Search results for 'promising' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jason Kawall (2006). On Promising to Supererogate: A Response to Heyd. Philosophia 34 (2):153-156.score: 24.0
    In my “Promising and Supererogation” I argue that one cannot fulfill promises to perform supererogatory actions (such as “I hereby promise to perform one supererogatory action every month”). In a response to my paper, David Heyd argues that there is an alternative solution to the problem I raise. While I agree with much that Heyd says about the examples he discusses, his proposed solution involves a crucial alteration of the problem; his proposed solution does not solve the problem I (...)
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  2. David Owens (2006). A Simple Theory of Promising. Philosophical Review 115 (1):51-77.score: 24.0
    Why do human beings make and accept promises? What human interest is served by this procedure? Many hold that promising serves what I shall call an information interest, an interest in information about what will happen. And they hold that human beings ought to keep their promises because breaches of promise threaten this interest. On this view human beings take promises seriously because we want correct information about how other human beings are going to act. Some such view is (...)
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  3. Michael Cholbi (2002). A Contractualist Account of Promising. Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (4):475-91.score: 24.0
    T.M. Scanlon (1998) proposes that promise breaking is wrong because it shows manipulative disregard for the expectations for future behavior created by promising. I argue that this account of promissory obligation is mistaken in it own right, as well as being at odds with Scanlon's contractualism. I begin by placing Scanlon's account of promising within a tradition that treats the creation of expectations in promise recipients as central to promissory obligation. However, a counterexample to Scanlon's account, his case (...)
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  4. Kenneth Shockley (2008). On That Peculiar Practice of Promising. Philosophical Studies 140 (3):385 - 399.score: 24.0
    T. M. Scanlon has alleged that the social practice of promising fails to capture the sense in which when I break my promise I have wronged the promisee in particular. I suggest the practice of promising requires the promisee to have a normatively significant status, a status with interpersonal authority with respect to the promisor, and so be at risk of a particular harm made possible by the social practice of promising. This formulation of the social practice (...)
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  5. Jason Kawall (2005). Promising and Supererogation. Philosophia 32 (1-4):389-398.score: 22.0
    A paradox involving promises to perform supererogatory actions is developed. Several attempts to resolve the problem, focusing in particular on changing our understanding of supererogatory actions, are explored. It is concluded that none of the proposed solutions are viable; the problem lies in promises with certain contents, not in our understanding of supererogation.
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  6. Mark van Roojen (2013). Scanlon's Promising Proposal and the Righ Kind of Reasons to Believe. In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 3. 59-78.score: 22.0
    T. M. Scanlon suggests that the binding nature of promises itself plays a role in allowing a promisee rationally to expect follow through even while that binding nature itself depends on the promisee’s rational expectation of follow through. Kolodny and Wallace object that this makes the account viciously circular. The chapter defends Scanlon’s theory from this objection. It argues that the basic complaint is a form of wrong kinds of reason objection. The thought is that the promisee’s reason to expect (...)
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  7. D. S. Horner (2007). Digital Futures: Promising Ethics and the Ethics of Promising. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 37 (2):64-77.score: 21.0
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  8. Marguerite La Caze (2014). Promising and Forgiveness. In Patrick Hayden (ed.), Hannah Arendt: Key Concepts. Acumen. 209-21.score: 21.0
     
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  9. Michael H. Robins (1984). Promising, Intending, and Moral Autonomy. Cambridge University Press.score: 20.0
    Introduction Promising seems to be an act of intentionally creating an obligation where none existed before, but how is such a thing accomplished? ...
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  10. Claire Benn (2014). What is Wrong with Promising to Supererogate. Philosophia 42 (1):55-61.score: 20.0
    There has been some debate as to whether or not it is possible to keep a promise, and thus fulfil a duty, to supererogate. In this paper, I argue, in agreement with Jason Kawall, that such promises cannot be kept. However, I disagree with Kawall’s diagnosis of the problem and provide an alternative account. In the first section, I examine the debate between Kawall and David Heyd, who rejects Kawall’s claim that promises to supererogate cannot be kept. I disagree with (...)
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  11. Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2011). Consciousness Modeled: Reification and Promising Pluralism. Pensamiento 67 (254):617-630.score: 18.0
    Paradoxically, explorers of the territory of consciousness seem to be studying consciousness out of existence, from inside the field of "consciousness studies". How? Through their love of the phenomenon/process, they have developed powerful single models or lenses through which to understand consciousness. But in doing so, they also seek to destroy the other /equally useful/ lenses. Our opportunity lies in halting the vendettas and cross-speakings/cross-fire. The imploration is to stop the dichotomous thinking and pernicious reification of single models, and instead (...)
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  12. Seana Valentine Shiffrin (2008). Promising, Intimate Relationships, and Conventionalism. Philosophical Review 117 (4):481-524.score: 18.0
    The power to promise is morally fundamental and does not, at its foundation, derive from moral principles that govern our use of conventions. Of course, many features of promising have conventional components—including which words, gestures, or conditions of silence create commitments. What is really at issue between conventionalists and nonconventionalists is whether the basic moral relation of promissory commitment derives from the moral principles that govern our use of social conventions. Other nonconventionalist accounts make problematic concessions to the conventionalist's (...)
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  13. Julia Driver, Promising Too Much.score: 18.0
    This paper begins with the idea that we can learn a good deal about promising by examining the conditions and norms that govern promise- breaking. Sometimes promises are broken as a deliberate plan, other times they are broken because they are simply incompatible with other, more signifi cant moral norms, or because it becomes clear that they are impossible to keep. There are cases where people make promises that are actually incompatible with each other. Politicians, for example, often give (...)
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  14. David Owens, The Problem with Promising.score: 18.0
    Why have philosophers since Hume regarded promising as problematic? I distinguish two problems raised by Hume. The problem of the bare wrong is the problem of how it can make sense to avoid a wrong when the wrong does not affect any intelligible human interest. The problem of normative power is the problem of how something can be a wrong simply because it has been declared to be a wrong. I argue that the problem of the bare wrong is (...)
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  15. Douglas W. Portmore (2005). Combining Teleological Ethics with Evaluator Relativism: A Promising Result. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (1):95–113.score: 18.0
    Consequentialism is an agent-neutral teleological theory, and deontology is an agent-relative non-teleological theory. I argue that a certain hybrid of the two—namely, non-egoistic agent-relative teleological ethics (NATE)—is quite promising. This hybrid takes what is best from both consequentialism and deontology while leaving behind the problems associated with each. Like consequentialism and unlike deontology, NATE can accommodate the compelling idea that it is always permissible to bring about the best available state of affairs. Yet unlike consequentialism and like deontology, NATE (...)
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  16. Mark Schroeder (2006). Not so Promising After All: Evaluator-Relative Teleology and Common-Sense Morality. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (3):348–356.score: 18.0
    Douglas Portmore has recently argued in this journal for a "promising result" – that combining teleological ethics with "evaluator relativism" about the good allows an ethical theory to account for deontological intuitions while "accommodat[ing] the compelling idea that it is always permissible to bring about the best available state of affairs." I show that this result is false. It follows from the indexical semantics of evaluator relativism that Portmore's compelling idea is false. I also try to explain what might (...)
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  17. Peter Vallentyne (2006). “Natural Rights and Two Conceptions of Promising”. Chicago-Kent Law Review 81 (9):9-19.score: 18.0
    Does one have an obligation to keep one’s promises? I answer this question by distinguishing between two broad conceptions of promising. On the normativized conception of promising, a promise is made when an agent validly offers to undertake an obligation to the promisee to perform some act (i.e., give up a liberty-right in relation to her) and the promisee validly accepts the offer. Keeping such promises is morally obligatory by definition. On the non- normativized conception, the nature of (...)
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  18. Nikil Mukerji (2014). Consequentialism, Deontology and the Morality of Promising. In Johanna Jauernig & Christoph Lütge (eds.), Business Ethics and Risk Management. Springer. 111--126.score: 18.0
    In normative ethics there has been a long-standing debate between consequentialists and deontologists. To settle this dispute moral theorists have often used a selective approach. They have focused on particular aspects of our moral practice and have teased out what consequentialists and deontologists have to say about it. One of the focal points of this debate has been the morality of promising. In this paper I review arguments on both sides and examine whether consequentialists or deontologists offer us a (...)
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  19. Clare Shelley-Egan (2010). The Ambivalence of Promising Technology. NanoEthics 4 (2):183-189.score: 18.0
    Issues of responsibility in the world of nanotechnology are becoming explicit with the emergence of a discourse on ‘responsible development’ of nanoscience and nanotechnologies. Much of this discourse centres on the ambivalences of nanotechnology and of promising technology in general. Actors must find means of dealing with these ambivalences. Actors’ actions and responses to ambivalence are shaped by their position and context, along with strategic games they are involved in, together with other actors. A number of interviews were conducted (...)
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  20. Erin Taylor (2013). A New Conventionalist Theory of Promising. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):667-682.score: 17.0
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  21. Richard M. Fox & Joseph P. Demarco (1993). The Immorality of Promising. Journal of Value Inquiry 27 (1):81-84.score: 17.0
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  22. David Owens (2008). Promising Without Intending. Journal of Philosophy 105 (12):737-755.score: 16.0
    It is widely held that one who sincerely promises to do something must at least intend to do that thing: a promise communicates the intention to perform. In this paper, I argue that a promise need only communicate the intention to undertake an obligation to perform. I consider examples of sincere promisors who have no intention of performing. I argue that this fits well with what we want to say about other performatives - giving, commanding etc. Furthermore, it supports a (...)
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  23. Blair McDonald (2009). Friendship's Future: Derrida's Promising Thought. Derrida Today 2 (2):210-221.score: 16.0
    This paper will address the political and ethical ramifications of Derrida's concern for friendship in relation to his concerns with the future of democracy, rights of hospitality and cosmopolitics. The questions addressed read as follows: Is there a way we can get beyond this stance which not only consolidates a friendship of the ‘perhaps’ with a friendship of the promise, but also implicates their consolidation with the very future of what we today call democracy? Is there a way in which (...)
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  24. Robert J. Fogelin (1983). Richard Price on Promising: A Limited Defense. Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (3):289-302.score: 16.0
    This essay attempts to elucidate and restate in modern terms richard price's reduction of our obligation to keep promises to our obligation to veracity. It next defends this reduction against standard criticisms. This defence is, However, Limited, Since the voluntarists (descartes) and the utility theorists (hume), Whom price is most anxious to refute, Could accept this reduction and reassert their theories with respect to our obligation to veracity itself.
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  25. Ned Hall (2006). Philosophy of Causation: Blind Alleys Exposed; Promising Directions Highlighted. Philosophy Compass 1 (1):86–94.score: 15.0
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  26. Gary Watson (2004). Asserting and Promising. Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):57-77.score: 15.0
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  27. Rosemary Betterton (2006). Promising Monsters: Pregnant Bodies, Artistic Subjectivity, and Maternal Imagination. Hypatia 21 (1):80-100.score: 15.0
    : This paper engages with theories of the monstrous maternal in feminist philosophy to explore how examples of visual art practice by Susan Hiller, Marc Quinn, Alison Lapper, Tracey Emin, and Cindy Sherman disrupt maternal ideals in visual culture through differently imagined body schema. By examining instances of the pregnant body represented in relation to maternal subjectivity, disability, abortion, and "prosthetic" pregnancy, it asks whether the "monstrous" can offer different kinds of figurations of the maternal that acknowledge the agency and (...)
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  28. Holly M. Smith (1997). A Paradox of Promising. Philosophical Review 106 (2):153-196.score: 15.0
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  29. Peter Vallentyne (2009). Left-Libertarianism as a Promising Form of Liberal Egalitarianism. Philosophical Exchange:56-71.score: 15.0
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  30. G. E. M. Anscombe (1969). On Promising and Its Justice, and Whether It Needs Be Respected In Foro Interno. Critica 3 (7/8):61 - 83.score: 15.0
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  31. Thomas Pink (2009). Promising and Obligation. Philosophical Perspectives 23 (1):389-420.score: 15.0
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  32. Stephen Mulhall (1997). Promising, Consent, and Citizenship: Rawls and Cavell on Morality and Politics. Political Theory 25 (2):171-192.score: 15.0
  33. R. S. Downie (1985). Three Accounts of Promising. Philosophical Quarterly 35 (140):259-271.score: 15.0
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  34. Alexander Grunewald (2000). Schema Theory: Very Promising. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):542-543.score: 15.0
    A direct equivalence between neural function and neural structure does not provide a fruitful approach to understanding brain functioning. Arbib et al. describe a new and powerful approach to circumvent this problem, which they call schema theory. However, in examples they fall prey to the tradition of finding such equivalences, not doing schema theory justice.
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  35. A. I. Melden (1956). On Promising. Mind 65 (257):49-66.score: 15.0
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  36. Eckhart Arnold (2010). Can the Best-Alternative Justification Solve Hume's Problem? On the Limits of a Promising Approach. Philosophy of Science 77 (4):584-593.score: 15.0
    In a recent Philosophy of Science article Gerhard Schurz proposes meta-inductivistic prediction strategies as a new approach to Hume's. This comment examines the limitations of Schurz's approach. It can be proven that the meta-inductivist approach does not work any more if the meta-inductivists have to face an infinite number of alternative predictors. With his limitation it remains doubtful whether the meta-inductivist can provide a full solution to the problem of induction.
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  37. Michael Cerullo (2011). Integrated Information Theory A Promising but Ultimately Incomplete Theory of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (11-12):11-12.score: 15.0
    Tononi has proposed a fundamental theory of consciousness he terms Integrated Information Theory (IIT). IIT purports to explain the quantity of conscious experience by linking it with integrated information: information shared by the system as a whole and quantified by adopting a modified version of Shannon's definition of information. Since the fundamental aspect of IIT is information the theory allows for the multiple realizability of consciousness. While there are several concepts within IIT that need further theoretical development, the main failings (...)
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  38. Julia Driver (1984). A Promising Puzzle. Philosophia 14 (1-2):199-200.score: 15.0
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  39. John Orbell, Robyn Dawes & Alphons van de Kragt (1990). The Limits of Multilateral Promising. Ethics 100 (3):616-627.score: 15.0
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  40. R. I. Sikora (1975). Facts, Promising and Obligation. Philosophy 50 (193):352 - 355.score: 15.0
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  41. William E. Tolhurst (1976). On Hare's 'Promising Game'. Philosophical Studies 30 (4):277 - 279.score: 15.0
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  42. Ulrike Heuer (2012). Promising-Part 1. Philosophy Compass 7 (12):832-841.score: 15.0
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  43. Hanoch Sheinman (2012). The Conventionality of Promising: A Defence. Jurisprudence 2 (2):463-492.score: 15.0
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  44. Michael H. Robins (1976). The Primacy of Promising. Mind 85 (339):321-340.score: 15.0
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  45. David Heyd (2005). Supererogatory Promises a Comment on Kawal's “Promising and Supererogation”. Philosophia 32 (1-4):399-403.score: 15.0
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  46. David-Hillel Ruben (1972). Tacit Promising. Ethics 83 (1):71-79.score: 15.0
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  47. Ulrike Heuer (2012). Promising - Part 2. Philosophy Compass 7 (12):842-851.score: 15.0
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  48. Berislav Marušić (2013). Promising Against the Evidence. Ethics 123 (2):292-317.score: 15.0
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  49. Ronald Rogowski (1981). The Obligations of Liberalism: Pateman on Participation and Promising:The Problem of Political Obligation: A Critical Analysis of Liberal Theory. Carole Pateman. Ethics 91 (2):296-.score: 15.0
  50. Jerome Schneewind (1966). A Note on Promising. Philosophical Studies 17 (3):33 - 35.score: 15.0
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