Search results for 'prior restraint' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Moody E. Prior (1979). Mrs. Stowe's Uncle Tom. Critical Inquiry 5 (4):635-650.
    The character of Tom has the proportions of a mythic figure. His story has little of the melodrama of the secondary plot for his heroism in meeting the trials of slavery is manifested not in outward risks and adventures but in inner strength. In Simon Legree, Tom's final adversary, Stowe provides a perfect antithesis, an ultimate image of what slavery must do to the master who takes advantage of his position and uses his power without restraint; for Legree is (...)
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  2.  90
    A. N. Prior (2003). Papers on Time and Tense. Oxford University Press.
    This is a revised and expanded edition of a seminal work in the logic and philosophy of time, originally published in 1968. Arthur N. Prior (1914-1969) was the founding father of temporal logic, and his book offers an excellent introduction to the fundamental questions in the field. Several important papers have been added to the original selection, as well as a comprehensive bibliography of Prior's work and an illuminating interview with his widow, Mary Prior. In addition, the (...)
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  3.  25
    Arthur N. Prior (2004). Changes in Events and Changes in Things. In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. OUP Oxford
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 1962, given by Arthur N. Prior (1914-1969).
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  4.  92
    Michael McFall (2009). Licensing Parents: Family, State, and Child Maltreatment. Rowman and Littlefield.
    In Licensing Parents, Michael McFall argues that political structures, economics, education, racism, and sexism are secondary in importance to the inequality caused by families, and that the family plays the primary role in a child's acquisition of a sense of justice. He demonstrates that examination of the family is necessary in political philosophy and that informal structures (families) and considerations (character formation) must be taken seriously. McFall advocates a threshold that should be accepted by all political philosophers: children should not (...)
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  5. A. N. Prior (1996). Two Essays on Temporal Realism'. In B. Jack Copeland (ed.), Logic and Reality: Essays on the Legacy of Arthur Prior. Oxford University Press 43.
     
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  6.  13
    Y. Deenadayalan, K. Grimmer‐Somers, M. Prior & S. Kumar (2008). How to Run an Effective Journal Club: A Systematic Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):898-911.
    BACKGROUND: Health-based journal clubs have been in place for over 100 years. Participants meet regularly to critique research articles, to improve their understanding of research design, statistics and critical appraisal. However, there is no standard process of conducting an effective journal club. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify core processes of a successful health journal club. METHOD: We searched a range of library databases using established keywords. All research designs were initially considered to establish the body of evidence. (...)
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  7.  1
    Arthur N. Prior (2002). Objets de Pensée. Vrin.
    Dans Objets de pensée, Arthur Prior a condensé un certain nombre de thèmes directeurs de sa philosophie autour de deux centres d’intérêt : “Ce que nous pensons” et “Ce sur quoi nous pensons”. Le terme d’objet de pensée peut en effet désigner soit le contenu des représentations que nous formons, soit l’objet de notre pensée. Dans le premier cas, il s’agit de déterminer la nature des relations que le contenu de nos représentations entretient d’un côté avec les faits, de (...)
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  8. Frank Jackson, Robert Pargetter & E. W. Prior (1982). Functionalism and Type-Type Identity Theories. Philosophical Studies 42 (September):209-25.
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  9. A. N. Prior (1968). Intentionality and Intensionality, Part II. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:91-106.
  10.  17
    Stephen Prior & Henrik Rosenmeier (1979). Other Minds and the Arment From Analogy. Philosophical Investigations 2 (4):12-33.
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  11.  17
    A. N. Prior (1962). Limited Indeterminism. Review of Metaphysics 16 (September):55-61.
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  12.  15
    William J. Prior (1987). The Platonic Cosmology. Journal of the History of Philosophy 25 (4):585-586.
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  13.  14
    William J. Prior (1980). Platonica: The Anecdotes Concerning the Life and Writings of Plato. Journal of the History of Philosophy 18 (1):80-81.
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  14.  9
    William J. Prior, Ed L. Miller, Malcolm Jack & Rolf George (1979). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):369-370.
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  15. Stephen Prior & Henrik Rosenmeier (1979). Other Minds and the Argument From. Philosophical Investigations 2:12-33.
     
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  16.  52
    Re'em Segev (2008). Freedom of Expression: Justifications & Restrictions. Israel Democracy Institute.
    "Freedom of expression" is a complex notion that reflects various considerations and raises many questions related to their content and interaction. This paper is an abstract of a book that considers general aspects regarding the justification and the limits of freedom of expression and analyzes exiting law in light of this normative discussion. Particularly, it considers the way to determine the proper scope of freedom of expression; first-order and second-order considerations in favor and against freedom of expression, both in general (...)
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  17.  44
    Andrew Bacon, John Hawthorne & Gabriel Uzquiano (forthcoming). Higher-Order Free Logic and the Prior-Kaplan Paradox. Canadian Journal of Philosophy.
    The principle of Universal Instantiation plays a pivotal role both in the derivation of intensional paradoxes such as Prior's paradox or Kaplan's paradox and the debate between necessitism and contingentism. We outline a distinctively free-logical approach to the intensional paradoxes and note how the free-logical outlook allows one to distinguish two different, though allied themes in higher-order necessitism. We examine the costs of this solution and compare it with the more familiar ramificationist approaches to higher-order logic. Our assessment of (...)
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  18.  39
    Paul Billingham (forthcoming). Review Essay: Consensus, Convergence, Restraint, and Religion. Journal of Moral Philosophy.
    This essay critically assesses the central claim of Kevin Vallier’s Liberal Politics and Public Faith: that public religious faith and public reason liberalism can be reconciled, because the values underlying public reason liberalism should lead us to endorse the ‘convergence view’, rather than the mainstream consensus view. The convergence view is friendlier to religious faith, because it jettisons the consensus view’s much-criticised ‘duty of restraint’. I present several challenges to Vallier’s claim. Firstly, if Vallier is right to reject the (...)
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  19. Miriam F. Weismann (2009). The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: The Failure of the Self-Regulatory Model of Corporate Governance in the Global Business Environment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):615 - 661.
    The American regulatory model of corporate governance rests on the theory of self-regulation as␣the most effective and efficient means to achieve corporate self-restraint in the marketplace. However, that model fails to achieve regular compliance with baseline ethical and legal behaviors as evidenced by a century of repeated corporate debacles, the most recent being Enron, WorldCom, and Refco. Seemingly impervious to its domestic failure, Congress imprinted the same self-regulation paradigm on legislation restraining global business behavior, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. (...)
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  20.  7
    M. J. Cresswell (forthcoming). Prior on the Semantics of Modal and Tense Logic. Synthese:1-17.
    In celebrating Arthur Prior we celebrate what he gave to the world. Much of this is measured by what others have made of his ideas after his death. The focus of this paper is a little different. It looks at what Prior himself thought he was accomplishing. In particular it considers Prior’s attitude to the semantic metatheory of the logics that he was interested in. The paper sets out some characteristics of the metalogical study of intensional languages (...)
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  21.  6
    Patrick Blackburn & Klaus Frovin Jørgensen (forthcoming). Arthur Prior and ‘Now’. Synthese:1-12.
    On the 4th of December 1967, Hans Kamp sent his UCLA seminar notes on the logic of ‘now’ to Arthur N. Prior. Kamp’s two-dimensional analysis stimulated Prior to an intense burst of creativity in which he sought to integrate Kamp’s work into tense logic using a one-dimensional approach. Prior’s search led him through the work of Castañeda, and back to his own work on hybrid logic: the first made temporal reference philosophically respectable, the second made it technically (...)
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  22.  20
    Matt La Vine (forthcoming). Prior’s Thank-Goodness Argument Reconsidered. Synthese:1-16.
    Arthur Prior’s argument for the A-theory of time in “Thank Goodness That’s Over” is perhaps his most famous and well-known non-logical work. Still, I think that this paper is one of his most misunderstood works. Because of this, much of its brilliance has yet to be properly appreciated. In this paper, I suggest that the explanation of this is that it has been treated as though it were following the standard model for a piece of Analytic philosophy. That is, (...)
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  23.  15
    Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1996). Intentionality and Truth: An Essay on the Philosophy of Arthur Prior. Kluwer.
    This book says Prior claims: (1) that a sentence never names; (2) what a sentence says cannot be otherwise signified; and (3) that a sentence says what it says whatever the type of its occurrence; (4) and that quantifications binding sentential variables are neither eliminable, substitutional, nor referential. The book develops and defends (1)-(3). It also defends (4) against the sorts of strictures on quantification of such philosophers as Quine and Davidson.
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  24.  28
    Birgit Schaffar (2014). Changing the Definition of Education. On Kant's Educational Paradox Between Freedom and Restraint. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):5-21.
    Ever since Kant asked: “How am I to develop the sense of freedom in spite of the restraint?” in his lecture on education, the tension between necessary educational influence and unacceptable restriction of the child’s individual development and freedom has been considered an educational paradox. Many have suggested solutions to the paradox; however, this article endorses recent discussions in educational philosophy that pursue the need to fundamentally rethink our understanding of education and upbringing. In this article it is argued (...)
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  25.  92
    Franz Dietrich & Christian List (2013). Reasons for (Prior) Belief in Bayesian Epistemology. Synthese 190 (5):781-786.
    Bayesian epistemology tells us with great precision how we should move from prior to posterior beliefs in light of new evidence or information, but says little about where our prior beliefs come from. It offers few resources to describe some prior beliefs as rational or well-justified, and others as irrational or unreasonable. A different strand of epistemology takes the central epistemological question to be not how to change one’s beliefs in light of new evidence, but what reasons (...)
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  26.  10
    Martin Pleitz (forthcoming). Solving Prior’s Problem with a Priorean Tool. Synthese:1-11.
    I will show how a metaphysical problem of Arthur Prior’s can be solved by a logical tool he developed himself, but did not put to any foundational use: metric logic. The broader context is given by the key question about the metaphysics of time: Is time tenseless, i.e., is time just a structure of instants; or is time tensed, because some facts are irreducibly tensed? I take sides with Prior and the tensed theory. Like him, I therefore I (...)
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  27.  11
    Guido R. Zanni & Paul F. Stavis (2007). The Effectiveness and Ethical Justification of Psychiatric Outpatient Commitment. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):31 – 41.
    Studies link involuntary outpatient commitment with improved patient outcomes, fueling debate on its ethical justification. This study compares inpatient utilization for committed outpatients in the 1990s with those who were not under outpatient civil commitment orders. Findings reveal committed outpatients had higher utilization of inpatient services and restraint episodes prior to their commitment compared with a control group. Committed outpatients also were more likely to have been on discharge status at the time of admission, have been admitted involuntarily (...)
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  28.  7
    B. Jack Copeland (forthcoming). Prior, Translational Semantics, and the Barcan Formula. Synthese:1-13.
    The revolution in semantics in the late 1960s and 1970s overturned an earlier competing paradigm, ‘translational’ semantics. I revive and defend Prior’s translational semantics for modals and tense-modals. I also show how to extend Prior’s propositional modal semantics to quantificational modal logic, and use the resulting semantics to formalize Prior’s own counterexample to the Barcan Formula.
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  29.  11
    Hartley Slater (forthcoming). Prior’s Individuals. Synthese:1-10.
    Criticisms have been aired before about the fear of certain Platonic abstract objects, propositions. That criticism extends to the widespread preference for an operator analysis of expressions like ‘It is true, known, obligatory that p’ as opposed to the predicative analysis in their equivalents ‘That p is true, known, obligatory’. The criticism in the present work also concerns Prior’s attitude to Platonic entities of a certain kind: not propositions, i.e., the referents of ‘that’-clauses, but individuals, i.e., the referents of (...)
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  30.  97
    Charles Sayward (1987). Prior’s Theory of Truth. Analysis 47 (2):83-87.
    This paper is a critical exposition of Prior’s theory of truth as expressed by the following truth locutions: (1) ‘it is true that’ prefixed to sentences; (2) ‘true proposition’; (3) true belief’, ‘true assertion’, ‘true statement’, etc.; (4) ‘true sentence’.
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  31.  12
    Sara L. Uckelman (2012). Prior on an Insolubilium of Jean Buridan. Synthese 188 (3):487-498.
    We present Prior's discussion of a puzzle about valditity found in the writings of the fourteenth-century French logician Jean Buridan and show how Prior's study of this puzzle may have provided the conceptual inspiration for his development of hybrid logic.
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  32.  7
    Ellen Wright Clayton (2008). Incidental Findings in Genetics Research Using Archived DNA. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (2):286-291.
    Despite calls by some commentators for disclosing incidental fndings in genetics research, several factors weigh in favor of caution. The technology of genetics has the power to uncover a vast array of information. The most potent argument for restraint in disclosure is that much research is pursued without consent so that the individual participant may not know that research is being conducted at all. Often the work is done by investigators and at institutions with which the person has no (...)
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  33.  8
    James Levine (forthcoming). Prior, Berkeley, and the Barcan Formula. Synthese:1-15.
    This paper presents structural similarities and historical connections between Prior ’s rejection of the Barcan formula and his critique of Berkeley’s master argument for idealism in his 1955 paper “Berkeley in Logical Form”. Making use of Mackie’s paper “Self-Refutation—A Formal Analysis”, it concludes with some suggestions concerning what is at stake in the debate between Prior and Berkeley and in structurally similar debates such as whether to accept the Barcan formula.
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  34.  8
    Zuzana Rybaříková (forthcoming). Prior on Aristotle’s Logical Squares. Synthese:1-10.
    This paper introduces Prior’s unpublished paper Aristotle on Logical Squares, which is deposited in the Bodleian Library and which discusses Greniewski’s definition of the \ operator, which Greniewski introduced in his paper Próba ‘odmłodzenia’ kwadratu logicznego. It is a unique attempt to formalize the square of opposition. Bendiek’s review, which is an important intermediary between Greniewski’s and Prior’s paper, is also mentioned here. Greniewski’s main motivation was to rejuvenate the traditional square of opposition in order to make a (...)
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  35.  71
    Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1977). Prior’s Theory of Propositions. Analysis 37 (3):104-112.
    Prior propounded a theory that, if correct, explains how it is possible for a statement about propositions to be true even if there are no propositions. The major feature of his theory is his treatment of sentence letters as bindable variables in non-referential positions. His theory, however, does not include a semantical account of the resulting quantification. The paper tries to fill that gap.
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  36.  15
    Ruth Ben-Yashar & Shmuel Nitzan (2014). On the Significance of the Prior of a Correct Decision in Committees. Theory and Decision 76 (3):317-327.
    The current note clarifies why, in committees, the prior probability of a correct collective choice might be of particular significance and possibly should sometimes even be the sole appropriate basis for making the collective decision. In particular, we present sufficient conditions for the superiority of a rule based solely on the prior relative to the simple majority rule, even when the decisional skills of the committee members are assumed to be homogeneous.
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  37.  4
    Tim Fernando (forthcoming). Prior and Temporal Sequences for Natural Language. Synthese:1-13.
    Logics of discrete time are, in Arthur Prior’s words, “applicable in limited fields of discourse in which we are concerned with what happens in a sequence of discrete states,” independent of “any serious metaphysical assumption that time is discrete.” This insight is applied to natural language semantics, a widespread assumption in which is that time is, as is the real line, dense. “Limited fields of discourse” are construed as finite sets of temporal propositions, inducing bounded notions of temporal granularity (...)
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  38.  3
    Patrick Blackburn & Klaus Frovin Jørgensen (forthcoming). Reichenbach, Prior and Hybrid Tense Logic. Synthese:1-13.
    In this paper we argue that Prior and Reichenbach are best viewed as allies, not antagonists. We do so by combining the central insights of Prior and Reichenbach in the framework of hybrid tense logic. This overcomes a well-known defect of Reichenbach’s tense schema, namely that it gives multiple representations to sentences in the future perfect and the future-in-the-past. It also makes it easy to define an iterative schema for tense that allows for multiple points of reference, a (...)
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  39.  35
    Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1976). Prior on Propositional Identity. Analysis 36 (4):182-184.
    Let A, B, C stand for sentences expressing propositions; let A be a component of C; let C A/B be just like C except for replacing some occurrence of A in C by an occurrence of B; let = be a binary connective for propositional identity read as ‘the proposition that __ is the very same proposition as …’. Then authors defend adding ‘from C = C A/B infer A = B’ to Prior’s rules for propositional identity, appearing in (...)
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  40.  26
    Christopher J. Eberle (2006). Religion, Pacifism, and the Doctrine of Restraint. Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (2):203 - 224.
    The doctrine of restraint is the claim that citizens and legislators ought to restrain themselves from making political decisions solely on religious grounds. That doctrine is normally construed as a general constraint on religious arguments: an exclusively religious rationale "as such" is an inappropriate basis for a political decision, particularly a coercive political decision. However, the most common arguments for the doctrine of restraint fail to show that citizens and legislators ought to obey the doctrine of restraint, (...)
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  41.  19
    Jc Beall (2012). A Neglected Reply to Prior’s Dilemma. In James Maclaurin (ed.), Rationis Defensor.
    This paper offers a novel reply to Prior’s dilemma (for the Is/Ought principle), advocating a so-called Weak Kleene framework motivated by two not uncommon thoughts in the debate, namely, that ought statements are identified as those that use ‘ought’, and that ought statements are ‘funny’ in ways that is statements aren’t (e.g., perhaps sometimes being ‘gappy’ with respect to truth and falsity).
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  42.  9
    Paolo Crivelli & David Charles (2011). ΠΡΟΤΑΣΙΣ' in Aristotle's "Prior Analytics". Phronesis 56 (3):193 - 203.
    It has often been claimed that (i) Aristotle's expression 'protasis' means 'premiss' in syllogistic contexts and (ii) cannot refer to the conclusion of a syllogism in the Prior Analytics. In this essay we produce and defend a counter-example to these two claims. We argue that (i) the basic meaning of the expression is 'proposition' and (ii) while it is often used to refer to the premisses of a syllogism, in Prior Analytics 1.29, 45b4-8 it is used to refer (...)
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  43.  26
    Sten Ebbesen (2010). The Prior Analytics in the Latin West: 12th-13th Centuries. Vivarium 48 (1-2):96-133.
    This study contains three parts. The first tries to follow the spread of the study of the Prior Analytics in the first two centuries during which it was at all studied in Western Europe, providing in this connection a non-exhaustive list of extant commentaries. Part II points to a certain overlap between commentaries on the Prior Analytics and works from the genre of sophismata . Part III lists the questions discussed in a students' compendium from about the 1240s (...)
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  44.  24
    Christopher J. Martin (2010). They Had Added Not a Single Tiny Proposition: The Reception of the Prior Analytics in the First Half of the Twelfth Century. Vivarium 48 (1-2):159-192.
    A study of the reception of Aristotle's Prior Analytics in the first half of the twelfth century. It is shown that Peter Abaelard was perhaps acquainted with as much as the first seven chapters of Book I of the Prior Analytics but with no more. The appearance at the beginning of the twelfth century of a short list of dialectical loci which has puzzled earlier commentators is explained by noting that this list formalises the classification of extensional relations (...)
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  45.  4
    Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Miguel Roig (2015). Prior Publication and Redundancy in Contemporary Science: Are Authors and Editors at the Crossroads? Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1367-1378.
    We discuss prior publication and redundancy in contemporary science in the context of changing perceptions of originality in the communication of research results. These perceptions have been changing in the publication realm, particularly in the last 15 years. Presenting a brief overview of the literature, we address some of the conflicts that are likely to arise between authors and editors. We illustrate our approach with conference presentations that are later published as journal articles and focus on a recent retraction (...)
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  46.  7
    John E. Richardson & Albert Atkin (2006). ''You 'Re Being Unreasonable': Prior and Passing Theories of Critical Discussion. Argumentation 20 (2):149-166.
    A key and continuing concern within the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation is how to account for effective persuasion disciplined by dialectical rationality. Currently, van Eemeren and Houtlosser offer one response to this concern in the form of strategic manoeuvring. This paper offers a prior/passing theory of communicative interaction as a supplement to the strategic manoeuvring approach. Our use of a prior/passing model investigates how a difference of opinion can be resolved while both dialectic obligations of reasonableness and rhetorical (...)
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  47.  18
    Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1991). Prior and Lorenzen on Quantification. Grazer Philosophishe Studien 41:150-173.
    A case against Prior’s theory of propositions goes thus: (1) everyday propositional generalizations are not substitutional; (2) Priorean quantifications are not objectual; (3) quantifications are substitutional if not objectual; (4) thus, Priorean quantifications are substitutional; (5) thus that Priorean quantifications are not ontologically committed to propositions provides no basis for a similar claim about our everyday propositional generalizations. Prior agrees with (1) and (2). He rejects (3), but fails to support that rejection with an account of quantification on (...)
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  48.  12
    Per F. V. Hasle (2012). The Problem of Predestination: As a Prelude to A. N. Prior's Tense Logic. [REVIEW] Synthese 188 (3):331-347.
    Arthur Norman Prior's early theological writings have been relatively neglected for many years. Moreover, to the extent that they have been discussed at all they have been treated mainly as youthful work quite separate from Prior's later work as a philosopher and logician. However, as interest in Prior's achievements has been growing significantly in recent years it has become more important to investigate the development with his overall work. In fact, Prior's putatively "youthful" theological work overlapped (...)
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  49.  10
    Max Cresswell (2013). Axiomatising the Prior Future in Predicate Logic. Logica Universalis 7 (1):87-101.
    Prior investigated a tense logic with an operator for ‘historical necessity’, where a proposition is necessary at a time iff it is true at that time in all worlds ‘accessible’ from that time. Axiomatisations of this logic all seem to require non-standard axioms or rules. The present paper presents an axiomatisation of a first-order version of Prior’s logic by using a predicate which enables any time to be picked out by an individual in the domain of interpretation.
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  50.  3
    Sabine Goethals, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans (2013). Nurses' Ethical Reasoning in Cases of Physical Restraint in Acute Elderly Care: A Qualitative Study. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):983-991.
    In their practice, nurses make daily decisions that are ethically informed. An ethical decision is the result of a complex reasoning process based on knowledge and experience and driven by ethical values. Especially in acute elderly care and more specifically decisions concerning the use of physical restraint require a thoughtful deliberation of the different values at stake. Qualitative evidence concerning nurses’ decision-making in cases of physical restraint provided important insights in the complexity of decision-making as a trajectory. However (...)
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