Search results for 'prior restraint' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Michael McFall (2009). Licensing Parents: Family, State, and Child Maltreatment. Rowman and Littlefield.score: 60.0
    In Licensing Parents, Michael McFall argues that political structures, economics, education, racism, and sexism are secondary in importance to the inequality caused by families, and that the family plays the primary role in a child's acquisition of a sense of justice. He demonstrates that examination of the family is necessary in political philosophy and that informal structures (families) and considerations (character formation) must be taken seriously. McFall advocates a threshold that should be accepted by all political philosophers: children should not (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. A. N. Prior (2003). Papers on Time and Tense. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This is a revised and expanded edition of a seminal work in the logic and philosophy of time, originally published in 1968. Arthur N. Prior (1914-1969) was the founding father of temporal logic, and his book offers an excellent introduction to the fundamental questions in the field. Several important papers have been added to the original selection, as well as a comprehensive bibliography of Prior's work and an illuminating interview with his widow, Mary Prior. In addition, the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Y. Deenadayalan, K. Grimmer‐Somers, M. Prior & S. Kumar (2008). How to Run an Effective Journal Club: A Systematic Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):898-911.score: 60.0
    BACKGROUND: Health-based journal clubs have been in place for over 100 years. Participants meet regularly to critique research articles, to improve their understanding of research design, statistics and critical appraisal. However, there is no standard process of conducting an effective journal club. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify core processes of a successful health journal club. METHOD: We searched a range of library databases using established keywords. All research designs were initially considered to establish the body of evidence. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. A. N. Prior (1996). Two Essays on Temporal Realism'. In B. Jack Copeland (ed.), Logic and Reality: Essays on the Legacy of Arthur Prior. Oxford University Press. 43.score: 60.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Frank Jackson, Robert Pargetter & E. W. Prior (1982). Functionalism and Type-Type Identity Theories. Philosophical Studies 42 (September):209-25.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Re'em Segev (2008). Freedom of Expression: Justifications & Restrictions. Israel Democracy Institute.score: 30.0
    "Freedom of expression" is a complex notion that reflects various considerations and raises many questions related to their content and interaction. This paper is an abstract of a book that considers general aspects regarding the justification and the limits of freedom of expression and analyzes exiting law in light of this normative discussion. Particularly, it considers the way to determine the proper scope of freedom of expression; first-order and second-order considerations in favor and against freedom of expression, both in general (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Stephen Prior & Henrik Rosenmeier (1979). Other Minds and the Arment From Analogy. Philosophical Investigations 2 (4):12-33.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. William J. Prior (1980). Platonica: The Anecdotes Concerning the Life and Writings of Plato. Journal of the History of Philosophy 18 (1):80-81.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. A. N. Prior (1962). Limited Indeterminism. Review of Metaphysics 16 (September):55-61.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. E. H. Hutten, A. Watson, H. Hudson, R. G. Durrant, D. H. Monro, P. F. Strawson, A. N. Prior, E. J. Lemmon, J. L. Evans, R. N. Smart, G. M. Matthews, S. Körner, William Gerber & W. G. Roll (1959). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 68 (271):405-431.score: 30.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. William J. Prior (1987). The Platonic Cosmology. Journal of the History of Philosophy 25 (4):585-586.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. William J. Prior, Ed L. Miller, Malcolm Jack & Rolf George (1979). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):369-370.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. A. N. Prior (1968). Intentionality and Intensionality, Part II. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:91-106.score: 30.0
  14. Stephen Prior & Henrik Rosenmeier (1979). Other Minds and the Argument From. Philosophical Investigations 2:12-33.score: 30.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Miriam F. Weismann (2009). The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: The Failure of the Self-Regulatory Model of Corporate Governance in the Global Business Environment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):615 - 661.score: 24.0
    The American regulatory model of corporate governance rests on the theory of self-regulation as␣the most effective and efficient means to achieve corporate self-restraint in the marketplace. However, that model fails to achieve regular compliance with baseline ethical and legal behaviors as evidenced by a century of repeated corporate debacles, the most recent being Enron, WorldCom, and Refco. Seemingly impervious to its domestic failure, Congress imprinted the same self-regulation paradigm on legislation restraining global business behavior, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Franz Dietrich & Christian List (2013). Reasons for (Prior) Belief in Bayesian Epistemology. Synthese 190 (5):781-786.score: 24.0
    Bayesian epistemology tells us with great precision how we should move from prior to posterior beliefs in light of new evidence or information, but says little about where our prior beliefs come from. It offers few resources to describe some prior beliefs as rational or well-justified, and others as irrational or unreasonable. A different strand of epistemology takes the central epistemological question to be not how to change one’s beliefs in light of new evidence, but what reasons (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Charles Sayward (1987). Prior’s Theory of Truth. Analysis 47 (2):83-87.score: 24.0
    This paper is a critical exposition of Prior’s theory of truth as expressed by the following truth locutions: (1) ‘it is true that’ prefixed to sentences; (2) ‘true proposition’; (3) true belief’, ‘true assertion’, ‘true statement’, etc.; (4) ‘true sentence’.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Christopher J. Eberle (2006). Religion, Pacifism, and the Doctrine of Restraint. Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (2):203 - 224.score: 24.0
    The doctrine of restraint is the claim that citizens and legislators ought to restrain themselves from making political decisions solely on religious grounds. That doctrine is normally construed as a general constraint on religious arguments: an exclusively religious rationale "as such" is an inappropriate basis for a political decision, particularly a coercive political decision. However, the most common arguments for the doctrine of restraint fail to show that citizens and legislators ought to obey the doctrine of restraint, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Jc Beall (2012). A Neglected Reply to Prior’s Dilemma. In James Maclaurin (ed.), Rationis Defensor.score: 24.0
    This paper offers a novel reply to Prior’s dilemma (for the Is/Ought principle), advocating a so-called Weak Kleene framework motivated by two not uncommon thoughts in the debate, namely, that ought statements are identified as those that use ‘ought’, and that ought statements are ‘funny’ in ways that is statements aren’t (e.g., perhaps sometimes being ‘gappy’ with respect to truth and falsity).
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Sten Ebbesen (2010). The Prior Analytics in the Latin West: 12th-13th Centuries. Vivarium 48 (1-2):96-133.score: 24.0
    This study contains three parts. The first tries to follow the spread of the study of the Prior Analytics in the first two centuries during which it was at all studied in Western Europe, providing in this connection a non-exhaustive list of extant commentaries. Part II points to a certain overlap between commentaries on the Prior Analytics and works from the genre of sophismata . Part III lists the questions discussed in a students' compendium from about the 1240s (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Birgit Schaffar (2014). Changing the Definition of Education. On Kant's Educational Paradox Between Freedom and Restraint. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):5-21.score: 24.0
    Ever since Kant asked: “How am I to develop the sense of freedom in spite of the restraint?” in his lecture on education, the tension between necessary educational influence and unacceptable restriction of the child’s individual development and freedom has been considered an educational paradox. Many have suggested solutions to the paradox; however, this article endorses recent discussions in educational philosophy that pursue the need to fundamentally rethink our understanding of education and upbringing. In this article it is argued (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Christopher J. Martin (2010). They Had Added Not a Single Tiny Proposition: The Reception of the Prior Analytics in the First Half of the Twelfth Century. Vivarium 48 (1-2):159-192.score: 24.0
    A study of the reception of Aristotle's Prior Analytics in the first half of the twelfth century. It is shown that Peter Abaelard was perhaps acquainted with as much as the first seven chapters of Book I of the Prior Analytics but with no more. The appearance at the beginning of the twelfth century of a short list of dialectical loci which has puzzled earlier commentators is explained by noting that this list formalises the classification of extensional relations (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1996). Intentionality and Truth: An Essay on the Philosophy of Arthur Prior. kluwer.score: 24.0
    This book says Prior claims: (1) that a sentence never names; (2) what a sentence says cannot be otherwise signified; and (3) that a sentence says what it says whatever the type of its occurrence; (4) and that quantifications binding sentential variables are neither eliminable, substitutional, nor referential. The book develops and defends (1)-(3). It also defends (4) against the sorts of strictures on quantification of such philosophers as Quine and Davidson.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1977). Prior’s Theory of Propositions. Analysis 37 (3):104-112.score: 24.0
    Prior propounded a theory that, if correct, explains how it is possible for a statement about propositions to be true even if there are no propositions. The major feature of his theory is his treatment of sentence letters as bindable variables in non-referential positions. His theory, however, does not include a semantical account of the resulting quantification. The paper tries to fill that gap.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Guido R. Zanni & Paul F. Stavis (2007). The Effectiveness and Ethical Justification of Psychiatric Outpatient Commitment. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):31 – 41.score: 24.0
    Studies link involuntary outpatient commitment with improved patient outcomes, fueling debate on its ethical justification. This study compares inpatient utilization for committed outpatients in the 1990s with those who were not under outpatient civil commitment orders. Findings reveal committed outpatients had higher utilization of inpatient services and restraint episodes prior to their commitment compared with a control group. Committed outpatients also were more likely to have been on discharge status at the time of admission, have been admitted involuntarily (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Max Cresswell (2013). Axiomatising the Prior Future in Predicate Logic. Logica Universalis 7 (1):87-101.score: 24.0
    Prior investigated a tense logic with an operator for ‘historical necessity’, where a proposition is necessary at a time iff it is true at that time in all worlds ‘accessible’ from that time. Axiomatisations of this logic all seem to require non-standard axioms or rules. The present paper presents an axiomatisation of a first-order version of Prior’s logic by using a predicate which enables any time to be picked out by an individual in the domain of interpretation.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Per F. V. Hasle (2012). The Problem of Predestination: As a Prelude to A. N. Prior's Tense Logic. [REVIEW] Synthese 188 (3):331-347.score: 24.0
    Arthur Norman Prior's early theological writings have been relatively neglected for many years. Moreover, to the extent that they have been discussed at all they have been treated mainly as youthful work quite separate from Prior's later work as a philosopher and logician. However, as interest in Prior's achievements has been growing significantly in recent years it has become more important to investigate the development with his overall work. In fact, Prior's putatively "youthful" theological work overlapped (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1991). Prior and Lorenzen on Quantification. Grazer Philosophishe Studien 41:150-173.score: 24.0
    A case against Prior’s theory of propositions goes thus: (1) everyday propositional generalizations are not substitutional; (2) Priorean quantifications are not objectual; (3) quantifications are substitutional if not objectual; (4) thus, Priorean quantifications are substitutional; (5) thus that Priorean quantifications are not ontologically committed to propositions provides no basis for a similar claim about our everyday propositional generalizations. Prior agrees with (1) and (2). He rejects (3), but fails to support that rejection with an account of quantification on (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1976). Prior on Propositional Identity. Analysis 36 (4):182-184.score: 24.0
    Let A, B, C stand for sentences expressing propositions; let A be a component of C; let C A/B be just like C except for replacing some occurrence of A in C by an occurrence of B; let = be a binary connective for propositional identity read as ‘the proposition that __ is the very same proposition as …’. Then authors defend adding ‘from C = C A/B infer A = B’ to Prior’s rules for propositional identity, appearing in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Sara L. Uckelman (2012). Prior on an Insolubilium of Jean Buridan. Synthese 188 (3):487-498.score: 24.0
    We present Prior's discussion of a puzzle about valditity found in the writings of the fourteenth-century French logician Jean Buridan and show how Prior's study of this puzzle may have provided the conceptual inspiration for his development of hybrid logic.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Paolo Crivelli & David Charles (2011). ΠΡΟΤΑΣΙΣ' in Aristotle's "Prior Analytics. Phronesis 56 (3):193 - 203.score: 24.0
    It has often been claimed that (i) Aristotle's expression 'protasis' means 'premiss' in syllogistic contexts and (ii) cannot refer to the conclusion of a syllogism in the Prior Analytics. In this essay we produce and defend a counter-example to these two claims. We argue that (i) the basic meaning of the expression is 'proposition' and (ii) while it is often used to refer to the premisses of a syllogism, in Prior Analytics 1.29, 45b4-8 it is used to refer (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Sabine Goethals, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans (2013). Nurses' Ethical Reasoning in Cases of Physical Restraint in Acute Elderly Care: A Qualitative Study. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):983-991.score: 24.0
    In their practice, nurses make daily decisions that are ethically informed. An ethical decision is the result of a complex reasoning process based on knowledge and experience and driven by ethical values. Especially in acute elderly care and more specifically decisions concerning the use of physical restraint require a thoughtful deliberation of the different values at stake. Qualitative evidence concerning nurses’ decision-making in cases of physical restraint provided important insights in the complexity of decision-making as a trajectory. However (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. John E. Richardson & Albert Atkin (2006). 'You're Being Unreasonable': Prior and Passing Theories of Critical Discussion. Argumentation 20 (2):149-166.score: 24.0
    A key and continuing concern within the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation is how to account for effective persuasion disciplined by dialectical rationality. Currently, van Eemeren and Houtlosser offer one response to this concern in the form of strategic manoeuvring. This paper offers a prior/passing theory of communicative interaction as a supplement to the strategic manoeuvring approach. Our use of a prior/passing model investigates how a difference of opinion can be resolved while both dialectic obligations of reasonableness and rhetorical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Ruth Ben-Yashar & Shmuel Nitzan (forthcoming). On the Significance of the Prior of a Correct Decision in Committees. Theory and Decision:1-11.score: 24.0
    The current note clarifies why, in committees, the prior probability of a correct collective choice might be of particular significance and possibly should sometimes even be the sole appropriate basis for making the collective decision. In particular, we present sufficient conditions for the superiority of a rule based solely on the prior relative to the simple majority rule, even when the decisional skills of the committee members are assumed to be homogeneous.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Daniel A. Morris (2014). Reason and Emotion in the Ethics of Self‐Restraint. Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (3):495-515.score: 24.0
    In this essay I argue that Reinhold Niebuhr's ethics of self-restraint, though promising, is based on an incomplete and imprecise moral psychology. Although Niebuhr claims that reason cannot provide a sufficient grounding to motivate self-restraint, he does not disclose which human capacity might serve this purpose. I suggest that we can address this oversight by strengthening Niebuhr's tentative embrace of David Hume, and by developing a concept of the emotions in order to explain how human beings can cultivate (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Yasuhito Nagai, Mayu Suzuki, Makoto Miyazaki & Shigeru Kitazawa (2012). Acquisition of Multiple Prior Distributions in Tactile Temporal Order Judgment. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The Bayesian estimation theory proposes that the brain acquires the prior distribution of a task and integrates it with sensory signals to minimize the effect of sensory noise. Psychophysical studies have demonstrated that our brain actually implements Bayesian estimation in a variety of sensory-motor tasks. However, these studies only imposed one prior distribution on participants within a task period. In this study, we investigated the conditions that enable the acquisition of multiple prior distributions in temporal order judgment (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Shigeru Kitazawa Yasuhito Nagai, Mayu Suzuki, Makoto Miyazaki (2012). Acquisition of Multiple Prior Distributions in Tactile Temporal Order Judgment. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The Bayesian estimation theory proposes that the brain acquires the prior distribution of a task and integrates it with sensory signals to minimize the effect of sensory noise. Psychophysical studies have demonstrated that our brain actually implements Bayesian estimation in a variety of sensory-motor tasks. However, these studies only imposed one prior distribution on participants within a task period. In this study, we investigated the conditions that enable the acquisition of multiple prior distributions in temporal order judgment (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Christina Fang, Sari Carp & Zur Shapira (2011). Prior Divergence: Do Researchers and Participants Share the Same Prior Probability Distributions? Cognitive Science 35 (4):744-762.score: 22.0
    Do participants bring their own priors to an experiment? If so, do they share the same priors as the researchers who design the experiment? In this article, we examine the extent to which self-generated priors conform to experimenters’ expectations by explicitly asking participants to indicate their own priors in estimating the probability of a variety of events. We find in Study 1 that despite being instructed to follow a uniform distribution, participants appear to have used their own priors, which deviated (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. John P. McCaskey (2007). Freeing Aristotelian Epagōgē From "Prior Analytics" II 23. Apeiron 40 (4):345 - 374.score: 21.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Kenneth O. Eck & David R. Thomas (1970). Discrimination Learning as a Function of Prior Discrimination and Nondifferential Training: A Replication. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):511.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Jonathan Barnes & Susanne Bobzien (1991). Alexander of Aphrodisias' on Aristotle's Prior Analytics 1.1-7. Duckworth.score: 21.0
    ABSTRACT: English translation of the 2nd/3rd century Peripatetic Philosopher's Alexander of Aphrodisias commentary on Aristotle's non-modal syllogistic, i.e. on one of the most influential logical texts of all times. -/- Volume includes introduction on Alexander of Aphrodisias and the early commentators, translation with notes and comments, appendices with a new translation of Aristotle's text, a summary of Aristotle's non-modal syllogistic and textual notes.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Gary A. Davis & Mary E. Manske (1968). Effects of Prior Serial Learning of Solution Words Upon Anagram Problem Solving: A Serial Position Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):101.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Stefan Grotefeld (2000). Self-Restraint and the Principle of Consent: Some Considerations of the Liberal Conception of Political Legitmacy. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (1):77-92.score: 21.0
    This article discusses the legitimacy argument on which many liberals ground their demand for restraining the use of religious convictions in processes of political deliberation and decision making. According to this argument the exercise of political power can only be justified by 'neutral' grounds, i.e. grounds that are able to find reciprocal, hypothetical consent. The author argues that this understanding of political legitimacy is not distinctive of the liberal tradition. His thesis is that reciprocal, hypothetical consent is not sufficient and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Henry G. Cornwell (1963). Prior Experience as a Determinant of Figure-Ground Organization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (2):156.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Ralph Norman Haber (1965). Effect of Prior Knowledge of the Stimulus on Word-Recognition Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):282.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. L. R. Hartley (1973). Effect of Prior Noise or Prior Performance on Serial Reaction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):255.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Frederick D. Abraham & James C. Taylor (1967). Prior Relevance and Dimensional Homogeneity of Partially Reinforced Dimensions After Nonreversal Shifts in Concept Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):276.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Philip Brickman & Scott M. Pierce (1972). Estimates of Conditional Probabilities of Confirming Versus Disconfirming Events as a Function of Inference Situation and Prior Evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):235.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. David G. Elmes (1969). Role of Prior Recalls and Storage Load in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):468.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Eleanor J. Gibson, Richard Bergman & Jean Purdy (1955). The Effect of Prior Training with a Scale of Distance on Absolute and Relative Judgments of Distance Over Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (2):97.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000