Search results for 'practice-based account' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Roberto Frega (2012). A Pragmatist Critique of Liberal Epistemology: Towards a Practice-Based Account of Public Reason. Critical Horizons 12 (3):293 - 316.score: 285.0
    This paper tackles with the issue of the place of comprehensive beliefs within the public space. It tries to strike a middle path between the liberal ban on comprehensive beliefs and the anti-liberal claim that comprehensive beliefs should be given full pride of place in public deliberations. The article relies on arguments that are inspired by the pragmatist tradition. It starts locating the main cause of failures at articulating comprehensive beliefs and public reason in a central feature of liberal epistemology, (...)
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  2. Christian Barry & Nicholas Southwood (2011). What Is Special About Human Rights? Ethics and International Affairs 25 (3):369-83.score: 270.0
    Despite the prevalence of human rights discourse, the very idea or concept of a human right remains obscure. In particular, it is unclear what is supposed to be special or distinctive about human rights. In this paper, we consider two recent attempts to answer this challenge, James Griffin’s “personhood account” and Charles Beitz’s “practice-based account”, and argue that neither is entirely satisfactory. We then conclude with a suggestion for what a more adequate account might look like (...)
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  3. Bernadette Loacker & Sara Louise Muhr (2009). How Can I Become a Responsible Subject? Towards a Practice-Based Ethics of Responsiveness. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):265 - 277.score: 252.0
    Approaches to business ethics can be roughly divided into two streams: ‹codes of behavior’ and ‹forms of subjectification’, with code-oriented approaches clearly dominating the field. Through an elaboration of poststructuralist approaches to moral philosophy, this paper questions the emphasis on codes of behaviour and, thus, the conceptions of the moral and responsible subject that are inherent in rule-based approaches. As a consequence of this critique, the concept of a practice-based ‹ethics of responsiveness’ in which ethics is never final but (...)
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  4. Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2012). Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.score: 189.0
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, (...)
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  5. Richard L. Lippke (2008). Response to Tudor: Remorse-Based Sentence Reductions in Theory and Practice. Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (3):259-268.score: 159.0
    Steven Tudor defends the mitigation of criminal sentences in cases in which offenders are genuinely remorseful for their crimes. More than this, he takes the principle that such remorse-based sentence reductions are appropriate to be a ‘well-settled legal principle’—so well settled, in fact, that ‘it is among those deep-seated commitments which can serve to test general theories as much as they are tested by them’. However, his account of why remorse should reduce punishment is strongly philosophical in character. He (...)
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  6. Hubert L. Dreyfus & Charles Spinosa (1999). Coping with Things-in-Themselves: A Practice-Based Phenomenological Argument for Realism. Inquiry 42 (1):49 – 78.score: 144.0
    Against Davidsonian (or deflationary) realism, it is argued that it is coherent to believe that science can in principle give us access to the functional components of the universe as they are in themselves in distinction from how they appear to us on the basis of our quotidian concerns or sensory capacities. The first section presents the deflationary realist's argument against independence. The second section then shows that, although Heidegger pioneered the deflationary realist account of the everyday, he sought (...)
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  7. James Avis (2003). Work-Based Knowledge, Evidence-Informed Practice and Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (4):369 - 389.score: 144.0
    This paper starts from an examination of an epistemological framework that underpins practice in particular educational contexts. It examines work-based knowledge, relating this to practitioner research and evidence informed practice. This is followed by an exploration of arguments that call for increased rigour in educational research as well as the use of systematic reviews. The paper examines tensions within educational research located in particular institutional contexts which draw upon 'post-modern' conceptualisations of practice, setting these against research concerned with generalisability that (...)
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  8. David Kirk (2013). Educational Value and Models-Based Practice in Physical Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (9):973-986.score: 144.0
    A models-based approach has been advocated as a means of overcoming the serious limitations of the traditional approach to physical education. One of the difficulties with this approach is that physical educators have sought to use it to achieve diverse and sometimes competing educational benefits, and these wide-ranging aspirations are rarely if ever achieved. Models-based practice offers a possible resolution to these problems by limiting the range of learning outcomes, subject matter and teaching strategies appropriate to each pedagogical model and (...)
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  9. Anne Pirrie (2001). Evidence-Based Practice in Education: The Best Medicine? British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (2):124 - 136.score: 144.0
    This paper explores the reasons why the notion of 'evidence-based' practice has gained prominence in educational research. The ascendancy of 'evidence-based' practice is attributed to a crisis of legitimation in educational research. The paper offers a critical exegesis of a systematic review conducted under the auspices of the Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) subgroup of the Cochrane Collaboration.
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  10. M. -O. Pruvost, C. Boraud & P. Chariot (2010). Skeletal Age Determination in Adolescents Involved in Judicial Procedures: From Evidence-Based Principles to Medical Practice. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):71-74.score: 144.0
    Background The ideal basis of age estimation is considered to be a combination of clinical, skeletal and dental examinations. It is not easy to determine how forensic physicians take account of evidence-based data obtained from medical journals in their medical decision-making. The question of what is an ethically acceptable probability that adolescents are incorrectly considered to be over 18 has not been answered. Methods In a retrospective study over 1 year (2007), 498 files (for 141 female subjects and 357 (...)
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  11. Glenn Deliège (2007). Toward a Richer Account of Restorative Practices. Environmental Philosophy 4 (1/2):135-147.score: 137.0
    In this paper, I investigate the possibility of a rich account of ecological restoration. Starting from the apparent one-sided focus on science and technology within the nature conservation community in Flanders, Belgium, I first present an intuitive case against a restorative practice solely based on science and technology. I then argue that what constitutes good restorative practice must be informed by the historical Arcadian tradition in which nature appreciation and subsequent conservation in the West have taken shape. However, the (...)
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  12. Gijs van Donselaar (1998). The Freedom-Based Account of Solidarity and Basic Income. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (3):313-333.score: 135.0
    Real-libertarianism, as it is expressed in Philippe Van Parijs' recent monograph Real Freedom for All is characteristically committed to both self-ownership and 'solidarity with the infirm or handicapped. In this article it is argued that the conception of (real) freedom that is used to endorse self-ownership is inconsistent with the conception of (social) freedom or opportunity that is used to justify transfer payments to those with no or low earning capacity. The problem turns around the question whether one's (...)
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  13. Elisabeth Marie Strømme, Kristine Bærøe & Ole Frithjof Norheim (2013). Disease Control Priorities for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Lessons From Priority Ranking Based on the Quality of Evidence, Cost Effectiveness, Severity of Disease, Catastrophic Health Expenditures, and Loss of Productivity. Developing World Bioethics 14 (1).score: 135.0
    Background In the context of limited health care budgets in countries where Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are endemic, scaling up disease control interventions entails the setting of priorities. However, solutions based solely on cost-effectiveness analyses may lead to biased and insufficiently justified priorities. Objectives The objectives of this paper are to 1) demonstrate how a range of equity concerns can be used to identify feasible priority setting criteria, 2) show how these criteria can be fed into a multi-criteria decision-making matrix, (...)
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  14. Daniel F. Montaldi (1985). Toward a Human Rights Based Account of the Just War. Social Theory and Practice 11 (2):123-161.score: 135.0
  15. Stéphane Lemaire (2012). A Gate-Based Account of Intentions. Dialectica 66 (1):45-67.score: 132.0
    In this paper, I propose a reductive account of intentions which I call a gate-based reductive account. In contrast with other reductive accounts, however, the reductive basis of this account is not limited to desires, beliefs and judgments. I suggest that an intention is a complex state in which a predominant desire toward a plan is not inhibited by a gate mechanism whose function is to assess the comparison of our desires given the stakes at hand. To (...)
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  16. Sandra J. Tanenbaum (2006). The Role of “Evidence” in Recovery From Mental Illness. Health Care Analysis 14 (4):195-201.score: 129.0
    Evidence-based practice (EBP), a derivative of evidence-based medicine (EBM), is ascendant in the United States’ mental health system; the findings of randomized controlled trials and other experimental research are widely considered authoritative in mental health practice and policy. The concept of recovery from mental illness is similarly pervasive in mental health programming and advocacy, and it emphasizes consumer expertise and self-determination. What is the relationship between these two powerful and potentially incompatible forces for mental health reform?This paper identifies four attempts, (...)
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  17. Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay (2006). Does Physiotherapy Management of Low Back Pain Change as a Result of an Evidence‐Based Educational Programme? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):365-375.score: 127.0
    RATIONALE: The concept of evidence-based medicine is important in providing efficient health care. The process uses research findings as the basis for clinical decision making. Evidence-based practice helps optimize current health care and enables the practitioners to be suitably accountable for the interventions they provide. Little work has been undertaken to examine how allied health professionals change their clinical practice in light of the latest evidence. The use of opinion leaders to disseminate new evidence around the management of low back (...)
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  18. Anne‐Marie Boström, Anna Ehrenberg, J. Petter Gustavsson & Lars Wallin (2009). Registered Nurses' Application of Evidence‐Based Practice: A National Survey. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1159-1163.score: 126.0
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  19. Cathy Charles, Amiram Gafni & Emily Freeman (2011). The Evidence‐Based Medicine Model of Clinical Practice: Scientific Teaching or Belief‐Based Preaching? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):597-605.score: 126.0
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  20. Claude Dussart, Pascal Pommier, Valérie Siranyan, Gilles Grelaud & Sophie Dussart (2008). Optimizing Clinical Practice with Case‐Based Reasoning Approach. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):718-720.score: 126.0
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  21. Kenneth W. M. Fulford (2011). The Value of Evidence and Evidence of Values: Bringing Together Values‐Based and Evidence‐Based Practice in Policy and Service Development in Mental Health. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):976-987.score: 126.0
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  22. Joanne Greenhalgh & Keith Meadows (1999). The Effectiveness of the Use of Patient‐Based Measures of Health in Routine Practice in Improving the Process and Outcomes of Patient Care: A Literature Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (4):401-416.score: 126.0
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  23. Helen C. Hancock & Patrick R. Easen (2004). Evidence‐Based Practice – an Incomplete Model of the Relationship Between Theory and Professional Work. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):187-196.score: 126.0
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  24. Nancy M. Salbach, Paula Veinot, Susan B. Jaglal, Mark Bayley & Danielle Rolfe (2011). From Continuing Education to Personal Digital Assistants: What Do Physical Therapists Need to Support Evidence‐Based Practice in Stroke Management? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):786-793.score: 126.0
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  25. Michael Berk & Miles Leigh Janet (1999). Evidence‐Based Psychiatric Practice: Doctrine or Trap? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (2):149-152.score: 126.0
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  26. Wolfgang A. Blank, Thorsten Meyer, Antonius Schneider & Klaus Linde (2011). Most Like It but Some Don't – Attitudes of Vocational Trainees in General Practice Towards Evidence‐Based Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):615-620.score: 126.0
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  27. J. R. Hampton (1997). Evidence‐Based Medicine, Practice Variations and Clinical Freedom. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):123-131.score: 126.0
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  28. Simon C. Kitto, Jennifer C. Peller, Elmer V. Villanueva, Russell L. Gruen & Julian A. Smith (2011). Rural Surgeons' Attitudes Towards and Usage of Evidence‐Based Medicine in Rural Surgical Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):678-683.score: 126.0
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  29. Matthew J. Leach & David Gillham (2008). Evaluation of the Evidence‐Based Practice Attitude and Utilization SurvEy for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):792-798.score: 126.0
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  30. D. B. Margetson (2000). Depth of Understanding and Excellence of Practice: The Question of Wholeness and Problem‐Based Learning. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (3):293-303.score: 126.0
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  31. Elizabeth Rous & Andrew Clark (2013). Thinking Without Knowing – Child Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy in the UK and Evidence‐Based Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):573-578.score: 126.0
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  32. John Sandars & Richard Heller (2006). Improving the Implementation of Evidence‐Based Practice: A Knowledge Management Perspective. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):341-346.score: 126.0
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  33. Fiona Simpson & Gordon S. Doig (2007). The Relative Effectiveness of Practice Change Interventions in Overcoming Common Barriers to Change: A Survey of 14 Hospitals with Experience Implementing Evidence‐Based Guidelines. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):709-715.score: 126.0
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  34. Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay (2004). Do Physiotherapists' Attitudes Towards Evidence‐Based Practice Change as a Result of an Evidence‐Based Educational Programme? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):207-217.score: 126.0
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  35. Reza Yousefi‐Nooraie, Arash Rashidian, Jennifer L. Keating & Eva Schonstein (2007). Teaching Evidence‐Based Practice: The Teachers Consider the Content. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):569-575.score: 126.0
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  36. Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann & Miranda Arkins (2011). A Multi-Professional Evidence-Based Practice Course Improved Allied Health Students' Confidence and Knowledge. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):635-639.score: 126.0
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  37. Irene Benech, Allson E. Wilson Rgn & Anthony C. Dowell (1996). Evidence‐Based Practice in Primary Care: Past, Present and Future. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (4):249-263.score: 126.0
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  38. Ben Cassidy (2013). Uncovering Values‐Based Practice: VBP's Implicit Commitments to Subjectivism and Relativism. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):547-552.score: 126.0
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  39. Rene Geanellos (2004). Nursing Based Evidence: Moving Beyond Evidence‐Based Practice in Mental Health Nursing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):177-186.score: 126.0
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  40. Sarah E. Hetrick, Alexandra G. Parker, Patrick Callahan & Rosemary Purcell (2010). Evidence Mapping: Illustrating an Emerging Methodology to Improve Evidence‐Based Practice in Youth Mental Health. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1025-1030.score: 126.0
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  41. Susan Michie, Jane Hendy, Jonathan Smith & Fiona Adshead Msc Ffph (2004). Evidence Into Practice: A Theory Based Study of Achieving National Health Targets in Primary Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):447-456.score: 126.0
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  42. Lionel H. Pazart Md Mph, Jacques Massol Md Phd & Yves Matillon Md Phd (1998). Including Practice Data to Improve Evidence‐Based Guidelines. Example of Guidelines on the Management of Thyroid Nodules. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):317-323.score: 126.0
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  43. Catherine A. O'Donnell (2004). Attitudes and Knowledge of Primary Care Professionals Towards Evidence‐Based Practice: A Postal Survey. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):197-205.score: 126.0
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  44. Paola Rosati & Franz Porzsolt (2013). A Practical Educational Tool for Teaching Child‐Care Hospital Professionals Attending Evidence‐Based Practice Courses for Continuing Medical Education to Appraise Internal Validity in Systematic Reviews. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):648-652.score: 126.0
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  45. Nancy M. Salbach & Susan B. Jaglal (2011). Creation and Validation of the Evidence‐Based Practice Confidence Scale for Health Care Professionals. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):794-800.score: 126.0
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  46. Tari Turner & Jacki Short (2013). Barriers to and Enablers of Evidence‐Based Practice in Perinatal Care in the SEA‐ORCHID Project. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):591-597.score: 126.0
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  47. Dominic Upton & Penney Upton (2006). Knowledge and Use of Evidence‐Based Practice of GPs and Hospital Doctors. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):376-384.score: 126.0
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  48. Susann Wagenknecht (2014). Collaboration in Scientific Practice—-A Social Epistemology of Research Groups. Dissertation, Aarhus Universityscore: 126.0
    This monograph investigates the collaborative creation of scientific knowledge in research groups. To do so, I combine philosophical analysis with a first-hand comparative case study of two research groups in experimental science. Qualitative data are gained through observation and interviews, and I combine empirical insights with existing approaches to knowledge creation in philosophy of science and social epistemology. -/- On the basis of my empirically-grounded analysis I make several conceptual contributions. I study scientific collaboration as the interaction of scientists within (...)
     
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