Search results for 'political obligation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Thomas Fossen (2013). The Grammar of Political Obligation. Politics, Philosophy and Economics (3):1470594-13496072.score: 242.0
    This essay presents a new way of conceptualizing the problem of political obligation. On the traditional ‘normativist’ framing of the issue, the primary task for theory is to secure the content and justification of political obligations, providing practically applicable moral knowledge. This paper develops an alternative, ‘pragmatist’ framing of the issue, by rehabilitating a frequently misunderstood essay by Hanna Pitkin and by recasting her argument in terms of the ‘pragmatic turn’ in recent philosophy, as articulated by Robert (...)
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  2. Jiafeng Zhu (2014). Fairness, Political Obligation, and the Justificatory Gap. Journal of Moral Philosophy:1-23.score: 240.0
    The moral principle of fairness or fair play is widely believed to be a solid ground for political obligation, i.e., a general prima facie moral duty to obey the law qua law. In this article, I advance a new and, more importantly, principled objection to fairness theories of political obligation by revealing and defending a justificatory gap between the principle of fairness and political obligation: the duty of fairness on its own is incapable of (...)
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  3. Massimo Renzo (2008). Duties of Samaritanism and Political Obligation. Legal Theory 14 (3):193–217.score: 240.0
    In this article I criticize a theory of political obligation recently put forward by Christopher Wellman. Wellman's “samaritan theory” grounds both state legitimacy and political obligation in a natural duty to help people in need when this can be done at no unreasonable cost. I argue that this view is not able to account for some important features of the relation between state and citizens that Wellman himself seems to value. My conclusion is that the samaritan (...)
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  4. Simon Cushing (1999). Rawls and "Duty-Based" Accounts of Political Obligation. APA Newsletter on Law and Philosophy 99 (1):67-71.score: 240.0
    Rawls's theory of political obligation attempts to avoid the obvious flaws of a Lockean consent model. Rawls rejects a requirement of consent for two reasons: First, the consent requirement of Locke’s theory was intended to ensure that the liberty and equality of the contractors was respected, but this end is better achieved by the principles chosen in the original position, which order the basic structure of a society into which citizens are born. Second, "basing our political ties (...)
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  5. Daniel Schwartz (2008). Francisco Suárez on Consent and Political Obligation. Vivarium 46 (1):59-81.score: 240.0
    Interpreters disagree on the origin that Francisco Suárez assigns to political obligation and correlative political subjection. According to some, Suárez, as other social contract theorists, believes that it is the consent of the individuals that causes political obligation. Others, however, claim that for Suárez, political obligation is underived from the individuals' consent which creates the city. In support of this claim they invoke Suárez's view that political power emanates from the city by (...)
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  6. Uwe Steinhoff, Political Obligation and the Particularity Problem: A Note on Markie.score: 240.0
    P.J. Markie tries to solve the so-called particularity problem of natural duty accounts of political obligation, a problem which seems to make natural duty accounts implausible. I argue that Markie at best “dissolves” the problem: while his own natural duty account of political obligation still does not succeed in ensuring particularity, this is not an implausible but an entirely plausible implication of his account, thanks to the weakness of his concept of political obligation. The (...)
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  7. Edward Song (2012). Acceptance, Fairness, and Political Obligation. Legal Theory 18 (2):209-229.score: 224.0
    Among the most popular strategies for justifying political obligations are those that appeal to the principle of fairness. These theories face the challenge, canonically articulated by Robert Nozick, of explaining how it is that persons are obligated to schemes when they receive goods that they do not ask for but cannot reject. John Simmons offers one defense of the principle of fairness, arguing that people could be bound by obligations of fairness if they voluntarily accept goods produced by a (...)
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  8. Massimo Renzo (2014). Fairness, Self-Deception and Political Obligation. Philosophical Studies 169 (3):467-488.score: 212.0
    I offer a new account of fair-play obligations for non-excludable benefits received from the state. Firstly, I argue that non-acceptance of these benefits frees recipients of fairness obligations only when a counterfactual condition is met; i.e. when non-acceptance would hold up in the closest possible world in which recipients do not hold motivationally-biased beliefs triggered by a desire to free-ride. Secondly, I argue that because of common mechanisms of self-deception there will be recipients who reject these benefits without meeting the (...)
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  9. Andrés Rosler (2005). Political Authority and Obligation in Aristotle. Oxford University Press.score: 210.0
    It is commonly held that Aristotle's views on politics have little relevance to the preoccupations of modern political theory with authority and obligation. Andres Rosler's original study argues that, on the contrary, Aristotle does examine the question of political obligation and its limits, and that contemporary political theorists have much to learn from him. Rosler takes his exploration further, considering the ethical underpinning of Aristotle's political thought, the normativity of his ethical and political (...)
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  10. John Petrov Plamenatz (1968). Consent, Freedom and Political Obligation. New York [Etc.]Oxford U.P..score: 210.0
     
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  11. R. George Wright (1992). Legal and Political Obligation: Classic and Contemporary Texts and Commentary. University Press of America.score: 210.0
  12. Thomas M. Hughes (2012). Is Political Obligation Necessary for Obedience? Hobbes on Hostility, War and Obligation. Teoria Politica 2:77-99.score: 192.0
    Contemporary debates on obedience and consent, such as those between Thomas Senor and A. John Simmons, suggest that either political obligation must exist as a concept or there must be natural duty of justice accessible to us through reason. Without one or the other, de facto political institutions would lack the requisite moral framework to engage in legitimate coercion. This essay suggests that both are unnecessary in order to provide a conceptual framework in which obedience to coercive (...)
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  13. Zachary Hoskins (2011). ''Fair Play, Political Obligation, and Punishment''. Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (1):53-71.score: 192.0
    This paper attempts to establish that, and explain why, the practice of punishing offenders is in principle morally permissible. My account is a nonstandard version of the fair play view, according to which punishment's permissibility derives from reciprocal obligations shared by members of a political community, understood as a mutually beneficial, cooperative venture. Most fair play views portray punishment as an appropriate means of removing the unfair advantage an offender gains relative to law-abiding members of the community. Such views (...)
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  14. Attila Tanyi (2004). Erkölcsi igazolás és politikai kötelezettség (Moral justification and political obligation). Journal of Legal Theory (Jogelmeleti Szemle) 5 (4).score: 192.0
    The paper focuses on John Rawls’ theory of political obligation. Rawls bases political obligation on our natural duties of justice, which are mediated to us by our sense of justice. Therefore the justification of political obligation also requires moral justification: the justification of the principles of justice. In the paper I first investigate that part of Rawls’ argument that has the role of justification: the method of reflective equilibrium. This method raises several problems, the (...)
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  15. George Klosko (2004). Multiple Principles of Political Obligation. Political Theory 32 (6):801-824.score: 186.0
    Scholars who doubt the existence of general political obligations typically criticize and reject theories of obligation based on individual moral principles, for example, consent, fairness, or a natural duty of justice. A stronger position can result from combining different principles in a single theory. I develop a multiprinciple theory of political obligation, based on the principle of fairness, a natural duty of justice, and what I call the "common good" principle. The three principles interact in three (...)
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  16. Dorota Mokrosińska (2013). What is Political About Political Obligation? A Neglected Lesson From Consent Theory. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (1):88-108.score: 186.0
    Much of the debate concerning political obligation deals with the question of which, if any, moral principles could make obedience to the directives of the government a matter of obligation. What makes political obligation political has not received attention in the literature on the topic. In this article I argue that the lack of systematic reflection on what makes political obligation political is responsible for the failure of a number of influential (...)
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  17. George Klosko (2011). Political Obligation. In , The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Oup Oxford.score: 186.0
    This is the first in-depth study of popular attitudes towards political obligations and how these are viewed by the state. Leading political theorist George Klosko provides a full defense of a theory of political obligation based on the principle of fairness, which is widely viewed as the strongest theory of obligation currently available.
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  18. George Klosko, Michael Keren & Stacy Nyikos (2003). Political Obligation and Military Service in Three Countries. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):37-62.score: 182.0
    University of Calgary, Canada and Tel Aviv University, Israel mkeren{at}ucalgary.ca ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Stacy Nyikos University of Tulsa, USA stacy-nyikos{at}utulsa.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Although questions of political obligation have been much discussed by scholars, little attention has been paid to moral reasons advanced by actual states to justify the compliance of their subjects. We examine the `self-image of the state' through Supreme Court decisions in (...)
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  19. P. J. Markie (2009). Political Obligation and the Particularity Problem. Ratio 22 (3):322-337.score: 180.0
    Natural duty theorists of political obligation try to base a moral duty to obey the law on some natural duty, such as the duty to promote justice. Their critics say they confront an insurmountable obstacle in the particularity problem: Since natural duties do not bind us to some persons and institutions more strongly than to others, they cannot support a duty to one particular state or society. I solve the particularity problem, by developing a version of the (...) obligation thesis, giving a natural duty argument for it and showing that the particularity problem does not arise for the argument. I reply to some likely objections to my view. (shrink)
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  20. Jonathan Wolff (1995). Political Obligation, Fairness, and Independence. Ratio 8 (1):87-99.score: 180.0
    In the first section the problem of political obligation is motivated, and in Section 2 the core structure of the problem is laid bare. A recognition ofthis structure prompts reflection that the problem will appear very different to different thinkers, depending on their moral theories. It also invites the speculation that the problem will be incapable of solution on some moral theories while trivial on others. This polarity does reflect the state of much of the literature until fairly (...)
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  21. Massimo Renzo (2012). Associative Responsibilities and Political Obligation. Philosophical Quarterly 62 (246):106-127.score: 180.0
    In this paper I criticise an influential version of associative theory of political obligation and I offer a reformulation of the theory in ‘quasi-voluntarist’ terms. I argue that although unable by itself to solve the problem of political obligation, my quasi-voluntarist associative model can play an important role in solving this problem. Moreover, the model teaches us an important methodological lesson about the way in which we should think about the question of political obligation. (...)
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  22. Margaret Gilbert (1999). Reconsidering the “Actual Contract” Theory of Political Obligation. Ethics 109 (2):236-260.score: 180.0
    Do people have obligations by virtue of the fact that a given country is their country? Actual contract theory says they do because they have agreed to act in certain ways. Contemporary philosophers standardly object in terms of the 'no agreement' objection and the 'not morally binding' objection. I argue that the 'not morally binding' objection is not conclusive. As for the 'no agreement' objection, though actual contract theory succumbs, a closely related plural subject theory of political obligation (...)
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  23. John Kilcullen, Locke on Political Obligation.score: 180.0
    Much has been written about Locke's Second Treatise,[Note 1] but still, I believe, the book's main line of argument has been left unclear . Some concepts need more prominence---the duty to preserve mankind, the right of war, and private judgment; others need less---consent, majority rule, and property. Locke's aim was not to show that political obligation rests upon consent: that is assumed without argument.[Note 2] What he set out to prove is that there are certain limits (...)
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  24. Mark C. Murphy (2001). Natural Law, Consent, and Political Obligation. Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (1):70-92.score: 180.0
    There is a story about the connection between the rise of consent theories of political obligation and the fall of natural law theories of political obligation that is popular among political philosophers but nevertheless false. The story is, to put it crudely, that the rise of consent theory in the modern period coincided with, and came as a result of, the fall of the natural law theory that dominated during the medieval period. Neat though it (...)
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  25. Dudley Knowles (2010). Political Obligation. Routledge.score: 180.0
    Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual's claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience.
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  26. Margaret Gilbert (2006). A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society. OUP Oxford.score: 180.0
    Margaret Gilbert offers an incisive new approach to a classic problem of political philosophy: when and why should I do what the laws of my country tell me to do? Beginning with carefully argued accounts of social groups in general and political societies in particular, the author argues that in central, standard senses of the relevant terms membership in a political society in and of itself obligates one to support that society's political institutions. The obligations in (...)
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  27. George Klosko (2001). The Natural Basis of Political Obligation. Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (1):93-114.score: 180.0
    Though questions of political obligation have long been central to liberal political theory, discussion has generally focused on voluntaristic aspects of the individual's relationship to the state, as opposed to other factors through which the state is able to ground compliance with its laws. The individual has been conceptualized as naturally without political ties, whether or not formally in a state of nature, and questions of political obligation have centered on accounting for political (...)
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  28. Y. V. Satyanarayana (2008). Morality and Political Obligation. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 3:103-110.score: 180.0
    The most important moral question concerned with the problem of political obligation relates to the limits of obedience of a citizen owed to the state. The problem of political obligation raises the questions such as – (1) To what extent the citizen has an obligation to obey the laws of the state? (2) Is the citizen of a state, whether democratic or otherwise, under an obligation to obey the unjust laws of the state? There (...)
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  29. Aryeh Botwinick (1977). Typologies of Theories of Justice and Political Obligation and the Vision of a No-Growth Society. World Futures 15 (3):289-297.score: 180.0
    (1977). Typologies of theories of justice and political obligation and the vision of a no‐growth society. World Futures: Vol. 15, Ethics and World Order, pp. 289-297.
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  30. H. van Erp (2013). Political Obligation, Dirty Hands and Torture; A Moral Evaluation. South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):109-122.score: 180.0
    The example of a political leader who has to decide whether he would allow the torture of a suspect in order to get information about a ticking bomb has become notorious in ethical discussions concerning the tension between moral principles and political necessity. The relation between these notions must be made as clear as possible before a sincere moral evaluation of ticking bomb situations can be given. The first section of this article considers whether the concept of (...) obligation is different from moral and legal obligations or whether it is a special kind of moral obligation. In the second section, the idea that the dirty hands problem confronts us with the ambiguities of moral life is rejected because it would imply an untenable moral paradox. The thesis that is developed is, namely, if there is such a thing as political necessity, it must be some form of moral obligation. The third section analyses the concept of political necessity and concludes that it cannot overrule basic moral principles and that the international legal prohibition of torture must be considered to be a categorical imperative. In the last section, these ideas concerning political and moral necessity are brought in against the defence of torture, which should be tolerated in the ‘War on Terror’. There it will be argued that the use of the ticking bomb argument not only supports a highly hypocrite political practice but is also deceptive as a moral and political argument. (shrink)
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  31. Govert Den Hartogh (2013). The Political Obligation To Donate Organs. Ratio Juris 26 (3):378-403.score: 180.0
    The first question I discuss in this paper is whether we have a duty of rescue to make our organs available for transplantation after our death, a duty we owe to patients suffering from organ failure. The second question is whether political obligations, in particular the obligation to obey the law, can be derived from natural duties, possibly duties of beneficence. Such duties are normally seen as merely imperfect duties, not owed to anyone. The duty of rescue, however, (...)
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  32. Dudley Knowles (2009). Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction. Routledge.score: 180.0
    Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual’s claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience. It is a central and ancient problem in political philosophy. In this authoritative introduction, Dudley Knowles frames the problem of obligation in terms of the duties citizens have to the state and each other. Drawing on a wide range of key works in political philosophy, from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume and G. (...)
     
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  33. Brian Penrose (2004). Fairness and Political Obligation. South African Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):282-291.score: 180.0
    In this paper I offer a limited defence of “fairness” or “fair play” arguments for political obligation by focussing on one important critique of such arguments, that offered by A. John Simmons. I isolate Simmons's concentration on the idea of “accepting” benefits and argue that, among other difficulties, his criteria for when we can be said to accept a benefit from our political communities are too restrictive. While the scope of the discussion is narrow, I try to (...)
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  34. Stephen R. Perry, Political Authority and Political Obligation.score: 174.0
    Legitimate political authority is often said to involve a “right to rule,” which is most plausibly understood as a Hohfeldian moral power on the part of the state to impose obligations on its subjects (or otherwise to change their normative situation). Many writers have taken the state’s moral power (if and when it exists) to be a correlate, in some sense, of an obligation on the part of the state’s subjects to obey its directives. Thus legitimate political (...)
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  35. George Klosko (2009). Cosmopolitanism, Political Obligation, and the Welfare State. Political Theory 37 (2):243 - 265.score: 162.0
    While we generally take it for granted that governments should provide social welfare and other benefits to their citizens, justification of these services depends on special moral requirements people owe to their compatriots, as opposed to inhabitants of other countries, who may be far more needy. While widely discussed defenses of compatriot preferences can be seen to be flawed, the latter may be justified through a public goods argument. Security and other public goods are not only necessary for acceptable lives (...)
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  36. Moral Obligation, Projecting Political Correctness & Is Smith Obligated That She (1997). Adams, Frederick and Kenneth Aizawa Fodor's Asymmetric Causal Dependency Theory and Proximal Projections Allen, Robert F. Southern Journal of Philosophy 35.score: 160.0
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  37. William A. Edmundson (1998). Legitimate Authority Without Political Obligation. Law and Philosophy 17 (1):43 - 60.score: 156.0
    It is commonly supposed that citizens of a reasonably just state have a prima facie duty to obey its laws. In recent years, however, a number of influential political philosophers have concluded that there is no such duty. But how can the state be a legitimate authority if there is no general duty to obey its laws? This article is an attempt to explain how we can make sense of the idea of legitimate political authority without positing the (...)
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  38. Bhikhu Parekh (1993). A Misconceived Discourse on Political Obligation. Political Studies 41 (2):236-251.score: 156.0
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  39. Richard Dagger (1977). What Is Political Obligation? The American Political Science Review 71 (1):86-94.score: 156.0
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  40. Kevin Walton (2013). The Particularities of Legitimacy: John Simmons on Political Obligation. Ratio Juris 26 (1):1-15.score: 156.0
    In this paper, I examine the terms on which John Simmons rejects all arguments for a moral obligation to obey the law and so defends “philosophical anarchism.” Although I accept his rejection of several criteria on which others might and often do insist, I criticize his reliance on the conditions of “generality” and “particularity.” In doing so, I propose an alternative to his influential conception of legitimacy.
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  41. R. Bentley (1996). Responding to Crito: Socrates and Political Obligation. History of Political Thought 17 (1):1-20.score: 156.0
    In the most comprehensive treatment of Plato 's Crito to date, Richard Kraut says: �If possible, the Crito ought to be interpreted in a way that makes it consistent with the Apology and the other early Platonic dialogues.� My aim in the following paper is sympathetic to this view. However, the consistency I find is wider in scope than the reconciliation of Socrates' commitment to disobedience in one dialogue and his apparent rejection of disobedience in the other. I seek a (...)
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  42. Chris Brown (2011). Justifying the Obligation to Die: War, Ethics and Political Obligation with Illustrations From Zionism, Ilan Zvi Baron. Contemporary Political Theory 10 (4):506.score: 156.0
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  43. Michael Lessnoff (2005). The Principle of Fairness and Political Obligation. Contemporary Political Theory 4 (2):220.score: 156.0
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  44. R. Dagger (1977). Books in Review : The Shotgun Behind the Door: Liberalism and the Problem of Political Obligation by Philip Abbott. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1976. Pp. Xv, 208. $8.00. [REVIEW] Political Theory 5 (1):133-136.score: 156.0
  45. T. H. Miller (2006). Book Review: Wayward Contracts: The Crisis of Political Obligation in England. [REVIEW] Political Theory 34 (2):266-268.score: 156.0
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  46. Francis Oakley (1988). Disobedience, Consent, Political Obligation: The Witness of Wessel Gansforth (C. 1419–1489). History of Political Thought 9:211-221.score: 156.0
     
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  47. A. John Simmons (2002). Political Obligation and Authority. In Robert L. Simon (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy. Blackwell.score: 156.0
     
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  48. James Weinstein (2011). Justifying the Obligation to Die: War, Ethics and Political Obligation with Illustrations From Zionism, Ilan Zvi Baron. Contemporary Political Theory 10 (4):506-508.score: 156.0
  49. Jason D'Cruz (2014). Displacement and Gratitude: Accounting for the Political Obligation of Refugees. Ethics and Global Politics 7 (1).score: 152.0
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