision procedure to determine which type of part-<span class='Hi'>whole</span> role is applicable, and incrementally add mandatory and uniqueness constraints. This enables the conceptual modeller to develop models that are closer to the real-world subject domain semantics, hence improve quality of the software.
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  5. Achille Varzi, Parts, Wholes, and Part-Whole Relations: The Prospects of Mereotopology.score: 477.0
    We can see mereology as a theory of parthood and topology as a theory of wholeness. How can these be combined to obtain a unified theory of parts and wholes? This paper examines various non-equivalent ways of pursuing this task, with specific reference to its relevance to spatio-temporal reasoning. In particular, three main strategies are compared: (i) mereology and topology as two independent (though mutually related) chapters; (ii) mereology as a general theory subsuming topology; (iii) topology as a general theory (...)
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  6. W. L. Jenkins (1939). Studies in Thermal Sensitivity: 12. Part-Whole Relations in Seriatim Cold-Mapping. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (4):373.score: 450.0
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  7. J. Geller (forthcoming). A Graphics-Based Analysis of Part-Whole Relations. Cognitive Science.score: 450.0
     
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  8. W. L. Jenkins (1940). Studies in Thermal Sensitivity: 14. Part-Whole Relations in Seriatim Warm-Mapping. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (1):76.score: 450.0
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  9. Morton E. Winston, Roger Chaffin & Douglas Herrmann (1987). A Taxonomy of Part‐Whole Relations. Cognitive Science 11 (4):417-444.score: 450.0
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  10. Douglas Bartholomew (1991). Whole/Part Relations in Music: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Aesthetic Education 25 (3):175-191.score: 405.0
     
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  11. Friederike Moltmann (2005). Part Structures in Situations: The Semantics of 'Individual' and 'Whole'. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (5):599 - 641.score: 396.0
    This paper develops the notion of a situated part structure and applies it to the semantics of the modifiers 'whole' and 'individual'. It argues that the ambiguity of 'whole' should be traced to two different conceptions of part structures of objects being at play: one according to which the parts of an objects are just the material parts and another, Aristotelian conception according to which the parts of an object include properties of form.
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  12. Andreas Hüttemann (forthcoming). Physicalism and the Part-Whole Relation. In Christian Wüthrich & Tomasz Bigaj (eds.), Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics.score: 389.3
    In this paper I intend to analyse whether a certain kind of physicalism (part-wholephysicalism)is supported by what classical mechanics and quantum mechanics have to say about the part whole relation. I will argue that not even the most likely candidates – namely cases of microexplanation of the dynamics of compound systems – provide evidence for part whole-physicalism, i.e. the thesis that the behaviour of the compound obtains in virtue of the behaviour of the parts. Physics does not dictate part-whole-physicalism.
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  13. Lynn K. Nyhart & Scott Lidgard (2011). Individuals at the Center of Biology: Rudolf Leuckart's "Polymorphismus der Individuen" and the Ongoing Narrative of Parts and Wholes. With an Annotated Translation. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (3):373 - 443.score: 330.0
    Rudolf Leuckart's 1851 pamphlet Ueber den Polymorphismus der Individuen (On the polymorphism of individuals) stood at the heart of naturalists' discussions on biological individuals, parts and wholes in mid-nineteenth-century Britain and Europe. Our analysis, which accompanies the first translation of this pamphlet into English, situates Leuckart's contribution to these discussions in two ways. First, we present it as part of a complex conceptual knot involving not only individuality and the understanding of compound organisms, but also the alternation of generations, the (...)
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  14. Basic Formal Ontology (2010). Caracteristica-Actividad. See Part-Whole Relation/Steps-Activity Causal Relation Certainty In. See Certainty. In Alain Auger & Caroline Barrière (eds.), Probing Semantic Relations: Exploration and Identification in Specialized Texts. John Benjamins Pub. Co.. 149.score: 299.0
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  15. J. van Brakel (2010). Chemistry and Physics: No Need for Metaphysical Glue. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 12 (2):123-136.score: 264.0
    Using the notorious bridge law “water is H 2 O” and the relation between molecular structure and quantum mechanics as examples, I argue that it doesn’t make sense to aim for specific definition(s) of intertheoretical or interdiscourse relation(s) between chemistry and physics (reduction, supervenience, what have you). Proposed definitions of interdiscourse and part-whole relations are interesting only if they provide insight in the variegated interconnected patchwork of theories and beliefs. There is “automatically” some sort of interdiscourse relation if (...)
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  16. John L. Bell (2004). Whole and Part in Mathematics. Axiomathes 14 (4):285-294.score: 248.3
    The centrality of the whole/part relation in mathematics is demonstrated through the presentation and analysis of examples from algebra, geometry, functional analysis,logic, topology and category theory.
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  17. Morris A. Copeland (1927). An Instrumental View of the Part-Whole Relation. Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):96-104.score: 243.3
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  18. T. R. Girill (1976). Criteria for the Part-Whole Relation in Micro-Reductions. Philosophia 6 (1):69-79.score: 243.3
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  19. Michael J. Fitzgerald (2009). Time as a Part of Physical Objects: The Modern 'Descartes-Minus Argument' and an Analogous Argument From Fourteenth-Century Logic (William Heytesbury and Albert of Saxony). Vivarium 47 (1):54-73.score: 225.0
  20. Adam Morton (1975). Complex Individuals and Multigrade Relations. Noûs 9 (3):309-318.score: 219.0
    I relate plural quantification, and predicate logic where predicates do not need a fixed number of argument places, to the part-whole relation. For more on these themes see later work by Boolos, Lewis, and Oliver & Smiley.
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  21. Gilbert T. Null (2007). The Ontology of Intentionality II: Dependence Ontology as Prolegomenon to Noetic Modal Semantics. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 23 (2):119-159.score: 207.0
    This is the second in a sequence of three essays which axiomatize and apply Edmund Husserl's dependence ontology of parts and wholes as a non-Diodorean, non-Kantian temporal semantics for first-order predicate modal languages. The Ontology of Intentionality I introduced enough of Husserl's dependence-ontology of parts and wholes to formulate his account of order as effected by relating moments of unity, and The Ontology of Intentionality II extends that axiomatic dependence-ontology far enough to enable its semantic application. Formalizing the compatibility [Vereinbarkeit] (...)
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  22. Andrzej Pietruszczak (2014). A General Concept of Being a Part of a Whole. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 55 (3):359-381.score: 207.0
    The transitivity of the relation of part to whole is often questioned. But it is among the most basic principles of mereology. In this paper we present a general solution to the problem of transitivity of parthood which may be satisfactory for both its advocates and its opponents. We will show that even without the transitivity of parthood one can define—basic in mereology—the notion of being a mereological sum of some objects. We formulate several proposals of general approaches to the (...)
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  23. Paul Hovda (2009). What Is Classical Mereology? Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (1):55 - 82.score: 204.0
    Classical mereology is a formal theory of the part-whole relation, essentially involving a notion of mereological fusion, or sum. There are various different definitions of fusion in the literature, and various axiomatizations for classical mereology. Though the equivalence of the definitions of fusion is provable from axiom sets, the definitions are not logically equivalent, and, hence, are not inter-changeable when laying down the axioms. We examine the relations between the main definitions of fusion and correct some technical errors (...)
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  24. Robert Mayhew (1997). Part and Whole in Aristotle's Political Philosophy. Journal of Ethics 1 (4):325-340.score: 204.0
    It is often held that according to Aristotle the city is a natural organism. One major reason for this organic interpretation is no doubt that Aristotle describes the relationship between the individual and the city as a part-whole relationship, seemingly the same relationship that holds between the parts of a natural organism and the organism itself. Moreover, some scholars (most notably Jonathan Barnes) believe this view of the city led Aristotle to accept an implicit totalitarianism. I argue, however, that (...)
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  25. Marc D. Lewis (2005). Bridging Emotion Theory and Neurobiology Through Dynamic Systems Modeling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):169-194.score: 198.0
    Efforts to bridge emotion theory with neurobiology can be facilitated by dynamic systems (DS) modeling. DS principles stipulate higher-order wholes emerging from lower-order constituents through bidirectional causal processes cognition relations. I then present a psychological model based on this reconceptualization, identifying trigger, self-amplification, and self-stabilization phases of emotion-appraisal states, leading to consolidating traits. The article goes on to describe neural structures and functions involved in appraisal and emotion, as well as DS mechanisms of integration by which they interact. These (...)
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  26. Alexander Rueger & Patrick McGivern (2010). Hierarchies and Levels of Reality. Synthese 176 (3):379 - 397.score: 198.0
    We examine some assumptions about the nature of 'levels of reality' in the light of examples drawn from physics. Three central assumptions of the standard view of such levels (for instance, Oppenheim and Putnam 1958) are (i) that levels are populated by entities of varying complexity, (ii) that there is a unique hierarchy of levels, ranging from the very small to the very large, and (iii) that the inhabitants of adjacent levels are related by the parthood relation. Using examples from (...)
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  27. Friederike Moltmann (1998). Part Structures, Integrity, and the Mass-Count Distinction. Synthese 116 (1):75 - 111.score: 197.0
    The notions of part and whole play an important role for ontology and in many areas of the semantics of natural language. Both in philosophy and linguistic semantics, usually a particular notion of part structure is used, that of extensional mereology. This paper argues that such a notion is insufficient for ontology and, especially, for the semantic analysis of the relevant constructionsof natural language. What is needed for the notion of part structure,in addition to an ordering among parts, is the (...)
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  28. Andreas Hüttemann, Reimer Kühn & Orestis Terzidis (forthcoming). Stability, Emergence and Part-Whole-Reduction. In Brigitte Falkenburg & Margret Morrison (eds.), Why More Is Different. Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems.score: 196.0
  29. Robert E. Hicks & Robert K. Young (1972). Part-Whole List Transfer in Free Recall: A Reappraisal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):328-333.score: 196.0
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  30. Robert E. Hicks & Robert K. Young (1973). Part-Whole Transfer in Free Recall as a Function of Word Class and Imagery. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):100.score: 196.0
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  31. Elinor McKone, Anne Aimola Davies, Hayley Darke, Kate Crookes, Tushara Wickramariyaratne, Stephanie Zappia, Chiara Fiorentini, Simone Favelle, Mary Broughton & Dinusha Fernando (2013). Importance of the Inverted Control in Measuring Holistic Face Processing with the Composite Effect and Part-Whole Effect. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 196.0
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  32. Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden (1972). Item Arrangement Effects on Transfer and Serial Position Errors in Part-Whole Learning of Different Materials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):249.score: 196.0
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  33. H. L. Koch (1923). A Neglected Phase of the Part-Whole Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (5):366.score: 196.0
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  34. Anthony G. Cohn & Achille C. Varzi (2003). Mereotopological Connection. Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (4):357-390.score: 189.0
    The paper outlines a model-theoretic framework for investigating and comparing a variety of mereotopological theories. In the first part we consider different ways of characterizing a mereotopology with respect to (i) the intended interpretation of the connection primitive, and (ii) the composition of the admissible domains of quantification (e.g., whether or not they include boundary elements). The second part extends this study by considering two further dimensions along which different patterns of topological connection can be classified - the strength of (...)
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  35. H. Hudson (1955). People and Part-Whole Talk. Analysis 15 (March):90-93.score: 188.0
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  36. Pieter E. Vermaas, Dingmar Eck & Peter Kroes (2013). The Conceptual Elusiveness of Engineering Functions. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 26 (2):159-185.score: 183.0
    In this paper, we describe the conceptual elusiveness of the notion of function as used in engineering practice. We argue that it should be accepted as an ambiguous notion, and then review philosophical argumentations in which engineering functions occur in order to identify the consequences of this ambiguity. Function is a key notion in engineering, yet is used by engineers systematically in a variety of meanings. First, we demonstrate that this ambiguous use is rational for engineers by considering the role (...)
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  37. Regenia Gagnier (2010). Individualism, Decadence and Globalization: On the Relationship of Part to Whole, 1859-1920. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 183.0
    Beginning with a widespread definition of Decadence as when individual parts flourish at the expense of the whole, Regenia Gagnier - a leading cultural historian of late nineteenth-century Britain - shows the full range of meanings of individualism at the height of its promise. From Darwin and Mill to the Fin de Siècle and beyond, Gagnier establishes the individual in relation to its theoretical and practical contexts: the couple and parent/child dyad; the workshop and community; the nation and state; cosmopolis (...)
     
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  38. Jitse M. van der Meer (2000). The Engagement of Religion and Biology: A Case Study in the Mediating Role of Metaphor in the Sociobiology of Lumsden & Wilson. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 15 (5):669-698.score: 180.0
    I claim that explanations of human behaviour by Edward O. Wilsonand Charles Lumsden are constituted by a religiously functioningmetaphysics: emergent materialism. The constitutive effects areidentified using six criteria, beginning with a metaphorical re-description of dissimilarities between levels of organization interms of the lower level, and consist of conceptual andexplanatory reductions (CER). Wilson and Lumsden practice CER,even though CER is not required by emergent materialism. Theypreconceive this practice by a re-description which conflates thelevels of organization and explain failure of CER in (...)
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  39. Douglas E. Ehring (2003). Part-Whole Physicalism and Mental Causation. Synthese 136 (3):359-388.score: 180.0
    A well-known ``overdetermination''argument aims to show that the possibility of mental causes of physical events in a causally closed physical world and the possibility of causally relevant mental properties are both problematic. In the first part of this paper, I extend an identity reply that has been given to the first problem to a property-instance account of causal relata. In the second, I argue that mental types are composed of physical types and, as a consequence, both mental and physical types (...)
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  40. Roy Clouser (2010). A Brief Sketch of the Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. Axiomathes 20 (1):3-17.score: 180.0
    An account is offered of Dooyeweerd’s non-reductionist ontology. It also includes the role of religious belief in theory making, although it omits his case for why such a role is unavoidable. The ontology is a theory of the nature of (created) reality which presupposes and is regulated by belief in the God of Judeo-Christian theism. Because it takes everything in creation to be directly dependent on God, it offers an account of the natures of both natural things and artifacts which (...)
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  41. André Goddu (2009). Copernicus's Mereological Vision of the Universe. Early Science and Medicine 14 (1):316-339.score: 180.0
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  42. Matthew W. Parker (2013). Set Size and the Part-Whole Principle. Review of Symbolic Logic (4):1-24.score: 168.0
    Recent work has defended “Euclidean” theories of set size, in which Cantor’s Principle (two sets have equally many elements if and only if there is a one-to-one correspondence between them) is abandoned in favor of the Part-Whole Principle (if A is a proper subset of B then A is smaller than B). It has also been suggested that Gödel’s argument for the unique correctness of Cantor’s Principle is inadequate. Here we see from simple examples, not that Euclidean theories of (...)
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  43. Andreas Hüttemann & Alan C. Love (2011). COMPARING PART-WHOLE REDUCTIVE EXPLANATIONS IN BIOLOGY AND PHYSICS. In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. 183--202.score: 168.0
    Many biologists and philosophers have worried that importing models of reasoning from the physical sciences obscures our understanding of reasoning in the life sciences. In this paper we discuss one example that partially validates this concern: part-whole reductive explanations. Biology and physics tend to incorporate different models of temporality in part-whole reductive explanations. This results from differential emphases on compositional and causal facets of reductive explanations, which have not been distinguished reliably in prior philosophical analyses. Keeping these two (...)
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  44. Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2011). Part-Whole Science. Synthese 178 (3):397-427.score: 168.0
    A scientific explanatory project, part-whole explanation, and a kind of science, part-whole science are premised on identifying, investigating, and using parts and wholes. In the biological sciences, mechanistic, structuralist, and historical explanations are part-whole explanations. Each expresses different norms, explananda, and aims. Each is associated with a distinct partitioning frame for abstracting kinds of parts. These three explanatory projects can be complemented in order to provide an integrative vision of the whole system, as is shown for a (...)
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  45. William Lauinger (2014). Eternity, Boredom, and One's Part-Whole-Reality Conception. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):1-28.score: 168.0
    Bernard Williams famously argued that eternal life is undesirable for a human because it would inevitably grow intolerably boring. I will argue against Williams and those who share his view. To make my case, I will provide an account of what staves off boredom in our current, earthly-mortal lives, and then I will draw on this account while advancing reasons for thinking that eternal life is desirable, given certain conditions. Though my response to Williams will partly overlap with some prior (...)
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  46. Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden (1970). Part Versus Whole Practice in the Acquisition of Serial Lists as a Function of Class and Organization of Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):406.score: 168.0
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  47. Michael Gladis & Osborne Abbey (1969). Relationship Between Whole and Part Methods of Learning and Degree of Meaningfulness of Serial Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):194.score: 168.0
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  48. Lynn Hasher (1971). Retention of Free Recall Learning: The Whole-Part Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):8.score: 168.0
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  49. Gordon Wood (1969). Whole-Part Transfer From Paired-Associate to Free Recall Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):532.score: 168.0
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