Search results for 'property theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch (2008). Personal Respect, Private Property, and Market Economy: What Critical Theory Can Learn From Hegel. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):573 - 586.score: 75.0
    The aim of the present paper is to show that Hegel’s concept of personal respect is of great interest to contemporary Critical Theory. The author first analyzes this notion as it appears in the Philosophy of Right and then offers a new interpretation of the conceptual relation between personal respect and the institutions of (private) property and (capitalist) markets. In doing so, he shows why Hegel’s concept of personal respect allows us to understand markets as possible institutionalizations of (...)
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  2. Bert Schroer (2010). A Critical Look at 50 Years Particle Theory From the Perspective of the Crossing Property. Foundations of Physics 40 (12):1800-1857.score: 72.0
    The crossing property is perhaps the most subtle aspect of the particle-field relation. Although it is not difficult to state its content in terms of certain analytic properties relating different matrixelements of the S-matrix or formfactors, its relation to the localization- and positive energy spectral principles requires a level of insight into the inner workings of QFT which goes beyond anything which can be found in typical textbooks on QFT. This paper presents a recent account based on new ideas (...)
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  3. Neil Feit (2008). Belief About the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Mental content and the problem of De Se belief -- Cognitive attitudes and content -- The doctrine of propositions -- The problem of De Se belief -- The property theory of content -- In favor of the property theory -- Perry's messy shopper and the argument from explanation -- Lewis's case of the two Gods -- Arguments from internalism and physicalism -- An inference to the best explanation -- Alternatives to the property theory -- (...)
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  4. Neil Feit (2010). Selfless Desires and the Property Theory of Content. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):489-503.score: 60.0
    The property theory of content takes the content of each cognitive attitude (each belief, desire, and so on) to be a property to which the subject of the attitude is related in the appropriate psychological way. This view is motivated by standard cases of de se belief and other attitudes. In this paper, I consider a couple of related objections to the property theory of content. Both objections have to do with the possible non-existence of (...)
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  5. Adam Mossoff (2012). Saving Locke From Marx: The Labor Theory of Value in Intellectual Property Theory. Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (2):283-317.score: 60.0
    The labor theory of value is fundamental to John LockeJustifying Intellectual Property,s physical labor contributes only proportionally to this socially-created market value. Robert Nozick, G. A. Cohen, and other philosophers similarly dismiss the labor theory of value as illogical or incoherent. But these philosophers redefine Lockes labor theory of economic value. The principle of interpretative charity demands reconsideration of Lockes property theory within the context of his natural law ethical theory, as presented in (...)
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  6. Stephen Buckle (1991). Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume. Oxford University Press.score: 54.0
    In this book, Buckle provides a historical perspective on the political philosophies of Locke and Hume, arguing that there are continuities in the development of seventeenth and eighteenth-century political theory which have often gone unrecognized. He begins with a detailed exposition of Grotius's and Pufendorf's modern natural law theory, focussing on their accounts of the nature of natural law, human sociability, the development of forms of property, and the question of slavery. He then shows that Locke's political (...)
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  7. Sharon R. Ford (2012). Objects, Discreteness, and Pure Power Theories: George Molnar’s Critique of Sydney Shoemaker’s Causal Theory of Properties. [REVIEW] Metaphysica 13 (2):195-215.score: 54.0
    Sydney Shoemaker’s causal theory of properties is an important starting place for some contemporary metaphysical perspectives concerning the nature of properties. In this paper, I discuss the causal and intrinsic criteria that Shoemaker stipulates for the identity of genuine properties and relations, and address George Molnar’s criticism that holding both criteria presents an unbridgeable hypothesis in the causal theory of properties. The causal criterion requires that properties and relations contribute to the causal powers of objects if they are (...)
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  8. Mlj van de Vel (2010). Theories with the Independence Property. Studia Logica 95 (3):379-405.score: 54.0
    A first-order theory has the Independence Property provided implies for some i whenever are formulae of a suitable type and ( Q ) is any quantifier sequence. Variants of this property have been noticed for some time in logic programming and in linear programming.
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  9. Gareth Ernest Boardman (2013). Addressing the Conflict Between Relativity and Quantum Theory: Models, Measurement and the Markov Property. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (2):86-115.score: 54.0
    Twenty-first century science faces a dilemma. Two of its well-verified foundation stones - relativity and quantum theory - have proven inconsistent. Resolution of the conflict has resisted improvements in experimental precision leaving some to believe that some fundamental understanding in our world-view may need modification or even radical reform. Employment of the wave-front model of electrodynamics, as a propagation process with a Markov property, may offer just such a clarification.
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  10. Terrance Tomkow, The Retributive Theory of Property.score: 54.0
  11. Elisabeth Ellis (2006). Citizenship and Property Rights: A New Look at Social Contract Theory. Journal of Politics 68 (3):544-555.score: 54.0
    Social contract thought has always contained multiple and mutually conflicting lines of argument; the minimalist contractarianism so influential today represents the weaker of two main constellations of claims. I make the case for a Kantian contract theory that emphasizes the bedrock principle of consent of the governed instead of the mere heuristic device of the exit from the state of nature. Such a shift in emphasis resolves two classic difficulties: tradi- tional contract theory’s ahistorical presumption of a pre-political (...)
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  12. David James (2010). Fichte's Theory of Property. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (2):202-217.score: 51.0
    I discuss J. G. Fichte’s theory of property and its implications in relation to the claim made by C. B. Macpherson that, by broadening the meaning of the term ‘property’, it becomes possible to reconcile two principles of liberal democratic theory that seem to be at odds with each other: the right to property, understood as the right to exclude others from the use or benefit of something, and the right to use and develop one’s (...)
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  13. Edward Feser (2010). Classical Natural Law Theory, Property Rights, and Taxation. Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):21-52.score: 48.0
    Classical natural law theory derives moral conclusions from the essentialist and teleological understanding of nature enshrined in classical metaphysics. The paper argues that this understanding of nature is as defensible today as it was in the days of Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and Aquinas. It then shows how a natural law theory of the grounds and content of our moral obligations follows from this understanding of nature, and how a doctrine of natural rights follows in turn from the (...) of natural law. With this background in place, the implications of the theory for questions about property rights and taxation are explored. It is argued that classical natural law theory entails the existence of a natural right of private property, and that this right is neither so strong as to support laissez faire libertarianism, nor so weak as to allow for socialism. Though the theory leaves much of the middle ground between these extremes open to empirical rather than moral evaluation, it is argued that there is a strong natural law presumption against social democratic policies and in favor of free enterprise. (shrink)
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  14. Michael J. Almeida (2004). Supervenience and Property-Identical Divine-Command Theory. Religious Studies 40 (3):323-333.score: 48.0
    Property-identical divine-command theory (PDCT) is the view that being obligatory is identical to being commanded by God in just the way that being water is identical to being H2O. If these identity statements are true, then they express necessary a posteriori truths. PDCT has been defended in Robert M. Adams (1987) and William Alston (1990). More recently Mark C. Murphy (2002) has argued that property-identical divine-command theory is inconsistent with two well-known and well-received theses: the free-command (...)
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  15. Cameron Buckner (2013). A Property Cluster Theory of Cognition. Philosophical Psychology:1-30.score: 48.0
    Our prominent definitions of cognition are too vague and lack empirical grounding. They have not kept up with recent developments, and cannot bear the weight placed on them across many different debates. I here articulate and defend a more adequate theory. On this theory, behaviors under the control of cognition tend to display a cluster of characteristic properties, a cluster which tends to be absent from behaviors produced by non-cognitive processes. This cluster is reverse-engineered from the empirical tests (...)
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  16. Thomas K. Duncan, 22. “Labor Theory of Property: Homesteading and the Loss of Subjective Value”.score: 48.0
    Murray Rothbard, in his The Ethics of Liberty, attempts to derive property ownership from the act of homesteading. Under this system, property is claimed through the act of mixing one’s labor with it. However, the theory of homesteading as a means for property rights formation is one that favors production [...].
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  17. David James (2012). Conceptual Innovation in Fichte's Theory of Property: The Genesis of Leisure as an Object of Distributive Justice. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):n/a-n/a.score: 48.0
    Fichte's definitions of property appear to diverge from modern common linguistic usage, especially his identification of leisure as the object of an absolute right of property, and they may even appear arbitrary. I argue that these definitions are not in fact arbitrary. Rather, any divergence from common linguistic usage can be explained in terms of a conceptual innovation which consists in expanding or modifying a concept by thinking it through, thereby generating new content. In the case of Fichte's (...)
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  18. Jean Axelrad Cahan (1994). The Concept of Property in Marx's Theory of History: A Defense of the Autonomy of the Socioeconomic Base. Science and Society 58 (4):392 - 414.score: 48.0
    This paper seeks a new perspective on a long-standing ambiguity in historical materialism. The term "property," its apparent inclusion in both the economic base and the politicolegal superstructure in Marx's schema, and the consequent difficulty of asserting a causal connection between base and superstructure, are seen as deriving from intellectual influences on the young Marx. These influences conveyed certain central ideas from the history of Roman law and its treatment of property. Some implications for Marxist theory are (...)
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  19. John Christman (1994). The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership. OUP USA.score: 48.0
    The Myth of Property is the first book-length study to focus directly on the variable and complex structure of ownership. It critically analyses what it means to own something, and it takes familiar debates about distributive justice and recasts them into discussions of the structure of ownership. The traditional notion of private property assumed by both defenders and opponents of that system is criticized and exposed as a "myth." The book then puts forward a new theory of (...)
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  20. Benjamin B. Lopata (1973). Property Theory in Hobbes. Political Theory 1 (2):203-218.score: 48.0
  21. Lawrence C. Becker (1977). Property Rights: Philosophic Foundations. Routledge & Kegan Paul.score: 48.0
    This book begins with a distinction between a general, a specific, and a particular justification of property rights. Then after a brief review of Hohfeld's analysis of legal rights, and Honore's analysis of legal ownership, various standard general justifications are assessed: first occupancy; personality; Locke's labor theory of original acquisition; utilitarian property theory (value theory and economic versions); and accounts based on a strong principle of personal liberty.. This is followed by remarks on anti--property (...)
     
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  22. Francesco Orilia (1991). Type-Free Property Theory, Bradley's Regress and Meinong and Russell Reconceiled. Grazer Philosophische Studien 39:103-125.score: 48.0
    The type-free property-theoretic system EC, based on the mediation view of predication, is presented. According to the mediation view, the copula or exemplification is a necessary component of every proposition. It is explained how the system EC relates to Bradley's Regress regarding predication. Finally, the system EC is applied to the Meinong-Russell debate on non-existent objects and it is shown how EC allows us to preserve some important intuitions of both Meinong and Russell.
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  23. Gennaro Chierchia & Raymond Turner (1988). Semantics and Property Theory. Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (3):261 - 302.score: 45.0
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  24. Meghan Sullivan (2012). The Minimal A-Theory. Philosophical Studies 158 (2):149-174.score: 45.0
    Timothy Williamson thinks that every object is a necessary, eternal existent. In defense of his view, Williamson appeals primarily to considerations from modal and tense logic. While I am uncertain about his modal claims, I think there are good metaphysical reasons to believe permanentism: the principle that everything always exists. B-theorists of time and change have long denied that objects change with respect to unqualified existence. But aside from Williamson, nearly all A-theorists defend temporaryism: the principle that there are temporary (...)
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  25. Francesco Fagiani (1983). Natural Law and History in Locke's Theory of Distributive Justice. Topoi 2 (2):163-185.score: 45.0
    According to the tradition of natural law justice is inherent to, and should always be observed in, all interpersonal relations: the science of natural law is nothing more or less than the expression of such principles of justice. The theoretical peculiarities that crop up regarding the lawfulness of appropriation are determined by the indirect interpersonal relations that take place within the process of appropriation: though appropriation is an action directed not towards another person or his property, but towards tangible (...)
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  26. George Bealer (1994). Property Theory: The Type-Free Approachv. The Church Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (2):139 - 171.score: 45.0
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  27. Francesco Orilia (1991). Type-Free Property Theory, Exemplification and Russell's Paradox. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (3):432-447.score: 45.0
  28. Benjamin Hale (2008). Private Property and Environmental Ethics:. Some New Directions. Metaphilosophy 39 (3):402–421.score: 45.0
    This article argues that teachers of environmental ethics must more aggressively entertain questions of private property in their work and in their teaching. To make this case, it first introduces the three primary positions on property: occupation arguments, labor theory of value arguments, and efficiency arguments. It then contextualizes these arguments in light of the contemporary U.S. wise-use movement, in an attempt to make sense of the concerns that motivate wise-use activists, and also to demonstrate how intrinsic (...)
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  29. Cara Spencer (2009). Review of Neil Feit, Belief About the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).score: 45.0
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  30. Francesco Orilia (2000). Property Theory and the Revision Theory of Definitions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (1):212-246.score: 45.0
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  31. David Ellerman (1992). Property and Contract in Economics: The Case for Economic Democracy. Blackwell.score: 45.0
    From a pre-publication review by the late Austrian economist, Don Lavoie, of George Mason University: -/- "The book's radical re-interpretation of property and contract is, I think, among the most powerful critiques of mainstream economics ever developed. It undermines the neoclassical way of thinking about property by articulating a theory of inalienable rights, and constructs out of this perspective a "labor theory of property" which is as different from Marx's labor theory of value as (...)
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  32. P. Hanks (2009). Belief About the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content * by Neil Feit. Analysis 69 (3):570-572.score: 45.0
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  33. Douglas Ehring (1984). The System-Property Theory of Goal-Directed Processes. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (4):497-504.score: 45.0
  34. Manolo Martínez (forthcoming). Informationally-Connected Property Clusters, and Polymorphism. Biology and Philosophy:1-19.score: 45.0
    I present and defend a novel version of the homeostatic property cluster (HPC) account of natural kinds. The core of the proposal is a development of the notion of co-occurrence, central to the HPC account, along information-theoretic lines. The resulting theory retains all the appealing features of the original formulation, while increasing its explanatory power, and formal perspicuity. I showcase the theory by applying it to the (hitherto unsatisfactorily resolved) problem of reconciling the thesis that biological species (...)
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  35. Francesco Orilia (1994). Belief Representation in a Deductivist Type-Free Doxastic Logic. Minds and Machines 4 (2):163-203.score: 45.0
    Konolige''s technical notion of belief based on deduction structures is briefly reviewed and its usefulness for the design of artificial agents with limited representational and deductive capacities is pointed out. The design of artificial agents with more sophisticated representational and deductive capacities is then taken into account. Extended representational capacities require in the first place a solution to the intensional context problems. As an alternative to Konolige''s modal first-order language, an approach based on type-free property theory is proposed. (...)
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  36. Orilia Francesco (1991). Type-Free Property Theory, Bradley's Regress and Meinong and Russell Reconceiled. Grazer Philosophische Studien 39:103-125.score: 45.0
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  37. Remigius Nnamdi Nwabueze (2014). Body Parts in Property Theory: An Integrated Framework. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (1):33-38.score: 45.0
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  38. Raymond Turner (1981). Property Theory. journal of symbolic logic.score: 45.0
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  39. J.-B. Blumenfeld (1985). Phenomenal Properties and the Identity Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63 (December):485-93.score: 42.0
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  40. Sharon Ford (2012). Objects, Discreteness, and Pure Power Theories: George Molnar’s Critique of Sydney Shoemaker’s Causal Theory of Properties. [REVIEW] Metaphysica 13 (2):195-215.score: 42.0
    Sydney Shoemaker’s causal theory of properties is an important starting place for some contemporary metaphysical perspectives concerning the nature of properties. In this paper, I discuss the causal and intrinsic criteria that Shoemaker stipulates for the identity of genuine properties and relations, and address George Molnar’s criticism that holding both criteria presents an unbridgeable hypothesis in the causal theory of properties. The causal criterion requires that properties and relations contribute to the causal powers of objects if they are (...)
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  41. Frederick R. Adams (1979). Properties, Functionalism, and the Identity Theory. Eidos 1 (December):153-79.score: 42.0
  42. Richard A. Spinello (2003). The Future of Intellectual Property. Ethics and Information Technology 5 (1):1-16.score: 39.0
    This paper uses two recentworks as a springboard for discussing theproper contours of intellectual propertyprotection. Professor Lessig devotes much ofThe Future of Ideas to demonstrating howthe expanding scope of intellectual propertyprotection threatens the Internet as aninnovation commons. Similarly, ProfessorLitman''s message in Digital Copyright isthat copyright law is both too complicated andtoo restrictive. Both authors contend that asa result of overprotecting individual rights,creativity is stifled and the vitality of theintellectual commons is in jeopardy. It isdifficult to evaluate the claims and policyprescriptions (...)
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  43. Hillel Steiner, The Theory of Property Léon Walras.score: 39.0
    Léon Walras (1834-1910), a French-born economist working in Switzerland, was one of the founders of mathematical economics (and of marginal utility theory and equilibrium analysis in particular). He here defends self-ownership and collective ownership of the rent from natural resources.
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  44. Susan Meld Shell (1978). Kant's Theory of Property. Political Theory 6 (1):75-90.score: 39.0
  45. Susan Meld Shell (1979). On Riley's Response to Shell's Essay, "Kant's Theory of Property". Political Theory 7 (1):143-144.score: 39.0
  46. Jeremy Shearmur (1990). From Dialogue Rights to Property Rights: Foundations for Hayek's Legal Theory. Critical Review 4 (1-2):106-132.score: 39.0
    Hayek's philosophy of law has Kantian features, but he offers indirect utilitarian arguments for them. Hayek's argument might be strengthened by considering that the utilitarian has an interest in issues of truth and falsity and thus in the individual as the bearer of critical judgments. Individuals might thus be accorded ?dialogue rights?; upon a (Popperian) episte?mological basis, an idea which is further strengthened by the consideration that dialogue may be extended to the appraisal of the validity of utilitarianism. Moreover, such (...)
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  47. Patrick Riley (1978). On Susan Shell's "Kant's Theory of Property". Political Theory 6 (1):91-99.score: 39.0
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  48. Rami Grossberg & Saharon Shelah (1986). On the Number of Nonisomorphic Models of an Infinitary Theory Which has the Infinitary Order Property. Part A. Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (2):302-322.score: 39.0
    Let κ and λ be infinite cardinals such that κ ≤ λ (we have new information for the case when $\kappa ). Let T be a theory in L κ +, ω of cardinality at most κ, let φ(x̄, ȳ) ∈ L λ +, ω . Now define $\mu^\ast_\varphi (\lambda, T) = \operatorname{Min} \{\mu^\ast:$ If T satisfies $(\forall\mu \kappa)(\exists M_\chi \models T)(\exists \{a_i: i Our main concept in this paper is $\mu^\ast_\varphi (\lambda, \kappa) = \operatorname{Sup}\{\mu^\ast(\lambda, T): T$ is a (...)
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  49. Juan José Acero Fernández & José Manuel Palma Muñoz (2013). Emotion, Perception, and Natural Kinds. Biological Theory 7 (2):153-161.score: 39.0
    The question addressed in this paper is whether particular emotional experiences or episodes of an emotion (such as two experiences of happiness) belong to a natural kind. The final answer to this question is that although some, even many, single episodes of an emotion may group into a natural kind, belonging to a natural kind is a highly contextual matter. The proposal relies on two premises. First, a conception of natural kind-hood that follows Boyd’s Homeostatic Property Cluster Theory. (...)
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  50. Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch (2008). Personal Respect, Private Property, and Market Economy: What Critical Theory Can Learn From Hegel. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):573-586.score: 39.0
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