Search results for 'practice-based account' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Roberto Frega (2012). A Pragmatist Critique of Liberal Epistemology: Towards a Practice-Based Account of Public Reason. Critical Horizons 12 (3):293 - 316.score: 95.0
    This paper tackles with the issue of the place of comprehensive beliefs within the public space. It tries to strike a middle path between the liberal ban on comprehensive beliefs and the anti-liberal claim that comprehensive beliefs should be given full pride of place in public deliberations. The article relies on arguments that are inspired by the pragmatist tradition. It starts locating the main cause of failures at articulating comprehensive beliefs and public reason in a central feature of liberal epistemology, (...)
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  2. Christian Barry & Nicholas Southwood (2011). What Is Special About Human Rights? Ethics and International Affairs 25 (3):369-83.score: 90.0
    Despite the prevalence of human rights discourse, the very idea or concept of a human right remains obscure. In particular, it is unclear what is supposed to be special or distinctive about human rights. In this paper, we consider two recent attempts to answer this challenge, James Griffin’s “personhood account” and Charles Beitz’s “practice-based account”, and argue that neither is entirely satisfactory. We then conclude with a suggestion for what a more adequate account might look like (...)
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  3. Bernadette Loacker & Sara Louise Muhr (2009). How Can I Become a Responsible Subject? Towards a Practice-Based Ethics of Responsiveness. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):265 - 277.score: 84.0
    Approaches to business ethics can be roughly divided into two streams: ‹codes of behavior’ and ‹forms of subjectification’, with code-oriented approaches clearly dominating the field. Through an elaboration of poststructuralist approaches to moral philosophy, this paper questions the emphasis on codes of behaviour and, thus, the conceptions of the moral and responsible subject that are inherent in rule-based approaches. As a consequence of this critique, the concept of a practice-based ‹ethics of responsiveness’ in which ethics is never final but (...)
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  4. David Kirk (2013). Educational Value and Models-Based Practice in Physical Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (9):973-986.score: 72.0
    A models-based approach has been advocated as a means of overcoming the serious limitations of the traditional approach to physical education. One of the difficulties with this approach is that physical educators have sought to use it to achieve diverse and sometimes competing educational benefits, and these wide-ranging aspirations are rarely if ever achieved. Models-based practice offers a possible resolution to these problems by limiting the range of learning outcomes, subject matter and teaching strategies appropriate to each pedagogical model and (...)
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  5. Anne Pirrie (2001). Evidence-Based Practice in Education: The Best Medicine? British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (2):124 - 136.score: 72.0
    This paper explores the reasons why the notion of 'evidence-based' practice has gained prominence in educational research. The ascendancy of 'evidence-based' practice is attributed to a crisis of legitimation in educational research. The paper offers a critical exegesis of a systematic review conducted under the auspices of the Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) subgroup of the Cochrane Collaboration.
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  6. James Avis (2003). Work-Based Knowledge, Evidence-Informed Practice and Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (4):369 - 389.score: 72.0
    This paper starts from an examination of an epistemological framework that underpins practice in particular educational contexts. It examines work-based knowledge, relating this to practitioner research and evidence informed practice. This is followed by an exploration of arguments that call for increased rigour in educational research as well as the use of systematic reviews. The paper examines tensions within educational research located in particular institutional contexts which draw upon 'post-modern' conceptualisations of practice, setting these against research concerned with generalisability that (...)
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  7. Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2012). Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.score: 63.0
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, (...)
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  8. Cathy Charles, Amiram Gafni & Emily Freeman (2011). The Evidence‐Based Medicine Model of Clinical Practice: Scientific Teaching or Belief‐Based Preaching? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):597-605.score: 63.0
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  9. Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann & Miranda Arkins (2011). A Multi-Professional Evidence-Based Practice Course Improved Allied Health Students' Confidence and Knowledge. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):635-639.score: 63.0
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  10. Irene Benech, Allson E. Wilson Rgn & Anthony C. Dowell (1996). Evidence‐Based Practice in Primary Care: Past, Present and Future. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (4):249-263.score: 63.0
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  11. Michael Berk & Miles Leigh Janet (1999). Evidence‐Based Psychiatric Practice: Doctrine or Trap? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (2):149-152.score: 63.0
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  12. Wolfgang A. Blank, Thorsten Meyer, Antonius Schneider & Klaus Linde (2011). Most Like It but Some Don't – Attitudes of Vocational Trainees in General Practice Towards Evidence‐Based Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):615-620.score: 63.0
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  13. Anne‐Marie Boström, Anna Ehrenberg, J. Petter Gustavsson & Lars Wallin (2009). Registered Nurses' Application of Evidence‐Based Practice: A National Survey. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1159-1163.score: 63.0
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  14. Ben Cassidy (2013). Uncovering Values‐Based Practice: VBP's Implicit Commitments to Subjectivism and Relativism. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):547-552.score: 63.0
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  15. Claude Dussart, Pascal Pommier, Valérie Siranyan, Gilles Grelaud & Sophie Dussart (2008). Optimizing Clinical Practice with Case‐Based Reasoning Approach. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):718-720.score: 63.0
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  16. Kenneth W. M. Fulford (2011). The Value of Evidence and Evidence of Values: Bringing Together Values‐Based and Evidence‐Based Practice in Policy and Service Development in Mental Health. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):976-987.score: 63.0
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  17. Rene Geanellos (2004). Nursing Based Evidence: Moving Beyond Evidence‐Based Practice in Mental Health Nursing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):177-186.score: 63.0
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  18. Joanne Greenhalgh & Keith Meadows (1999). The Effectiveness of the Use of Patient‐Based Measures of Health in Routine Practice in Improving the Process and Outcomes of Patient Care: A Literature Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (4):401-416.score: 63.0
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  19. J. R. Hampton (1997). Evidence‐Based Medicine, Practice Variations and Clinical Freedom. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):123-131.score: 63.0
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  20. Helen C. Hancock & Patrick R. Easen (2004). Evidence‐Based Practice – an Incomplete Model of the Relationship Between Theory and Professional Work. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):187-196.score: 63.0
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  21. Sarah E. Hetrick, Alexandra G. Parker, Patrick Callahan & Rosemary Purcell (2010). Evidence Mapping: Illustrating an Emerging Methodology to Improve Evidence‐Based Practice in Youth Mental Health. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1025-1030.score: 63.0
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  22. Simon C. Kitto, Jennifer C. Peller, Elmer V. Villanueva, Russell L. Gruen & Julian A. Smith (2011). Rural Surgeons' Attitudes Towards and Usage of Evidence‐Based Medicine in Rural Surgical Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):678-683.score: 63.0
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  23. Matthew J. Leach & David Gillham (2008). Evaluation of the Evidence‐Based Practice Attitude and Utilization SurvEy for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):792-798.score: 63.0
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  24. D. B. Margetson (2000). Depth of Understanding and Excellence of Practice: The Question of Wholeness and Problem‐Based Learning. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (3):293-303.score: 63.0
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  25. Susan Michie, Jane Hendy, Jonathan Smith & Fiona Adshead Msc Ffph (2004). Evidence Into Practice: A Theory Based Study of Achieving National Health Targets in Primary Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):447-456.score: 63.0
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  26. Lionel H. Pazart Md Mph, Jacques Massol Md Phd & Yves Matillon Md Phd (1998). Including Practice Data to Improve Evidence‐Based Guidelines. Example of Guidelines on the Management of Thyroid Nodules. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):317-323.score: 63.0
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  27. Catherine A. O'Donnell (2004). Attitudes and Knowledge of Primary Care Professionals Towards Evidence‐Based Practice: A Postal Survey. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):197-205.score: 63.0
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  28. Paola Rosati & Franz Porzsolt (2013). A Practical Educational Tool for Teaching Child‐Care Hospital Professionals Attending Evidence‐Based Practice Courses for Continuing Medical Education to Appraise Internal Validity in Systematic Reviews. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):648-652.score: 63.0
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  29. Elizabeth Rous & Andrew Clark (2013). Thinking Without Knowing – Child Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy in the UK and Evidence‐Based Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):573-578.score: 63.0
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  30. Nancy M. Salbach & Susan B. Jaglal (2011). Creation and Validation of the Evidence‐Based Practice Confidence Scale for Health Care Professionals. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):794-800.score: 63.0
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  31. Nancy M. Salbach, Paula Veinot, Susan B. Jaglal, Mark Bayley & Danielle Rolfe (2011). From Continuing Education to Personal Digital Assistants: What Do Physical Therapists Need to Support Evidence‐Based Practice in Stroke Management? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):786-793.score: 63.0
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  32. John Sandars & Richard Heller (2006). Improving the Implementation of Evidence‐Based Practice: A Knowledge Management Perspective. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):341-346.score: 63.0
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  33. Fiona Simpson & Gordon S. Doig (2007). The Relative Effectiveness of Practice Change Interventions in Overcoming Common Barriers to Change: A Survey of 14 Hospitals with Experience Implementing Evidence‐Based Guidelines. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):709-715.score: 63.0
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  34. Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay (2004). Do Physiotherapists' Attitudes Towards Evidence‐Based Practice Change as a Result of an Evidence‐Based Educational Programme? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):207-217.score: 63.0
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  35. Tari Turner & Jacki Short (2013). Barriers to and Enablers of Evidence‐Based Practice in Perinatal Care in the SEA‐ORCHID Project. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):591-597.score: 63.0
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  36. Dominic Upton & Penney Upton (2006). Knowledge and Use of Evidence‐Based Practice of GPs and Hospital Doctors. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):376-384.score: 63.0
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  37. Jane M. Young & Jeanette E. Ward (2001). Evidence‐Based Medicine in General Practice: Beliefs and Barriers Among Australian GPs. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (2):201-210.score: 63.0
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  38. Reza Yousefi‐Nooraie, Arash Rashidian, Jennifer L. Keating & Eva Schonstein (2007). Teaching Evidence‐Based Practice: The Teachers Consider the Content. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):569-575.score: 63.0
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  39. Stefanos Mantzoukas (2007). The Evidence-Based Practice Ideologies. Nursing Philosophy 8 (4):244-255.score: 60.0
  40. Don Flaming (2001). Using Phronesis Instead of 'Research-Based Practice' as the Guiding Light for Nursing Practice. Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):251-258.score: 60.0
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  41. Joyce S. R. Yee (2010). Methodological Innovation in Practice-Based Design Doctorates. Journal of Research Practice 6 (2):Article M15.score: 59.0
    This article presents a selective review of recent design PhDs that identify and analyse the methodological innovation that is occurring in the field, in order to inform future provision of research training. Six recently completed design PhDs are used to highlight possible philosophical and practical models that can be adopted by future PhD students in design. Four characteristics were found in design PhD methodology: innovations in the format and structure of the thesis, a pick-and-mix approach to research design, situating practice (...)
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  42. Ronald Loeffler (2009). Neo-Pragmatist (Practice-Based) Theories of Meaning. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):197-218.score: 56.0
    In recent years, several systematic theories of linguistic meaning have been offered that give pride of place to linguistic practice, or the process of linguistic communication. Often these theories are referred to as neo-pragmatist or new pragmatist; I call them 'practice-based'. According to practice-based theories of meaning, the process of linguistic communication is somehow constitutive of, or otherwise essential for the existence of, propositional linguistic meaning. Moreover, these theories disavow, or downplay, the semantic importance of inflationary notions of (...)
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  43. Jessica M. Wilson (2013). A Determinable-Based Account of Metaphysical Indeterminacy. Inquiry 56 (4):359–385.score: 56.0
    Many phenomena appear to be indeterminate, including material macro-object boundaries, predicates or properties admitting of borderline cases, and certain open future claims. Here I provide an account of indeterminacy in metaphysical, rather than semantic or epistemic, terms. Previous such accounts have been "meta-level" accounts, taking metaphysical indeterminacy (MI) to involve its being indeterminate which of various determinate states of affairs obtain. On my alternative, "object-level" account, MI involves its being determinate (or just plain true) that an indeterminate (less (...)
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  44. Stéphane Lemaire (2012). A Gate-Based Account of Intentions. Dialectica 66 (1):45-67.score: 56.0
    In this paper, I propose a reductive account of intentions which I call a gate-based reductive account. In contrast with other reductive accounts, however, the reductive basis of this account is not limited to desires, beliefs and judgments. I suggest that an intention is a complex state in which a predominant desire toward a plan is not inhibited by a gate mechanism whose function is to assess the comparison of our desires given the stakes at hand. To (...)
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  45. John Fitzgerald, Extending Justice: A Rights-Based Account of Our Obligations to Distant People.score: 56.0
    This thesis examines a prima facie tension between the narrow scope of social justice proposed by many liberal, rights-based accounts, and the intuition that we have a strong obligation to help distant people who are in great need. 'Distant people' in this instance are people who do not share our nationality, or those who will come to exist as members of future generations. Ways in which liberal, right-based theories of political philosophy can resolve this tension are examined, and the thesis (...)
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  46. Lucy Finchett-Maddock (2008). An Anarchist's Wetherspoons or Virtuous Resistance? Social Centres as MacIntyre's Vision of Practice-Based Communities. Philosophy of Management 7 (1):21-31.score: 56.0
    This paper uses narrative from the social centre movement in the UK to argue that social centres are examples of the MacIntyrean small communities that can virtuously resist the overbearing market influence. Looking at the contrast between rented and squatted centres, the paper argues that those that are squatted are practice-based communities, and those that are rented, are institutions. This therefore highlights the interrupting role of the market and argues that the rented centres are incompatible with MacIntyre’s ideal.
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  47. Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Tom Meulenbergs, Lut van de Vijver, Anne Tanghe & Chris Gastmans (2002). Ethics Meetings in Support of Good Nursing Care: Some Practice-Based Thoughts. Nursing Ethics 9 (6):612-622.score: 56.0
    The purpose of this article is to clarify both the role of nurses in ethics meetings and the way in which ethics meetings can function as a catalyst for good nursing care. The thoughts presented are practice based; they arose from our practical experiences as nurses and ethicists with ethics meetings in health care organizations in Belgium. Our reflections are written from the perspective of the nurse in the field who is participating in (inter)professional ethical dialogue. First, the difficulties that (...)
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  48. Luís Duarte D'Almeida (2013). A Proof-Based Account of Legal Exceptions. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (1):133-168.score: 56.0
    I propose and defend a proof-based account of legal exceptions. The basic thought is that the characteristic behaviour of exceptions is to be explained in terms of the distinction, relative to some given decision-type C in some decision-making context, between two classes of relevant facts: those that may, and those that may not, remain uncertain if a token decision C is to count as correctly made. The former is the class of exceptions. A fact F is an exception relative (...)
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  49. Eran Tal (2012). The Epistemology of Measurement: A Model-Based Account. Dissertation, University of Torontoscore: 54.0
    This work develops an epistemology of measurement, that is, an account of the conditions under which measurement and standardization methods produce knowledge as well as the nature, scope, and limits of this knowledge. I focus on three questions: (i) how is it possible to tell whether an instrument measures the quantity it is intended to? (ii) what do claims to measurement accuracy amount to, and how might such claims be justified? (iii) when is disagreement among instruments a sign of (...)
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  50. Micah Lott (2002). Reasonably Traditional: Self-Contradiction and Self-Reference in Alasdair MacIntyre's Account of Tradition-Based Rationality. Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (3):315 - 339.score: 54.0
    Alasdair MacIntyre's account of tradition-based rationality has been the subject of much discussion, as well as the object of some recent charges of inconsistency. The author considers arguments by Jennifer Herdt, Peter Mehl, and John Haldane which attempt to show that MacIntyre's account of rationality is, in some way, inconsistent. It is argued that the various charges of inconsistency brought against MacIntyre by these critics can be understood as variations on two general types of criticism: (1) that MacIntyre's (...)
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